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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921742


In recent years, the quality and safety problems have been limiting the internationalization of Chinese medicine. The pollutants in Chinese medicine, particularly the exogenous harmful pollutants mainly including mycotoxins, pesticide residues, heavy metals, harmful elements, and sulfur dioxide, are of high risks for people. Therefore, the World Health Organization(WHO) and relevant national organizations have clearly defined the maximum residue limits(MRLs) of such pollutants. Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition, volume Ⅳ) also demonstrates the detection methods, MRLs and preliminary risk assessment methods for four typical exogenous harmful pollutants in Chinese medicine. Therefore, continuous optimization of the health risk assessment system can further help further raise the quality and safety of Chinese medicine. This paper reviews the research on the health risk assessment of four typical exogenous harmful pollutants in Chinese medicine and discusses the problems of and challenges for the assessment system, which is expected to lay a scientific basis for the establishment of the risk warning mode and response measures suitable for specific types of Chinese medicine.

Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Environmental Pollutants/analysis , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pesticide Residues/analysis , Risk Assessment
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689588


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide (AsO) on Cdc20 and Mad2 in process of AML HL-60 cell proliferation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The proliferation of HL-60 cells was detected by CCK-8 method at different concentrations of arsenic trioxide for 24, 48 and 72 hours. The cell morphological changes were observed by inverted microscopy. The expressions of Mad2 and Cdc20 mRNA and protein in HL-60 cells treated with AsO for 48 h were detected by real-time PCR and Western blot respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Arsenic trioxide significantly inhibited the HL-60 cell proliferation and displayed a good time-dose correlation. RT-PCR and Western blot showed that the expression of Mad2 was up-regulated and the expression of Cdc20 was down-regulated in HL-60 cells treated with arsenic trioxide of different concentration (4,8,10 µmol/L).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Arsenic trioxide can inhibit the human acute myeloid leukemia HL-60 cell proliferation, and its mechanism may be related with up-regulation of Mad2 expression and down-regulation of Cdc20 expression.</p>

Antineoplastic Agents , Apoptosis , Arsenic Trioxide , Arsenicals , Cdc20 Proteins , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Oxides
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272743


To establish an UPLC method for the simultaneous determination of 8 compounds in Eclipta Herba, such as isoquercitrin, luteoloside, demethylwedelolactone, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C, luteolin, wedelolactone and apigenin. The experiment was performed with a Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C₁₈ (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) column by gradient elution of 0.1% formic acid in water and acetonitrile: 0-4 min,10%-13% A; 4-10 min, 13%-16% A; 10-13 min, 16%-25% A; 13-17 min, 25%-28% A; 17-20 min,28%-40% A;20-25 min,40%-95% A. The flow rate was 0.3 mL•min⁻¹.. The condition of was the colum temperature was maintained at 35 ℃ and the detected wavelength was set at 350 mm. 8 components were separated clearly by this method. Also a good linearity was obtained between the chosen concentration(r≥0.999 0). The measured data showed that the recovery rate range from 96.60%-103.4% (n=6) and their RSD values were 0.86%-2.4%. The method has high recovery rate, good reproducibility and stability. It provides a scientific basis for the identification and quality evaluation of Eclipta Herba.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330331


Most Chinese medicine has good clinical efficacy and application. However, the material basis is vague for the lack of basic research, the value of Chinese medicine is hard to reflect for the low technology level and product quality is difficult to maintain for the quality control indicator selection is incorrect. Chinese medicine Jinfukang oral liquid is a typical product of Chinese medicines. Jinfukang oral liquid was selected as a model drug in this article. Based on the overall concept and systems theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the research idea and technology system for modern Chinese medicine secondary exploitation was formed. The system includes three parts, for the first, basic research to make clear the components structure and their action mechanism, for the second, technology upgraded to optimize process and improve the product quality, for the last, exploring the associated industry to form the industrial chain. The research ideas and technology system based on the material basis research and development of modern Chinese medicine, guided with component structure in Chinese medicine and aimed clinical needs. This research ideas and technology system provides strategies and methods for the development of modern Chinese medicine secondary exploitation.

Administration, Oral , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Reference Standards , Drug Therapy , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Humans , Quality Control
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327828


To analyze and compare the protective effects of active components in different ethyl acetate extracts (EAEEPs) from Eclipta prostrate, in order to study the comparison of materials bases protecting normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells. The MTT assay was taken to compare the protective effect of different EAEEPs on cigarette smoke extracts (CSE) -induced NHBE cells. The ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) was applied to analyze the content of phenolic acid, coumaric grass ether and flavonoid in EAEEPs. According to the results, all of the eight EAEEPs (0-200 mg x L(-1)) showed certain protective effect on NHBE cells, with statistical difference. Specifically, the total mass of EAEEP VII (89.15 mg x L(-1)) and EAEEP VIII (57.44 mg x L(-1)), which showed the strongest activity, was not the highest, while EAEEP III (132.25 mg x L(-1)) displayed the highest total mass. In the combination with the "component structure" theory, the analysis showed a significant difference in the mass structure among phenolic acid, coumaric grass ether and flavonoid in EAEEP VIII and EAEEP VIII, which were 1.0: 1. 0: 0.5 and 1.0: 1.9: 0.8, respectively. The results suggested a specific optimal "component structure" relationship may exist in EAEEP, which could provide reference for the material base study and quality control.

Bronchi , Cell Biology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Eclipta , Chemistry , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Protective Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 276-280, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235672


In order to study the chemical constituents in the water extract of the stem of Nauclea officinalis, column chromatography over D101 macroporous resin and silica gel and an automatic purification system were used to isolate and purify the chemical constituents from the extract. Nine compounds were obtained. By analysis of the physicochemical properties and spectral data, their structures were identified as naucleamide G (1), 3, 4-dimethoxyphenol-beta-D-apiofuranosyl (1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), kelampayoside A (3), 3alpha, 5alpha-tetrahydrodeoxycordifoline lactam (4), naucleamide A-10-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5), pumiloside (6), 3-epi-pumiloside (7), strictosamide (8) and vincosamide (9), separately. Among them, compound 1 is a new compound, compound 2 was found in plants of the genus Nauclea for the first time, and compounds 3 and 4 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

Camptothecin , Chemistry , Carbolines , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Indole Alkaloids , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rubiaceae , Chemistry , Vinca Alkaloids , Chemistry