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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To illustrate the effect of M1/M2 polarization of macrophages on gouty arthritis models induced with monosodium urate and reveal the molecular mechanism of total saponins from Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma to treat gouty arthritis. Method:A total of 72 male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal group, model group, total saponin group (160 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), celecoxib group (43.3 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 18 rats in each group. Gouty arthritis models were induced by injecting monosodium urate into ankle joints bilaterally. Histopathology changes of ankle joints were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. Immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the protein expression change of CD68, interleukin-4(IL-4), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>). Result:HE staining results showed that the inflammation of the model group was most obvious on the third day after modeling, and the disease was in the acute stage. On day 5, the inflammation was alleviated, and on day 8, the inflammation was still present but close to normal. The total saponin group and celecoxib group could improve the pathological changes of synovial tissue, and the effect of total saponin group was more obvious. Immunohistochemical results were as follows. Compared with the normal group. The expression of CD68 and iNOS in the model group increased on the 3rd,5th and 8th day of administration (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the total saponins group could reduce the expression of CD68 and iNOS (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01)on the 3rd day of administration, and significantly reduced them expression on the 5th and 8th days (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the normal group, IL-4 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> expression were increased in the model group when the drug was given for three days(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Total saponin group could enhance IL-4 expression(<italic>P</italic><0.05)and decreased the TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> expression(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with normal group, the expression of IL-4 in the model group decreased on the 5th and 8th day of administration (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the expression of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> in the model group decreased on the 5th day of administration(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the total saponins group could increase the expression of IL-4 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> at 5 d and 8 d after administration (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Total saponins from Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma has the potential effect to treat gouty arthritis by regulating M1/M2 polarization.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921739

ABSTRACT

Neutrophil extracellular traps(NETs) are networks of extracellular fibers primarily composed of DNA, histones, granular proteins, and cytoplasmic proteins and released to the outside of cells by neutrophils under the stimulation of bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites, etc. NETs are generated in two forms, suicidal NETs and vital NETs, according to different stimuli. NETs have both anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory effects. On the one hand, they can play the anti-microbial role to resist inflammation by capturing, fixing, and killing invading pathogens, which is a special way for neutrophils to exert host defenses. On the other hand, in case of excessive formation or insufficient elimination, they can cause tissue damage directly, and also promote the release of inflammatory factors by recruiting other pro-inflammatory cells or proteins to further expand the inflammatory response, which is related to the pathologies of many diseases. In autoimmune diseases, NETs as important sources of autoantigens, can act as danger-associated molecular patterns( DAMPs) and activate the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain leucine-rich repeats containing pyrin domain 3(NLRP3) inflammasome and complement system, thereby breaking self-tolerance and accelerating autoimmune inflammation. In addition, NETs can also activate other immune cells(such as B cells, antigen-presenting cells, and T cells) and regulate the acquired immune response. The present study reviewed the correlation of NETs with diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE), rheumatoid arthritis(RA), and gouty arthritis(GA) to reveal the effect of dynamic balance between formation and clearance of NETs in autoimmune diseases and provide a theoretical basis for the investigation of underlying mechanisms and targeted therapies of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Autoimmune Diseases , Extracellular Traps , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Neutrophils
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846162

ABSTRACT

Meridian guide theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an experience summary of pharmacologists in past dynasties, which develops together with the meridian theory, and plays a pivotal role in guiding the rational clinical application. In recent years, many researchers have been devoted to the study of meridian guide theory and have obtained some substantive progress. Based on the idea of tracing origin and seeking innovation, the theoretical origin and modern research are taken as the thread, the emergence is summarized and analyzed; And the construction and application of meridian guide theory, as well as research progress in the past five years are reviewed in this paper, with a view to provide positive help for the standardized use of meridian guide medicine, and also provide reference for the further study of the effect of meridian guide medicine.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802424

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects between crude and processed Epimedii Folium on the rats of kidney-Yang deficiency and edema, in order to discuss the mechanism. Method: The rat model of kidney-Yang edema was duplicated with hydrocortisone and doxorubicin hydrochloride. At day 1 and day 8 of modeling, the rats were injected with doxorubicin hydrochloride (3.5 mg·kg-1) via tail vein, while being intraperitoneally injected with hydrocortisone (3.75 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 15 days.After modeling,the rats were divided into model group,crude Epimedii Folium group(204.86 mg·kg-1)and processed Epimedii Folium group(204.86 mg·kg-1), and a normal control group was set up additionally.Rats in each treatment group were given the corresponding drugs,and those in normal and model groups were given the same volume of normal saline by gavage for continuous 14 days.At the end of the administration,24 h urine was measured by rat metabolic cage method; 24 h urinary protein was detected by ultraviolet spectrophotometry; the content of plasma albumin (ALB) and total serum protein (TP) were measured by an automatic biochemical analyzer; and the content of adenosine monophosphate was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), serum creatinine (SCr), serum urea(BUN), estradiol (E2), testosterone (T) indicator content were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Kidney tissues were collected to make pathological section by htoxylin eosin(HE) staining. Result: Compared with the normal group, all the indicators of appearance, biochemistry and pathological section in the model group indicated kidney Yang deficiency edema in the rats (PP2, T indicators to varying degrees(PPP2, T (PPP3, T4 and anal temperature (PPConclusion: Both crude Epimedii Folium group and processed Epimedii Folium group have certain effect in treating kidney Yang deficiency edema, and the possible mechanism is to alleviate glomerular podocyte injury induced by doxorubicin. Their emphasis in the treatment of kidney Yang deficiency edema is different. Crude Epimedii Folium has a cold property, and can treat kidney Yang deficiency edema by strengthening renal excretion function of rats with kidney Yang deficiency edema. Processed Epimedii Folium is processed with sheep oil to produce icariin and other substances, and its property changed from cold to warm, with a focus on alleviating the kidney Yang deficiency status of rats with kidney Yang deficiency edema.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802260

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Chaihu Longgu Mulitang on intestinal microflora diversity of schizophrenic model rats, and further reveal its therapeutic characteristics and mechanisms based on the 16S rRNA technique. Method:Except the normal group, male SD rats were intraperitoneally injected dizocilpine maleate with daily dose of 0.1 mg·kg-1.After the success of the model, Chaihu Longgu Mulitang high, middle and low dose groups were converted into the human clinical upper limit daily, and the experimental rats were given Chaihu Longgu Mulitang with doses of 11.2, 5.6, 2.8 g·kg-1, respectively. And the positive drug group was treated with 0.4 mg·kg-1 of risperidone tablets.The normal group and model group was treated with water.The rats were continuous administrated 14 days with dosing volume of 10 mL·kg-1, the contents in caecum of rats were taken after anesthesia.Illumina MiSeq was used as the sequencing platform, the number of operational taxonomic units(OTUs), richness and diversity indexes, diversity of alpha and beta, differential phylum and genus of intestinal flora in V4 zone of 16S rRNA were comprehensively analyzed and evaluated. Result:Chaihu Longgu Mulitang could improve the number of OTUs, richness and diversity indexes of intestinal flora, imbalance of alpha and beta diversity of schizophrenic model rats.And this formula had a callback effect on 5 differential phyla of bacteria(Bacteroidetes, Acidobacteria, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and TM7) and 20 genera of bacteria in schizophrenic model rats. Conclusion:Chaihu Longgu Mulitang plays an therapeutic effect on diversity of abnormal microflora in schizophrenic model rats, and this paper reveals the pathological mechanism of intestinal microflora in the state of schizophrenia by 16S rRNA technique.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801948

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of Scutellariae Radix on the diversity of intestinal flora in rats under physiological conditions, in order to determine the property of Scutellariae Radix property. Method: 16S rRNA high-throughput gene sequencing technique was used to detect the cecum solutes of rats treated with Scutellariae Radix (10 g·kg-1). The number, richness and diversity index of the intestinal flora taxon (OTUs) and the differential phylum and genus were comprehensively analyzed. The network visualization was used to find the correlation between differential phylum and genus. Result: Based on the Illumina Miseq platform, compared with the blank group, the number of OTUs and the index of richness and diversity of the intestinal flora of the rats treated with Scutellariae Radix decreased. Bacteroidetes and Spirochaetes were significantly up-regulated(PPPPPRuminococcus, Paraprevotella, Prevotella and Oscillospira. Conclusion: Scutellariae Radix can reduce the diversity of intestinal flora and inhibit the metabolism of the body, so its property is cold.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of Chinese herbal medicine Dioscorea nipponica for the treatment of monosodium urate crystals-induced gouty arthritis (GA) in rats.@*METHODS@#Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups: normal, model, indomethacin and three total saponin (900, 300 and 100 mg/kg) groups. The liver, kidney and serum levels of lysosomal enzymes, antioxidant capacities, and inflammatory factors were measured. In addition, the mRNA and protein levels of the NALP3 inflammasome components in the mononuclear cells of rats' peripheral blood were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting methods, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Total saponins groups could reduce the activities of β-galactosidase, β-N acetyl glucosamine enzyme, β-glucuronidase, acid phosphatase, and malonaldehyde as well as the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-8 (all P<0.05). They could also increase the activities of glutathione peroxidase and total superoxide dismutase (both P<0.05). Further studies showed that total saponins groups of high, middle and low doses could all increase the mRNA and protein levels of caspase-1, adapter apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-recruitment domain (ASC) and NALP3 in the mononuclear cells of peripheral blood (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dioscorea nipponica may treat GA by regulating lysosomal enzymes, antioxidant capacities and the NALP3 inflammasome.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773205

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to discuss the protective effect and mechanism of Acanthopanax senticosus polysaccharides( ASPs) on immunological liver injury caused by conanavalin A( Con A). BALB/c mice were randomly divided into seven groups: control group,model group( Con A),low-,medium-,and high-dose( 36. 25,72. 5,145 mg·kg~(-1)) ASPs groups,bifendate( 200 mg·kg~(-1),positive drug) group and pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate( PDTC,NF-κB inhibitor,200 mg·kg~(-1)) group. ASPs groups and bifendate group were given with corresponding drugs by ig administration once daily for 7 d. Control group,model group and PDTC group were given with normal saline by ig administration once daily for 7 d. After the last ig administration,PDTC was given in DTC group by iv administration( 200 mg·kg~(-1)); 0. 5 h after that,Con A( 20 mg·kg~(-1)) was injected via the tail vein to induce immunological liver injury in all the mice except normal control group. The mice were killed 8 h later and their liver tissues were collected for histopathological examination. The contents of nitric oxide( NO),superoxide dismutase( SOD),malondialdehyde( MDA),reduced glutathione( GSHPX),interleukin( IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor( TNF-α) in liver tissues were detected by kit assay. Western blot method was used to detect TNF-α,intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1( ICAM-1),inducible nitric oxide synthase( i NOS) and nuclear factor( NF-κB) protein expression in liver tissues. As compared with model group,ASPs not only could reduce the activity of MDA,NO,IL-1β and TNF-α,but also increase the content of GSH-PX and SOD; at the same time,the protein expression levels of TNF-α,ICAM-1,i NOS and NF-κB were reduced in liver tissues; in addition,inflammatory cell infiltration was alleviated,hepatocyte cytoplasm was loose and swollen,and nuclear condensation and staining were improved. ASPs has a protective effect on immunological liver injury,and the mechanism may be associated with regulating secretion of inflammatory cytokines and the expression of adhesion factor through NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug Therapy , Cytokines , Metabolism , Eleutherococcus , Chemistry , Liver , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Peptides, Cyclic , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Signal Transduction
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687896

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the neuro-protective effects of Acanthopanax senticosus Harms (EAS) on mesencephalic mitochondria and the mechanism of action, using a mouse model of Parkinson's disease (PD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The chemical fingerprint analysis of the extract of Acanthopanax senticosus Harms (EAS) was performed using the ultra performance liquid chromatograph and time of flight mass spectrometry. Thirty mice were randomly divided into the control group, the MPTP model group, and the EAS treated group with MPTP (MPTP+EAS group, 10 in each group). The MPTP model group and the MPTP+EAS group received MPTP-HCl (30 mg/kg i.p) once a day for 5 days. The control group received an equal volume of saline (20 mL/kg i.p) once a day for 5 days. Induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride daily (MPTP-HCl, 30 mg/kg) for 5 days, the PD mice were treated with EAS at 45.5 mg/kg daily for 20 days. The behavioral testing of mice was carried out using the pole-climbing test. The integrity and functions of neurons were examined in mesencephalic mitochondria in a PD mouse model, including nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase ubiquinone flavoprotein 2 (NDUFV2), mitochondrially encoded nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase 1 (MT-ND1), succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit A (SDHA), and succinate dehydrogenase cytochrome b560 subunit (SDHC).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment with EAS, the behavioral changes induced by MPTP were attenuated significantly (P<0.05). EAS protected the mesencephalic mitochondria from swelling and attenuated the decreases in their membrane potential (both P<0.05), which was supported by an ultra-structural level analysis. The changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS), malonic dialdehyde (MDA), oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system 4 subunits levels and PD-related proteins expressions (parkin, Pink1, DJ-1, α-synuclein, and Lrrk2) reverted to near normal levels (all P<0.05), based on the results of immune-histological and Western blotting observations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The neuro-protective effects of EAS are linked to protecting mice against MPTP-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and structural damage. Therefore, EAS is a promising candidate for the prevention or treatment of mitochondrial neurodegenerative disorders, such as PD.</p>

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690518

ABSTRACT

Urinary metabolomics combined with histological progression were utilized to evaluate the therapeutic effect of Scutellariae Radix decoction and baicalin on hepatic fibrosis (HF) and explore their mechanisms, intervention targets and metabolic pathways. HF rat model was established through subcutaneous injection of CCl₄ for 8 weeks. Meanwhile, different doses of Scutellariae Radix decoction and baicalin were administered. Histomorphology of liver tissue was observed and scored by HE and Masson. Urinary metabonomic analysis based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was made for the changes of urinary potential biomarkers among different groups at different time points of HF. Finally, it was found that Scutellariae Radix decoction could improve HF by regulating L-tryptophan, 3-methyldioxyindole, 5-hydroxyindoleacetylglycine, kynurenic acid, 4-(2-amino-3-hydroxyphenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoic acid, methylmalonic acid and L-leucine. However, baicalin could improve HF by regulating L-tryptophan, 3-methyldioxyindole, 5-hydroxyindoleacetylglycine, 4-(2-amino-3-hydroxyphenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoic acid, kynurenic acid, and methylmalonic acid. These metabolites involved in tryptophan metabolism and valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation pathways. These results indicated that Scutellariae Radix had the multi-target and multi-pathway characteristics in the treatment of HF. Additionally, low-dose Scutellariae Radix decoction and baicalin are showed better efficacies, with no statistically significant difference between them in histomorphology.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1843-1851, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780065

ABSTRACT

The Chinese herbal Radix Scrophulariae is the main medicine for nourishing yin and reducing fire. It can be used to treat hyperthyroidism due to yin deficiency and fire hyperactivity, but its mechanism is not clear. The present study was aimed to explore the mechanism of Radix Scrophulariae treatment of hyperthyroidism due to yin deficiency and fire hyperactivity. The urine metabolomic approach was conducted using the method of UPLC-TOF-MS. The results showed that Radix Scrophulariae has good therapeutic effects on hyperthyroidism rat model of yin deficiency. After treatment with Radix Scrophulariae, through metabolic profiling and protocol analysis, 6 potential metabolic markers may be closely related with the treatment mechanism of Radix Scrophulariae on this disease, including proline betaine, estrone, thymidine, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, cyclic AMP and L-dopa. The strongest metabolic pathways were associated with tryptophan metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, purine metabolism and steroid hormone biosynthesis. The urine metabolomic approach can be applied to clarify the therapeutic mechanism of Radix Scrophulariae on hyperthyroidism rat of yin deficiency, and provide the theoretical basis for the clinical practice of Radix Scrophulariae on nourishing yin to reduce pathogenic fire.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705202

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To observe the effect of Epimedium 95%ethanol elution section (E95EE) on endogenous metabolism in the urine of normal rats using methods of metabonomics, and to study whether differential expressions of biomarkers can influence different systems of the body along with various body-fluids-cycle distribution. METHODS SD rats were randomly divided into blank control group and E95EE group(10 rats per group). The rats of E95EE group were ig administered with E95EE 17.1 g · L-1, once daily, for 20 d, while those of normal control group were ig given an equal volume of saline. On the day of the final E95EE administration, the urine of 12 h was collected for analysis by UPLC-TOF/MS. RESULTS This study identified nine differential endogenous metabolites (3-sn-phos-phatidate, 5, 10-methenyltetrahydrofolate, l-1-phosphatidylethanolamine, 1-acyl-glycerone 3-phosphate, N-formimidoyl-l-glutamate, keto-oxaloacetate, sulfurous acid, formyl-N-acetyl-5-methoxykynurenamin and N-acetyl-5-hydroxytryptamine) and six primary metabolic pathways [glycerophospholipid metabolism, vitamin A (retinol) metabolism, histidine degradation, tryptophan metabolism, acetyl-CoA biosynthesis from citrate, glycolysis and gluconeogenesis]. The possible role of protection of E95EE discovered in the nervous and cardiovascular systems was displayed by the decreased level of 3-sn-phosphatidate and an increased level of N-formimidoyl-l-glutamate. However, the possible toxicity of E95EE on neoplastic prevention was achieved by reducing the level of l-1-phosphatidylethanolamine and 5,10-methenyl tetra-hydrofolate. CONCLUSION E95EE can produce both protection and toxicity on nervous, cardiovascular and immune systems, as well as on tumor-associated diseases. The mechanisms may be related to metabolic pathways of triglycerides, vitamin A, tryptophane and histidines.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of tamoxifen on proliferation,migration and invasion of human thyroid papillary carcinoma BCPAP cells.Methods:Human thyroid papillary carcinoma BCPAP cells were treated with various concentrations of tamoxifen for 24 hours,respectively,CCK8 assay was used to detect the change of proliferation level;It can be divided into four groups:negative group,10 μmol/L TAM group and 20 μmol/L TAM group.Wound healing test was used to detect the change of migration ability and Transwell assay was used to detect the change of invasion ability.The protein levels of bcl-2 and C-myc in the BCPAP cells treated with various concentrations of tamoxifen were detected by Western blot.Results:CCK8 assay,wound healing test and Transwell assay showed that tamoxifen had induced a dose-dependent decrease in the proliferation,migration and invasion of human thyroid papillary carcinoma BCPAP cells.Furthermore,western blot demonstrated that the tamoxifen decreased the expression of bcl-2 and C-myc in BAPAP cells.Conclusions Tamoxifen can inhibit proliferation,migration and invasion of human thyroid papillary carcinoma BCPAP cells.We speculated that the inhibition of proliferation maybe related to down-regulation of bcl-2 and C-myc expression.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256066

ABSTRACT

To explore the prevention and protection effect of Diosocorea nipponica (DNM)) on acute gouty arthritis (AGA) rats based on liver metabonomics, and find potential biomarkers and related pathways. AGA model rats were induced by monosodium urate crystal suspension. UPLC-TOF-MS coupled with pattern recognition technique was employed to find out the potential biomarkers and related metabolic pathways. Eleven common potential biomarkers were identified. Among the potential intervention targets in normal rats given by DNM, 4 biomarkers were up-regulated, and the other 4 targets were down regulated. Among the potential intervention targets in AGA rats given by DNM, 5 metabolites were up-regulated by MSU and 5 metabolites were down regulated. The abnormal expression levels of adenosine monophosphate, 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid, oxidized glutathione, hypoxanthine, docosahexaenoic acid, glutathione, uridine diphosphate glucose and inosine could be corrected by DNM extract. Three pathways were founded with greatest correlation, including purine metabolism, starch and sucrose metabolism and glutathione metabolism. Therefore, it could be inferred that D. nipponica has the effect for anti-acute gouty arthritis by intervening endogenous metabolites from the liver under physiological condition and acute gouty arthritis condition.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286328

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Baichanting Compound (BC) on dopamine (DA) in striatum of Parkinson's disease (PD) mice, and to screen the optimal component proportion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The PD model was established in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) induced C57BL/6 mice. By using uniform design, they were intervened by three extracts of BC in different proportions [Acanthopanax senticosus extract (X1): white peony root extract (X2): Uncaria rhynchophylla extract (X3) = 30.00: 34.92: 82.50, 48.00: 19.98: 72.19, 18.00: 44.88: 61.88, 36.00: 29.94: 51.56, 54.00: 15.00: 41.25, 24.00: 39.90: 30.94, 42.00: 24.96: 20.63). Equal volume of 5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium was administered to mice in the model group and the normal group by gastrogavage. All medication was lasted for 20 successive days. The dopamine (DA) content was determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS). Except 10 in the normal group, 20 PD model mice were screened and divided into the model group and the BC group (with the optimal proportion) according to random digit table. BC extract in optimal proportion was administered to mice in the BC group by gastrogavage, while equal volume of 5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium was administered to mice in the model group and the normal group by gastrogavage. All medication was lasted for 20 successive days. Praxiology was observed in each group. DA content in striatum was also detected. Results Compared with the normal group, the DA content in striatum decreased significantly in the model group (P < 0.01), suggesting a successful PD modeling. Compared with the model group, the DA content in striatum increased significantly in 1 and 2 groups (P<0.05). According to results of quadratic polynomial stepwise regression statistics, the regression equation obtained was: Y = 0.265 + 0.026 X 2 - 0.056 X 3 + 0.334 x 10(-3) x X1 x X3 + 0.691 x 10(-3) X X3(2). X3 extract was the main factor influencing the effectiveness (P < 0.01). The optimal proportion of BC was predicted by the regression equation: X1 = 54.00 mg/(kg x d), X2 = 44.88 mg/(kg x d), the X3 = 82.50 mg/(kg x d). The pole climbing time was shortened, times of autonomic activities increased, DA content was elevated, all with statistical difference in BC groups (P < 0.01, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BC could increase DA content in PD model mice with the optimal proportion as 54.00: 44.88: 82.50.</p>


Subject(s)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine , Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Dopamine , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Mass Spectrometry , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Motor Activity , Parkinson Disease , Drug Therapy , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686502

ABSTRACT

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a common degenerative disease of central nervous system. Brain mitochondrial dysfunction and structural damage are the important pathogeny of PD. At present, many of Chinese herbal compounds, herbal medicines, and TCM active ingredients are used to prevent and treat PD. The main mechanisms of these medicines are involved in the protection of mitochondrial structure, anti-oxidative stress, anti-calcium dysregulation, mitigation of excitotoxicity, and anti-apoptosis, etc., which also play a comprehensive role through multi-link, multi-level, and multi-target. Through looking up the recent representative literature, the experimental results of Chinese herbal compounds and TCM active ingredients preventing and treating PD through repairing brain mitochondrial structure and function were analyzed and inducted. Many of Chinese herbal compounds and TCM active ingredients were proved to have good effects on PD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351220

ABSTRACT

To study the potential effect of Dioscorea nipponica(DN) in intervening peripheral system of rats based on metabolomic analysis. The identification of the potential intervention targets of DN in peripheral system may facilitate its safe application and therapeutic potential exploitation. Totally 20 male SD rats were randomly divided into the blank group and the DN-treated groups, with 10 rates in each group. The DN-treated group was orally administrated with DN extracts once a day for 5 days, with the dose of 80 mg x kg(-1) (equivalent to 15 g crude drug in human), and the blank group was given equal volume of saline once a day for 5 days. Heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney tissues and serum samples were collected from each rat 24 h later after the last administration. The ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight-mass spectrometry based metabolomics was used to investigate the effect of DN in intervening peripheral system of rats. After the treatment with DN, 5 modulated metabolites in heart tissue, 6 in liver tissue, 5 in spleen tissue, 3 in lung tissue, 5 in kidney tissue and 6 in serum sample were identified and considered as the potential intervention targets of DN. Effect of DN in regulating some endogenous metabolites was beneficial for protecting peripheral system, while that in other endogenous metabolites produced potential toxicity to peripheral system. The metabolomic analysis revealed the coexistence of protective and toxic effects of DN on peripheral system, which may be a practical guidance for its safe application and beneficial to the expansion of its application scope.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dioscorea , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Heart , Kidney , Chemistry , Metabolism , Liver , Chemistry , Metabolism , Lung , Chemistry , Metabolism , Male , Metabolomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spleen , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297421

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of total saponins from Rhizoma Dioscoreae nipponicae (RDN) on the expression of stroma cell derived factor 1 (SDF1) and IKB kinase (IKK) in rIL-1beta induced fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>FLS were primarily cultured and the 3rd generation log phase growth FLS were divided into the normal control group, the model group, and the medication group. 10 microg/L rIL-1beta was used to induce the proliferation of FLS in the model group.10 microg/L rIL-1beta and 100 microg/L RDN were administered to co-incubate FLS in the medication group. No treatment was given to FLS in the normal control group. Expression levels of SDF1 and IkapaB kinase proteins (p-IKK) were detected using Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Expression levels of SDF1 and p-IKK increased significantly higher in the model group than in the normal control group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, expression levels of SDF-1 and p-IKK significantly decreased in the medication group (P <0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Total saponins from RDN could inhibit the activation of both SDF1 and p-IKK. It might further regulate the expression of IKB kinase by regulating the expression of SDF1.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Chemokine CXCL12 , Metabolism , Dioscorea , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Epithelial Cells , Fibroblasts , Humans , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Saponins , Metabolism , Synovial Membrane , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279236

ABSTRACT

With the development of the quality of life, the morbidity of hyperuricemia is increasing year by year. At the same time, it appears that this disease attacks the young people currently. As the study of pathogenesis of hyperuricemia advanced, a series of uric acid transporters were found during this process. Meanwhile, the definition of transporterome was proposed. They were divided into three groups according to the functions: reabsorption proteins, excretion proteins and skeleton proteins. At moment, the drugs for hyperuricmia mainly include uric acid composition inhibitors and uric acid excretion promoters. Since the excretion of uric acid plays a leading role during the process of attack of hyperurecimia, it makes sense to explore Chinese medicines with clear mechanism targeting the transporterome. Therefore, this paper would focus on transporterome and summarize the mechanisms of Chinese medicines in treating hyperuricemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Transport , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Hyperuricemia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Uric Acid , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680239

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of arthroscopically assisted percutaneous reduction and internal fixation with eannulated screws.Methods The fracture was reduced by closed manipulation or percutaneous leverage force by using the Kirschner wire.Then the patella was temporarily fixed by using a large size towel clamp or Kirschner wires.Under the guidance of knee arthroscopy,a micro-incision was made at the size of cannulated screw placement,the pilot holes were drilled at a proper depth,and the thread was configured.Two titanium screws were inserted parallelly.Results Following-up chekups for 4~24 months in 18 cases showed a satisfactory recovery of knee functions.According to the Bostman' standard,excellent effects were obtained in 16 cases and good effects in 2 cases.Conclusion Treatment of patellar fractures by percutaneous cannulated screw fixation under arrhroscope of- fered advantages of minimal invasion,accurate reduction,reliable fixation,and excellent recovery of joint functions.

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