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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1909-1917, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780274


We evaluated the effects of Danggui-Chuanxiong (GX) herb pair with different proportions (1∶0, 3∶2, 1∶1, 2∶3, 0∶1) and preparation methods (water extract W, alcohol extract A, and water-alcohol extracts WA) on vasoactive substances and endothelial cell adhesion molecules in the serum of acute blood stasis in rats. An acute blood stasis model was co-replicated by ice water bath and subcutaneous injection of epinephrine hydrochloride in rats. The expressions of vasoactive substances (arachidonic acid metabolites, coagulation-fibrin system index) and adhesion molecules in the serum were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay method; the Spearman method was used to analyze the correlation of those detection indicators; the partial least squares-discriminant analysis and multi-attribute comprehensive index method were used to comprehensively evaluate the total effect of GX herb pair samples with different proportions and preparation methods on vasoactive substances and adhesion molecules. The experimental scheme was approved by the Animal Experimental Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine. The results showed that GX 1∶1_WA had the strongest effect on the improvement of vasoactive substances and adhesion molecules in the serum of acute blood stasis in rats (the total effect value was 6.96). When extraction method was same, the overall effect of GX 1∶1 had better effect than that of other proportions; when the proportion of GX was same, the total effects of GX_WA and GX_A were better than GX_W. The combination of Danggui and Chuanxiong can significantly improve the expressions of vasoactive substances and adhesion molecules in the serum of blood stasis in rats. But the action strength of GX herb pairs was different when the proportions and preparations of GX herb pair were different. These findings provide a basis for clinical rational application of GX herb pair, and lay the foundation for in-depth research on GX herb pair for treatment of blood stasis related diseases.

International Eye Science ; (12): 1044-1047, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740524


@#AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with trifocal intraocular lens(IOL)implantation.<p>METHODS:From September 2016 to November 2017, 42 cases(59 eyes)of cataract patients receiving trifocal IOL implantation in Shanxi Eye Hospital were retrospectively enrolled in this study. Moreover, the visual and refractive outcomes, defocus curve, refractive stability, high order aberrations, patient satisfaction, and spectacle independence were evaluated at 1wk, 1mo, 3mo and 6mo after surgery, respectively.<p>RESULTS: All patients had attained good visual acuity of >0.1 LogMAR at different distances during the follow-up period; besides, the visual acuity at each distance was remarkably higher compared with that before surgery(<i>P</i><0.05). The defocus curve had displayed no significant decrease between 0D to -2.5D at 6mo postoperatively, with the visual acuity better than 0.8. At 6mo postoperatively, 63%(37 eyes)eyes had a spherical equivalent(SE)of ±0.25D, and 88%(52 eyes)eyes had a SE of ±0.50D. The incidences of high order aberrations, coma, spherical aberration and trefoil of all eyes were evidently lower than those before surgery, and the difference was statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with trifocal IOL implantation can provide patient with a comfortable and natural full-range vision, which can greatly improve the postoperative satisfaction of patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773147


In the present study,non-targeted metabolomics technique was used to screen potentially susceptibility biomarkers in patients with mild liver function abnormalities during long-term use of Chinese herbal compound. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,we collected 7 cases of patients with abnormal liver function during the period of complete taking Chinese herbal medicine( 60 days),and 18 cases of patients with normal liver function in re-examination from the reproductive medicine center in our hospital. Ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF/MS~E) technique combined with Progenesis QI software was used to analyze the differential biomarkers in serum of patients with wild liver function abnormalities and normal liver function. 11 potential biomarkers such as bilirubin,pantothenic acid,hippuric acid,sphingomyelin,palmitic acid,and oleic acid were tentatively identified. Metabolic disorders in patients with herbal-induced mild liver abnormality were mainly related to two pathways: pantothenic acid and coenzyme A biosynthesis and linoleic acid metabolism. It could provide a reference for the early warning of mild liver function abnormalities of patients that may be caused by long-term use of Chinese medicine compound in clinical application,and will lay a foundation for further understanding the endogenous substance changes in different levels of liver injury.

Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Liver Diseases , Blood , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690700


To establish HPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of 14 toxic or active components in Fuzi formula granules, and further analyze the quality consistency of 29 batches of formula granules by considering the cluster analysis (CA), principal component analysis (PCA), and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and other chemometrics methods. Phenomenonex Gemini C18 column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid solution (A) -acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase. The mass spectrum was scanned by ESI⁺ multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The contents of aconitine, mesaconitine, hypaconitine, Indaconitine, benzoylaconine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylhypaconitine, aconine, fuziline, neoline, talatisamine, songorine, higenamine and salsoline were determined. The results showed that 14 compounds had a good linear relationship within their respective concentration range (R²>0.990 0). The limit of quantification was 2.07-7.71 mg·L⁻¹, and the average recovery was 96.07%-102.2%. The content determination results demonstrated that all batches of Fuzi formula granules had very low hypertoxic ingredients and high safety, while the content of active ingredients was greatly different. CA and PCA results showed that there were significant differences in the formula granules between two manufacturers; even though the different batches of samples from the same manufacturer had certain differences, but the difference in manufacturer A was less than that of B. Further PLS-DA showed that the content of cardiotonic substance salsola in the formula granules from manufacturer A was generally higher, while the contents of analgesic and anti-inflammatory substances benzoylmesaconitine and fuziline were generally lower than those in the products from manufacturer B. In conclusion, the safety of Fuzi formula granules was assured well, but the consistency needed to be improved. We recommend that all manufacturers establish strict standard for decoctions in the production process, and form a unified standard method to produce better Fuzi formula granules.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690683


Naoxintong capsule (NXTC) is an oral Chinese preparation produced by modern technology, derived from the classic preparation of Buyang Huanwu decoction which was recorded by WANG Qing-ren (Qing dynasty) in Yilingaicuo Juanxia Tanweilun. NXTC is composed of 16 herbs including insect herbs and some blood circulation herbs, with the effects of supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation, dispersing blood stasis and dredging collaterals. In clinical application, it is mainly used for stroke, cerebral infarction, vascular dementia, ischemic cerebrovascular disease, transient ischemic attack, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, ischemic cardiomyopathy, diabetic cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, chronic heart failure, chronic complications of diabetes, essential hypertension, hyperlipidemia and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and has achieved good therapeutic effect on above diseases or their concurrent diseases. Its clinical efficacy is mainly achieved through the improvement in related links of brain protection, neuroprotection, cardioprotection, hemorheology, et al. Nearly 200 chemical constituents identified in NXTC are important pharmacological basis for its functions. At present, however, most of its pharmacological basic researches are focused on plant herbs, and the three kinds of insect herbs remain to be further studied. The researches on clinical effectiveness are more comprehensive; the safety study of long-term application in real world is ongoing by our team, and its results are yet to be published after finishing the study. Through the systematic and comprehensive combing and elaboration of the research progresses on the chemical compositions, pharmacological action and clinical application of NXTC, it can provide a reference for the in-depth study of this preparation, with a great significance for the quality control, secondary development and internationalization promotion of NXTC.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712969


[Objective] To explore the relationship between laterality of auditory brainstem response and speech comprehension in children with autism spectrum disorders preliminarily.[Method] Review hearing diagnosis data in clinical audiology center from September 2013 to August 2015.We compare auditory brainstem responses in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD group) and with other disorders (control group),and we further divide children with autism spectrum disorders into two groups (high ability group and low ability group) in terms of their speech comprehension and compare their auditory brainstem responses.[Result] The latencies of waves Ⅲ and Ⅴ,and interpeak latencies Ⅰ to Ⅲ and Ⅰ to Ⅴ of the ASD were significantly prolonged than the control group.And the laterality of waves Ⅲ and Ⅴ,and interpeak latencies Ⅰ to Ⅲ and Ⅰ to Ⅴ present in the ASD group,but not in the control group.Meanwhile,the laterality of waves Ⅲ and Ⅴ,and interpeak latencies Ⅰ to Ⅲ and Ⅰ to Ⅴ present in the high ability group,but not in the low ability group.[Conclusion] Laterality was not a common phenomenon in auditory brainstem response,and it may be associated with the development of speech comprehension in children with autism spectrum disorders.