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1.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 150-153, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816844

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and improve the clinical treatment of prostatic small-cell carcinoma (PSCC).@*METHODS@#We reported 2 cases of PSCC derived from prostate cancer after treated by androgen blockade and prostate electrotomy and reviewed the relevant literature.@*RESULTS@#Two patients with PSA elevation were diagnosed with prostate cancer by prostatic puncture biopsy and treated by maximum androgen blockade, which reduced their total PSA to the normal level. Later, due to difficult urination, they both underwent prostate electrotomy, followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy for PSCC confirmed by postoperative pathology. Nevertheless, they died at 8 to 9 months after the discovery of PSCC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PSCC can derive from prostate cancer after treatment, which may be attributed to the pathological mutation induced by long-term endocrine therapy. PSCC is more malignant than prostate cancer, and its prognosis is poor.

2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 452-454, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812743

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical diagnosis and treatment of seminal vesicle cyst (SVC) associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis (Zinner syndrome) in order to promote the understanding of the disease.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data about 1 case ofZinner syndrome diagnosed and treated in our hospital and reviewed the literature related to this disease in domestic and foreign authoritative databases.@*RESULTS@#The patient was a 23-year-old male, diagnosed with Zinner syndrome, treated bytransrectal aspiration of SVC, and discharged from hospital 3 days postoperatively. Follow-upat 6 months after discharge found that the patient no longer felt perineal discomfort in the endstage of urination, but transrectal ultrasonography of the prostate revealedthe samevolume of fluid in the left seminal vesicles as before,which indicated recurrence.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SVC associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis can be considered asZinner syndrome. Transrectal aspiration of SVCcan relieve the local symptoms of the patient but relapse may easilyoccur. Therefore it is not recommended as the first-choice treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Cysts , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Genital Diseases, Male , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Perineum , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seminal Vesicles , Diagnostic Imaging , Solitary Kidney , Syndrome , Ultrasonography , Young Adult
3.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 603-606,610, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661624

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of epidemic hemorrhagic fever (EHF) in Chinese PLA, and to provide scientific evidence for its prevention and control in military troops .Methods Surveillance data from January 1991 to July 2016 and articles of EHF about PLA were collected and analysed .Results A total of 23 EHF outbreaks were reported by articles in PLA and 17 outbreaks were reported in Northeast , predominant of all reported area and accounting for 73.91%( P <0.01).1666 cases and 12 outbreaks were reported by the system of army epidemic situation inspection information administration and army public health emergencies and infectious disease reporting information from January 1991 to July 2016 , with downward trend of overall incidence , which distributed 734 cases in North China and accounted for 46%(P<0.01).The number of male patients is more than the female (P<0.01).The number of soldier patients is obviously increased compared with the officer (P<0.05).Camp is the most infected place(P<0.05). Conclusion The occurrence of EHF become stable in the PLA , which showed significant difference in gender , occupation categories and infected regions was found .Monitoring should be straightened and comprehensive prevention and control measures should be developed to enhance the ability and level to prevent and control the EHF in high epidemic area in PLA .

4.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 603-606,610, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658705

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of epidemic hemorrhagic fever (EHF) in Chinese PLA, and to provide scientific evidence for its prevention and control in military troops .Methods Surveillance data from January 1991 to July 2016 and articles of EHF about PLA were collected and analysed .Results A total of 23 EHF outbreaks were reported by articles in PLA and 17 outbreaks were reported in Northeast , predominant of all reported area and accounting for 73.91%( P <0.01).1666 cases and 12 outbreaks were reported by the system of army epidemic situation inspection information administration and army public health emergencies and infectious disease reporting information from January 1991 to July 2016 , with downward trend of overall incidence , which distributed 734 cases in North China and accounted for 46%(P<0.01).The number of male patients is more than the female (P<0.01).The number of soldier patients is obviously increased compared with the officer (P<0.05).Camp is the most infected place(P<0.05). Conclusion The occurrence of EHF become stable in the PLA , which showed significant difference in gender , occupation categories and infected regions was found .Monitoring should be straightened and comprehensive prevention and control measures should be developed to enhance the ability and level to prevent and control the EHF in high epidemic area in PLA .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328230

ABSTRACT

Authors raised that staging based strategies and practice of integrative medicine (IM) by combining syndrome typing and disease identification, and choosing suitable measures in accordance with different persons and seasonal conditions after more than ten years' clinical practice and researches. Radical operation as prior (as evil eliminating) and strengthening vital qi in perioerative period are best strategy for promoting rapid rehabilitation of early stage prostate cancer patients. Strengthening body resistance to eliminate evil was used in treating advanced prostate cancer patients. For example, a comprehensive treatment program for hormone-dependent patients was combined with endocrinotherapy and Chinese herbs for synergisic efficacy-enhancing actions. In this way, these patients' quality of life (QOL) were improved and time to castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) was delayed, even some patients were clinically cured. There are lack of effective medicines and methods for CRPC patients. Greatly tonifying original qi is mainly used for improving their clinical symptoms and prolonging survivals. Practice has proved staging based strategies and practice of IM has favorable advantages in treating prostate cancer, especially showing prospect in prolonging survival and postponing progression of advanced prostate cancer patients. Besides, it also could provide beneficial considerations and inspiration for combination of syndrome typing and disease identification.


Subject(s)
Disease Progression , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasm Staging , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant , Diagnosis , Quality of Life
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 539-543, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309675

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Shenfu Injection (SF) on the apoptosis of prostate cancer PC-3 cells and its possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We divided prostate cancer PC-3 cells into a blank control group and three experimental groups, the latter treated with SF at 50, 100, and 200 microl/ml, respectively, for 24, 48, and 72 hours. Then we determined the proliferation of the cells by MTT assay, measured their apoptosis by Annexin V/PI flow cytometry, and detected the expression of P53 mRNA by RT-qPCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the blank control group, the survival rates of the prostate cancer PC-3 cells in the 50, 100, and 200 microl/ml SF groups were (93.76 +/- 2.63)%, (81.21 +/- 1.80)% and (18.01 +/- 3.84)% at 24 hours, (94.67 +/-1.11)%, (78.33 +/- 2.89)% and (10.34 +/- 1.44)% at48 hours, and (91.30 +/- 0.47)%, (36.67 +/- 1.56)% and (1.33 +/- 0.32)% at 72 hours, all significantly increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P < 0.05). The expression of p53 mRNA was also markedly increased in all the three experimental groups at 48 hours (P < 0. 05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SF can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of PC-3 cells, which may due to its upregulation of the p53 mRNA expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 159-162, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256943

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of short-course kidney-invigorating therapy on near-term semen quality in asthenozoospermic men with kidney deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the differential types in traditional Chinese medicine, 121 asthenozoospermia patients received at our clinic of andrology were divided into groups A (kidney-yin deficiency), B (kidney-yang deficiency) and C (spleen and kidney deficiency), and treated with Yougui Decoction plus Wuziyanzong Pills, Jinkuishenqi Pills plus Wuziyanzong Pills, and Shizi Decoction plus Liujunzi Decoction, respectively, all given once daily for 4 weeks. Sperm parameters of the patients were analyzed with the computer-assisted sperm analysis system before and after treatment and compared among the three groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The baseline sperm concentrations in groups A, B and C ([70.4 +/- 38.6], [73.5 +/- 40.2] and [56.0 +/-34.4] x 10(6)/ml) showed no significant differences from those after medication ([74.4 +/- 32.6], [67.0 +/- 30.8] and [58.6 +/- 24.6] x 10(6)/ml) (P > 0.05). The percentages of grade a sperm in the three groups were (12.9 +/- 5.3)%, (13.7 +/- 7.7)% and (12.9 +/- 6.4)% respectively after treatment, significantly higher than (9.9 +/- 6.7)%, (9.3 +/- 5.4)% and (9.0 +/- 6.8)% before treatment (P < 0.05), and so were the percentages of grade a + b sperm ([37.4 +/- 10.2 ]%, [35.7 +/- 13.7]% and [35.9 +/- 12.3]% after treatment versus [29.6 +/- 13.2]%, [27.5 +/- 10.4]% and [28.3 +/- 12.1]% before treatment, P < 0.05). All the three groups showed significantly increased sperm motility after treatment ([53.8 +/- 10.5]%, [52.6 +/- 15.2]% and [51.1 +/- 13.1]%) as compared with the baseline levels ([44.3 +/- 14.0]%, [43.5 +/- 15.0]% and [42.4 +/- 14.9]%) (P < 0.05). The cure rate and total effectiveness rate were significantly higher in group B than in A (P < 0.05), but had no significant differences between either A and C or B and C (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Short-course kidney-invigorating therapy can significantly improve near-term semen quality in asthenozoospermic men with kidney asthenia, especially in those with kidney-yang deficiency, and it has no obvious adverse effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthenozoospermia , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Oligospermia , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Phytotherapy , Semen Analysis , Yang Deficiency , Young Adult
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1075-1077, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256973

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the management of incidental prostate cancer after TURP by laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between April 2005 and December 2011, we treated 4 cases of incidental prostate cancer with p504s (+) by LRP, 1 at 3 mon, while the other 3 at 1.5 mon after TURP.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The operations were successfully performed in all the 4 cases, all by extraperitoneal approach. Postoperative pathology showed prostate cancer in 2 of the cases with Gleason scores of 6-7, high-level epithelial neoplasia in 1, and no malignancy in the other. Postoperative observation and 1-79 mon follow-up visit revealed good urinary function but no obvious urinary incontinence, metastasis and erectile dysfunction.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>With practiced laparoscopic skills, laparoscopic radical prostatectomy may achieve satisfactory results in the treatment of incidental prostate cancer after TURP.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Incidental Findings , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatectomy , Methods , Prostatic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 876-878, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232048

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical effects of perioperative treatment by integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine on postoperative parameters of TURP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Jun. 2002 to Oct. 2006, 238 cases of TURP were performed in our hospital, of whom, 179 (Group A) were treated by integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine, and the other 59 (Group B) by Western medicine. The postoperative parameters of the 2 groups were recorded and compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Postoperative catheter indwelling, hospital stay, Q(max) 4 w after TURP and incidence of bacteriuria (> 5 d) showed no significant difference (P > 0.05), while the incidence rates of overactive bladder and urgent urinary incontinence, hematuria time, dysuria time, IPSS score and QOL score 4 w after TURP were statistically different between the 2 groups (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For TURP patients, perioperative treatment by integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine can reduce postoperative complications, increase the success rate of surgery and improve QOL score.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Methods , Combined Modality Therapy , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Middle Aged , Perioperative Care , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279587

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To serially observe the pathologic changes in livers of tree shrews and macaca assamensises infected with HHBV.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>10 adult tree shrews and 28 macaca assamensises were inoculated with HBV rich human sera. The liver of the animals were regularly biopsied. The liver samples were examined histopathologically by HE staining. Some samples were stained for HBsAg by immunohistochemistry (IH), and HBV DNA by in situ hybridization (ISH).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HBsAg in 80% of tree shrews infected with HHBV can be detected by IH, HBV DNA in 50% of those can be found by ISH.The positive rates of HBsAg in macaca assamensises' livers were 25% by IH, none HBV DNA was detected.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The tree shrew model seems to be applicable for the research of human hepatitis B.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Hepatitis B , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Virology , Hepatitis B virus , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Humans , Liver , Pathology , Virology , Macaca , Male , Tupaiidae
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281844

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine sensitivity of the tree shrews and Macaca assamensis to human hepatitis B virus (HHBV) by serologic methods.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 233 tree shrews and 28 Macaca assamensis were inoculated with human sera containing HBV. After inoculation, the sera were collected weekly from them and HBV markers were detected with HBV ditecting ELISA kits.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ninety percent of the tree shrews developed acute infection, among them, 44.4 % persisted for over one year, 33.3% of them developed chronic infection persisted for 2 years and one month; the persistence of HBV in Macaca assamensis was much shorter.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These data clearly indicated that tree shrew may be used as an animal model for study of chronic HBV infection, whereas, Macaca assamensis, showed only a transient sensitivity to HHBV.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Hepatitis B , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Humans , Macaca , Male , Tupaiidae
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