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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879055

ABSTRACT

The rat everted intestinal sac model was adopted to investigate the absorption of total flavonoids from Coreopsis tinctoria in different intestinal segments. Cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside, chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, iso-okanin, marein and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid which as the major chemical components of total flavonoids from C. tinctoria were selec-ted as the study objects to evaluate the absorption characteristics of each component in different intestinal segments. The results showed that the absorption of seven components of total flavonoids at different intestinal segments was in consistent with zero order absorption rate. The K_a of chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, isookanin and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid increased with increasing of concentration of total flavonoids(P<0.05), indicating that the intestinal absorption of these five components was passive transport. The K_a of cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside and marein showed a weak concentration dependence, suggesting that the absorption of them may be an positive and passive co-existing mode. The result of absorption in different intestinal segments showed that cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside, chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, marein and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid were mainly absorbed in ileum, while isookanin was mainly absorbed in jejunum. The total flavonoids of C. tinctoria are selectively absorbed in intestinal tract, the rat everted intestinal sac model can be used to evaluate the multi-component intestinal absorption characteristics of total flavonoids from C. tinctoria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chlorogenic Acid , Coreopsis , Flavonoids , Intestinal Absorption , Plant Extracts , Rats
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773079

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical features of the recurrence of idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(IBPPV)patients.Patients with IBPPV were enrolled and were followed-up for 36 months after being well controlled.The data of the patients including age,gender,and co-morbidities(hypertension,diabetes,hyperlipidemia)were analyzed.Characteristics of the patients with recurrent BPPV were compared with those without recurrence.Two hundred and one patients were enrolled and twenty-two(10.9%)patients presented recurrent IBPPV within 36 months.Among them,about 16% showed changes in the involved semicircular canals.50% recurrence occurred within 6 months after the first treatment.The recurrence rate of BPPV in 50-60 years old patients(50%)is higher than other patients(P=0.04).No significant difference in terms of gender or co-morbidities(hypertension,diabetes,hyperlipidemia)was observed between the two groups.The incidence of recurrence in idiopathic BPPV patients was 10.9%in the present study.The mean period of 50% recurrence after a symptom-free interval was about 6 months.Furthermore,different semicircular canals were involved in about 50% of patients during recurrence.BPPV recurrence was not correlated with age,gender or co-morbiditie.


Subject(s)
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Diagnosis , Comorbidity , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Hypertension , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Semicircular Canals
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812472

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to investigate the effects of start codon of nosM on the biosynthesis of nosiheptide. Target genes were amplified by overlap PCR. After homologous recombination to construct engineered strains, nosiheptide production was analyzed by HPLC. Three mutants with different start codon of nosM were constructed, and nosiheptide production of each mutant was analyzed and compared. Replacement of the start codon of nosM significantly decreased the production of nosiheptide. In conclusion, start codon usage could greatly affect the biosynthetic efficiency in the biosynthetic gene cluster of nosiheptide.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Codon, Initiator , Escherichia coli , Genes, Bacterial , Mutation , Streptomyces , Genetics , Metabolism , Thiazoles , Metabolism
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4259-4263, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339860

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Venous thromboembolism is known to be an important social and health care problem because of its high incidence among patients who undergo surgery. Studies on the mechanical prophylaxis of thromboembolism after gynaecological pelvic surgery are few. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of mechanical thromboembolism prophylaxis after gynaecological pelvic surgery using a combination of graduated compression stockings (GCS) and intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) or GCS alone.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study was performed on 108 patients who were randomly assigned to two groups. The first group received GCS before the operation and IPC during the operation (IPC + GCS group). The second group received GCS before the operation (GCS group). To analyze the effect of the preventive measures and the laboratory examination on the incidence of thrombosis and to compare the safety of these measures, the incidence of adverse reactions was assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The morbidity associated with DVT was 4.8% (5/104) in the IPC + GCS group and 12.5% (14/112) in the GCS group. There were significant statistical differences between the two groups. There were no adverse effects in either group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The therapeutic combination of GCS and IPC was more effective than GCS alone for thrombosis prevention in high-risk patients undergoing gynaecological pelvic surgery, and there were no adverse effects in either group.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Humans , Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Devices , Male , Middle Aged , Pelvis , General Surgery , Stockings, Compression , Thromboembolism , Venous Thrombosis
5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 193-195, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239288

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical characteristics and responsible agents of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in pediatric patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-one cases of DILI treated in our hospital's pediatric ward were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical data for each patient were extracted from the patient's medical records, and included reported causes, physical and biochemical features, natural history, blood examination results, and hepatic pathology findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 31 pediatric cases of DILI accounted for 1.7% of the 1831 total cases of drug-induced liver injury treated at our hospital between February 2002 to June 2011. The pediatric DILI population was composed of 20 males and 11 females, with an average age of 8.8+/-3.9 years old (range, 0.3-14.0). The liver injury patterns represented among the cases were: hepatocellular (25.8%), cholestasis (25.8%), and mixed hepatocellular-cholestatic (48.4%). Antimicrobials were the most common cause (41.9%) of DILI, followed by the herbal medicine (29.0%) and febrifuge drugs (19.4%). A single drug was implicated in nine cases (29.0%), and two or more drugs were implicated in 22 cases (71%). Most of the children had good prognosis, but those with pre-existing disease had poor prognosis. One child died of hepatic failure, making the death rate 3.23%. The average hospitalization time was 25.2 days, and the patients with hepatocellular injury had shorter hospitalization time than those with mixed injury.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Drug-induced liver injury in our pediatric population was most often caused by antimicrobials, followed by herbal medicine and febrifuge drugs. Most patients presented with mixed hepatocellular-cholestatic injury. Children with pre-existing diseases or hepatic failure had poor prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Diagnosis , Pathology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-840638

ABSTRACT

The brain structural imaging changes in patients with post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and the related research progress are reviewed. It is elucidated that the volume decrease and the density reductions of gray and white matters in PTSD patients are mainly manifested as the imaging changes of the hippocampus, callus, and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). The imaging change of callus is characteristic in PTSD patients. The image structure analyses of the white matter and gray matter are the current frontiers and strategic trends of PTSD-related research. Meanwhile, it is pointed out that the relationship between PTSD and brain structure imaging is a problem needs to be urgently solved.

7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 681-684, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232086

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-gamma) on the sperm acrosin activity and the rate of acrosome reaction and to probe into their mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six nearly normal semen samples were treated with IFN-gamma and/or TNF-alpha after isolated by 75% Percoll. The sperm acrosin activity was tested by the method of BAEE/ADH Unity, the rate of acrosome reaction observed by Triple-stain technique, the NO concentration measured by HPLC and the activities of Na+ -K+ -ATPase, Ca2+ -ATPase and SOD assayed by kit method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both IFN-gamma and TNF-gamma could decrease sperm acrosin activity and acrosome reaction (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). TNF-alpha showed stronger inhibiting effect, IFN-gamma markedly reduced the activities of Na+ -K+ -ATPase, Ca2+ -ATPase and SOD in sperm (P < 0.01), and their synergistic action was weaker. However TNF-alpha produced hardly any effect on Na+ -K+ -ATPase and Ca2+ -ATPase. The NO concentration in sperm was significantly increased by IFN-gamma and/or TNF-alpha (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha have some inhibiting effect on sperm acrosin activity and the rate of acrosome reaction, which could be attributed to their influence on the activities of Na+ -K+ -ATPase, Ca2+ -ATPase and SOD, the NO concentration and so on.</p>


Subject(s)
Acrosome Reaction , Adult , Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Pharmacology , Male , Middle Aged , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Metabolism , Spermatozoa , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686791

ABSTRACT

Virtual experiment is the application of virtual reality technology in experiment sciences.In the physiology teaching, virtual reality modules are made up of experiment theory module,experiment process module,virtual reality module,review mod- ule and experiment report module.We set up a virtual physiology experiment system by author ware and other software.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357790

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the levels and roles of serum growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Serum GH and PRL levels were measured by radioimmunoassay in 54 neonates with HIE (20 mild, 19 moderate and 15 severe HIE) at the acute and convalescence stages. Twenty normal neonates were used as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serum GH levels were significantly lower, but PRL levels were significantly higher in moderate and severe HIE neonates at the acute stage compared with those of controls and mild HIE neonates (P < 0.01). There were noticeable differences in serum levels of GH and PRL between the moderate and severe HIE cases (P < 0.01). During the convalescence stage, serum GH levels increased and PRL levels decreased in moderate and severe HIE neonates compared with those at the acute stage (P < 0.01); serum GH and PRL levels in each sub-group of HIE restored to the levels of controls. There was a closely negative correlation between GH and PRL levels at the acute stage of HIE (r = -0.8759, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>GH and PRL might be involved in the pathophysiological process of HIE. The levels of GH and PRL closely relate to the severity of HIE at the acute stage.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Human Growth Hormone , Blood , Humans , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Blood , Infant, Newborn , Male , Prolactin , Blood
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676663

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical symptoms,pathophysiology and brain imaging features of Chinese familial cerebral cavernous angiomas.Methods Head MRI examination,clinical and pathophysiological examination were performed in a Chinese family with one proband of cerebral cavernous malformation.The disease atlas of the family was drawn.The patients indicative of a surgery underwent resection of hemangioma whose pathophysiology and microstructure were observed.Results Nine familial cerebral cavernous angiomas patients were found to have multiple intracranial lesion in the 18 family members,the penetrance being 50%,conforming to the feature of autosomal incomplete dominance inheritance.Four patients with skin cavernous hemangioma had familial cerebral cavernous angiomas.MRI was the most sensitive modality for the diagnosis of cavernous angioma.With T_2-Weighted sequences,the lesion was typically characterized by an area of mixed signal intensity,with a central reticulated core and a peripheral rim of decreased signal intensity related to deposition of hemosiderin.Gradient-echo(GRE)MRI could find microcavernous hemangiomas that would not be found in other sequences.Cavernous angiomas were typically discrete multilobulated berrylike lesions that contained hemorrhage in various stages of evolution.Histological homogeneity and overlap with other vascular malformations such as capillary telangictasia was common.Cavernous angiomas were composed of endothelial-linked sinusoidal spaces not separated by significant amounts of neural tissue.Hemorrhagic residua were common.Clots at different stages of evolution within the lesion were seen.The basic membranes of sinus became thick and soft.Parts of it were layered.Conclusions Familial cerebral cavernous angiomas is an autosomal incomplete dominance inheritance disease.Cavernous angiomas are composed of endothelial-linked sinusoidal spaces not separated by significant amounts of neural tissue.There are more than one focus in every patients and the skin cavernous angiomas is the foundation of diagnosing familial cerebral cavernous angiomas.Gradient-echo imagine sequence MRI(3.0 T)could be the"golden standard".

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 202-206, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235803

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It was reported that telomerase expression is closely associated with cellular immortality and cancer. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between telomerase expression and the carcinogenesis of cervical cancer, the possible use of telomerase as a marker of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) progression or regression, and the natural history of CIN.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay was used to measure telomerase activity in cervical scrapings and biopsy samples obtained from 105 cases affected with various cervical conditions, including chronic cervicitis (n = 20), CIN (n = 64, 16 cases of CIN I, 20 cases of CIN II, and 28 cases of CIN III), and invasive squamous cell carcinoma (n = 21).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In exfoliated cell samples, telomerase activity was detected in 5 of 20 (25.0%) cases of cervicitis, 10 of 16 (62.5%) cases of CIN I, 11 of 20 (55.0%) cases of CIN II, 23 of 28 (82.1%) cases of CIN III, and 13 of 21 (61.9%) cases of carcinoma. In cervical biopsy samples, telomerase activity was detected in 6 of 20 (30.0%) cases of cervicitis, 8 of 16 (50.0%) cases of CIN I, 9 of 20 (45.0%) cases of CIN II, 27 of 28 (96.4%) cases of CIN III, and 20 of 21 (95.2%) cases of carcinoma. Telomerase activation was significantly higher in CIN samples than in cervicitis samples. Telomerase activity was detected at similar frequency in samples from cervical scrapings and cervical biopsies.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results seem to suggest that telomerase expression may be associated with carcinogenesis of the cervix. TRAP assay of cervical scraping samples could be used to monitor and predict the development of CIN in clinical practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomarkers, Tumor , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Disease Progression , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Telomerase , Metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Uterine Cervicitis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296756

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of rhubarb in treating patients with systemic inflammation reaction syndrome (SIRS) and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 40 patients with SIRS in the treated group were treated with conventional treatment plus rhubarb powder orally or by nasal feeding, the 38 patients in the control group were treated with conventional treatment alone. Serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was determined by ELISA during the admission and the 3rd day after admission, C-reactive protein (C-RP), complement 3 and 4 (C3, C4) were also determined by auto-scattering turbidimetric quantitative analysis. The parameters were compared between groups and with normal control group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Cure rate in the treated group was significantly higher than that in the control group accompanied with lesser occurrence of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and lower mortality. Serum TNF-alpha, C-RP, C3 and C4 in the SIRS patients were increased during admission, which were significantly higher than normal control, but these parameters would be reduced together with the alleviating of symptoms after treatment, particularly after rhubarb treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rhubarb could improve the prognosis of patients with SIRS, its major mechanism is that rhubarb has the antagonizing effect against inflammatory cytokines and complements.</p>


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Child , Child, Preschool , Complement C3 , Metabolism , Complement C4 , Metabolism , Cytokines , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Phytotherapy , Pneumonia , Drug Therapy , Rheum , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Blood , Drug Therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
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