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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815929

ABSTRACT

Our study reports a case of acarodermatitis caused by Haemolaelaps casalis. By morphological observations, the mites seized were identified as Haemolaelaps casalis (deutonymph) which could attack humans resulting in acarodermatitis characterized with the symptoms of papules and blisters in different degrees. The patient was treated with 15% calamine lotion and anti-inflammatory and antipruritic drugs. Meanwhile, the mites were eliminated in the bedroom. After the treatment for one week, the patient was cured. Haemolaelaps casalis, which had been found in the indoor mattress, could attack humans and cause acarodermatitis. We should strengthen the work of anti-mite in domestic environment.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1511-1514, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637893

ABSTRACT

Abstract? AIM: To analyze the ocular manifestations of meningiomas in the trigone of the lateral ventricle, discuss the relevant factors of visual impairment in these patients and things need attention clinically.?METHODS:Retrospectively study on the clinical data of 90 eyes in 45 patients diagnosed of trigonal meningiomas treated at Beijing Tian Tan Hospital from October 2011 to October 2015.Preoperative examinations including visual acuity, optic disc findings, visual field, size of tumors and other change in MRI were analyzed.?RESULTS: Patients'age was 12-68 years old ( mean 41.7 ±13.7 years ). Male/female ratio was 1 ∶4.6. Decreased visual acuity occurred in 18 eyes.Optic disc edema was found in 24 eyes and optic disc pale in 6 eyes. Fourty -seven eyes had visual field defect, mostly homonymous hemianopia or defect. The maximum diameter of tumors was 2.1-9.6cm (4.8±1.7cm).Range of tumor volume was 3.02-193.2cm3(48.3±47.8cm3).A positive correlation of preoperative visual field defect was found with tumor volume, tumor maximum diameter, and brain midline shift respectively. While the preoperative visual field defect was not found any correlation with age, gender, course, and the enlargement of the ventricle and the edema of the tissue around the tumors. After Mann-Whitney U test, the differences on tumor volume, the maximum diameter of tumors, and brain midline shift between the two groups were significant.? CONCLUSION: Patients with trigonal meningiomas often have ocular signs and symptoms.The major reason of visual field defect is the damage of optic radiation around the tumor.The specific position of injured optic radiation determines the type and extent of visual field defect.Both ophthalmologist and neurosurgeon should pay attention to tumors nearby posterior visual pathway. Doing neurophthalmology examinations for these patients and realizing the position between the tumor and posterior visual pathway will be helpful and necessary in surgical planning.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1253-1257, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637793

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the optic nerve and axon impairment of relapsing - remitting multiple sclerosis ( RRMS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders ( NMOSD ) via detecting the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and the ganglion cell complex( GCC) thickness by optic coherence tomography(OCT). METHODS: Retrospective case control study. Two hundred three cases were collected from August 2014 to January 2016 in Beijing Tian Tan Hospital. They were divided into four groups, including the normal group (n=60), the RRMS group ( n = 60 ), the NMOSD anti -aquaporin- 4 autoantibody seropositive( NMOSD- AQP4 -Ab seropositive) group (n= 48), and the NMOSD-AQP4-Abseronegative group (n = 35). All people were detected for the average and four quadrants ( superior, inferior, nasal, temporal) of pRNFL thickness and the average and two quadrants (superior, inferior) of GCC thickness with OCT. One way analysis of variance or nonparametric tests was used to compare the differences of pRNFL and GCC thickness between groups. RESULTS: Comparing with the normal group, the average and all quadrants of pRNFL and GCC thickness in the RRMS, the NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seropositive and the NMOSD-AQP4-Ab seronegative group were thinner (P 0. 05); compared with the RRMS group, the superior pRNFL thickness in the NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seronegative group was significantly thinner ( P 0. 05 ). Differences between groups in the GCC thickness: compared with both the RRMS and the NMOSD- AQP4- Ab seronegative group, all quadrants of GCC thickness in the NMOSD -AQP4-Ab seropositive group were significantly thinner (P0.05). CONCLUSION: The optic nerve and axon impairment in NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seropositive group was the most severe and the impairment in RRMS group was the least severe. The impairment in NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seronegative group was between the former two, and could be more similar to that of RMMS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636280

ABSTRACT

Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is one of the main inherited retinal diseases causing congenital blindness.LCA is also characterized by genetic heterogeneity and variable clinical phenotypes.Recent years,a lot of molecular genetic studies related with its pathogenesis have been performed.So far,20 causative genes have been identified that account for LCA.Some correlations between genotype and clinical phenotype have also been found.Those specific clinical manifestations may help to identify the mutant gene that causes the LCA.This review summarized the causal genes,their roles in the pathogenesis of LCA,coupled with relationship between specific gene and Corresponding phenotype,which will assist the clinician in patient diagnosis and counseling.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635807

ABSTRACT

BackgroundDry eye is a multi-factorial-induced tear film and ocular surface disorder.Immunoinflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of dry eye.As inhibitor of the cyclo-oxygenase pathway,nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs play an anti-inflammatory and anti-hypersensitivity role,and it can be a potential treatment for dry eyes.ObjectiveThis study was to investigate the effectiveness of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (0.1%topical pranoprofen) on moderate to severe dry eyes and its mechanism.MethodsThis was a small sample of randomized controlled clinical trial.Thirty right eyes of 30 patients with moderate to severe dry eyes were included in the study according to the diagnosis criteria and randomized into two groups.The patients of the trial group received topical administration of 0.1% pranoprofen plus 0.1% sodium hyaluronate,and those of the control group received the topical 0.1% sodium hyaluronate only.Ocular surface inflammation index scores (OSDI) and ocular surface fluorescine staining (OSS) scores were measured under the slit lamp,and tear film break-up time (BUT),Schirmer Ⅰ test values were evaluated.The expression of human leucocyte antigen-DR (HLA-DR) and CD11b in conjunctiva epithelial cells were detected by impression cytology and flow cytometry (FCM).All the indexes were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.Informed consent was obtained from all patients.ResultsThere were no significant differences in terms of age and gender and their baseline values between the trial group and control group (t=0.412,P=0.684;x2=0.240,P=0.624),and so were all the indexes (P>0.05).Compared with the control group,the OSDI,OSS scores and cells positive for HLA-DR were lowered but the BUT was delayed in the trial group on day 15 ( t=2.43,P=0.03;t=2.83,P=0.01;t=3.29,P=0.00;t=3.23,P=0.00 ).No significant differences were found in the Schirmer Ⅰ test value and CD11b expression between these two groups (t=0.17,P=0.87;t=0.28,P=0.79).The OSDI,OSS scores and BUT were significantly improved,and the number of cells positive for HLA-DR were reduced 15 days after administration of drugs in comparison with before treatment in the trial group ( t =12.30,10.70,6.10,7.92,P =0.00 ).However,there were no comparable alteration seen in these indexes before and after the usage of drugs in the control group ( P>0.05).Positive correlations were found in HLADR expression with OSDI and OSS ( r =0.601,P =0.018 ; r =0.586,P =0.022 ) and a negative correlation in HLADR expression with BUT (r=-0.697,P=0.004) on day 15 in the trial group.ConclusionsTopical usage of 0.1% pranoprofen is beneficial for remitting the ocular signs and symptoms in moderate to severe dry eyes.This study illustrates that topical usage of 0.1% pranoprofen can down-regulate the expression of inflammatory markers in conjunctival epithelial cells.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635317

ABSTRACT

Background Pathologic myopia is one of the common blinding eye diseases.Recent research suggests that immune response participates in the pathogenesis of pathologic myopia,and inflammation is an important factor that influent immune status.Objective Present study was to observe the change of high sensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) in serum in the patients with pathologic myopia and explore the role of inflammation in the development of pathologic myopia. Methods Serum hs-CRP was measured from 30 patients with pathologic myopia,30 patients with simple myopia and 30 normal controls with Nephelometric Turbidity in the OLYMPUS AU5400 automatic biochemical analyzer.Written informed consent was obmined from each subject before medical examination.Results The mean age was(30+10) years in pathologic myopia group,and(32+8)years in simple myopia group and(32+9)years in normal control group.The range of preoperative spherical equivalent refraction was (-6.00--22.00) D in pathologic myopia group,(-1.00--6.00) D in simple myopia group and(-1.00-+1.00) D in normal control group.The level of hs-CRP in serum was(3.68±1.15)mmol/L in the patients with pathologic myopia and was significantly higher than that of simple myopia group(1.99±0.68 mmol/L)and normal controls (2.11±O.66 mmol/L)(q=10.69,P<0.01;q=9.91,P<0.01),respectively.No significant correlation was found between hs-CRP level and myopic degrees in pathologic myopia group(R2=0.037,P>0.05). Conclusion Hs-CRP may play rule in the inflammatory reaction during the pathogenesis of pathologic myopia.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299236

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In order to explore the expression of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) mRNA in white adipose tissue of diet-induced obesity-resistant (DIO-R) rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty male Sprague-dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group and high-fat group and they were fed with basic diet and high-fat diet respectively for 13 weeks. DIO-R and DIO rats were selected according to their body weight and the quantity of energy intake, then observing changing of the body fat content, the level of serum growth hormone was determined by radioimmunoassay and the level of the HSL mRNA in white adipose tissue was determined by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The body fat content of DIO-R rats were lower than those of DIO rats (P < 0.05). The level of serum growth hormone of DIO-R rats were higher than those of DIO rats (P < 0.05). High fat diets increased the level of the HSL mRNA in DIO-R rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Increasing expression of HSL in white adipose tissue may play a part of role in resisting diet-induced obesity of rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Metabolism , Animals , Body Weight , Dietary Fats , Male , Obesity , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sterol Esterase , Genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291828

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression of uncoupling protein-2 mRNA in brown adipose tissue, white adipose tissue and skeletal muscle of diet-induced obesity-resistant (DIO-R) rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a control group and a high-fat group and fed with basic diet and high-fat diet respectively for 13 weeks. DIO-R and DIO rats were selected according to their body weight. The change of body weight and the intake of total calorie were observed. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to measure the expression of UCP2 mRNA in rat.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Body weight and total calorie intake in DIO-R rats (425.1 +/- 27.1) g, (31,693 +/- 946) kJ were significantly lower than those in DIO rats (489.7 +/- 20.5) g, (34,363 +/- 1465) kJ. The peak area of UCP2 mRNA in white adipose tissue in DIO-R rats was 352 +/- 30 and in DIO rats was 101 +/- 12. The peak areas of UCP2 mRNA in skeletal muscle in DIO-R and DIO rats were 130 +/- 15 and 170 +/- 12, respectively. The peak areas of UCP2 mRNA in brown adipose tissue of DIO and DIO-R rats were 124 +/- 14 and 147 +/- 19, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of UCP2 mRNA in white adipose tissue of DIO-R rats increased significantly. These results suggest that obesity-resistance was associated with a tissue-specific increase in UCP2 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Metabolism , Animals , Body Weight , Dietary Fats , Gene Expression , Genetics , Ion Channels , Male , Membrane Transport Proteins , Genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins , Genetics , Muscle, Skeletal , Metabolism , Obesity , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Uncoupling Protein 2
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