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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 543-546, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genotype characteristics of α- and β-thalassemia and the diagnostic value of hematological indexes in pregnant women in Xindu District of Chengdu.@*METHODS@#The blood routine parameters(MCV) <80 fl and (or) (MCH) <27 pg and hemoglobin electrophoresis were used to screen the pregnant women, PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization(PCR-RDB) technique was used to detect the common α- and β-thalassemia gene types in the primary screening positive population. The husbands of the diagnosed pregnant women were recalled for gene testing, and the highly suspected patients were checked by gene sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7 049 pregnant women, 1 740(24.68%) cases were positive for primary screening. 180 patients were diagnosed as thalassemia gene positive, among them, 94 cases (52.22%) of α-thalassemia were detected and six genotypes were found, in which --SEA /αα genotype was the highest (58 cases, 61.70%); 82 cases (45.56%) of β-thalassemia were detected and ten genotypes were found while CD41-42/N and CD17/N genotypes were the most common; there were 4 cases(2.22%) with α combined with β-thalassemia. Through clinical follow-up survey, there were 4 couples with the same type of thalassemia, one of them was induced labor after diagnosis of hemoglobin H disease. Receiver operating curve (ROC curve) was used to analyze the diagnostic value of hematological parameters in thalassemia positive pregnant women. The results showed that AUC(HBA2)<AUC(MCHC)<AUC(RDW-SD)<AUC(MCH)<AUC(MCV) (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The most common genotypes of α- and β-thalassemia in pregnant women in Xindu District of Chengdu were --SEA /αα, CD41-42/N, CD17/N. The blood routine indicators (HBA2、RDW-SD、MCHC、MCH、MCV) have high diagnostic value for screening of thalassemia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , China/epidemiology , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Mutation , Pregnant Women , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 877-883, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939704

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a new method for synthesizing Lewis blood group antigens, that is, the mimotopes of Lewis blood group antigens were screened by using an alpaca phage display nanobody library.@*METHODS@#We selected mimotopes of the Lewis a (lea) antigen by affinity panning of an alpaca phage display nanobody library using a monoclonal anti-lea antibody. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to test the affinity of the positive clones for the monoclonal anti-lea antibody, and the high-affinity positive clones were selected for sequencing and synthesis. Finally, the sensitivity, specificity and reactivity of the synthesized lea mimotope in clinical samples were verified by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#A total of 96 phage clones were randomly selected, and 24 were positive. Fourteen positive clones with the highest affinity were selected for sequencing. The result showed that there were 5 different sequences, among which 3 sequences with the highest frequency, largest difference and highest affinity were selected for expression and synthesis. The sensitivity and specificity of lea mimic antigen by ELISA showed that, the minimum detection limit of gel microcolumn assay (GMA) and ELISA method were 25 times different, and the lea mimic antigen had no cross reacted with the other five unrelated monoclonal antibodies(P<0.001). Finally, 30 clinical plasma samples were analyzed. The mean absorbance of the 15 positive plasma samples was significantly higher than that of the 15 negative plasma samples (P=0.02). However, the positive signal values of the clinical samples were much lower than those of the monoclonal antibodies.@*CONCLUSION@#A new method of screening lea mimic antigen by using alpaca phage nanoantibody library has been established, which is expected to realize the screening of lea mimotopes, thus realizing the application of high-sensitivity detection methods such as ELISA and chemiluminescence in blood group antibody identification.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological , Bacteriophages , Blood Group Antigens , Camelids, New World , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Epitopes , Lewis Blood Group Antigens , Peptide Library
3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 715-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of canagliflozin on intrarenal fat content and oxygenation in newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients.Methods:Twenty-three newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients were divided into canagliflozin( n=11) and glimepiride control( n=12) groups .Both groups received MRI scanning with Dixon MRI and BOLD MRI sequence to assess patients′ intrarenal fat content, oxygenation level before treatment and 24 weeks after treatment. Fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, blood uric acid, blood lipids, blood pressure, weight, and other metabolic index were also tested before and after treatment. Furthermore, the relationship between body mass index(BMI) and intrarenal fat content and the correlation between changes in intrarenal fat content and improvement in renal hypoxia were analyzed. Results:No significant differences were found in baseline age, body weight, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, blood lipid, and serum uric acid between the two groups. There was no significant difference in fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, cholesterol(CHO), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C), and triglycerides(TG) levels in both groups after 12 and 24 weeks of treatment. The decrease in body weight, blood uric acid level, and diastolic blood pressure from baseline in the canagliflozin group was greater than those in the control group( P<0.05). Two groups of patients with type 2 diabetes at baseline had no obvious difference in intrarenal fat content, and the patients′ BMI showed no obvious correlation with degree of intrarenal fat accumulation. Canagliflozin treatment for 24 weeks could reduce intrarenal fat content, which was higher than that of control group. The R2 * values of renal cortex and medulla in the canagliflozin group decreased from baseline by 19.22% and 22.63% respectively( P<0.05), whereas no significant difference was seen in the glimepiride control group. The decrease of intrarenal fat content in the canagliflozin group was related to the improvement of renal cortex and medulla oxygenation. Conclusion:Canagliflozin can reduce intrarenal fat accumulation and improve renal cortical hypoxia in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients with normal renal function.

4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 209-213, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885542

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) for adverse perinatal outcomes of induction of labor in prolonged pregnancy.Methods:This retrospective study recruited 315 singleton pregnant women who had induced labor due to prolonged pregnancy (≥41 gestational weeks) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 1, 2019 to April 30, 2020. Based on the occurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes (emergency delivery due to persistent abnormal fetal heart rate monitoring, umbilical artery blood pH at birth <7.2, 5 min Apgar scores<7, transferring to neonatal intensive care unit after birth, chorioamnionitis and vaginal delivery converted to cesarean section), they were divided into two groups: case group ( n=76) and normal group ( n=239). Clinical features and umbilical artery blood flow, middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow and CPR measured in the last ultrasound scan before induction were compared between the two groups using student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and Chi-square test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive values of umbilical artery blood flow, MCA flow and CPR for the adverse perinatal outcomes. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen the meaningful predictors. Results:Compared with the normal group, the umbilical artery pulsatility index (PI) (0.9±0.1 vs 0.8±0.1, t=-5.458, P<0.001) and the percentage of abnormal CPR (<1.0) increased significantly [21.1%(16/76) vs 6.3%(15/239), χ2=14.190, P<0.001] in the case group, while the MCA-PI and CPR decreased significantly (1.1±0.2 vs 1.3±0.3, t=5.658, P<0.001; 1.2±0.3 vs 1.6±0.5, t=8.940, P<0.001). The areas under the ROC curves of umbilical artery PI, MCA-PI and CPR for predicting adverse perinatal outcomes were 0.71, 0.71 and 0.77, respectively. CPR had the highest sensitivity (0.74) compared with umbilical artery PI (0.68) and MCA-PI (0.71), but the specificity of them were similar (0.67, 0.66 and 0.66). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only CPR was the independent risk factor for adverse perinatal outcomes ( OR=0.028, 95% CI: 0.010-0.080, P<0.001). Conclusions:As an indicator for early prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes of induction of labor in prolonged pregnancy, CPR was more sensitive but less specific.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 270-277, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014328

ABSTRACT

Aim To predict the potential targets of Salvia miltiorrhiza- Kushen herb pairs extracts (SK) and explore its anti-inflammatory effect on modelsbased on network pharmacology, so as to provide the research foundation of both new drugs and anti-inflammatory mechanism. Methods Network pharmacology was used to predict the potential anti-inflammatory targets of SK. Ear edema model was used to study the anti-in- flammatoiy effects of SK. Luminex liquid-phase chip analysis technology was used to observethe changes in secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines in peripheral serumafter transdermal administration in mice by SK. Intraperitoneal injection of Evans blue experiment was used to simulate the exudation of inflammatory factors, and the effect of SK on capillary permeability in mice- was explored. Results Network pharmacology was used to predict that the anti-inflammatory effect of SK- was mainly related to immune-related processes and VEGF signaling pathways, unravelingthe relationship between the anti-inflammatory mechanismand the decrease of pro-inflammatory factors and vascular permea- bility. Conclusions The experiments verify that the results are the same as the prediction by network pharmacology. The anti-inflammatory effect involves decline the IL-6 levels, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor( G-CSF) levels and vascular permeability in the STAT3 pathway. Asthemain components of SK, tanshi- none, matrine and oxymatrine are linked to anti-in- flammatory effects.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4424-4432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888142

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the roots of Aconitum kongboense were studied. Twenty-five diterpenoid alkaloids were isolated from the 95% methanol extract of the roots of A. kongboense by silica gel, reverse-phase silica gel and basic alumina column chromatography. They included a new aconitine-type diterpenoid alkaloid, named as kongboensenine(1), and twenty-four known ones(2-25), i.e., acotarine F(2), acotarine G(3), 14-acetyltalatisamine(4), talatisamine(5), indaconitine(6), yunaconitine(7), chasmanine(8), 6-epi-foresticine(9), homochasmanine(10), 8-deacetyl-yunaconitine(11), chasmaconitine(12), ajaconine(13), franchetine(14), ezochasmanine(15), crassicautine(16), 14-O-deacylcrassicausine(17), genicunine A(18), falconeridine(19), sachaconitine(20), liljestrandisine(21), 8-methyl-14-acetyltalatisamine(22), kongboendine(23), 14-benzoylchasmanine(24) and pseudaconine(25). Their structures were elucidated by common spectroscopic methods including high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry(HR-ESI-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) techniques. Compounds 2-4, 10, 13, 15-19 and 21-22 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Experimental results showed that all compounds did not have a significant inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase(AChE).


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Aconitum/metabolism , Alkaloids , Diterpenes , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots/metabolism
7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 465-477, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887717

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the molecular mechanism of high phosphorylation levels of cofilin-1 (p-CFL-1) associated with paclitaxel resistance in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells.@*Methods@#Cells displaying varying levels of p-CFL-1 and CFL-1 were created by plasmid transfection and shRNA interference. Cell inhibition rate indicating paclitaxel efficacy was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry and protein levels were detected by western blotting. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to measure the expression levels of phosphokinases and phosphatases of CFL-1. Survival analysis evaluated the correlation between the prognosis of EOC patients and the levels of p-CFL-1 and slingshot-1 (SSH-1).@*Results@#High levels of p-CFL-1 were observed in EOC cells that survived treatment with high doses of paclitaxel. SKOV3 cell mutants with upregulated p-CFL-1 showed impaired paclitaxel efficacy, as well as decreased apoptosis rates and pro-survival patterns of apoptosis-specific protein expression. Cytoplasmic accumulation of p-CFL-1 inhibited paclitaxel-induced mitochondrial apoptosis. SSH-1 silencing mediated CFL-1 phosphorylation in paclitaxel-resistant SKOV3 cells. Clinically, the high level of p-CFL-1 and the low level of SSH-1 in EOC tissues were closely related to chemotherapy resistance and poor prognosis in EOC patients.@*Conclusion@#The SSH-1/p-CFL-1 signaling pathway mediates paclitaxel resistance by apoptosis inhibition in EOC and is expected to be a potential prognostic predictor.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cofilin 1/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Phosphoprotein Phosphatases/metabolism , Phosphorylation
8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 478-482, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the cerebroplacental blood flow distribution characteristics in monochorionic-diamniotic(MCDA) twin pregnancies with stageⅠ-Ⅱof twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), and investigate the predictive value of cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) in the stageⅡ of TTTS.Methods:The cerebroplacental blood flow distribution were analyzed retrospectively in 68 cases from June 2017 to June 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (34 cases for each stage) with TTTS, including the umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA-PI), middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV), middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA-PI), CPR, and their discordances(UA-PI disc, MCA-PSV disc, MCA-PI disc and CPR disc). Results:The differences of UA-PI, MCA-PI, and CPR between donors and recipients in TTTS Ⅱ were statistically significant (all P<0.05), the differences of UA-PI disc, MCA-PI disc and CPR disc between TTTS Ⅰ and TTTS Ⅱ were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analyses showed that only CPR disc was independently associated with the stage Ⅱ of TTTS( P<0.05), and it had moderate predictive accuracy for the stage Ⅱ of TTTS with an area under the curve of 0.766, a sensitivity of 64.71% and a specificity of 82.35%( P<0.001). Conclusions:More cerebroplacental blood flow discordances are observed and CPR disc is closely related to stageⅡof TTTS.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 207-210, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865688

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of different indomethacin anal suppository administration time on increased serum amylase, pancreatitis onset and the degree of pain after ERCP, and explore the optimal administration time.Methods:A total of 240 patients with cholangiopathy who were admitted and planned to be treated by ERCP in Department of General Surgery of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from May 2018 to May 2019 were randomly divided into 6 groups using random number method with 40 patients in each group, who were given 100 mg intrarectal indomethacin at 120 min, 60 min, 30 min before ERCP and 30 min, 60 min, 120 min after ERCP. The incidence of post-ERCP hyperamylasemia, post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) and the degree of postoperative pain were compared among different groups.Results:The increased times of blood amylase level and the incidence of hyperamylasemia and PEP at 24 hour, and postoperative 3 h and 24 h pain scores in preoperative medication group were significantly lower than those in postoperative medication group [(4.2±1.9) vs(4.7±2.1), 36.7% vs 46.7%, 19.2% vs 24.2%, (5.9±2.1) vs(6.4±1.4) and(3.8±1.7) vs (4.3±1.4)score, all P<0.05), and the amylase increased times (2.5±1.2), the incidence of hyperamylasemia and PEP[(27.5%(11/40) vs 12.5%(5/40), and postoperative pain score (3.0±1.2) were the least in preoperative 30 min medication group. Conclusions:Indomethacin anal suppository can reduce the incidence of postoperative hyperamylasemia and PEP and mitigate the pain degree after ERCP, and indomethacin given 30 minutes before ERCP may obtain the best preventive effect.

10.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 874-877, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791313

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the cerebroplacental blood flow distribution characteristics in monochorionic‐diamniotic ( MCDA ) twin pregnancies with selective fetal grow th restriction ( sFGR ) ,and investigate the relationship between co‐twin cerebroplacental blood flow discordances and co‐twin birth weight discordances ( BWdisc ) . Methods The cerebroplacental blood flow distribution characteristics and their discordances were analyzed retrospectively in 52 MCDA twin pregnancies with normal grow th ( control group) and 52 with sFGR ( case group) ,including the umbilical artery pulsatility index ( U A‐PI) ,middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity ( MCA‐PSV ) ,middle cerebral artery pulsatility index ( MCA‐PI ) , cerebroplacental ratio ( CPR ) ,and their discordances ( U A‐PIdisc ,MCA‐PSVdisc ,MCA‐PIdisc and CPRdisc ) . Results Compared to the control group ,UA‐PIdisc ,MCA‐PIdisc and CPRdisc increased significantly ( all P <0 .01) . U A‐PIdisc ,MCA‐PIdisc and CPRdisc were related positively to BW disc as show n by correlation analyses ( r=0 .488 ,0 .414 ,0 .592 ;all P < 0 .001) ,and they had moderate predictive accuracy for sFGR with area under the curves of 0 .743 ,0 .662 and 0 .778 , with sensitivity of 48 .08% ,67 .31% and 71 .15% , and specificity of 92 .31% ,59 .62% and 78 .85% ( all P < 0 .01 ) . M ultivariate Logistic regression analyses showed that only CPRdisc were independently associated with sFGR ( P < 0 .05 ) . Conclusions More cerebroplacental blood flow discordances are observed in MCDA twin pregnancies with sFGR . Co‐twin cerebroplacental blood flow discordance is related to BW disc .

11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 635-639, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of red blood cell (RBC) storage duration on the clinical effect of exchange transfusion (ET) and internal environment in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 135 neonates with hyperbilirubinemia who received ET between January 2015 and August 2018. According to RBC storage duration, the neonates were divided into short-term storage group (RBCs were stored for ≤7 days) with 56 neonates and long-term storage group (RBCs were stored for >7 days) with 79 neonates. The two groups were compared in terms of serum total bilirubin (TBIL) level and the rate of TBIL reduction at 0 and 12 hours after ET, as well as the duration of continued phototherapy and rate of repeated ET. Routine blood test parameters, electrolytes, blood glucose, and blood gas parameters were measured before ET and at 0 hour after ET.@*RESULTS@#At 0 hour after ET, there were no significant differences in the TBIL level and the rate of TBIL reduction between the two groups (P>0.05). At 12 hours after ET, the long-term storage group had a significantly higher TBIL level and a significantly lower rate of TBIL reduction than the short-term storage group (P7 days in ET for neonates with hyperbilirubinemia does not affect the immediate effect of ET, but these neonates tend to have a poor outcome after continued phototherapy and high risk of hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Bilirubin , Erythrocytes , Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood , Hyperbilirubinemia , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal , Phototherapy , Retrospective Studies
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2003-2008, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781504

ABSTRACT

@#AAbstractObjective:To compare and analyze the metabolic and functional changes in platelets stored at 4 ℃ and ones stored at 22 ℃ with agitation so as to provide an experimental basis for the cryopreservation technology of platelets.@*METHODS@#Samples were collected from platelets stored at 4 ℃ in 2, 4, 6, 11, 15 and 21 days, and from ones stored at 22 ℃ with agitation during the same days, the metabolism indicators and thromboelastogram (TEM) were analysed.@*RESULTS@#In metabolism, there were no significant changes of pH, GLU,PCO2, PCO2 and MPV levels of platelets stored at 4 ℃ for <6 days (P>0.05), However, the Plt count decreased, the PDW and LDH level incrseased (P<0.05). At the same time, only MPV had no changes of platelets stored at 22 ℃ during above-mentioned same days (P>0.05), while the pH, PCO2, GLU, Plt all decreased, and PO2, LDH, PDW incrseased (P<0.05). There were significant changes about the pH value, PO2, Plt, MPV, LDH, GLU levels between the two kinds of stored platelets during the same storing period (P<0.05). The pH value and MPV of platelets stored at 4 ℃ were obviously lower than ones stored at 22 ℃, while GLU, PO2, LDH and Plt levels showed reverse changes (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the PCO2 of platelets stored at 4 ℃ not could be detected and the Plt count reduced rapidly from d15. In function, the MA level of platelets stored at 4 ℃ was slower than that of platelets stored at 22 ℃, that is, the MA level of platelets stored at 4 ℃ were higher than that of platelets stored at 22 ℃ during the same storeing period (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Platelets stored at 4 ℃ have much slower metabolism than ones stored at 22 ℃, and the aggregation is stronger of platelets stored at 4 ℃ than that of ones at 22 ℃ during the same conservation period.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Blood Preservation , Cryopreservation , Temperature
13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 874-877, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797003

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the cerebroplacental blood flow distribution characteristics in monochorionic-diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies with selective fetal growth restriction (sFGR), and investigate the relationship between co-twin cerebroplacental blood flow discordances and co-twin birth weight discordances (BWdisc).@*Methods@#The cerebroplacental blood flow distribution characteristics and their discordances were analyzed retrospectively in 52 MCDA twin pregnancies with normal growth (control group) and 52 with sFGR (case group), including the umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA-PI), middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV), middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA-PI), cerebroplacental ratio (CPR), and their discordances (UA-PIdisc, MCA-PSVdisc, MCA-PIdisc and CPRdisc).@*Results@#Compared to the control group, UA-PIdisc, MCA-PIdisc and CPRdisc increased significantly (all P<0.01). UA-PIdisc, MCA-PIdisc and CPRdisc were related positively to BWdisc as shown by correlation analyses (r=0.488, 0.414, 0.592; all P<0.001), and they had moderate predictive accuracy for sFGR with area under the curves of 0.743, 0.662 and 0.778, with sensitivity of 48.08%, 67.31% and 71.15%, and specificity of 92.31%, 59.62% and 78.85% (all P<0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analyses showed that only CPRdisc were independently associated with sFGR (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#More cerebroplacental blood flow discordances are observed in MCDA twin pregnancies with sFGR. Co-twin cerebroplacental blood flow discordance is related to BWdisc.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 558-560, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745557

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of serum and carcinoma levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1)with clinical characteristics in patients with endometrial carcinoma.Methods Serum level of PAI-1 was determined by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) in patients with endometrial carcinoma (n =40),uterine prolapsed with normal endometrial tissues(n=40).The protein expression of PAI-1 in endometrial tissue was detected by using immunohistochemistry in patients with endometrial carcinoma and uterine prolapse patients.Results Serum level of PAI-1 was higher in patients with endometrial carcinoma than in uterine prolapse patients with normal endometrial tissues(19.43±7.12 μg/L vs.6.58±2.33 μg/L,P<0.05).The rate of positive expression of PAI-1 was higher in endometrial carcinoma tissue than in uterine prolapse tissue[62.5 % (25/40) vs.7.5 % (3/40),P < 0.01].Compared with early-stage endometrial carcinoma,advanced endometrial carcinoma had an increased rate of positive expression of PAI-1 (P <0.01).Compared with endometrioid adenocarcinoma,other pathological types of endometrial carcinoma had an increased rate of positive expression of PAI-1 (P < 0.05).Poorly differentiated endometrial carcinoma versus highly differentiated endometrial carcinoma had an increased positive rate of PAI-1 (P <0.05).The rate of positive expression of PAI-1 was higher in endometrial carcinoma with myometrial invasion than without myometrial invasion(25/31 vs.0/9,P<0.01).Conclusions The expression level of PAI-1 may be related to the invasion and metastasis of endometrial carcinoma.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 258-263, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756324

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a dual-luciferase reporter gene vector and validate the targeting relation ship between miR-299 and the COL4A3 gene,laying a foundation for the study on the effect of miR-299 in the chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells by regulating the COL4A3 gene.Methods This study was made from March,2018 to December,2018.Firstly,the potential binding sites between miR-299 and COL4A3-3'UTR were pre dicted using bioinformatics.Then,the wild and mutant COL4A3-3'UTR sequences were amplified by PCR and cloned into psiCHECK-2 plasmid to construct corresponding recombinant vectors.The vectors were validated by enzyme digestion and gene sequencing.Finally,the cells were resuscitated,amplified,transfected and divided into 4 groups:COL4A3-WT+miR-299/NC group,COL4A3-WT+miR-299-inhibitor/NC-inhibitor group,COL4A3-MUT+miR-299/NC group and COL4A3-MUT+miR-299-inhibitor/NC-inhibitor group.Each group contains 3 holes,respectively.Luciferase activity in each group was determined using a dual-luciferase assay kit.The statistical analysis was conducted and differences between groups were compared by t test.Probabilities lower than 5%(P<0.05) were considered statistically significant.Results Enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing showed that the dual-luciferase reporter gene vector of psiCHECK-2-COL4A3 was constructed successfully.Luciferase assay demonstrated that in wild COL4A3 gene,luciferase activity reduced in the miR-299 transfection group (The average R/F value was 59.38%) compared with the NC group (The average R/F value was 100.00%),with a statistical significant difference (P<0.05).In wild COL4A3 gene treated with inhibitor,luciferase activity increased in the miR-299-inhibitor group (The average R/F value was 153.98%) compared with the NC-inhibitor group (The average R/F value was 100.00%),with a statistical significant difference (P<0.05).In mutant COL4A3 gene treated with inhibitor,no obvious statistical differences in luciferase activity were found between miR-299 transfection group (The average R/F value was 102.09%),miR-299-inhibitor group (The average R/F value was 108.51%) and NC group (The average R/F value was 104.70%),NC-inhibitor group (The average R/F value was 105.13%) and/9>0.05.Conclusion The dual-luciferase reporter gene vector of the 3'UTR of the COL4A3 gene is constructed successfully.In addition,dual-luciferase assay further verifies the authenticity of miR-299 directly targeting the 3'UTR of the COL4A3 gene.

16.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 325-334, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742267

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasma gondii is an apicomplexan zoonotic protozoan parasite that infects most species of warm-blooded animals, including humans. The heavy incidence and severe or lethal damage caused by T. gondii infection clearly indicate a need for the development of an effective vaccine. T. gondii GRA8 is a member of the dense granules protein family and is used as a marker of acute infection. In the present study, we evaluated the protective immunity induced by DNA vaccination based on a recombinant eukaryotic plasmid, pDsRed2-GRA8, against acute toxoplasmosis in mice. BALB/c mice were intramuscularly immunized with the pDsRed2-GRA8 plasmid and then challenged by infection with the highly virulent GFP-RH strain of T. gondii. The specific immune responses and protective efficacy against T. gondii of this vaccine were analyzed by measuring cytokine and serum antibody titers, splenocyte proliferation assays, and the survival times of mice after challenge. Our results showed that mice immunized with pDsRed2-GRA8 demonstrated specific humoral and cellular responses, induced higher IgG antibody titers with predominant IgG2a production; increased levels of IL-10, IL-12 (p70), IFN-γ, TNF-α, and splenocyte proliferation; and prolonged survival times compared to those of control mice. The present study showed that DNA immunization with pDsRed2-GRA8 induced humoral and cellular immune responses, and all immunized mice showed greater Th1-type immune responses and longer survival times than those of control mice. These results indicated that T. gondii GRA8 DNA immunization induces a partial protective effect against acute toxoplasmosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , DNA , Immunity, Cellular , Immunization , Immunoglobulin G , Incidence , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-12 , Parasites , Plasmids , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmosis , Vaccination
17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 445-447, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709280

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of modified anterior vaginal wall repair in the treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse and cystocele in elderly women.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical value of modified anterior vaginal wall repair in 58 elderly women with stage Ⅱ-Ⅳ anterior vaginal prolapse and cystocele,which were evaluated by pelvic organ prolapse quantitation (POP-Q) system.The modified anterior vaginal wall repair was based on the paravaginal repair as an add-on to a reverse bridge repair and cross stitching of bilateral sutures stemmed from vaginal repair.According to the condition of each patient,other pelvic floor repair,perineal laceration repair,and paraurethral fascia reinforcement might be performed at the same time.The curative effectiveness was subjectively and objectively evaluated in the postoperative follow-up.Results A total of 58 operations were successfully finished.The follow-up time was 6-24 months with an average of (14±8) months.The subjective cure rate was 100% and the rate of objective cure defined as the top of the vagina above the level of ischial spine was 100% at 3 months follow-up (n=58).The subjective and objective cure rate was 100% and 96.6% (56/58) at 6 months follow-up (n=58),100% and 94.1% (32/34) at 12 months follow-up (n=34),91.7% (11/12) and 91.7% (11/12) at 24 months follow-up (n=12),respectively.Conclusions The modified anterior vaginal wall repair is safe and effective for anterior vaginal prolapse and cystocele in elderly women.

18.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 143-145, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699568

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of preset medial canthus ligament relaxation sutures in traumatic inferior canalicular laceration anastomosis.Methods A retrospective study was conducted in 32 patients (32 eyes) with inferior lacrimal canaliculus laceration who admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology from September 2014 to September 2016.In the procedures,after the broken end of the lower lacrimal canaliculus was found,4-0 suture was immediately placed between the ends of medial canthus ligament.After ensuring the satisfaction of the broken ends of the duct,the preset suture was released and the lacrimal stents were implanted.Anastomosis of lacrimal canaliculus laceration was performed with 8-0 absorbable suture,and subcutaneous tissue and skin were sutured with 6-0 absorbable suture.Then the lacrimal stents were removed 2-3 months after the operation.The patients were followed up 6-12 months for analysis of success rate and complications.Results Totally 29 patients were cured,2 patients improved,and 1 patient did not get better,with cure rate of 90.62% and the effective rate of 96.88%.After surgery,lacrimal point tear presented in 2 eyes (6.25%),and notch within medial canthus was found in 1 eye (3.12%).Conclusion Medial canthus ligament relaxation suture can create a low tension healing environment for lacrimal canalicular laceration and improve the cure rate of canalicular laceration anastomosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 857-862, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809518

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the potential role of Bit1 in the pathogenesis of pancreatic ductal cancer cells(PDAC) and its potential clinical application value.@*Methods@#Real-time PCR and Western blot were employed to detect the expression of Bit1 in six pancreatic cancer cells, then the tool cells were selected to further study the function of Bit1.PolyHEMA was used to monitor the suspended cell culture condition in vitro.The invasion and migration abilities of pancreatic cancer cells were detected through Transwell assay. Western blot and confocal assay were used to explore the potential mechanism of Bit1 in the process of metastasis.The expression of Bit1 was detected through tissue microarray, the potential relationship between Bit1 and other clinical factors were analyzed.@*Results@#The results of real-time PCR and Western blot indicated that the expression of Bit1 was highest in the PANC1 cells and lowest in the Mia paca2 cells (gene: 3.13±0.40 vs. 1.00±0.35, protein: 1.77±1.00 vs. 0.23±0.45). The shBit1 PANC1 and Bit1-OE(over expression) Mia paca2 cells were successfully constructed.Bit1 over expression could promote the anoikis rate of Mia paca2 cells, and Bit knockdown could inhibit the anoikis incidence.Bit1 over expression suppressed the motility and invasion of Mia paca2 cells, but Bit1 knockdown could accelerate the migration and invasion ability of PANC1 cells.Bit1 could potentially affect pancreatic cancer cells′ malignant behaviors through epithelial-mesenchymal transition process.Bit1 expression was significantly associated with pancreatic cancer′s neural invasion (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Bit1 could affect the anoikis incidence of pancreatic cancer, Bit1 negatively affect the migration and invasion abilities of PDAC, the EMT process was potentially involved in the whole modulation process.Bit1 expression is associated with neural invasion in pancreatic cancer patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 817-827, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242226

ABSTRACT

A rapid quantitative evaluation method for Siraitia grosvenorii cells was successfully developed based on plant cells' capacitance value detected by a viable cell mass monitor and the cryopreservation of S. grosvenorii suspension cells was optimized. The survival rate of S. grosvenorii cells was quantitatively measured by viable cell mass monitor and 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC). An optimum cryoprotectant recipe is that the growth medium contained 10% sucrose and 10% DMSO. The experimental results also showed higher cell survival rates and cell viabilities were achieved when suspension cells were treated with pretreatment of 0.2 mol/L sucrose. With the increase of concentration of sucrose, however, the cell survival rate was decreased. And the cell survival rate represented a bell shape with the increase of pretreatment time. The highest cell survival rate and cell viability were obtained with the 9 h' s pretreatment. In addition, there was a good correlation between the cell survival rate measured by cell recovery test and that measured by viable cell mass monitor, while there were no significant differences in the cell morphology and the ability of mogrosides V production by S. grosvenorii cells cultured in suspension after cryopreservation. Therefore, the evaluation method developed based on the viable cell mass monitor has good feasibility and reliability.

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