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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 490-494, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920438

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the consistency of angle Kappa and angle Alpha in age-related cataract eyes with three different instruments. <p>METHODS: Prospective study. Totally 60 eyes of 30 patients with age-related cataract from December 1 to December 30, 2020 were collected. After adapting to 10min in the darkroom before operation, the angle Kappa and angle Alpha were measured with iTrace, Lenstar 900 and IOL Master 700 biometric instruments, respectively. The difference and consistency of the three instruments were analyzed.<p>RESULTS: The results of angle Kappa measurement of iTrace, Lenstar 900 and IOL Master 700 were 0.25±0.13, 0.19±0.11, 0.21±0.11mm(F=1.903, P=0.155). The results of angle Alpha measurement of the three instruments were 0.31±0.11, 0.36±0.16, 0.36±0.14mm(F=2.999, P=0.052). The proportion of angle Kappa of the three instruments greater than 0.5mm is 3%, 2% and 2%, and the proportion of angle Alpha greater than 0.5mm is 5%, 15% and 22%. The distribution of angle Kappa and angle Alpha is mainly in the temporal side of both eyes. Compared with the angle Kappa distribution of both eyes, the temporal distribution ratio of angle Alpha is higher, and the distribution of angle Alpha measured by iTrace is closer than that of Lenstar 900 and IOL Master 700 along the horizontal line. There was a positive correlation between angle Alpha and angle Kappa measured by each instrument(r=0.2941, 0.4082, 0.5137; P=0.0226, P=0.0012, P<0.0001). The consistency of angle Kappa measurement results of three kinds of instruments was good, while that of angle Alpha measurement results was poor.<p>CONCLUSION: When making the decision of multifocal intraocular lens implantation before cataract surgery, the consistency of angle Alpha measured by Lenstar 900, IOL Master 700 and iTrace is poor, so it is necessary to compare and refer to the results of various instruments in clinical application. When the data of angle Alpha could not be obtained before cataract surgery, the angle Kappa measured with the three instruments could provide useful information for multifocal IOL implantation decision.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the quality of life of diabetes patients managed by the“1+1+1”contracted family physician services and to analyze the influencing factors.Methods:A survey on quality of life of diabetic patients in the community was conducted in Shanghai Huacao township from July 2018 to September 2018. A total of 413 residents managed by the contracted family physician services in 3 villages of Huacao township were selected by stratified cluster random sampling as study subjects, including 203 diabetes patients and the 210 healthy subjects (control group). The self-prepared questionnaire was applied for survey of general information and the quality of life was evaluated with the MOS 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) in two groups. The linear stepwise regression model was deployed to analyze the factors related to the quality of life of diabetes patients.Results:The total scores of SF-36 were (711.36±103.40) and (736.72±85.42) in diabetic group and control group, respectively. The total score and the scores of reported health transition, physical function, general health, physiological contents in diabetic group were significantly lower than those of control group ( t=-2.712, -2.326, -4.872, -5.509, -3.504, P<0.05); however, there were no significant differences in role-physical, bodily pain, role-emotional, mental health, vitality, social function, and psychological contents between the two groups ( P>0.05). The univariate regression analysis indicates that age, educational degree, score on the quality of sleep, stressful life event, usual mental state, and the years of contracted family doctor service were associated with the quality of life of diabetes patients ( t/ F=3.373, 3.216, 5.716, 58.146, 28.325, 14.450, P<0.05). Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis showed that stressful life event, usual mental state, and the years of contracted family doctor service were the independent factors related to the quality of life in diabetes patients ( t=7.157, 4.741, -2.779, 2.129, P<0.05). Conclusion:Under the“1+1+1”contracted family doctor service mode, the quality of life of diabetes patients in the community is very close to that of the healthy population in several dimensions. The study has also revealed that the duration of contracted family physician service and other factors can influence the quality of life of diabetic patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the outcomes of posterior-column dominating three-column tibial plateau fractures treated by raft-nailing and cannulated screwing via the posteromedian approach.Methods:From October 2017 to June 2019, 15 patients with posterior-column dominating three-column tibial plateau fracture were surgically treated at Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital to Harbin Medical University. They are 11 males and 4 females, aged from 26 to 65 years (average, 41.2 years). All patients were operated on under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia. After full exposure via the posteromedian approach using a popliteal S-shaped incision, their fractures were treated with raft-nailing and cannulated screwing. Wound healing and neurovascular injury were observed after operation. X-ray films were taken regularly to monitor fracture union and measure the tibial plateau angle (TPA) and posterior slope angle (PA) of the tibial plateau. The knee function was assessed using The Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) scoring system at 12 months after operation.Results:Incisions healed by the first intention after surgery in 14 patients but the healing was delayed due to fat liquefaction in one patient. No symptoms of neurovascular injury were observed in the 15 patients who were followed up for 12 to 29 months (average, 16.5 months). All fractures united after 12 to 20 weeks (average, 15.4 weeks). At 3 days and 12 months after operation, respectively, their PA was 9.3°±2.1° and 9.7°±1.6° and their TPA 4.3°±1.2° and 4.1°±1.1°, showing no significant difference ( P>0.05). At 12 months after operation, their HSS scores ranged from 84 to 95 (average, 89.3), their knee flexion from 105° to 138° (average, 126.5°) and their knee extension from 0° to 8° (average, 3.4°). Conclusions:In the treatment of posterior-column dominating three-column tibial plateau fractures, raft-nailing combined with cannulated screwing via the posteromedian approach can achieve not only full exposure by a single incision but also stable plateau fixation, reduce operative invasion, and simplify operative procedures, leading to fine surgical outcomes.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of exercise on cognitive function and the expression of NeuN and SynapsinI in prefrontal cortex of rats after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Methods:Forty health male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group (S group, n = 10), model group (M group, n = 10), sham & exercise group (SE group, n = 10) and model & exercise group (ME group, n = 10). The left middle cerebral artery was occluded for one hour and reperfused. SE and ME groups accepted treadmill training, for 14 days. The cognitive function of rats was evaluated with open field experiment and new object recognition experiment. The number and distribution of nerve cells in rat brain were observed with Nissl staining and immunofluorescence staining. The SynapsinI expression in serum was detected with ELISA. Results:Compared with S group, the activity, times of crossing, length and activity time in central area of open field experiment decreased in M group, as well as the cognitive index and length of new object recognition experiment (P < 0.05). Compared with M group, all the indexes increased in ME group (P < 0.05). The number of Nissl bodies decreased in M group (P < 0.05) and the arrangement was disordered, while the number of Nissl bodies increased in ME group (P < 0.05) compared with M group. The NeuN positive cells was more in S group than in M group (P < 0.05), and it was more in ME group than in M group (P < 0.05); as well as that of SynapsinI. The expression of SynapsinI decreased in M group (P < 0.05), and increased in ME group (P < 0.05). Most results of behavioral experiments positively correlated with the expression of Nissl, NeuN and SynapsinI (r > 0.221, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion can cause cognitive impairment in rats. Exercise can alleviate nerve injury and improve cognitive function, which may relate to promoting the expression of NeuN and SynapsinI in prefrontal cortex, to increase the number of neurons and synapses.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 163-167, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevalence of epilepsy and its clinical features in patients with Alzheimer's disease(AD).Methods:Clinical data of patients with AD from a separate database of Tianjin Huanhu Hospital for dementia and degenerative diseases from January 2010 to January 2019 were retrospectively examined.The prevalence of AD combined with epilepsy was analyzed.The characteristics from neuropsychological assessment, clinical manifestations of epileptic attacks, electroencephalogic patterns and other features were analyzed and compared with those of AD patients without epilepsy.Results:Of 376 AD patients, 11.4% had epilepsy, with 4.0% showing non-induced seizures before AD diagnosis and 7.5% after AD diagnosis.The average age of AD patients at first onset of epilepsy was 59.8±19.9 years, and the average age of patients at initial diagnosis with AD was 62.8±6.6 years.The most common type was focal seizures(65.1%), and EEG showed mostly focal slow waves(69.8%)and focal epileptiform discharges(23.3%). The AD diagnosis for patients with epilepsy was 8 years earlier than those without epilepsy.Conclusions:Epilepsy has a high prevalence in AD patients, and seizures may be a risk factor for progression from cognitive impairment to AD.Early identification of seizures and cognitive impairment may have a positive effect on delaying the progression of dementia.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference of brain structure between patients with early-onset depression with and without suicidal ideation and its relationship with the severity of depression.Methods:Totally 37 patients with early-onset depressive disorder with suicidal ideation and 23 patients with early-onset depressive disorder without suicidal ideation were examined by psychological assessment and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)from 2019 to 2020.Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) technology was used to compare the differences in brain structure between the two groups of subjects, and further analyze the relationship between the gray matter volume of the different brain areas and the severity of depression. The demographic and clinical data were analyzed by SPSS 24.0 statistical software package. The comparison between the two groups was performed by double sample t-test and chi square test. SPM8 software was used for VBM statistical analysis, and double sample t test was used for image analysis and comparison between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was performed between the mean gray matter volume of the two groups and the scores of HAMD-17 and Beck scale for suicide ideation(BSI). Results:Compared with the group without suicide ideation, the volume of gray matter in the right middle frontal gyrus(MNI: x, y, z=28.5, 33.0, 43.5, FWE correction for mass level, P<0.05)and left angular gyrus of the suicide idea group increased(MNI: x, y, z=-37.5, -73.5, 48.0, FWE correction for mass level, P<0.05). There was no significant correlation between the gray matter volume of the right middle frontal gyrus and the HAMD-17 scale, BSI scale in patients with early-onset depression ( r=0.073, r=-0.153, both P>0.05). Conclusion:There are structural differences in the right middle frontal gyrus and left angular gyrus between patients with early-onset depression with suicidal ideation and patients with early-onset depression without suicidal ideation, and there was no significant correlation between gray matter volume and depression severity.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 920-926, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878086

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cumulative blood pressure (BP), a measure incorporating the level and duration of BP exposure, is associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the level at which cumulative BP could significantly increase the risk remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association of 15-year cumulative BP levels with the long-term risk of CVD, and to examine whether the association is independent of BP levels at one examination.@*METHODS@#Data from a 26-year follow-up of the Chinese Multi-provincial Cohort Study-Beijing Project were analyzed. Cumulative BP levels between 1992 and 2007 were calculated among 2429 participants free of CVD in 2007. Cardiovascular events (including coronary heart disease and stroke) occurring from 2007 to 2018 were registered. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for CVD incidence associated with quartiles of cumulative systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Of the 2429 participants, 42.9% (1042) were men, and the mean age in 2007 was 62.1 ± 7.9 years. Totally, 207 CVD events occurred during the follow-up from 2007 to 2018. Participants with higher levels of cumulative SBP or DBP exhibited a higher incidence rate of CVD (P < 0.001). Compared with the lowest quartile of cumulative SBP, the HR for CVD was 1.03 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.59-1.81), 1.69 (95% CI: 0.99-2.87), and 2.20 (95% CI: 1.21-3.98) for the second to the fourth quartile of cumulative SBP, and 1.46 (95% CI: 0.86-2.48), 1.99 (95% CI: 1.18-3.35), and 2.08 (95% CI: 1.17-3.71) for the second to the fourth quartile of cumulative DBP, respectively. In further cross-combined group analyses with BP measurements in 2007, 15-year cumulative BP levels higher than the median, that is, 1970.8/1239.9 mmHg·year for cumulative SBP/DBP, which were equivalent to maintaining SBP/DBP levels of 131/83 mmHg or above on average in 15 years, were associated with higher risk of CVD in subsequent years independent of BP measurements at one-time point.@*CONCLUSION@#Cumulative exposure to moderate elevation of BP is independently associated with increased future cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Pressure/physiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Humans , Hypertension/epidemiology , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors
8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 926-931, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early changes of serum biomarkers in rats with mild blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) in cabin.Methods:Explosion source in the simulated cabin was detonated by initiator. The bTBI rat models caused by explosion shock wave in cabin were established. A total of 24 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into normal control group ( n=6) and bTBI group ( n=18), according to the random number table. Rats in bTBI group were subdivided at 3, 24, and 72 h post-blast, with 6 rats at each time point. Shock wave pressure at the rat head was measured during the explosion. At 3, 24, and 72 h post-blast, the general condition of rats was observed. Rat blood was collected by cardiac puncture. Then brains were taken completely and quickly for pathological observation. HE staining was used to observe the changes of neurons in hippocampal CA1 area. The collected serum was tested for levels of biomarkers, including interleukin- 6 (IL-6), neuron specific enolase(NSE), S100-β, alpha Ⅱ-spectrin breakdown product-145 (SBDP-145) and Tau. Results:The maximum peak value of the shock wave pressure curve at the rat head was (818.2±33.3)kPa, and the duration was about 1 000 μs. After the explosion, the activity of the rats decreased significantly, the hair was dull, and the appetite decreased. General observation showed that the brain tissue was obviously swollen, the blood vessels on the brain surface were thickened, and there was a little patchy bleeding, but no obvious brain contusion was seen. HE staining showed that some neurons in the hippocampus CA1 area had apoptosis or necrosis. At 3, 24, and 72 hours post-blast, the levels of IL-6 were (155.3±10.7)pg/ml, (171.3±25.3)pg/ml and (155.6±18.2)pg/ml, all of which were significantly higher than that in normal control group [(116.3±7.3)pg/ml]( P<0.05); the levels of NSE were (12.0±1.0)ng/ml, (11.0±1.0)ng/ml and (11.0±1.2)ng/ml, all of which were significantly higher than that in normal control group [(8.1±0.5)ng/ml]( P<0.05); the levels of S100-β were (71.9±10.7)pg/ml, (58.0±11.5)pg/ml and (56.5±12.2)pg/ml, all of which were significantly higher than that in normal control group [(35.2±2.5)pg/ml] ( P<0.05); the levels of SBDP-145 were (29.4±2.8)ng/ml, (24.5±4.8)ng/ml and (20.7±2.1)ng/ml, and only the level at 3 h post-blast was significantly higher than that in normal control group [(20.9±1.2)ng/ml]( P<0.05); the levels of Tau were (141.4±11.7)pg/ml, (189.5±28.2)pg/ml and (179.1±32.5)pg/ml, all of which were significantly higher than that in normal control group [(97.8±5.9)pg/ml]( P<0.05). Conclusion:The serum levels of IL-6, NSE, S100-β, SBDP-145 and Tau in mild bTBI rats increase in various degrees at early time, which provides a theoretical basis for use of serum markers in the early diagnosis of mild bTBI.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867130

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating effects of self-control and rumination between neuroticism and insomnia in college students.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 767 college students from a university in Sichuan province with Chinese big five personality inventory-15, insomnia severity index, ruminative responses scale, and self-control scale.Results:The prevalence of insomnia was 36.6% among college students.The scores of neuroticism (9.63±3.41), rumination (22.27±5.44) and ISI (6.61±4.28) were positively correlated with each other ( r=0.281-0.389, P<0.01), while each of them was negatively correlated ( r=-0.453--0.194, all P<0.01) with self-control (60.71±9.41). Analysis of mediating effects revealed that neuroticism not only directly affected insomnia, but also indirectly affected insomnia through the mediating effects of rumination and self-control respectively. Conclusion:Self-control and rumination have mediating effects between neuroticism and insomnia in college students.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873124

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the effect of modified Longdan Xiegantang in treatment of anal sinusitis patients with syndrome of interior dampness-heat and on immune response, oxidative stress. Method::A total of 80 cases of anal sinusitis patients with syndrome of interior dampness-heat treated in our hospital from May 2017 to May 2018 were randomly divided into two groups, with 40 cases in each group. The control group was treated by enema with Metronidazole injection combined with gentamicin sulfate injection. In addition to the therapy of the control group, the treatment group was also given modified Longdan Xiegantang. The symptoms and signs score, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), procalcitonin (PCT), CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, immunoglobulin A(IgA), IgG, IgM, IgE, SOD, propylene glycol (MDA) levels of two groups were observed before and after treatment, and the curative effect, reactions and relapse were observed. Result::The clinical efficacy of treatment group was significantly better than that of control group, and the rank-sum test showed statistically significant differences (Z=1.981, P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of symptoms, such as anal distension and pain, and signs, such as anal sinus tenderness, hyperemia and edema in the treatment group were lower than those in control group (P<0.05). The levels of TNF-α, PCT, IL-2, IL-6 and MDA in treatment group were lower than those in control group (P<0.05). The levels of IL-4, IL-10, IFN-γ and SOD in treatment group were higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The recurrence rate was 5.13%in treatment group, and 21.05%in control group, indicating a significant difference (χ2=4.319, P<0.05). Conclusion::Modified Longdan Xiegantang is effective in treating syndrome of interior dampness-heat anal sinusitis. It can effectively relieve symptoms, regulate pro-inflammatory/anti-inflammatory balance and Th1/Th2 balance, improve cellular immune function and humoral immune function, inhibit oxidative stress response, and reduce recurrence rate, with a high safety.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 555-558, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869691

ABSTRACT

The traditional androgen deprivation therapy has been challenged since the appearance of castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). More and more researches are focusing on searching the proper molecular target to inhibit the progression of tumors. Ubiquitin specific protease 7(USP7), as an important deubiquitinating enzyme, regulates the half-life or subcellular localization of key proteins via posttranslational modification. It has been reported recently that prostate cancer cells are suppressed by USP7 inhibitors, but the complicated mechanisms remain to clarify. In this paper, we review the mechanism of USP7 in prostate cancer, suggesting the potential value of USP7 inhibitors in the treatment of CRPC.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 318-320, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869644

ABSTRACT

Testicular torsion is one of the most common scrotal emergencies in urology, which often requires emergency surgery to preserve the turned testicle. There are many studies suggest that testis still has ischemia-reperfusion injury after detorsion, which will threaten the sex hormone levels and fertility of patients. This paper reviewed the research progress of testicular torsion in order to improve clinicians’ understanding of testicular torsion.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1165-1174, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To predict the therapeutic effect by 3D CT simulating osteotomy and to study the outcome of Bernese triple osteotomy for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in elder children (≥ 8 years).Methods:19 involved hips in12 elder Children with DDH treated with Bernese triple osteotomy from July 2014 to June 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 involved hips in 5 boys and 12 involved hips in 7 girls with an average age of 11.14±1.98 years (8-13.33 years) at operation. 4 children were involved in left side, 1 child in right side and 7 children in both sides. 8 hips were classified in type I and 11 hips in type II as Tonnis classification. 6 hips were acetabular dysplasia with Reimers's indexes between 0.20 and 0.33 and 13 hips were subluxation with Reimers's indexes between 0.33 and 1. All the children were detected with DDH for the first time with no basic diseases and there was no previous treatment adopted. A simulating osteotomy by 3D CT of pelvis-femurs was given to each of the children pre-operation and Bernese triple osteotomy with varus derotation osteotomy in proximal femoral was applied simultaneously. The changes of Sharp angles, center edge angles, Reimers's indexes and lengths of sacrospinous ligaments were compared and P<0.05 was considered as statistical significance in the differences. Radiological results and the improvements of limbs' functions were evaluated at the latest follow-up. Results:12 children with 19 involved hips were followed up successfully with an average period of 2 years and 11months (1 year 4 months-4 years). Sharp angles were improved from 55°±3° to 36°±3°, CEAs were improved from -8°±14° to 22°±3°, Reimers's indexes were improved from 0.50±0.17 to 0.14±0.03 and lengths of sacrospinous ligaments decreased from 48.40±10.00 mm to 41.60±10.47 mm with statistical significance in the differences (all P<0.05). Disrupted Shenton lines in 12 hips pre-operation turned to be continuous post-operation. 12 hips as excellent, 4 hips as good and 3 hips as moderate with the excellent-good rate of 84% were seen as modified Severin classification. 12 hips as excellent, 6 hips as good and 1 hip as moderate with the excellent-good rate of 95% were seen as modified McKay classification. Nonunions of ischia were seen in 2 hips and limbs lengths discrepancies <2 cm were seen in 2 children. No avascular necrosis, infection, break of screw or injury of vessel and nerve was seen in all children. Conclusion:More precise indication, more meticulous operation and more intuitive outcome could be actualized assisted with 3D CT. The short-term effect of Bernese triple osteotomy for DDH in elder children is really significant and should be popularized in clinical.

14.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1050-1058, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831129

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Whether craniospinal irradiation (CSI) could be replaced by limited-field radiation in non-metastatic bifocal germinoma remains controversial. We addressed the issue based on the data from our series and the literature. @*Methods@#Data from 49 patients diagnosed with non-metastatic bifocal germinoma at our hospital during the last 10 years were collected. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 was used to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Additionally, 81 patients identified from the literature were also analyzed independently. @*Results@#In our cohort, 34 patients had tumors in the sellar/suprasellar (S/SS) plus pineal gland (PG) regions and 15 in the S/SS plus basal ganglia/thalamus (BG/T) regions. The median follow-up period was 52 months (range, 10 to 134 months). Our survival analysis showed that patients treated with CSI (n=12) or whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT; n=34) had comparable disease-free survival (DFS; p=0.540), but better DFS than those treated with focal radiotherapy (FR; n=3, p=0.016). All 81 patients from the literature had tumors in the S/SS+PG regions. Relapses were documented in 4/45 patients treated with FR, 2/17 treated with whole-ventricle irradiation, 0/4 treated with WBRT, and 1/15 treated with CSI. Survival analysis did not reveal DFS differences between the types of radiation field (p=0.785). HRQOL analysis (n=44) in our cohort found that, compared with S/SS+PG germinoma, patients with BG/T involvement had significantly lower scores in social and school domains. However, HRQOL difference between patients treated with CSI and those not treated with CSI was not significant. @*Conclusion@#In patients with non-metastatic bifocal germinoma, it is rational that CSI could be replaced by limited-field radiation. HRQOL in patients with BG/T involvement was poorer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) on electrophysiological epileptic activities of mouse hippocampal pyramidal neurons in the extracellular acidotic condition.@*METHODS@#We investigated effects of extracellular acidosis on epileptic activities induced by elevated extracellular K concentration or the application of an antagonist of GABA receptors in perfusate of mouse hippocampal slices under field potential recordings. We also tested the effects of extracellular acidosis on neuronal excitability under field potential recording and evaluated the changes in epileptic activities of the neurons in response to pharmacological inhibition of ASICs using a specific inhibitor of ASICs.@*RESULTS@#Extracellular acidosis significantly suppressed epileptic activities of the hippocampal neurons by converting ictal-like epileptic activities to non-ictal-like epileptic activities in both high [K ]o and disinhibition models, and also suppressed the intrinsic excitability of the neurons. ASICs inhibitor did not antagonize the inhibitory effect of extracellular acidosis on ictal epileptic activities and intrinsic neuronal excitability, but exacerbated non-ictal epileptic activities of the neurons in extracellular acidotic condition in both high [K]o and disinhibition models.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ASICs can differentially modulate ictal-like and non-ictallike epileptic activities via its direct actions on excitatory neurons.


Subject(s)
Acid Sensing Ion Channels , Acidosis , Animals , Hippocampus , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Mice , Pyramidal Cells
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1205-1215, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828851

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome, hypercoagulability, hypertension, and multiorgan dysfunction. Effective antivirals with safe clinical profile are urgently needed to improve the overall prognosis. In an analysis of a randomly collected cohort of 124 patients with COVID-19, we found that hypercoagulability as indicated by elevated concentrations of D-dimers was associated with disease severity. By virtual screening of a U.S. FDA approved drug library, we identified an anticoagulation agent dipyridamole (DIP) , which suppressed SARS-CoV-2 replication . In a proof-of-concept trial involving 31 patients with COVID-19, DIP supplementation was associated with significantly decreased concentrations of D-dimers ( < 0.05), increased lymphocyte and platelet recovery in the circulation, and markedly improved clinical outcomes in comparison to the control patients. In particular, all 8 of the DIP-treated severely ill patients showed remarkable improvement: 7 patients (87.5%) achieved clinical cure and were discharged from the hospitals while the remaining 1 patient (12.5%) was in clinical remission.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) on electrophysiological epileptic activities of mouse hippocampal pyramidal neurons in the extracellular acidotic condition.@*METHODS@#We investigated effects of extracellular acidosis on epileptic activities induced by elevated extracellular K concentration or the application of an antagonist of GABA receptors in perfusate of mouse hippocampal slices under field potential recordings. We also tested the effects of extracellular acidosis on neuronal excitability under field potential recording and evaluated the changes in epileptic activities of the neurons in response to pharmacological inhibition of ASICs using a specific inhibitor of ASICs.@*RESULTS@#Extracellular acidosis significantly suppressed epileptic activities of the hippocampal neurons by converting ictal-like epileptic activities to non-ictal-like epileptic activities in both high [K ]o and disinhibition models, and also suppressed the intrinsic excitability of the neurons. ASICs inhibitor did not antagonize the inhibitory effect of extracellular acidosis on ictal epileptic activities and intrinsic neuronal excitability, but exacerbated non-ictal epileptic activities of the neurons in extracellular acidotic condition in both high [K]o and disinhibition models.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ASICs can differentially modulate ictal-like and non-ictallike epileptic activities via its direct actions on excitatory neurons.


Subject(s)
Acid Sensing Ion Channels , Metabolism , Acidosis , Animals , Epilepsy , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Mice , Pyramidal Cells , Pathology , Physiology
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2073-2078, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802852

ABSTRACT

Background@#Rapid visual acuity (VA) decline was a common complaint in patients with sellar/suprasellar germinoma. In our hospital, 3.4 Gy/2f of emergency irradiation was applied to save patient VA and enable subsequent chemoradiotherapy. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of emergency irradiation with 3.4 Gy/2f in patients with sellar/suprasellar germinoma who had rapid VA decline.@*Methods@#From January 2014 to December 2017, 33 patients with sellar/suprasellar germinoma who complained of VA decline within 3 months received 3.4 Gy/2f of emergency irradiation in Beijing Tiantan Hospital. The best-corrected VA (BCVA) and mean deviation (MD) were measured. Correlations between visual function change and clinical factors, including age at diagnosis, duration of VA decline, extent of tumor regression, serum level of tumor markers, were analyzed.@*Results@#Among 33 patients with sellar/suprasellar germinoma, the median diameter and volume of sellar/suprasellar lesions were 32 mm (range: 5–55 mm) and 12.9 cm3 (range 0.6–58.5 cm3), respectively. Data on pre- and post-emergency-irradiation BCVA were obtained in 32 patients. For the right eyes, BCVA was improved in 23 patients (71.9%), unchanged in 7 (21.9%), and worsened in 2 (6.2%); and for the left eyes, these numbers were 27 (84.4%), 4 (12.5%), and 1 (3.1%), respectively. In terms of the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution = Log (1/BCVA) score, the improvement was significant in both eyes (P < 0.001). In terms of MD, six patients had paired data and the improvement was marginal in the right eyes (P = 0.068) and significant in the left eyes (P = 0.043). However, no clinical factor was found to have correlation with visual function improvement.@*Conclusion@#In sellar/suprasellar germinoma patients with VA decline, 3.4 Gy/2f of emergency irradiation was effective in improving visual function.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore effect of modified Qingre Shenshi Tang on inflammatory factors, oxidative stress and immune function in chronic antral sinusitis patients with damp-heat pouring downward syndrome. Method:A total of 94 cases of chronic antral sinusitis treated in our hospital from June 2017 to April 2018 were randomly divided into two groups, with 47 cases in each group. Control group was treated with metronidazole combined with gentamicin enema. In addition to the therapy of control group, the treatment group was given modified Qingre Shenshi Tang. The symptom scores, interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), gamma interferon (IFN-γ), super oxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), 8-hydroxy deoxyguanosine (8-OHDG), CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ levels of the two groups were observed before and after treatment, and the curative effect, reactions and relapse were observed. Result:After treatment, the total effective rates of treatment group(87.23%) and control group (78.72%) showed statistically significant differences (Z=2.067, PPα, IL-6, IL-8, MDA, AOPP, 8-OHDG, CD8+in the treatment group were lower than those in control group (Pγ, SOD, CD3+, CD4+, CD4+/CD8+were higher than those in control group (Pχ2=4.681, PConclusion:Modified Qingre Shenshi Tang has a good curative effect in the treatment of chronic antral sinusitis patients with damp-heat pouring downward syndrome by relieving symptoms, inhibiting inflammatory response, regulating oxidative stress, improving immune function and controlling recurrence rate.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1312-1316, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801270

ABSTRACT

Neurofibrillary tangle-predominant dementia(NFTPD)is one type of late-onset dementia, with memory disorders as the main clinical manifestation.The pathological feature is the presence of a large number of neurofibrillary tangle(NFT)in the hippocampus with no or little amyloid deposition in the brain.In recent years, primary age-related tauopathy(PART)has been proposed as a new pathological term, which means that NFT appears in the medial temporal lobe with aging, but no amyloid deposits, and NFTPD is one type of dementia associated with the progression of PART.

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