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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875293

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The mitotic count of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) is closely associated with the risk of planting and metastasis. The purpose of this study was to develop a predictive model for the mitotic index of local primary GIST, based on deep learning algorithm. @*Materials and Methods@#Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT images of 148 pathologically confirmed GIST cases were retrospectively collected for the development of a deep learning classification algorithm. The areas of GIST masses on the CT images were retrospectively labelled by an experienced radiologist. The postoperative pathological mitotic count was considered as the gold standard (high mitotic count, > 5/50 high-power fields [HPFs]; low mitotic count, ≤ 5/50 HPFs). A binary classification model was trained on the basis of the VGG16 convolutional neural network, using the CT images with the training set (n = 108), validation set (n = 20), and the test set (n = 20). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated at both, the image level and the patient level. The receiver operating characteristic curves were generated on the basis of the model prediction results and the area under curves (AUCs) were calculated. The risk categories of the tumors were predicted according to the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology criteria. @*Results@#At the image level, the classification prediction results of the mitotic counts in the test cohort were as follows:sensitivity 85.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.834–0.877), specificity 67.5% (95% CI: 0.636–0.712), PPV 82.1% (95% CI: 0.797–0.843), NPV 73.0% (95% CI: 0.691–0.766), and AUC 0.771 (95% CI: 0.750–0.791). At the patient level, the classification prediction results in the test cohort were as follows: sensitivity 90.0% (95% CI: 0.541–0.995), specificity 70.0% (95% CI: 0.354–0.919), PPV 75.0% (95% CI: 0.428–0.933), NPV 87.5% (95% CI: 0.467–0.993), and AUC 0.800 (95% CI: 0.563–0.943). @*Conclusion@#We developed and preliminarily verified the GIST mitotic count binary prediction model, based on the VGG convolutional neural network. The model displayed a good predictive performance.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of acute drug poisoning, and provide better management for poisoned patients in Emergency Department.Methods:We retrospectively enrolled 197 patients diagnosed as acute drug poisoning in Emergency Department of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019. Medical records included age, gender, baseline diseases, medication time, visit time, kinds of drugs, drug concentrations, accompanying symptom, hospitalization duration, treatment, fluid resuscitation and outcomes. The inclusion criteria were as follows: age≥ 14 years old, and met the criteria of acute poisoning. The exclusion criteria were as follows: age<14 years old; incomplete clinical data; pesticide poisoning; toxic gas poisoning; and other non-drug poisoning. All patients were divided into the survival group and death group according to their outcomes at the discharge. Clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters and treatments were compared using the Student’s t test, Mann-Whitney U test, as appropriate. Results:The mean age of all the patients was 38.9±20.4 years. The majority were young patients, accounting for 134 cases (68.0%). The accompanying symptoms included consciousness disturbance (106 cases), dizziness (56 cases), fatigue (38 cases), and nausea and/or vomiting (42 cases). The duration of medication-to-visit time was 0.5-96 h, with an average of 7.17±0.89 h. The types of drugs included 105 (53.2%) sedatives and hypnotics, 73 antipsychotics (37.1%), 17 antibiotics (8.6%), and 20 antipyretic analgesics (10.2%). The Glasgow comascale (GCS) score of patients in the survival group was higher than that of the death group (12.47±3.05 vs 7.60±4.43, P<0.01). In the death group, the alanine aminotransferase, urea nitrogen, creatinine, cardiac troponin I, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer were higher than those of the survival group (all P<0.05). One hundred and eighty-seven patients were cured, while 10 patients died. One hundred and fifty-nine patients were treated with gastric lavage, and 23 patients were treated with blood purification. The concentrations of toxic drugs before and after treatment in 134 poisoned patients were compared. The concentration of drugs after treatment was significantly lower than that before treatment. Conclusions:Acute non-pesticide poisoning in Emergency Department is mainly caused by sedatives, hypnotics, antipsychotics, and antipyretics and analgesics. It is important to conduct laboratory examinations for toxic medications to provide better management for poisoned patients. It is necessary to establish a standardized monitoring system and management path for acute drug poisoning.

3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 695-716, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888726

ABSTRACT

The hippocampus plays a crucial role in learning and memory, and its progressive deterioration with age is functionally linked to a variety of human neurodegenerative diseases. Yet a systematic profiling of the aging effects on various hippocampal cell types in primates is still missing. Here, we reported a variety of new aging-associated phenotypic changes of the primate hippocampus. These include, in particular, increased DNA damage and heterochromatin erosion with time, alongside loss of proteostasis and elevated inflammation. To understand their cellular and molecular causes, we established the first single-nucleus transcriptomic atlas of primate hippocampal aging. Among the 12 identified cell types, neural transiently amplifying progenitor cell (TAPC) and microglia were most affected by aging. In-depth dissection of gene-expression dynamics revealed impaired TAPC division and compromised neuronal function along the neurogenesis trajectory; additionally elevated pro-inflammatory responses in the aged microglia and oligodendrocyte, as well as dysregulated coagulation pathways in the aged endothelial cells may contribute to a hostile microenvironment for neurogenesis. This rich resource for understanding primate hippocampal aging may provide potential diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic interventions against age-related neurodegenerative diseases.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828990

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Owing to antibiotic abuse and the subsequent development of antibiotic resistance, bacterial infection has become one of the most persistent unresolved problems. New antibacterial agents, especially those that are environmental-friendly, are urgently needed.@*Methods@#Melanin extracted by filtration centrifugation and acid and proteolytic hydrolysis was characterized using UV, FTIR, TEM, and XPS. Photothermal conversion was calculated, and the bacteriostatic effects, and , were assessed by plate counting and ratios (%) of wound areas.@*Results@#Natural melanin hydrolyzed by trypsin had good photothermal conversion effects, which resulted in superior bacteriostatic activities. The extracted melanin along with laser NIR irradiation at 808 nm promoted the healing of wounds infected by drug-resistant bacteria and was biocompatible according to toxicity tests and .@*Conclusion@#The present findings indicated a safe and efficient method of developing natural antibacterial agents.


Subject(s)
Animal Shells , Chemistry , Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Escherichia coli , Radiation Effects , Escherichia coli Infections , Drug Therapy , Melanins , Pharmacology , Mytilus edulis , Chemistry , Photochemical Processes , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Staphylococcal Infections , Drug Therapy , Staphylococcus aureus , Radiation Effects , Wound Healing
5.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 740-770, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828746

ABSTRACT

Age-associated changes in immune cells have been linked to an increased risk for infection. However, a global and detailed characterization of the changes that human circulating immune cells undergo with age is lacking. Here, we combined scRNA-seq, mass cytometry and scATAC-seq to compare immune cell types in peripheral blood collected from young and old subjects and patients with COVID-19. We found that the immune cell landscape was reprogrammed with age and was characterized by T cell polarization from naive and memory cells to effector, cytotoxic, exhausted and regulatory cells, along with increased late natural killer cells, age-associated B cells, inflammatory monocytes and age-associated dendritic cells. In addition, the expression of genes, which were implicated in coronavirus susceptibility, was upregulated in a cell subtype-specific manner with age. Notably, COVID-19 promoted age-induced immune cell polarization and gene expression related to inflammation and cellular senescence. Therefore, these findings suggest that a dysregulated immune system and increased gene expression associated with SARS-CoV-2 susceptibility may at least partially account for COVID-19 vulnerability in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Betacoronavirus , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Cell Lineage , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly , Coronavirus Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology , Cytokines , Genetics , Disease Susceptibility , Flow Cytometry , Methods , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Immune System , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Immunocompetence , Genetics , Inflammation , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Single-Cell Analysis , Transcriptome , Young Adult
6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 740-770, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828582

ABSTRACT

Age-associated changes in immune cells have been linked to an increased risk for infection. However, a global and detailed characterization of the changes that human circulating immune cells undergo with age is lacking. Here, we combined scRNA-seq, mass cytometry and scATAC-seq to compare immune cell types in peripheral blood collected from young and old subjects and patients with COVID-19. We found that the immune cell landscape was reprogrammed with age and was characterized by T cell polarization from naive and memory cells to effector, cytotoxic, exhausted and regulatory cells, along with increased late natural killer cells, age-associated B cells, inflammatory monocytes and age-associated dendritic cells. In addition, the expression of genes, which were implicated in coronavirus susceptibility, was upregulated in a cell subtype-specific manner with age. Notably, COVID-19 promoted age-induced immune cell polarization and gene expression related to inflammation and cellular senescence. Therefore, these findings suggest that a dysregulated immune system and increased gene expression associated with SARS-CoV-2 susceptibility may at least partially account for COVID-19 vulnerability in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Betacoronavirus , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Cell Lineage , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly , Coronavirus Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology , Cytokines , Genetics , Disease Susceptibility , Flow Cytometry , Methods , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Immune System , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Immunocompetence , Genetics , Inflammation , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Single-Cell Analysis , Transcriptome , Young Adult
7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 740-770, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827016

ABSTRACT

Age-associated changes in immune cells have been linked to an increased risk for infection. However, a global and detailed characterization of the changes that human circulating immune cells undergo with age is lacking. Here, we combined scRNA-seq, mass cytometry and scATAC-seq to compare immune cell types in peripheral blood collected from young and old subjects and patients with COVID-19. We found that the immune cell landscape was reprogrammed with age and was characterized by T cell polarization from naive and memory cells to effector, cytotoxic, exhausted and regulatory cells, along with increased late natural killer cells, age-associated B cells, inflammatory monocytes and age-associated dendritic cells. In addition, the expression of genes, which were implicated in coronavirus susceptibility, was upregulated in a cell subtype-specific manner with age. Notably, COVID-19 promoted age-induced immune cell polarization and gene expression related to inflammation and cellular senescence. Therefore, these findings suggest that a dysregulated immune system and increased gene expression associated with SARS-CoV-2 susceptibility may at least partially account for COVID-19 vulnerability in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Betacoronavirus , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Cell Lineage , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly , Coronavirus Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology , Cytokines , Genetics , Disease Susceptibility , Flow Cytometry , Methods , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Immune System , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Immunocompetence , Genetics , Inflammation , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Single-Cell Analysis , Transcriptome , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the association of maternal nutrition status in the first trimester with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and macrosomia.Methods:378 pregnant women who took prenatal care in Shunyi Women′s and Children′s Hospital of Beijing Children′s Hospital were enrolled in the study. Blood samples were collected at first prenatal visit (<12 gestation weeks) to measure the level of hemoglobin and iron status indexes including serum iron, ferritin, transferrin, total iron binding capacity, iron saturation, transferrin saturation. The incidence of GDM and macrosomia were collected and Logistic regression was used to evaluate the associations of maternal nutrients status in the first trimester with GDM and macrosomia.Results:The incidence rate of GDM was16.9%,the incidence of anemia and iron deficiency in the first trimester were2.4% and 2.5%, respectively. After adjustment for variables such as maternal age, pre-pregnancy BMI, family history of diabetes, and parity, Logistic regression showed that in the first trimester, iron saturation>50% ( OR=0.238, 95% CI 0.068-0.831), transferrin saturation>50% ( OR=0.08, 95% CI 0.010-0.677) were protective factors of GDM; iron saturation 25%-50% ( OR=0.361, 95% CI 0.143-0.908); transferrin saturation 25%-50% ( OR=0.383, 95% CI 0.165-0.891); ferritin>30 ng/ml ( OR=0.418, 95% CI0.186-0.939) were protective factors of macrosomia. Conclusion:Maternal iron status in the first trimester might be associated with GDM and macrosomia. Thus, maternal iron status assessment in the first trimester is necessary.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 655-659, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the imaging manifestation and the value of imaging follow-up in Takayasu arteritis with pulmonary artery involvement in children.Methods:The data of Takayasu arteritis with pulmonary artery involvement in 7 children in Children Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from July 2014 to June 2019, were summarized retrospectively, including 1 boy and 6 girls. There were 6 children under 1 year old, the age ranged from 2 to 7 months and the median age was 3 months old. Another child was 12 years old. CT images of all cases in the initial diagnosis and during the follow-up were reconstructed. The diameters and wall thickness of arteries were observed, including ascending aorta, main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery and each lobe pulmonary artery. The diameter ratio of main pulmonary artery to ascending aorta (MPA/AAO) was calculated. The pulmonary artery pressure, the diameters of left and right coronary artery were measured using echocardiography and compared in the initial diagnosis and during the follow-up.Results:All the 7 cases showed main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery widened, 6 cases showed lobe pulmonary arteries widened, 2 cases showed main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery wall thickened, and 6 cases showed lobe pulmonary arteries wall thickened. All the 7 cases showed MPA/AAO>1 in the initial diagnosis, but only 1 case (12-year-old girl) presented pulmonary hypertension from echocardiography. All the 7 cases showed coronary artery dilated in different degrees and ranges in the initial diagnosis, including 3 cases with bilateral coronary artery dilatation and 4 unilaterally. Five children were followed up and showed improvement of pulmonary artery dilatation in 4 cases and progress in 1 case. MPA/AAO decreased in 4 cases and increased in 1 case. The pulmonary hypertension of the 12-year-old patient decreased during the follow-up, and the MPA/AAO also decreased from 1.64 to 1.01. Coronary artery dilatation decreased in 4 of 5 cases during the follow-up.Conclusion:CT imaging can clearly show pulmonary arteries, which plays an important role in the diagnosis and assessment of the treatment effect in Takayasu arteritis with pulmonary artery involvement in children.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755871

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of laparoscopic splenectomy and esophagogastric devascularization(LSPD) vs.open procedure(OSPD) on stress and immune function in patients with portal hypertension due to cirrhosis.Methods From June 2015 to June 2017 a total of 66 patients underwent LSPD or OSPD procedures.Results Plasma cortisol concentration in the LSPD group was lower than that in the OSPD group (Fgroup =18.85,P =0.020).Cortisol concentration in the two groups increased firstly and then decreased with time extension (Ftime =532.08,P =0.000).The level of CD3 +,CD4 +,CD4 +/CD8 + in LSPD group was higher than that in OSPD group,and the level of CD8 + was lower than that in OSPD group (Fgroup =3.55,21.47,154.84,64.29,P < 0.05),the levels of CD3 +,CD4 + and CD4 +/CD8 + in the two groups first decreased and then increased with the extension of time,and the levels of CD8 + increased firstly and then decreased (Ftime =199.22,298.48,864.33,510.23,P < 0.05),the increase range of CD3 +,CD4 +,and CD4 +/CD8 + in LSED group was higher than that in OSPD group (Finteraction =19.27,18.21,79.55,35.21,P < 0.05);there was no statistical significance in the complications such as:rebleeding,thrombosis and splenic fever in the two groups (x2 =0.05,0.67,0.07,0.16,P=0.829,0.413,0.789,0.693).But the postoperative chest/cavity effusion and fever (> 38.0 ℃,and > 3 days) is OSPD group is higher than in the LSPD group(x2 =5.49,6.68,P =0.019,0.010).Conclusion LSPD effectively reduces postoperative stress,protects immune function,decreases postoperative pleural and abdominal effusion and fever.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745812

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic choledochoscopy for common bile duct exploration in patients of common bile duct stones with a history of previous abdominal surgery.Methods From March 2015 to May 2016,100 cases were divided into laparoscopic and open common bile duct exploration in our department.Hospital stay,costs and complications were compared.Results The blood loss,cost,fasting time and hospital stay in the laparoscopy group were less than those in the open group.There were no significant differences in alanine aminotransferase,total bilirubin,albumin,prothrombin time,leukocyte,C-reactive protein,operative time and complications between the two groups.Conclusion Laparoscopic choledochoscopy for common bile duct exploration is an effective and safe method for the treatment of common bile duct stones in patients with previous history of abdominal surgery.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745810

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic hepatectomy in the treatment of hepatic malignant tumors.Methods 136 liver cancer patients were divided into:laparoscopic surgery group (LR group,51 cases) and open surgery group (OR group,85 cases).Serum enzyme,inflammatory factors and postoperative complications were compared between the 2 groups.Results The operative time of LR group was significantly longer than that of OR group (252 ± 123) min vs.(169 ± 63 min),hospitalization time (10 ± 5) d vs.(12 ± 5) d and intraoperative blood loss in LR group were lower than those in OR group (381 ±156) ml vs.(523 ±325) ml (all P<0.05).ALT,AST,ALP in LR group was significantly lower than that in OR group [ALT:(227 ±101) U/L vs.(690 ±575) U/L,AST:(187±107) U/Lvs.(551 ±529) U/L,ALP:(63 ±25)U/Lvs.(86 ±40)U/L,allP<0.05].Prothrombin time in LR group was shorter than that in OR group [(14.3 ±0.8) s vs.(15.3 ± 1.6)s,P =0.000].The postoperative IL-6,TNF-α in LR group was lower than that in OR group [IL-6:(154 ±31)pg/ml vs.(182 ±34) pg/ml,TNF-α:(22 ±6) pg/ml vs.(30 ±7) pg/ml,all P <0.05].Postoperative complications in laparoscopic group were significantly lower than those in laparotomy group (3.9% vs.11.8%,P < 0.05).Conclusions Laparoscopic resection of liver malignant tumors is safer and has less complications,lower inflammatory stress response and liver injury.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745682

ABSTRACT

This study reported two women with extreme obesity who underwent metabolic surgery due to their mutations in leptin receptor (LEPR).Genomic DNA was extracted from the anticoagulant blood samples of the two patients and their parents.A panel of genes related to metabolic diseases or whole exon sequencing was screened and the results were confirmed by Sanger sequencing.This is the first time that these three mutations in LEPR were reported.Two patients complained insatiety and early-onset obesity since childhood at clinics.Patient 1 was a 39-year-old woman with height 150 cm,weight 130 kg,and BMI 57.8 kg/m2.Serum leptin level was 156.4 μg/L.A homozygous mutation of c.2317G>T was found in exon 15 of LEPR gene in patient 1,which was descended from her father and mother respectively.Patient 2 was a 37-year-old woman with height 158 cm,weight 167 kg,and BMI 67 kg/m2.Serum leptin level was 193.4 μg/L.Genetic analysis showed compound heterozygous mutations of c.1482delT and c.1892C > A.Her father showed heterozygous c.1482delT mutation,and her mother carried heterozygous c.1892C > A mutation.Two patients all underwent metabolic surgery with body weight reduction of about 22 kg and 40 kg respectively after first six months.However,the follow-up studies showed that the body weight of patient 1 rebounded to pre-surgery level in two years and patient 2 did not further lose weight in the following six months.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779518

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between unhealthy diets and depression in early pregnancy. Methods 7 976 women in early pregnancy were recruited and analyzed in this study from the Chinese Pregnant Women Cohort Study (CPWCS) from July 25th, 2017 to July 24th, 2018. Differences of baseline characteristics between the two groups were conducted by a chi-square test. The qualitative food frequency questionnaire and the edinburgh postnatal depression scale were used to assess depression status and food intake frequency during the first trimester respectively. Log-binomial regression was used to analyze the relationship between unhealthy diets and depression in early pregnancy. Prevalence ratio (PR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated. Results Eating regularly (PR=0.45, 95% CI:0.38-0.54,P<0.001) and eating breakfast frequently (PR=0.80, 95% CI:0.72-0.90, P<0.001) were related to the low incidence of depression while frequent consumption of fried food (PR=1.25, 95% CI:1.03-1.53, P=0.027), Western-style fast food (PR=1.36, 95% CI:1.06-1.74, P=0.015) and puffed food (PR=1.37, 95% CI:1.11-1.70, P=0.003) as well as drinking sugar-sweetened beverage (PR=1.37, 95% CI:1.17-1.61, P<0.001),wine (PR=1.60, 95% CI:1.26-2.01, P<0.001) and liqueur (PR=1.26, 95% CI:1.00-1.59, P=0.047) were linked with the high incidence of depression. Conclusions There might be an association between unhealthy diets and depression in early pregnancy. Pregnant women should take the initiative to better understand what are healthy diets and reduce the frequency of unhealthy diets consumption to decrease the incidence of depression during pregnancy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773245

ABSTRACT

Wolfberry has important unique medical values as well as edible and commerce values. In this paper,we analyze the characteristics and problems of international trade of wolfberry based on the customs data between 2008 and 2017. During periods of these ten years,the wolfberry was mainly exported with a small proportions of imports. The total export volume increased steadily,reached 82 182. 08 tons and 696. 622 million dollars respectively. Wolfberry came from 31 provinces/autonomous regions and exported to 105 countries and regions through 21 ports. Most of the total exports of wolfberry flew to markets of Asia and Europe,the Ningxia autonomous region was the major export province. Large amount of wolfberry exported through Tianjin port. Compared with the export volume,the import is almost negligible,mainly coming from North Korea,almost all through Changchun port,Jilin province to enter the domestic market. There is a situation of"import of domestic goods". To enhance the international competitiveness of wolf berry industry,we must rely on the fundamental research of wolfberry,speed up the standardization process,strengthen the scientific and technological innovation in wolfberry products,improve the added value and profit of wolfberry.


Subject(s)
Asia , China , Commerce , Europe , Lycium
16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1060-1063, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824758

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of tumor budding in the prognostic value of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ICC) after radical resection.Methods The clinicopathological data of patients undergoing radical resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma between 2011 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.The number of tumor budding was counted in a ×200 microscopic field (0.785mm2).Based on receiver operation curve (ROC),the number of tumor budding ≥ 15 was defined as high-grade group,and < 15 was low-grade group.Multivariate analysis were performed on predictors of the tumor.Results Low-grade group was observed in 32 cases and high-grade group in 50.High-grade group appeared to develop tumors with higher CA199,poor differentiation,larger tumor diameter,advanced stage and high risks of lymphnode metastasis (respectively x2 =5.470,4.359,5.101,4.696,5.960,all P < 0.05).Univariate analysis showed that tumor budding,CA199,differentiation,tumor diameter,T classification and lymphnode metastasis were related to the overall survival of patients with ICC (respectively x2 =11.704,4.876,5.056,5.152,8.442,16.725,all P < 0.05).On multivariable analysis,high-grade group was a significant independent predictor of worse OS (HR =2.707 95% CI 1.558-4.705,P < 0.001).Conclusions High-grade tumor budding is an important negative prognostic factor for ICC.

17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 249-271, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757893

ABSTRACT

Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a rare hereditary cerebrovascular disease caused by a NOTCH3 mutation. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms remain unidentified. Here, we generated non-integrative induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from fibroblasts of a CADASIL patient harboring a heterozygous NOTCH3 mutation (c.3226C>T, p.R1076C). Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) differentiated from CADASIL-specific iPSCs showed gene expression changes associated with disease phenotypes, including activation of the NOTCH and NF-κB signaling pathway, cytoskeleton disorganization, and excessive cell proliferation. In comparison, these abnormalities were not observed in vascular endothelial cells (VECs) derived from the patient's iPSCs. Importantly, the abnormal upregulation of NF-κB target genes in CADASIL VSMCs was diminished by a NOTCH pathway inhibitor, providing a potential therapeutic strategy for CADASIL. Overall, using this iPSC-based disease model, our study identified clues for studying the pathogenic mechanisms of CADASIL and developing treatment strategies for this disease.

18.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 649-667, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757890

ABSTRACT

RAP1 is a well-known telomere-binding protein, but its functions in human stem cells have remained unclear. Here we generated RAP1-deficient human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) by using CRISPR/Cas9 technique and obtained RAP1-deficient human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and neural stem cells (hNSCs) via directed differentiation. In both hMSCs and hNSCs, RAP1 not only negatively regulated telomere length but also acted as a transcriptional regulator of RELN by tuning the methylation status of its gene promoter. RAP1 deficiency enhanced self-renewal and delayed senescence in hMSCs, but not in hNSCs, suggesting complicated lineage-specific effects of RAP1 in adult stem cells. Altogether, these results demonstrate for the first time that RAP1 plays both telomeric and nontelomeric roles in regulating human stem cell homeostasis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805301

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore oral health care behavior and related factors among women in their 1st trimester.@*Methods@#Our analysis included 7 014 women in their 1st trimester aged 16 years or above from the baseline survey of the Chinese Pregnant Women Cohort Study (CPWCS). Data on socio-demographic characteristics and oral health care behavior were collected using an electronic questionnaire. Multiple-factors Logistic regression was used to analyze factors associated with oral health care behavior.@*Results@#The results revealed that 5 134 (73.20%), 2 482 (35.39%), and 1 046 (14.91%) pregnant women brushed their teeth twice a day or more, never had an oral examination, and used special oral care products for pregnant women, respectively. The frequency of brushing teeth and oral examination was positively associated with age and annual household income. Compared to unemployed pregnant women with rural registered residences and low education levels, highly educated and employed pregnant women with city registered residences had a higher frequency of brushing teeth and undergoing oral examination. Pregnant women with depressive symptoms had a lower frequency of brushing teeth (OR=0.73, 95% CI: 0.65-0.81), while those with medical insurance underwent more frequent oral examination (OR=1.19, 95% CI: 1.02-1.39). Compared to pregnant women who were unaware of the risk of gingivitis, those who believed gingivitis to be harmful to both themselves and their fetus had a higher frequency of brushing teeth and oral examination and were more likely to use special oral care products.@*Conclusion@#Most pregnant women did not pay attention to the need for oral examinations and special oral care products. Their oral health behavior was associated with socioeconomic status, depressive symptoms, and awareness of the importance of oral health. Therefore, oral health care before and during pregnancy was required to help them improve their self-care behavior.

20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 904-908, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800448

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To identify the feasibility and efficacy of indocyanine green (ICG) used in laparoscopic gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer patients.@*Methods@#From December 2018 to August 2019, the clinical data of 82 patients preoperatively diagnosed as advanced gastric cancer undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into ICG group(n=38) and a historical control group (non-ICG group, n=44). The number of retrieved lymph nodes, operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, fever time, evacuation time and complications were compared between these two groups.@*Results@#The operation time [(172.8±45.8) min vs (162.6±45.7) min], blood loss [(80.1±91.9) ml vs (78.6±89.8) ml], hospital stay [(7.0±2.0) d vs (7.5±2.4) d], fever time [(2.3±1.2) d vs (2.9±1.9) d], evacuation time [(3.4±0.8) d vs (3.4±1.1) d] and incidence of complications (5.3% vs 9.1%) were not significantly different between the ICG and historical control groups (P>0.05). The number of retrieved lymph nodes in ICG group was significantly increased compared with that of the historical control group (46.5 vs 33.0, P=0.005).@*Conclusions@#The ICG method applied in lymph node dissection of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy is safe. Moreover, ICG might elevate the efficiency of regional lymph node dissection.

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