Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 194
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885377

ABSTRACT

A survey on professional knowledge levels was conducted from April to October 2019 among 388 general practitioners (GPs) from 46 community health service centers and 30 township health centers of 6 provinces selected by stratified random sampling method. The overall knowledge test score was 31.82—84.09(56.94±9.19) points, and the pass rate was 36.3% (141/388). There were significant differences in test scores among participants with different types of work units, regions, provinces, marital status, educational background, professional titles, types of employment, length of service, and training status (all P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that educational background ( B=-2.835), professional title ( B=-8.867), and participation in professional course training ( B=2.214) were the influencing factors of knowledge level (all P<0.05). The pass rates in knowledge of prevention/health management (13.7%, 53/388) and policies and regulations (12.1%, 47/388) were low. The results show that the levels of professional knowledge among GPs working in grassroots health institutions are relatively low, and suggest that continuing education should be strengthened to improve the professional knowledge level of GPs in primary care institutions, particularly, knowledge of health policies and regulations, disease prevention and health management.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 104-109, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884967

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility, safety and clinical efficacy of ileum augmentation cystoplasty assisted by Da Vinci robot for the treatment of neurogenic bladder.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 12 patients with neurogenic bladder admitted to Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital from March 2017 to November 2018, including 11 males and 1 female, with the mean age of 38(12-67). Preoperative symptoms were urinary incontinence, dysuria, decreased bladder capacity, or increased bladder pressure leading to ureteral reflux. All the 12 patients underwent preoperative intermittent catheterization, including 8 patients with spinal cord injury and 4 patients with spinal cord dysplasia. Preoperative serum creatinine(129.58±44.60)μmol/L and total glomerular filtration rate(61.63±18.04)ml/(min·m 2) were observed in 12 patients. Preoperative urodynamic examination showed the safe bladder volume of (95.67±39.10)ml, bladder internal pressure of(63.30±6.02)cmH 2O(1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa)at the end of filling period, bladder compliance of(10.24±1.14)ml/cmH 2O, residual urine volume of(152.58±80.89)ml, and urine flow rate of(3.88±3.63)ml/s. Bladder contracture was evident on preoperative cystography. Ultrasound examination showed different degree of hydronephrosis and ureter expansion, in all cases, with ureteral reflux grading Ⅰin 2 cases, grade Ⅱ in 4 cases, grade Ⅲ in 4 cases, grade Ⅳ in 2 cases. All the 12 patients underwent robot-assisted ileum augmentation cystoplasty with 5-point puncture. Transverse incision of the bladder wall before full thickness, according to the amount of bladder and quality to decide 30 cm(normal), longitudinal cut back loops and one point after suture fixation in the bladder wall midpoint, fixed point as starting point, in turn, will be blind to the bladder stitching on both sides, the bilateral ureteral placing a single J tube respectively, evaluation of surgical success rate (including intraoperative bleeding, interception of bowel loops are no damage adjacent viscera, ureter openings with and without damage, impermeability, match insufflate whether unobstructed), postoperative complications, anastomotic fistula, intestinal obstruction, abdominal bleeding), urine dynamics test parameters, and patients’ quality of life. Patients were regularly given anticholinergic drugs(2 mg/d) for 6 months after surgery. Results:All the 12 cases in this group were successfully completed without any transfer to open surgery. The operation time was(120.8±12.0)min. Intraoperative blood loss(84.0±23.2)ml. Postoperative intestinal function recovery time(3.3±1.3) d. Postoperative hospital stay(12.1±3.1)d. Postoperative pelvic drainage tube indwelling time (3.8±1.2) d. Catheter and single J tube were removed 2 weeks after operation. Postoperative follow-up averaged 19.4(3-24) months. At 3, 12, 24 months after surgery, the bladder safety volume was rechecked(435.83±33.56), (450.90±31.09), (462.00±33.72)ml, the bladder internal pressure at the end of filling was(18.60±0.92), (15.70±1.42), (12.96±1.34)cmH 2O, the blood creatinine level was(81.43±21.10), (74.34±15.70), (72.90±15.90)μmol/L, and the bladder compliance was(37.94±4.22), (40.40±3.98), (43.42±4.20)ml/cmH 2O and the total glomerular filtration rate(91.52±9.49), (102.18±5.65), (112.41±6.50)ml/(min·m 2) were significantly improved compared with those before surgery( P<0.001). After 24 months of bladder urination training, 1 patient could basically urinate by herself. Three patients were treated with intermittent urinary catheterization supplemented by automatic urination. The remaining 8 patients were completely dependent on urinary catheter for intermittent catheterization. Postoperative complications such as anastomotic fistula, ileus and abdominal bleeding were not found in 12 patients. Conclusions:Ileum bladder enlargement assisted by robot can effectively expand bladder volume, reduce bladder internal pressure, improve bladder compliance, prevent ureteral reflux and protect renal function.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883959

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between mobile phone addiction and perceived stress, negative emotion, social support and psychological capital in college students, especially to clarify the internal mechanism of these variables.Methods:A total of 836 college students were investigated with mobile phone addiction index scale, positive psychological capital questionnaire, stress perception scale, positive and negative emotion scale and perceived social support scale.SPSS 22.0 software was used for correlation analysis and SPSS-PROCESS was used to analyze the mediating effect and moderating effect.Results:(1)The scores of psychological capital and perceived stress were(123.38±17.96)and(38.76±6.39)respectively, and the scores of negative emotion, social support and mobile phone addiction were(22.46±6.45), (63.36±12.40)and(39.31±10.01)respectively.Psychological capital was negatively correlated with perceived stress, negative emotion and mobile phone addiction( r=-0.66, -0.37, -0.28, all P<0.01).Perceived stress was positively correlated with negative emotion and mobile phone addiction( r=0.50, 0.38, both P<0.01).Social support was positively correlated with psychological capital( r=0.50, P<0.01), while negatively correlated with perceived stress, negative emotion and mobile phone addiction( r=-0.41, -0.30, -0.12, all P<0.01).(2)Psychological capital influenced mobile phone addiction by the mediating effect of perceived stress( β=-0.20, SE=0.03, 95% CI: -0.27--0.13).In addition, psychological capital influenced mobile phone addiction through the chain mediating effect of perceived stress and negative emotion( β=-0.04, SE=0.01, 95% CI: -0.06--0.01).Moreover, the mediating effect of psychological capital on stress perception was moderated by social support. Conclusion:Perceived stress and negative emotion are important mediations between psychological capital and mobile phone addiction.Social support can moderate the effect of psychological capital on perceived stress.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To sum up nursing experience of a multi-drug resistant patient with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage who underwent Lateral skull base.Methods:One patient with multi-drug resistant was admitted to our hospital in October, 2019. To observe and prevent the postoperative complications of lateral skull base and to prevent the rupture bleeding of carotid artery. The early detection and treatment the symptoms of upper gastrointestinal bleeding is effective and necessary. Intervention for patient receiving nutrition therapy is promoted.Results:By giving psychological care to improve patient compliance. The patient had no postoperative complications of lateral skull base, and the bleeding symptoms of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage was controlled in time.Conclusion:The patient was discharged from the hospital with a tracheal tube in a stable condition.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878361

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was designed to conduct a retrospective and systematic occupational health risk assessment (OHRA) of enterprises that used benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) in Shanghai, China.@*Methods@#All data for the study were obtained from 1,705 occupational health examination and evaluation reports from 2013 to 2017, and a semiquantitative model following Chinese OHRA guidelines (GBZ/T 298-2017) was applied for the assessment.@*Results@#The selected enterprises using BTX were mainly involved in manufacturing of products. Using the exposure level method, health risk levels associated with exposure to BTX were classified as medium, negligible, or low. However, the risk levels associated with benzene and toluene were significantly different according to job types, with gluers and inkers exhibiting greater health risks. For the same job type, the health risk levels assessed using the comprehensive index method were higher than those using the exposure level method.@*Conclusion@#Our OHRA reveals that workers who are exposed to BTX still face excessive health risk. Additionally, the risk level varied depending on job categories and exposure to specific chemicals. Therefore, additional control measures recommended by OHRA guidelines are essential to reduce worker exposure levels.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants, Occupational/analysis , Benzene/analysis , China , Humans , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Toluene/analysis , Xylenes/analysis
7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 721-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873825

ABSTRACT

Chronic liver diseases can progress to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis and may lead to portal hypertension and even hepatocellular carcinoma. In recent years, more and more studies have shown that statins can improve liver histology, delay progression to liver fibrosis, and reduce the risk of decompensation and hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. This article introduces the advances in the application of statins in patients with chronic liver diseases, so as to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of chronic liver diseases.

8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 215-219, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818406

ABSTRACT

Breast Cancer, nowadays, is the malignant tumor with the highest incidencein females.HER2 Positive Breast Canceraccounts for 20%-25% of the total, among which about 34% of patients with this type will occur brain metastasis.HER2 Positive Breast Cancer patients with brain metastasis, which seriously affects the quality of life, has a poor prognosis. Currently, surgery or radiotherapy is still the main treatment for brain metastasis. However, surgery is only applicable in localized brain metastasis, and it is obviously that terminaladverse reaction such as cognitive impairment can be causedby radiotherapy. Therefore, it is particularly important to discovery effective targeted drugs or new drug delivery methods for brain metastasis.This articlewill review the research progress of targeted therapy for brain metastases in HER2positive breast cancer.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanisms of lateral ventricular injection of interferon-alpha (IFN-α) on electrophysiological activity in central nervous system.Methods:Twenty male Kunming mice were selected and subjected to auditory cortical electrode implantation and lateral ventricle intubation under general anesthesia. After one week of recovery, all mice were randomly divided into IFN-α group ( n=10) and normal saline group ( n=10). IFN-α and saline were administered by lateral ventricle injection for 7 consecutive days, and the auditory steady-state response(ASSR) in auditory cortex were recorded. Then the brain tissue was perfused, and the changes of microglia and astrocytes in the hippocampus were observed by immunohistochemical staining. Results:There was no significant difference in the average intensity of ASSR between the saline group and the IFN-α group((3.22±0.87)dB vs (3.49±0.56)dB; t=0.84, P=0.41) before administration.After administration, the average intensity of ASSR in IFN-α group was significantly lower than that before administration ((3.22±0.87)dB vs (1.59±0.44)dB, t=5.27, P<0.01), while the ASSR in saline group did not change before and after administration((3.49±0.56)dB, (3.46±0.61)dB; t=0.12, P=0.90). Immunohistochemistry revealed that the number of astrocytes and microglia in hippocampal CA1, CA3, and DG regions in the IFN-α group was higher than that of the saline group. Obvious morphological changes were also observed in the astrocytes and microglia. Conclusion:IFN-α can induce the activation of glial cells in the hippocampus and lead to the abnormal electrophysiological activity in the cortex. ASSR can reflect IFN-α induced brain dysfunction, which may be a potential indicator for early diagnosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the biofilm-forming abilities of pathogens associated with contact lens related microbial keratitis and to compare the efficacies of different treatments in eliminating biofilms in contact lens cases (CLCs).Methods:Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans biolm formation in polypropylene CLCs was examined by using a static biofilm formation model, which was incubated at 37 ℃ for 24 hours.According to the CLC treatment methods, the experimental groups were divided into a control group, a room temperature air-drying group, a contact lens care solution soaking group, a heat-drying group and a soaking-heating group.A pathogen colony counting-based serial dilution micro-counting method was applied to evaluate the biofilm elimination efficacies and pathogen killing rates of treatments.Results:All four tested strains formed biofilms on the inner walls of the CLC, and the biomasses of S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, E.coli and C. albicans biofilm were (10.78±2.12), (9.19±0.57), (8.03±0.30), and (7.50±0.07)lg CFU/ml, respectively.The S. aureus biofilm biomass was significantly higher than those of the other strains (P<0.05). The biofilm biomasses of all the tested strains in the heat-drying and the soaking-heating groups were significantly lower than those in the control group (all at P<0.05); and the biofilm biomasses of S. aureus and E. coli in the soaking group were significantly lower than that in the control group (all at P<0.05). The heat-drying treatment resulted in a killing rate of (51.76±16.75)% for S. aureus, (68.63±4.43)% for P. aeruginosa, (83.51±13.97)% for E. coli, and (97.13±5.19)% for C. albicans, respectively (F=31.806, P<0.001). Significant differences were observed between the killing rates for each bacterium (all at P<0.05). The E. coli and C. albicans killing rates of the soak-heating treatment were (100.00±0.00) % and (97.79±7.67)%, respectively, and were significantly higher than (81.13±14.86)% of S. aureus and (74.22±11.91)% of P. aeruginosa (all at P<0.05).Conclusions:Heating alone or combined with the use of contact lens care solution treatment can improve the pathogen killing rates and effectively eliminate the bacterial and fungal contaminations in CLCs.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864804

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of personalized nutritional support on postoperative rehabilitation and nutritional status in patients undergoing radical mastectomy and reconstruction of oral malignant tumor.Methods:Eighty-eight patients with oral malignant tumor admitted from January 2018 to December 2018 in Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University were divided into two groups according to the time of admission. 40 patients were selected as the study group and 48 patients were selected as the routine group. The routine group was given traditional health education and dietary guidance. In addition to dietary guidance, the study group was given personalized nutritional support according to the patients' body mass index and nutritional status before and after operation, including oral nutritional supplement before operation, personalized nutritional prescription after operation, and increased protein intake according to the nutritional indicators of the patients. The nutritional status, enteral nutrition complications and postoperative rehabilitation were compared between the two groups two weeks after operation.Results:Two weeks after operation, the hemoglobin, total protein, prealbumin were (107.93±16.19) g/L, (68.40±4.87) g/L, (189.02±55.19) mg/L in the study group, and (101.23±14.62) g/L, (63.11±6.42) g/L, (165.75±40.60) mg/L in the routine group, there were significant differences ( t values were -2.037, -4.271, -2.276, all P<0.05). The incidence of malnutrition, wound infection and gastrointestinal complications were 42.50%(17/40), 0, 5.00%(2/40) in the study group and 64.58%(31/48), 16.67%(8/48), 20.83%(10/48) in the control group, there were significant differences( χ2 values were 4.292, 7.333, 4.644, P<0.05). Conclusions:Perioperative personalized nutritional support can effectively improve the nutritional status, reduce enteral nutrition-related complications, improve immunity and reduce the risk of incision infection in patients undergoing radical mastectomy and simultaneous reconstruction of oral malignant tumors, which is helpful to improve the quality of life of patients and is worthy of clinical reference.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the fever rate, disease distribution, fever degree and fever related factors of the patients in the same period of oral and maxillofacial tumor repair and reconstruction.Method:A retrospective analysis was performed on 153 patients who underwent radical treatment of oral and maxillofacial tumors from January 2018 to December 2018 in the affiliated stomatological hospital of sun yat-sen university. The patients were divided into fever group and non fever group, and their fever influencing factors were analyzed.Result:Among the 153 patients, 97 (63.40%) had fever symptoms.It’s mainly moderate fever. The incidence of fever was the highest in gingival cancer and oropharyngeal cancer.The results of univariate analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in serum albumin, tracheotomy and infection between the two groups ( χ2= 7.74, 7.48, 8.58, P<0.01 or 0.05).Logistic multivariate regression analysis showed that infection and tracheotomy were independent influencing factors for postoperative fever in patients with oral and maxillofacial tumor repair and reconstruction (or = 4.74, 2.47, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Patients with oral and maxillofacial tumors undergoing radical treatment and simultaneous repair and reconstruction are more likely to have fever after surgery. Tracheotomy patients and patients with infection need to be paid more attention. They need to be strengthened tracheotomy care and actively prevent infection, so as to reduce the postoperative fever rate, and make the patients with oral malignant tumors repaired and reconstructed at the same time go through the perioperative period smoothly.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a method of quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) to measure five effective components in Sangju-Ganmao grannules. Methods:Withthe HPLC method, the chromatogram column was Agilent Zorbax SB-C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm), the mobile phase was acetonitrile -0.2% physcion acid in gradient elution program, and the flow rate was 1.0 ml/min. The detection wavelength was set at 340 nm for chlorogenic acid and rutin, 205 nm for phillyrin, 254 nm for quercetin and glycyrrhizic acid, the column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 10 μl. Using chlorogenic acid as the internal standard to measure the relative correction factor of four components like rutin, phillyrin, quercetin and glycyrrhizic acid by QAMS and calculate their content, and compare the cnents with the external standard method.Results:The calculated values of chlorogenic acid, rutin, phillyrin, quercetin and glycyrrhizic acid were not statistical significant from those measured by external standard method ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The QAMS method can be used for the measurement of the content of five effective components in Sangju-Ganmao granules and the method is simple, effective and accurate.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880740

ABSTRACT

Disulfide-bond A oxidoreductase-like protein (DsbA-L) is a molecular chaperone involved in the multimerization of adiponectin. Recent studies have found that DsbA-L is related to metabolic diseases including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and can be regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) agonists; the specific mechanism, however, is uncertain. Furthermore, the relationship between DsbA-L and the novel adipokine chemerin is also unclear. This article aims to investigate the role of DsbA-L in the improvement of insulin resistance by PPARγ agonists in trophoblast cells cultured by the high-glucose simulation of GDM placenta. Immunohistochemistry and western blot were used to detect differences between GDM patients and normal pregnant women in DsbA-L expression in the adipose tissue. The western blot technique was performed to verify the relationship between PPARγ agonists and DsbA-L, and to explore changes in key molecules of the insulin signaling pathway, as well as the effect of chemerin on DsbA-L. Results showed that DsbA-L was significantly downregulated in the adipose tissue of GDM patients. Both PPARγ agonists and chemerin could upregulate the level of DsbA-L. Silencing DsbA-L affected the function of rosiglitazone to promote the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (PKB)/AKT pathway. Therefore, it is plausible to speculate that DsbA-L is essential in the environment of PPARγ agonists for raising insulin sensitivity. Overall, we further clarified the mechanism by which PPARγ agonists improve insulin resistance.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829269

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the association between the baseline 18F-FDG PET/CT SUVmax and histological subtypes of ≤2 cm early peripheral lung adenocarcinoma (cN0). Methods    We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of consecutive patients who received baseline 18F-FDG PET/CT and underwent anatomic lung resection for ≤2 cm early peripheral lung adenocarcinoma from 2011 to 2014 in our institute. Results    A total of 195 patients were enrolled in this study, including 86 males and 109 females, with an average age of 59.96±9.19 years. Twenty-two patients were pathologically confirmed with lymph node metastasis. One hundred and fifty-seven patients were in the subtype group 1, which included lepidic, acinar, and papillary predominant tumors. Thirty-eight patients were in the subtype group 2, which included solid and micropapillary predominant tumors. The 5-year survival rate was 79.0% and 58.0% in the subtype group 1 and subtype group 2, respectively (P=0.006). The median SUVmax was 2.00 (0.30-13.10) and 4.15 (1.20-17.90) in the subtype group 1 and subtype group 2, respectively (P=0.000). Logistic regression suggested that baseline SUVmax≥2.5 was an independent risk factor for the subtype group 2 (OR=6.635, 95%CI 2.510-17.545, P=0.000). The receiver operating characteristic curve suggested that the continuous SUVmax had an moderate predictive value for subtypes (area under the curve was 0.792, 95%CI 0.717-0.866). Conclusion    Baseline 18F-FDG PET/CT SUVmax has certain predictive value for histological subtypes of ≤2 cm early peripheral lung adenocarcinoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846389

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the HPLC fingerprint and the determination method of three index components of the classical herbal formula substance benchmarks of Xiebai Powder. Methods: Fingerprint chromatographic conditions were as following: detection wavelength 254 nm/325 nm, column temperature 35 ℃; flow rate 0.8 mL/min; injection volume 25 μL; mobile phase consisting of 0.1% aqueous formic acid (A) and acetonitrile (B); binary gradient elution: 0-20 min, 5%-10% B; 20-33 min, 10%-15% B; 33-50 min, 15%-20% B; 50-95 min, 20%-58% B. Ten batches of substance benchmarks of Xiebai Powder fingerprints were collected and evaluated by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia Committee "Chinese Medicine Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System 2012 Edition" software. Chromatographic conditions of content determination: detection wavelength 237 nm, column temperature 30 ℃; flow rate 1.0 mL/min; injection volume 5 μL; mobile phase consisting of 0.1% aqueous phosphoric acid (A) and acetonitrile (B) for binary gradient elution: 0-10 min, 5%-20% B; 10-18 min, 20%-60% B; 18-26 min, 60%-100% B; 26-38 min, 100% B; 38-41 min, 100%-5% B; 41-45 min, 5% B. Results: Based on the matching results, 55 common peaks were determined at a wavelength of 254 nm, and 57 common peaks were determined at a wavelength of 325 nm. Three substances, mulberroside A (S), liquiritin and ammonium glycyrrhizinate, were identified in the common peaks. After methodological research, its precision, stability and reproducibility were good. Ten batches of substance benchmarks of Xiebai Powder fingerprints were evaluated with reference fingerprints, and their similarities were greater than 0.9. The average recovery rates of mulberroside A (S), liquiritin and ammonium glycyrrhizinate were 97.82%, 97.40% and 105.81%, respectively. The RSD (n = 6) was 4.41%, 2.51% and 1.19%, respectively, which met the require of 2015 edition of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The three components had good linearity in the range of 25.25-2525 ng, 25-2 500 ng and 8.5-850 ng, respectively. The method had good precision, stability and repeatability. The contents of 10 batches of substance benchmarks of Xiebai was determined. The content of mulberry A was 11.6-35.5 mg/g, the content of liquiritin was 0.1-1.6 mg/g, and the content of glycyrrhizic acid was 0.3-2.5 mg/g. The range of the contents of these ingredients was large, which indicated that the quality of mulberry husks and licorice herbs from different places was quite different. Conclusion: The establishment of the HPLC fingerprint and the determination method of three index components of the classical herbal formula substance benchmarks of Xiebai Powder provided some bases for the study of the quality standard of substance benchmarks of Xiebai Powder.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873757

ABSTRACT

Blastocystis hominis is a common parasitic protozoa in human and animal intestines; however, its pathogenicity remains controversial. Construction of animal models is of great significance to investigate the pathogenicity, pathogenic mechanisms and drug screening of B. hominis. Experimental animals, mode of infections, parasite strains and host immune status are important factors affecting the successful modeling of B. hominis infections in animals. Hereby, we review the progress of researches on animal models of B. hominis infections, and summarize the influencing factors and application of animal models of B. hominis infections, in order to provides insights into the selection of animals models of B. hominis infections.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873755

ABSTRACT

Blastocystis hominis is a parasite that parasitizes in the intestines of humans and animals, and is closely related to a variety of gastrointestinal diseases such as abdominal pain and diarrhea. B. hominis is distributed worldwide, and the prevalence of B. hominis infections and dominant subgenotypes vary in countries and in regions from the same country. This paper reviews the global prevalence of B. hominis human infections, its subtypes and geographical distribution, so as to provide insights into the understanding of the global epidemiology of B. hominis and the management of B. hominis infections.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873333

ABSTRACT

Objective::To identify and analyze the chemical constituents in Bufei Jianpi formula by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Method::An Agilent Poroshell SB-C18 column (4.6 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm) was used with a mobile phase system of 0.1% formic acid solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 3%B; 10-100 min, 3%-50%B; 100-120 min, 50%-100%B) under positive ion mode and water (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-5 min, 3%B; 5-60 min, 3%-100%B) under negative ion mode, the flow rate was 0.6 mL·min-1, and the column temperature was 30 ℃. Mass spectrometric data were obtained under electrospray inoization (ESI) in positive and negative ion modes, the collection range was m/z 50-1 000.Agilent MassHunter Qualitative Analysis software was used to extract and match chromatographic peaks. Result::Combined with reference, related literature and database analysis, 95 compounds were identified by mass spectrometry information, including 41 flavonoids, 23 alkaloids, 12 lignans, 9 organic acids, and 10 other compounds. Conclusion::The chemical composition of Bufei Jianpi formula is complex, and the cracking rules of different components are different. Flavonoids are prone to deglycosylation, dehydration, Diels-Alder reaction (RDA) cleavage of the ring during lysis, and loss of some neutral molecules such as CO, CO2, CHO. Lignans has a substituent such as a hydroxyl group, a carbonyl group or a methoxy group on the benzene ring, and it is easy to obtain a fragment ion which loses H2O or CO. The basic structure of organic acids is a phenolic hydroxyl group-substituted aromatic ring, acrylic acid, fatty acid or the like, this kind of compound is easy to lose H2O and COOH in negative ion mode, and it is easy to break at the carbonyl to form fragment ions. This established method is rapid, sensitive and accurate, which can quickly identify the chemical constituents in Bufei Jianpi formula and provide evidences for clarifying efficacy material base of this formula.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872049

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research hotspots of international bioethics, explore the future trend.Methods:The biclustering analysis was adopted to analyze the literatures of bioethics in PubMed from 2009 to 2018.Results:The research fronts from 2009 to 2018 focused on 8 aspects which including patient advocacy in clinical ethics consultation, empirical research methodologies in bioethics research, definition of death combined with the problem of organ donation.Conclusions:Greater emphasis should be placed on the combination of empirical science and the autonomy-based ethical theories for domestic bioethics studies. Furthermore, the above 8 aspects of international trends on bioethics offer a sketch for a glimpse of reflection on domestic study on bioethics.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL