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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928222

ABSTRACT

Transcranial magneto-acoustic-electrical stimulation is a new non-invasive neuromodulation technology, in which the induced electric field generated by the coupling effect of ultrasound and static magnetic field are used to regulate the neural rhythm oscillation activity in the corresponding brain region. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of transcranial magneto-acoustic-electrical stimulation on the information transfer and communication in neuronal clusters during memory. In the experiment, twenty healthy adult Wistar rats were randomly divided into a control group (five rats) and stimulation groups (fifteen rats). Transcranial magneto-acoustic-electrical stimulation of 0.05~0.15 T and 2.66~13.33 W/cm 2 was applied to the rats in stimulation groups, and no stimulation was applied to the rats in the control group. The local field potentials signals in the prefrontal cortex of rats during the T-maze working memory tasks were acquired. Then the coupling differences between delta rhythm phase, theta rhythm phase and gamma rhythm amplitude of rats in different parameter stimulation groups and control group were compared. The experimental results showed that the coupling intensity of delta and gamma rhythm in stimulation groups was significantly lower than that in the control group ( P<0.05), while the coupling intensity of theta and gamma rhythm was significantly higher than that in the control group ( P<0.05). With the increase of stimulation parameters, the degree of coupling between delta and gamma rhythm showed a decreasing trend, while the degree of coupling between theta and gamma rhythm tended to increase. The preliminary results of this paper indicated that transcranial magneto-acoustic-electrical stimulation inhibited delta rhythmic neuronal activity and enhanced the oscillation of theta and gamma rhythm in the prefrontal cortex, thus promoted the exchange and transmission of information between neuronal clusters in different spatial scales. This lays the foundation for further exploring the mechanism of transcranial magneto-acoustic-electrical stimulation in regulating brain memory function.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Animals , Electric Stimulation , Memory, Short-Term/physiology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Theta Rhythm/physiology , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928195

ABSTRACT

Transcranial magneto-acoustic electrical stimulation (TMAES) is a novel method of brain nerve regulation and research, which uses induction current generated by the coupling of ultrasound and magnetic field to regulate neural electrical activity in different brain regions. As the second special envoy of nerve signal, calcium plays a key role in nerve signal transmission. In order to investigate the effect of TMAES on prefrontal cortex electrical activity, 15 mice were divided into control group, ultrasound stimulation (TUS) group and TMAES group. The TMAES group received 2.6 W/cm 2 and 0.3 T of magnetic induction intensity, the TUS group received only ultrasound stimulation, and the control group received no ultrasound and magnetic field for one week. The calcium ion concentration in the prefrontal cortex of mice was recorded in real time by optical fiber photometric detection technology. The new object recognition experiment was conducted to compare the behavioral differences and the time-frequency distribution of calcium signal in each group. The results showed that the mean value of calcium transient signal in the TMAES group was (4.84 ± 0.11)% within 10 s after the stimulation, which was higher than that in the TUS group (4.40 ± 0.10)% and the control group (4.22 ± 0.08)%, and the waveform of calcium transient signal was slower, suggesting that calcium metabolism was faster. The main energy band of the TMAES group was 0-20 Hz, that of the TUS group was 0-12 Hz and that of the control group was 0-8 Hz. The cognitive index was 0.71 in the TMAES group, 0.63 in the TUS group, and 0.58 in the control group, indicating that both ultrasonic and magneto-acoustic stimulation could improve the cognitive ability of mice, but the effect of the TMAES group was better than that of the TUS group. These results suggest that TMAES can change the calcium homeostasis of prefrontal cortex nerve clusters, regulate the discharge activity of prefrontal nerve clusters, and promote cognitive function. The results of this study provide data support and reference for further exploration of the deep neural mechanism of TMAES.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Animals , Brain , Calcium , Electric Stimulation , Mice , Prefrontal Cortex , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of the pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome inhibitor MCC950 on nerve injury in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH). Methods: Seventy-two SD rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=24): Sham group, ICH group and MCC950 group. ICH group and MCC950 group rats were injected with autogenous non-anticoagulant blood to establish ICH model, and then the rats in MCC950 group were intraperitoneally injected with MCC950 at the dose of 10 mg/kg(2 mg/ml) for 3 days after ICH model was established. Seventy-two hours after the establishment of the model, the forelimb placement test, the corner test and mNSS score were performed to observe the neurological function of the rats with ICH. The volume of hematoma was observed in fresh brain tissue sections. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of brain tissue. The dry-wet weight ratio was calculated to evaluate the changes of brain tissue edema. The degeneration of neurons was observed by FJC staining. The neuronal apoptosis was observed by TUNEL staining. The protein expression and activation levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD were determined by Western blot. Results: Compared with sham group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was decreased significantly (P<0.01, P<0.05), mNSS score was increased significantly (P<0.01) in ICH group. Hematoma volume was increased significantly, the number of microglial cells around the hematoma was increased, the number of neurons was decreased, nerve cell swelled, some cells showed pyknotic necrosis, and the staining was deepened. The water content of the right base was increased significantly (P<0.05). The number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was increased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were increased significantly (P<0.01, P< 0.05). Compared with ICH group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was increased significantly in MCC950 group (P<0.05), while the mNSS score and the volume of hematoma were decreased significantly (P<0.01), the swelling degree of nerve cells around the hematoma was reduced significantly, and the number of pyrotic necrotic cells was decreased. The water content of the right base was decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was decreased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: MCC950 can ameliorate nerve injury after ICH by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome mediated inflammation and pyroptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 1/metabolism , Cerebral Hemorrhage/pathology , Furans , Hematoma , Indenes , Inflammasomes/metabolism , Interleukin-18 , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sulfonamides , Water
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of cluster acupuncture at scalp points in treating limb spasm after stroke on the basis of conventional exercise therapy.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with limb spasm after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (36 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 6 cases dropped off). The control group was treated with exercise therapy. In the observation group, on the basis of the control group, penetrating technique of acupuncture was exerted at Qianding (GV 21) to Baihui (GV 20), Xinhui (GV 22) to Qianding (GV 21), etc. once a day, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the changes of the modified Ashworth scale (MAS), simplified Fugl-Meyer motor assessment (FMA), and modified Barthel index (MBI) scores of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the MAS scores of upper and lower limbs in the two groups were lower than before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of FMA and BMI in the two groups were higher than before treatment (P<0.05), and the score of MBI in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional exercise therapy, cluster acupuncture at scalp points can reduce the spasm, improve motor function and activities of daily living in patients with limb spasm after stroke.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Exercise Therapy , Humans , Lower Extremity , Scalp , Spasm , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the modulation of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on default mode network (DMN) in patients with primary insomnia (PI).@*METHODS@#A total of 22 PI patients (one patient dropped off and two patients were excluded) were included and treated with taVNS. The bilateral auricular points of Xin (CO15) and Shen (CO10) were selected and treated with disperse-dense wave at frequency of 4 Hz/20 Hz, the intensity was based on the patient's tolerance. taVNS was given once in the morning and once in the evening for 30 minutes each time. The treatment lasted for at least 5 days a week for 4 weeks. At the same time, 16 healthy subjects matched with gender and age were recruited. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score was evaluated before and after treatment in PI patients. The resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data of PI patients before and after treatment and healthy subjects at baseline period were collected to observe the effect of taVNS on the functional connection (FC) between posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and whole brain.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total score of PSQI in PI patients was lower than that before treatment (P<0.01). Compared with healthy subjects, the FC of the left PCC was increased either with the left orbital superior frontal gyrus or with left middle frontal gyrus (P<0.001), and the FC between right PCC and left middle frontal gyrus was increased in PI patients before treatment (P<0.001). Compared before treatment, the FC between left PCC and left middle frontal gyrus was decreased (P<0.05), and the FC of the right PCC was decreased either with the right medial prefrontal cortex or with the left middle frontal gyrus in PI patients after treatment (P<0.001, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#taVNS can modulate the FC between anterior and posterior DMN, and between DMN and cognitive control network of PI patients, which may be one of the brain effect mechanisms of taVNS in the treatment of PI patients.


Subject(s)
Brain/physiology , Default Mode Network , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Vagus Nerve , Vagus Nerve Stimulation/methods
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923030

ABSTRACT

Objective To revise the determination method in the quality standard of Jingtian Zhitong cream. Methods The total saponins of angelica sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, Rhizoma corydalis, and Panax notoginseng saponins were qualitatively identified by thin-layer chromatography (TLC). The contents of notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, and ginsenoside Rb1 in the preparation were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results TLC showed strong specificity and good resolution. The concentration of notoginsenoside R1 showed a good linear relationship in the range of 0.1604 and 2.0050μg (r=0. 999). The concentration of ginsenoside Rg1 showed a good linear relationship in the range of 0.8003 and 10.0035μg (r=1.000). The concentration of ginsenoside Rb1 showed good linearity in the range of 0.6182 and 7.7275μg (r=1.000). The sample recovery rates were 101.43%, 98.75% and 100.95%, respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD) were 2.56%, 2.71% and 2.75%, respectively. Conclusion The developed method is accurate and reliable with high sensitivity, which can be used for the quality control of Jingtian Zhitong cream.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912335

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a mouse model of the abdominal aortic aneurysm by elastase perfusion and to provide a reference for the study of the mechanism related to abdominal aortic aneurysm formation.Methods:AAAs were induced by porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) infusion in male C57BL/6 mice. The control group was perfused with normal saline (Saline). The changes in abdominal aortic diameter were compared at 14 days after perfusion. The diameter of the abdominal aorta stained with HE was measured. The destruction of the elastic plate in the abdominal aortic wall was observed by elastic plate staining. TUNEL assay was used to evaluate the apoptosis in aneurysm tissues.Results:Porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) perfusion successfully established the mouse model of abdominal aortic aneurysm, in which an aneurysm formation rate was 100% at 14 days after the operation. After modelling, the abdominal aorta diameter in the mouse was significantly increased, higher than that in the control group perfused with normal saline ( P<0.05). In the PPE group, the elastic plate of the aortic wall was straightened and thinned, and interrupted. The proportion of TUNEL-positive cells in the PPE group was significantly higher than that in the control group perfused with normal saline ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Elastase perfusion can stably establish the abdominal aortic aneurysm model, and we observe the destruction of the elastic plate in the medial layer of the abdominal aortic wall and the up-regulation of the apoptosis process in the model. It provides a reference to study the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm further.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of B7-H3 molecule on clear cell renal cell carcinoma (786-O) metastasis.Methods:Lentiviral transfection method was used to construct 786-O cells stably expressing low level of B7-H3 (shB7-H3 group) and a negative control cell line (shNC group). RT-qPCR, flow cytometry and Western blot were used to assess the efficiency of lentiviral transfection. CCK-8 method was used to detect the proliferation of 786-O cells in the two groups. Flow cytometry was performed to detect the changes in cell cycle. Cell scratch test and Transwell assay were used to detect the differences in cell migration and invasion. Western blot was used to detect the expression of marker proteins in the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (epithelial-mesenchymal transition, EMT). Changes in the expression of chemokines and their receptors were analyzed by flow cytometry and RT-qPCR. Effects of anti-CCL4 antibody on cell migration and invasion were analyzed by Transwell assay.Results:Flow cytometry showed that 786-O cells highly expressed B7-H3 molecules and the lentiviral transfection method successfully constructed the cell line with lower expression of B7-H3 (786-O-shB7-H3) and control cell line (786-O-shNC). B7-H3 molecule had no significant effect on the proliferation of 786-O cells. No significant difference in cell cycle was found between the two groups. Compared with 786-O-shNC cells, the migration and invasion ability of 786-O-shB7-H3 cells was suppressed. Moreover, the expression of EMT-related marker proteins (fibronectin and N-cadherin) was reduced and the expression of E-cadherin was increased in 786-O-shB7-H3 cells. The expression of CCL4 and its receptor CCR5 in the shB7-H3 group was lower than that in the shNC group. After intervention with anti-CCL4 antibody, the migration and invasion ability of 786-O-shNC cells was reduced, while that of 786-O-shB7-H3 cells had no significant change.Conclusions:Knocking down the expression of B7-H3 molecule had no significant effect on the proliferation of 786-O cells, but could affect the EMT process of 786-O cells and reduce tumor migration and invasion ability, thereby inhibiting tumor progression.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 702-704, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an in vivo diffusion model of Treponema pallidum (Tp) in New Zealand rabbits. Methods:A standard strain of Tp (Nichols strain) was recovered in the testes of New Zealand rabbits, and isolated and passaged continuously. The suspensions of the second-passage Tp were collected and inoculated onto the dorsal skin of New Zealand rabbits. After 21-day infection, the New Zealand rabbits were anesthetized and sacrificed, blood samples were collected, and skin tissues at the infection site as well as liver, spleen, testes and lymph nodes were aseptically resected. Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR was performed to detect the spread of Tp in different tissues and organs.Results:On day 21 after infection with Tp, skin lesions such as indurations and ulcers were seen at all inoculated sites of New Zealand rabbits. Pathological examination showed a lot of inflammatory cells in the infected lesions, mainly including plasma cells, macrophages and lymphocytes. Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR revealed a large number of Tp in tissues and organs, such as liver, spleen and testes.Conclusion:After inoculation with Tp in the dorsal skin of New Zealand rabbits, Tp could spread to the liver, spleen, testes and other tissues and organs through blood and lymph nodes, and the in vivo diffusion model of Tp strains in New Zealand rabbits was successfully constructed.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic effects of two comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) methods in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:Ninety-seven patients with newly diagnosed AML at Beijing Hospital from August 2008 to December 2019 were included (≥60 years old). All patients were evaluated by two methods of CGA. One was IACA index proposed by Beijing Hospital, including instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), age, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), albumin; the other was proposed by Italian FIL study group (FIL-CGA), including activities of daily living (ADL), IADL, age, and modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G).Results:Among 97 patients, 54 patients received standard chemotherapy, 16 with decitabine, 2 with targeted therapy and 25 with the best supportive therapy. The overall response rate (ORR) in 72 treated patients were 67.7%, 33.3% and 0 respectively in fit, unfit and frail groups according to IACA index ( P=0.001). Based on FIL-CGA, the ORRs of fit, unfit and frail groups were 52.5%, 41.7% and 35.0% respectively ( P=0.418). The 1-year OS rates of fit, unfit and frail groups regarding IACA method were 78.7%, 27.7% and 0 respectively ( P<0.01). The 1-year OS rates of fit, unfit and frail groups regarding FIL-CGA method were 67.8%, 28.2% and 13.9% respectively ( P<0.01), while no significant difference was seen between unfit group and frail group ( P=0.111). The early death rates of fit, unfit and frail groups by IACA were 0, 6.0% and 28.6% respectively ( P=0.006), while those by FIL-CGA were 2.3%, 5.9%, 13.9% respectively ( P=0.123). Conclusion:Compared with FIL-CGA method, IACA predicts more effectively the treatment response, survival and early mortality in elderly patients with AML.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the problems existing in the implementation of the Chinese health industry standard WS 523-2019 by testing SPECT device.Methods:Under the WS 523-2019 standards, a total of 10 SPECT devices were tested with regard to their SPECT reconstructed spatial resolution (SRSR), system planar sensitivity (SPS), system spatial resolution (SSR), whole body system spatial resolution (WSSR), intrinsic uniformity (IU), intrinsic count rate performance (ICR), intrinsic spatial resolution (ISR) and intrinsic spatial linearity(ISL).Result:Under the requirements of WS 523-2019 standards for qualified limits, there are 3 devices with ISL unqualified and the rest of the performances qualified. The new standards basically can meet the clinical requirements and reflected the overall performance of SPECT.Conclusions:The distance between the radiation source and the surface of the detector has great influence on the spatial resolution.In the measurement of ISL, there must be a lead grid separately in the x and y directions. The lead grids with the parallel slits shall be positioned on the detector with the center slit centered on the detector. It is suggested to add rotation center in the new standards.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To ascertain the level of radioactivity in drinking water in Inner Mongolia region, and analyze the reasons why the total alpha radioactivity index is high in drinking water in some areas thereof.Methods:Water samples with high total alpha radioactivity index were collected in some towns in the region on the basis of surveyed result , with the causes of abnormal radioactivity index being analyzed, using low background α radioactivity measuring instrument, microuranium analyzer, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer, to estimate the accumulative effective dose caused by ingestion of radioactivity in drinking water.Results:The total alpha activity was 0.508-1.008 Bq/L in tap water samples and 0.507-1.965 Bq/L in finished water samples. Uranium concentration was 3.41-35.71 μg/L in tap water measured using laser fluorescence method and 3.62-32.61 μg/L in finished water measured using laser fluorescence method, respectively. The concentration of 238U and 232Th in tap water measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was 5.83-34.36 μg/L, 0.002-0.359 μg/L, respectively, while that in finished water was 5.62-29.41 μg/L, 0.003-0.327 μg/L, respectively. Conclusions:Based on the repeated measurement analysis of drinking water samples from some areas in Inner Mongolia, the high level of total α radioactivity in water samples is caused by uranium, and the high content of uranium leads to a high total alpha value.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 751-757, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of measurement parameters of left atrial appendage by coronary CTA (CCTA) for the risk of cardiogenic stroke (CS) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).Methods:The clinical and examination data of 179 patients with NVAF who underwent CCTA examination were retrospectively analyzed. The selected patients were grouped according to the outbreak of acute ischemic stroke and TIA within 2 years after CCTA examination. Patients who met the criteria for CS were selected as cases (87 patients), and those with neither stroke nor TIA as controls (92 patients). The diameter and area of left atrial appendage (LAA) orifice, the LAA depth, and the LAA volume were measured by using dedicated software. The parameter was corrected using the body surface area (BSA) to obtain the correction index of corresponding parameter. The independent samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Chi-square test were used to compare the differences in various indicators between the two groups. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the impacts of body mass index (BMI), hyperlipidemia, the duration years of atrial fibrillation, left atrial appendage area index (LAAOA Index), and the left atrial appendage emptying fraction (LAAEF) on the risk of CS. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of LAAOA Index and LAAEF for the onset of CS. Results:The correction index of the left atrial appendage orifice maximum and minimum diameter, the left atrial appendage orifice area, and the maximum & minimum left atrial appendage volume and the LAAEF in the case group were (1.80±0.21) cm/m 2, (1.19±0.17) cm/m 2, (3.20±0.71) cm 2/m 2, (7.91±1.92) ml/m 2, (5.03±1.40) ml/m 2, (36.20±10.54)%, and those value in the control group were (1.64±0.24) cm/m 2, (1.06±0.19) cm/m 2, (2.65±0.64) cm 2/m 2, (6.61±1.68) ml/m 2, (3.67±1.28) ml/m 2, (45.25±10.07)%, the differences were statistically significant ( t= 4.783, 4.647, 5.481, 4.826, 6.823, and -5.875, all P<0.001). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the increase in LAAOA Index ( P= 0.005) and the decrease in LAAEF ( P<0.001) were independent risk factors for CS in NVAF patients. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of LAAOA Index was 0.712 (95%CI 0.639-0.777), and the best diagnostic cut-off was 3.16 cm 2/m 2; the AUC of LAAEF was 0.734 (95%CI 0.663-0.797), the cut-off was 38.71%; the AUC of LAAOA Index-LAAEF was 0.786 (95%CI 0.718-0.843). The difference of AUC value between LAAOA Index and LAAEF was not statistically significant ( Z= 0.448, P= 0.654). The difference of AUC between the LAAOA Index-LAAEF and LAAOA Index ( Z=2.667, P=0.008) and between the LAAOA Index-LAAEF and LAAEF ( Z=2.061, P=0.039) were statistically significant. Conclusions:CCTA can provide a one-stop and relatively accurate evaluation of the size and function of the left atrial appendage by post-processing the coronary vascular scan data. Left atrial appendage measurement parameters from CCTA can be used as a supplement to the CHA2DS2-VASc score, and provide quantitative indicators for the risk assessment of CS in patients with NVAF.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen combined with RNA interference (RNAi) technology targeting aquaporin-4 (AQP-4) on improving cognitive function in rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to explore its mechanism.Methods:Totally 112 adult male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group, hyperbaric oxygen(HBO) group, AQP-4 RNAi group and combined treatment group, with 28 rats in each group.The TBI model of rat was established by hydraulic percussion and siRNA targeting aquaporin 4 was constructed. Rats were given corresponding intervention according to their groups.Then the modified neurological severity scores(mNSS)was evaluated on the 7th day and 21th day after operation. Morris water maze test was carried out from the 21st day to 25th day after operation and the percentage of target quadrant and daily escape latency were recorded.The changes of the brain permeability of blood-brain barrier and moisture in brain tissues were measured by Evans blue fluorometry and a wet-dry-weighing technique respectively. The protein expression levels of AQP-4, Caspase-3, Bcl-2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 were detected by Western blot method. The mRNA expression of AQP-4 in TBI brain tissue was measured by RT-PCR method, and the apoptosis rate of TBI brain cells was detected by TUNEL and AnnexinV methods on the 7th day after operation. SPSS 23.0 and Graphpad Prism 7.0 softwares were used for data analysis.One-way ANOVA was used for inter group comparison.Repeated measurement ANOVA was used for Morris results, and the LSD- t test was used for pairwise comparisons. Results:The results of mNSS showed that there were significant differences among the groups on the 7th day and 21st day after operation ( F=4.89, 7.59, both P<0.05). The scores of each treatment group were lower than that of the control group, and the effect of the combined treatment group was the best (7th day: t=3.98, -7.75, both P<0.05; 21st day: t=47.82, 7.94, both P<0.05). The results of Morris water maze test showed that the time and group interaction of rats in the target quadrant residence time and escape latency were not statistically significant( F=1.83, 8.42, both P>0.05). The escape latency and the percentage of stay in the target quadrant in the combined treatment group were better than those in other groups on the 24th and 25th day after operation (all P<0.05). Evans blue staining showed that the contents of Evans blue in AQP-4 RNAi group, hyperbaric oxygen group and combined treatment group were lower than that in the control group(all P<0.05), and that in the combined treatment group was the lowest( t=6.19, P<0.05). The results of dry-wet specific gravity method showed that the water content of brain tissue in the combined treatment group((68.15±1.52)%) was the lowest, and that in the AQP-4 RNAi group((76.71±1.06)%) was lower than that in the HBO group ((80.23±1.43)%)( t=4.38, P<0.05). The results of Western blot showed that the protein levels of AQP-4, Caspase-3, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the combined treatment group were significantly lower than those in other groups(all P<0.05), while the expression of Bcl-2 was increased in the combined treatment group( P<0.05). RT-PCR results (gray value ratio) showed that AQP-4 mRNA levels in AQP-4 RNAi group(0.61±0.21), HBO group (0.83±0.12), combined treatment group(0.22±0.05) and CON group (1.31 ± 0.25) were significantly different( F=175.05, P<0.05), while the AQP-4 mRNA levels decreased in AQP-4 RNAi group which was better than that in hyperbaric oxygen group ( t=5.25, P<0.05). The decrease was the most obvious in the combined treatment group ( t=58.94, P<0.05). The results of TUNEL and AnnexinV showed that the treatment groups were more effective than the control group in inhibiting neuronal apoptosis, especially in the combined treatment group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The combination of targeted AQP-4 RNAi and hyperbaric oxgen can effectively promote the recovery of neurological and cognitive function, and the mechanism may be related to protecting the integrity of blood-brain barrier, alleviating brain edema and inhibiting apoptosis of nerve cells after TBI.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908651

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the postnatal grading, surgical intervention and prognosis in fetal hydronephrosis.Methods:The clinical data of 243 children who were prenatally diagnosed with fetal hydronephrosis and first seen at Dalian Children′s Hospital after birth from November 2014 to November 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All cases were followed up by routine ultrasound after birth and were assessed and graded according to the postnatal urinary tract dilation (UTD) system. The children with clinical indication for surgery underwent surgical treatment (operation group), and the children without clinical indication were closely followed up (non-operation group).Results:Among 243 children, 182 were male and 61 were female; the gestational age at first diagnosis was (27.5±3.2) weeks, and the maternal age was (29 ± 6) years; 212 cases were unilateral, and 31 cases were bilateral. The results of the first ultrasound examination result showed UTD low-risk was in 117 cases, medium-risk in 67 cases, high-risk in 59 cases. All the children were followed up from 14 to 50 months, with a mean of 26.4 months. During the follow-up period, 117 cases with UTD low-risk did not undergo surgical treatment; 62 cases of 67 with UTD medium-risk did not receive operation, and 5 were operated; while operation were performed on 56 cases of 59 with UTD high-risk, and 3 children with stable hydronephrosis were not treated surgically. The non-operation group had 182 cases, and operation group had 61 cases. The UTD high-risk rate and renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter of first ultrasound examination in operation group were significantly higher than those in non-operation group: 91.80% (56/61) vs. 1.65% (3/182) and 1.9 (1.6, 2.4) mm vs. 0.7 (0.3, 1.5) mm, the thickness of renal parenchyma was significantly lower than that in non-operation group: 3.0 (1.3, 4.1) mm vs. 6.0 (5.1, 7.2) mm, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). The result of follow-up in operation group showed that the renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter and the ratio of renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter to renal parenchyma thickness 1 year after operation were significantly lower than those before operation: (1.6 ± 0.7) cm vs. (3.5 ± 1.5) cm and 0.3 ± 0.2 vs. 1.1 ± 1.0, the thickness of renal parenchyma and differentiated renal function were significantly higher than those before operation: (5.8 ± 2.4) mm vs. (3.2 ± 3.1) mm and (45.4 ± 1.9)% vs. (39.5 ± 2.3)%, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Conclusions:UTD grading system is required after birth. Children with hydronephrosis in UTD low-risk and most of the UTD medium-risk have relatively satisfactory prognosis. The hydronephrosis children with UTD high-risk should undergo early surgery if progressive worsening appears and decline in differentiated renal function is detected.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 646-649, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884924

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of gene mutations in colorectal cancer(CRC)patients by using next-generation generation sequencing(NGS).Methods:Blood and tissue samples were collected from 90 CRC patients admitted to Beijing Hospital between August 5, 2016 and December 29, 2020.Analysis of driver gene mutations was performed by using a 1021-gene NGS panel.Results:There were 43 tissue samples and 83 blood samples.Also, 36 patients had both tissue and blood samples.The frequency rates of KRAS and BRAF mutations were 51.2%(22/43)and 20.9%(9/43)in tissue samples, and 3 rare concomitant KRAS/ BRAF mutations were detected.The frequency rates of KRAS and BRAF mutations were 26.5%(22/83)and 10.8%(9/83)in blood samples.In patients with tissue and blood samples, the rates of KRAS and BRAF mutations were 52.8%(19/36)and 10.8%(8/36). Conclusions:The rate of KRAS mutations in tissue samples from colorectal cancer patients is similar to rates reported in the literature, but the rate of BRAF mutation and the rate of rare KRAS and BRAF co-mutations are higher than those reported from other countries.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883783

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Objective:To compare the effects of different doses of atorvastatin on blood lipid and endothelial function in patients with hypertension and carotid plaque.Methods:Ninety-two patients with hypertension and carotid plaque who received treatment from June 2019 to June 2020 were included in this study. They were assigned to receive treatment with either atorvastatin 20 mg (control group, n = 46) or atorvastatin 40 mg (study group, n = 46) for 3 months. Blood lipid level and endothelial function were compared between the two groups. Results:There were no significant differences in sex, age, course of disease, body mass index (BMI) and carotid plaque grading between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Before treatment, there were no significant differences in serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) between two groups (all P > 0.05). After treatment, serum levels of TC, TG and LDL-C in each group were significantly decreased compared with before treatment [study group: TC: (5.8 ± 2.3) mmol/L vs. (3.5 ± 1.3) mmol/L, t = 5.904; TG: (2.5 ± 0.8) mmol/L vs. (1.2 ± 0.5) mmol/L, t = 9.346; LDL-C: (5.0 ± 0.4) mmol/L vs. (3.3 ± 0.4) mmol/L, t = 20.382; control group: TC: (5.9 ± 1.8) mmol/L vs. (4.5 ± 1.5) mmol/L, t = 4.052; TG: (2.6 ± 0.3) mmol/L vs. (1.8 ± 0.7) mmol/L, t = 7.125; LDL-C: (4.9 ± 0.5) mmol/L vs. (4.2 ± 0.5) mmol/L, t = 6.714, all P < 0.01). After treatment, serum level of HDL-C in each group was significantly increased compared with before treatment [study group: (0.8 ± 0.5) mmol/L vs. (1.5 ± 0.3) mmol/L, t = 8.142; control group: (0.8 ± 0.4) mmol/L vs. (1.3 ± 0.2) mmol/ L, t = 7.583, both P < 0.01]. After treatment, serum levels of TC, TG and LDL-C in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( tTC = 3.417, tTG = 4.731, tLDL-C = 9.533, all P < 0.01). After treatment, serum level of HDL-C in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( tHDL-C = 3.762, P < 0.01). Before treatment, there were no significant differences in endothelium-dependent (flow mediated dilation, FMD) and endothelium-independent diastolic function (nitroglycerin- mediated dilatation, NMD) between the two groups (both P > 0.05). After treatment, FMD in each group was significantly enhanced compared with before treatment [study group: (7.5 ± 1.8) % vs. (10.9 ± 2.5) %, t = 7.486; control group: (7.7 ± 1.5) % vs. (8.9 ± 2.2) %, t = 3.057; both P < 0.05]. After treatment, FMD in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( t = 4.073, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in NMD between before and after treatment in the control group. After treatment, NMD in the study group was significantly increased compared with before treatment [(12.5 ± 2.3) % vs. (13.6 ± 2.5) %, t = 2.196, P = 0.031]. Conclusion:Atorvastatin 40 mg once a day can effectively regulate blood lipid level and improve endothelial function in patients with hypertension and carotid plaque, which exhibits superior effects to atorvastatin 20 mg once a day.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882385

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Objective:To investigate the correlation between fluid attenuated inversion recovery vascular hyperintensities (FVH) -diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) mismatch and the outcomes after endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (EMT) in patients with acute middle cerebral artery M1 segment occlusive stroke.Methods:Patients with middle cerebral artery M1 segment occlusive stroke who received EMT treatment and whose FLAIR images showed FVH in the Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University from January 2016 to June 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. The demographics and basic clinical information of the patients were collected. The modified Rankin Scale was used to evaluate the outcomes at 3 months after the onset of symptoms. 0-2 was defined as a good outcome, and >2 was defined as a poor outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of clinical outcome. Results:A total of 77 patients were enrolled in the study. Their age was 67.16±9.63 years, 51 were males (66.23%). The baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 14.16±7.49. Forty patients (51.95%) had a good outcome, and 37 (48.05%) had a poor outcome. Univariate analysis showed that the proportion of patients with FVH-DWI mismatch in the good outcome group was significantly higher than that in the poor outcome group (60.00% vs. 29.73%; χ2=7.103, P=0.008), and baseline NIHSS score (11.60±4.44 vs. 16.92±9.05; t=-3.312, P=0.001) and the proportion of patients with hypertension (65.00% vs. 86.49%; χ2=4.774, P=0.029) were significantly lower than those in the poor outcome group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that FVH-DWI mismatch was independently associated with the good outcomes (odds ratio [ OR] 0.345, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 0.121-0.984; P=0.047), baseline NIHSS score was independently associated with the poor outcomes ( OR 1.133, 95% CI 1.036-1.239; P=0.006). Conclusion:FVH-DWI mismatch was independently associated with the good outcomes after EMT treatment in patients with acute middle cerebral artery M1 segment occlusive stroke.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the pre-treatment preventive maintenance and quality control procedure of MRI system and transcranial MRI-guided focused ultrasound (TcMRgFUS) treatment system by monitoring quality control of these two systems.@*METHODS@#The general performance index and image quality control index of MRI system, as well as the quality assurance program of TcMRgFUS EXABLATE 4000 system were tested and recorded.@*RESULTS@#The general performance index and image quality control index of MRI system met requirements.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Through system detection, the system performance could be monitored, ensuring the accuracy and safety of surgery.


Subject(s)
Hyperthermia, Induced , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Phantoms, Imaging , Quality Control
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888801

ABSTRACT

Biotransformation of α-asarone by Alternaria longipes CGMCC 3.2875 yielded two pairs of new neolignans, (+) (7S, 8S, 7'S, 8'R) iso-magnosalicin (1a)/(-) (7R, 8R, 7'R, 8'S) iso-magnosalicin (1b) and (+) (7R, 8R, 7'S, 8'R) magnosalicin (2a)/(-) (7S, 8S, 7'R, 8'S) magnosalicin (2b), and four known metabolites, (±) acoraminol A (3), (±) acoraminol B (4), asaraldehyde (5), and 2, 4, 5-trimethoxybenzoic acid (6). Their structures, including absolute configurations, were determined by extensive analysis of NMR spectra, X-ray crystallography, and quantum chemical ECD calculations. The cytotoxic activity and Aβ

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