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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881081

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is regarded as the most common liver disease with no approved therapeutic drug currently. Silymarin, an extract from the seeds of Silybum marianum, has been used for centuries for the treatment of various liver diseases. Although the hepatoprotective effect of silybin against NAFLD is widely accepted, the underlying mechanism and therapeutic target remain unclear. In this study, NAFLD mice caused by methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet were orally administrated with silybin to explore the possible mechanism and target. To clarify the contribution of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), PPARα antagonist GW6471 was co-administrated with silybin to NAFLD mice. Since silybin was proven as a PPARα partial agonist, the combined effect of silybin with PPARα agonist, fenofibrate, was then evaluated in NAFLD mice. Serum and liver samples were collected to analyze the pharmacological efficacy and expression of PPARα and its targets. As expected, silybin significantly protected mice from MCD-induced NAFLD. Furthermore, silybin reduced lipid accumulation via activating PPARα, inducing the expression of liver cytosolic fatty acid-binding protein, carnitine palmitoyltransferase (Cpt)-1a, Cpt-2, medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1, and suppressing fatty acid synthase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase α. GW6471 abolished the effect of silybin on PPARα signal and hepatoprotective effect against NAFLD. Moreover, as a partial agonist for PPARα, silybin impaired the powerful lipid-lowering effect of fenofibrate when used together. Taken together, silybin protected mice against NAFLD via activating PPARα to diminish lipid accumulation and it is not suggested to simultaneously take silybin and classical PPARα agonists for NAFLD therapy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883565

ABSTRACT

Objective:At present, the postgraduate education of emergency medicine in China mainly relies on the internal medicine system and lacks specialty pertinence. The purpose of this study is to establish a compulsory curriculum system for professional postgraduates of emergency medicine.Methods:Modified Delphi method was used to subscribe questionnaires to experts, and the contents were mainly about medical education management and research of emergency in the affiliated teaching hospitals of Peking University. Microsoft Excel 2016 was used for double entry of questionnaire contents, and SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistics.Results:The panel was consisted of 14 experts in total and two rounds of Delphi questionnaires were completed. The response rate of the two rounds were both 100%. The authority coefficient of experts was > 0.9 and the average score of each evaluation index was 4.07-5.00 points. The coefficient of variation of each index was 0-0.22 and the Kendall coefficient of concordance was 0.07-0.10.Conclusion:As a result, a comprehensive emergency professional postgraduate curriculum system has been established.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 526-536, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774969

ABSTRACT

Obeticholic acid (OCA), the first FXR-targeting drug, has been claimed effective in the therapy of liver fibrosis. However, recent clinical trials indicated that OCA might not be effective against liver fibrosis, possibly due to the lower dosage to reduce the incidence of the side-effect of pruritus. Here we propose a combinatory therapeutic strategy of OCA and apoptosis inhibitor for combating against liver fibrosis. CCl-injured mice, d-galactosamine/LPS (GalN/LPS)-treated mice and cycloheximide/TNF (CHX/TNF)-treated HepG2 cells were employed to assess the effects of OCA, or together with IDN-6556, an apoptosis inhibitor. OCA treatment significantly inhibited hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation/proliferation and prevented fibrosis. Elevated bile acid (BA) levels and hepatocyte apoptosis triggered the activation and proliferation of HSCs. OCA treatment reduced BA levels but could not inhibit hepatocellular apoptosis. An enhanced anti-fibrotic effect was observed when OCA was co-administrated with IDN-6556. Our study demonstrated that OCA inhibits HSCs activation/proliferation partially by regulating BA homeostasis and thereby inhibiting activation of HSCs. The findings in this study suggest that combined use of apoptosis inhibitor and OCA at lower dosage represents a novel therapeutic strategy for liver fibrosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700637

ABSTRACT

Clinical training base is playing an important role in the quality guarantee of postgradu-ates in clinical medicine. The clinical allocation, teaching resources and teaching staff are important factors affecting the quality of teaching. Clinical training bases should define the teaching objectives and guarantee the teaching orientation, organization and incentive system. Meanwhile, the clinical training bases should do well in teaching evaluation and continuous improvement, so that to promote the implementation of teaching objectives and ensure the quality of teaching. Finally, a training mechanism centering on the growth and development of postgraduates majoring in clinical medicine will be constructed, improving the training effect and cultivating excellent clinicians.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505297

ABSTRACT

This study conducted questionnaire survey to graduate medical students in Medicine (M.D.) and Stomatological Medicine (S.M.D) enrolled at Peking University Health Science Center in the year 2013,analyzed on the understanding,period,forms,mentoring and effect of research training.Suggestions are proposed to strengthen the research training,for example,focusing on clinical training as well as research training,aiming at clinical issues,emphasize of clinical scientific research,permeating the concept oftransformation medicine,promotion of intense full-time research,strengthen the mentoring of professors.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607754

ABSTRACT

Objective Joint-PhD program is an effective way to cultivate international creative talents.Survey on intrinsic value factors of this mode is significant to improve the quality of medical education.Methods According to the questionnaire results and reports of 104 medical doctorates who attended the Joint-PhD program in PUHSC,Baldrige Performance Excellence was taken as theoretical framework.Results It showed that index influencing the quality of Joint-PhD education include social responsibility;stakeholders' expectation and market requirements;information and knowledge management support and so on.Conclusion In the process of doctoral education,advocating value of social responsibility,paying attention to the expectations of stakeholders,and attaching importance to the validity of education management services help to understand the intrinsic value of the quality management from the top universities in the world,in order to fundamentally improve the quality of doctoral education.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508774

ABSTRACT

Objective To gain a better knowledge of the changes of education funds investment for postgraduates of professional master's degree of clinical medicine before and after reform of the investment mechanism of graduate education. Methods 16 universities in which pilot reform of connection between postgraduate education and standardized training for residents were established were selected. A survey was conducted in terms of education funds investment, cost and living treatment during the period of clinical training. It also included the situation of standardized medical residency training. Descriptive analysis and t-test were performed to investigation results, using SPSS 20.0 statistical software. Results The average education funds were (17 100 ±11 100) yuan per person and (20 700 ±11 800) yuan per person, living treatments were (11 600±8 700) yuan per person per year and (10 200±8 700) yuan per person per year, tuition fees were (7 700±3 600) yuan per person per year and (8 800±2 100) yuan per person per year, tuition fees paid by students were (3 600±3 900) yuan per person per year and (7 700±3 400) yuan per person per year respectively before and after reform. Differences of average education funds, living treat-ments and tuition fees were not significant, while the difference between tuition fees paid by students were significant. After the re-form, students pay more tuition fees than before. Funds investment and living treat-ment of residents were significantly higher than that of graduate students. Conclusion Differences of edu-cation funds investment for professional master's degree of clinical medicine are great. And the training funds are difficult to fully meet the requirements of the culture. The life treatment is difficult to achieve equal pay to residents. We suggest perfecting the medical colleges financing mechanism and management, unifying and improving all kinds of medical college student funding standards, and setting up special funds to improve the postgraduate life treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502190

ABSTRACT

Objective To gain a better knowledge of the education for masters in clinical medicine (general practice) and provide a reference for the better exploration of the training mode of GP students.Methods 9 colleges and universities enrolling students for this program were selected with stratified sampling.A questionnaire was conducted in terms of admission,curriculum setting,clinical training,guidance and evaluation through officials in charge of graduate affairs from February to July in 2014.Descriptive analysis was performed to the investigation results,using SPSS 20.0 statistical software.Results A full-time undergraduate degree in clinical medicine was explicitly required in 88.9% (8/9) of colleges and universities.The average total credits of the course were 23.7 and the average clinical training duration was 32.4 months.Tutor group was adopted in all colleges and universities.The assessment and evaluation of the GP masters was mainly composed of multiple forms of process assessment and final evaluation.Conclusion We suggest attaching more importance to the improvements of enrollment policy,curriculum system,clinical training,standardized training base construction,teaching staff,and evaluation system in order to explore GP training mode in accord with the law of general practice and suitable for China's national conditions.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333642

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the levels of urinary soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in patients with lupus nephritis (LN), and explore their correlation with renal disease activity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Urine samples were collected from 92 renal biopsy-proven LN patients and 20 healthy controls. Renal disease activity was determined according to the ISN/RPS 2003 Revised Classification of Lupus Nephritis. The urine levels of sICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expressions of intrarenal ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were evaluated by immunohistochemisty staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Urinary sICAM-1 and VCAM-1 levels were elevated in LN patients compared with the controls. Significantly higher levels of urinary sICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were found in patients with active LN, who had also significantly increased intrarenal expressions of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 compared with patients in remission. A strong positive correlation was noted between intrarenal expression and urine levels of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve of urine sICAM-1 showed tan area under ROC curve of 0.874 for all participants in the test. A cutoff of 1095.00 pg/mg creatinine yielded a good sensitivity (0.945) and specificity (0.789). The ROC curve of urine VCAM-1 showed an area under ROC of 0.882 for all the participants, and a cutoff of 898.11 pg/mg creatinine yielded a good sensitivity (0.982) and specificity (0.667).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Urine sICAM-1 and VCAM-1 levels are positively correlated with their intrarenal expressions and reflect the activity of the nephritis, and therefore they may serve as potential biomarkers for early diagnosis of active LN.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Urine , Case-Control Studies , Early Diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Urine , Kidney , Metabolism , Lupus Nephritis , Diagnosis , Urine , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Urine
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464159

ABSTRACT

From the related work of comprehensive reform pilot for full-time Master of Public Health (MPH) professional degree education, we introduced Peking University and Fudan University's specific measures and achievements of cultivation of MPH position, admissions, curriculum, faculty, teaching, research, dissertations and etc. While comparing China's modes with John Hopkins University's and Harvard University's, we gave advice and made suggestions for our future full-time master of public health graduate training in China.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464067

ABSTRACT

From the perspective of institute of medical higher education, a set of index system which include three first level indicators has been constructed, for medical academic postgraduate ed-ucation internal evaluation with the method of expert advice as well as in-depth interview, and then through Delphi consulting, the weight of every indicator has been calculated. The weight of three first level indicators are 0.28 (educational condition), 0.42 (educational process), 0.30 (educational results) respectively. Finally, how to carry out internal evaluation and how to apply the results effec-tively have been discussed.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1435-1441, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340483

ABSTRACT

Most protocols for in vitro producing red blood cells (RBC) use the CD34(+) cells or embryonic stem cells from cord blood, bone marrow or peripheral blood as the start materials. This study was purposed to produce the mature RBC in vitro by using peripheral blood mononuclear cells as start material. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were isolated from buffy coat after blood leukapheresis, the mature red blood cells (RBC) were prepared by a 4-step culture protocol. The results showed that after culture by inducing with the different sets of cytokines and supporting by mouse MS-5 cell line, the expansion of PBMNC reached about 1000 folds at the end of the culture. About 90% of cultured RBC were enucleated mature cells which had the comparable morphological characteristics with normal RBC. Colony-forming assays showed that this culture system could stimulate the proliferation of progenitors in PBMNC and differentiate into erythroid cells. The structure and function analysis indicated that the mean cell volume of in vitro cultured RBC was 118 ± 4 fl, which was slight larger than that of normal RBC (80-100 fl); the mean cell hemoglobin was 36 ± 1.2 pg, which was slight higher than that of normal RBC (27-31 pg); the maximal deformation index was 0.46, which approachs level of normal RBC; the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and pyrurvate kinase levels was consistant with young RBC. It is concluded that PBMNC are feasble, convenient and low-cost source for producing cultured RBC and this culture system is suitable to generate the RBC from PBMNC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cytokines , Erythrocytes , Cell Biology , Erythroid Cells , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cell Biology , Mice
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466193

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effect of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells on radiation enteritis.Methods A total of 52 male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the present study.Herein,46 rats were randomly selected and irradiated with a dose of 15 Gy at their abdomens.Two hours post-irradiation,23 rats were randomly selected and infused intraperitoneally with adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells in passage 6 from young-female donor.The other 23 rats were intraperitoneally infused with PBS.The rest 6 rats were set as normal control.During the first 10 days post-irradiation,peripheral blood-samples from irradiated rats were harvested for testing the levels of IL-10 in serum using ELISA assay.Additionally,after isolating the thymic cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells,the percentages of CD4/CD25/Foxp(3)-positive regulatory T cells in thymus and peripheral blood were tested by flow-cytometry.Finally,infiltration of inflammatory cells and deposition of collagens within irradiated small intestine were analyzed by H&E staining and Masson Trichrome staining,respectively.Based on the MPO-immunohistochemistry staining,the type of infiltrated cells was identified.The Kaplan-Meier method was used for analyzing the survival rate of irradiated rats.Results During a period of 30 days post-irradiation,the irradiated rats receiving adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells survived longer than those receiving PBS (t =4.53,P < 0.05).Compared to the irradiated rats with PBS-treatment,adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells could elevate the level of IL-10 in serum (7 d:t =13.93,P < 0.05) and increase the percentages of CD4/CD25/Foxp(3)-positive regulatory T cells in both peripheral blood (3.5 d:t =7.72,7 d:t=11.11,10 d:t =6.99,P <0.05) and thymus (7 d:t =16.17,10 d:t =12.12,P< 0.05).Moreover,infiltration of inflammatory cells and deposition of collagens within irradiated small intestine were mitigated by adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells.Conclusions Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells were capable of curing radiation enteritis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453874

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the therapeutic effect of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells on radiation-induced vascular injury in the small intestine of rat. Methods A total of 34 male Sprague-Dawley rats were enrolled in this study. To establish a model of radiation-induced intestinal injury, each rat was irradiated with 15 Gy in whole abdomen. 17 rats were randomly selected and infused intraperitoneally with passage 6 ( P6 ) Ad-MSCs, and the other 17 rats that received PBS were set as control. 10 days post-irradiation, the number of CD31+ endothelial cells in the small intestine villus was measured by flow-cytometry, the expressions of CD31, CD105 and isolectin-B4 in the na?ve endothelial cells with detected by IHC-staining, and the vascular integrity was evaluated by measuring VE-Cadherin. The origination of na?ve endothelial cells within injured intestine was also analyzed. In addition, total mRNA were extracted from irradiated small intestine to assay the expressions of VEGF, bFGF, Flk-1 and SDF-1 using quantitative Real-time PCR. Results Compared to the control, the amount of CD31-postive endothelial cells within irradiated intestine was significantly increased after Ad-MSCs infusion ( t=12?15, P<0?05). The microvascular density in the injured sites was also significantly increased by the infusion of Ad-MSCs (20 d:t=10?33, P<0. 05;30 d:t=32?85, P<0?05). Moreover, the expressions of VEGF, bFGF, Flk-1 and SDF-1 were significantly up-regulated after delivery of Ad-MSCs ( VEGF:t =10?34, bFGF:t=11?25,Flk-1:t=6?73, SDF-1:t=6?73, all P<0?05), which was beneficial in maintaining the integrity of intra-villus blood-vessels as well as promoting neovascularization in the injured sites. Conclusion Ad-MSCs had potentials in healing radiation-induced vascular injury in rat small intestine.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440108

ABSTRACT

General practice is a clinical practice which integrates a variety of disciplines and aims at providing basic health care services for individuals, families and communities. General prac-tice in China is now experiencing increasing development. In 2011, the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council approved of the addition of general practice under the category of clinical medicine, initiating the education of postgraduates with professional degree majoring in general prac-tice. Through analyzing supervisor instruction, curriculum, skill training and assessment of postgrad-uates majoring in general practice, this paper thoroughly explored its training mode.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1053-1057, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261931

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the influence of cytokine combinations on proliferation and differentiation of human umbilical cord blood CD34(+) cells into megakaryocytes/platelets in vitro, the CD34(+) cells from human umbilical cord blood were amplified in serum-free medium StemSpan(SFEM) supplemented with several cytokine combinations by three-phase culture system. The effects of the cytokine combinations were compared. The results showed that at day 14 of the first culture phase, the CD34(+) cells cultured with cytokine combinations SCF + TPO + FL + IL-3 were amplified (11 000 ± 1 000) times, which were significantly higher than that of cells cultured with SCF + TPO + FL, but were not significantly different from that of cells cultured with SCF + TPO + IL-3 or SCF + TPO + FL + IL-3+ hydroxyl-corticosteroids. At day 7 of the second culture phase, the CD34(+) cells cultured with cytokine combination SCF + TPO + FL + IL-11 were amplified by (204666.7 ± 11718.9) times, which were significantly higher than that of cells cultured with SCF + TPO + FL + IL-3, but were not significantly different from that of cells cultured with SCF + TPO + FL + IL-11 + BMP4 + VEGF. At day 3 and day 6, the CD34(+) platelet-like cells accounted for about (39.8 ± 1.9)%, (39.7 ± 2.6)% and (25.5 ± 1.4)%, (23.1 ± 3.5)% cultured with SCF + TPO + FL + IL-11 and SCF + TPO + FL + IL-11 + BMP4 + VEGF, and significantly higher than that of the cells cultured with SCF + TPO + FL + IL-3. It is concluded that the cytokine combination of SCF + TPO + FL + IL-3 is most suitable cytokines combination for the amplification of CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitor cells. The cytokine combination of SCF + TPO + FL + IL-11 is preferred for the proliferation and differentiation of megakaryocytes, this study lays an experimental basis for investigating the proliferation and differentiation of CD34(+) into megakaryocytes/platelets in vitro.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Allergy and Immunology , Blood Platelets , Cell Biology , Cell Differentiation , Fetal Blood , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Interleukin-11 , Pharmacology , Interleukin-3 , Pharmacology , Megakaryocytes , Cell Biology , Stem Cell Factor , Pharmacology , Thrombopoietin , Pharmacology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234407

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify a novel HLA-DRB1 allele in Chinese.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A novel HLA-DR allele was detected by PCR-SSP and SBT in a patient with leukemia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The sequence of the novel allele was different from all other known alleles. The novel allele differed from the closet matching allele HLA-DRB1*1404 by one nucleotide substitution in exon 2, at position 33 T>C, this resulted in an amino acid change from Tyr to His at codon 17.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The novel allele is confirmed as a new HLA allele and it was officially named HLA-DRB1*1461 by WHO Nomenclature Committee in May, 2006.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334084

ABSTRACT

This study was to identify a novel HLA-DRB1 allele in Chinese population by nucleotide sequence ana- lysis. The HLA typing of genes was performed by PCR-SSO and PCR-SSP, the ambiguous novel allele was identified by DNA sequence analysis. The results showed that the sequence of this new allele differed from DRB1*140101 by one nucleotide substitution at position 256 in exon 2 (G- > A), resulting in an amino acid change from Ala to Thr at codon 57. In conclusion, this allele is a novel one, which has been officially given the name DRB1*1462 by the WHO nomenclature committee in January 2006.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Histocompatibility Testing , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Sequence Analysis, DNA
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334024

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate a beneficial approach for resolving the deficiency of blood source, preventing the infection resulting from blood transfusion and overcoming the knotty match of patients with rare blood group by using massive expansion of erythroid cells from cord blood CD34(+) cells in vitro. The CD34(+) cells from human cord blood were cultured in serum-free medium supplemented with stem cell factor (SCF), interleukin-3 (IL-3) and erythropoietin (EPO) for 1 week, then expansion and differentiation of CD34(+) cells into erythroid cells were supported by co-culture with human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow for 2 weeks. The results indicated that after culture for 23 days, the expansion multiple of total cell number reached 2.52 x 10(5), and over 95% of these cells were erythroid cells as compared with less than 1% of myelomonocytic (CD14(+) or CD15(+)) cells and megakaryocytic (CD41(+)) cells. However, the culture system without MSC support was significantly disadvantaged both in expansion ability and ratio of erythroid cells when compared with MSC supporting system. It is concluded that the erythroid cells can be produced from CD34(+) cells in large scale by culturing in the system comprised of cytokine sets and MSC feeders, in which MSCs can support the proliferation and differentiation of erythroid cells.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Cell Culture Techniques , Methods , Cell Differentiation , Fetal Blood , Cell Biology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Humans
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287420

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate a recombination event occurring between the HLA-B and DRB1 loci in a Chinese family with a leukemia patient.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HLA class I (-A and -B) low resolution typing was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific oligonucleotide, PCR-SSO). HLA class II low resolution typing was performed by PCR-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP). And HLA class I and II high resolution typing was done by sequencing-based typing (SBT). Then the recombination event was analyzed by family study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 2 haplotypes of the patient were A*3101-B*1301-DRB1*0701 and A*3303-B*4403-DRB1*1302. His father's 2 haplotypes were A*3001-B*1302-DRB1*0701 and A*3101-B*1301-DRB1*1501. Family study demonstrated that the HLA-A*3101-B*1301 was from one of his father's chromosome and the DRB1*0701 was from the other chromosome of his father. So the result indicated that the recombination event occurred between the HLA-B and -DRB1 loci during meiosis of his father and resulted in a new HLA haplotype that was transferred to the son.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A HLA-B/DR recombination event occurring between the HLA-B and -DRB1 loci has been found in a Chinese family, which may help further study of the mechanism of HLA recombination.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Crossing Over, Genetic , Genetics , Family , Female , HLA-A Antigens , Genetics , HLA-B Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DQ Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DQ beta-Chains , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Humans , Male , Pedigree , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recombination, Genetic
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