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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920744

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the differentially expressed proteins in different liver tissues in the mouse model of alveolar echinococcosis using high-resolution mass spectrometry with data independent acquisition (DIA), and to identify the key proteins contributing to the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Protoscoleces were isolated from Microtus fuscus with alveolar echinococcosis and the experimental model of alveolar echinococcosis was established in female Kunming mice aged 6 to 8 weeks by infection with Echinococcus multilocularis protoscoleces. Mice were divided into the experimental and control groups, and animals in the experimental group was injected with approximately 3 000 protoscoleces, while mice in the control group were injected with the same volume of physiological saline. Mouse liver specimens were sampled from both groups one year post-infection and subjected to pathological examinations. In addition, the lesions (the lesion group) and peri-lesion specimens (the peri-lesion group) were sampled from the liver of mice in the experimental group and the normal liver specimens (the normal group) were sampled from mice in the control group for DIA proteomics analysis, and the differentially expressed proteins were subjected to bioinformatics analysis. Results A total of 1 020 differentially expressed proteins were identified between the lesion group and the normal group, including 671 up-regulated proteins and 349 down-regulated proteins, and 495 differentially expressed proteins were identified between the peri-lesion group and the normal group, including 327 up-regulated proteins and 168 down-regulated proteins. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis revealed that these differentially expressed proteins were involved in peroxisome, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) and fatty acid degradation pathways, and the peroxisome and PPAR signaling pathways were found to correlate with liver injury. Several differentially expressed proteins that may contribute to the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis were identified in these two pathways, including fatty acid binding protein 1 (Fabp1), Acyl-CoA synthetase long chain family member 1 (Acsl1), Acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (Acox1), Enoyl-CoA hydratase and 3-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase (Ehhadh) and Acetyl-Coenzyme A acyltransferase 1B (Acaa1b), which were down-regulated in mice in the experimental group. Conclusion A large number of differentially expressed proteins are identified in the liver of the mouse model of alveolar echinococcosis, and Fabp1, Acsl1, Acox1, Ehhadh and Acaa1b may contribute to the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920743

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the differentially expressed proteins in different liver tissues in the mouse model of cystic echinococcosis (CE), so as to provide insights into the research and development of therapeutic drugs targeting CE. Methods Female Kunming mice at ages of 6 to 8 weeks were randomly assigned into the CE group and the control group. Mice in the CE group were intraperitoneally infected with 2 000 Echinococcus multilocularis protoscoleces, while mice in the control group were injected with the same volume of physiological saline. All mice in both groups were sacrificed after breeding for 350 d, and the lesions (the lesion group) and peri-lesion specimens (the peri-lesion group) were sampled from the liver of mice in the CE group and the normal liver specimens (the normal group) were sampled from mice in the control group for data independent acquisition (DIA) proteomics analysis, and the differentially expressed proteins were subjected to Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Results A total of 26 differentially expressed proteins were identified between the lesion group and the normal group and between the peri-lesion group and the normal group, including 8 up-regulated proteins and 18 down-regulated proteins. GO term enrichment analysis showed that these differentially expressed proteins were predominantly enriched in endoplasmic reticulum membrane (biological components), oxidoreductase activity (molecular function) and oxoacid metabolic process and monocarboxylic acid metabolic process (biological processes). KEGG pathway enrichment analysis revealed that the differentially expressed protein Acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (Acox1), which contributed to primary bile acid biosynthesis during the fatty acid oxidation, was involved in peroxisome signaling pathway, and the differentially expressed protein fatty acid binding protein 1 (Fabp1), which contributed to fatty acid transport, was involved in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway. Conclusion Differentially expressed proteins are identified in the liver specimens between mouse models of CE and normal mice, and some differentially expressed proteins may serve as potential drug targets for CE.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4406-4414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921516

ABSTRACT

To develop a magnetic nanoparticle chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) for the determination of type Ⅰ procollagen N-terminal peptide (PINP) in human serum, we expressed a recombinant PINP-α1 protein in Corynebacterium glutamicum and used it as an immunogen to immunize BALB/c mice. We obtained three hybridoma cell lines that stably secret antibody against PINP-α1 protein. After further pairing and screening, we chose a monoclonal antibody 8C12 coupled with biotin as the capture antibody, and a monoclonal antibody 1F11 labeled horseradish peroxidase as the detection antibody. The antibodies combined with the serum samples, forming a sandwich complex which was used to detect the concentration of PINP in serum. After optimizing the conditions, we determined that the best working concentration of the capture antibody and the detection antibody were 3 μg/mL, and the incubation time was 30 minutes. The quantitative assay had a detection range of 5-1 100 ng/mL, with recovery rates between 93%-107% and the minimum detection limit of 1.22 ng/mL achieved. The intra-and inter-assay precisions were lower than 10%. The correlation coefficient of PINP results between this CLIA method and the Roche electrochemiluminescence immunoassay system was 0.906 2. Therefore, this CLIA method is specific and can be used to quantitatively detect the content of PINP in serum, which has the potential to become an auxiliary approach for bone disease examination.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Immunoassay , Luminescence , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Peptide Fragments/isolation & purification , Procollagen/isolation & purification
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on the sleep quality after cesarean section and postpartum depression in parturients with sleep disorder.Methods:A total of 225 parturients, aged 20-45 yr, weighing 50-80 kg, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, scheduled for elective cesarean section, were enrolled in this study.The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scale was used to investigate the sleep quality before operation.PSQI score<7 was defined as having no sleep disorder, and the patients were included in the non-sleep disorder group (NSD group, n=76). PSQI score≥7 was defined as having sleep disorder, and the patients were randomly divided into sleep disorder group (SD group, n=73) and TEAS group ( n=76). Routine combined spinal-epidural anesthesia was performed in NSD group and SD group.In TEAS group, Neiguan, Baihui, Zusanli and Sanyinjiao acupoints were selected for performing TEAS from the completion of combined spinal-epidural anesthesia to the end of operation, and TEAS was performed for 30 min on the 1st and 2nd days after operation.Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia was applied after operation in the three groups.The blood samples were taken from the cubital vein before operation and at 1 and 2 days after operation for determination of the plasma melatonin and prolactin concentrations (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). The Leeds Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire (LSEQ) was used to evaluate the quality of sleep before operation and at 1, 2 and 7 days after operation.The Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale was used to evaluate the postpartum depression at 6 weeks after operation. Results:Compared with NSD group, LSEQ scores were significantly decreased at each time point after operation, the incidence of postpartum depression was increased, and the concentrations of plasma melatonin and prolactin were decreased, and the lactation initiation time was prolonged in SD group ( P<0.05). Compared with SD group, LSEQ scores were significantly increased at each time point after operation, the incidence of postpartum depression was decreased, and the concentrations of plasma melatonin and prolactin were increased, and the lactation initiation time was shortened in TEAS group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:TEAS can raise the the sleep quality after cesarean section and reduce the occurrence of postpartum depression in the parturients with sleep disorders.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878934

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Danhong Injection combined with conventional therapy in improving diabetes mellitus complicated with coronary heart disease. Based on the online literature database(CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochran Library), the Chinese and English papers about the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Danhong Injection in the treatment of diabetes mellitus complicated with coronary heart disease were searched comprehensively from the establishment of the databases to January 1, 2020. The papers were screened strictly according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Based on Jadad scale, the risk assessment of literature was carried out, and Meta-analysis was performed by STATA 12.0 software. Seventeen RCTs were included, involving 1 453 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the combination of Danhong Injection and conventio-nal treatment could improve the clinical comprehensive effective rate(RR=1.47, 95%CI[1.38, 1.58], P<0.000 1), electrocardiogram(ECG) efficiency(RR=1.30, 95%CI[1.16, 1.46], P<0.000 1), efficiency of the angina pectoris(RR=1.41, 95%CI[1.25, 1.58], P<0.000 1), cholesterol level(SMD=-1.05, 95%CI[-1.95,-0.16], P=0.02), low-density lipoprotein(LDL) level(SMD=-0.50, 95%CI[-0.79,-0.21], P<0.000 1), coronary angina attack frequency(SMD=-3.71, 95%CI[-4.05,-3.36], P<0.000 1) and duration of angina pectoris(SMD=-2.96, 95%CI[-3.25,-2.66], P<0.000 1), with statistically significant differences. But the differences in fasting plasma glucose(FPG)(SMD=-0.19, 95%CI[-0.45, 0.08], P=0.16), plasma glucose of two hours after meal(2 hPG)(SMD=0.19, 95%CI[-0.11, 0.49], P=0.22), and high-density lipoprotein(HDL) level(SMD=0.10, 95%CI[-0.30, 0.49], P=0.62) after treatment were not statistically significant. Compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in adverse reactions(SMD=-2.96, 95%CI[-3.25,-2.66], P=0.75). The existing evidence shows that the combination of Western medicine and Danhong Injection can improve the clinical effect for diabetes mellitus complicated with coronary heart disease and has no obvious adverse reactions. However, due to the low level of overall literature evidence, high risk and some kind of publication bias, it still needs more high-quality randomized controlled trials and low-bias studies for further verification.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the association between CRHR1 gene(rs1876828)polymorphism and the effect of inhaled corticosteroids(ICS)in children with bronchial asthma.Methods:A total of 60 children with moderate persistent asthma who were treated in the Department of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2018 to June 2019 were included.The CRHR1 gene rs1876828 locus in children with asthma was detected by Sanger sequencing.The children were divided into TT genotype group(TT group) and CC genotype group(CC group)according to the different base sequences of gene loci.There were 22 cases in TT group(36.7%)and 38 cases in CC group(63.3%). Both groups were given aerosol inhalation of ICS and symptomatic treatment.Clinical symptoms and signs were observed and scored before and after treatment for 3d, 10d and 30d, and the days required for complete disappearance of symptoms and signs were recorded.Results:After 3d of treatment, clinical symptoms and signs of TT group and CC group were improved to a certain extent, but there was no statistical significant difference between two groups( P>0.05). At 10d and 30 d after treatment, the recovery of the two groups was better than that at 3d, and the improvement degree of the TT group was significantly better than that of the CC group, with statistical significance( P<0.05). The time of complete remission of symptoms and signs in TT group and CC group was(8.68±7.42)d and(16.21±7.82)d; the difference was statistically significant( P<0.01). Conclusion:There is a polymorphism of CRHR1 rs1876828 locus in children with bronchial asthma, which manifests as TT genotype and CC genotype, and CC genotype is the majority.The polymorphism of CRHR1 gene rs1876828 in asthmatic children is associated with the efficacy of ICS.The efficacy of ICS in children with TT genotype is better than that of CC genotype.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905851

ABSTRACT

The global incidence of breast cancer has increased year by year. Breast cancer has the highest mortality rate in female patients with malignant tumors. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has made great contribution to health of human being, improving the overall curative effect, reducing the patients' pain, improving the quality of life and alleviating adverse reactions in patients. TCM and its active compounds can inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest, invasion, metastasis and reversing multidrug resistance. The effect of the compounds in TCM is obvious on inducing the arrest of the breast cancer cells cycle. It′s a novel method to fight against breast cancer by influencing the progress of the breast cancer cell cycle and inducing the cell cycle arrest in breast cancer cells. Lots of studies have shown that the G2/M phase checkpoint which transition from gap-phase (G2 phase) to mitotic phase (M phase) in the cell cycle is the key point for cell survival or death. Many antitumor drugs can inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells through the cell cycle arrest. We summarized the domestic and foreign literatures in recent years, and comprehensively explained the research progress on the related regulatory molecules in G2/M arrest. In addition, we summarized and sorted out the researches on the methods and ways of alkaloids, polysaccharides, terpenes, flavonoids, saponins and other active compounds of TCM in inducing the G2/M arrest of human breast cancer cells. By summarizing the active compounds of various Chinese medicines in inducing G2/M arrest of breast cancer cells, and reviewing the research progress on mechanism of active TCM compounds for inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells, we will, in this paper, investigate the mechanism of active TCM compounds for inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells through inducing G2/M arrest of human breast cancer cells, so as to provide a scientific basis for in-depth research on the anti-breast cancer mechanism of the active compounds in TCM.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873131

ABSTRACT

Objective::Based on LC-MS and molecular docking strategy, to study the pharmacodynamic material basis of Jinqi Jiangtang tablets in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). Method::UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to identify the chemical constituents of Jinqi Jiangtang tablets. On this basis, the disease targets were screened based on the online disease target database and protein-protein interaction(PPI). The molecular docking technology was used to verify the relationship between the chemical constituents and disease targets in Jinqi Jiangtang tablets, so as to find out the potential pharmacodynamic basis of Jinqi Jiangtang tablets in the treatment of T2DM. Result::Based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, 51 chemical constituents were identified in Jinqi Jiangtang tablets, including 31 astragalus, 16 coptis and 4 honeysuckle. The key targets of catalase from micrococcus lysodeiktic(CAT) receptor, peroxisome proliferative actived receptor(PPARG) receptor and insulin(INS) receptor were identified by CTD database, topological analysis and related literature. Based on LC-MS and molecular docking technology, we found that magnoflorine, coptisine, epiberberine, astragaloside Ⅳ, caffeic acid, palmatine, berberine, jateorhizine, berberubine, berberastine, groenlandne, lycoranine B, demethyleneberberine, isomucrontolula-7-O-glucoside and calycosin-7-O-glucoside were used to treat type 2 diabetes potential pharmacodynamic material basis of urinary diseases. Conclusion::Protein interaction and network topology analysis are helpful for the rapid localization of core targets. In addition, molecular docking technology can realize large-scale virtual screening of potential candidate compounds. The integration of LC-MS and molecular docking technology can facilitate and quickly find the potential pharmacodynamic substance basis in traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, and provide a reference for subsequent drug activity screening experiments.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of inhaled aerosolized budesonide and salbutamol on lung function during one-lung ventilation (OLV) in rabbits.Methods:Thirty-two healthy male New Zealand white rabbits, aged 5-6 months, weighing 2.5-3.0 kg, were randomized into 4 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: two-lung ventilation (TLV) group, OLV group, inhalation of aerosolized budesonide group (group B) and inhalation of aerosolized budesonide and salbutamol group (group B+ S). Bilateral lungs were ventilated for 3 h in group TLV, the left lung was ventilated for 2 h followed by 1-h TLV in OLV, B and B+ S groups, aerosolized budesonide 1 mg (diluted to 2 ml in normal saline) was inhaled before OLV in group B, and aerosolized salbutamol 0.15 mg/kg plus budesonide 0.5 mg was inhaled before OLV in group B+ S.The equal volume of aerosolized normal saline was delivered in TLV and OLV groups.Volume-controlled ventilation was used in all groups.Arterial blood samples were obtained for blood gas analysis before aerosol inhalation (T 0), 15 min and 1 h after aerosol inhalation (T 1, 2), and at the end of ventilation (T 3). Oxygenation index was calculated.Mixed venous blood samples were collected to determine the corresponding parameters.The pulmonary shunt (Qs/Qt) was calculated.Peak airway pressure (P peak), airway platform pressure (P plat), airway resistance (Raw), and lung compliance (C dyn) were continuously monitored and recorded at T 0-T 3. Results:Compared with group TLV, the concentration of lactic acid was significantly increased at T 2, 3, oxygenation index and C dyn were decreased at T 1-3, and Qs/Qt, Raw, P plat and P peak were increased in OLV, B and B+ S groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group OLV, the concentration of lactic acid was significantly decreased at T 2, 3, oxygenation index and C dyn were increased at T 1-3, and Qs/Qt, Raw, P plat and P peak were decreased in B and B+ S groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group BD, the C dyn was significantly increased at T 1-3, and Qs/Qt, Raw and P peak were decreased in group B+ S ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Inhaled aerosolized budesonide and salbutamol can effectively improve lung function during OLV in rabbits.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845244

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of Leigongteng Pian(Tripterygium wilfordii tablets)for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA)based on chemomics and network pharmacology. Method: UPLC-Q-TOF/HRMS was used to analyze the chemical constituents of Tripterygium wilfordii tablets under the positive and negative ion modes. Thereafter,the ingredient targets of Tripterygium wilfordii tablets were predicted by Swiss Target Prediction and Pharm- Mapper databases,and the targets of RA diseases were obtained by Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP),Therapeutic Target Database(TTD)and Comparative Toxicogenomics Database(CTD). By taking the inter-section of ingredient targets and disease targets,the direct common targets of Tripterygium wilfordii tablets for the treat- ment of rheumatoid arthritis were obtained. Then the GeneMANIA database was used to obtain indirect targets,and the software of Cytoscape 3.7.1 was used to construct the protein-protein interaction(PPI)networks of potential targets,by which the key targets were screened. Enrichment of gene function and pathways of all potential targets were conducted by Gene Ontology(GO)database and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)database to explore the mecha- nism of Tripterygium wilfordii tablets for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Results: Thirtyone chemical constituents of Tripterygium wilfordii tablets were screened out and sixtysix potential targets were predicted. Twentyseven active com- ponents in the Tripterygium wilfordii tablets might be important components for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis as in- dicated by the reverse screening. At the same time,five core targets were screened out,which might be involved in the key pathways that actively participate in the intervention and adjustion of rheumatoid arthritis. Conclusion: In this study,we found that the active components in Tripterygium wilfordii tablets could exert important biological effects via multiple targets and pathways,and these targets and pathways are all involved with the inflammation and immune regula- tion of RA.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1258-1260, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824702

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of ixeris sonchifolia pretreatment on the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α)following myocardial injury induced by exhausting exercise in rats.Methods Fifty-six healthy clean-grade male Wistar rats,weighing 200-220 g,were divided into 3 groups using a random number table method: control group(group C,n=8),exhausting exercise group(group E,n=24)and ixeris sonchifolia pretreatment group(group IS,n=24).In E and IS groups,the model of myocardial injury was established by exhausting swimming.In group IS,the rats were subjected to exhaust-ing swimming after intraperitoneal ixeris sonehifolia 20 ml/kg.In E and IS groups,blood samples were taken from the inferior vena cava at 0,6 and 24 h after exhaustion(T1-3)for determination of serum cardiac tro-ponin I(cTnI)concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The animals were sacrificed after an-esthesia,and myocardial specimens were obtained for determination of the cell apoptosis index(by TUNEL)and expression of HIF-1α,Bax and Bcl-2(by immunohistochemistry),and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio was calculated.The area of myocardial injury was observed using HBFP assay.Results Compared with group C,the area of myocardial injury,concentration of serum cTnl,Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and apoptosis index were significantly in-creased,and the expression of HIF-1α in myocardial tissues was up-regulated at each time point in E and IS groups(P<0.05).Compared with group E,the area of myocardial injury,concentration of serum cTnl,Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and apoptosis index were significantly decreased,and the expression of HIF-1α in myocardi-al tissues was down-regulated at each time point in group IS(P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which ixeris sonchifolia pretreatment mitigates myocardial injury induced by exhausting exercise is related to inhibiting up-regulated expression of HIF-1α in myocardial tissues and reducing cell apoptosis in rats.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824417

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of Doppler ultrasound to assess the stability of pelvic ring in treatment of lateral-compression-1 (LC-1) pelvic fractures.Methods For this prospective study 38 patients with LC-1 pelvic fracture were enrolled who had been admitted to the Department of Orthopedic Trauma,Honghui Hospital from July 2016 to November 2017.They were 22 men and 16 women with an age of 55.2 ± 16.1 years.After the patient's condition was stable,they underwent a Doppler ultrasound examination in the pelvic compression separation test.According to the criteria preset:those with a left-right mobility ≥ 0.3 cm were assigned as an unstable group (16 cases) and those with a mobility < 0.3 cm as a stable group (22 cases).The stable group received conservative treatment while the unstable group surgical treatment.The 2 groups were compared in terms of mobility of fracture ends,follow-up time,weight-bearing time,fracture healing time,and the Majeed scores of pelvic function at the last follow-up.Results The 2 groups were compatible due to their insignificant differences in baseline data(P > 0.05).The mobility of fracture ends (left-right distance:0.45 ± 0.22 cm;anterior-posterior distance:0.26 ± 0.16 cm;oblique distance:0.50 ±0.23 cm) in the unstable group was all significantly greater than in the stable group (left-right distance:0.11 ± 0.03 cm;anterior-posterior distance:0.05 ± 0.04 cm;oblique distance:0.11 ±0.07 cm) (P < 0.05).The weight-bearing time in the stable group (0.9 ±0.5 months) was significantly shorter than that in the unstable group (1.9 ±2.0 months) (Z =-2.353,P=0.019).There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in follow-up time (13.9 ± 3.8 months versus 15.1 ± 3.0 months),fracture healing time (4.6 ± 1.3 months versus 4.5 ± 1.2 months) or the Majeed scores (84.8 ± 6.4 versus 80.3 ± 12.2) (all P > 0.05).Conclusions Since ultrasonography is helpful in assessment of the stability of LC-1 pelvic fractures,a proper treatment strategy can be decided.Stable ones can be treated conservatively and unstable ones surgically.

13.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 221-224, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744219

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of small doses of remifentanil in preventing cardiovascular responses to extubation in the operation of obstructive sleep apnea hypoventilation syndrome (OSAHS) . Methods Eighty patients with snoring under general anesthesia were selected. The patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group with 40 cases in each group. The two groups used the same induction anaesthetics, and sevoflurane and remifentanil were used in both groups for anesthesia maintainance. The control group discontinued all anesthetics at the end of surgery; The treatment group stopped sevoflurane alone, and decreased and continued the infusion of remifentanil until extubation. The changes of heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and oxygen saturation before anesthesia (t1) , extubation (t2) , 5 min after extubation (t3) , 10 min after extubation (t4) and 15 min after extubation (t5) were recorded. Recovery indexesand adverse reactions of anesthesia were recorded. Results The heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure were significantly increased at t2, t3, t4 and t5 in the two groups (P< 0.05) . SpO2 in all time intervals after extubation was slightly decreased, but the difference was not statistically significant (P> 0.05) .No significant differences were found between the two groups in the recovery time of spontaneous respiration, extubation time and the time returning to the ward (P > 0. 05) . The incidence of adverse reactions was significantly lower in the treatment group (7.5%) than in the control group (30.0%) (P< 0.05) . Conclusion Small doses of remifentanil can effectively prevent the cardiovascular responses during extubation in OSAHS operations, reduce the adverse reactions and increase the safety of extubation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743711

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinical effects of minimally invasive corticotomy, Piezocision, as an adjunct to orthodontic treatment for the cases with missing mandibular first molar. Methods: 29 patients without mandibular first molar were devided into 2 groups and treated by orthodontic treatment with Piezocision (group A, n = 14) and routine orthodontic treatment (group B, n = 15) respectively. The movement distance and periodontal status of mandible second molar after force loading were compared between the 2 groups. Results: At 14, 28, 56, 84 days after add force loading, the movement distance of mandible second molar in group A were longer than in group B (P < 0. 05) . 84 days after force loading, there was no significant difference (P> 0. 05) about the periodontal indices in group A compared with those before force loading. Bleeding index (BI) and periodontal depth (PD) in group B were increased 84 days after loading (P < 0. 05) . There was no significant (P> 0. 05) of periodontal indices between the 2 groups at 84 days after force loading.Conclusion: Piezocision can accelerate orthodontic tooth movement of mandible second molar and can enture the periodontal health.

15.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1258-1260, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797071

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of ixeris sonchifolia pretreatment on the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) following myocardial injury induced by exhausting exercise in rats.@*Methods@#Fifty-six healthy clean-grade male Wistar rats, weighing 200-220 g, were divided into 3 groups using a random number table method: control group (group C, n=8), exhausting exercise group (group E, n=24) and ixeris sonchifolia pretreatment group (group IS, n=24). In E and IS groups, the model of myocardial injury was established by exhausting swimming.In group IS, the rats were subjected to exhausting swimming after intraperitoneal ixeris sonehifolia 20 ml/kg.In E and IS groups, blood samples were taken from the inferior vena cava at 0, 6 and 24 h after exhaustion (T1-3) for determination of serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The animals were sacrificed after anesthesia, and myocardial specimens were obtained for determination of the cell apoptosis index (by TUNEL) and expression of HIF-1α, Bax and Bcl-2 (by immunohistochemistry), and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio was calculated.The area of myocardial injury was observed using HBFP assay.@*Results@#Compared with group C, the area of myocardial injury, concentration of serum cTnl, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and apoptosis index were significantly increased, and the expression of HIF-1α in myocardial tissues was up-regulated at each time point in E and IS groups (P<0.05). Compared with group E, the area of myocardial injury, concentration of serum cTnl, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and apoptosis index were significantly decreased, and the expression of HIF-1α in myocardial tissues was down-regulated at each time point in group IS(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The mechanism by which ixeris sonchifolia pretreatment mitigates myocardial injury induced by exhausting exercise is related to inhibiting up-regulated expression of HIF-1α in myocardial tissues and reducing cell apoptosis in rats.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799895

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application of Doppler ultrasound to assess the stability of pelvic ring in treatment of lateral-compression-1 (LC-1) pelvic fractures.@*Methods@#For this prospective study 38 patients with LC-1 pelvic fracture were enrolled who had been admitted to the Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Honghui Hospital from July 2016 to November 2017. They were 22 men and 16 women with an age of 55.2±16.1 years. After the patient's condition was stable, they underwent a Doppler ultrasound examination in the pelvic compression separation test. According to the criteria preset: those with a left-right mobility ≥ 0.3 cm were assigned as an unstable group (16 cases) and those with a mobility<0.3 cm as a stable group (22 cases). The stable group received conservative treatment while the unstable group surgical treatment. The 2 groups were compared in terms of mobility of fracture ends, follow-up time, weight-bearing time, fracture healing time, and the Majeed scores of pelvic function at the last follow-up.@*Results@#The 2 groups were compatible due to their insignificant differences in baseline data(P>0.05). The mobility of fracture ends (left-right distance: 0.45±0.22 cm; anterior-posterior distance: 0.26±0.16 cm; oblique distance: 0.50±0.23 cm) in the unstable group was all significantly greater than in the stable group (left-right distance: 0.11±0.03 cm; anterior-posterior distance: 0.05±0.04 cm; oblique distance: 0.11±0.07 cm) (P<0.05). The weight-bearing time in the stable group (0.9±0.5 months) was significantly shorter than that in the unstable group (1.9±2.0 months) (Z=-2.353, P=0.019). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in follow-up time (13.9±3.8 months versus 15.1±3.0 months), fracture healing time (4.6±1.3 months versus 4.5±1.2 months) or the Majeed scores (84.8±6.4 versus 80.3±12.2) (all P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Since ultrasonography is helpful in assessment of the stability of LC-1 pelvic fractures, a proper treatment strategy can be decided. Stable ones can be treated conservatively and unstable ones surgically.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851605

ABSTRACT

As an important part of transdermal drug delivery system, gel plaster of Chinese materia medica (CMM) has inherited the traditional theory of traditional Chinese medicine and developed rapidly in recent years in combination with the new technology and technology of modern preparations. Compared with the traditional black paste and rubber paste, the gel plaster of CMM, which uses water-soluble polymer as the matrix, has the advantages of good moisturizing performance, good compatibility with the skin, and repeated patching. It has been paid more and more attention by researchers. At the same time, the gel plaster of CMM also faces many problems, such as unreasonable matrix ratio, simple preparation process, and imperfect quality evaluation system. This article reviews the development status, matrix composition, and preparation technology of gel plaster of CMM in recent years, and provides reference for the further study of gel plaster of CMM.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1726-1730, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of iron metabolism abnormality on EPO-STAT5 signaling pathway in anemia patients.@*METHODS@#According to diseases, the patients were divided into 3 groups: lower risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) group (30 cases) including 14 cases of non-iron over load and 16 cases of iron over load, 12 cases of them were treated by iron chelation therapy; anemia of chronic disease (ACD) group (12 cases) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) group (12 cases). In addition, the healthy control group was selected. The iron metaloslism index (SF, SI, TIBC), serum level of EPO, plasma level of P-STAT5 and STAT-5 mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells were detected and compared in different groups. Moreover, the effects of iron metabolism abnormality on the expression of EPO and STAT5 in anemia patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#compared with non-iron over load group, the EPO level in iron over load group significantly increased (P<0.05), the expression of STAT5 mRNA and P-STAT5 significantly decreased (P<0.05). After iron chelation therapy, the EPO level in serum significantly decreased (P<0.05), the expression of STAT5 mRNA and P-STAT5 was up-regulated significantly (P<0.05). Compared with healthy control group, the expression of EPO in ACD group was down-regulated significantly, while the expression of STAT5 mRNA was not different, but the P-STAT5 expression was down-regulated significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the healtly control group, the EPO expression in IDA group was enhanced significantly (P<0.05), the expression of STAT5 mRNA and P-STAT5 were also significantly enhanced (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The excessive iron load or chronic inflammation may inhibit the activation of EPO-STAT5 signaling pathway and aggravate the anemia.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Erythropoietin , Humans , Iron , STAT5 Transcription Factor , Signal Transduction
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707513

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the perioperative incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and level of plasma D-dimer between different ages in patients with lower limb fracture in Northwest China.Methods The data were retrospectively analyzed of the 1,185 patients with lower limb fracture in 5 provinces in Northwest China from July 2014 to March 2017.They were 583 males and 602 femals,with an average of 60.3 years(from 18 to 102 years).Of them,723 were from Shaanxi Province,148 from Gansu Province,137 from Qinghai Province,128 from Ningxia Hui Nationality Autonomous Regions and 49 from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.They were divided into a young group (≤44 years old) (n =288),a middle-aged group (from 45 to 59 years old) (n =256),a junior elderly group (from 60 to 74 years old) (n =263),and a senior elderly group (≥75 years old) (n =378).The incidences of perioperative deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and levels of plasma D-dimer were compared between the 4 age groups.Results The DVT incidences before and after operation in the young group were significantly lower than in the other 3 groups (P < 0.05);the DVT incidence after operation in the middle-aged group was significantly lower than that in the junior elderly group (P < 0.05).The pre-and post-operative levels of plasma D-dimer increased with the age of the patients;the pre-and post-operative levels of plasma D-dimer in the senior elderly group were significantly higher than in the other 3 groups (P < 0.05).Conclusions The perioperative incidence of DVT was high in the elderly patients with lower limb fracture in Northwest China,peaking in the age range from 60 to 74 years old.The pre-and post-operative levels of plasma D-dimer increased with the age of the patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707473

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether the ABCD classification has any advantage over the subaxial cervical spine injury classification (SLIC) in the treatment of cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation.Methods Included in this study were 118 patients who had been treated for cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation from January 2012 to December 2016.They were 98 men and 20 women,aged from 18 to 78 years (average,50.1 years).Of them,those admitted from January 2012 to June 2014 were diagnosed and treated according to the SLIC while those admitted from July 2014 to December 2016 were diagnosed and treated by the ABCD classification.After a retrospective re-evaluation of the 118 cases was conducted using the classification other than their original one,30 cases were identified who showed discrepancy in the guidance indicated by the classification.Conservative treatment had been suggested for them by the SLIC but surgical treatment was suggested by the ABCD classification.Actually,16 of them had been treated conservatively and 14 surgically.The 2 groups of the 30 cases were compared in terms of preand post-operative American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores.Results The 30 patients were followed up for 12 to 48 months (average,20 months).Ten of them obtained one grade ASIA improvement (4 in the conservative group and 6 in the surgical group) one year after operation.The JOA improvement rate for the conservative group (40.58% ± 23.02%) was significantly lower than that for the surgical group (61.44% ± 27.06%) (Z =-2.085,P =0.037).Their gender,age,or operative procedure was not significantly correlated with their treatment results (P > 0.05),but their conservative or surgical treatment was significantly correlated with their treatment results (x2 =5.000,P =0.025).Conclusion The ABCD classification may have an advantage over the SLIC in the treatment of cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation,because it may lead to better neural functional recovery due to the more appropriate treatment protocol it may provide than the SLIC.

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