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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of parent-child cooperative music therapy on the core symptoms of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their mothers.@*METHODS@#In this prospective study, 112 children with ASD and their mothers were divided into a music therapy group and an applied behavior analysis (ABA) group using a random number table (n=56 each). The children in the ABA group were treated with ABA, and those in the music therapy group were given parent-child cooperative music therapy in addition to the ABA treatment. The duration of intervention was 8 weeks for both groups. Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Parenting Stress Index-Short form (PSI-SF), Family APGAR Index, and Herth Hope Index (HHI) were used to evaluate the core symptoms of children with ASD and the parenting stress, family APGAR index, and hope level of mothers before and after intervention.@*RESULTS@#A total of 100 child-mother dyads completed the whole study, with 50 child-mother dyads in each group. After intervention, the children in the music therapy group had significantly lower total score of ABC scale and scores of sensation, social interaction, and somatic movement, as well as a significantly lower total score of CARS than those in the ABA group (P<0.05). After intervention, compared with the mothers in the ABA group, the mothers in the music therapy group had significantly higher total score of PSI-SF and score of parent-child dysfunctional interaction, significantly higher total score of HHI and scores of each dimension, and significantly higher total score of APGAR and scores of cooperation and intimacy (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Parent-child cooperative music therapy combined with ABA can alleviate the core symptoms of children with ASD, reduce the parenting stress of their mothers, and improve family APGAR index and hope level.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder/therapy , Child , Female , Humans , Mothers , Music Therapy , Parent-Child Relations , Prospective Studies
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 231-243, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872616

ABSTRACT

As a Ginkgo biloba extract preparation, shuxuening injection has a unique advantage in the prevention and treatment of acute and subacute stroke, but its main active ingredient is still unclear. Using a subacute model of stroke in mice constructed earlier, we further explored the contribution and mechanism of the two main components of total ginkgo flavonol glycosides and total ginkgolides in facilitating the neurofunctional recovery in stroke-induced mice. The pharmacodynamics was mainly evaluated by neurobehavioral changes, cerebral infarction volume, blood-brain barrier permeability and brain edema. The pathway and targets were predicted by transcriptome and network pharmacology. Finally, the mechanism was verified at the mRNA and protein levels. The results showed that the beneficial effect of total ginkgolides was greater than that of total ginkgo flavonol glycosides in both the pharmacodynamics and the regulatory mechanism of granulocyte adhesion and diapedesis involving granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), macrophage-1 antigen (MAC-1) and E-selectin. These findings suggest that shuxuening injection may improve the prognosis for mice with subacute stroke by down-regulating G-CSF-mediated granulocyte adhesion and diapedesis pathway mainly through the total ginkgolide components. This finding is expected to provide reference for optimizing prescription and searching for natural drugs for targeting the treatment of ischemic stroke prognosis. The animal experiments in this study followed the regulations of Animal Ethics Committee of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 649-654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the clinical and genetic features of a pedigree with familial encephalopathy with neuroserpin inclusions bodies (FENIB) and to enhance the understanding of the disease.Methods:The proband was admitted to Department of Neurology, Henan Provincial People′s Hospital in June 2020 due to cognitive impairment and epilepsy. Detailed medical history inquiry, physical examinations, and neuroimaging examination of the family were conducted. The proband completed the examination of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram (EEG), cerebrospinal fluid examinations. Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to screen the genetic variations in the proband. Sanger sequencing was performed in some family members to verify the mutation. Through literature review, the characteristics of the disease were summarized.Results:The proband was a 23-year-old young female with progressive cognitive impairment, epilepsy as the main manifestations. Brain MRI indicated moderate atrophy of bilateral cerebral cortex. Genetic sequencing revealed a heterozygous missense mutation (c.1013A>G; p.H338R) of SERPINI1 gene encoding the neuroserine protease inhibitor protein. The proband′s mother and brother had similar clinical symptoms in adolescence. Both of them passed away several years later. This mutation was a proven pathogenic mutation for FENIB. The clinical phenotype was consistent within the family. Genotype and clinical phenotype were co-segregated.Conclusion:FENIB due to SERPINI1 gene mutations should be considered in young cases of cognitive decline, epilepsy and myoclonus.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888481

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effects of parent-child painting and creative crafting therapy on the core symptoms of preschool children with mild-to-moderate autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the parenting stress and hope level of their mothers.@*METHODS@#A total of 56 preschool children with mild-to-moderate ASD and their mothers were divided into an experimental group and a control group using the block randomization method, with 28 pairs in each group. The subjects in the control group received an applied behavior analytic intervention and those in the experimental group received parent-child painting and creative crafting therapy in addition to the intervention in the control group. The intervention time was 20 weeks for both groups. Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF), and Herth Hope Index (HHI) were used to evaluate the core symptoms of children and the parenting stress and hope level of their mothers before and after 20 weeks of intervention.@*RESULTS@#Forty-nine child-mother pairs completed the study (25 pairs in the intervention group and 24 pairs in the control group). The children in the experimental group had significantly lower scores of social interaction, language, social communication, and social motivation and total scores of ABC and SRS compared with those in the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of applied behavior analytic intervention with parent-child painting and creative crafting therapy can more effectively improve the core symptoms and social interaction of preschool children with mild-to-moderate ASD, reduce the parenting stress of mothers and improve their hope level.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder/therapy , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Mothers , Parent-Child Relations , Parenting , Prospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827976

ABSTRACT

As the final destination of various cardiovascular abnormalities, heart failure is one of the diseases with the highest morbidity and mortality in the world. Due to its complicated pathogenesis, people urgently need to find new targets and effective treatment. Imbalance in myocardial energy metabolism, an important molecular biological basis for heart failure, affects the contractile and diastolic functions of the heart. As the main source of energy synthesis in cardiomyocytes and an important participant in various signaling pathways, mitochondria plays an indispensable role in the process of cell survival and death and has been considered as a critical target for the treatment of heart failure. Traditional Chinese medicine has a great effect on the treatment of heart failure through multi-components, multi-targets, and multi-channels. In recent years, more and more researches regard mitochondria as the target of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of heart failure, and have achieved significant results in improving mitochondrial function, increasing energy metabolism and energy supplement for cardiomyocytes, and resisting against oxidative stress. In this article, researches on the regulation of mitochondria in the treatment of heart failure by traditional Chinese medicine are reviewed from four aspects: mitochondrial biogenesis; mitochondrial electron transport chain and reactive oxygen species(ROS) production; metabolic substrates and metabolic enzymes; and calcium ion transport in the mitochondria. It provides a basis for further research and clinical application in the future.


Subject(s)
Heart Failure , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mitochondria , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 854-860, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821689

ABSTRACT

Phytoestrogens exhibit various pharmacological estrogen-like effects, such as in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, tumors, etc., but the specific mechanism is still unclear. In recent years, estrogen receptor alpha-mediated rapid non-genomic effects have been identified to play an important role in the pathogenesis of estrogen-related diseases. The research of phytoestrogens exerting pharmacological effects through non-genomic effects has also received increasing attention. This article summarizes the research progress in estrogen receptor alpha-mediated non-genomic effects and analyzes the possible involvement of rapid non-genomic effects in certain pharmacological effects of phytoestrogens. The future prospects of estrogen receptor-mediated non-genomic effects by phytoestrogens are also discussed.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743600

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of target systolic blood pressure on cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes after antihypertensive drugs. Methods This study was a retrospective cohort study. Randomly selected from March 2014 to March 2017, 1563 patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes diagnosed in the Department of Cardiology of the Tiemei Group General Hospital. There was no cardiovascular complications at admission. After admission, the population variables of each patient were recorded. Each patient was adjusted for blood pressure and blood glucose according to the doctor's advice after admission. After the hospital was discharged, the patient was followed up for blood pressure every week. The follow-up was 3-4 months. The average systolic blood pressure of each patient was recorded as the target systolic pressure. The patients who were followed up were divided into three groups according to the target systolic pressure value, namely ≤120 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) group,>120-130 mmHg group,>130-140 mmHg group. After that, it was changed to a weekly telephone follow-up of the nurses for a total of 3 years. The cardiovascular disease (CVD) occurred in these patients within 3 years were recorded. The CVD was used as the dependent variable, and the systolic blood pressure of each group was used as the independent variable to do COX. Proportional risk regression analysis, the hazard ratio (HR) of each group of concurrent CVD. Taking CVD as the dependent variable, HR of CVD with >130-140 mmHg group was taken as the reference value, and all population variables were used as independent variables, respectively, ≤120 mmHg group,>120-130 mmHg group and>130-140 mmHg group combined with CVD risk ratio. Results During the 3-year follow-up period, 1401 patients with blood pressure met: 104 patients with systolic blood pressure ≤120 mmHg, 543 patients with >120-130 mmHg, and 754 patients with >130-140 mmHg. The incidence of CVD in the three groups was 14.4%(15/104), 8.8%(48/543), 7.0%(53/754). HR of CVD were 1.66, 0.96, 0.53 in≤120 mmHg group,>120- 130 mmHg group,>130-140 mmHg group .Compared with >130-140 mmHg group, the risk ratio of CVD in all subgroups of≤120 mmHg group was statistically increased (HR>1, P<0.05). Compared with >130-140 mmHg, >120-130 mmHg group with 65-79 years old, combined with more than 3 groups of antihypertensive drugs, patients with diuretics showed a statistically significant increase in the risk ratio of CVD (HR>1, P <0.05). Conclusions The target systolic blood pressure of patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes should be >130-140 mmHg. For patients aged 65-79 years, more than 3 groups of antihypertensive drugs are used. Patients with diuretics should have a target systolic blood pressure of >130-140 mmHg.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1888-1894, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780271

ABSTRACT

Cardiotoxicity is one of the main causes of failure in new drug development or drug withdrawal from the market. However, current methods for evaluation of drug cardiotoxicity suffer the shortcomings such as low clinical relevance, low reproducibility and lack of high throughput screening capacity. Therefore, there is an urgent need for establishing more accurate and reliable methods for cardiotoxicity evaluation of drugs. As a new generation of drug cardiotoxicity evaluation, cardiac organs in culture retain the biological characteristics and functions of heart cells in the body, and can realistically and accurately respond to the effects of drugs. This article reviews recent progress of in vitro culture of cardiac organs and 3D-cell models, with focuses on application and development potential of cardiac organs for evaluation of cardiotoxicity of traditional Chinese medicine. The advantage and future prospective of such cell- and organ-based models for unique challenges in evaluation of cardiotoxicity of traditional Chinese medicine have been discussed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668394

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the difference of expression of autophagy-related gene (Beclin1,LC3,mTOR) in the development of esophageal squamous cell cancer.Methods Immunohistochemical EnVision method was adopted to detect the expression of autophagy-related gene Beclinl,LC3 and mTOR in 30 cases of normal esophageal mucosa,32 cases of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (LGIN),34 cases of highgrade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN),35 cases of early carcinoma and 126 cases of advanced esophageal carcinoma,respectively.The correlation between their expression with clinicopathologic factors was also analysed.Results The expression of Beclin1 in advanced esophageal carcinoma was obviously higher than that in another four groups (P < 0.005).LC3 expression in advanced esophageal carcinoma was significantly higher than that in normal esophageal mucosa,LGIN and early carcinoma (P < 0.005).The expression of mTOR in advanced esophageal carcinoma was significantly higher than that in normal esophageal mucosa,LGIN and HGIN (P < 0.005).In advanced esophageal carcinoma group,the expression of Beclin1,LC3 and mTOR was related to tumor TNM stage and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05).Beclin1 expression was positively associated with LC3 and mTOR expression in advanced squamous cell carcinoma (P < 0.05).Positive correlation was also observed between the expression of mTOR and LC3 in advanced esophageal carcinoma and HGIN (P < 0.05).Conclusion In the carcinogenesis and development of esophageal cancer,Beclin1,as a tumor suppressor gene,activates autophagy and leads to excessive self consumption and death of tumor cells.mTOR promotes tumor growth by inhibiting autophagy and promoting angiogenesis.The combined detection of Beclinl,LC3 and mTOR may be beneficial to evaluate the progression and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell cancer.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1264-1267, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665366

ABSTRACT

Objective Human papillomavirus (HPV) is presumed to be the cause of the development of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.However,the current research results are not very sure.The article was designed to study the distribution of HPV infection in the tissues of laryngopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and laryngeal papilloma and its significance.Methods We collected samples of tissues from 67 patients who were treated in our hospital,including 41 cases of laryngeal papilloma,26 cases with laryngeal carcinoma,hypopharyngeal carcinoma,and oropharyngeal carcinoma.In the same period,20 cases of benign vocal cord polyps were treated as control group.PCR was applied in HPV typing test of fresh tumor tissues from operations,followed by the analysis on HPV infection type and distribution.Results In research group,44/67 cases was HPV-positive (65.7%),among which the HPV types of the laryngeal papilloma were HPVll (36/41) and HPV6 (4/41),and HPVI6 (6/26) in laryngeal carcinoma,hypopharyngeal carcinoma,and oropharyngeal carcinoma.While in control group,vocal cord polyps were HPV-negative without any multitype infection.Conclusion HPV16 may be a risk factor for the occurrence of laryngeal cancer and oropharyngeal cancer (non-alcoholic-induced or non-tobacco-induced cancer).HPV has high prevalence in Chinese laryngeal papilloma people,but HPV has low prevalence in Chinese laryngeal or hypopharyngeal carcinoma people.HPV testing of head and neck cancer is worth promoting.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513267

ABSTRACT

Purpose To detect the expression of Raptor,Rictor,angiogenesis-related factors HIF-lα,HIF-2α and VEGF and to investigate their relationship and significance in eolorectal cancer (CRC).Methods Immunohistochemistry,Western blot and RT-PCR were employed to detect the expression of Raptor,Rictor,HIF-lα,HIF-2α and VEGF in 120 cases of CRC and 60 cases of normal colorectal mucosa.CD34 labeled microvascular density (MVD) was also observed.The correlations between Raptor,Rictor,HIF-1α,HIF-2c,VEGF expression and the patients' clinicopathological features were analyzed.Results The positive rates of Raptor,Rictor,HIF-1c,HIF-2α and VEGF in CRC were significantly higher than those in normal colorectal mucosa (P < 0.05).Raptor and Rictor expression was correlated with the degree of tumor diffcrentiation and lymph node metastasis,respectively.The expression of HIF-1α,HIF2α and VEGF was higher in patients with lymph node metastasis than those in patients without lymph node metastasis (P <0.05).The MVD was higher in patients with Raptor or Rictor positive than that in patients with Raptor or Rictor negative (P <0.05).The expression of Raptor was positively correlated with HIF-1α and VEGF (P < 0.01),the expression of Rictor was positively correlated with HIF-2o and VEGF (P < 0.01),but the expression of Raptor was negatively correlated with Rictor (P<0.01).Conclusion The expression of mTOR core molecules Raptor and Rictor is related to the initiation and development of colorectal cancer and angiogenesis,and they promote angiogenesis in colorectal cancer by different ways.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490162

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the short-term treatment effectiveness of the auditory integrative training(AIT) on intelligence, language and gross motor function in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP).Methods Sixty patients with spastic CP, aged 2 to 4 years old,who had been given all the routine conventional rehabilitation at the Rehabilitation Department of the People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from January 2011 to December 2013 were randomly divided into AIT treatment group (30 cases) and control group without AIT (30 cases), all patients were investigated by using Gesell Developmental Scales and the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM)-66 before and after 3-month therapy, and the changes in the regional cerebral blood flow of children (rCBF) were detected by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) before and after treatment.Results The scores of development quotient (DQ) of the treatment group after the AIT in areas of adaptive behavior, personal-social behavior,language(52.44 ± 13.43,52.07 ± 11.57,57.19 ± 6.18) were higher than those of the control group (45.09 ± 11.02,45.86 ± 9.66,53.44 ± 5.49), and the differences between the 2 groups were greatly significant statistically(t =-2.32,-2.26,-2.49, all P < 0.05).There were no significant difference in DQ of gross motor, fine motor and scores on the GMFM-66 in the treatment group before and after treatment [40.40 ± 8.57,49.50 ± 14.20, (55.81 ±8.72) scores vs 44.03 ±11.90,46.34±9.78,(58.81 ±7.86) scores,t=-1.42,1.08,-0.52,all P> 0.05].SPECT detected abnormalities in all patients (100.00%) both in the 2 groups, compared with the control group,the rCBF was improved significantly after treatment in the treatment group (86.67%) (x2 =35.49 ,P < 0.05).Conclusions The treatment of AIT can greatly improve the intelligence, language development and the brain function in children with spastic CP.It is an effective adjutant of rehabilitation method for children with spastic CP to improve intelligence and language development, and has less influence on motor function.

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3316-3318, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477148

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the targeted-regulating relationship between human MicroRNA335 (hsa-miR-335 )and CCL1 1,CCL26 and SOX4.Methods The potential fragments of hsa-miR-335 target genes CCL1 1,CCL26 and SOX4 were predicted by the bioinformatics analyzing tools online.The 3′untranslated regions(3′UTR)of the CCL1 1,CCL26 and SOX4 were connected to the eukaryotic expression vectors pMIR REPORT.The constructs of pMIR-REPORT-CCL1 13′UTR,pMIR-REPORT-CCL26 3′UTR,pMIR-REPORT-SOX4 3′UTR and positive control were co-transfected with Pre-miRTM miRNA335 Precursor or negative control into 293 T7/1 7 cell line by lipofectamine 2000,respectively.Both Firefly and Renilla luciferase activity were detected by dual luciferase reporter assay system.Results Compared with the negative control group,luciferase assay revealed that has-miR-335 could significantly diminish luciferase activity from SOX4 reporter vector (P 0.05).Conclusion The results suggested that hsa-miR-335 targeted regu-lated SOX4,but not targeted CCL1 1 and CCL26.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457959

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression of Beclin1, LC3 and mTOR in colorectal cancer ( CRC) and their significance. Methods Immunohistochemistry, Western blot and real-time PCR were employed to detect the expression of Beclin1, LC3 and mTOR in CRC. Results The positive expression rate of Beclin1, LC3 and mTOR in 242 cases of CRC was 90. 50%, 87. 19% and 46. 28%, respectively, which were higher than that in adjacent tissues ( P0. 05). The expres-sion of LC3 was positively correlated with Beclin1 and negatively correlated with mTOR in colorectal cancer (rs =0. 593, P0. 05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis re-vealed that the five-year survival rate of patients without nodal metastasis, positive expression of Beclin1, LC3 and negative expression of mTOR was higher than those with nodal metastasis, negative expression of Beclin1 and LC3, and positive expression of mTOR. Cox survival analysis results revealed that LC3, mTOR and lymphnode metastasis were independent prognostic factors. The results of IHC, real-time PCR and Western blot in fresh CRC tissues indicated that the expression of Beclin1, LC3 and mTOR in colorectal cancer was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues (P<0. 05). Conclusions The aberrant expression of Beclin1, LC3 and mTOR may be associated with the development and progression of colorectal cancer. The simultaneous detection of Beclin1, LC3 and mTOR genes in colorectal cancer may be helpful for the evaluation of the progressive degree and the judgment of prognosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236370

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the therapeutic effect of IL-6 mAb on experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) in rats, and search the mechanism of the role of IL-6, helper T cells 17 (Th17) and regulative T cells (Treg) in EAM pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-four Lewis rats were divided into three groups randomly, i.e. control group (n = 6), EAM group (n = 12), and IL-6 mAb intervention group (n = 16). Rats in EAM group and IL-6 mAb intervention group were injected intracutaneously with myosin to establish EAM model. Rats in IL-6 mAb intervention group were injected intraperitoneally with 1 mg IL-6 mAb on 1st, 7th to 20th day after cardiac myosin immune injection. Myocardial inflammation was examined by HE stain, Masson stain, and TdT assay (TUNEL reaction) on 21st and 84th day after IL-6 mAb therapy in order to assess the therapeutic role. Spleen cells were analyzed by flow cytometry to illustrate Th17 and Treg cells? number and function. The serum concentration of IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, and TGF-beta in each group was measured by ELISA, concentration of STAT3, RORgammat, and Foxp3 mRNA in each group was determined with RT-PCR. Spleen cells derived from EAM were stimulated by IL-6 mAb in vitro, and the concentration of IL-10, IL-17 and TGF-beta was measured by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Inflammation score, fibrosis score, and apoptosis index in IL-6 mAb intervention group were significantly decreased as compared with those in EAM group (P < 0.01). The number of Th17 and Treg cells in EAM group on the 21st day (experimental acute peak stage) were increased, and those in intervention group on the 21st day were significantly inhibited (P < 0.01). The concentration of serum IL-6, IL-10, IL-17 and TGF-beta in intervention group on the 21st day was decreased dramatically in comparison with that in EAM group on the same day (P < 0.01). The levels of peripheral blood STAT3, RORgammat, Foxp3 mRNA in intervention group on the 21st day was decreased significantly as compared with that in EAM group (P < 0.01). The expression of IL-10, IL-17 and TGF-beta was increased significantly (P < 0.01) by stimulation of IL-6 mAb on spleen cells derived from EAM in vitro.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>IL-6 mAb could neutralize IL-6, and ameliorate myocarditis and reduce heart autoimmune responses. IL-6 mAb has significantly protective effects on EAM by suppressing Th17 and Treg cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Therapeutic Uses , Autoimmune Diseases , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Disease Models, Animal , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Interleukin-17 , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Myocarditis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3 , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Inbred Lew , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Th17 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the significance of urine screening for school-age children by analyzing urine screening results of school-age children from Zhucheng City, Shandong Province, China, in 2013.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 37 344 school-age children were randomly selected from children 6 to 12 years of age in Zhucheng City. Morning urine was tested by routine screening test, and the children who tested positive were re-tested after two weeks.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 2 388 children (6.39%) tested positive in the first screening, and 388 children (1.04%) tested positive again in the second screening. The positive rates in the first and second screening tests were 9.52% and 2.01%, respectively, in girls, which were significantly higher than those in boys (3.79% and 0.23%, respectively; P<0.05). Among the children who had positive test results in the second screening, 302 (0.81%) were diagnosed with urinary system diseases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Urine screening is an effective way for the early detection of some occult kidney diseases, which provides great benefits for early prevention and treatment of kidney diseases in children.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Early Diagnosis , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Diagnosis , Urine , Male , Urinalysis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358663

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the therapeutic effect of N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), an inhibitor of NOS, on experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) in Balb/C mice and discuss the therapeutic mechanism induced by apoptosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty male Balb/C mice were divided into normal control group, model control group and experimental group randomly (n = 10). Model control group and experimental group were created into EAM by injection of porcine cardiac myosin subcutaneously in double groin and axilla and pertussis toxin intraperitoneally on day 0 and 7 respectively. Model control group was intraperitoneally administered 5 mg/(kg x day) of physiological saline after infective myosin and pertussis toxin. Experimental group was intraperitoneally given 5 mg/(kg x day) of L-NAME on day 1-21. The hearts and blood were processed after sacrificed on day 21. Cardiac inflammation score was measured by HE staining. Heart weight / body weight (HW/BW), serum nitric oxide (NO) level, activity of induced nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and mRNA expression of iNOS in heart were measured in each group. Degree of heart apoptosis were evaluated by cardiac apoptotic index through TUNEL, immunohistochemical examination and real time PCR of Caspase-3, Caspase-8 and Caspase-9.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with normal control group, cardiac inflammation score, HW/BW level of NO and activity of iNOS, mRNA expression of iNOS, the levels of mRNA and protein of Caspase-3, Caspase-8 and Caspase-9 and cardiac apoptotic index were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in model control group, and those of model control group were higher than those of experimental group (P < 0.01). HW/BW was only a little elevation in model control group compared with that in the experiment group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The development of EAM is related with the NO catalyzed by iNOS. L-NAME protects cardiac myocyte via suppressing the activity of iNOS and further decreased production of NO in EAM. The mechanism might be that L-NAME alleviated myocardial inflammation through inhibited the apoptosis of cardiac myocyte.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Metabolism , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Myocarditis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Therapeutic Uses , Nitric Oxide , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259954

ABSTRACT

The field medical station in military hospital plays an important role in the military logistic system. To better accomplish the duty of medical support mission, the problems of medical equipment and material store house management in the field medical station are discussed. Some targeted suggestions are introduced from daily management and the use of equipment respectively. It can be used as reference for other military hospitals to accomplish different medical support tasks.


Subject(s)
Hospitals, Military , Military Medicine
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422629

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of angiotensin Ⅱ ( Ang Ⅱ ),angiotensin- (1-7) [ Ang- ( 1-7 ) ],and co-action of Ang Ⅱ and Ang-( 1-7 ) on β cell insulin signaling pathway.Methods Mouse pancreatic β cell line NIT-1 was incubated with( 1 )0,10-7,10-6,10-s,10-4 mol/L concentrations of Ang Ⅱ for 24 h ; ( 2 )0,10-7,10-6,10 -5,10-4 mol/L concentrations of Ang- ( 1-7 ) for 24 h; ( 3 ) co-administration of Ang Ⅱ and Ang- ( 1-7 ) was divided into control,10-5mol/L Ang Ⅱ,10-6mol/L Ang-( 1-7 ),10-5mol/L Ang Ⅱ + 10-6mol/L Ang-( 1-7 ) group.Tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor β subunit(IR-β-Tyr) and serine phophorylation of protein kinase B(Akt-Ser) were detected by Western blot.ResultsInsulin-stimulated IR-β-Tyr and Akt-Ser phosphorylation was significantly decreased in Ang Ⅱ 10-5 and 10-4 mol/L group; no significant changes in insulin-stimulated IR-β-Tyr and Akt-Ser phosphorylation were detected between Ang-( 1-7 ) treatment groups and control; Ang-( 1-7 ) blocked the inhibitory effect of Ang Ⅱ on Akt-Ser phosphorylation,yet exerted no effect on Ang Ⅱ-induced IR-β-Tyr phosphorylation inhibition.Conclusion Ang Ⅱ significantly inhibits insulin signaling pathway in β cell; Ang-( 1-7 ) reverts the inhibitory effect of Ang Ⅱ on insulin-stimulated Akt-Ser phosphorylation in β cell.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332521

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHC) in a rat model of renal injury induced by hemorrhagic shock and lipopolysaccharides (LPS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-five healthy Wistar rats were randomized into sham operated group, model group, and 3 penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHC) dose (1, 2 and 3 mg/kg) groups (PHC1, PHC2, and PHC3 groups, respectively). The arterial blood samples were collected to determine the concentrations of serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-1 (IL-1), urine creatinine (Cr) and blood urine nitrogen (BUN), and the renal tissues were collected to measure the expressions of ICAM-1 and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and observe the pathological changes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TNF-α, IL-8, IL-1, Cr, BUN, ICAM-1 and NF-κB in the 3 PHC groups were significantly lower than those in the model group (P<0.05). TNF-α, IL-8, IL-1, Cr and BUN were significantly lower in PHC1 (P<0.05) than in the PHC2 and PHC3 groups, and ICAM-1 and NF-κB were similar between 3 PHC groups (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, the 3 PHC groups showed lessened pathological changes in the renal tubules.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PHC has protective effects against renal injury induced by hemorrhagic-endotoxin shock in rats, and treatment with 1 mg/kg PHC produces the most significant protective effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Drug Therapy , Animals , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism , Interleukin-1 , Blood , Interleukin-8 , Blood , Kidney , Metabolism , Kidney Tubules , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Male , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Quinuclidines , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Blood , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
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