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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 59-64, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006511

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the clinical effect of 3D computed tomography bronchial bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) and guidance of thoracoscopic anatomic pulmonary segmentectomy by Mimics software system. Methods    A retrospective analysis was performed on patients who underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Affiliated People's Hospital of Jiangsu University from June 2020 to December 2022. The patients who underwent preoperative 3D-CTBA using Materiaise's interactive medical image control system (Mimics) were selected as an observation group, and the patients who did not receive 3D-CTBA were selected as a control group. The relevant clinical indicators were compared between the two groups. Results    A total of 59 patients were included, including 29 males and 30 females, aged 25-79 years. There were 37 patients in the observation group, and 22 patients in the control group. The operation time (163.0±48.7 min vs. 188.8±43.0 min, P=0.044), intraoperative blood loss [10.0 (10.0, 20.0) mL vs. 20.0 (20.0, 35.0) mL, P<0.001], and preoperative puncture localization rate (5.4% vs. 31.8%, P=0.019) in the observation group were better than those in the control group. There was no statistically significant difference in the thoracic tube placement time, thoracic fluid drainage volume, number of intraoperative closure nail bin, postoperative hospital stay, or postoperative air leakage incidence (P>0.05) between the two groups. Conclusion    For patients who need to undergo anatomical pulmonary segmentectomy, using Mimics software to produce 3D-CTBA before surgery can help accurately identify pulmonary arteriovenous anatomy, reduce surgical time and intraoperative blood loss, help to determine the location of nodules and reduce invasive localization before surgery, and alleviate patients' pain, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 134-142, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006278

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the genetic diversity and genetic relationship of Pinellia ternata germplasm resources and provide the basis for germplasm identification, variety breeding, and resource conservation. MethodIn this study, 27 P. ternata were used as experimental materials to determine seven phenotypic characters, such as plant height, leaf length, and leaf width. Simple sequence repeats (SSR) primers were designed based on P. ternata transcriptome data, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification was performed on 27 P. ternata samples. The genetic diversity of P. ternata germplasm was analyzed by POPGENE32, PowerMarker V3.25, and NTSYS-PC 2.10e software. ResultA total of 10 pairs of highly polymorphic primers (PIC>0.5) and four pairs of moderately polymorphic primers (0.25<PIC<0.5) were selected. The average number of alleles detected was 3.928 6, and the average Nei's diversity index (H) and Shannon's index (I) were 0.557 8 and 1.002 9, respectively, indicating a high level of genetic diversity. Cluster analysis divided the Pinellia ternata into seven categories, and P. ternata in the same province were in the same categories. The SSR molecular ID cards of 27 P. ternata germplasm were constructed with 14 pairs of primers, and the rapid identification of P. ternata in each region was realized. ConclusionThe results of this study can lay a foundation for the genetic diversity and population structure of P. ternata and provide a scientific basis for the identification of P. ternata germplasm resources, map construction, and molecular-assisted breeding.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 272-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992708

ABSTRACT

Surgical intervention is the first choice treatment for intertrochanteric fractures that are common in clinical practice. Cephalomedullary nailing with two parts inserted respectively into the femoral medullary cavity and femoral head has been the mainstream protocols for the elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture, but insertion of the cephalomedullary nail may likely lead to the outward displacement of the femoral shaft and the inversion and rotation of the head and neck bone mass, namely the so-called wedge effect. However, few reports have dealt with how to prevent the wedge effect and reduce the complications it may cause such as coxa vara deformity. The present review expounds and analyzes the concept, biomechanical mechanism, influencing factors, measurements, and prevention methods of the wedge effect, hoping to help the surgeons who try to avoid the wedge effect in surgical treatment.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 304-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992509

ABSTRACT

Objective:Compare the clinical efficacy and safety of bendamustine combined with rituximab (BR regimen) and rituximab combined with standard CHOP regimen (R-CHOP regimen) in the treatment of newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma (FL).Methods:Adopting a prospective case-control study method. 104 newly diagnosed FL patients admitted to Beijing Aerospace General Hospital from January 2018 to January 2022 were selected and randomly divided into an observation group and a control group using a random number table method, with 52 patients in each group. The observation group was treated with bendamustine combined with rituximab, while the control group was treated with rituximab combined with standard CHOP regimen. Both groups were treated for 6 consecutive courses of treatment, with a 21 day treatment period. Compare the serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels before and after treatment between two groups β 2-Microglobulin (β 2-microglobulin, β 2-MG level, improvement in quality of life after treatment, long-term survival, clinical efficacy, and incidence of adverse reactions. Measurement data is represented by paired t-tests for intra group comparisons, and independent sample t-tests for inter group comparisons; Counting data is represented as an example (%), and inter group comparisons are made using χ 2-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for comparing rank data. Survival analysis was conducted using the Log Rank test. Results:After treatment, serum LDH and The levels of β 2-MG were lower than before treatment [LDH: (262.34±37.24) U/L ratio (323.45±44.46) U/L, (287.23±43.19) U/L ratio (318.28±52.35) U/L; β 2-MG: (2.72±0.30) mg/L compared to (3.45±0.37) mg/L, (2.93±0.28) mg/L compared to (3.37±0.42) mg/L, t-values of 7.60, 3.30, 11.05, 6.29, P values of <0.001, 0.001, <0.001, <0.001, <0.001], and the observation group was lower than the control group ( t-values of 3.15, 3.69, P values of 0.002, <0.001, respectively). After 6 courses of treatment, the quality of life in the observation group improved in 27 cases, stabilized in 22 cases, and decreased in 3 cases; The quality of life in the control group improved in 18 cases, stabilized in 26 cases, and decreased in 8 cases. The improvement of quality of life in the observation group was better than that in the control group ( Z=-2.03, P=0.042). The progression free survival period in the observation group was longer than that in the control group [52.53 months (95% confidence interval: 49.16-55.89 months) compared to 38.84 months (95% confidence interval: 32.44-45.24 months)], and the difference was statistically significant (Log Rank χ 2=4.06, P=0.044), there was no statistically significant difference in overall survival between the two groups ( P=0.217). The complete remission rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group [88.46%(46/52) vs 71.15%(37/52)], χ 2=4.83, P=0.028], there was no statistically significant difference in objective response rates between the two groups ( P=0.485). The incidence of nausea, vomiting, leukopenia, neutropenia, alopecia, and fatigue in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Both the BR regimen and R-CHOP regimen can significantly reduce serum tumor marker levels in the treatment of newly diagnosed FL. However, the BR regimen has a higher complete response rate, better patient quality of life, longer PFS, fewer toxic side effects, and more significant overall efficacy.

5.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 549-556, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005821

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effects of neuropathic pain induced by selective nerve injury (SNI) on intestinal microflora diversity in C57 mice. 【Methods】 36 C57 mice were randomly divided into SNI model group (n=18), sham-operation group (n=8), and control group (n=10). At day 0,1, 3, 7, and 14 after modeling, mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain sensitivity tests were carried out. At day 14 after modeling, colon content (fresh feces) from all the mice were collected for intestinal microflora diversity analysis. 【Results】 One day after modeling, the mechanical pain threshold in SNI group decreased significantly (more than 70%) due to nerve injury, and the thermal pain threshold decreased by 40%, while sham group and control group had no significant decrease. SNI group showed foot hyperalgesia, and the difference was statistically significant compared with sham group and control group (P<0.001). Compared with control group, sham-operation group had a transient decrease in thermal pain threshold on the first day after modeling (P=0.006), but there was no difference in pain threshold between the two groups on the third day after modeling. The α-diversity analysis showed that the abundance of Observed, Chao1, ACE and Simpson in SNI group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). That is, SNI group had flora disorder due to pain stimulation. Observed, Chao1, ACE, and Simpson were less abundant in sham group than in control group (P<0.05) and the change was between SNI group and control group. 【Conclusion】 Neuropathic pain induced by SNI model resulted in the decrease of mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain threshold, which leads to the reduction of intestinal flora diversity in C57 mice.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 241-247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003847

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the level of occupational health literacy (OHL) and its influencing factors among key populations in China. Methods The front-line workers from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities, and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in China were selected as the research subjects using a combination of stratified cluster random sampling and probability proportional sampling. The Occupational Health Literacy Questionnaire of National Key Populations was used to investigate the OHL level. Results In 2022, a total of 340 506 people from 23 industries were surveyed. Among them, 168 455 and 172 051 people were surveyed in the secondary and tertiary industries, respectively. The OHL level of the research subjects was 52.6%. The OHL levels of workers in the secondary and tertiary industries were 56.5% and 48.9%, respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that gender, age, marital status, educational level, household registration, monthly income, employment nature, years of service and industry category were independent influencing factors for OHL level of the research subjects (all P<0.01). Specifically, females had a higher OHL level than males (P<0.01); the older the age, the higher the education level, the higher the monthly income level, the higher the OHL level (all P<0.01); the level of OHL in unmarried people was higher than that in married people (P<0.01); the OHL level of workers with non-agricultural household registration was higher than that of workers with agricultural household registration (P<0.01); the OHL levels of workers in state-owned enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises and public institutions were higher than those in private enterprises (all P<0.01); the level of OHL in the group with 21.0-43.0 years of service was lower than that in the other years of service groups (all P<0.01); the OHL level of workers in the secondary industry was higher than that in the tertiary industry (P<0.01). Conclusion The workers in the key industries selected by the tertiary industry, the private enterprises in the secondary industry, those with more than 21.0 years of service, and the disadvantaged groups with younger age low income, low education level, and the agricultural household registration are the key groups for the improvement of OHL level in the future. Appropriate intervention methods and strategies should be actively explored to improve the OHL of these key populations.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2882-2889, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999041

ABSTRACT

To identify the bitter compounds of real-world Xiaoer Ganmao Oral Liquid sugar-free intermediates, an integrated strategy has been developed by using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MSn) method and BitterX database prediction. The chromatographic operating conditions were as follows, chromatographic column: Acquity UPLC BEH C18 (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase: 0.1% formic acid-water solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) with gradient elution. The data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, respectively. The accurate molecular mass and structural information of the target compounds were obtained based on quasi-molecular ions and fragmentation ions provided by high-resolution mass spectrometry. The compounds were identified by combining retention time, reference substances, reports, and other relevant data, and a total of 57 constituents including flavonoids, alkaloids, and phenylpropanoids were finally identified. Further, the BitterX database was used to predict binding probability of compounds to bitter receptors and identify potential bitter critical quality attributes, finally 33 potential bitter compounds, including kukoamine A and linarin, were predicted. This study comprehensively characterized the material basis of Xiaoer Ganmao Oral Liquid sugar-free intermediates, it provides an effective method for bitter compound screening and a reference for further improving the undesirable taste of Xiaoer Ganmao Oral Liquid.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2092-2095, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998496

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the clinical effect of different concentration of fluorometholone eye drops on severe mixed vernal keratoconjunctivitis in children.METHODS: A total of 50 cases(100 eyes)of children with severe mixed vernal keratoconjunctivitis treated in the outpatient department of our hospital from March to September, 2022 were selected and randomly divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 25 cases(50 eyes)who were treated with 0.1% fluorometholone eye drops combined with 0.05% cyclosporine eye drops(Ⅱ), while 25 patients(50 eyes)in group B were treated with 0.02% fluorometholone eye drops combined with 0.05% cyclosporine eye drops(Ⅱ). After 1mo of treatment, SPEED questionnaire score, corneal fluorescein staining(FL)score, tear break-up time(TBUT), Schirmer I test(SⅠt), R-scan, non-invasive tear meniscus height(NIKTMH), corneal optical density and other ocular parameters of the two groups were observed, and the occurrence of adverse reactions were recorded.RESULTS: After 1mo of treatment, there were significant differences in SPEED score, FL score and R-scan results between the two groups(all P&#x003C;0.05), and no differences in TBUT, SⅠt and NIKTMH results(all P&#x003E;0.05). However, there were statistical significance in corneal optical density in different corneal depth and diameter ranges(all P&#x003C;0.05). After 1mo of treatment, there was no significant difference in intraocular pressure between the two groups(16.21±2.90mmHg vs. 16.05±2.75mmHg, P&#x003E;0.05), and no obvious adverse reactions occurred during treatment.CONCLUSION: The 0.1% fluorometholone eye drops can effectively treat severe mixed vernal keratoconjunctivitis in children, and its effect is better than 0.02% fluorometholone eye drops.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 189-193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996547

ABSTRACT

Occupational health literacy refers to the awareness and ability of workers to obtain basic knowledge of occupational health, practice healthy working styles and lifestyles, prevent the risk of occupational and work-related diseases, and maintain and promote their own health. In 2022, for the first time, China carried out nationwide monitoring for occupational health literacy of key populations. The National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention was responsible for technical support, formulating the National Technical Plan for Occupational Health Literacy Monitoring and Intervention of Key Populations, and formulating relevant requirements and specifications for monitoring purposes, monitoring scope and objects, sampling methods, monitoring content and methods, organization and implementation of field investigation, and quality control. In addition, the National Occupational Health Literacy Monitoring Questionnaire for Key Groups was provided, and the monitoring and intervention of occupational health literacy for key groups in the second- and third-key industries has been organized nationwide, so as to understand the occupational health literacy of the occupational population in China and provide important support for promotion of high-quality construction of healthy China.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 399-403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum remnant cholesterol(RC)and diabetic kidney disease(DKD)in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods:The elderly patients with T2DM who were hospitalized in the Department of Geriatrics of the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2021 to March 2022 were selected and divided into simple diabetes group(410 cases)and DKD group(433 cases). The general clinical data and laboratory data were collected and the RC level was calculated.Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the correlation between RC level and metabolic indicators.Logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between serum RC level and the risk of DKD.Results:Compared with the simple diabetes group, patients in the DKD group had older age, longer duration of diabetes, higher levels of systolic blood pressure(SBP), fasting C-peptide, triglyceride(TG), uric acid(UA), serum creatinine, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio(UACR)and RC, and lower levels of albumin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C)and estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)( P<0.05 for all). Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that serum RC level was positively correlated with body mass index(BMI)( r=0.069, P=0.046), fasting blood glucose( r=0.099, P=0.004), glycosylated hemoglobin(HbA1c)( r=0.075, P=0.031), fasting C-peptide( r=0.177, P<0.001), TG( r=0.632, P<0.001), total cholesterol(TC)( r=0.306, P<0.001), low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C)( r=0.243, P<0.001), UA( r=0.128, P<0.001), serum creatinine( r=0.086, P=0.013)and UACR( r=0.147, P<0.001), and was negatively correlated with HDL-C( r=-0.271, P<0.001)and eGFR( r=-0.148, P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that high serum RC level was a risk factor for DKD(Q1 as reference; Q2: OR=2.439, 95% CI: 0.836-7.113, P=0.103; Q3: OR=3.999, 95% CI: 1.187-13.478, P=0.025). Conclusions:High serum RC level is closely related to DKD in elderly patients with T2DM, and is a risk factor for DKD.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1019-1029, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973186

ABSTRACT

Primary liver cancer (PLC) has the features of insidious onset and difficulties in early diagnosis, with limited and ineffective therapeutic options. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is a genetically modified T-cell therapy that recognizes tumor-specific antigens and activates T cells to exert a tumor-killing effect. CAR T-cell therapy has made great progress in the treatment of hematological tumors and has achieved a good clinical effect in the field of solid tumors in recent years, and although CAR T-cell therapy has developed from the first to the fifth generation, there are still many challenges in the field of solid tumors. This article comprehensively reviews the mechanisms of CAR T-cell therapy for PLC and related research advances, including the main targets such as GPC3, AFP, MUC1, and NKG2D in CAR T-cell therapy for PLC, CAR T-cell therapy for PLC and oncolytic virus, and combined treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors, as well as the advances in the biological, preclinical, and clinical studies on these targets and treatment modalities and the challenges and solutions for CAR T-cell therapy in the treatment of PLC, so as to provide a reference for the future clinical development of CAR T-cell therapy in liver cancer.

12.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 405-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972378

ABSTRACT

Background Healthcare workers suffer from great internal and external pressure and are prone to burnout. Existing studies have shown that depressive symptoms are important influencing factors of burnout, both of which are closely related to job stress. Objective To analyze overall prevalence of burnout among healthcare workers using a new survey tool developed by our team, and to reveal potential influencing factors related to burnout. Methods A cross-sectional multi-center study was conducted in August–October 2019 and June–September 2020, using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling. A total of 8738 healthcare workers from 22 hospitals in 5 provinces (Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, and Chongqing) of China were selected in this study. A set of survey questionnaires, including the general information questionnaire and the Chinese versions of General Burnout Scale, Core Occupational Stress Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Self-administered Sleep Questionnaire were distributed. Independent samples t-test or one-way ANOVA were employed for inter-group comparison of burnout. Spearman correlation was used to evaluate correlations among burnout, depressive symptoms, and occupational stress. Stepwise linear regression was conducted to identify factors independently associated with burnout. Process plug-in was used to test potential mediating effect of depressive symptoms on occupational stress and burnout. Results Of the 8738 questionnaires distributed, 8456 valid questionnaires were collected, and the recovery rate was 96.77%. Among the 8456 healthcare workers, the prevalence of burnout was 58.0%, that of occupational stress was 31.8%, and that of depressive symptoms was 31.0%. Among those with depressive symptoms and occupational stress, the proportions of burnout were 86.7% and 83.7%, respectively. According to the stepwise linear regression analysis, depressive symptoms, occupational stress, work experience, drinking, and marital status were all independent influencing factors of burnout. Especially, depressive symptoms, social support, and organization and reward had significant influences on burnout (b'=0.455, −0.183, 0.220, P<0.001). Depressive symptoms showed mediating effects on occupational stress (and its subscales) and burnout, and the contribution rates of the mediating effects were 41.00%, 47.02%, 43.44%, 56.62%, and 59.45%, respectively. Conclusion Burnout is a prominent problem among healthcare workers in the 5 provinces, with the prevalence of 58.0%. And nearly 1/3 suffering from depressive symptoms and occupational stress, which has a great impact on burnout.

13.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 396-404, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972377

ABSTRACT

Background Manufacturing industry is the main body of China's national economy, and manufacturing employees provide solid guarantee and support for the vigorous development of China's manufacturing industry. The research on job burnout of manufacturing employees is helpful to prevent or alleviate the health damage and economic loss caused by job burnout. Objective To investigate the status and influencing factors of job burnout among manufacturing employees in China, and evaluate the potential mediating effect of job burnout between job stress and depressive symptoms. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed from August to October 2019 and from June to September 2020 in seven provinces of China. Study participants were recruited from 21 manufacturing companies covering 11 manufacturing subdivisions using multistage stratified cluster sampling. General Burnout Scale, Core Occupational Stress Scale, and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 were used to evaluate job burnout, job stress, and depressive symptoms. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to compare data between two independent samples and multiple independent samples of measurement data; Pearson χ2 test was used to compare the rate of enumeration data; Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to evaluate correlation between selected variables; binary logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis; stepwise regression and bias-corrected Bootstrap method were used to test potential mediating effect. Results A total of 10973 valid questionnaires were collected. The M (P25, P75) scores of exhaustions, cynicism, professional efficacy, job burnout, job stress, and depressive symptoms were 1.6 (0.4, 3.0), 1.0 (0.2, 2.2), 4.8 (3.2, 5.7), 1.6 (0.8, 2.5), 45.0 (40.0, 50.0), and 7.0 (4.0, 11.0), respectively. The positive rates of job burnout, job stress, and depressive symptoms were 53.4% (5865/10973), 28.4% (3116/10973), and 29.4% (3231/10973), respectively. The influencing factors of job burnout were gender (versus male; OR for female=0.852), age (versus≤25 years old; ORs for 26-30, 31-40, 41-50, 51-60 years old=0.824, 0.819, 0.738, 0.677), education level (versus junior high school or below; ORs for senior high school/technical secondary school, junior college/vocational college, graduate school or above=1.119, 1.345, 1.331), income per month (versus<3000 yuan; ORs for 3000-4999, 5000-6999, 7000-8999, 9000-10999, ≥11000 yuan=0.513, 0.470, 0.430, 0.375, 0.411), position (versus assembly line; OR for non-assembly line=0.814), average weekly working hours (versus ≤40 h; ORs for 61-70, >70 h=1.199, 1.519), and drinking (versus non-drinking; OR for drinking=1.261). Job burnout was positively correlated with job stress and depressive symptoms (r=0.556, 0.508, P<0.001). Job burnout played a partial mediating role between job stress and depressive symptoms, and its contribution value accounted for 63.2% of the total effect. Conclusion Manufacturing industry employees' job burnout problem is prominent in China, and there are many factors affecting job burnout. Job burnout may play a partial mediating role between job stress and depressive symptoms in the target group.

14.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972376

ABSTRACT

Background With the rise and deepening of positive psychology research, theoretical research on job burnout is also deepening worldwide, and some new theoretical models are proposed, such as the burnout-engagement continuum, but there is still a lack of empirical research and application in China. Objective To analyze the current situation and influencing factors of five profiles in the burnout-engagement continuum in working populations of China: job engagement, ineffective, overextended, disengaged, and burnout. Methods From August to October 2019 and June to September 2020, a total of 27344 subjects of key occupations in six typical industries, including teachers, firefighters, manufacturing workers, medical staff, flight attendants, and traffic police, were selected from 10 provinces (cities) in the eastern, middle, and western regions of China by multistage stratified cluster sampling method for cross-sectional investigation. Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey and Core Occupational Stress Scale were used to evaluate job burnout and occupational stress respectively. χ2 test was used to compare rates of count data. Binary logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis of the five profiles. Results Among the subjects, 24.4%, 61.9%, 31.9%, 12.7%, and 11.8% were the prevalence rates of job engagement, ineffective, overextended, disengaged, and burnout, respectively. Flight attendants (35.7%), firefighters (29.0%), traffic police (28.5%), and manufacturing workers (26.5%) had high prevalence rates of job engagement profile. Medical stuff (62.9%) and manufacturing workers (61.8%) had high prevalence rates of ineffective profile. Teachers (39.2%), traffic police (37.2%), and medical stuff (35.5%) had high prevalence rates of overextended profile. Traffic police (17.9%), medical staff (14.3%), and teachers (13.4%) had high prevalence rates of disengaged profile. Traffic police (16.9%), medical staff (13.4%), and teachers (13.3%) had high prevalence rates of burnout profile. The results of multivariate analysis showed that gender, age, education level, marital status, weekly working hours, length of service, income per month, shift work, smoking, drinking, industry, and occupational stress entered into the regression equations of job engagement, ineffective, overextended, disengaged, and burnout. The risks of overextended (OR=1.456-2.970), disengaged (OR=1.306-4.092), and burnout (OR=1.302-4.102) among the high rating groups of the four factors of occupational stress were higher than those among the low rating groups. Flight attendants (OR=0.296) and firefighters (OR=0.329) had lower risks of burnout than teachers, and flight attendants (OR=0.392) and firefighters (OR=0.466) had lower risks of disengaged than teachers. Conclusion Among the prevalence rates of the five profiles in the burnout-engagement continuum in the 6 typical occupational populations in China, ineffective profile is the highest, followed by overextended, and burnout is the lowest. Gender, age, education level, marital status, weekly working hours, length of service, income per month, shift work, smoking, drinking, industry, and occupational stress have different effects on the five profiles, but industry and occupational stress have greater impacts on job burnout.

15.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 382-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972375

ABSTRACT

Background As one of the common tools for job burnout assessment, Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), its reliability and validity across different populations in China have not been examined yet. Objective To evaluate the reliability and validity of General Burnout Scale (GBS) by multiple occupational groups through the translation and preliminary test of MBI-GS. Methods Based on the Special Project of Occupational Hazards in Key Populations led by the Institute of Occupational Health and Poison Control, China CDC, key occupational groups in five typical industries were selected by multi-stage stratified cluster sampling, including teachers, firefighters, manufacturing workers, medical staff, and traffic police. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to evaluate the construct validity of GBS by single-factor, two-factor, and three-factor structure models. The model fitness was assessed by ratio of the chi-square statistic to the respective degrees of freedom (χ2/ν), root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), goodness-of-fit index (GFI), comparative fit index (CFI), and parsimony-adjusted non-normed fit index (PNFI). Spearman correlation analysis was used to calculate the criterion validity of GBS with occupational stress, depressive symptoms, and sleep disorders. Cronbach's α coefficient and composite reliability (CR) coefficient were used to evaluate the internal consistency reliability of GBS. Results A total of 3485 subjects were surveyed in this study, 3375 valid questionnaires were recovered with a valid response rate of 96.84%. The results of CFA showed that in the adjusted three-factor structure model of GBS (exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy), the χ2/ν < 4, the RMSEA ranged from 0.032 to 0.069, the GFI > 0.90, the CFI > 0.90, and the PNFI > 0.70, which illustrated a good fitness than that of the single- or the two-factor structure models in different occupational groups. The Spearman correlation analysis results showed that occupational stress, depressive symptoms, and sleep disorders were positively correlated with exhaustion and cynicism dimensions, and negatively correlated with professional efficacy dimension of the GBS, with the \begin{document}$ \left| r \right| $\end{document} ranging from 0.139 to 0.662 (P<0.05) in overall subjects. For traffic police and firefighters, professional efficacy was not correlated with depressive symptoms or sleep disorders (P>0.05). The Cronbach's α coefficients ranged from 0.819 to 0.899, and the CR values ranged from 0.941 to 0.978 in different occupational groups. Conclusion The GBS shows high reliability and validity, as well as good application effects in different occupational groups.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 383-390, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990652

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of esophageal-jejunal OrVil TM anas-tomosis and Overlap anastomosis in laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 112 patients with AEG who were admitted to the First Hospital of Jilin University from July 2017 to August 2022 were collected. There were 87 males and 25 females, aged (64±8)years. All 112 patients underwent laparoscopic total gastrectomy and D 2 lymphadenectomy, in which 61 cases with esophageal-jejunal OrVil TM anastomosis were divided into the OrVil TM group, 51 cases with esophageal-jejunal Overlap anastomosis were divided into the Overlap group. Observa-tion indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative complications; (3) influencing factors for patients undergoing esophageal-jejunal OrVil TM anastomosis. Measurement data with normal distri-bution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was conducted using the non-parameter test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Logistic regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results:(1) Surgical situations. The esophageal invasion length and tumor diameter was 1.0(0.7,2.0)cm and (6.3±2.7)cm in patients of the OrVil TM group, versus 0.2(0.1,0.5)cm and (4.7±2.2)cm, respectively, in patients of the Overlap group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=?6.14, t=3.26, P<0.05). (2) Postoperative complications. Cases with complications ≥Ⅲa grade of Clavien-Dindo classification, cases with respiratory system complications, cases with hydrothorax were 13, 17, 13 in the OrVil TM group, versus 4, 5, 4 in the Overlap group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=3.91, 5.74, 3.91, P<0.05). Cases underwent readmission within postoperative 30 days were 3 and 1 in the OrVil TM group and the Overlap group, respectively, and all patients recovered after symptomatic treatment. There were 2 cases died after operation in the OrVil TM group and none of patients died after operation in the Overlap group. (3) Influencing factors for patients undergoing esophageal-jejunal OrVil TM anastomosis. Results of multivariate analysis showed that esophageal invasion length was an independent factor influencing for patients undergoing esophageal-jejunal OrVil TM anastomosis ( odds ratio=8.25, 95% confidence interval as 3.41?19.96, P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with esophageal-jejunal Overlap anastomosis, choosing the esophageal-jejunal Orvil TM anastomosis during laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy can take benefit to the proximal margin of patients with AEG. However, the ratios of complications ≥ Ⅲa grade of Clavien-Dindo classification, respiratory system complications and hydrothorax associated to OrVil TM anastomosis are relatively increased. Esophageal invasion length is an independent influencing factor for patients undergoing esophageal-jejunal OrVil TM anastomosis.

17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 597-603, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the correlation of magnetic resonance (MR) T2-weighted image (T2WI) signal characteristics of adenomyosis and the efficacy of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation.@*METHODS@#Based on the presence or absence of patchy hyperintense foci on preoperative MR T2WI, the patients with adenomyosis undergoing HIFU treatment were divided into homogeneous signal group and heterogeneous signal group, and the heterogeneous group was further divided into heterogeneous hypointense group and heterogeneous isointense group according to signal intensity of the lesions. The patients in heterogeneous signal group were matched with the patients in the homogeneous group at a 1:1 ratio using the propensity score matching, and similarly, the patients in the heterogeneous hypointense group were matched with those in the heterogeneous isointense group at a 1:1 ratio. The non-perfused volume ratio (NPVR) and relief of dysmenorrhea were used to assess the therapeutic efficacy in the 4 groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 299 patients were enrolled, who had a median preoperative dysmenorrhea score of 7.0 (6.0, 8.0) and a median NPVR of 53.5% (35.4, 70.1)%. After propensity score matching, the NPVR in homogeneous signal group was significantly higher than that in heterogeneous signal group [(60.3 ± 21.8)% vs (44.6±21.6)%, P < 0.05]. At 3, 6 and 12 months after HIFU, dysmenorrhea relief rates were higher in homogeneous signal group than in heterogeneous signal group, and the difference was statistically significant at 12 months (91.1% vs 76.8%, P < 0.05). The NPVR of heterogeneous hypointense group was higher than that of heterogeneous isointense group [(54.0±22.0) % vs (47.3± 22.9) %, P < 0.05]. At 6 months after HIFU, dysmenorrhea relief rate was significantly higher in heterogeneous hypointense group than in heterogeneous isointense group (91.5% vs 80.9%, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The signal characteristics of adenomyosis on T2WI are closely related with the outcome of HIFU ablation, and its efficacy is better for homogeneous than for heterogeneous adenomyosis, and better for heterogeneous hypointense adenomyosis than for heterogeneous isointense adenomyosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adenomyosis/pathology , Dysmenorrhea , Cohort Studies , Propensity Score , High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation/methods , Treatment Outcome
18.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 48-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986777

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the influence of future time insight on academic procrastination and the role of self-control among secondary vocational students, and to provide references for mental health education of them. MethodsA total of 1 419 secondary vocational students from 2 secondary vocational schools in Huangshan City Anhui Province were selected as the research objects in June 2022. The future time insight questionnaire for adolescents, the academic procrastination questionnaire for middle school students and the Self-Control Scale (SCS) were used to assess the future time insight, academic procrastination and self-control ability of secondary vocational students. The mediating effect test of PROCESS was used to analyze the mediating role of self-control between future time insight and academic procrastination. Results①There was a positive correlation between the future time insight questionnaire for adolescents score, the SCS score and the academic procrastination questionnaire of middle school students score (r=0.558, 0.470, P<0.01). ②Both future time insight and self-control could positively predict academic procrastination (β=0.463, 0.218, P<0.01), while future time insight could positively predict self-control (β=0.348, P<0.01). ③Self-control partially mediated the relationship between future time insight and academic procrastination [indirect effect=0.076 (95% CI: 0.052~0.101, P<0.01), and the indirect effect accounted for 16.41% of the total effect]. ConclusionThe future time insight of secondary vocational students can affect academic procrastination directly or indirectly through self-control, which partially mediates the relationship between future time insight and academic procrastination.

19.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 552-554, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986069

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with acute phosphine poisoning, and to follow up and evaluate the prognosis of patients. Methods: In May 2022, 12 patients with phosphine poisoning by respiratory inhalation in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital of Capital Medical University were analyzed. The patients were treated with symptomatic support therapy. Three months later, patients were re-evaluated the symptoms of poisoning, pulmonary function and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain to understand the prognosis of the phosphine poisoning. Results: The main symptoms of 12 patients were respiratory and central nervous system symptoms with hypoxia. The symptoms of poisoning improved after treatment. Follow-up found that the patients had different degrees of residual symptoms. Pulmonary function showed increased airway resistance. Airway challenge test was positive in some patients. MRI of the head of some patients showed small ischemic focus in bilateral frontal lobes. Conclusion: Acute phosphine poisoning may cause persistent damage to the respiratory system and central system, and residual symptoms after 3 months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Phosphines , Lung , Lung Diseases , Aluminum Compounds , Poisoning/diagnosis
20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 255-261, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986024

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the current situation of long working hours exposure of couriers in Zhejiang Province, and to analyze the influence of long working hours exposure levels on their occupational stress and depression symptoms, and provide a basis for promoting the physical and mental health of couriers. Methods: From September to December 2021 , 1159 couriers from Zhejiang Express Transport Companies were selected as respondents by cluster sampling, and their basic information were collected. The occupational stress and depression symptoms of the couriers were assessed using the Core Occupational Stress Scale (COSS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). The effects of long work hours (>48 h per week) on the occupational stress and depression symptoms of the couriers were analyzed. Results: The average age of 1159 courier in Zhejiang Province was (33.24±8.42) years, the average weekly working hours were (63.21±18.77) h, and 75.15% (871/1159) were long-term workers. The detection rates of occupational stress and depression symptoms in courier were 32.44% (376/1159) and 32.53% (377/1159), respectively. There were significant differences in the detection rates of occupational stress and depression symptoms among couriers with different ages, educational background, marital status, monthly average income, length of service, position or post, shift status, drinking status, and average weekly working hours (P <0.05). The adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that, after adjusting for the influence of confounding factors such as age, educational background, marital status, monthly average income, length of service, position or post, shift status and drinking status, compared with the weekly working hours ≤48 h, weekly working hours of 63-77 h, 78-92 h, ≥93 h were the risk factors for occupational stress (OR=1.547, 95%CI: 1.019-2.350; OR=1.886, 95%CI: 1.184-3.006; OR=2.338, 95%CI: 1.188-4.062) and depression symptoms (OR=1.897, 95%CI: 1.258-2.860; OR=2.041, 95%CI: 1.290-3.230; OR=4.978, 95%CI: 2.551-9.715) of couriers (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Long working hours could increase the risk of occupational stress and depression symptoms among couriers. It is necessary to arrange working hours reasonably to reduce the occurrence of occupational stress and depression symptoms of couriers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression/psychology , Occupational Stress/psychology , Mental Health , Risk Factors , Job Satisfaction , Surveys and Questionnaires
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