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1.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 170-172, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691761

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of high-intensity focused ultrasound(HIFU) ablation combined with gestrinone for treating adenomyosis.Methods Sixty patients with adenomyosis were divided into the HIFU group(n=30) and HIFU combined medication group(n =30).The change of dysmenorrheal,menstrual volume,volumes of uterus and lesion in the two group were compared between before and after treatment.Results The menstrual volume and dysmenorrhea scores at 6,12 months after treatment showed a statistical difference between the two groups(P<0.05);the volumes of and adenomyotic lesion and uterus after treatment in the combined medication group were lower than those in the HIFU group,but the difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05).The hemoglobin level after 6-month treatment had statistical difference between the combined medication group and HIFU group(P<0.05).During the follow-up period,there were 5 cases of pregnancy without recurrence cases in the combine medication group,8 cases had slight abnormality in the liver function transaminase and recovered to normal in re-examination at 1 month after drug withdrawal;1 case had pregnancy and 4 cases had recurrence in the HIFU group.Conclusion HIFU ablation combined with gestrinone can effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms in the patients with adenomyosis.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1355-1358, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706000

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence and predictors of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) after surgical clipping between unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) and ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RIAs).Methods A retrospective cohort study was adopted to collect 486 cases of aneurysm patients (102 cases of UIAs patients and 384 RIAs patients) closed by aneurysm surgery who were admitted to the department of neurosurgery of The Fifth People's Hospital of Chengdu from October 2009 to December 2017.The clinical data,preoperative and postoperative imaging data and postoperative follow-up results were collected.The incidence of CSDH after operation in UIAs patients and RIAs patients was compared.The risk factors of CSDH after UIAs and RIAs patients were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression model.Results The incidence of CSDH in UIAs and RIAs patients (10.78% vs 3.13%,x2 =10.487,P =0.001) and the reoperation rate after CSDH (3.92% vs 0.78%;x2 =5.599,P =0.018) were all statistically different,all of which showed that the patients with UIAs were higher than those of the patients with RIAs.Brain atrophy of grade 3-4 (OR =1.978,95% CI:1.939-2.030,P < 0.001),subdural effusion CT value ≥40 (OR =3.394,95% CI:2.908-3.867,P < 0.001) and subdural effusion (OR =2.872,95% CI:2.648-3.019,P <0.001 grade) of Ⅰ B are independent risk factors of CSDH in patients with UIAs after aneurysm clipping (P <0.05).Subdural effusion CT value ≥ 40 (OR =3.442,95% CI:2.918-3.8769,P < 0.001) and grade Ⅰ B subdural effusion (OR =2.329,95% CI:2.011-2.564,P < 0.001) are independent risk factors for CSDH in patients with RIAs after aneurysm clipping (P <0.05).Conclusions The incidence of CSDH after aneurysm clipping in UIAs patients was significantly higher than that of RIAs patients.The risk factors for CSDH in the two groups were not the same.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807141

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and side effects of cyberknife therapy in the treatment of retroperitoneal lymph node metastatic tumor.@*Methods@#Among the 81 patients presenting with postoperative retroperitoneal lymph node metastases, 33 cases suffered from abdominal pain or low back pain, 7 had unilateral hydronephrosis and ureteral dilatation, and 8 developed unilateral or bilateral lower limb swelling. Using stereotactic radiotherapy with a cyberknife, DT was delivered at 33-45 Gy/3-6 F. The improvement of symptoms, objective tumor response rate, and irradiation-induced side effects were observed.@*Results@#At 4 weeks after treatment, pain and swelling of the lower extremities were completely mitigated, and hydronephrosis was fully healed in all patients. Enhanced CT or MRI was performed every 2 to 3 months. After 6-month follow-up, the complete response (CR) rate was calculated as 77%(62/81), 21%(17/81) for the partial response (PR) rate, 3%(2/81) for the stable disease (SD) rate and the effective rate (CR+ PR) was 98%.No case progressed. The main side effect was intestinal injury, including grade 1 in 16%(13/81), grade 2 in 9%(7/81). Multivariate analysis demonstrated the CR rate was not correlated with the type of the primary tumor or the size of the tumor (P>0.05), but was significantly associated with the distance of>0.5 cm between the tumor and intestine and the BED (α/β=10)>70 Gy of the tumor irradiation (P<0.01). The incidence of irradiation-related side effects was correlated with the maximum diameter of tumor>5 cm and the distance of<0.5 cm between the tumor and intestine (P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Cyberknife is an efficacious and safe approach in the treatment of retroperitoneal lymph node metastatic tumors.

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 454-455,458, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-572812

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the reproductive outcome after high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU ) ablation for pa-tients with adenomyosis who have fertility requirements .Methods From October 2010 to June 2013 ,38 patients with adenomyosis who have fertility requirements treated by HIFU in our hospital were analyzed .Results In 38 cases ,the menorrhagia severity score ,the dysmenorrhea pain score and adenomyosis lesions after HIFU ablation were significantly different from the levels before HIFU treatment(P<0 .05) .Successful pregnancy occurred in 15 patients ,full-term birth was seen in 7 patients(three of Cesarean section ,four of vaginal delivery);the remaining patients accept routine prenatal examination .All pregnant patients showed no ab-normality .Conclusion Although large sample size study with long-term follow up is need ,based on our results ,HIFU ablation for patients with adenomyosis might improve the pregnancy rate safely .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598714

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) associated microbubble-enhancing contrast (“SonoVue”) therapeutic ablation of uterine fibroids in patients with pelvic operation history. Methods A total of 100 patients with uterine fibroid from October 2010 to December 2012 in Suining Central Hospital of Sichuan were treated with HIFU associated SonoVue. Among them, 50 patients had pelvic operation history. The no-perfused volume, median fractional ablation, ablation power rate, ablation dose, treatment time and adverse reaction were recorded. Results There was no statistical significance between patients with operation history and without in no-perfused volume and ablation does. The ablation power was lower in patients with operation than without. The treatment time and room time were longer in patients with operation than without. The adverse reactions were higher in patients with operation than without, especially skin pain and lower abdominal pain ( <0.05) . According to short- and long-term follow-up results, no major complications were observed in any patients. Conclusion Pelvic operation history increases the difficulty in treatment of HIFU ablation uterine fibroids. HIFU associated contrast agent SonoVue ablation can be considered a safe and feasible approach to the management of uterine fibroids in patients with pelvic operation history after grasping the indications and contraindications.

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