Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 32
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3526-3539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906830

ABSTRACT

We identified and analyzed the components and chemical constituents of hawthorn leaves of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. (wild) and C. pinnatifida Bge. var major N. E. Br (cultivated) by using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MSE) combined with UNIFI data analysis platform and multivariate statistics. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified, including organic acids, flavonoids, triterpenoic acids, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenoids; among them, terpenoid content was the most abundant. Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to identify the differential components of hawthorn leaves from two sources. The results show that there are differences in the chemical compositions of the two sources, including 24 flavonoids and terpenoids (including monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids and triterpenoid acids). The types of flavonoids (such as rutin, vitexin-2''-O-rhamnoside, isovitexin-2''-O-rhamnoside, hyperoside, quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside) and terpenoids (crataegolic acid, corosolic acid and ursolic acid) in C. pinnatifida were more varied than those found in C. pinnatifida Bge. var major N. E. Br, and their contents were relatively higher. This study provides a comprehensively analysis of the different chemical components of hawthorn leaves from two sources listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and provides a basis for the selection of raw materials and the potential development and utilization of hawthorn leaves.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 107-114, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881981

ABSTRACT

Complex noise with impulse or impact property is common in workplace, and its damage on the auditory system is greater than that of steady-state noise. At present, the noise exposure measurement and evaluation indicators widely used in the world mainly include the equivalent continuous sound level and the cumulative noise exposure, both are based on the equal energy hypothesis(EEH). EEH only considered the damage of noise energy on the auditory system, but ignored the effect of temporal characteristics of noise, and underestimated the degree of hearing loss associated with complex noise. This paper first introduced the limitations of current noise exposure assessment standards at home and abroad, then introduced the definition of temporal kurtosis and the calculation method of its related energy indexes(such as cumulative noise exposure and equivalent continuous A-weighted sound pressure level), and further summarized the effectiveness of temporal kurtosis as an auxiliary parameter of noise energy in assessing the risk of hearing loss caused by complex noise, providing a rationale to supplement the existing noise assessment standards.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1187-1194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of chidamide combined with anti-myeloma drugs on the proliferation and apoptosis of myeloma cells.@*METHODS@#The proliferation inhibition of the cells was detected by CCK-8 method, and flow cytometry was used to detected the apoptosis of the cells.@*RESULTS@#Chidamide could inhibit the proliferation of myeloma cells and promote the apoptosis of primary myeloma plasma cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). In NCI-H929 cell line, chidamide combined with low-dose bortezomib and lenalidomide showed synergistic effect, while combined with dexamethasone and pomalidomide showed additive effect. In MM.1s cell line, chidamide combined with bortezomib, dexamethasone, lenalidomide and pomalidomide all showed synergistic effects.@*CONCLUSION@#Chidamide inhibits proliferation of myeloma cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner and promotes apoptosis of primary myeloma plasma cells. Furthermore, it can enhance the inhibitory effect of anti-myeloma drugs.


Subject(s)
Aminopyridines , Apoptosis , Benzamides , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Pharmaceutical Preparations
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880146

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the clinical and Laboratory characteristics of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and analyze the prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#Two hundred MM patients were retrospectively analyzed for the following parameters, including peripheral blood, bone marrow morphology, cytogenetics, clinical staging, and response to the chemotherapy in order to summarize related factors affecting overall survival (OS). The prognostic factors were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#200 patients with MM were divided into 3 groups according to bone marrow plasma cell percentage (BMPC%) in bone marrow smears: <10% group (74 cases, 37.0%), 10%-50% group (75 cases, 37.5%), >50% group (51 cases, 25.5%). Compared with the other two groups, patients in BMPC%<10% group were characterized by lower clinical staging levels, lower rates of 13q14 deletion and t(11;14) positive, better response to chemotherapy and favorable three-year OS rate. The univariate analysis showed that prognostic factors indicating favorable outcome as evaluated by OS included age≤55 years old, BMPC%<10%, WBC<7.5×10@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical characteristics are different among MM patients with different BMPC% in bone marrow smears at initial diagnosis, and prognostic analysis shows that the BMPC% in bone marrow smears has an effect on OS rate. BMPC% in bone marrow smears at initial diagnosis, age, WBC, Hb, response to the fourth chemotherapy are also the main factors impacting the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887956

ABSTRACT

Fifteen compounds were isolated from the 70% EtOH extract of leaves of Chinese hawthorn(Crataegus pinnatifida var. major) by various purification steps, and their structures were determined as 2α,3α,12β,19α,-tetrahydroxyursan-13β,28-olide(1),euscaphic acid(2), tormentic acid(3), ursolic acid(4), pomolic acid(5), corosolic acid(6), maslinic acid(7), linalyl rutinoside(8),(Z)-3-hexenyl β-D-glucoside(9),(3S, 6S)-cis-linalool-3,7-oxide-β-D-glucopyranoside(10), pisumionoside(11), icariside B6(12), byzantionoside B(13),(6R,7E,9R)-9-Hydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(14) and(6S,7E,9R)-6,9-dihydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(15) mainly based on the mass spectrum(MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) spectroscopic techniques, of which compound 1 was a new pentacyclic triterpene, and compounds 2, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13 and 15 were isolated form this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
China , Crataegus , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Terpenes , Triterpenes
6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 401-407, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of Periplaneta americana extract on the proliferation and apoptosis of human non-small cell lung cancer A 549 cells as well as its possible mechanism. METHODS :The dry bodies of P. americana were soaked with 90% ethanol and eluted with gradient water-methanol by polyamide column chromatography. The 20%,30%,40%, 50%,60%,70%,80%,90% methanol elution sites (YS-A-H)were obtained. MTT method was used to screen the active site , and the inhibition rate of different doses of active site was detected. Flow cytometry was adopted to detect cell apoptosis ,cell cycle and mitochondrial membrane potential of cells after treated with different doses of active site. RESULTS :Half inhibition concentrations of YS-A-H were (95.25±8.42),(129.93±7.24),(221.28±12.68),(275.39±14.87),(276.76±16.32),(31.90± 5.34),(163.15±6.97),(122.81±8.36)μg/mL,respectively. YS-F had the strongest activity. After treated with 3,9,27,81 μg/mL YS-F for 24,48,72 h,cell proliferation inhibitory rate was increased significantly at different time points ;after treated for 48,72 h,that was significantly higher than same group after treated for 24 h;after 72 h treatment ,that was significantly higher than same group after 48 h treatment (P<0.01). There was no significant effect of 24 h treatment of 3 μg/mL YS-F and 72 h treatment of 9 μg/mL YS-F on the percentage of cells in the late stage of necrosis,24 h treatment of 3 μg/mL YS-F on the percentage of cells in G2/M phase and 48 h treatment of 3 μg/mL YS-F on the reduction rate of mitochondrial membrane potential(P>0.05). The percentage of cells in the early stage of apoptosis ,the late stage of apoptosis and the early stage of necrosis ,the late stage of necrosis,as well as the percentage of cells in the Sub-G 0/G1 and S phase at each time point were significantly increased in other different doses groups ,while the percentage of cells in G 0/G1 and G 2/M phase was decreased significantly (P<0.01). In each dose group,the percentage of cells in the early stage of apoptosis ,the late stage of apoptosis and the early stage of necrosis ,the late stage of necrosis (except for the percentage of cells in the late stage of necrosis treated with YS-F 9 μg/mL for 72 h)and the percentage of cells in Sub-G 0/G1 phase,G2/M phase (except for YS-F 27,81 μg/mL for 48 h)after treated for 48,72 h were significantly higher than same group after 24 h of treatment ;the percentage of cells in G 0/G1 phase,S phase and G 2/M phase (except for YS-F 9 μg/mL for 48 h)after treated for 48,72 h were significantly lower than same group after 24 h of treatment (P<0.01);the percentage of cells in the early stage of apoptosis ,the late stage of apoptosis and the early stage of necrosis ,the late stage of necrosis (except for the percentage of cells in the late stage of apoptosis and early stage of necrosis when treated with YS-F 27 μg/mL for 72 h,the percentage of cells in the late stage of necrosis when treated with YS-F 3,9 μg/mL for 72 h were decreased significantly )and the percentage of cells in S phase (except for YS-F 3 μg/mL for 72 h)and Sub-G 0/G1 phase after treated for 72 h were significantly higher than same group after 48 h of treatment ,while the percentage of cells in G 0/G1 and G 2/M phase were significantly lower than same group after 48 h of treatment (P<0.01). After treated with YS-F 9,27,81 μg/mL for 48 h,the reduction rate of cell mitochondrial membrane potential was increased significantly ;YS-F 27,81 μg/mL groups were significantly higher than YS-F 9 μg/mL group,and YS-F 81 μg/mL group was significantly higher than YS-F 27 μg/mL group. CONCLUSIONS:YS-F can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of A 549 cells by preventing cell transformation from S phase to G 2/M phase ,and reducing mitochondrial membrane potential ,in time-dependent or dose-dependent manner.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 720-725, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797980

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic significance of minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring by 10-color flow cytometry in multiple myeloma (MM) patients after treatment.@*Methods@#150 patients with MM who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 2015 to July 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical data, MRD data monitoring by 10-color flow cytometry and prognosis were analyzed.@*Results@#39.1% (34/87) patients were MRD negative after induction chemotherapy, and 49.3% (34/69) patients were MRD negative within 1 year after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) . MRD-negative patients after induction chemotherapy or after transplantation have better progress-free survival (PFS) than MRD-positive patients (P=0.022 and P<0.001) . According to the changes of MRD pre-ASCT and after ASCT, the patients were divided into 4 groups: patients with MRD continued negativity,improved from MRD positive to MRD negative, MRD continued positivity, transformed from MRD negative to MRD positive. The two-year PFS of the four groups were 83%, 82%, 44%, 0, respectively, (P=0.002) . Multivariate analysis showed that the level of MRD after induction chemotherapy was an independent factor for PFS (P=0.002) , HR=4.808 (95%CI 1.818-12.718) .@*Conclusion@#Patients with MRD negative after treatment is a better prognosis marker than complete remission or even the best marker, which can evaluate prognosis by combining R-ISS and cytogenetic changes.

8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 624-628, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818292

ABSTRACT

Objective Dangerous placenta previa(PPP) combined with placenta implantation seriously threatens maternal life safety. This paper aim to explore the changes of MnSOD and SIRT3,the expression of SIRT3 in maternal placenta PPP combined with placenta implantation, and the relationship between trophoblast invasion and placental implantation. Methods 90 cases with placenta implantation of pernicious placenta previa were collected from January 2014 to June 2018 in Anhui Maternal and Child Health Hospital. According to the depth of placental villus invading uterine myometrium, 30 cases of placenta adhesion, 30 cases of placental implantation, and 30 cases of placenta penetration, 30 cases of normal control group.Immunohistochemical SP and Western blot were used to detect the expression of MnSOD and SIRT3 in placental tissues of the study group and the control group, then compared and analyzed. Results Compared with the control group, the expression of MnSOD and SIRT3 in the placental implantation group were increased. With the increasing of placental implantation degree, the level of MnSOD and SIRT3 decreased significantly (P<0.05). Western blot showed that , the relative protein expressions of MnSOD/β-actin and SIRT3/β-actin in the control group were (0.39±0.05) and (0.41±0.08), which were higher than those in the adhesion group[(0.35±0.04), (0.32±0.02)], the implantion group[(0.28±0.02), (0.20±0.03)], and the penetration group[(0.23±0.01), (0.17±0.02)]. The difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion The expressions of MnSOD and SIRT3 incytoplasm or nucleus of invasive trophoblasts and placental tissues of pregnant women with placental implantation is significantly decreased, both of which are involved in the occurrence and development of placental implantation, but the specific pathogenesis still needs to be further explored.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1360-1366, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775713

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with acute myeloid leukemia-type M (AML-M) and analyze the factors affecting the prognosis.@*METHODS@#One hundred eighty-eight AML-M patients were retrospectively analyzed for the following parameters including peripheral blood, immune phenotypes, fusion genes and cytogenetics to explore their significance for the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). The prognostic factors were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 188 patients with AML-M, the chromosomal abnormality with t (8;21), normal chromosome and other abnormalities accounted for 37% (70/188), 41% (77/188) and 22% (41/188), respectively. For the immunopheno typing of M patients, the hematopoietic progenitor cell differentiation antigen CD117 (96.1%) were mainly expressed, CD34 (81.6%) and HLA-DR (55.9%), and myeloid-associated antigen of CD13 (90.5%) and CD33 (89.4%) were also highly expressed. There were lymphoid-associated antigens expressed in some patients, among which the positive expression rate of CD19 was highest (29.6%), and the next was CD7 (28.5%). The most common accompanied mutations was FLT3 mutation (30.2%). The univariate analysis showed that the patients at age<50 years old, without extramedullary infiltration, with positive expression of CD19, NPM-1 (-), CEBPA double mutation(+), and HSCT were significant superior in OS and PFS (P<0.05); the multivariate analysis showed that the patient at age<50 years old, without extramedullary infiltration, with positive expression of CD19 and CEBPA double mutation (+) were significant superior in OS and PFS (P<0.05). The analysis indicated that the Karytypes affected only OS (P<0.05), while the NPM-1 gene mutation positive affected only PFS (P<0.05). The univarate analysis of factors affecting the survival in 70 AML-M patients with t (8;21) abnormatity showed that the C-KIT gene mutation was a poor factor for OS and PFS.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical characteristics are different between M patients with different karyotype, and prognostic analysis shows that the karytypes have an impact on overall survival; age, extramedullary infiltration, CD19 expression and CEBPA double mutation are also the main factors impacting the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
HLA-DR Antigens , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Middle Aged , Mutation , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695862

ABSTRACT

Objective To make a tinnitus matching-based observation of the clinical therapeutic effect of acupuncture on tinnitus of kidney essence deficiency type.Methods Sixty patients with tinnitus of kidney essence deficiency type were randomized to groups A and B, 30 cases each. Group A received acupuncture based on syndrome differentiation- based point selection and group B, acupuncture based on disease differentiation-based point selection. Hearing condition was assessed by pure tone hearing threshold and tinnitus matching (tinnitus frequency and loudness matching test) in the two groups of patients before and after treatment.Results There were statistically significant pre-/post- treatment differences in various thresholds in pure tone audiometry in the two groups (P<0.05). There were statistically significant post-treatment differences in partial thresholds in pure tone audiometry (500 Hz, 750 Hz, 1000 Hz and 2000 Hz) between Group A and group B (P<0.05). Tinnitus matching had no statistically significant pre-/post-treatment difference within the two groups and no statistically significant post-treatment difference between the two groups (P>0.05). There was a statistically significant pre-/post-treatment difference in tinnitus loudness matching in the two groups (P<0.01). There was a statistically significant post-treatment difference in tinnitus loudness matching between Group A and group B (P<0.05).Conclusions Acupuncture is an effective way to treat tinnitus of kidney essence deficiency type. The therapeutic effect of syndrome differentiation-based acupoint selection is better than that of disease differentiation-based acupoint selection.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668618

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of venipuncture using the fluorescent intravenous indwelling catheter in dark environment in dog experiments. Methods Six dogs were randomly divided into three groups of two dogs each, and each dog was subjected to 40 times of venipuncture performed on a foreleg with normal intravenous indwelling catheter and fluorescent intravenous indwelling catheter, respectively, under high(101 -105 lux), moderate (10.2-100 lux)or low(5 -10 lux)brightness conditions. The success rates and time consumption of those two procedures were analyzed and compared statistically. Results The success rate and time consumption for venipuncture using fluorescent and normal intravenous indwelling catheter under low brightness were 82.5% and(204.36 ± 13.13)s vs. 40.0% and(249.35 ± 17.98)s, those performed under moderate(simulating morning and dawn)brightness were 90.0% and(194.86 ± 8.60)s vs. 67.5% and(206.37 ± 9.70)s, all showed a significantly higher efficiency of the venipuncture using fluorescent intravenous indwelling catheter(P < 0.05). Conclusions The use of fluorescent intravenous indwelling catheter has the advantages of higher success rate and shorter time consumption for venipuncture under low and moderate brightness conditions.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1964-1968, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667663

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the change of late sodium current (INaL) and the effect of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinaseⅡ (CaMKⅡ) inhibitor KN-93 on INaLin the cardiomyocytes after isoproterenol-induced heart fai-lure (HF) in rabbits. METHODS:The rabbit model of HF was induced by injecting isoproterenol (300 μg·kg-1· d-1) for 15 d. One month later, all rabbits received by echocardiography and HE staining to observe the morphological changes of myocardium for evaluating the HF model. The protein expression of NaV1.5, CaMKⅡδ and phosphorylated CaMKⅡδ was determined by Western blot. The ventricular myocytes were isolated from the rabbits of normal saline(NS) group and HF group by Langendorff perfusion, and the whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to record INaL. RE-SULTS:Compared with NS group,the heart rate in HF group was increased (P<0.01), the ventricular cavity was en-larged (P<0.05),and the cardiac function was decreased(P<0.01). Compared with NS group,the cardiomyocytes in HF group arranged in disorder, vacuolar degeneration and myocardial interstitial edema were observed, and fibrous tissue increased. The protein levels of NaV1.5,CaMKⅡδ and phosphorylated CaMKⅡδ in HF group were higher than those in NS group(P<0.01). INaLin HF group significantly increased compared with NS group (P<0.01). After adding sea anemone toxin Ⅱ (ATXⅡ), the density of INaLin HF group and NS group was significantly increased, but that in HF group increased more obviously than that in NS group (P<0.01). After ATXⅡ had induced stable current, we added KN-93 into NS group and HF group,and we found that the ATXⅡ-increased INaLin NS group and HF group was signifi-cantly decreased(P<0.05).CONCLUSION:CaMKⅡinhibitor KN-93 inhibits the increase in INaLin HF rabbits,which may be related to the activity of CaMKⅡδ and the regulation of CaMKⅡ δ on INaL.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665768

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the combination application of PQRST triage formula and self-made abdominal organ projection in the triage of patients with acute abdomen. Methods From November 2016 to February 2017 combination of PQRST triage formula and self- made abdominal organ projection were applied in triage of 99 cases of patients with abdominal pain (the observation group). Traditional triage method using SOAP information collection table were applied in 83 cases of patients with abdominal pain (the control group) from July to October 2016. The accuracy rate of triage were compared between two groups. Results The accuracy rate of nurse triage for acute abdomen was 89.90% (89/99) in the observation group, and 78.31% (65/83) in the control group, the difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.66, P< 0.05). Conclusions The combination use of PQRST formula and the abdominal organ projection image in triage can improve the accuracy of emergency triage.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the relationship between the clinical characteristics of acoustic neuroma and the number ofT lymphocytes in tumor tissues.METHODS Clinical data of 65 patients diagnosed with VS were retrospectively collected.Peripheral blood samples of the patients were collected and the number of T lymphocytes were counted by flow cytometry.Immunohistochemistry was carried out with the fresh tumor samples compared with 8 normal cranial nerve controls.The expression level of each immune protein was analyzed its correlation with clinical characters was explored.RESULTS The CD3+,CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in the peripheral blood are not significantly correlated with clinical data.In the tumor tissues,the number of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes are much larger than those in normal cranial nerves,and negatively correlated with preoperative hearing.The number of CD8+ T lymphocytes has a negative relationship with postoperative facial nerve function.In addition,CD4 and CD8 expression levels in the tumor samples from patients younger than 40 are much higher than those in elder patients.Foxp3 is not detected in the normal cranial nerves.The number of Foxp3+ T lymphocytes is negatively correlated with preoperative hearing.CONCLUSION The CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes mediated cellular immunity play an important role in the development of acoustic neuroma,as well as the reservation and restoration of nerve function.

15.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 1035-1039,1043, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701514

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the infection status and clinical characteristics of healthcare-associated infection (HAD in patients initially diagnosed with multiple myeloma(MM) during the induction period.Methods Clinical data of 116 patients diagnosed with MM and initially treated with PAD(bortezomib + adriamycin + dexamethasone)or PDD(bortezomib + liposome doxorubicin + dexamethasone) regimen in a hospital were collected,infection rates and clinical characteristics of patients during the induction therapy period were analyzed statistically.Results Among 116 patients,69 received PAD regimen,and 47 received PDD regimen,infection rates in two groups were 79.7% and 89.4% respectively;73 patients received subcutaneous injection of bortezomib,43 received intravenous injection of bortezomib,infection rates in subcutaneous injection group and intravenous injection group were 78.1% and 93.0% respectively,difference was statistically significant between two groups(P<0.05).During the induction period,HAI rate was 83.6% (n =97),81 patients developed infection during the first course,infection status of 3 patients were not clear due to therapy outside the hospital,the actual infection rate was 71.7 % (81/113);infection rate during the second course was 56.6 % (64/113);a total of 98 patients completed three therapy courses,infection rate was 43.9% (43/98);66 patients completed four therapy courses,infection rate was 28.8% (19/66).With the increase of the therapy course,infection rate showed a downward trend.Infection sites from high to low were respiratory system,skin and mucosa,oral and gastrointestinal system,bloodstream,and urinary tract.Difference in constitute of clinical diagnosis between patients receiving and without receiving prophylactic antifungal agents during chemotherapy period was not statistically significant (P =0.063).Conclusion Infection rate is very high during induction period,the main infection site is respiratory system,clinicians and patients need to pay more attention to the prevention and treatment of respiratory system infection.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611588

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of different HbA1C cutoff points for diabetes diagnosis in high risk outpatients in Harbin.Methods A total of 2 122 high risk outpatients(male 1 032 and female 1 090)for diabetes screening in the Fourth affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from April 2013 to February 2015 were included in this study, with the average age of(49.26±13.00)year. Oral glucose tolerance tests(OGTT)were conducted and HbA1C levels were examined in these patients. The sensitivity and specificity of different HbA1C cutoff points were calculated and a receiver operator characteristic(ROC)curve was then built.Results The average level of HbA1C in these subjects was(6.45±1.72)%. The prevalence of diabetes was 41.85%. The area under ROC curve(AUC)was 0.89 with the optimal cutoff point of HbA1C 6.0% and 0.68 for the highest Yonden index. The sensitivity and specificity of HbA1C 6.0% were 84.01% and 83.67% respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of HbA1C 6.5% were 62.84% and 95.92%, respectively. The AUC of HbA1C≥6.5% was 0.732. Conclusion HbA1C works well as the diagnostic standard for diabetes in high risk outpatients of Harbin city. The cutoff point of HbA1C 6.0% is suitable for screening diabetes in high risk population, and HbA1C 6.5% is appropriate for diabetes diagnosis, with high sensitivity and specificity.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670342

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of borderline personality disorder (BPD) tendency and impulsivity on suicide ideation in counseling patients.Methods A total of 120 counseling patients were evaluated by the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire (PDQ-4+),Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11).All participants were also interviewed with self-made structured clinical questionnaire for suicide ideation.Re sults ①Patients with suicide ideation had significantly higher score of BPD tendency ((6.02 ± 2.15) vs (3.91±2.31),t=5.164,P<0.01),impulsivity ((72.05±8.58) vs (68.63±9.01),t=2.129,P=0.035) than patients without suicide ideation.There was still significant difference of BPD tendency between the two groups after controlling for gender(F=23.135,P>0.01) but there was no significant difference of impulsivity (F=3.536,P>0.05).②Logistic hierarchical regression analysis revealed that only BPD tendency (B=0.319;P=0.009;OR=1.375)had a significant role in the prediction of suicide ideation after controlling for gender and depressive diagnoses.Conclusion Compared with impulsivity,BPD tendency can better predict suicide ideation of counseling patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357304

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between the expression of CD20 antigen and clinical characteristics in adult patients with B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia(B-ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The CD20 expression of 126 acute lympho-blastic leukemia patients in our hospital from July 2009 to July 2012 were determined by flow cytometry. The characteristics, examination results and outcome were analyzed retrospectively. The complete remission rate (CR rate), relape rate, 2-year survival rate and 2-year event-free survival (EFS) of patients with CD20 positive and negative after the first cycle of chemstherapy were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Positive rate of CD20 antigen expression in 126 patients was 24.4% (31 cases), negative rate of CD20 antigen expression in 126 patients was 75.6% (95 cases). No significant relationship was found between CD20 antigen expression and sex, age, peripheral blood leucocytes count and chromosomal changes. The relapse rate, 2-year survival rate (OS) and 2-year event-free survival (EFS) of adult patients with B-ALL in CD20 positive and negative groups were 53.3% and 38.0%, 52.1% and 92.3%, 33.7% and 70.8% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Expression of CD20 in adult patients with B-ALL did not related with clinical features, but related with poor prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, CD20 , B-Lymphocytes , Cell Lineage , Disease-Free Survival , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Recurrence , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485450

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the vitamin B1 levels in plasma,erythrocytes and urine of the patients with type 2 diabetes,and to analyze the correlation of vitamin B1 level with the progression of diabetic nephropathy,and to clarify the metabolism of nutrtion mechanism of type 2 diabetic nephropathy.Methods Total 90 patients with type 2 diabetes and 30 healthy volunteers were recruited.According to the levels of microalbuminuria,the patients with type 2 diabetes were divided into non diabetic nephropathy (NDN)group,early diabetic nephropathy (EDN)group and clinical diabetic nephropathy (CDN)group (n=30);the healthy people was used as normal control (NC) group.The vitamin B1 levels in the plasma,erythrocytes and urine were examined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The correlation of microalbuminuria with the plasma viamin B1 level was analyzed. Results The level of vitamin B1 in plasma of the patients in NC group was (7.1±3.3)μg·L-1,while it was (4.0±2.3)μg·L-1 in NDN group,(3.1±1.0)μg·L-1 in EDN group and (2.3±0.6)μg·L-1 in CDN group. Compared with NC group,the vitamin B1 levels in the plasma in NDN,EDN and CDN groups dropped 43.7%, 56.3%,and 67.6%,respectively (P<0.05). The excretion of vitamin B1 in urine were (2.9 ± 0.8),(9.0 ± 4.7),(11.7±3.9),and (15.6±5.0)μg·L-1 in NC group,NDN group,EDN group and CDN group, respectively.Compared with NC group,the vitamin B1 levels in the urine in NDN,EDN and CDN groups were increased by 2,3 and 4 times,respectively (P<0.05).A negative correlation was found between the level of microalbuminuria and the level of vitamin B1 in plasma (r=-0.62,P=0.013).Conclusion Vitamin B1 deficiency can be observed in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy,and the level of vitamin B1 is closely correlated with the progression of diabetic nephropathy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 513-516, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288140

ABSTRACT

Objective To monitor the co-infection status of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (R.b.s.1) and spotted fever group Rickettsia (SFGR) in tourist areas of Heilongjiang province.Methods Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the 5S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer of B.b.s.1 and ompA of SFGR in ticks,dynamically collected from tourist areas of Heilongjiang province in 2010.Amplification products from positive ticks were sequenced,and phylogenetic analysis was conducted by Mega 5.0 software package.Results 849 ticks were collected from two tourist points,with the dominant ticks in Tiger Mountain and Jingpo Lake were Ixodes persulcatus and Haemaphysalis concinna.Regarding the Ixodes persulcatus from Tiger Mountain,the infection rates of B.b.s.1 and SFGR were 26.15% and 10.05%.The infection rate of SFGR was 13.33% in Haemaphysalis concinna and the B.b.s.1 was tndiscovered in the same ticks from Jingpo Lake.However,the co-infection could only be detected in Ixodes persulcatus of both tourist areas.Surveillance data showed that the major ticks were more likely to be appeared in July at Tiger Mountain and in June at Jingpo Lake.Data from the sequence analysis on B.b.s.1 showed that the B.b.s.1 in tourist areas could be classified into three different genotypes,other than B.garinii and B.afzelii.We first detected B.valaisiana-like group genotype in northeast of China.Results from the sequence analysis of SFGR positive products showed that the two DNA sequences of newly detected agents were completely the same as Rickettsia sp.HL-93 which was detected in Hulin and Rickettsia sp.H820 found in northeast,China.Conclusion The co-infection of B.b.s.1 and SFGR was detected in ticks from the tourist areas of Heilongjiang province,and data from the sequencing of specific fragment showed that various kinds of genotypes existed in this area.However; the rates of co-infectionitis-different according to environment,time and population that contributed to the kinds of and the index of ticks existed in the surveys points,also the infection rate of the ticks was studied.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL