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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 481-485, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869403


Cerebral small-vessel disease(CSVD)is a major cause of cognitive decline, dementia, affective disorders, urinary dysfunction and functional disability in the elderly.This review will focus and elaborates on the pathogenic classification, pathogenesis, clinical features and treatment and propose the prospect in the future study, in order to raise the importance of CSVD and provide a certain theoretical basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 285-288, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704082


Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) gives rise to one in five strokes worldwide,which affect the small arteries,arterioles,capillaries and small veins of the brain.CSVD is associated with recent small subcortical infarct,lacuna of presumed vascular origin,white matter hyperintensity of presumed vascular origin,perivascular space,cerebral microbleeds,and brain atrophy.CSVD constitutes a major source of cognitive decline,affective disorder,urinary disorders,gait disturbances,impaired activities of daily living particularly in the elderly.The review will focus on recent progress on the clinical features of cognition,the neuroimaging,treatment and the prospective in the future study.

Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1504-1509, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322239


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Nicotine is primarily rsponsible for the highly addictive properties of cigarettes. Similar to other substances, nicotine dependence is related to many important brain regions, particular in mesolimbic reward circuit. This study was to further reveal the alteration of brain function activity during resting state in chronic smokers by fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuation (fALFF) based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), in order to provide the evidence of neurobiological mechanism of smoking.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This case control study involved twenty healthy smokers and nineteen healthy nonsmokers recruited by advertisement. Sociodemographic, smoking related characteristics and fMRI images were collected and the data analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with nonsmokers, smokers showed fALFF increased significantly in the left middle occipital gyrus, left limbic lobe and left cerebellum posterior lobe but decreases in the right middle frontal gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, right extra nuclear, left postcentral gyrus and left cerebellum anterior lobe (cluster size >100 voxels). Compared with light smokers (pack years ≤ 20), heavy smokers (pack years >20) showed fALFF increased significantly in the right superior temporal gyrus, right precentral gyrus, and right occipital lobe/cuneus but decreased in the right/left limbic lobe/cingulate gyrus, right/left frontal lobe/sub gyral, right/left cerebellum posterior lobe (cluster size >50 voxels). Compared with nonsevere nicotine dependent smokers (Fagerstrőm test for nicotine dependence, score ≤ 6), severe nicotine dependent smokers (score >6) showed fALFF increased significantly in the right/left middle frontal gyrus, right superior frontal gyrus and left inferior parietal lobule but decreased in the left limbic lobe/cingulate gyrus (cluster size >25 voxels).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In smokers during rest, the activity of addiction related regions were increased and the activity of smoking feeling, memory, related regions were also changed. The resting state activity changes in many regions were associated with the cumulative amount of nicotine intake and the severity of nicotine dependence.</p>

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Brain , Physiology , Case-Control Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Smoking
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 200-204, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418366


Objective To determine the relationship between characteristic damages in white matter and its executive dysfunction by magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in the patients with leukoaraiosis (LA). Methods A total of 23 patients with LA and 19 age,sex and education-matched healthy people as control were enrolled.Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA),Stroop test,trail making test (TMT),digit-symbol test(DST),verbal fluence (VF) were applied to assess cognitive and executive functions.Fractional anisotropy (FA),apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and mean diffusivity (MD) in white matter lesion (WML) and normal appearing white matter (NAWM) were measured in LA group,the bilateral centrum semiovale,anterior and posterior periventricular white matter in control group were measured by DTI. The white matter DTI parameters were compared between the groups, the relationship between DTI parameters and executive function was investigated in LA group. Results In LA patients,distinct executive dysfunction were found.The scores of Stroop B [(69.4± 13.4) vs.(43.3 ± 5.0),t =8.03,P<0.05)],Stroop C [(141.4±42.1) vs.(65.4±10.3),t=7.66,P<0.05)]and Stroop C B[ (72.0±41.4) vs.(22.1±9.6),t=5.13,P<0.05)],TMT-A[(73.2±15.3)vs.(31.2±7.2),t 10.97,P<0.05) ],TMTB[(125.6±18.0) vs.(81.6±5.9),t=10.22,P<0.05) ] andDST[ (24.8±5.6 )vs.(36.8±5.1),t=7.19,P<0.05) ] were inferior in LA group to control group.The values of FA in centrum semiovale [(0.2±0.1) vs.(0.4±0.1) and (0.4±0.1),F =45.08,P<0.05)],anterior periventricular white matter [(0.2±0.0) vs.(0.4±0.1) and (0.4±0.1),F =70.11,P<0.05)] and posterior perivcntricular white matter[ (0.3±0.1) vs.(0.4±0.1) and (0.4±0.1),F=8.54,P<0.05) ]of WML were reduced as compared with those of NAWM and control group.The values of ADC(×10- 3mm2/s) in the above three regions of WML [(1.2±0.2) vs.(0.8±0.1) and (0.8±0.1),F=46.77,P<0.05)],[(1.2±0.3) vs.(0.8±0.0) and (0.8±0.1),F=68.22,P<0.05)]and [(1.4±0.3) vs.(0.8±0.0) and (0.9±0.1),F=17.08,P<0.05) ] were elevated,as compared with those of NAWM and control group,and the values of MD ( × 10-5 mm2/s) in the three regions of WML[ (127.8±14.5) vs. (95.3±26.4) and (100.8±9.4),F 19.72,P<0.05) ],[(127.4±16.0) vs.(101.8±13.9) and (93.4±5.6),F=39.26,P<0.05) ] and [(134.4±21.2)vs.(114.8=14.5) and (114.4±11.7),F=10.66,P<0.05) ]were also increased,as compared with those of NAWM and control group.There was negative correlation of FA with Stroop C-B (r=-0.46,P<0.05),TMT-A (r=-0.48,P<0.05) and TMT-B (r=0.46,P<0.05),while FA was positively related with DST test (r=0.42,P<0.05) in anterior periventricular white matter.Conclusions DTI can detect the characteristic damages of white matter,which is strongly related with executive function impairments possibly induced by the damage of prefrontal-subcortical loop in the patients with LA.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1778-1781, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405152


Objective To study the spatial variation of T2 relaxation time of cartilage of knee in healthy adults.Methods T2 values of cartilage of knee in 21 asymptomatic young male adults ( age ranged 24 to 39 years ; mean age , 30 years) were calculated by using a multiecho,spin-echo MR imaging sequence at 1.5T MR scanner on sagittal T2 maps,including the patellar,distal femoral weight and non-weight-bearing as well as proximal tibial weight-bearing cartilages,the differences in the spatial variation between them were analysed using F test.Results All 21 asymptomatic volunteers demonstrated a consistent pattern of spatial variation of T2 values cartilage of knee with longer T2 values near the subchondral bone,decreased in deep zoon and increased in articular surface , there was difference between them (F=70.892 , P<0.05 ) . The greates spatial variation occurred in the patella.T2 value(26.56 ms±4.4 ms) in the deeper zoon of cartilage of the patella was obviously lower than that of the weight-and non-weight-bearing articular cartilage (P = 0.001 ) . Lateral femoral weight-bearing articular cartilage showed lower T2 value ( 35.2 ms ± 6.31 ms) in the outer transitional superficial zone than thatof the patella and non-weight-bearing cartilage,P=0.002,P=0.000 respectively.Lateral tibial weight-bearing articular cartilage showed showed lower T2 value(37.11 ms±6.6 ms)in the outer transitional superficial zone than that of non-weight-bearing cartilage(P=0.000). Conclusion The spatial variation of T2 relaxation time of cartilage of knee in the vivo in the asymptomatic young adults is like slightly concave curve at 1.5T MR system,that is of reference value in study of degenerative osteoarthritis.

Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574504


Objective To evaluate and compare the diagnostic value of digital mammography-guided biopsy with mammography for early-stage breast cancer. Methods 68 of 156 foci(from 148 cases) with diameter≤2.0 cm from 2850 mammographic cases during Nov.2001 and Sep.2002,were urdestaken mammography-guided biopsy and then compared the coherence of the biopsy and mammographic results with the pathology. Results The obviously accuracy of mammography-guided biopsy is obviously superior to the mammography(P