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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868700


Objective:To compare the setup errors between deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) and free breathing (FB) for breast cancer patients who were treated with whole breast irradiation (WBI) after breast conserving surgery (BCS).Methods:In this retrospective analysis, 30 breast cancer patients receiving WBI following BCS using DIBH in National Cancer Center/ Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, an 30 patients treated with WBI using FB were enrolled as comparator.The kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was performed to evaluate and reduce setup errors. The optimal margins from clinical target volume (CTV) to planning target volume (PTV) for DIBH were estimated. The differences of setup errors between two techniques were compared using independent two-sample t-test. Results:A total of 318 sets of CBCT images were acquired, with (5.1±1.1) sets per patient on average. The setup errors along the three translational directions (laternal, longitudinal and vertical) were (2.1±1.6) mm, (2.6±1.7) mm and (2.5±2.1) mm for DIBH, and (2.2±1.7) mm, (3.1±2.5) mm and (3.3±2.3) mm for FB, respectively. Compared with FB, DIBH significantly reduced setup errors in the longitudinal ( P=0.015) and vertical ( P=0.004) directions, whereas the setup errors in the lateral direction did not significantly differ ( P=0.294). The optimal margins from CTV to PTV using DIBH were 6.2 mm, 7.3 mm and 7.8 mm, respectively. In the DIBH group, treatment fractions at the beginning and higher body mass index (BMI) did not associate with larger set-up deviation. Conclusions:DIBH technique yields less setup errors than FB for breast cancer patients treated with WBI after BCS. The CTV-PTV margins of 6-8 mm are recommended for DIBH.

Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 415-420, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805534


Objective@#To evaluate the tolerability and short-term efficacy of chemo-radiotherapy in 125 patients with stage ⅡB-ⅣA esophageal carcinoma after radical resection.@*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated the rate of completion, toxicity and survival of patients undergoing adjuvant concurrent chemo-radiotherapy after radical resection of esophageal carcinoma from January 2004 to December 2014 in our institution. The survival rate was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method and analyzed using the log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazard model.@*Results@#122 patients received more than 50 Gy dose (97.6%). A total of 52 patients received more than 5 weeks chemo-radiotherapy (41.6%), while 73 patients underwent only 1-4 weeks (58.4%). The median following up was 48.4 months. 8 patients lost follow up (6.4%). The 1-year and 3-year overall survival rate were 91.6% and 57.0%, respectively, with a median survival time of 64.4 months. The 1-year and 3-year disease free survival rate were 73.2% and 54.3%, respectively, with a median disease free survival time of 59.1 months. The most common acute complications associated with chemo-radiotherapy were myelosuppression, radiation esophagitis and radiation dermatitis, the majority of which were Grade 1-2. Of the 125 patients, there were 59 cases of recurrence, including 23 cases with local regional recurrence, 26 cases with hematogenous metastasis, and 8 cases with mixed recurrence. Univariate analysis showed that the numbers of concurrent chemotherapy was associated with the overall survival (P=0.006). But receiving more than 5 weeks was not the prognostic factor compared to 1 to 4 weeks chemotherapy (P=0.231). Multivariate analysis showed that only the numbers of concurrent chemotherapy was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.010).@*Conclusions@#Postoperative radiotherapy concurrent with weekly chemotherapy could improve the overall survival and decrease the recurrence for stage ⅡB-ⅣA esophageal carcinoma after radical resection. However, the completion rate of chemotherapy was low, so it was necessary to explore reasonable regimens to improve the completion rate and carry out prospective randomized controlled trial.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755066


Objective To investigate the setup errors and influencing factors of the whole breast intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) after breast-conserving surgery,and to identify the margins from clinical target volume (CTV) to planning target volume (PTV).Methods Thirty patients with left-sided (n=15) or right-sided breast cancer (n=15) receiving whole breast hypofractionated IMRT with breast board immobilization after breast-conserving surgery in Cancer Hospital from 2016 to 2017 were enrolled.The kilo-voltage cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was used to compare the errors of planning CT and treatment unit and determine the setup errors.The margins from CTV to PTV were calculated.The setup errors under different conditions were statistically compared by t-test.Results A total of 151 sets of CBCT images were taken in the whole cohort,(5.0± 1.3) sets per patient on average.The setup errors in the x-axis (left-right direction),y-axis (cranial-caudal direction) and z-axis (anterior-posterior direction) were (2.2± 1.7) mm,(3.1±2.5) mm and (3.3±2.3) mm,respectively.The margins from CTV to PTV were 6.39 mm,10.00 mm and 8.57 mm,respectively.The setup error in anterior-posterior direction in the first week was (3.7±2.5) mm,significantly larger than (2.6±1.6) mm in the following week (P=0.002).The setup error of the patients with overweight or obesity was (3.9±2.6) mm,significantly higher than (2.9±2.0) mm in those with normal weight in the z-axis direction (P=0.033).Conclusion The margins from CTV to PTV are recommended to be ranged from 6 to 10 mm during hypofractionated whole breast IMRT with breast board immobilization after breast-conserving surgery.More frequent imaging verification should be applied in the first week of IMRT.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620253


Objective To evaluate the efficacy of rescue treatment for recurrent esophageal cancer after radical esophagectomy, and to provide insights into the development of comprehensive treatment for esophageal cancer.Methods The clinical data of 218 patients who were confirmed with recurrent metastatic esophageal cancer after R0 resection and received rescue treatment in our hospital from 2004 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed.The survival rate was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method.Univariate and multivariate prognostic analyses were performed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model, respectively.Results The median post-recurrence follow-up time was 53 months.The 1-and 3-year overall survival (OS) rates after recurrence were 57.2% and 24.4%, respectively.Among the 163 patients with local recurrence, the 1-and 3-year OS rates were 70% and 42% for patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (n=40), 55% and 24% for those with radiotherapy alone (n=106), and 23% and 8% for those with supportive therapy (n=13)(chemoradiotherapy vs.radiotherapy alone P=0.045, radiotherapy alone vs.supportive therapy P=0.004;none of the patients who were treated with chemotherapy alone survived for one year or more).Univariate analysis showed that N staging, TNM staging, and post-recurrence rescue treatment regimen were independent prognostic factors for esophageal cancer (all P=0.001).On the other hand, multivariate analysis indicated that only rescue treatment regimen was the independent prognostic factor for esophageal cancer (P=0.013).Conclusions Rescue chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy alone can bring significant survival benefits for patients with recurrent and metastatic, especially locally recurrent, esophageal cancer following radical esophagectomy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490835


Objective To analyze the clinical value of postoperative radiotherapy for node-positive middle thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma ( TESCC ) and to modify the target volume .Methods A total of 286 patients with node-positive middle TESCC underwent radical surgery in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, from 2004 to 2009.In addition, 90 of these patients received postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates, and the log-rank test was used for survival difference analysis.The Cox model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.The chi-square test was used for comparing the recurrence between patients receiving different treatment modalities.Results The 5-year overall survival ( OS) rates of the surgery alone ( S) group and surgery plus postoperative radiotherapy ( S+R) group were 22.9%and 37.8%, respectively, and the median OS times were 23.2 and 34.7 months, respectively ( P=0.003) .For patients with 1 or 2 lymph node metastases (LNMs), the 5-year OS rates of the S group and S+R group were 27.3%and 44.8%, respectively ( P=0.017);for patients with more than 2 LNMs, the 5-year OS rates of the S group and S+R group were 16.7%and 25.0%, respectively (P=0.043).The peritoneal lymph node metastasis rates of N1 , N2 , and N3 patients in the S group were 2.9%, 10.9%, and 20.0%, respectively ( P=0.024) .The S+R group had a significantly lower mediastinal lymph node metastasis rate than the S group ( for patients with 1 or 2 LMNs:8.0%vs.35.3%, P=0.003;for patients with more than 2 LNMs, 10.0%vs.42.3%, P=0.001) , and had a prolonged recurrence time compared with the S group ( 25.1 vs.10.7 months, P=0.000) .However, for patients with more than 2 LNMs, the S+R group had a significantly higher hematogenous metastasis rate than the S group (46.7%vs.26.1%, P=0.039).Conclusions Patients with node-positive middle TESCC could benefit from postoperative radiotherapy.The target volume can be reduced for patients with 1 or 2 LNMs.Prospective studies are needed to examine whether it is more appropriate to reduce the radiotherapy dose than to reduce the target volume for patients with more than 2 LNMs.A high hematogenous metastasis rate warrants chemotherapy as an additional regimen.