Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 151-154, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for massive blood transfusion in pediatric living donor liver transplantation.Methods:The medical data of children underwent living donor liver transplantation in our hospital from April 2006 to April 2019 were retrospectively collected.Massive transfusion was defined as the administration of red blood cells > 1 fold of the total blood volume (70 ml/kg) during operation.Patients were assigned to massive transfusion group and non-massive transfusion group according to the volume of blood transfused during operation.Binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for massive blood transfusion during living liver transplantation.Results:A total of 95 pediatric patients were enrolled in this study, with 18 cases in massive transfusion group and 77 cases in non-massive transfusion group.The incidence of massive blood transfusion was 19% during operation.The results of logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative survival status of " hospitalization" ( OR=49.816, 95% CI 2.945-842.59, P=0.007), increased serum Cr concentrations ( OR=1.046, 95% CI 1.007-1.086, P=0.021), increased Pediatric End-Stage Liver Disease (PELD) or Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score ( OR=1.215, 95% CI 1.046-1.411, P=0.011) and prolonged operation time( OR=1.623, 95% CI 1.133-2.327, P=0.008) were the independent risk factors for intraoperative massive blood transfusion in living donor liver transplantation, while increased recipient weight ( OR=0.856, 95% CI 0.761-0.962, P=0.009) was a protective factor for intraoperative massive blood transfusion. Conclusions:Preoperative survival status of " hospitalization", increased PELD or MELD score and prolonged operation time are independent risk factors, while increased pediatric weight is a protective factor for massive blood transfusion in pediatric living donor liver transplantation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 768-773, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930513

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of nuclear transcription factor Gli1/Gli2 of the sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway in the hepatic epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) of biliary atresia mice caused by Rhesus rotavirus (RRV) infection.Methods:The biliary atresia model in mice was generated by RRV infection.Mice were divided into normal group, model group, Gli1 overexpression group, Gli1 shRNA group, Gli2 overexpression group and Gli2 shRNA group.Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of regulatory factors for EMT (Snail/Slug) and characteristic cytokines of EMT [Vimentin, α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), E-cadherin] in mouse liver tissues.Additionally, hematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining were performed to calculate the percentage of liver fibrous tissue expression area.The data were analyzed by One- Way ANOVA and LSD- t test. Results:The relative mRNA expression of Snail, Slug, Vimentin, α-SMA and E-cadherin in Gli2 overexpression group, Gli2 shRNA group and model group were 15.13±3.40, 5.48±0.46, 8.78±1.06, 12.40±2.18 and 3.06±0.53; 3.73±1.16, 5.62±1.75, 3.56±1.06, 3.88±1.16 and 10.51±1.83; 8.13±1.27, 5.32±0.98, 5.05±0.98, 4.02±0.77 and 5.12±1.60.Compared with those of the model group, mRNA levels of Snail, Vimentin and α-SMA were significantly higher in Gli2 overexpression group, while that of E-cadherin was significantly lower( t=4.53, 5.29, 8.12, -2.13; all P<0.05); compared with those of the model group, mRNA levels of Snail and Vimentin in Gli2 shRNA group significantly decreased, while that of E-cadherin significantly increased( t=-2.86, -2.12, 5.62; all P<0.05). In Gli2 overexpression group, Gli2 shRNA group and model group, the protein levels of Snail, Slug, Vimentin, α-SMA and E-cadherin were 2.02±0.39, 0.31±0.08, 0.95±0.17, 1.07±0.17 and 0.42±0.06; 0.53±0.13, 0.40±0.18, 0.20±0.04, 0.28±0.07 and 1.09±0.31; 0.70±0.15, 0.42±0.22, 0.64±0.13, 0.81±0.11 and 0.42±0.09.Compared with those of the model group, protein levels of Snail, Vimentin and α-SMA were significantly higher in Gli2 overexpression group( t=12.71, 4.28, 3.70; all P<0.05); compared with those of the model group, protein levels of Vimentin and α-SMA in Gli2 shRNA group significantly decreased, while that of E-cadherin significantly increased( t=-6.14, -7.57, 5.96; all P<0.05). However, no significant change trend were detected in expression levels of characteristic cytokines of EMT between Gli1 overexpression group and Gli1 shRNA group.The area percentage of liver fiber expression in normal group, model group, Gli1 overexpression group, Gli1 shRNA group, Gli2 overexpression group and Gli2 shRNA group were (1.03±0.58)%, (33.02±11.39)%, (39.81±5.67)%, (26.06±1.29)%, (49.81±8.57)% and (17.55±0.66)%, respectively.Besides, in terms of percentage of area expressed in liver fiber tissue, the Gli2 overexpression group and Gli2 shRNA group were statistically significant compared with the model group( t=3.21, -2.96; all P<0.05), while the Gli1 overexpression group and Gli1 shRNA group were not statistically significant compared with the model group (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The Shh signaling pathway plays an important role in liver fibrosis in mice with biliary atresia.Gli2, a key transcription factor of Shh signaling pathway, can significantly regulate liver EMT process in mice with biliary atresi.

3.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 260-265, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the expressions of Caveolin-1 and Clathrin Heavy Chain proteins in organ tissues of the rats, and to clarify its mechanism.Methods:Twenty-four Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, and low,medium and high doses of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle groups by weights.24 h after tail vein injection of different doses of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles, the organ tissues were obtained.Western blotting method was used to detect the expressions of Caveolin-1 and Clathrin Heavy Chain proteins in the main organ tissues of the rats.Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was used to measure the expressions of Caveolin-1 and Clathrin Heavy Chain mRNA.Results:Compared with control group,the expressions levels Clathrin Heavy Chain protein and mRNA in liver and spleen tissues of the rats in medium and high doses groups were significantly increased (P0.05).Compared with control group,the Caveolin-1 mRNA expression levels in liver, spleen, and lung tissues of the rats in low,medium and high doses groups were significantly increased (P0.05).Conclusion:Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles could enhance the expressions of Clathrin Heavy Chain in the liver, spleen, and lung tissues of the rats.Endocytosis of Clathrin Heavy Chain protein is one way for magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles into the liver, lung, spleen cells of the rats.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1826-1828, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508806

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of microRNA(miRNAs)in the late stage terminal hindgut de-velopment in fetal rats.Methods Twenty -four female rats were randomly divided into 2 groups.They were matched in proportion of male and female 21 .The experimental rats(n =1 2)received 1 0 g/L ethylenethiourea (1 25 mg/kg)by gavage on gestational day 1 1 ,and the control rats (n =1 2)received same amount of distilled water.The fetal rats were obtained by caesarean section on the gestational day 1 6 in each group.One centimeter rectum was taken out from 2 similar weight fetal rats for extracting total RNA by Trizol method.There were 24 fetal rats in each group.Chip hybri-dization was conducted after Poly(A)and biotin added to the RNA.Then,the chip was washed and dyed,and scanned thereafter.According to the differences in the expression profile of miRNAs and target gene analysis results,the miRNAs probably regulating the key gene of hindgut development was selected for target genes expression analysis.Results Compared with control group,expressions of 1 1 1 miRNAs in terminal hindgut of experimental group were up -regulated on the gestational day 1 6,and 1 1 7 miRNAs were down -regulated.Ten miRNAs of biggest differential expression be-tween them were selected for target genes prediction,pathway analysis,and Gene Ontology analysis.The results showed that some genes were closely related to rat fetus terminal hindgut growth and development,such as Shh,Hoxd13,and so on.According to the differential expression of miRNAs and target genes analysis,miR -1 93 might have an important role in the Hoxd13 gene for anorectal development.Real -Time PCR and Western blot showed that the expression of Hoxd13 and its protein level were significantly decreased when miR -1 93 highly expressed in rat intestinal epithelial cells,and the difference was statistically significant compared with the control group(1 .00 ±0.1 2 vs 0.71 ±0.1 0) (0.88 ±0.06 vs 0.75 ±0.08)(t =3.329,3.1 30;P =0.029,0.01 1 ).Conclusions miRNAs probably have an im-portant regulatory role in their target gene expression in terminal hindgut development of fetal rats,and miR -1 93 can significantly inhibit the expression of Hoxd13 gene in rat intestinal epithelial cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 538-540, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387176

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effects of liver transplantation including living related liver transplantation for Caroli's disease (CD). Methods Seven consecutive patients with diffused type of Caroli's disease had undergone liver transplantation (LT) from September 1999 to February 2007 in our single center. The clinical characteristics and survival of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. Results All 7 patients were diagnosed as Caroli's disease with diffused type which manifested recurrent cholangitis in clinical symptoms. Among them, 4 were female and 3 male.The mean age was 16 years old (ranging from 10 to 31 years old). Six patients were subjected to conservative therapy and only one patient had previously undergone cholecystectomy and T tube drainage before transplantation. In types of surgery, 4 patients accepted split liver transplantation with right liver lobe, two got whole liver transplantation and only one underwent living related liver transplantation. In two patients venovenous bypass was done during the operation. The mean duration of surgery was 9. 1 h. Post-transplant complications included pulmonary infection (3 cases), acute rejection (2 cases), pleural effusion (2 cases) and biliary leakage in the split section of donor liver (1 case). One patient died within 19 days caused by acute renal failure and multiple organs dysfunction.The rest six patients are alive without any signs of recurrence of protopathy and the longest survival time is 7 years. Conclusion Liver transplantation is a valuable treatment to Caroli's disease with diffused type. Due to the organ shortage, living related liver transplantation may own identical effects on LT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Bases and Clinics in General Surgery ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547684

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the application and advancement of liver transplantation for hepatic metastasis from neuroendocrine tumor. Methods Domestic and overseas publications on the study of liver transplantation for hepatic metastasis from neuroendocrine tumor in recent years were collected and reviewed. Results Liver transplantation can offer good relief of symptoms, long disease-free intervals, and potential cure in individual patients with hepatic metastatic tumor. Important selection criteria are well-differentiated tumors and a low proliferation rate (Ki67

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675489

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of Grosse Kempf interlocking intramedullary nailing (Grosse Kempf IIN) and AO plate in the treatment of tibial fractures. Methods A retrospective analysis was done on the recovery of 55 cases with tibial fractures treated with the Grosse Kempf IIN (Group A) and 40 treated with AO plate (Group B) from 1994. Results The 10 26 months follow up showed that the healing rate and the infection rate were 98.2% (54/55) and 1.8% (1/55) respectively in the Group A with a mean healing time for 5.6 months and 90.0% (36/40) and 12.5% (5/40) respectively in the Group B with a mean healing time for 7.5 months. Conclusions The Grosse Kempf IIN has obvious advantage of excellent biodynamics, reliable fixation, simple operation, less trauma on regional blood supply and is more effective in the treatment of tibial fractures than the AO plate. Nevertheless, I IN itself has limitation for further application.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL