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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817721


@#【Objective】To explore the effects of liver dysfunction in the third trimester of pregnancy on maternal outcomes and identify the factors affecting the maternal prognosis.【Methods】We collected the clinical data of 1 113 women with liver dysfunction in the third trimester of pregnancy (case group) and 1 113 normal pregnancies (control group) from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2015 and December 2018. We compared the rates of cesarean section,premature delivery,placental abruption,postpartum hemorrhage and maternal mortality in the two groups,conducted the univariate and multivariate analysis for the case group and determined the prognostic risk factors by using Logistic regression. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve analysis was applied to estimate the value of each independent risk factor for predicting liver dysfunction-related maternal mortality. 【Results】The rates of cesarean section,premature delivery,placental abruption,postpartum hemorrhage in the case group were higher than those in the control group(P < 0.05),and the odds ratios(ORs)were 3.59 ,7.81 ,10.68 and 2.93 ,respectively. The maternal mortality in the case group(1.2%)was higher than that in the control group(0.0%)(P < 0.05). Logistic analysis revealed that high total bilirubin(TBIL),low prothrombin activity(PTA)and low fasting plasma glucose(FPG)were independent risk factors for liver dysfunction- related maternal mortality. The ROC curve analysis indicated that when TBIL was 235.4 μmol/L,the Youden′ s index in maximum was 0.331 with sensitivity of 0.818 and specificity of 0.513. When PTA was 20.5% ,the Youden′ s index in maximum was 0.366 with sensitivity of 0.821 and specificity of 0.545. When FPG was 3.11 mmol/L,the Youden′s index in maximum was 0.405 with sensitivity of 0.769 and specificity of 0.636.【Conclusion】Liver dysfunction in the third trimester of pregnancy has adverse effects on maternal outcomes. TBIL ,PTA and FPG are the factors affecting the maternal prognosis and may have certain predictive value for maternal death.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671569


ObjectiveTo determine the impact of lupus flares on maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnant patients with systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE).MethodsData was obtained from 46 pregnancies of 44 pregnant women with SLE.The relationship between lupus flares and pregnant outcomes,and the risk factors for adverse maternal and fetal prognosis were analyzed.T-test,X2 test or Fisher's exact test and Logistic regression were used for statistical analysis.Results① Lupus flares occurred in19(41%)pregnancies(group A) and stable lupus disease was observed in 27(59%) pregnancies(group B) during pregnancy.Compared to pregnancies in patients with stable lupus disease at the conception(n=32),pregnancies in patients with unstable lupus disease at the conception(n=8) had higher lupus flare during pregnancy( 100% vs 16%,P<0.05).(②) The common manifestations of lupus flares during pregnancy were lupus nephritis (LN) (11 cases),skin rashes (10 cases),arthritis (7 cases),and the common complication was infection ( 11 cases).(③) The incidence of premature labor,fetal growth retardation (FGR) and fetal loss in group A was 42%,47% and 26% respectively,which was significantly higher than that of the group B (7%,15% and 0 respectively)(P<0.05).There was no difference in the incidence of preeclampsia,fetal distress and neonatal asphyxia between the two groups ( 16% vs 7%,16% vs 19%,5% vs O,respectively,P>0.05).The incidence of premature labor and FGR in patients with active LN was higher than that of patients without active LN (55% vs 11%,64% vs 17%,respectively,P<0.05).(④)The binary Logistic regression analysis showed that renal impairment,hypocomplementemia,aPL and serum urea nitrogen level were independent risk factors for premature delivery,FGR,fetal loss and fetal distress.Conclusion(①) Lupus flares during pregnancy increase the incidence of premature labor,FGR and fetal loss.Active LN during pregnancy can increase the incidence of premature labor and FGR.② Renal impairment,hypocomplementemia,aPL and serum urea nitrogen level are associated with adverse fetal outcomes in pregnant patients with SLE.

National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 389-390, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238014


Papillary cystadenoma of the epididymis is a rare benign tumor, accounting for only 4 per cent of all epididymal tumors. Histologically, it can be confused with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. This extremely rare lesion may occur sporadically or as a manifestation of von Hippel-Lindau(VHL) disease. The present paper reported a case of papillary cystadenoma accompanied by testicular atrophy with no signs of VHL syndrome or infertility. To date, no similar case was reported in the literature. The tumor measured 5.0 cm x 4.0 cm x 4.0 cm and was located in the right epididymis. Histopathologic examination of a surgically removed specimen indicated a primary papillary cystadenoma. Histomorphologically, these tumors are characterized by cysts with colloid-like contents and papillary formations of light epithelium. Since metastatic renal cell carcinoma may be histologically similar to papillary cystadenoma, the importance of long-term urologic follow-up for possible presentation of renal cell carcinoma is discussed.

Adult , Atrophy , Cystadenoma, Papillary , Pathology , Epididymis , Genital Neoplasms, Male , Pathology , Humans , Male , Testis , Pathology
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 517-519, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237983


<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To study the occurrence of different anomalies associated with hypospadias and to instruct relevant treatment in clinical practice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three hundred and forty-one cases of hypospadias were investigated, all treated respectively corresponding to their specific anomalies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The morbidity of associated anomalies in cases of hypospadias was as high as 21.1%. Most of the anomaly cases were undescended testes and inguinal hernia, and the incidence of associated anomalies was related to the degree of hypospadias.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hypospadias is not just a local dysmorphic problem but rather a local manifestation of a systemic disease. It is necessary to take those associated anomalies as a systemic whole and attach enough importance to their clinical treatment.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Hypospadias , General Surgery , Male , Urogenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Urogenital Surgical Procedures , Methods