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China Pharmacist ; (12): 1878-1880, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705733


Objective: To establish an electrochemical method for the determination of phenol. Methods: An electrochemical workstation with three electrodes system was used with glassy carbon electrode as working electrode, Ag/AgCl as reference electrode and Pt as counter electrode. Cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry were used for the determination of phenol. Results:Under the condition of 4% Na2SO4as the supporting electrolyte, phenol showed an obvious oxidation peak on the glassy carbon elec-trode. The peak current increased linearly with the concentration of phenol within the range of 0. 8 μg·ml-1-10. 2 μg·ml-1( r=0. 997 5). The lower limit of detection was 0. 20 μg·ml-1. The average recovery was 101. 2% (RSD=2. 2% , n=6). Conclusion:The method is simple and accurate, and can be used for the determination of phenol.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618064


Objective To investigate the morbidity, diagnostic profile and perinatal outcome of pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) in 15 hospitals in Guangdong province. Methods A total of 41338 women delivered in the 15 hospitals during the 6 months,195 women with PGDM(PGDM group) and 195 women with normal glucose test result(control group)were recruited from these tertiary hospitals in Guangdong province from January 2016 to June 2016. The morbidity and diagnostic profile of PGDM were analyzed. The complications during pregnancy and perinatal outcomes were compared between the two groups. In the PGDM group, pregnancy outcomes were analyzed in women who used insulin treatment (n=91) and women who did not (n=104). Results (1)The incidence of PGDM was 0.472%(195/41338). Diabetes mellitus were diagnosed in 59 women (30.3%, 59/195) before pregnancy, and 136 women (69.7%,136/195) were diagnosed as PGDM after conceptions. Forty-six women (33.8%) were diagnosed by fasting glucose and glycohemoglobin (HbA1c) screening. (2) The maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), prenatal BMI, percentage of family history of diabetes, incidence of macrosomia, concentration of low density lipoprotein were significantly higher in PGDM group than those in control group (all P<0.05). Women in PGDM group had significantly higher HbA1c concentration((6.3±1.3)% vs (5.2±0.4)%), fasting glucose [(6.3±2.3) vs (4.8±1.1) mmol/L], oral glucose tolerance test(OGTT)-1 h glucose((12.6±2.9) vs (7.1± 1.3) mmol/L)and OGTT-2 h glucose [(12.0±3.0) vs (6.4±1.0) mmol/L] than those in control group (P<0.01). (3)The morbidity of preterm births was significantly higher (11.3% vs 1.0%, P<0.01), and the gestational age at delivery in PGDM group was significantly smaller [(37.6±2.3) vs (39.2±1.2) weeks, P<0.01]. Cesarean delivery rate in the PGDM group (70.8% vs 29.7%) was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.01). There was significantly difference between PGDM group and control in the neonatal male/female ratio (98/97 vs 111/84, P=0.033). The neonatal birth weight in PGDM group was significantly higher((3159±700) vs (3451±423) g, P<0.01). And the incidence of neonatal hypoglycemia in the PGDM group was higher than the control group (7.7% vs 2.6%, P=0.036).(4)In the PGDM group, women who were treated with insulin had a smaller gestational age at delivery [(36.9±2.9) vs (37.9±2.5) weeks, P<0.01], and the neonates had a higher neonatal ICU(NICU)admission rate (24.2% vs 9.6% , P<0.01). Conclusions The morbidity of PGDM in the 15 hospitals in Guangdong province is 0.472%. The majority of PGDM was diagnosed during pregnancy; HbA1c and fasting glucose are reliable parameters for PGDM screening. Women with PGDM have obvious family history of diabetes and repeated pregnancy may accelerate the process of diabetes mellitus. Women with PGDM have higher risk for preterm delivery and neonatal hypoglycemia. Unsatisfied glucose control followed by insulin treatment may increase the need for NICU admission.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673673


Objective To investigate the fetal haemolytic status when IgG antibody's efficiency of pregnant women was ≥1∶512 in blood group incompatibility. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the data of 6 pregnant women whose IgG antibody's efficiency were more than 1∶512 in blood group incompatibility. The levels of bilirubin, IgG antibody's efficiency and blood type in amniotic fluid from amniocentesis were examined. Umbilical blood bilirubin, blood type analysis and Coombs test of newborns were performed. Results Serum IgG antibody's efficiency of pregnant women did not correlate with the severity of haemolytic disease of newborn. Conclusions Fetal haemolytic disease can not be diagnosed only by serum IgG antibody's efficiency of pregnant women.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-533994


G mutation were intervened and avoided the occurrence of deafness,1 babies with 235delC homozygote was confirmed severe sensorineural hearing loss in the hearing screening.Conclusion Newborn gene screening make up the defects of missed diagnosis in simple hearing screening in finding the newborn babies with late-onset deafness or the high risk as well as the pathogenic carriers.So the hearing and gene screening were necessary in the current situation,and this screening strategy would be developed further in Henan province.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-517760


Objective To measure the fetal heart area and chest area in the same plane. To find out range of cardiothoracic ratio and the clinical value. Methods Among 750 normal pregnant women with gestational ages from 16 to 40 weeks underwent ultrasonographic measurement of the fetal heart and chest diameters and areas. The average value of the cardiothorcic ratio of the each gestational age's group was obtained by calculating. Results Both the heart area and the thorax area were highiy linearilized with the gestational age. The cardiothoracic ratio of each gestational age's group was around 0.20 and was not preponderated over 0.30. Conclusions Ultrasonic measurement of the fetal heart area and thorax area is one of the reliable biophysical parameter for estimating fetal age and growth in uterus. As the cardiothoracic ratio is over 0.30, congenital heart disease or fetal edema should be considered.