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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 570-575, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and analyze the health status of the elderly from physical health, mental health and social health, so as to understand the health status and health service needs of rural elderly.Methods:A total of 263 elderly people aged 60 years and over(mean aged 70.9±7.9 years, 113 males and 150 females, 125 aged 60-69 years, 98 aged 70-79 years and 40 aged 80 years and over)in Nanwangkong Village, Shaozhuang Town, Qingzhou City, Weifang City, Shandong Province were selected by cluster sampling method.The physical, mental, social and overall health status of the elderly were comprehensively evaluated and analyzed by self-designed questionnaire.Results:The overall health rate was 30%(79 cases), and the physical health, mental health and social health rates were 73.8%(194 cases), 84.0%(221 cases)and 34.6%(91 cases), respectively, in rural elderly in this area.The physical health was better in males than in females in 80~ years old groups( χ2=5.736, P<0.05). The overall health was better in males than in females in the total age group and the 60~69 years old groups( χ2=7.468 and 11.116, both P<0.01). The proportions of unhealthy, basic healthy and healthy people in the overall and the dimensions of physical health, mental health and social health had significant differences in the 60~69, 70~79 and 80~ years old groups( χ2=40.590, 29.342, 18.503 and 27.615, all P<0.01), and the Chi-square test for trend showed that there was a statistically significant downward trend of overall health grade distribution with age( χ2=21.994, 12.831, 16.570 and 22.595, both P<0.01). Conclusions:In this study, 30.0% of the rural elderly were considered healthy, 48.3% were basically healthy, and 21.7% were unhealthy.The health status of the elderly gradually deteriorates with age.The government should strengthen the multidimensional health assessment of the rural elderly and provide the comprehensive health guidance services and targeted interventions for the elderly in terms of disease control, psychological counseling and social participation.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 730-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the optimal process of ambi-extracting of Xinyi Powder and inclusion of volatile oil.Methods:Single factor experiment was used to optimize the extraction process of Xinyi Powder by taking crushing particle size, extraction times, the amount of water added and extraction time as the investigation factors. L 9(3 4) orthogonal test was used to optimize the inclusion process of volatile oil in Xinyi Powder. Results:The optimal extraction process of ambi-extracting of Xinyi Powder was as follows: the slices were not crushed, 10 times the amount of water was added, and extracted for 3 hours; the best inclusion process of volatile oil as follows: β-cyclodextrin:water=1:25, β-cyclodextrin:volatile oil=6:1, inclusion temperature 35 ℃, inclusion time 3 hours.Conclusion:The ambi-extracting process and volatile oil inclusion process are simple, stable and feasible.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 855-860, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and analyze elderly health on the physical, psychological and social dimensions, so as to understand the health status and care needs of community-dwelling elderly residents.Methods:A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Meiyuan community, Malianwa Street, Haidian District of Beijing during July 22 to August 26, 2021.A total of 404 people aged 60 and above(70.6±8.6 years old)including 169 men and 235 women were enrolled through cluster sampling.All information about community-dwelling elderly residents was collected with face-to-face interviews and a standardized structured questionnaire for the evaluation and analysis of their physical, mental, social and overall health.Results:The rate of overall healthy residents was 21.3%(86), and the rates of physically, mentally and socially healthy residents were 66.8%(270), 86.6%(350) and 24.3%(98), respectively, in this community.There was a sex difference in social health in the whole group( χ2=9.008, P=0.011)and a higher proportion of men than women were considered generally healthy( χ2=8.963, P=0.003). People in the three age groups(224 in the 60-69 group, 109 in the 70-79 group and 71 in the ≥80 group)showed statistically significant differences in overall, physical, mental and social health( χ2=18.473, 61.186, 43.026 and 18.310, P<0.001), which declined with increasing age( χ2=13.172, 23.515, 26.806 and 10.068, P<0.001 or 0.01). Conclusions:s The overall healthy rate is not high among community-dwelling elderly residents in Beijing.The health status of the elderly gradually deteriorates with age.Health assessment for the elderly should be emphasized and targeted health education and prevention should be provided to promote disease prevention and mental health.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 725-730, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957288

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a set of indexes for the assessment of healthy older adults in China, in order to provide a reference and basis for developing aging-related national policies, standardizing and guiding health management services for the elderly.Methods:A set of indexes for the assessment of healthy older adults in China was established based on a literature review, expert discussions, 2 rounds of Delphi surveys, expert consultations and a cross-sectional study assessing the indexes.Results:The positive coefficients for 2 rounds of expert consultations were 86.25%(69/80)and 94.52%(69/73), respectively.All surveyed experts(100%)specialized in the area of geriatric health and came from 22 provincial-level administrative regions in China.In the two rounds of consultations, the familiarity degree coefficients were 0.706-0.915 and 0.835-0.922, and the authority coefficients were 0.762-0.921 and 0.863-0.932, respectively.The mean importance scores of each index were 6.10-9.74 scores and 7.87-9.56 scores, with perfect score rates of 43%-99% and 75%-99%, respectively.The mean coefficients of variation(CV)were 0.19±0.05(0.07-0.34)and 0.16±0.03(0.10-0.21), respectively.The set of indexes for the assessment of healthy older Chinese adults covered multi-dimensions including physical health, mental health and social health, with 3 primary indexes, 11 secondary indexes and 17 tertiary indexes.Conclusions:The construction process of the set of indexes for the assessment of healthy Chinese adults was scientific and rigorous, and the panelists had a high level of agreement, strong authority and active participation.The set of indexes has comprehensive coverage and an inclusive framework, and indexes at each level are scientific and feasible.It can serve as a reference for the comprehensive assessment of health status of the elderly and for aging-related government policy formulation in the future.

5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 389-392, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004530

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To solve daratumomab interference with blood compatibility testing in multiple myeloma (MM) patients treated by daratumomab(DARA). 【Methods】 The irregular antibodies screening before and after the DARA treatment, and the major side crossmatch via coombs' test and polybrene method, respectively, were performed to resolve the nonspecific interference in a MM patient’s cross-matching test, produce by DARA. 【Results】 The initial panreactivity on the major side with agglutination (3+ ~4+ ), produce by DARA, was overcome by dithiothreitol (DTT) treatment, and turner out to be none agglutination. Otherwise, DARA had no effect on the crossmatch using polybrene method. 【Conclusion】 Antibody screening and identification should be conducted before DARA treatment in MM patients, and DARA interference with blood compatibility testing can be resolved by DTT treatment or the crossmatch using polybrene method.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 915-918, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the process of Chinese expert consensus on the core information on prevention of sarcopenia in the elderly(2021)in China, so as to realize the early diagnosis and treatment of sarcopenia and to improve the quality of life in the elderly.Methods:The index system framework was established by literature review and expert questionnaire discussion, and Delphi expert consultation method was adopted to construct the index system.Results:A total of 109 experts(128 person-times)in Geriatrics from various fields participated in Delphi expert consultation.Positive coefficient for four rounds of expert consultation were 88.9%, 100.0%, 100.0% and 100.0% respectively, with expert authority factors being concentrated on 0.78~0.90.Through 4 rounds of Delphi expert surveys, the core information index system for sarcopenia prevention in the elderly has been definitive: Chinese Expert Consensus(2021)consists of nine indicators including "enhancing public scientific awareness of myosis, and so on."Conclusions:The core information index system for sarcopenia prevention in the elderly has high levels of overall convergence, comprehensive coverage, strong authority, stability, comprehensiveness and popularity.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 726-732, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of multi-drug resistant organism(MDRO)infection in orthopedic trauma patients.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on clinical data of 95 orthopedic patients with in-hospital wound infection admitted to West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2020 to December 2020,including 71 males and 24 females at age of 14-70 years[(42.6 ± 13.8)years]. MDRO infection occurred in 38 patients(DRO group),while not in 57 patients(non-MDRO group). Etiological characteristics of wound infections were observed. Univariate analysis was used to compare variables between the two groups,including baseline data(gender,age,length of hospital stay,chronic comorbidity)and injury as well as hospitalization information(transfer from another hospital,emergency admission,time from injury to first treatment,open injury,combination with fracture,wound contamination,depth of wound,ICU stay,number of operations,cumulative operation time,type of incision,length of hospital stay before diagnosis of infection,type of antibiotics used,usage of hormones/immunosuppressive agents,level of hemoglobin/serum albumin/blood glucose on admission). Binary Logistic regression was used to analyze independent risk factors for MDRO infection.Results:A total of 119 pathogenic bacteria were detected on the wound,including 21 gram-positive cocci(18%),91 gram-negative bacilli(76%)and 7 others(6%). Top five strains were Acinetobacter baumannii,Enterobacter cloacae,Escherichia coli,Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Univariate analysis showed the two groups had significant differences in terms of length of hospital stay,wound contamination,ICU stay,length of hospital stay before diagnosis of infection,type of antibiotics used and levels of hemoglobin and serum albumin on admission( P < 0.05),but not in gender,age,hypertension,diabetes,transfer from another hospital and emergency admission( P > 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed MDRD infection was obviously correlated with the long hospital stay( OR = 1.033, 95%CI 1.005-1.061, P < 0.05),time from injury to first treatment over 6 hours( OR = 4.282, 95%CI 1.174-15.616, P < 0.05),types of antibiotics used ≥ 3( OR = 7.486, 95%CI 2.451-22.863, P < 0.05)and low level of hemoglobin on admission( OR = 0.973, 95%CI 0.962-0.985, P < 0.05). Conclusions:For orthopedic trauma patients,MDRO infection is independently associated with long hospital stay,time from injury to first treatment,type of antibiotics use and level of hemoglobin on admission,suggesting that decreased length of hospitalization,shortened time of first wound treatment,individualized and rational usage of antibiotics and timely correction of anemia are important measures to prevent MDRO infection.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 625-634, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878587

ABSTRACT

Microcystis aeruginosa, a type of algal bloom microalgae, is widely distributed in water, causing serious deteriorated effects on humans and the ecological environment. As a biocontrol microorganism, Bacillus subtilis can synthesize various bioactive substances through non-ribosomal peptide synthetase, to inhibit the growth of M. aeruginosa. Thus, it is imperative to investigate the non-ribosomal peptide (NRP) metabolites of B. subtilis fmb60. Three NRP metabolites from B. subtilis fmb60 including bacillibactin, surfactin and fengycin were extracted and identified by genome mining technology. The growth inhibition of M. aeruginosa was studied by adding various concentrations of NRP metabolites. The half-effect concentration value (EC50.4 d) of M. aeruginosa was 26.5 mg/L after incubation for 4 days. With the increasing concentration, the inhibitory effects of NRP metabolites of B. subtilis fmb60 on M. aeruginosa was enhanced significantly. Compared with the control group, with the addition of 50 mg/L NRP metabolites to the M. aeruginosa, the content of Fv/Fm, Fv/Fo and Yield parameter after cultured for 4 days were decreased by 2.8%, 1.7% and 2.0%, respectively. Those findings indicate that the NRP metabolites of B. subtilis fmb60 can significantly inhibit the photosynthesis and metabolism of M. aeruginosa, which provides a theoretical foundation for the development of biological algae inhibitor of B. subtilis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacillus subtilis , Microcystis , Peptides , Photosynthesis
9.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 523-528, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of gamma oscillation in chronic insomnia patients with anxiety and depression, and to investigate its underlying neural mechanism.Methods:According to the anxiety and depression scores, the subjects with chronic insomnia who met the diagnostic criteria were divided into chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression group ( n=19) and chronic insomnia group ( n=13). Healthy subjects matched with age, gender, and educational background were selected as the normal control group ( n=16). The EEGs from the three groups under resting state and cognitive load state were collected.The relative gamma power was then calculated by fast Fourier transform.The spatial distribution pattern of the gamma oscillation in the three groups was analyzed.Spearman correlation analysis was employed to quantify the correlation between relative gamma powers and sleep scale, anxiety and depression scale scores. Results:In the resting state, the relative gamma power in the chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression, chronic insomnia and normal control group was 0.192 1±0.008 0, 0.210 3±0.009 6, 0.237 3±0.006 4, respectively.In the cognitive load state, the relative gamma power in the three groups increased compared with those in the resting state (0.220 7±0.008 1, 0.249 5±0.009 8, 0.267 7±0.007 2, respectively) (all P<0.05). In the resting state, the relative gamma power (F3, F4, C3, C4, P3, P4, O2, F8, T4) in the chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression group (0.179 9±0.009 7) and the chronic insomnia group (0.194 4±0.010 4) was lower than that in control (0.236 0±0.012 0, P<0.05). In the cognitive load state, the relative gamma power (F3, C3, C4, P3, P4, T4) in the chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression group (0.207 3±0.009 7) was lower than that in control (0.259 1±0.009 4)( P<0.05). There was a significant negative correlation between the relative gamma power in the nodes(F3, C3, P3)and the insomnia, anxiety and depression in the three groups(correlation coefficient r=-0.467--0.274, P<0.05). Conclusion:Chronic insomnia patients with anxiety and depression are often accompanied by cognitive dysfunction.The loss of gamma oscillation in left posterior, left central and left apex may be one of the potential neural mechanisms of cognitive dysfunction in chronic insomnia patients with anxiety and depression.

10.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 292-297, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805025

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the quality of life and its influencing factors of patients with deep partial-thickness and above burns on head and face at discharge, and to guide clinical nurses to provide targeted nursing for patients.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 42 patients with deep partial-thickness and above burns on head and face who met the inclusion criteria. The patients were hospitalized from January 2014 to November 2017 in the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of our hospital and were selected by adopting the convenient sampling method. On the day before discharge, the Chinese version of the Abbreviated Burn Specific Health Scale was used to assess the scores in various fields of patients′ quality of life and total scores. The self-designed general situation questionnaire was used to investigate the gender, age, education level, occupation, marital status, cause of injury, and source of expenses of patients, and the scores in various fields of quality of life of patients in various general conditions and total scores were recorded. Data were processed with t test or one-way analysis of variance. The indicators with statistically significance in the total score difference in the above analysis were chosen, and multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to screen the factors influencing the quality of life of patients.@*Results@#Totally 42 groups of questionnaires were sent out and 42 groups of valid questionnaires were retrieved. The effective recovery rate was 100%. The total score of quality of life of patients at discharge was (49±10) points. The scores of general health status (57±23) points, social relations (56±18) points, physical function (49±17) points, and mental health (41±20) points were ranked from high to low. There were statistically significant differences in the scores of physical function, mental health, and general health status among patients of different age groups (F=8.115, 14.182, 19.285, P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of mental health, social relations, and general health status among patients with different educational levels (F=3.312, 51.176, 21.852, P<0.05 or P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of mental health and general health status among patients with different occupations (F=3.667, 2.947, P<0.05). The scores of mental health and social relations of married patients were significantly higher than those of unmarried patients (t=27.096, 4.885, P<0.05 or P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of physical function, mental health, social relations, general health status of patients with different causes of injury (F=3.000, 5.438, 4.005, 9.125, P<0.05 or P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of mental health and general health status of patients with different sources of expenses (F=10.456, 3.368, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The total scores of quality of life of patients with different gender and causes of injury were similar (t=0.407, F=1.145, P>0.05); there were statistically significant differences in the total scores of quality of life of patients of different age groups, with different education levels, occupations, sources of expenses, and marital status (F=2.947, 17.064, 9.324, 4.101, t=7.225, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that age, education level, occupation, marital status, and source of expenses were the factors influencing the quality of life of patients at discharge (t=-2.437, 8.037, -2.994, 5.016, 3.519, P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#The quality of life of patients with deep partial-thickness and above burns on head and face is at a low level at discharge. The influencing factors include age, education level, occupation, marital status, and source of expenses. Nurses should screen the relevant items when the patient is hospitalized. Emphasis should be laid on young, with undergraduate and above education, unmarried, self-funded patients, and those engaged in occupations with high facial requirements, to minimize the negative mood of patients, encourage them to face life, choose the right career, and improve their quality of life.

11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 332-338, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806692

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the measures and experience of treatment in mass extremely severe burn patients.@*Methods@#The clinical data and treatment of 8 extremely severe burn patients in August 2 Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident who were admitted in the 100th Hospital of PLA on August 2nd, 2014, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 4 males and 4 females, aging 22-45 (34±7) years, with total burn area of 55%-98% [(89±15)%] total body surface area (TBSA) and full-thickness burn area of 45%-97% [(80±21)%] TBSA. All the 8 patients were accompanied with severe shock, inhalation injury, and blast injury. According to the requirements of former PLA General Logistics Department and Nanjing Military Command, a treatment team was set up including a special medical unit and a special care unit, with Chai Jiake from the First Affiliated Hospital of PLA General Hospital as the team leader, Zheng Qingyi from the 175th Hospital of PLA (the Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xiamen University) as the deputy leader, the 100th Hospital of PLA as the treatment base, and burn care, respiratory, nephrology, nursing specialists from the First Affiliated Hospital of PLA General Hospital, and the burn care experts and nursing staff from the 180th Hospital of PLA, 118th Hospital of PLA, 98th Hospital of PLA, and 175th Hospital of PLA, and nurses from the 85th Hospital of PLA, 455th Hospital of PLA, 101th Hospital of PLA, 113th Hospital of PLA as team members. Treatment strategies were adopted as unified coordination by the superior, unified responsibility of team leader, division of labor and cooperation between team members, and multidisciplinary cooperation led by department of burns. With exception of one patient who received deep vein catheterization before admission, the other 7 patients were treated with deep vein catheterization 0.5 to 3.0 hours after admission to correct hypovolemic shock as soon as possible. Eight patients received tracheotomy, and 7 patients were treated with mechanical ventilation by ventilator in protective ventilation strategy with low tide volume and low volume pressure to assist breathing. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy was done one to three times for all the 8 patients to confirm airway injuries and healing status. Escharectomy and Meek dermatoplasty in the extremities of all the 8 patients were performed 3 to 6 days after injury for the first time. Escharectomy, microskin grafting, and covering of large pieces of allogeneic skin on the trunks of 4 patients were performed 11 to 16 days after injury for the second time. The broad-spectrum antibiotics were uniformly used at first time of anti-infective therapy, and then the antibiotics species were adjusted in time. The balance of internal environment was maintained and the visceral functions were protected. One special care unit was on responsibility of only one patient. Psychological intervention was performed on admission. The rehabilitative treatment was started at early stage and in company with the whole treatment.@*Results@#Acute renal injury occurred in 5 patients within 36 hours after injury and their renal function was restored to normal 4 days after injury due to active adjustment of fluid resuscitation program. No pulmonary complications, such as severe pulmonary infection and ventilator-associated pneumonia, occurred in the survived patients. One of the 8 patients died, and the other 7 patients were cured successfully. The wounds were basically healed in 2 patients in 26 or 27 days by 2 or 3 times of operation, and in 5 patients by 4 or 5 times of operation. The basic wound healing time was 26-64 (48±15) days for all the 7 patients.@*Conclusions@#Treatment strategies of unified coordination by the superior, unified responsibility of team leader, division of labor and cooperation between team members, and multidisciplinary cooperation led by department of burns are the bases to successful treatment. Correcting shock as soon as possible is the prerequisite and closing wound as soon as possible is the key to successful treatment. Comprehensive treatment measures, such as maintaining and regulating the function of viscera, improving the body immunity, and preventing and treating the complications, are the important components to successful treatment. It is emphasized that in the treatment of mass extremely severe burn patients, specialist burn treatment should always be in the dominant position, and other related disciplines may play a part in auxiliary function.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 761-767, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710000

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the antigen-specific T cell functionality in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods Peripheral blood from 38 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and 47 health controls (control group) have been collected. The proportions of CD4+and CD8+T cell as well as the ratio of CD4+/CD8+were monitored by flow cytometry. Meanwhile, antigen- nonspecific and specific Th1 responses were compared between two groups through detecting interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin 2 (IL-2), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α producing cells upon propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (PMA)/ionomycine and epstein-barr virus ( EBV) peptides stimulation, respectively followed by an intracellular cytokine staining. Results Compared to control group, the proportion of CD4+T cell and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+were significantly increased in type 2 diabetes mellitus group (P<0.05) whereas CD8+T cells exhibited no significant difference between two groups. Antigen-nonspecific Th1 responses in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were significantly decreased, demonstrated by lower percentages of IFN-γ, IL-2, and TNF-α producing CD4+T cells when compared to control group , while CD8+T cells in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients exhibited similar cytokine production patterns. However, when stimulated by EBV specific peptides, the percentages of IFN-γ, IL-2, and TNF-α producing CD8+T cells were significantly higher in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients than those in control group (P<0.05). HbA1Cwas positively correlated with the percentage of EBV-specific TNF-α producing CD8+T cells (P<0.05). Conclusion In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the secretion capacity of CD4+and CD8+T cell was significantly decreased and the antigen-specific responses represent the presence of an abnormal activated status, which indicates that chronic hyperglycemia may damage T cells function and aggravate chronic inflammation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 732-737, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709343

ABSTRACT

Objective To build a predictive model of depression with secondary mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in elderly patients based on current clinical diagnosis and treatment technology,and to analyze its application.Methods Elderly patients with depression hospitalized in three hospitals were consecutively included in our study from September 2013 to December 2015 for collecting relevant clinical data,and followed up for 18 months to confirm a prognosis.The follow-up results were used to predict influencing indices for secondary MCI risk,and to verify judgement effectiveness of the critical value of the relevant indices on the window of time of the secondary MCI.Results A total of 216 elderly patients with depression were included in this study,of whom 9 patients were lost to follow-up.Finally,27 patients had secondary MCI,and 180 patients had normal cognitive function during the follow-up period.Cox multiple regression analysis showed that the risk model of secondary MCI in elderly patients with depression was composed of age (HR:1.30,95 % CI:1.12-1.64,P =0.03),education years (HR:0.56,95 % CI:0.41-0.80,P =0.01),regular psychological treatment (HR:0.73,95% CI:0.58-0.92,P=0.03),and BSSI scale (HR:1.24,95% CI:1.08-1.56,P=0.03).Age and BSSI scale were risk factors,while education years and regular group psychotherapy were protective factors.For an elderly patient with depression who was characterized by age ≥ 72.3 years,education years <8.3 years,and BSSI scale ≥75.1,the window of time for secondary MCI was shorter,and these critical values of the independent factors had significant judgement effectiveness.Conclusions Age,education years,regular psychological treatment,and BSSI scale are independently influencing factors for secondary MCI in elderly patients receiving the treatment for depression.Furthermore,age ≥72.3 years,the education period <8.3 years,and BSSI scale ≥75.1 points are critical values of secondary MCI.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2246-2250, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667001

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level and its influencing factors of quality of life for burn patients undergoing amputation,and take treatment measures for clinical nursing. Methods The single factor analysis method was taken on the burn patients undergoing amputation in different social demographic characteristics from January 2013 to July 2016. Results The score of quality of life was (56.08 ± 17.97) points,and the four dimensions scored as physical function (63.64 ± 27.51) points, mental health(54.76±20.28)points,social relations(58.71±19.19)points and general health(46.00±18.61)points, which were at a low level.Multiple regression analysis showed that the influencing factors of quality of life were patient education, marital status, cost source, economic conditions, prosthetic replacement, and amputation site,which had a statistically significant difference between the effects on the quality of life(F/t=4.367,3.836,4.436,4.412,2.916,4.591,P<0.01)and into stepwise multiple regression equations.The patient′s age and career had statistically significant(F=3.495,3.640,P<0.05),but not into stepwise multiple regression euqtions. Conclusions Burn patients undergoing amputation are physical and spiritual double whammy,through to the influencing factors,clinical medical staff to be able to make this part of the population cause enough attention,enhancing the quality of life,strive for an early return to family and society.

15.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 333-336, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511531

ABSTRACT

The platelet gel (PG) is mainly made of platelet rich plasma (PRP), which has been increasingly and widely used as a source of growth factors .PG releases platelet derived growth factor , vascular endothelial cell growth factor , transforming growth factor β, epidermal growth factor , and insulin like growth factor 1.These growth factors are necessary for wound healing .Re-cently studies demonstrated that PRP and PG were effective in treating ulcers , burning, osteoarthritis and arthromeningitis .This article will review the bionomics , the mechanism of promoting wound healing and clinical applications of PG .

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 109-113, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484328

ABSTRACT

Aim To develop a HPLC method for the determination of the concentration of 1,8-TMP rhein in rat plasma and study the pharmacokinetics of 1,8-TMP rhein in rat plasma after single dose i. v. administration of 1,8-TMP rhein (2, 4, 8 mg·kg - 1 ). Methods Emodin was used as an internal standard. Plasma sam-ples were extracted with methanol and analyzed by HPLC. The mobile phase was methanol - 0. 1% for-mic acid water (78 ∶ 22, V/ V), with a flow rate of 1. 0 mL·min - 1 and UV 275 nm as the detection wave-length. The plasma concentration of 1,8-TMP rhein in rats was determined by HPLC after single-dose intrave-nous injection in rats with 2,4 and 8 mg·kg - 1 of 1,8-TMP rhein, and the pharmacokinetic parameters were caclulated by DAS 2. 1. Results The result of cali-bration curve was linear over the range of 0. 05 ~ 10. 00 mg·L - 1 (r = 0. 996 2). The lower limit of quantifica-tion was 0. 05 mg · L - 1 . The intra-day and inter-day precision (RSD% ) were both lower than 6% , and the extraction recoveries were higher than 88% , respec-tively. The validated method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study after i. v. administration of 1,8-TMP rhein in rats with a dose of 2,4 and 8 mg· kg - 1 . The T1 / 2 was (68. 35 ± 1. 36), (69. 32 ± 2. 1) and (69. 32 ± 2. 03) min, respectively. The AUC0 - t was ( 101. 03 ± 24. 90 ), ( 144. 79 ± 3. 29 ) and (231. 92 ± 19. 30 ) min · mg · L - 1 , respectively. Conclusion A simple and specific HPLC method for the analysis of 1,8-TMP rhein is successfully developed and applied to a pharmacokinetic study in rat plasma.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 505-510, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474013

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To investigate the effects of pathological products, urinary proteins and advanced glycosyla-tion end products ( AGE) produced in the progression of chronic kidney disease ( CKD) , on the structure and function of lysosomes in renal tubular epithelial cells ( TECs ) , and try to find a novel approach for preventing or delaying CKD. METHODS:The renal specimens of the untreated patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS), diabetic nephropathy (DN) or normal kidney were collected.The expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP1) and cathepsin B ( CB) was studied in TECs by indirect immunofluorescent staining.Human renal tubular epithelial cell line HK-2 was incubated with 8 g/L urinary proteins or 100 mg/L AGE.The expression of LAMP1 and CB was investigated by indirect immunofluorescence and the activity of CB and cathepsin L ( CL) was measured by biochemical and enzymatic as-says.The degradation of DQ-ovalbumin was also determined.RESULTS: The lysosomal membrane permeabilization oc-curred in the TECs of MCNS and DN patients.After treatment with urinary proteins or AGE-BSA, the lysosomal membrane permeabilization of the HK-2 cells was increased.The activity of CB and CL and degradation of DQ-ovalbumin were de-creased as compared with normal control group.CONCLUSION:The digestive function of lysosome was decreased and ly-sosomal membrane permeabilization occurred in the TECs exposed to urinary proteins and AGE, which might be a key factor to induce the tubulointerstitial fibrosis.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 133-40, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457280

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a common preventable and treatable disease, is characterized by airflow limitation that is usually progressive and associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response in the airways. Its main pathological manifestations include airway inflammation, mucus hypersecretion, oxidative stress and apoptotic epithelial cells. Recent research suggests that MAP kinases and Keap1-Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway are involved in the pathological process of inflammation and oxidative stress. This review explores the potential role of the cross talk of these signaling pathways in airway inflammation, mucus hypersecretion, oxidative stress and apoptotic epithelial cells. To clarify the roles of cross talk between MAP kinases and Keap1-Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway, we also focus on the drugs related to that in the treatment of COPD, and it provides ideas for more drug research in the treatment of COPD.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 722-725, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498985

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP)belongs to gastrointestinal drug-induced diseases.With the wide use of drugs,the number of drugs that may induce DIP is increasing.Since there are not specific clinical indicators for detecting DIP or a complete diagnostic and thera-peutic process for DIP,its diagnosis is often missed.The epidemiology and pathogenesis of DIP,as well as drugs inducing DIP and their classifications,are reviewed.It is stressed that careful collection of medication history of DIP patients and timely discontinuation of suspected pharmacological agents are the key to diagnosis and treatment of this disease,and the patients should be informed of the related drugs that in-duce DIP to prevent its recurrence.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 210-213, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443321

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a scientific system of core information of health and evaluation index for the elderly Chinese people,which is suitable for the situation of our country.Methods The framework was established by extensive literature review and topic discussions.The index system was constructed with the Delphi method.Results 58 experts in different fields of health were selected in the two rounds of Delphi consultation research.The effective response rates in the two rounds were 96.88% and 100% respectively.The average value of the authoritative coefficient was between 0.80 and 0.96.And coefficients of variation were between 6.20 and 12.13.Based on the Delphi consultation research,the core information of health and evaluation index system for the elderly Chinese people were composed of 8 primary indicators closely associated with the positive awareness of aging and senescence and 31 other indicators.Conclusions The architecture of the core information of health and evaluation index system for the elderly Chinese people is stable,and the consultant experts tend to reach a consensus.The evaluation index system contains the most influential factors for the elderly Chinese people,and has the affirmative scientificity,applicability and feasibility.

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