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1.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207951

ABSTRACT

Background: In India, the prevalence of primary infertility ranges from 3.9% to 16.8%. Male factor contributes 40-50% of this. Male factor infertility is indicated by decreased sperm concentration, reduced motility, vitality or abnormal sperm morphology. Semen analysis is the single most important investigation to detect male factor infertility. The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of abnormal semen parameters among males in infertile couples and their association with contributing factors.Methods: This cross-sectional hospital-based study was carried out in the Department of Pathology at Lady Hardinge Medical College and Smt. Sucheta Kriplani Hospital. A total of 400 cases were analyzed during a period of 6 months. Detailed history of the couple was taken. Semen analysis was done using automated semen analyzer (SQA-vision) after 3 days of abstinence according to the WHO 5th edition 2010 guidelines. The results were analysed using excel sheet and SPSS software.Results: In the present study, 122 cases (30.5%) out of 400 cases had abnormal semen parameters. Most common abnormality detected was asthenozoospermia (14.3%) followed by oligozoospermia (13.8%), azoospermia (10.5%) and teratozoospermia (10.5%). There was significant association of alcohol intake, obesity and trauma with abnormal semen parameters.Conclusions: Asthenozoospermia was the most common abnormality noted in this study. Lifestyle modifications along with timely medical attention in male partners of infertile couples can improve the semen quality.

2.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-190754

ABSTRACT

Solitary Parathyroid adenomas have a diverse clinical presentation. They may be asymptomatic or may sometimes lead to extensive bony resorption and replacement of bone by fibrous tissue, also known as a brown tumor. Brown tumor is a relatively rare presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism and is even rarer in a younger age group. Here, we report the case of a 20-year-old female presenting with craniofacial brown tumor and during the course of hospital stay; she also developed an attack of acute pancreatitis due to hyperparathyroidism. This case report emphasizes the importance of a complete investigative work up in patients presenting with maxillofacial bony lesions for early diagnosis and planning of definitive management.

3.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-178787

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: The proto-oncogene HER2/neu has been extensively studied in breast cancer patients. Serum levels of HER2/neu by ELISA in breast cancer patients were compared with tissue HER2/neu expression and with other clinicopathological parameters with the aim to investigate whether the serum assay could replace the established tests (IHC/FISH) for HER-2 status. Methods: Blood and Tru-cut biopsy samples were collected for determining HER2/neu status in 64 breast cancer patients. The tissue specimens were processed routinely and immunohistochemistry (IHC) for HER2/ER/PR (oestrogen/progesterone receptors) performed. Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) was performed on all HER2/neu 2 positive cases. Sixty age matched healthy females and females with benign breast disease were taken as controls for ELISA. Results: Of the 64 breast cancer cases, 25 (39.1%) had elevated serum HER2/neu levels accompanied with increased tissue expression of HER2/neu receptors. On IHC, HER2/neu score was 3+ in 24 (37.5%) cases, 2+ in three (4.6%), 1+ in 18 (28.1%); while 19 cases (29.7%) showed no HER2/neu expression. Of the three 2+ cases on IHC, two showed amplification on FISH. Twenty one (32.8%) patients were ER positive and 17 (26.6%) were PR positive. There was a significant correlation (P<0.001) of serum HER2 concentration with tumour size, lymph node involvement, stage of disease and histological grade. Serum HER2/neu levels showed a negative correlation with ER status (P=0.047) but no correlation with PR status. Interpretation & conclusions: The results suggest that elevated serum HER2 level was associated with a clinicopathological aggressive phenotype of breast carcinoma and was related to tissue HER2 overexpression. Therefore, serum HER2 may be useful for monitoring the course of the disease and response to treatment.

4.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2016 Jan-Feb; 82(1): 53-56
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-169985

ABSTRACT

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a common childhood T-cell and B-cell neoplasm that originates primarily from lymphoid tissue. Cutaneous involvement can be in the form of a primary extranodal lymphoma, or secondary to metastasis from a non-cutaneous location. The latter is uncommon, and isolated cutaneous involvement is rarely reported. We report a case of isolated secondary cutaneous involvement from nodal anaplastic large cell lymphoma (CD30 + and ALK +) in a 7-year-old boy who was on chemotherapy. This case is reported for its unusual clinical presentation as an acute febrile, generalized papulonodular eruption that mimicked deep fungal infection, with the absence of other foci of systemic metastasis.

5.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2014 Apr-Jun 57 (2): 281-283
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-156031

ABSTRACT

Apocrine hidrocystomas (AHC) are uncommon cystic lesions of apocrine glands and are most often solitary. They are usually found in the head and neck region. Multiple AHC have been rarely reported in the literature usually in the eyelids and face. On extensive search of literature, we came across only a single case report of multiple axillary AHC. We report a case of a 31-year-old female who presented with fullness and discomfort in bilateral axillae, so a clinical diagnosis of bilateral accessory breast was made. However on histopathological examination, it turned out to be bilateral multiple AHC associated with apocrine hyperplasia.

7.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2009 Apr-Jun; 52(2): 213-4
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-74149

ABSTRACT

Cystic hydatid disease may develop in almost any part of the body. Approximately 70% of the hydatid cysts are located in the liver followed by the lung (25%). The kidneys, spleen, mesentry, peritoneum, soft tissues and brain are uncommon locations for hydatid cysts. Renal involvement in echinococcosis is extremely rare. Hydatiduria accompanies only 10-20% of all cases of renal hydatidosis and is usually microscopic. Gross hydatiduria is an exceptional presentation of hydatidosis. We report an exceptionally rare case of multiple hydatidosis with cysts in the liver, spleen, kidney and peritoneal cavity, presenting with gross hydatiduria.

8.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-142958

ABSTRACT

Omental mesentric myxoid hamartomas are benign infantile lesions, however they may simulate a malignant tumour both clinically and pathologically. Here, we report the case of an omental myxoid hamartoma in a 10-months old infant which was per operatively suspected to be a malignant retroperitoneal tumour, due to adhesions with the surrounding structures as well as the presence of satellite nodules.

9.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2008 Oct-Dec; 51(4): 519-20
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-73514

ABSTRACT

Ectopic decidual reaction is commonly seen in the ovary and cervix; however, peritoneal localization is rare. Peritoneal deciduosis is usually an incidental histological finding. It may present a diagnostic dilemma by mimicking grossly peritoneal carcinomatosis or tubercles and deciduoid mesothelioma, microscopically. We report three cases of ectopic decidual reaction discovered incidentally during caesarian sections, as whitish yellow nodules resembling tubercles. Histology revealed extensive decidualisation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of ectopic decidua mimicking peritoneal tubercles.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Choristoma/diagnosis , Decidua/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Incidental Findings , Omentum/pathology , Peritonitis, Tuberculous/diagnosis , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis
10.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2007 Oct; 50(4): 875-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-75426

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour formerly also known as inflammatory pseudotumour, was recognized initially in the lung and has been described in other visceral organs. It's occurrence in the subcutis is not well documented and its cytological appearance may be misinterpreted as malignant. This is the first case report of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the subcutis in pediatric age group. A 12 year old female child presented with a subcutaneous swelling in the left anterior chest wall. FNA was performed and the cytological appearances were interpreted as malignant. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the subcutis. FNA cytology is not very helpful in distinguishing inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour from malignant lesions especially soft tissue sarcomas. Awareness of it's occurrence in the subcutis is of importance for it's proper identification and treatment.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Child , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/diagnosis , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Thoracic Wall/pathology
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