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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of controlled low central venous pressure (CLCVP) in laparoscopic hepatectomy within an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programme.Methods:Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients, of liver function Child-Pugh grade A, with New York Heart Association classⅠor Ⅱ, scheduled for elective laparoscopic hepatectomy with an expected surgery time 3-5 h, were divided into 2 groups ( n=30 each) using a random number table method: CLCVP-ERAS group (group CE) and routine ERAS group (group E). In group CE, the central venous pressure was maintained less than 5 cmH 2O through using restricted fluid replacement, adjusting the position, giving the vasodilator and etc.In group E, the central venous pressure was maintained at 5-12 cmH 2O.Arterial blood samples were then collected before operation and at 1 and 4 days after operation for determination of parameters of hepatic and renal functions.The volume of fluid infused before and after liver resection, total volume of intraoperative fluid infused, blood loss, blood transfusion, duration of surgery, postoperative time to first flatus, off-bed time, length of hospitalization and total cost of hospitalization were recorded. Results:Compared with group E, the volume of fluid infused before liver resection, total volume of intraoperative fluid infused, blood loss, and blood transfusion were significantly decreased, the volume of fluid infused after liver resection was increased, the duration of surgery, time to first flatus after operation, off-bed time and length of hospitalization were shortened, and the total cost of hospitalization was reduced ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters of hepatic and renal functions in group CE ( P>0.05). Conclusion:CLCVP is helpful for the rapid recovery of patients without obvious adverse reactions when used for laparoscopic hepatectomy within an ERAS programme.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1077-1081, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734625

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of intelligentized patient-controlled analgesia ( PCA) management on the quality of postoperative analgesia in the patients. Methods A total of 6601 patients who underwent postoperative PCA from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017 searched from the intelli-gentized PCA system database were selected as intelligentized PCA management group ( I group) , and then were divided into 3 subgroups according to the year: 2015 subgroup ( n=2221 ) , 2016 subgroup ( n=2152) and 2017 subgroup (n=2228). A total of 1235 patients who underwent PCA which was mainly performed by a department of anesthesiology in the postoperative analgesia-related multi-center questionnaire from April 11, 2016 to April 22, 2016 in 12 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province were select-ed as the traditional PCA management group (C group). The development of moderate and severe pain, nausea and vomiting, over-sedation at rest and during activity and patient′s satisfaction were recorded on 1st and 2nd days after operation. Results Compared with C group, the incidence of moderate and severe pain, nausea and vomiting and over-sedation at rest and during activity was significantly decreased, and the rate of patient′s satisfaction was increased at each time point after operation in I group ( P<0. 05 or 0. 01) . Com-pared with 2015 subgroup, the incidence of moderate and severe pain at rest and severe pain during activity was significantly decreased in 2016 and 2017 subgroups ( P<0. 05 or 0. 01) , and the incidence of nausea and vomiting was significantly increased in 2017 subgroup ( P<0. 05) . Compared with 2016 subgroup, the incidence of nausea and vomiting was significantly increased in 2017 subgroup (P<0. 05). Conclusion Intelligentized PCA management can improve the efficacy of PCA, mitigates the occurrence of adverse reac-tions and raise the quality of postoperative analgesia in the patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610975

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasonographic measurement of the transverse diameter of the cricoid cartilage in selecting the cuffed endotracheal tube (ETT) size for pediatric patients.Methods A total of 120 pediatric patients of both sexes,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,aged 1 month-6 yr,with body mass index of 10.9-31.2 kg/m2,undergoing endotracheal intubation and general anesthesia,were divided into group A and group B,with 60 pediatric patients in each group.The pediatric patients were intubated with a cuffed ETT in two groups.The ETT size was selected based on the transverse diameter of the cricoid cartilage measured by ultrasonography in group A.The ETT size was selected according to the age-based formula in group B.A tracheal leak was detected after intubation to determine whether or not the ETT size selected was appropriate.ETTs were replaced when the actually selected ones were not appropriate,and the number of replacement was recorded.The development of intubation-related complications was also recorded.Results The accurate rate of cuffed ETT size selected at the first time was 95% in group A,and it was significantly higher than that in group B (60%) (P< 0.05).There was no significant difference in the incidence of intubation-related complications between the two groups (P>0.05).Conclusion Uhrasonographic measurement of the transverse diameter of the cricoid cartilage produces higher accuracy in selecting the cuffed ETT size for pediatric patients and is worthy of clinical application.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621482

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the optimal dose of dexmedetomidine for intravenous analgesia after open radical resection of intestinal neoplasms when mixed with flurbiprofen axetil and butorphanol.Methods A total of 120 patients of both sexes,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,aged 20-60 yr,weighing 45-80 kg,undergoing elective open radical resection of intestinal neoplasms,were divided into 4 groups (n =30 each) using a random number table:control group (group C)and different doses of dexmedetomidine groups (group DEX1,group DEX2,group DEX3).Group C received flurbiprofen axetil 2 mg/kg and butorphanol 0.05 mg/kg for intravenous analgesia.In DEX1,DEX2 and DEX3 groups,dexmedetomidine 0.3 μg/kg was intravenously infused starting from 30 min before the end of surgery,and the analgesia solution contained dexmedetomidine 1,2 and 3 μg/kg,respectively,which was mixed with flurbiprofen axetil 2 mg/kg and butorphanol 0.05 mg/kg in 100 ml of 0.9% normal saline,and the mixture was infused at a rate of 2 ml/h.Butorphanol 0.5 mg was intravenously injected as a rescue analgesic,postoperative pain was assessed using the visual analog scale at coughing,and visual analog scale score was maintained <4.The requirement for rescue analgesics was recorded within 48 h after operation.The occurrence of postoperative adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting,respiratory depression,somnolence,bradycardia,hypotension and over-sedation,patient's satisfaction with analgesia and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded.Results Compared with group C,the rate of rescue analgesia after operation was significantly decreased,and the degree of satisfaction with analgesia was increased in DEX2 and DEX3 groups,and the incidence of postoperative somnolence was significantly increased in group DEX3 (P<0.05).No other adverse effects were found in DEX1,DEX2 and DEX3 groups.Conclusion When mixed with flurbiprofen axetil and butorphanol,the optimal dose of dexmedetomidine for intravenous analgesia after open radical resection of intestinal neoplasms is 2 μg/kg.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476459

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of pressure support ventilation ( PSV ) in the infants undergoing laparoscopic hernia repair under sevoflurane anesthesia. Methods Thirty ASA physical statusⅠpediatric children, aged 9 months-1 yr, weighing 8.0-11.5 kg, undergoing elective laparoscopic hernia repair, were randomly assigned into 3 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table: pressure control ventilation ( PCV) used for muscle relaxants in combination with low?concentration sevoflurane group ( group PCV1 ) , PCV used for high?concentration sevoflurane group ( group PCV2 ) , and PSV used for low?concentration sevoflurane group ( group PSV) . Anesthesia was induced with inhalation of 4%-6%sevoflurane and iv fentanyl 2 μg∕kg and succinylcholine 1.5 mg∕kg. The pediatric children were endotracheally intubated and mechanically ventilated. In PCV1 and PCV2 groups, PCV was used during operation. In group PSV, PCV was used first after intubation, and then PSV was applied after spontaneous breathing recovered. Anesthesia was maintained as follows: in group PCV1 , the end?tidal concentration of sevoflurane was maintained at 2.5% - 3.0%, and cisatracurium besylate 0.1 mg∕kg was injected intermittently as required; in group PCV1 , the end?tidal concentration of sevoflurane was maintained at 3.5%-4.0%; in group PSV, the end?tidal concentration of sevoflurane was maintained at 2.5%-3.0%, and succinylcholine 1.0 mg∕kg was injected intravenously before pneumoperitoneum. Narcotrend index value was maintained at 50-60 in PCV1 and PSV groups, or at 37-45 in PCV2 group. Heart rate ( HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were recorded before induction of anesthesia (baseline), at the beginning of pneumoperitoneum, at 5 and 10 min of pneumoperitoneum, at the end of pneumoperitoneum, at the end of operation and immediately after extubation. The time interval from the end of surgery to extubation was recorded. Results Pulse oxygen saturation was 100% during anesthesia, and>95% during recovery from anesthesia in the three groups. Compared with the baseline value, HR was significantly faster, and MAP was increased during extubation in PCV1 and PCV2 groups, and no significant change was found in HR and MAP at each time point in group PSV. The time interval from the end of surgery to extubation was 30.3± 5.4, 18.4±4.3 and (4.1±1.2) min in PCV1, PCV2 and PSV groups, respectively. Compared with PCV1 and PCV2 groups, the time interval from the end of surgery to extubation was significantly shortened in group PSV. Conclusion When PSV is applied in the infants undergoing laparoscopic hernia repair under sevoflurane anesthesia, it can provide adequate ventilation, recovery from anesthesia is rapid, and no cardiovascular responses occur during extubation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451479

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of isoflurane anesthesia on inflammatory responses and long-term cognitive function in the hippocampi of neonatal rats .Methods Forty-six Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes , aged 7 days ,weighing 12-17 g ,were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=23 each):control group (group C) and isoflurane anesthesia group (group I ) .In group I ,the rats were exposed to 2.5% isoflurane for 3 min to induce anesthesia and then exposed to 1.5% isoflurane for 4 h to maintain anesthesia ,while in group C the rats were only exposed to air for 4 h .Eight rats in each group were sacrificed and hippocampi were removed for determination of the levels of interleukin-6 ,interleukin-1βand tumor necrosis factor-α.Open field and Morris water maze tests were carried out three weeks later in the left rats .Results Compared with group C ,the escape latency was significantly prolonged ,the time of staying at the central region was shortened ,the time of staying at the border region was prolonged ,the total distance was reduced , and the contents of interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-αwere increased in group I ( P<0.05) .Conclusion Isoflurane anesthesia results in decreased cognitive function ,which may be related to promotion of inflammatory responses in the hippocampi of neonatal rats .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446842

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of ulinastatin pretreatment on cognitive dysfunction induced by chronic exposure to ketamine in immature mice.Methods Thirty-six healthy male C57BL/6 mice,aged 21 days,weighing 20-30 g,were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =12 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),ketamine group (group K),and ulinastatin pretreatment group (group U).In K and U groups,ketamine 30 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally three times a day at 30-minute intervals for 21 consecutive days,while in group U,ulinastatin 50 000 U/kg was injected intraperitoneally at 30 min before the first injection of ketamine everyday.Cognitive function was assessed using Morris water maze and open field tests at 24 h after the last administration of ketamine.Mice in each group were sacrificed immediately after the end of the tests and hippocampi were harvested to determine the contents of interleukin-6 (IL-6),IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) using ELISA.Results Compared with group C,the escape latency was significantly prolonged,the time spent in the original platform and in the central area for the open field was shortened,the frequency of crossing the original platform was decreased,and the contents of IL-1,IL-6,and TNF-α were increased in group K (P < 0.05),while there were no significant differences in the indexes mentioned above in group U (P > 0.05).Compared with group K,the escape latency was significantly shortened,the time spent in the original platform and in the central area for the open field was prolonged,the frequency of crossing the original platform was increased,and the contents of IL-1,IL-6,and TNF-α were decreased in group U (P < 0.05).Conclusion Ulinastatin pretreatment can improve cognitive dysfunction induced by chronic exposure to ketamine in immature mice,and inhibition of inflammatory responses in hippocampi may be involved in the mechanism.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438852

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of stageⅢdiabetic nephropathy(DN)treated by Qizhi Jiangtang capsule and explore its potential mechanism. Methods According to digital table method,the patients who conformed to the diagnostic criteria of stageⅢDN were randomly divided into two groups:an experiment group and a control group. All the patients in the two groups took elution treatment for 2 weeks,and then were treated with western basic therapy. The patients in the experiment group were administered orally with Qizhi Jiangtang capsule(2.5 g once, 3 times a day),while those in the control group treated with valsartan 80 mg,once a day. Urine microalbumin(mALB), mALB/urine creatinine(UCr),β2-microglobulin(β2-MG),α1-microglobulin(α1-MG)were observed in the two groups,endothelin-1(ET-1),nitric oxide(NO),thromboxane B2(TXB2),6-keto prostaglandin F1α(6-keto-PGF1α) were also determined. Serum creatinine(SCr),blood urea nitrogen(BUN),serum cystatin-C(Cys-C),retinol-binding protein(RBP),β2-MG were detected in the blood biochemistry automatic analyzer. These laboratory markers were inspected before treatment and at the 4th,8th and 12th week after treatment. Results Ninety-six patients in the experiment group and 95 patients in the control group were effectively included in the end. Before treatment,there were no statistic significant differences in urine mALB,mALB/UCr,β2-MG,α1-MG and blood ET-1,NO,TXB2, 6-keto-PGF1α between two groups(all P>0.05). Along with the prolongation of treatment,urine mALB,mALB/UCr,β2-MG,α1-MG and ET-1,TXB2 were significantly reduced,while NO,6-keto-PGF1α were significantly raised in the two groups after treatment,and the above changes in the experimental group were more obvious. There were statistic significant differences of mALB,mALB/UCr,β2-MG,α1-MG and TXB2,6-keto-PGF1αbetween two groups at the 12th week after treatment〔mALB(mg/L):36.6±9.2 vs. 78.6±16.5,mALB/UCr(mg/mmol):3.90±1.97 vs. 9.70±2.90,β2-MG(mg/L):0.25±0.10 vs. 0.40±0.12,α1-MG(mg/L):8.40±2.26 vs. 12.50±3.21,TXB2 (ng/L):75.8±18.7 vs. 94.7±21.7,6-keto-PGF1α(ng/L):73.4±15.2 vs. 65.2±11.5,P0.05〕. In each of the two groups,the comparisons of the levels of SCr,BUN before and after treatment,there was no statistical significant difference at any time point;the same comparisons between the two groups,there was also no statistic significant difference before treatment and at each of the same time-point after treatment(all P>0.05). The levels of Cys-C,RBP andβ2-MG of the control group after treatment had the tendency of decreasing,but no statistic significant differences were found(all P>0.05). The levels of Cys-C,RBP,β2-MG of the experimental group at the 12th week after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment〔Cys-C(mg/L):0.72±0.07 vs. 0.89±0.12,RBP (mg/L):53.0±14.2 vs. 66.1±16.5,β2-MG(mg/L):1.86±0.71 vs. 2.79±0.82,all P<0.05〕. Conclusions Qizhi Jiangtang capsule can significantly reduce the levels of urine mALB and mALB/UCr of patients with stageⅢDN and stabilize their renal functions;its therapeutic effect is better then that of valsartan. Its mechanisms are related to the reduction of ET-1,elevation of NO,maintenance of dynamic equilibrium of thromboxane A2/prostacycline(TXA2/PGI2) and protection of vascular endothelial cells.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431107

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of jet endotracheal tube (JET) designed by Wei (WEI JET) for tracheal intubation.Methods One hundred and two ASA Ⅰ-Ⅲ and Cormack & Lehane grade Ⅰ-Ⅳ patients of both sexes,aged 15-50 yr,weighing 40-99 kg,requiring tracheal intubation under general anesthesia,were randomly allocated into 2 groups (n =51 each):conventional tracheal tube group (group C) and WEI JET group (group WJ).Groups C and WJ were further divided into 2 subgroups according to Cormack & Lehane grade:difficult airway subgroup (n =16) and non-difficult airway subgroup (n =35).The patients were tracheal intubated with the common Kendall endotracheal tube in group C.Jet ventilation (driving pressure 100 kPa,frequency of ventilation 15 bpm,I∶ E =1∶2) was performed and the patients were simultaneously tracheal intubated with WEI JET of the same internal diameter in group WJ.PETCO2 was recorded immediately after mechanical ventilation.The success rate of tracheal intubation at first attempt and time spent were recorded.The complications were also recorded within 24 h after extubation.Results Compared with group C,the intubation time was significantly prolonged,and the success rate of tracheal intubation at first attempt was increased in patients with a difficult airway than that in the patients without difficult airways in group WJ (P < 0.01).There was no significant difference in PETCO2 recorded immediately after mechanical ventilation,intubation time and the success rate of tracheal intubation at first attempt between the patients with a difficult airway and the ones without difficult airways in group WJ (P > 0.05).PET CO2 recorded immediately after mechanical ventilation was significantly higher and the success rate of tracheal intubation at first attempt was lower in the patients with a difficult airway than in the patients without difficult airways in group C (P < 0.01).No severe barotrauma such as pneumothorax,mediastinal emphysema and subcutaneous emphysema occurred in group WJ.There was no significant difference in the incidences of laryngospasm,sore throat,and flatulence between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion WEI JET can not only provide adequate ventilation safely and effectively in patients requiring tracheal intubation under general anesthesia,but also increase the probability of successful tracheal intubation in patients with a difficult airway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1293-1296, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430278

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of parecoxib sodium combined with epidural morphine for multi-mode analgesia after gynecologic operation in a randomized,double-blind,placebo-controlled,multicenter,prospective study.Methods Two hundred and forty ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ female patients,aged 18-64 yr,scheduled for elective gynecologic operation under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia,were randomly divided into 2 groups:control group (group C) and parecoxib sodium group (group P).Normal saline 2 ml or parecoxib sodium 40 mg was injected intravenously 30 min before the start of operation and was injected again 12,24 and 36 h later.Patient-controlled epidural analgesia with morphine was used for postoperative analgesia in both groups.VAS score was maintained ≤ 3 after operation.When VAS score > 4,tramadol was injected as rescue analgesic.The number of attempts,the number of successfully delivered doses,the amount of morphine used,requirement for the rescue analgesic within 48 h after operation and patient' s satisfaction at 48 h after operation were recorded.Blood samples were taken at 48 h after operation for determination of serum creatinine (Cr),blood urea nitrogen (BUN),alanine aminotransferase (ALT),aspartate transaminase (AST),total bilirubin levels and coagulation function.The abnormality in the parameters was recorded.The adverse effects (nausea,vomiting,pruritus) and recovery of gastrointestinal function were recorded within 48 h after operation.Results Of the 225 patients who completed the study,there was 112 cases in group P and 113 cases in group C.Compared with group C,the number of attempts,the number of successfully delivered doses,amount of morphine used and requirement for the rescue analgesic were significantly decreased,the satisfaction score was increased and the incidence of postoperative vomiting was decreased in group P (P < 0.05 or 0.01).There was no significant difference in the incidence of nausea and pruritus,recovery of gastrointestinal function,and abnormality in the parameters of liver and kidney functions and coagulation function between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion Parecoxib sodium combined with epidural morphine can be safely and effectively used for multi-mode analgesia after gynecologic operation and reduce the requirement for morphine and side effects of morphine.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427268

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of isoflurane anesthesia on proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) in the dentate gyrus of neonatal rats.Methods Ten SD rats,aged 7 days,weighing 16-20 g,were randomly divided into 2 groups ( n =5 each):control group (group C) and isoflurane group (group 1) .The rats in group Ⅰ inhaled 2.5% isoflurane for 3 min for induction and then anesthesia was maintained with 1.5 % isoflurane for 4 h,while the rats in group C only breathed the room air for 4 h.Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) 100 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally right before the induction and after the end of administration to label NSCs and their progeny in the dentate gyrus.At 24 h after the 2nd administration of BrdU,double immunofluorescence for BrdU and NeuroD (a marker of neuroblasts and immature neurons) was used to assess NSC proliferation and neuronal differentiation.Results Compared with group C,the number of BrdU+ cells in group Ⅰ was significantly decreased,whereas the fraction of NeuroD+/BrdU+ differentiated cells was increased in the dentate gyrus( P < 0.05 or 0.01 ).Conclusion Isoflurane anesthesia suppresses the proliferation of NSCs and induces neuronal differentiation of NSCs in the dentate gyrus of neonatal rats.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426456

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of isoflurane anesthesia on the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) in neonatal rat hippocampus.MethodsForty-eight SD rats of both sexes,aged 7 days,weighing 12-17 g,were randomly divided into 2 groups ( n =24 each):control group (group C) and isoflurane anesthesia group (group Ⅰ).In group Ⅰ,the rats were exposed to2.5% isotlurane for 3 min and then 1.5% isoflurane was inhaled for 4 h,while in group C the rats were exposed to air for4 h.Arterial blood samples were collected immediately after anesthesia for blood gas analysis and for determination of the blood glucose concentration.Five rats in each group were sacrificed at 0,6,24 and 48 h after anesthesia (T1-4) and hippocanpi were removed for determination of the expression of potassiumchloride cotransporter 2 (KCC2),potassium-chloride cotrmsporter 1 (NKCC1),BDNF and p-ERK by Western blot.NKCC1/KCC2 ratio was calculated.ResultsAcid-base imbalance,hypoxemia and glycopenia were not found immediately after anesthesia in both groups.Compared with group C,KCC2 expression was significantly down-regulated and NKCC1/KCC2 ratio was increased at T3 and T4,and the expression of BDNF and p-ERK was dewn-regnlated at T1 and T2 in group Ⅰ (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in NKCCI expression at each time point between groups Ⅰ and C ( P > 0.05 )、ConclusionIsoflurane anesthesia delays the neuronal development in neonatal rat hippocampus through down-regulating the expression of BDNF and p-ERK.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414240

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of propofol on the development of spatial learning and memory and neuron proliferation of neonatal rats at different doses. Methods 60 neonatal rats were divided into four groups among per litter by using a randomized block design. Three different doses of propofol group were induced with propofol 10 mg/kg( group P10) ,50 mg/kg( group P50) or 50 mg/kg twice( group P50D) by subcutaneous injection respectively. Neuron proliferation at dentate gyrus was detected by using BrdU marker 3 days later.Morris water maze test was carried out on postnatal day 28. Escape latency,time in probe quadrant were recorded.Results Compared to the control group,neuron marked with BrdU at dentate gyrus in group P50D was significantly decreased( (840±76) vs (225 ±66), P<0.05) ,group P10 was significantly increased( (840 ±76) vs ( 1225± 154), P<0.05). Compared to the control group,latency of group P50D was significantly increased( ( 15.12 ±3.43 ) s vs (42.68 ± 6. 18 ) s, P < 0. 05 ), time in probe quadrant of group P50D were significantly decreased ( ( 55.66 ± 8.57 ) s vs (32. 18 ± 5. 38 ) s, P< 0. 05 ). Compared to the control group, there was no significant difference between group P50 and group P10. Conclusion Propofol given to seven-day-old rats with 50 mg/kg twice by subcutaneous injection suppresses neuron proliferation and impairs development of memory and learning in neonatal rats,but propofol given with 10 mg/kg once promotes neuron proliferation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413485

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the pain behavioral performance of rats that different sensory nerve fibers were transected,and examine the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) in these models.Methods Twenty-four rats were divided into three groups according to random number table method:SUR group,GS group and SHAM group, which received sural nerve transection, gastrocnemius-soleus nerve transection or sham operation respectively.There were 8 rats in every group.The expression of BDNF in the lumbar 5 DRG and spinal dorsal horn were detected,and the types of damaged cells were also observed.Results In GS group, 50% paw-withdrawal thresholds were significantly decreased on the ipsilateral hind paw compared with baseline and with those in SHAM group,and the paw-withdrawal durations in response to the thermal stimulus increased significantly (P<0.01 =.In contrast, no change was found in SUR group(P>0.05 ).The expression of BDNF in the lumbar 5 DRG ( (37.87 ± 4.23 ) % ) and spinal dorsal horn ( (21.9 ± 3.1 ) % ) was significantly higher in GS group than in SHAM group( ( 17.31 ± 2.12 ) %, ( 12.6 ± 1.3 ) % ), and no significant difference was found between SUR and SHAM groups(P>0.05 ).FG opposite cells which also expressed BDNF in GS group were more than those in SUR group ( (47.7 ± 1.8) % and (26.7 ± 2.3 ) % ) (P < 0.01 =.The percentage in N200 and FG double positive cells to N200 positive cells in GS group was significantly increased in GS group than those in SUR group ( (47.7 ±1.8 ) %, (26.7 ± 2.3 ) % ) (P < 0.01 =.Conclusion The data suggest that injury of the sensory nerve innervating skin does not produce hyperalgesia, but injury of the sensory nerve innervating muscle does.Different kinds of neuron were damaged and the differences of BDNF expression is essential for this difference.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412834

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different concentrations of isoflurane on the caspase-3 expression in the hippocampus and S100β level of plasma in fetal rats. Methods 18 pregnant rats at gestational day 21 were divided into control group, 1. 3% isoflurane group,3% isoflurane group. Rats in the control group spontaneously breathed 100% oxygen for 1 h. Rats in the treatment groups breathed 1.3% or 3% isoflurane in 100% oxygen through an endotracheal tube, with mechanical ventilation for 1 h. Rat pups were delivered by cesarean section 6 h after treatment, and fetal blood was sampled from the left ventricle of each fetal heart and evaluated for S100β. Fetal brains were then evaluated for apoptosis, using caspase-3 immunohistochemistry in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. Results Compared to the control group ((1. 48 ± 0. 08) μg/L) and the 1. 3% isoflurane group( (1.53 ±0. 12)μg/L) ,the 3% isoflurane group showed significantly higher level of S100β( (3. 12 ±0. 15) μg/L, P<0.05) . There was no differences in densities of caspase-3-positive cells between the control ((33 ±4) cell/mm ) and 1.3% isoflurane groups((31 ±5)cell/mm2). Compared to 1.3% isoflurane,isoflurane at a concentration of 3%((75 ± 7) cell/mm2, P<0.05) for lh increased neurodegeneration in the hippocampal CA1 area in the developing brain of fetal rats. Conclusion Isoflurane can dose-dependently induce brain damage. Isoflurane at a concentration of 3% for lh can induce apoptosis in the hippocampal CA1 area and increase S100β levels of fetal rats.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389447

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of recombinant activated factor Ⅶ (γFⅦa)in the management or prevention of intraoporative bleeding in general surgery. Methods A retrospective analysis was made to investigate the effect of FⅦa in 56 surgical cases.There were 56 cases including 53 hepatobiliary cases,3 gastrointestinal surgical cflses.γFⅦa was used intraoperatively when bleeding was difficult to control in 12 patients,and in 30 liver transplant cases before a skin incision was made.γFⅦa was used in the other 14 cases postoperatively to control intraabdominal bleeding. Results Massive bleeding stopped in 11 out of 12 cases who used γFⅦa during the operation as a rescue regimen,though two of them eventually died intraoperatively for deteriorating hemedynamics,one died of intraoperative intractable bleeding in spite of the Use of γFⅦa.All the 30 liver transplant cases used γFⅦa in the prevention of intraoperative bleeding had a successful surgery.After γFⅦa was administered in 11 out of the 14 cases of postoperative bleeding,the drainage decreased by 50%.In 3 cases γFⅦa failed and hemodynamic and vital signs were still unstable.In brief,γFⅦa were safely used in bleeding control or prophylaxis.Its Successful rate reached 89% in 56 patients.No thrombus complication was found. Conclusion γFⅦ a controls perioperative hemorrhage complications.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388710

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the most appropriate combination of target effect-site concentrations (Ce) of propofol and remifentanil administered by TCI for fiberoptic bmnchoscopy in terms of depth of anesthesia and safety.Methods One hundred and eighty ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes aged 18-60 yr with body mass index ranging from 20-25 kg/m2 undergoing elective fiberoptic bronchoscopy under general anesthesia were randomized into 6 groups based on Ce of propofol (5.0,5.5,6.0 μg/ml) and remifentanil(2.5,3.0 ng/ml)(n=30 each):P5.0 R2.5,P5.5 R2.5,P6.0 R2.5,P530 R3.0,P5.5 R3.0 and P6.0 R3.0.Anesthesia was induced and maintained with TCI of propofol and remifentanil.MAP,HR,and SpO2 were continuously monitored.The examination was started when the target Ce was reached.When continuous coughing or bronchospasm occurred,2% lidocaine was given for topical anesthesia.When MAP decreased by more than 30% of the baseline value and/ or HR<55 boats per min,ephedrine was injected iv.When MAP increased by more than 30% of the baseline value and/or HR>120 beats per min,remifentanil was injected iv.TCI was stopped when the examination was over.The amount of propofol and remifentanil consumed,induction time,emergence time,duration of bronchoscopy and the number of the patients in whom ephedrine and intermittent iv boluses of remifentanil were given were recorded and compared among the 6 groups.The efficacy ofanesthesia was evaluated and the doctors' satisfaction recorded.Results The induction time and emergence time were significantly longer in P6.0 R3.0 and P6.0 R2.5 groups than in the other 4 groups ( P < 0.05). The efficacy of anesthesia was better in group P5.5 R3.0 and P6.0 R3.0 than in group P5.0 P2.5, P5.5 R2.5 and P5.0 R3.0 ( P < 0.05). Anesthesia was more satisfactory as evaluated by the doctor in group P5.5 R3.0.The number of patients who received iv bolus of remifentanil and ephedrine during bronchoscopy was smallest in group P5.5 R3.0 ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion TCI of propofol at Ce of 5.5 μg/ml combined with remifentanil TCI at Ce of 3.0 ng/ml provides satisfactory anesthesia for flberoptic bronchoscopy.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387046

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of propofol versus isoflurane on brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) and explore the difference in the effects of the two anesthetics on the brainstem. Methods Thirty ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients aged 20-50 yr without heating disorder, scheduled for elective surgery performed under general anesthesia were randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 15 each): propofol group (group P) and isoflurane group (group Ⅰ). SpO2, PET CO2, BIS and BAEP were continuously monitored before and during anesthesia. Anesthesia was induced by propofol administered by TCI or isoflurane inhalation. Tracheal intubation was facilitated with vecuronium. The patients were mechanically ventilated. PET CO2 was maintained at 35-40 mm Hg and SpO2 at 98%-100%. After intubation BIS was maintained at 70 and 50 respectively ,the latency of the wave Ⅰ , Ⅱ and Ⅴ and the inter-peak latency (IPL) betwecn wave Ⅰ -Ⅲ , Ⅲ-Ⅴ and Ⅰ -Ⅴ were recorded.Results In group P there was no significant difference in the latency of the wave Ⅰ , Ⅲ and Ⅴ and the IPL between wave Ⅰ - Ⅲ , Ⅲ - Ⅴ and Ⅰ - Ⅴ between the baseline before anesthesia and at BIS 70 and 50. In group Ⅰ the latency of wave Ⅲ and Ⅴ and the IPL between wave Ⅰ - Ⅲ , Ⅲ - Ⅴ and Ⅰ - Ⅴ were significantly longer at BIS 50 than the baseline before anesthesia, while the latency of wave Ⅲ and Ⅴ and the IPL between wave Ⅰ -Ⅲ andⅠ -Ⅴ at BIS 50 were significantly longer than that at BIS 70. At BIS 50 the latency of wave Ⅴ and the IPL between wave Ⅰ -Ⅴ were significantly longer in group Ⅰ than in group P. Conclusion At comparable depth of anesthesia propofol exerts less depressant effects on BAEP indicating less depression of brainstem.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386114

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different afferent nerve injury on development of neuropathic pain and its relationship with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in rats. Methods Twenty-four male SD rats aged 2 months weighing 200-250 g were randomly divided into 3 groups:group Ⅰ sham operation (group S); group Ⅱ sural nerve injury (group SUR) and group Ⅲ gastrocnemius-soleus nerve injury (group GS). Sural nerve and gastrocnemius-soleus nerve were transected in group SUR and GS respectively. Paw withdrawal threshold to von Frey filament stimulation was measured the day before and at day 3 and 7 after operation. The animals were killed at postoperative day 7 after the measurement of paw withdrawal threshold. The ipsllateral L5 DRG and L5 segment of the spinal cord were removed. BDNF expression in the spinal dorsal horn was determined. The percentage of BDNF positive neurons and ATF-3 positive neurons in the total DRG neurons and the percentage of BDNF positive neurons in the damaged neurons (ATF-3 positive) were calculated. Results Mechanical hyperalgesia developed after transection of gastrocnemius-soleus muscle in group GS. Mechanical pain threshold was sinificantly lower, while BDNF expression in the spinal dorsal horn and the percentage of BDNF positive neurons in total DRG neurons were significantly higher in group GS than in group S and SUR (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in all variables between group SUR and S (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the percentage of ATF-3 positive neurons in the total DRG neurons between group GS and SUR (P > 0.05), but the percentage of BDNF positive neurons in the damaged neurons (ATF-3 positive) was significantly higher in group GS than in group SUR (P < 0.05). Conclusion Transection of the afferent nerve innervating muscle can produce neuropathic pain through up-regulation of BDNF expression in spinal dorsal horn and DRG in rats, while transection of the afferent nerve innervating skin can not.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage, hemostasis, and blood coagulation, as well as the application of hemostasis measures, in the liver transplantation have been poorly understood. There have been no protocols regarding routine hemostasis.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hemorrhagic features in each phase and to observe the application efficacy of recombinant activated factor Ⅶ (rFⅦ a) during the liver transplantation.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: A retrospective case analysis, controlled observation experiment was performed at the Department of Common Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between April 2001 and July 2006.PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen patients who received liver transplantation between April 2001 and March 2003 served as retrospective study subjects. An additional 28 patients who underwent liver transplantation between March 2003 and July 2006 were randomly and evenly divided into two groups: rFⅦ a and control.METHODS: The hemorrhage rule of 15 patients who received liver transplantation in the protophase was retrospectively analyzed and the hemorrhagic feature in each time period was localized. A comparative observation was performed in the 28 patients in the anaphase. The rFⅦ a group received an intravenous injection of 70-80 μ g/kg rFⅦ a for 3-5 minutes. Simultaneously, the control group was given 50 m/physiological saline in parallel.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hemorrhage volume of 15 patients that received liver transplantation in each phase; prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and total hemorrhage volume prior to and 30 minutes after rFⅦa application in 14 patients who received liver transplantation.RESULTS: Extensive errhysis was a primary cause of hemorrhage in the liver transplantation. Hemorrhage pdmadly occurred in the phase of diseased liver resection (i.e., pre-anhepatic phase), rFⅦ a could well improve various coagulation functional indices, i.e., thromboelastography indices (reaction time, coagulation time, α angle, and maximum amplitude) and routine blood indices (prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time). Compared with the control group, hemorrhage volume was obviously decreased and transplantation time was significantly shorter in the rFⅦa group. In addition, no thrombotic complications were found in the rFⅦa group during the observation period.CONCLUSION: The pre-anhepatic phase is a primary hemorrhage phase during the liver transplantation, rFⅦ a can be successfully applied for liver transplantation.

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