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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934062

ABSTRACT

Gonorrhea, caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is one of the most frequently reported infectious diseases. With the increasing antibiotic resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, gonorrhea has become a major public health problem worldwide, making it imperative to develop a safe and effective vaccine. Lipooligosaccharides (LOS), which exist on the outer surface of gram-negative bacteria, contain many important antigenic determinants. In recent years, a large number of studies have shown that LOS may become the most potential target of Neisseria gonorrhoeae vaccine and immunotherapy. This article reviewed the structure of LOS, its role in Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection, research progress in LOS vaccine and the challenges faced in vaccine development, aiming to provide reference for further study.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932376

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the high-frequency ultrasonographic and clinical features of superficial intravascular tumors.Methods:Thirteen superficial intravascular tumor patients who underwent ultrasound examination form Beijing Jishuitan Hospital during 2016-2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The location, anatomic blood vessels, shape, size, boundary, internal echo, blood flow and clinical characteristics of the tumors were analyzed.Results:Among the 13 cases, most of the tumors were oval like or long strip, and a few were round like. All 11 cases of primary intravascular tumors showed hypoechoic mass; 2 cases of intravascular metastasis or recurrence showed solid hypoechoic with hyperechoic mass. Arterial blood flow spectrum was detected in 12 cases. Two patients with glomus tumor showed typical tenderness at the fixed point. Two patients had a history of bone tumors in the upper or lower extremities.Conclusions:High frequency ultrasound can clearly recognize the location of the superficial intravascular tumors, describe the morphological characteristics and sonographic features of the tumor, then help to make a more accurate qualitative diagnosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the pubo-femoral distance of hips of the infants diagnosed with Graf type Ⅰ by high frequency ultrasound.Methods:A total of 1 084 infants(2 168 hips) diagnosed with Graf type Ⅰ by ultrasonography were collected in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from June 2019 to May 2020. The ultrasonographic examinations included Graf method and pubo-femoral distance measurement. The 95% medical reference value was adopted to confirm range of normal values of the pubo-femoral distance. And the differences of the pubo-femoral distance between different gender, age and bilateral hip were compared.Results:The pubo-femoral distance of hips diagnosed with Graf type Ⅰ was (0.27±0.06)cm, the pubo-femoral distance of males was(0.27±0.06)cm, the pubo-femoral distance of females was (0.27±0.07)cm. The 95% medical reference value was 0.15-0.38 cm. The 95% medical reference value of males was 0.15-0.39 cm, and the 95% medical reference value of females was 0.13-0.41 cm. There were no significant differences between the sexes or between the age(all P>0.05). The difference between the bilateral hip joints from the same infant was statistically significant[(0.274±0.064)cm vs (0.265±0.064)cm, P<0.05]. Conclusions:The 95% medical reference value of hip diagnosed with Graf type Ⅰ is 0.15-0.38 cm.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806756

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the value of femoral head coverage (FHC) in the follow-up of infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip(DDH).@*Methods@#Two hundred and seventeen DDH infants(434 hips) diagnosed by clinical examination and ultrasonography were chosed as treatment group, and then received the brace treatment and followed up with ultrasonography. Four hundred and sixteen infants(832 hips) with normal hips diagnosed by clinical examination and ultrasonography were chosed as control group. The ultrasonographic examination included Graf method and FHC measurement. The infants in the treatment group were followed up with ultrasonography examination up to the age of 6 months.@*Results@#The FHC in the control group was (59.69±4.36)%. In the treatment group, 302 hips were diagnosed to be DDH.Among them, 36 hips were Graf type Ⅱa, 132 hips were Graf type Ⅱb, 69 hips were Graf type Ⅱc, 8 hips were Graf type D, 41 hips were Graf type Ⅲ, and 16 hips were Graf type Ⅳ. The FHC of these hips were (51.33±5.18)%, (53.07±3.94)%, (44.52±5.32)%, (38.70±5.85)%, (27.23±6.82)% and 0, respectively. After treatment, 222 hips became Graf type Ⅰ, 49 hips were improved, and their FHC increased. Twenty-eight hips were not significantly improved after treatment, but the FHC of most hips (including 14 hips of type Ⅱb, 3 hips of Ⅱc and 4 hips of type Ⅲ) increased. Three hips of Graf type Ⅲ aggravated to Graf type Ⅳ, and the FHC decreased to 0.@*Conclusions@#The FHC has important value in the follow-up of infants with DDH.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 169-172, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701292

ABSTRACT

Brucellosis is a zoonosis caused by Brucella infection, through digestive tract, respiratory tract and damaged skin or mucous membrane infection, and in recent years its incidence is on the rise. Based on the literature published in recent years, this article summarized the treatment of acute and chronic period brucellosis, brucellosis complications, brucellosis in children, brucellosis during pregnancy, brucellosis with liver and kidney injury and immunosuppressant treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696526

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical and electroencephalogram features of neuronal ceroid lipofus-cinosis (NCL). Methods A retrospective analysis of the clinical phenotypes and electroencephalogram features of pa-tients diagnosed with NCL in Department of Pediatrics,Peking University First Hospital from February 2000 to August 2015 were conducted. Results Among the 30 patients,18 were male and 12 were female. The age of onset was between 9 months to 7 years old. The first symptoms included seizure in 22 patients,psychomotor developmental delay or regre-ssion in 7 cases,and visual loss in 1 case. Clinical manifestations included psychomotor regression in 29 cases,epilepsy in 28 cases,visual impairment in 19 cases,ataxia in 20 patients,and positive pyramidal tract sign in 13 cases. Twenty-one patients accepted fundus oculi examination. Seven patients were found with macular degeneration,8 cases with optic nerve atrophy,2 cases with retinal pigment degeneration,and 8 patients were normal. Brain atrophy were found in all 30 cases,including diffuse brain atrophy in 14 cases,only cerebellar atrophy in 6 cases,and cerebral atrophy with periven-tricular T2W high signal in 10 cases. Video electroencephalogram(EEG)examination was performed in 27 patients and their backgrounds were diffuse slow waves. Seven patients didn't have physiological vertex sharp waves or sleep spin-dles. Generalized epileptiform discharges were captured in 6 cases,focal epileptiform discharges in 15 cases. Both of generalized and focal epileptiform discharges were captured in 6 cases. Generalized slow wave burst in 4 cases,and in-termittent photic stimulation evoked epileptiform discharges in 3 cases. Ten patients were observed with clinical sei-zures,including 4 cases of myoclonic episodes,3 cases of atypical absences,3 cases of focal seizures,1 case of atonic and one of tonic spasms. Peripheral blood enzyme examination was taken in 13 patients,among whom 8 patients were identified with tripeptidyl peptidase 1 (TPP1)deficiency and 1 patient with palmitoyl protein thioesterase 1 (PPT1) deficiency. Twenty-eight patients accepted skin and/or muscle electron microscope examination. Osmiophilic granular was found in 2 cases,curvilinear bodies in 15 cases,fingerprint profiles in 2 cases,curvilinear and linear bodies in 1 case,fingerprint profiles and osmiophilic granular in 1 case. NCL-related gene detection was conducted in 3 patients, with 1 patient identified with CLN6 compound heterozygous mutations and 2 patients with TPP1 homozygous mutations. Thirty patients were classified into 3 groups based on the onset age,enzymatic examination results and pathological examination of skin and muscle,including 5 cases of infantile NCL,20 cases of late-infantile NCL,and 5 cases of juvenile NCL. Conclusions The clinical features of NCL included multiple types of epileptic seizures (among which myoclonus was the most common type),psychomotor developmental delay or regression,vision loss,ataxia,and positive pyramidal tract sign. Its MRI was characterized with brain atrophy. EEG showed diffuse slow wave activity,with focal and/or generalized epileptiform discharges. Specific enzyme examination,and skin or muscle pathology or gene test could help to make diagnosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 374-377, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614422

ABSTRACT

Objective To present the distinction on clinical features,laboratory features,treatment schemes between the patients with and without brucellar epididymo-orchitis,and to provide a theoretical basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods A retrospective analysis of 223 male patients with brucellosis in the First Hospital of Jilin University from June 2010 to November 2016 was carried out.A comparative analysis of the clinical and laboratory features of 22 patients with epididymo-orchitis and 201 cases without epididymo-orchitis was done.The SPSS 23.0 software was used to analyze the statistical results,P < 0.05 was defined as statistically significant.Results Epididymo-orchitis occurred in 9.87% (22/223) of all male patients with brucellosis.The median ages of patients with and without epididymo-orchitis were 35.5 and 42.0 years old,respectively,the difference was not statistically significant (Z =1.323,P > 0.05).Cases with and without epididymo-orchitis of brucellosis with fever [90.9% (20/22) vs 69.2% (139/201)],chills [54.4% (12/22) vs 28.9% (58/201)],hepatomegaly [22.7% (5/22) vs 3.5% (7/201)],abdominal symptoms [59.1% (13/22) vs 17.4% (35/201)],and urinary tract infection symptoms [31.8% (7/22) vs 3.5% (7/201)],the differences were statistically significant (x2 =4.586,6.076,14.424,20.392,27.059,all P < 0.05).The medians of white blood cell (WBC) count (7.9 × 109/L),erythrocyte sedimentation value (ESR,38.0 mm/h),and aspartate aminotransferase (AST,110.0 U/L) in brucellosis with epididymo-orchitis were higher than those without epididymo-orchitis (5.1 × 109/L, 30.0 mm/h,73.8 U/L),the differences were statistically significant (Z =2.239,2.064,2.762,all P < 0.05).All brucellosis patients with epididymis-orchitis were treated with antibiotics for 8 weeks.The defervescence time was 4.5 days,the time of pain relief was 3.9 days,21 patients were cured,and only Ⅰ patient relapsed.Conclusions Epididymo-orchitis is a common complication of brucellosis.Brucellar epididymo-orchitis is usually characterized with a severe acute clinical presentation,which needs timely diagnosis.Combination of antibiotics treatment for 8 weeks in brucellosis patients with epididymis-orchitis is effective.

8.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 184-189, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513702

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain alpaca single domain antibody targeting Her2.Methods An alpaca was immunized with human recombination Her2 protein mixed with Freund's adjuvant.Total RNA was extracted from the alpaca's blood and was used to synthesize first strand cDNA.Single domain antibody variable region (VHH) gene of the alpaca was amplified by PCR and cloned into pMES4 vector for library construction.After screening, E.coli BL21 (DE3) was transformed with selected clones and was induced with IPTG for the expression of recombinant proteins.The nanobody was purified by nickel ion affinity chromatography column.The affinity of the nanobodies to Her2 was tested.Results After the second round of screening, two antibody clones were selected, H3 and H5.The affinity of H5 was 8.106×10-10mol/L.Histochemistry results showed that H5 could recognize Her2 antigen in breast tumor tissue.Conclusion An Her2 specific nanobody derived from alpaca is obtained through phage display library screening, which can recognize human Her2 antibody in human breast tumor tissue.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 268-271, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488700

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the histopathologic characteristics of bladder tumor and provide theoretical basis for the reasonable selection of treatment modality.Methods This retrospective study collected the pathological data of 4 200 bladder tumor from May 2001 to October 2014.There were 3 443 male and 757 female, and the average diameter of these tumors was (1.8 ± 0.6) cm (ranged 0.2 to 6.5 cm).Among all cases, 3 214 (76.5%) cases were solitary tumor while 986 (23.5%) were multiple tumors.The histologic subtype, pathological grade and stage, the existence of vascular and lymphovascular invasion, tumor in situ, abnormal variants and rare subtypes were recorded and analyzed.Results 162 cases (3.9%)were benign tumors and 4 038 cases (96.1%)were malignant tumors including 4 008 cases of urothelial cancer (UC), 18 cases of primary adenocarcinoma and 12 cases of primary bladder squamous carcinoma.Furthermore, 2 460 (61.4%)cases were high grade UC while 1 548(38.6%)cases were low grade.320 cases were found intravascular tumor embolus or lymphovascular tumor thrombus and 391 (9.3%)cases were found metaplasia of squamous epithelium.Moreover, there were 230 cases of squamous differentiation, 120 cases of glandular differentiation, 110 cases of both squamous and glandular differentiation, and 39 cases (0.9%)of other rare subtypes or variations.On pathological stage, 112 (2.8 %) cases were carcinoma in situ, 548 (13.7%)cases were Ta, 2 599(65.1%)cases were T1, 480(12%)cases were T2, 92 cases(2.3%)were T3 and 23 cases(0.6%)were T4 stage, with the rest cases being unable to be accurate staging.Multiple Logistic regression analysis revealed that lymphovascular invasion was related to tumor grade , pathological stage and abnormal differentiation (P < 0.02).Moreover, UC with squamous and glandular differentiation were related with tumor recurrence and progression (P =0.02).Conclusions Most bladder tumors were high grade and low stage urothelial cancer with various forms of differentiation.Squamous and glandular differentiation were most common variation which should be avoided to diagnosed as hybrid carcinoma.Lymphovascular tumor thrombus and abnormal differentiation were correlated with tumor stage and grade.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 628-631, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479852

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and pathological features of urothelial carcinoma with clear cell variant.Methods The pathological and clinical data of 7 cases pathological diagnosed urothelial carcinoma with clear cell variant between March 2005 and May 2014 were retrospectively reviewed.There were 6 males and 1 female,aged 46-75 years (mean,61 years).Clinical manifestations included gross hematuria in 5 cases,hematuria and backache in another 2 cases.The mean tumor size was 3.5 cm (ranged 2.0-6.0 cm).One case was multiple tumor and 6 cases were single tumor.Five cases were positive in urine cytology.All the 7 cases accepted surgical treatment,including radical nephroureterectomy in 2 cases,transurethral resection of bladder tumor plus pharmorubicin regular intravesicalinstillationin 1 case,and radical cystectomy in 4 patients.Results Pathological findings revealed that all the tumors were high-grade urothelial carcinoma with clear cell variant in different proportion.Among them,clear cell tumor was predominant in 1 case and focal in other 6 cases.Meanwhile,tumorsaccompanied by glandular differentiation were found in 2 cases,squamous differentiation was found in 1 case,and micropapillary variant was found in 1 case.Vascular tumor embolus was found in 4 cases.Pathological stage was pT2a (n =1),pT2b (n =3),and pT3a (n =3).Immunohistochemicalstaining revealed cytokeratin 7 (+),cytokeratin 20 (+),epithelial membrane antigen (+)and prostate specific antigen (-).Six cases were followed up.The bladder preservation case was followed up for 8 months without recurrence.In 3 radical cystectomy cases,1 died of cancer 25 months after surgery and another 2 case were followed up for 10 and 12 months after surgery without recurrence and metastasis.In 2 nephroureterectomy cases,1 died of tumor metastasis 18 months after surgery and the other case was followed up for 6 months without recurrence or metastasis.Conclusions Urothelialcarcinoma with clear cell variant is a malignancy often with advanced stage and poor prognosis.Radical surgery is recommended for the treatment.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 937-940, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478407

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and compare the blood lipid level in patients with colorectal polyps.Methods One hundred and twenty patients with colorectal polyps adminated in Shuangshan Hospital of Anshan from January 2011 to January 2014 were selected as observations and 120 healthy check-ups were selected as control group.The levels of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) of two groups were detected.Based on the pathological type and position of colorectal polyps and patients' gender, the blood lipid levels of sub-groups were compared.Results For observation group,there were single polyps in 81 cases ,multiple polyps in 39 cases and total colorectal polyps in 7 cases.There were 53 cases (44.17%) of hyperlipidemia (HLP).The levels of TC, TG and LDL-C of observation group were (5.26±0.97) mmol/L, (1.55±0.59) mmol/L, (2.88±0.67) mmol/L, significantly higher than those of control group ((4.51±1.02) mmol/L, (1.05±0.57) mmol/L, (2.43±0.39) mmol/L;t =4.08,4.27, 3.87, P<0.05).the incidence of HLP based on the different pathological types were not significantly changed (P > 0.05).The blood lipid levels based on the different pathological types were not significantly changed(P>0.05).According to analysis results of adenomatous polyp, the incidence of tubular and villous adenoma HLP was significantly higher than that of tubular and villous adenoma(x2 =4.51, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in term of the blood lipid levels between the two groups(P>0.05).The specific blood lipid levels were different (95% CI 1.695-5.276, 1.823-3.517, 1.634-4.186;P <0.05).Conclusion TC and TG increase in patients with colorectal polyps.The clinical diagnosis and treatment shall focus on the detection of blood lipid levels.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464506

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare whether there is a difference in medical cost of intensive care unit(ICU)pa-tients with catheter-associated infection (CAI)between before and after targeted intervention.Methods CAI in ICU patients in 2010(pre-intervention group)and 2013 (post-intervention group)were investigated by retrospective survey,hospitalization cost of two groups of patients before and after intervention was compared.Results The morbidity and mortality in patients with CAI both decreased significantly after intervention,morbidity of healthcare-associated infection(HAI)decreased from 13.47% in 2010 to 4.41 % in 2013,mortality decreased from 10.36% in 2010 to 2.2% in 2103.Total hospitalization cost,blood transfusion cost,and cost of special material before and af-ter the implementation of targeted intervention all significantly different (all P <0.05),the difference of procalcito-nin and antimicrobial agents cost were also significant(all P <0.05).Conclusion Medical cost in ICU patients with CAI decreased after intervention.

13.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 792-795, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461820

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the screening platform of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) using acridine orange fluo?rescent (AO-F) dyeing method, and to apply it in the screening of peripheral blood CTCs in patients with kidney cancer. Methods Twenty-seven patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma was included in this study. Primitive tumor cells and kidney cancer cell line 769-P were cultured with different concentrations of fetal bovine serum. Smears were prepared and observed under fluorescence microscopy. The percentage of AO-F positive staining of 769-P cells under 5 random sights was calculated. The sensitivity of AO-F staining to cells was evaluated. The 5 mL morning fasting venous blood was obtained from 10 subjects with healthy check-up. The 1×106 cell suspension was prepared. The logarithmic phase of renal tumor cells was used to prepare tube containing 500, 200, 100, 50 and 10 tumor cell suspension, which were mixed with 1×106 nucleated cells to establish CTCs model of renal cancer. AO-F staining method was used to detect the expression of AO-F positive cells. The correlation between expression of AO-F positive cells and clinical parameters was analyzed. Results The prima?ry cells and cell line 769-P showed similar bright color and morphological characteristics. The percentage of AO-F positive staining in 769-P cells was 93%±3%under 5 random sights. The recovery rates (%) of four groups (500, 200, 100 and 50 tu?mor cell suspension) were 10.2±3.8, 9.2±2.3, 10.8±2.6 and 10.5±1.9, respectively. There were no significant differences in recovery rates between four groups (P>0.05). The group of 10 tumor cell suspension could find AO-F positive staining cells occasionally. Zero case was positive in controls. Nine of 27 patients were positive and the rate was 33.33%. There were no significant statistical differences in AO-F positive rates between gender, age, tumor size, pathological pattern, Furhman stage, metastasis of lung and presence of tumor (P>0.05). Conclusion It is confirmed that the method of CTCs staining with AO-F, which has high specificity and reproducibility, is feasible to detect CTCs and worthy of being studied. There is a certain reference value to predict tumor recurrence and metastasis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 325-328, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460722

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical and histopathologic features of small renal carcinoma (diameter≤4 cm)and provide theoretical basis for evaluating the safety,efficacy and prognosis of nephron sparing surgery.Methods This retrospective study collected the pathological data of 490 patients with small renal cell carcinoma,who were treated in our hospital,from May 2000 to October 2014.We recorded and analyzed the tumor size,histological subtype,Fuhrman grading,pathological stage,the existence of mulifocality,vascular invasion,tumor psuedocapsule,hemorrhage or necrosis and distant metastasis.Results The median diameter of tumor was (3.2 ± 0.6) cm,ranged 0.6 to 4.0 cm.Of all the subjects,422 (86.1%) were clear cell carcinoma,32 (6.5%) were chromophobe cell carcinoma,23 (4.7%) were papillary carcinoma and 13 (2.7%) were other rare types.Among the 422 clear cell carcinoma cases,27 were Fuhrman grade Ⅰ,157 were Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade,210 were grade Ⅱ,21 were Ⅱ-Ⅲ grade,7 were grade Ⅲ and no one was grade Ⅳ.Multifocal tumors were found in 18 cases (3.7%) and tumor embolus of renal vein was found in 6 cases (1.2%).Intact psuedocapsule were found in 326 (66.5%) tumors with the thickness ranged from 0.2 to 1.0 mm.Tumor infiltration without the psuedocapsule penetration were found in 82 cases (16.7%),penetrated into the psuedocapsule were found in 11 cases (2.2%),infringement of perirenal fat were found in 9 cases (1.8%).Hemorrhage and necrosis were found in 240 cases (48.9%),synchronous lung metastases occurred in 3 patients (0.6%).Logistic regression analysis revealed that tumor invasion and pseudocapsule penetration were related to Fuhrman Ⅱ-Ⅲ,Ⅲ and tumor diameter (P =0.04).Moreover,tumor size was related with histological grade and renal capsule invasion (P =0.02).Nevertheless,there was no relationship among tumor size,renal vein embolus or mulifocality (P =0.35).Conclusions Although most small renal tumors are high differentiation and low grade,but rare cases are aggressive with infringement of perirenal fat or early distant metastasis,suggesting heterogeneity in its biological behavior.Most small renal tumors have obvious psuedocapsule.When the tumor size is greater than 3.0 cm and its Fuhrman classification was high,the psuedocapsule and perirenal fat are more likely to be infiltrated.Nephron sparing surgery should remove the tumor and its surface adipose tissue entirely.

15.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 541-543,547, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599560

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the bacteriostasis effect of two disinfectants on frequently touched object sur-faces in laminar flow general intensive care unit (GICU),and investigate bacterial contamination on the object sur-faces,so as to provide reference for proper disinfection method and control of infection.Methods Specimens from surfaces of bed rails and bedside tables were taken for bacterial culture before being disinfected.Then object sur-faces around bed units were disinfected with disinfectant containing 500 mg/L of available chloride (routing group) and GammaTM disinfecting wet wipes (control group)respectively,bacteriostasis rate and qualified rate of bacterial count on object surfaces between two kinds of disinfection methods were compared.Results Before routine disinfec-tion,a total of 87 pathogens were isolated from 200 specimens of object surfaces,bacterial contamination rate was 43.50%. Detection rate of gram-positive bacteria was 78.16%% (n =68),the major were Corynebacterium (26.47%,n = 18), Staphylococcus aureus (23.53%,n=16)and Staphylococcus epidermidis (23.53%,n=16);detection rate of gram-nega-tive bacteria was 21.84%(n=19),the major was Acinetobacter baumannii (63.16%,n=12).After a 10-minute disinfec-tion on surfaces,bacteriostasis rate of routine group and control group was (94.89±7.72)% and(96.33 ±12.88)% re-spectively,there was no significant difference between two groups(P >0.05);qualified rates of bacterial count of object surfaces of two groups were both 100%.Conclusion Regular disinfection of object surfaces around bed units,stand-ardization of the manipulation and hand hygiene compliance of medical personnels are simple and effective method of cutting off bacteria dissemination and preventing healthcare-associated infection.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 47-50, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418191

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and histopathological features of metanephric adenoma (MA). MethodsClinical and pathological data of 10 cases of MA were analyzed retrospectively.There were 4 males and 6 females,aged from 33 to 65 years,with an average of 45 years.2 patients had flank pain,4 patients had gross hematuria,and 4 patients were found by physical examination.The average diameter of tumor was 4.5 cm (2.5 - 8.0 cm).All patients were diagnosed as renal tumor by CT scan.9 patients underwent radical nephrectomy and 1 patient underwent partial nephrectomy. Results Pathological examination found that the tumors are composed of densely packed small uniform cells with regular nuclei that formed a tubular or adenoid pattern.Mitotic figures were absent or rare.4 patients were diagnosed as MA,2 cases were diagnosed as low-grade malignant MA,and 4 cases were diagnosed as MA with malignant component (2 cases of adenocarcinoma,1 case of chromophobe cell carcinoma,and 1 case of well differentiated papillary adenocarcinoma),7 cases were followed up for 22 months ( 10 to 34 months) without recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions MA is very rare benign renal tumor originating from epithelium,and a few are malignant,and some may contain malignant ingredients.Nephron-sparing surgery and radical nephrectomy are eligible for the treatment of MA.Considering the uncertainty of the biological behavior and cellular origin of MA,a long-term follow-up is necessary.

17.
Virologica Sinica ; (6): 40-46, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382731

ABSTRACT

RNA interference(RNAi)is a process by which introduced small interfering RNA(siRNA)can cause the specific degradation of mRNA with identical sequences. The human herpes simplex virus type 1(HSV-1)RR is composed of two distinct homodimeric subunits encoded by UL39 and UL40, respectively. In this study, we applied siRNAs targeting the UL39 and UL40 genes of HSV-1. We showed that synthetic siRNA silenced effectively and specifically UL39 and UL40 mRNA expression and inhibited HSV-1 replication. Our work offers new possibilities for RNAi as a genetic tool for inhibition of HSV-1 replication.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420038

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effectiveness and safety of Foley catheter(FC)and vaginal prostaglandin E2 suppository(PGE2,Propess)for cervical ripening and labor induction in fullterm pregnant women with unfavorable cervix.Methods A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted.Women with a term or post-term,live,singleton fetus in cephalic presentation,intact membranes,Bishop score<6,not in labor,medically indicated for labor induction from June 2009 to December 2009 in Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School were randomly divided into two groups:FC group(n=64)and Propess group(n=62).In FC group,a 16-F Foley catheter was inserted into patient's cervical canal; once past the internal os,the balloon was inflated with 80 ml saline.Intravenous oxytocin was initiated after the balloon was spontaneously extruded from the cervix or after 24 hours.In Propess group,vaginal Propess was used.x2 or Fisher's exact test and t test were used to compare the outcomes,delivery mode and induction success rate between the two groups.Results There were no significant differences in gestational weeks,Bishop score,indication of induction,improvement of Bishop score,success rate of induction,rate of vaginal delivery,total duration of labor and volume of postpartum hemorrhage between the two groups(P > 0.05,respectively).Propess group had a higher rate of vaginal birth within 24 hours[56.5%(35/62)vs 28.1%(18/64),t=10.37,P<0.05],a higher risk for excessively frequent and hard uterine contraction[17.7%(11/62)vs 0.0%(0/64),P<0.05]and lower incidence of oxytocin induction/augmentation during labor[21.0%(13/62)vs 87.5%(56/64),x2 =56.27,P<0.05]than those of FC group.There were no differences in neonatal Apgar score,meconium staining and neonatal birth weight between the two groups.Puerperal infection occured in neither group.Conclusions Under strict control of indication and aseptic manipulation,Foley catheter was as effective and safe as Propess for cervical ripening with lower risk of excessive uterine activity.It is suggested that Foley catheter could be used for cervical ripening,especially in patients with economic difficulty.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 459-462, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416802

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and pathological features of small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. Methods The pathological and clinical data of 9 cases of small cell carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively. There were 6 males and 3 females, ages 45 to 79 years (mean age, 62 years). Clinical manifestations of 7 cases included gross hematuria and dysuria, the other 2 cases experienced lower abdominal pain. The mean tumor size was 2.0 cm (ranged, 0.5 to 7.0 cm). Two cases had multiple tumors and 5 cases had single tumors. The growth pattern in 2 cases was diffuse growth in the whole bladder. In 4 cases tumor cells were found in urine cytology. All 9 patients underwent surgical treatment, including TURBt. Four patients were diagnosed as superficial tumors before operation. All the patients underwent regular theprubicine irrigation in the bladder. One case underwent additional intravenous chemotherapy for 3 cycles. Partial cystectomy was performed in 2 cases, with regular theprubicine irrigation in bladder and 1 case underwent intravenous chemotherapy for 2 cycles. Radical cystectomy was performed in 3 cases, with 2 cases undergoing intravenous chemotherapy after operation. Results Pathological findings showed that tumor cells were small and round in shape. These hyperchromatic nuclei showed limited cytoplasm with lack of nesting characters. CgA and NSE were positive in immunohistochemistry. The final diagnosis was small cell carcinoma, with 1 case accompanied with transitional cell carcinoma and 1 case accompanied with prostate cancer. One case showed high preoperative serum calcium (3.15 mmol/L) and low serum phosphate (0.61 mmol/L), which returned to normal 1 month after operation. Four cases who′s bladder was preserved were followed up, 3 cases were alive for 4, 9 and 25 months after operation. The 1 case who underwent intravenous chemotherapy was followed up for 24 months and there was no sign of relapse or metastasis. In all the 3 cases with radical cystectomy, 2 cases died 2 and 28 months postoperativly. Another case with adjuvant chemotherapy was followed up for 24 months without recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is highly malignant with poor prognosis. Radical cystectomy in combination with systemic chemotherapy has better efficacy. Retained bladder surgery with systemic chemotherapy is an alternative choice. The most important factors which influence the prognosis of the tumor are clinical stage and therapeutic methods.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 185-188, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413925

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and pathological characteristics of nephrogenic adenoma. Methods Eleven patients were diagnosed as nephrogenic adenoma including 5 men and 6 women, aged 37-78 years (56 on average). The pathological findings in all cases of nephrogenic adenoma were presented with a review of the literature. Results Eleven cases of nephrogenic adenomas were evaluated, 2 cases were in ureter and 9 cases were in the bladder. Eight of the 9 bladder cases underwent TUR-BT surgery in continuous epidural anesthesia, 1 case underwent partial cystectomy with general anesthesia. A right ureteroscopy and left ureterolithotomy were performed respectively in continuous epidural anesthesia for the 2 cases in ureter. The final diagnosis was based on histopathological findings. For all of cases, 8 cases were diagnosed as nephrogenic adenomas, 2 cases as atypical nephrogenic adenoma and 1 case as nephrogenic adenoma with malignant transformation. The microscopic appearance of nephrogenic adenoma demonstrated that morphology closely resembled aberrant tubules of the kidney. In addition, atypical nephrogenic adenomas appeared as the presence of cytologic atypia, including nuclear enlargement, nuclear hyperchromasia and prominent nucleoli. The morphologic changes of nephrogenic adenomas with malignant transformation were that tumor cells retained the basic structural characteristics of typical nephrogenic adenomas, and the similar morphological cells lost adhesion ability among cells and presented diffuse solid growth in the surrounding area.Intravesical perfusion was further performed for treating the patients with atypical nephrogenic adenomas or nephrogenic adenomas with malignant transformation. The mean patient follow up was 46 months (range, 24- 104 months), and there was only 1 case of recurrence. Conclusions Nephrogenic adenoma is an uncommon benign lesion of the urinary tract. The symptoms and cystoscopic manifestations are not unique. We reported one patient of nephrogenic adenomas with malignant transformation and provided some evidence for malignant alteration in morphology and invasive behavior. All patients underwent local excision of the lesions. Intravesical perfusion was further performed for treating the patients of atypical nephrogenic adenomas or nephrogenic adenomas with malignant transformation. Whether it is nephrogenic adenoma or atypical nephrogenic adenoma, long-term follow-up after treatment is necessary.

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