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Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1867-1871, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273080


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Acute gout is an intensely painful, inflammatory arthritis. Although the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used for this condition, the efficacy is based on only a few studies, particularly in China. We tried to assess the safety and efficacy of etoricoxib in the treatment of acute gouty arthritis in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A randomized, double-blind, active comparator study was conducted at 10 sites in China. Patients (n = 178; ≥ 18 years of age) with acute gouty attack (< 48 hours) were treated for 5 days with etoricoxib (120 mg/d; n = 89) or indometacin (75 mg twice daily; n = 89). The primary efficacy end point was self-assessed pain in the affected joint (0-4 point Likert scale) from days 2 - 5. Secondary end points included investigator assessments of tenderness and swelling, patient/ investigator global assessments of response to therapy, and patients discontinuing treatment. Safety was assessed by adverse events (AEs).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Etoricoxib and indometacin had comparable primary and secondary end points. Mean change difference from baseline from days 2 - 5 was 0.03 (95% confidence interval (CI) -0.19 to 0.25; P = 0.6364), which fell within the prespecified comparative bounds of -0.5 to 0.5. No severe AEs were associated with etoricoxib use. Non-severe AEs were mainly digestive and general, and most (73.7%) were mild, although they caused withdrawal of two subjects in the etoricoxib group, due to bilateral renal calculi and uronephrosis of the left kidney (unrelated to etoricoxib) and fever and chills (potentially etoricoxib-related). Overall, AEs were similar, although the absolute number of AEs in the etoricoxib group (n = 31) was less than the indometacin group (n = 34).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Etoricoxib (120 mg once daily) is effective in treating acute gout, is generally safe and well-tolerated, and is comparable in efficacy to indometacin (75 mg twice daily).</p>

Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Gouty , Drug Therapy , Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Indomethacin , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Pyridines , Therapeutic Uses , Sulfones , Therapeutic Uses
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1670-1676, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257382


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Previous studies have suggested that interrupted clearance of nuclear DNA-protein complexes after cell death might initiate and propagate systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Deoxyribonuclease I (DNaseI) may be responsible for the removal of DNA from nuclear antigens at sites of high cell turnover, thus preventing the onset of SLE. The purpose of this study was to genotype the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of DNase1 and characterize its gene expression and alternatively spliced transcripts in Chinese patients with SLE in order to understand the pathogenic role of DNase1 in human SLE.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four SNPs located at the 3' end of the DNase1 gene, as listed on the SNP website, were selected for analysis. Those SNPs with relatively high heterozygosity were chosen for genotyping in 312 Chinese SLE families using the Taqman minor groove binder (MGB) allelic discrimination method. Haplotypes were constructed and linkage disequilibrium tests were performed using GeneHunter. DNase1 mRNA expression was detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and alternatively spliced transcripts were isolated using capillary electrophoresis. Any effects the specific SNP haplotypes had on DNase1 gene expression and the alternatively spliced transcripts were also assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>rs179982 and rs1053874 had high heterozygosity, about 0.5 in this Chinese cohort, while rs1059857 was also found to be heterozygous. Analysis of the haplotype combining rs179982-rs1030874 (C-G) and rs179982-rs1030874-rs1059857 (C-G-G) revealed a skewed transmission in favor of affected offspring. DNase1 gene expression was higher in SLE patients than in normal controls (P < 0.001), but this was not related to disease activity or SNP haplotype. Capillary electrophoresis revealed that the pattern of alternatively spliced transcripts in patients differed from that of normal controls. Furthermore, different SNP haplotype combinations generated different transcript patterns in SLE patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The SNP haplotypes are in linkage disequilibrium in Chinese SLE patients and may induce the disease through a modification of DNase1 mRNA splicing rather than at the level of mRNA expression. There is a relatively unique transcript band in SLE patients independent of special haplotype, which suggests that other unknown factors might be involved in adjusting gene expression.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Alternative Splicing , Deoxyribonuclease I , Genetics , Female , Haplotypes , Humans , Linkage Disequilibrium , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328857


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the association between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and gene polymorphisms of OLF-1/EBF associated zinc finger protein(OAZ).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Verified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with relatively high heterozygosity were chosen for allelic discrimination in 244 Chinese SLE pedigrees. Then transmissions of single SNP, and haplotypes were calculated by Genehunter software..OAZ mRNA level was also measured for comparing gene expression in patients of different haplotypes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Genotyping of five SNPs within OAZ gene introns indicated there was no preferential transmission of single SNP, and haplotype T-A-G-G for rs1344531-rs2080353-rs933564-rs1345431 showed only weak linkage with the disease (P=0.04). However, haplotypes combining SNPs and the SLE-associated D16S517 allele showed significant association with SLE susceptibility (for rs933564-d16s517 G-271bp t:non-t=93:29 P<0.000001, for rs2080353-rs933564-d16s517 A-G-271bp t:non-t=88:35 P=0.000002). The haplotype A-G-271bp-G of Rs2080353-rs933564-D16s517-rs1345431 was also transmitted to patients preferentially (P=0.0084) and it showed a tendency to affect gene expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Special polymorphism haplotype of OAZ gene is associated with Chinese SLE. OAZ may suggest a new pathway for lupus.</p>

Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , China , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Haplotypes , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Ethnology , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329430


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe whether deoxyribonuclease I (DNASE1) gene expression and its DNASE1 mRNA expression was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and its alternatively spliced transcripts were performed by capillary electrophoresis. An analysis was also made to disclose whether specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) haplotype had effects onDNASE1 gene expression and its alternatively spliced transcripts.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>DNASE1 gene expression was higher in SLE patients than in normal controls (P<0.001), and in patients it was found to be of no relationship with SLE disease activity index score. However, it was increased in female patients. Capillary electrophoresis revealed that the pattern of alternatively spliced transcripts in patients was not the same as that in normal controls. Moreover, it seemed that different SNPs haplotype combination might show different transcript pattern in SLE patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In SLE patients, DNASE1 gene expression is abnormal and there are alternatively spliced transcripts different from those in normal controls. DNASE1 gene is a critical factor in the pathogenesis of SLE.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Alternative Splicing , Deoxyribonuclease I , Genetics , Female , Gene Expression , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682863


Objective To investigate the mRNA and protein expression levels of interferon(IFN)-?in the peripheral blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE),to analyze the relationship between IFN-?and disease activity,and to evaluate the role of IFN-?in the pathogenesis of lupus.Methods SYBR green dyeⅠbased real-time quantatives PCR method was used to compare the mRNA expression levels of IFN-?in the peripheral blood leucocyte of SLE patients and healthy controls.Surum levels of IFN-?were measured with ELISA method.Results IFNA1 mRNA expression level in SLE patients(2.8?3.5)was signifi- cantly lower than that of normal controls(12.7?10.7,P=0.000).There was no significant difference between patients treated with glucocorticoid and those without in the expression level of IFNA1(P=0.549).Serum levels of IFN-?in SLE patients was significantly higher than that of normal controls(P=0.003).The SLEDAI score and anti-dsDNA antibody correlated positively,and complement components C3,C4 and leukocytes correlated negatively with serum concentration of IFN-?.IFN-?level correlated with the presence of fever and rash. Conclusion The close relationship between IFN-?serum level and disease activity in SLE patients suggests that IFN-?might be of importance in the disease process.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682784


Objective To observe whether the expression of interferon-regulatory factor genes are re- lated to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods The clinical data of 45 SLE patients and 37 normal controls were collected.Total RNA of peripheral blood was extracted and transcripted into cDNA.Sybr green dye based real-time quantitative PCR method was used to compare the expression (indicated as-??Ct value) of IRFI,IRF4,IRF8 in patients with SLE and those in the controls.Results The levels of IRF1,IRF4 and IRF8 mRNA were-3.90?0.19,-8.04?0.25 and 3.60?0.15 respectively in normal controls.In SLE patients, IRF4 mRNA expression was -8.82?0.18,higher than that in normal (P=0.011).But IRF8 mRNA expression was 3.09?0.13,lower than that in normal (P=0.012).Conclusion Abnormal IRF mRNA expression is found in the peripheral blood of SLE patients.IRFs may play roles in the pathogenesis of SLE by affecting the differen- tiation of Th cells.