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Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1290-1293, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385517


Objective To correlate dynamic parameters at contrast enhanced CT and interstitial fibrosis grade of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods Twenty-nine patients with NSCLC were evaluated by multi-slice CT. Images were obtained before and at 20,30,45,60,75,90,120,180,300,540,720,900 and 1200 s after the injection of contrast media, which was administered at a rate of 4 ml/s for a total of 420 mg I/kg body weight. Washout parameters were calculated. Lung cancer specimens were stained with hematoxylin-eosin stain and collagen and elastica double stain. Spearman test was made to analyze correlation between dynamic parameters and interstitial fibrosis grade of tumor. Results Twentynine NSCLC demonstrated washout at 20 min 12. 1 (0. 32-58.0 ) HU, washout ratio at 20 minutes 15.3% (0. 3%-39.2% ), slope of washout at 20 minutes 0. 0152 %/s ( 0. 0007%/s-0. 0561%/s ).Interstitial fibrosis of 29 lesions was graded as grade Ⅰ (10), grade Ⅱ (14) and grade Ⅲ (5). There were significant correlation between washout at 20 min ( r = - 0. 402, P < 0. 05 ), washout ratio at 20 min ( r =-0.372,P<0.05), slope of washout ratio (r = -0.459,P <0.05) and interstitial fibrosis grade in tumors. Conclusion NSCLC washout features at dynamic multi-detector CT correlates with interstitial fibrosis in the tumor.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385163


Objective To determine the serum concentration of MCP-1 and the expression of MCP-1 protein in the pancreas in the piglet with chronic obstructive pancreatitis and to explore the role of MCP-1 protein in pancreatic fibrosisits.Methods The piglet model of chronic obstructive pancreatitis was established by incomplete ligation of the pancreatic duct.The piglets were sacrificed at 4, 6, 8 weeks after induction.Pathological changes of pancreas were examined.Pancreatic fibrosis was assessed by VG staining.Serum MCP-1 concentrations were detected by ELISA method.MCP-1 and α-SMA, PDGF, TGF-β1 and NF-κB protein expression were detected by immunohistochemistry.Results The induction was successful in 14 piglets ( 58.3% ).Mild atrophic changes, interstitial fibrosis, chronic inflammatory cell infiltration could be observed in the body and tail of pancreas from the 4th week in the experimental group.The most obvious changes occurred in the 8th week.Stage Ⅰ pancreatic fibrosis occurred in 5 piglets (35.7%), stage Ⅱ in 4 piglets (28.6%), stage Ⅲ in 5 rats ( 35.7% ).Seurm MCP-1 at 4, 6, 8 weeks was ( 102.44 ± 36.25 ) pg/ml,(97.84 ± 28.67) pg/ml, ( 94.32 ± 28.42 ) pg/ml, respectively, and was significantly higher than that in control group [ ( 10.42 ±5.86) pg/ml, (8.58 ±4.86) pg/ml, (8.22 ±4.58) pg/ml, P <0.01 ].There was no MCP-1 protein expression in the control group;MCP-1 protein was detected in the successful induction group, and MCP-1 expression was positively correlated with expressions of the PDGF, TGF-β1, α-SMA and NF-κB.Conclusions MCP-1 may play an important role in the course of pancreatic fibrosis in chronic obstructive pancreatitis.