Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 71
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 299-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992602

ABSTRACT

The acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults have a higher rate of neurological injury and early death compared with atlas or axial fractures alone. Currently, the diagnosis and treatment choices of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults are controversial because of the lack of standards for implementation. Non-operative treatments have a high incidence of bone nonunion and complications, while surgeries may easily lead to the injury of the vertebral artery, spinal cord and nerve root. At present, there are no evidence-based Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults. To provide orthopedic surgeons with the most up-to-date and effective information in treating acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults, the Spinal Trauma Group of Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts in the field of spinal trauma to develop the Evidence-based guideline for clinical diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults ( version 2023) by referring to the "Management of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults" published by American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) in 2013 and the relevant Chinese and English literatures. Ten recommendations were made concerning the radiological diagnosis, stability judgment, treatment rules, treatment options and complications based on medical evidence, aiming to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 204-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992589

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) combined with spinal fractures with thoracic and lumbar fracture as the most common type shows characteristics of unstable fracture, high incidence of nerve injury, high mortality and high disability rate. The diagnosis may be missed because it is mostly caused by low-energy injury, when spinal rigidity and osteoporosis have a great impact on the accuracy of imaging examination. At the same time, the treatment choices are controversial, with no relevant specifications. Non-operative treatments can easily lead to bone nonunion, pseudoarthrosis and delayed nerve injury, while surgeries may be failed due to internal fixation failure. At present, there are no evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture. In this context, the Spinal Trauma Academic Group of Orthopedics Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts to formulate the Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of adult ankylosing spondylitis combined with thoracolumbar fracture ( version 2023) by following the principles of evidence-based medicine and systematically review related literatures. Ten recommendations on the diagnosis, imaging evaluation, classification and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture were put forward, aiming to standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of such disorder.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1643-1651, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993399

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and clinical efficacy of oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) in the treatment of adjacent segment disease (ASDis).Methods:Retrospective analysis was conducted on the data of 31 patients with ASDis treated by OLIF in four medical centers from June 2015 to December 2018. There were 17 males and 14 females. The average age was (65.7±3.4) years (range, 59 to 75 years). 19 cases received single-segment fixed fusion, 11 cases received double-segment fixed fusion and 1 case received three-segment fixed fusion. Original fixed fusion site: 1 case of L 1, 2, 3 cases of L 3, 4, 11 cases of L 4, 5, 4 cases of L 5S 1, 6 cases of L 3-L 5, 5 cases of L 4-S 1, and 1 case of L 3-S 1. The time from the initial fixation and fusion to this admission was 82.5±45.5 months (rang, 24 to 180 months). ASDis occurred at the proximal end of the fixed fusion segment in 28 cases and at the distal end in 3 cases. The types of ASDis: degenerative disc disease in 11 cases, lumbar spinal stenosis in 15 cases, degenerative spondylolisthesis in 2 cases, and degenerative scoliosis in 3 cases. The location of ASDis: 6 cases of L 2, 3, 12 cases of L 3, 4, 6 cases of L 4, 5, 3 cases of L 1-L 3, 1 case of L 2-L 4, and 3 cases of L 1-L 4. At admission, 3 cases of lumbar internal fixation had been removed and 28 cases of internal fixation remained. Stand-alone OLIF was performed in 19 cases, OLIF combined with pedicle screw fixation in 8 cases, and OLIF combined with cortical screw fixation in 4 cases. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to evaluate the low back pain and lumbar function before operation and at the last follow-up, and the imaging results and complications were observed. Results:All patients were followed up. The follow-up time was 23.6±9.6 months (range, 12 to 60 months). The operation time was 73.8±25.3 mins (range, 40 to 180 min), and the intraoperative blood loss was 86.2±67.4 ml (range, 20 to 310 ml). The average blood loss in each segment was 24.8 ml. During the operation, there were 1 case of segmental vein injury, 7 cases of endplate injury, 2 cases of transient iliopsoas muscle weakness, 1 case of thigh pain and numbness, and 1 case of incomplete intestinal obstruction. There was no incision necrosis and infection. The VAS score of low back pain decreased from 5.9±1.9 before operation to 1.4±0.6 at the last follow-up, with a statistically significant difference ( t=8.47, P<0.001). The ODI index recovered from 45.2%±5.7% before operation to 13.8%±4.7% at the last follow-up, with a statistically significant difference ( t=7.92, P<0.001). The height of intervertebral space increased from 8.7±1.6 mm before operation to 11.4±1.9 mm after operation and 9.9±1.8 mm at the last follow-up. There was a statistically significant difference between postoperative and preoperative height of intervertebral space ( F=4.15, P=0.007). There was a statistically significant difference between the last follow-up and postoperative height of intervertebral space ( P=0.011). During the follow-up, there were 13 cases of fusion cage subsidence, 1 case of fusion cage displacement, and no case of internal fixation loosening or fracture. The intervertebral fusion rate was 94%(29/31) and the complication rate was 42%(13/31). Conclusion:ASDis is a common complication after lumbar fixation and fusion, and requires surgical treatment. OLIF is a reliable method to treat ASDis as it has advantages of small trauma, high fusion rate and low complication rate.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1230-1235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the diagnostic value of the fat deposition between the base of spinous process and dura mater in the mid-sagittal T1WI image of lumbar spine MRI for occult pars interarticularis defect, and to discuss the its mechanism.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2019, 32 cases with low back and leg pain were confirmed by MR scanning that the fat deposition between the dura mater and the base of spinous process with or without fat deposition in the rest of the spinal canal, including 20 males and 12 females were included. The age was 28.5±6.2 years (range, 18-57 years). Spiral CT scanning and multiplanar reconstruction were used to judge the integrity of the isthmus, levels of defect, and unilateral or bilateral defect. The observation of the above imaging data were independently completed by two orthopaedic doctors.Results:In 32 patients with epidural fat deposition, there were 24 patients with occult isthmus and 8 patients with simple epidural lipomatosis, confirmed by spiral CT multiplanar reconstruction. In 24 cases of isthmus, there were 18 males and 6 females. The age was 27.3±5.3 years (range, 18-45 years). There were 2 cases between the base of L 4 spinous process and dura mater, and 22 cases between the base of L 5 spinous process and dura mater, without fat deposition in the rest of the spinal canal. All 24 cases were bilateral isthmus, and the anterior and lateral X-ray could not be diagnosed. All patients complained of different degrees of mechanical low back pain. 6 cases with disc herniation, and no case with intermittent claudication. In 8 patients with simple epidural lipomatosis, there were 2 males and 6 females. The age ranged from 32 to 55 years, with an average of 38.4±6.7 years. There were 4 cases between the base of L 3 spinous process and dura mater, 3 cases between the base of L 4 spinous process and dura mater, and 1 case between the base of L 5 spinous process and dura mater. All 8 patients had fat deposition between the lamina and dura mater in the upper and/or the same level, and the dura mater was compressed by the fat. 8 patients complained of different degrees of low back pain without tenderness. 2 cases with disc herniation, and one case with intermittent claudication. Conclusion:The fat deposition sign between the base of spinous process and dura mater has certain specificity for occult lumbar spondylolysis. As an effective supplement to the discontinuous bone signal of spondylolysis, it is helpful to the early diagnosis of spondylolysis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 981-985, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957093

ABSTRACT

Spinal infection was a common disease. It was very important to clarify the type of infection when deciding treatment. After following up of imaging data of spinal infection cases and reviewing the literature reports, some characteristic imaging manifestations were found and summarized, which were very helpful for the differential diagnosis of pyogenic and tuberculous spondylodiscitis. MR features of tuberculous spondylodiscitis were thoracic spine involvement, obvious bone destruction, larger kyphosis angle, vertebral intraosseous abscess, thin and smooth abscess walls, heterogeneous and focal enhancement of vertebral body, 3 vertebrals or more involvement. MR features of pyogenic spondylodiscitis were lumbar spine involvement, a diskitis pattern (disc destruction) with peridiscal bone destruction, homogeneous enhancement of vertebral body, and abnormal signal around the facet joint.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 937-941, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957088

ABSTRACT

The incidence of spinal infectious diseases is on the rise. The diagnosis and treatment of these diseases have always been challenging due to the special location, atypical symptoms, and poor test specificity. In this special issue of spinal infectious diseases, we, together with our colleagues, start from some hot and controversial topics in the current clinical practice, aiming to draw some reference suggestions for the pathogen tracking, imaging characteristics, diagnosis process and treatment methods.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 961-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956541

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) can lead to lower back pain and may be even accompanied by scoliosis, neurological dysfunction and other complications, which will affect the daily activities and life quality of patients. Vertebral augmentation is an effective treatment method for OVCF, but it cannot correct unbalance of bone metabolism or improve the osteoporotic status, causing complications like lower back pain, limited spinal activities and vertebral refracture. The post-operative systematic and standardized rehabilitation treatments can improve curative effect and therapeutic efficacy of anti-osteoporosis, reduce risk of vertebral refracture, increase patient compliance and improve quality of life. Since there still lack relevant clinical treatment guidelines for postoperative rehabilitation treatments following vertebral augmentation for OVCF, the current treatments are varied with uneven therapeutic effect. In order to standardize the postoperative rehabilitation treatment, the Spine Trauma Group of the Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized relevant experts to refer to relevant literature and develop the "Guideline for postoperative rehabilitation treatment following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (2022 version)" based on the clinical guidelines published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) as well as on the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement. The guideline provided evidence-based recommendations on 10 important issues related to postoperative rehabilitation treatments of OVCF.

8.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 18-24, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011612

ABSTRACT

Oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) is an internationally popular and innovative technique for treating various lumbar diseases. Introduced to China in 2014, it has been widely used to treat lumbar spine diseases. Advances in biomechanical theory and new instruments have broadened the indications for OLIF surgery and reduced its learning curve. The development of standalone OLIF makes OLIF more minimally invasive. The improvement of localized surgical methods based on Chinese anatomical studies makes OLIF more suitable for Chinese patients. The development of L5/S1 OLIF technology has expanded the application range of OLIF. This paper reviews the clinical application and research progress of OLIF.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 744-749, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909932

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of multidisciplinary collaboration(MDT)mode on perioperative nursing of chronic ulcer of diabetes mellitus patients following lower extremity trauma.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 122 diabetes mellitus patients combined with chronic ulcer following lower extremity trauma admitted to Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2015 to December 2019. There were 58 males and 64 females at age of 40-76 years[(56.0 ± 4.7)years]. The wounds were located at the heel in 10 patients,at the lateral ankle in 12,at the toe in 22,at the calf in 59 and at the thigh in 19. Sixty patients received MDT care(collaborative care group),and 62 patients received traditional care(traditional care group). Visual analogue scale(VAS)and level of fasting plasma glucose were measured at days 1 and 3 postoperatively and on the day of discharge. Mental status of the patients was evaluated using self-evaluation of anxiety scale(SAS)and self-rating depression scale(SDS)after nursing. Area and depth of wounds was detected at postoperative 2 weeks and 1 month,and level of fasting glucose was measured again within 1 month after operation. The rate of amputation,incidence of debridement and direct suture rate were documented while hospitalized again at postoperative 1 month.Results:All patients were followed up for 0.5-3 months[(1.2 ± 0.7)months]. VAS was 1.0(1.0,2.0)points,1.0(0.0,1.0)points and 1.0(0.0,1.0)points in collaborative care group at days 1 and 3 postoperatively and on the day of discharge,compared to 2.0(2.0,2.3)points,2.0(2.0,2.0)points and 1.0(1.0,2.0)points in traditional care group( P < 0.05). Level of fasting blood glucose was(7.2 ± 0.8)mmol/L,(6.9 ± 0.8)mmol/L and(6.9 ± 0.7)mmol/L in collaborative care group on days 1 and 3 postoperatively and on the day of discharge,compared to(7.8 ± 0.8)mmol/L,(7.8 ± 0.8)mmol/L and(7.7 ± 0.9)mmol/L in traditional care group( P < 0.05). Scores of SAS and SDS were(8.4 ± 0.8)points and(11.2 ± 1.0)points in collaborative care group after nursing,compared to(8.7 ± 0.7)points and(12.3 ± 1.0)points in traditional care group( P < 0.05). Area and depth of wounds were(29.4 ± 3.9)cm 2 and(1.4 ± 0.4)cm in collaborative care group at postoprative 2 weeks,compared to(33.3 ± 3.6)cm 2 and(1.5 ± 0.5)cm in traditional care group( P < 0.05). Area and depth of wounds were(24.5 ± 3.8)cm 2 and(0.9 ± 0.4)cm in collaborative care group at postoprative 1 month,compared to(30.6 ± 4.8)cm 2 and(1.2 ± 0.5)cm in traditional care group( P < 0.05). Level of fasting blood glucose in collaborative care group was significantly lower than that in traditional care group at postoprative 1 month( P < 0.05). During hospital re-admission 1 month after operation,rate of amputation and incidence of re-debridement were 5%(3/60)and 7%(4/60)in collaborative care group,significantly lower than those in traditional care group[18%(11/62),22%(13/62)]( P < 0.05),and direct repair suture rate was 88%(53/60)in collaborative care group,significantly higher than that in traditional care group[61%(38/62)]( P < 0.05). Conclusion:For chronic ulcer of diabetes mellitus patients following lower extremity trauma,MDT model is superior over traditional nursing for alleviated pain,controlled blood glucose,improved psychological state,promoted wound healing and reduced rate of amputation and incidence of re-debridement.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 618-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury in China in 2018.Methods:Multi-stage stratified cluster sampling was used to randomly select hospitals capable of treating patients with spinal cord injury from 3 regions,9 provinces and 27 cities in China to retrospectively investigate eligible patients with traumatic spinal cord injury admitted in 2018. National and regional incidence rates were calculated. The data of cause of injury,injury level,severity of injury,segment and type of fracture,complications,death and other data were collected by medical record questionnaire,and analyzed according to geographical region,age and gender.Results:Medical records of 4,134 patients were included in this study,with a male-to-female ratio of 2.99∶1. The incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury in China in 2018 was 50.484 / 1 million (95% CI 50.122-50.846). The highest incidence in the Eastern region was 53.791 / 1 million (95% CI 53.217-54.365). In the whole country,the main causes of injury were high falls (29.58%),as well as in the Western region (40.68%),while the main causes of injury in the Eastern and Central regions were traffic injuries (31.22%,30.10%). The main injury level was cervical spinal cord in the whole country (64.49%),and the proportion of cervical spinal cord injury in the Central region was the highest (74.68%),and the proportion of lumbosacral spinal cord injury in the Western region was the highest (32.30%). The highest proportion of degree of injury was incomplete quadriplegia (55.20%),and the distribution pattern was the same in each region. A total of 65.87% of the patients were complicated with fracture or dislocation,77.95% in the Western region and only 54.77% in the Central region. In the whole country,the head was the main combined injury (37.87%),as well as in the Eastern and Central regions,while the proportion of chest combined injury in the Western region was the highest (38.57%). A total of 32.90% of the patients were complicated with respiratory complications. There were 23 patients (0.56%) died in hospital,of which 17(73.91%) died of respiratory dysfunction. Conclusions:The Eastern region of China has a high incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury. Other epidemiological features include high fall as the main cause of injury cervical spinal cord injury as the main injury level,incomplete quadriplegia as the main degree of injury,head as the main combined injury,and respiratory complications as the main complication.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 43-48, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884684

ABSTRACT

Charcot Spinal Arthropathy (CSA) is a rare and progressive serious degenerative spinal disease. The clinical manifestations of CSA are concealed and atypical, which could lead to missed misdiagnosis, disease prognosis, and a huge burden on patients. However, there is no systematic review of CSA in China. The causes of CSA are mainly divided into spinal cord injury and non-injury neuropathy. The risk factors for CSA caused by spinal cord injury include long-segment fixation, scoliosis, laminectomy, overload spinal exercise and obesity. CSA usually occurs in the lower thoracic or lumbar spine. The symptoms of CSA include spinal deformity, unbalanced sitting posture and local pain. The CSA can be diagnosed after excluding non-specific chronic inflammation in histology and other inflammatory diseases or tumor based on the following items, damage to proprioception, pain and temperature perception, bone destruction, absorption and new bone formation on imaging. Conservative treatment can be considered for patients with CSA who have good stability without infections, stable nerve function, skin fistulas, balanced sitting posture, and autonomic dysfunction. Surgery is recommended for patients with symptoms lasting for more than 6 months with spinal instability, skin fistulas or complicated infections. Before surgery, it is recommended to evaluate the heterotopic ossification or rigidity of both hip joints. During operation, more attention should be paid to the adequate removal of necrotic tissue and inflammatory tissue in the lesion and sufficient bone grafting. Spinal fusion is recommended at the sacrum or pelvis. Postoperative complications include failure of internal fixation, new Charcot joint formation, difficulty in wound healing and infection. The authors emphasize that the overall thoracolumbar spine should be followed up for patients with spinal cord injury and paraplegia for the long-term. The typical symptoms of CSA are helpful for early diagnosis and selection of appropriate interventions.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 20-26, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between puncture assisted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot versus freehand puncture in vertebroplaty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF) of the upper thoracic vertebra.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 19 patients (20 vertebral bodies) with OVCF of the upper thoracic vertebra who had been treated at Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital from January 2018 to March 2019 by robotic vertebroplasty (robot group) and of another 21 counterpart patients (21 vertebral bodies) who had been treated by conventional vertebroplasty from January 2016 to December 2017 (freehand group). Puncture was conducted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot in the robotic vertebroplasty but freehand in the conventional vertebroplasty. The robot group had 5 males and 14 females, aged from 62 to 88 years; the freehand group had 6 males and 15 females, aged from 64 to 83 years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, bone cement volume, postoperative complications (cement leakage, infection and embolism), visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), anterior height (AH) and kyphosis angulation (KA) of the injured vertebra at day 1 and last follow-up after surgery.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences between them in the preoperative general data ( P>0.05). Vertebroplasty via unilateral puncture approach was completed uneventfully in the 19 patients (20 vertebral bodies) in the robot group and in the 21 patients (21 vertebral bodies) in the freehand group. The 40 patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months (mean, 8.3 month). The operation time [(37.9±8.2) min], bone cement volume [(2.3±0.9) mL] and rate of cement leakage (10.0%, 2/20) in the robot group were all significantly less or lower than those in the freehand group [(46.2±9.4) min, (4.2±1.3) mL and 42.9% (9/21)] ( P<0.05). No infection or embolism was observed in either group. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in VAS, ODI, AH or KA of the injured vertebra at day 1 or last follow-up after surgery ( P>0.05). Conclusion:In vertebroplaty for OVCF of the upper thoracic vertebra, compared with conventional freehand puncture, puncture assisted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot can lead to satisfactory clinical efficacy because it reduces operation time, volume of bone cement injection, and thus incidence of bone cement leakage.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 743-748, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869022

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a kind of RNA with a circular structure. The unique structure of circRNA endows it with various cell biological functions and characteristics. It has become a research hotspot recently. CircRNA can play a role via mechanisms, such as microRNA (miRNA) sponge, RNA binding protein, peptide translation and regulation of gene transcription. CircRNA was found to be associated with disc degeneration, spinal cord injury, scoliosis, and facet arthritis. Some techniques, including bioinformatics and molecular biology techniques, microarray and high-throughput sequencing, can be used to predict and to discover disease-related circRNA, aiming to evaluate whether circRNA can be used as a molecular biomarker for spinal and spinal cord diseases. Based on the current role of circRNA, the corresponding therapeutic strategies have been carried out in experimental animals, which can provide theoretical basis for gene therapy. At present, the researches in circRNA for spinal and spinal cord diseases are still insufficient compared with those in other fields. Currently, the main direction focuses on the miRNA sponge mechanism of circRNA. Due to the variety of diseases in spinal surgery, the research progress of circRNA is also varied. In addition, the development of microarray and high-throughput sequencing technology have greatly promoted the researches in circRNA. The availability of public database is of great significance in the study. The present review summarized the current researches status of circRNA in spinal and spinal cord diseases, aiming to deepen understanding of circRNA in spinal and spinal cord diseases.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 526-535, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868994

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) and minimally invasive interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.Methods:Data of 40 patients with I-II degree single level degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis from January 2018 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the operation procedure, they were divided into two groups: OLIF group and MI-TLIF group, and each group had 20 patients. There were 15 males and 5 females in the OLIF group, aged 50.3±8.8 years; and there were 13 males and 7 females in the MI-TLIF group, aged 51.7±8.7 years. According to the Meyerding's grade system, there were 16 patients of type I in the OLIF group and 15 cases in the MI-TLIF group; and there were 4 patients of type II in the OLIF group and 5 cases in the MI-TLIF group. The operation time, intra-operative hemorrhage, postoperative drainage, recessive blood loss and albumin loss were recorded. The CRP and ESR on the third day after operation, the VAS score and ODI score before and after operation were recorded. The lumbar lordosis (LL), fused segmental lordosis (FSL) and disc height (DH) before and after operation were recorded. The time of getting out of bed and walking and the hospital stay were recorded. Paired t-test was used to analyze the data.Results:Forty patients successfully underwent the operation. The operation time of OLIF group was 96±20 min, with intraoperative blood loss of 61±32 ml and postoperative drainage volume of 18±8 ml. The operation time of MI-TLIF group was 132±26 min, with intraoperative blood loss of 262±102 ml and postoperative drainage volume of 95±42 ml; and there was statistical difference between the two groups ( t=4.901, 8.404, 8.064; P< 0.001). On the third day after operation, the occult blood loss was 139±47 ml in the OLIF group and 486±192 ml in the MI-TLIF group; the albumin loss was 4.2±1.9 g/L in the OLIF group and 10.2±3.9 g/L in the MI-TLIF group; CRP was 34±11 mg/L in the OLIF group and 106±39 mg/L in the MI-TLIF group; ESR was 41±15 mm/1 h in the OLIF group and 71±24 mm/1 h in the MI-TLIF group, and there all were statistical differences between the two groups ( t=7.838, 6.184, 7.983, 4.675; P< 0.001). The VAS scores were 2.2±1.5, 1.8±1.3 and ODI scores were 14%±11%, 59%±17%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups. The LL were 33.41°±9.25°, 32.07°±9.54°, FSL were 11.59°±5.09°, 10.61°±4.56° and DH were 10.35±2.30 mm, 10.85±1.85 mm, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups. The follow-up time was 13.5±2.3 months in the OLIF group and 14.1±2.8 months in the MI-TLIF group. Three patients in the MI-TLIF group had radiation pain in the lower extremity on the third day after operation, which relieved after NSAID drugs and mannitol treatment. In the group of OLIF, the skin temperature of the left lower extremity increased in 1 case on the first day after operation, in which sympathetic chain injury was considered, and the patient recovered after 2.5 months; in the group of OLIF, the numbness in the front of the left thigh and the weakness of flexion of the hip was found in 3 cases, in which the edema or injury of the psoas major muscle was considered. Conclusion:Compared with MI-TLIF in the treatment of I, II degree single segment degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, OLIF has the advantages of shorter operation time, less intraoperative and postoperative blood loss, lower inflammation index, earlier time to get out of bed and shorter hospital stay. However, the outcomes of the two surgeries were similar.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 496-506, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868993

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety, key techniques and clinical efficacy of OLIF (oblique lumbar interbody fusion) corridor combined with lumbar intervertebral debridement, fusion with two interbody and internal fixation for the treatment of single-level lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis.Methods:From February 2016 to March 2017, data of 12 patients with single-level lumbar intervertebral pyogenic infection diagnosed in our hospital who had undergone oblique lumbar interbody fusion with two interbody and posterior pedicle screw fixation via Wiltse approach were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, there were 10 males and 2 females, aged from 49 to 79 years, with an average age of 65.4±9.5 years. The white blood cells (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were recorded and analyzed before operation and at the last follow-up. Lumbar pain was assessed by visual analogue acale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), and clinical efficacy was assessed by the MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) and Kirkaldy-Willis criteria. The hospitalization time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, pathological reports, etiological results and complications were recorded. Disc height (DH), segmental angle (SA) and Lumbar Lordosis (LL) were measured before operation and at the last follow-up. The fusion time was recorded. Paired t-test and ANOVA was used for data analysis. Results:All patients underwent surgery successfully, including 6 cases using two titanium meshes and 6 cases using two autologous tricortical iliac bones. Pathogenic culture was positive in 10 cases, with a positive rate of 83.3%, including 4 cases of streptococcus, 4 cases of Staphylococcus aureus, 1 case of Escherichia coli, and 1 case of Klebsiella pneumoniae. All patients were followed up for 16.1±5.1 months. At the last follow-up, WBC ([6.25±2.02] ×10 9/L) was lower than that before operation ([4.89±1.28] ×10 9/L), CRP (preoperation 58.73±52.56 mg/L vs postoperation 8.48±8.79 mg/L) and ESR (preoperation 51.88±19.04 mm/1 h vs postoperation 9.25±5.50 mm/1 h) were significantly lower ( P< 0.01). The VAS score was preoperation 6.67±1.63 and postoperation 1.50±0.55, ODI score was preoperation 72.57%±3.41% and postoperation 18.00%±2.31%, and both were significantly lower postoperatively ( P < 0.01). SF-36 score (preoperation 56.33±4.93 vs postoperation 73.73±5.86) was significantly higher ( P< 0.01) respectively. The postoperative height of intervertebral space ([11.68±2.64] mm) was significantly higher than that before operation ([5.18±1.58] mm). The disc height at the last follow-up was (11.22±2.25) mm, and the loss rate was 1.89% compared with that of the immediate postoperatively; The postoperative lumbar lordosis angle (32.89°±14.52°) was significantly increased compared with that of the preoperative (24.16°±13.49°), and maintained well at the last follow-up (32.27°± 14.21°); The postoperative segmental angle (10.8°±8.51°) was significantly increased compared with that of the preoperative (5.81°±7.44°), and maintained well at the last follow-up (9.94°±7.87°). The fusion time ranged from 6 to 16 months, with an average of 9.2±3.5 months. The clinical efficacy was excellent in 10 cases (83.3%) and good in 2 cases (16.7%). The excellent and good rate was 100%. One case of pulmonary infection and pulmonary embolism occurred 2 days after operation, and recovered after use of antibiotics and anticoagulation treatment in ICU; one case of intramuscular venous thrombosis was found 1 day after operation, and recovered after anticoagulation treatment; no loosening of internal fixation was found, and no complications related to OLIF corridor occurred. Conclusion:The treatment of single-level lumbar intervertebral pyogenic infection with OLIF corridor combined with lumbar intervertebral debridement, fusion with two interbody and internal fixation has the advantages of less blood loss, shorter operation time, more direct clearance of intervertebral space and left paravertebral focus, no disturbance of intraspinal canal and posterior structure, higher positive rate of etiology detection, shorter bedrest time and better restore of disc height and lumbar lordosis after operation. What’s more, the fusion rate is high and the clinical efficacy is satisfactory.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 453-458, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868992

ABSTRACT

Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) is a popular minimally invasive lumbar fusion technique in the world, which has become an important technique for lumbar interbody fusion. In 2014, OLIF was firstly introduced into the mainland of China, however, due to some defects of OLIF technique, such as steep learning curve, high rates of early complications, and difficult surgical exposure approach, the initial development of OLIF in China was not smooth. In order to make OLIF simpler and safer, the domestic scholars designed special exposure retractors for OLIF, and put forward a new technique for OLIF, called anteroin-ferior psoas exposure technique under direct vision. Driven by the OLIF technique trainings, live operation demonstrations, and literature publications, et al., the OLIF technique begun to settle down and flourish in China. Up to now, the number of surgical cases of Medtronic OLIF25 has reached more than 6 000, and the domestic scholars have published more than 30 OLIF papers in the international journals. However, our domestic spine surgeons still need to pay attention to the standardized application of OLIF, appropriate OLIF devices according to the Chinese anatomical characteristics, and the multicenter randomized controlled study of large samples, et al.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 577-586, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867755

ABSTRACT

According to the pathological characteristics of symptomatic chronic thoracic and lumbar osteoporotic vertebral fracture (SCOVF), the different clinical treatment methods are selected, including vertebral augmentation, anterior-posterior fixation and fusion, posterior decompression fixation and fusion, and posterior correction osteotomy. However, there is still a lack of a unified understanding on how to choose appropriate treatment method for SCOVF. In order to reflect the new treatment concept and the evidence-based medicine progress of SCOVF in a timely manner and standardize its treatment, the clinical guideline for surgical treatment of SCOVF is formulated in compliance with the principle of scientificity, practicability and advancement and based on the level of evidence-based medicine.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 399-402, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867727

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic fractures are the most common bone disease in the elderly. The spine is the most common site for osteoporotic fractures, while osteoporotic fractures in the thoracolumbar segment of the spine account for more than 90% of all spinal fractures. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture, the authors analyze the diagnosis, treatment, surgical methods and related hot issues of osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures with a review of the current literatures in order to provide references for the standardized clinical diagnosis and treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867690

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Almost 70% of patients susceptible to 2019-nCoV are over age of 50 years, with extremely large proportion of critical illness and death of the elderly patients. Meanwhile, the elderly patients are at high risk of osteoporotic fractures especially osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). During the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, the orthopedists are confronted with the following difficulties including how to screen and protect OVCF patients, how to accurately diagnose and assess the condition of suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients, and how to develop reasonable treatment plans and comprehensive protective measures in emergency and outpatient clinics. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19, the authors jointly develop this expert consensus to systematically recommend the standardized emergency and outpatient screening and confirmation procedures for OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and protective measures for emergency and outpatient clinics. Moreover, the consensus describes the grading and classification of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19 according to the severity of illness and recommends different treatment plans and corresponding protective measures.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811517

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Almost 70% of patients susceptible to 2019-nCoV are over age of 50 years, with extremely large proportion of critical illness and death of the elderly patients. Meanwhile, the elderly patients are at high risk of osteoporotic fractures especially osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). During the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, orthopedists are confronted with the following difficulties including how to screen and protect OVCF patients, how to accurately diagnose and assess the condition of OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, and how to develop reasonable treatment plans and comprehensive protective measures in emergency and outpatient clinics. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of patients with OVCF diagnosed with COVID-19, the authors jointly develop this expert consensus. The consensus systematically recommends the standardized emergency and outpatient screening and confirmation procedures for OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and protective measures for emergency and outpatient clinics. Moreover, the consensus describes the grading and classification of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19 according to the severity of illness and recommends different treatment plans and corresponding protective measures based on the different types and epidemic prevention and control requirements.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL