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Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 123-127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969959


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture for prevention of moderate to severe seasonal allergic rhinitis.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients with moderate to severe seasonal allergic rhinitis were randomly divided into an observation group (53 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (52 cases, 4 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with acupuncture at Yintang (GV 24+), Yingxiang (LI 20), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Fengchi (GB 20), Feishu (BL 13), etc. 4 weeks before the seizure period, once every other day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The patients in the control group were not given any intervention before the seizure period. Emergency drugs can be given appropriately during the seizure period in both groups. After seizure period, the seizure rate was recorded in the two groups; before treatment and on week 1, 2, 4, 6 of seizure period after treatment, the rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ) score and total nasal symptom score (TNSS) were observed in the two groups; the rescue medication score (RMS) was recorded on week 1-6 of seizure period in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The seizure rate of the observation group was 84.0% (42/50), which was lower than 100.0% (48/48) in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of RQLQ and TNSS at each time point of seizure period were decreased compared with before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), which were lower than the control group (P<0.01). The RMS score at each time point of seizure period in the observation group was lower than the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can reduce the incidence of moderate to severe seasonal allergic rhinitis, relieve the symptoms, improve the quality of life and reduce the use of emergency drugs.

Humans , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal , Rhinitis, Allergic/therapy , Quality of Life , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Treatment Outcome , Seizures
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 565-568, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980760


With three representative types of gynecological diseases (dysmenorrhea, pelvic inflammation, polycystic ovary syndrome) as examples, the application methods of meridian and acupoint diagnosis for gynecological diseases treated with acupuncture and moxibustion are discussed. During clinical diagnosis and treatment, it is recommended to examine the patient's leg segment along the three yin meridians of foot, aiming to explore the positive reactions of the meridians and acupoints (color, shape, skin temperature, sensory abnormalities, etc.). Acupuncture and moxibustion treatment at this positive reaction place can improve the clinical efficacy. Meridian and acupoint diagnosis could provide basis for meridian syndrome differentiation, thus guiding the selection of acupoint prescriptions; it is also helpful to clarify the deficiency, excess, cold and heat of the disease nature, thus guiding the selection of acupuncture and moxibustion methods. In addition, it is an auxiliary method to estimate the prognosis and outcome of the disease.

Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Meridians , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Foot , Genital Diseases, Female/therapy
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1449-1453, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007510


Taking the recommendations development of the World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies (WFAS) standard Clinical Practice Guideline for Female Urinary Incontinence as an example, this study analyzed the consensus expert composition, specific consensus process, and results in the development of the guideline's recommendations. It systematically examined the advantages of using the modified Delphi method in the formation of recommendations for acupuncture and moxibustion clinical practice guideline, with the aim of providing reference for the development of acupuncture and moxibustion guidelines in the same field.

Female , Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Delphi Technique , Moxibustion
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2338-2345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013680


Aim To observe the effect of corticotropin-releasing factor ( CRF) -expressing neurons on presympathetic neurons in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus ( PVN) of normotensive Wistar Kyoto ( WKY) rats or spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) , and to elucidate the underlying neuronal circuit mechanism of central sympathetic hyperexcitability. Methods The expression levels of CRF protein in WKY rats and SHR PVN were determined by Western blot. Meanwhile, the WKY and SHR PVN CRF-expressing neurons and presympathetic neurons were observed by immunofluo-rescent staining. Adult WKY rats and SHR were used in this study. By microinjection of Cre-dependent ade-no-associated viruses ( AAV) that specifically recognized the CRF promoter and AAV of chemogenetics into the PVN, CRF-expressing neurons expressed designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs). Human M3 muscarinic DREADD coupled to Gq receptor ( hM3 Dq) was specifically expressed in PVN CRF-expressing neurons in WKY rats, while human M4 muscarinic DREADD coupled to Gi receptor ( hM4Di) was specifically expressed in PVN CRF-expressing neurons in SHR. Clozapine-N-oxide (CNO) , as a designer ligand, would couple to excitatory hM3Dq or inhibitory hM4Di to regulate the excitability of PVN CRF-expressing neurons. Then the PVN presympathetic neurons were retrogradely labeled by microinjection of fluosecent tracer into the intermedio-lateral column (IML) of spinal cord. Lastly, whole cell patch clamp was used to determine the effect of CNO (10 jjumol L~ ) on spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents ( sEPSCs) and current-evoked firing of PVN presympathtic neurons of WKY rats and SHR. Results The expression of CRF protein in the PVN of SHR was significantly higher than that of WKY rats, and the activity and number of CRF-expressing neurons in the PVN of SHR were increased. PVN CRF-expressing neurons were expressed with chemogenetic DREADDs and PVN presympathetic neurons were retrogradely labeled with fluorescent tracer in WKY rats and SHR. In SHR expressed with chemogenetic inhibitory hM4Di-mCherry of PVN CRF-expressing neurons, bath application of CNO to the brain slices resulted in a significant decrease in sEPSCs frequency, but no change in their amplitude of labeled PVN presympathetic neurons. In contrast, in WKY rats expressed with excitatory hM3Dq-eGFP of PVN CRF-expressing neurons, CNO had no obvious effect on the sEPSCs frequency and amplitude in PVN presympathetic neurons. Furthermore, bath application of CNO had no significant effect on current-evoked firing of PVN presympathetic neurons of either WKY rats with hM3Dq-eGFP expression in CRF neurons or SHR with hM4Di-mCherry expression in CRF neurons. Conclusions The activity and number of PVN CRF-expressing neurons are increased in SHR, and CRF-expressing neurons enhance the excitability of presympathetic neurons, which acts as a regulatory neuronal microcircuit between CRF neurons and presympathetic neurons in the PVN.