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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the transdermal constituents of Euodiae Fructus and predict its molecular mechanism in treating diarrhea by transdermal drug delivery. Method:Ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and integrated pharmacology methods were used. The rapid identification of transdermal constituents of Euodiae Fructus was realized by the means of comparison of reference substances, analysis of UNIFI system and mass spectrometry. On this basis, Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP) v2.0, SymMap, DisGeNET databases and literature were used to collected potential targets of transdermal constituents of Euodiae Fructus and targets for diarrhea-related diseases. The disease targets and drug targets were topologically analyzed to obtain the core targets, which were used for the Gene Ontology (GO) function and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, Cytoscape 3.6.0 was used to build up a network of transdermal constituents-core targets-key pathways. Result:A total of 19 chemical constituents were speculatively identified from Euodiae Fructus extract, including quinolone alkaloids, limonins, indole alkaloids, organic acids and sterols. A total of 174 core targets of Euodiae Fructus for treating diarrhea were obtained by a topology analysis, signaling pathways of inflammatory response, cell proliferation, nutrient regulation and energy metabolism, signal transduction, bacterial infection were obtained through the analysis of KEGG enrichment. Conclusion:In this study, the transdermal constituents of Euodiae Fructus are identified for the first time, they can participate in the regulation of intestinal inflammation, maintain the integrity of intestinal mucosa, repaire and adjust the metabolism of the body by acting on Rac protein family, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, cytochrome P450 enzymes and aldo-keto reductase, respectively. In general, the molecular mechanism of Euodiae Fructus in the treatment of diarrhea is preliminarily elucidated.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 283-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885005

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors associate with apex or basal positive surgical margins in patients after radical prostatectomy.Methods:During the period from January 2013 to December 2017, data was collected in 180 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy in Urological department of Peking University Cancer Hospital. Surgical margins were stated negative, positive, apex positive, basal positive. Dichotomous logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the age, total prostate volume, biopsy positive cores, D’Amico risk classification, tumor pathology stage, Gleason score, tPSA, f/tPSA and pelvic lymph nodes metastasis with the PSMs.Results:PSMs were detected in 97 cases, including 78 cases with positive apex, 51 cases with positive basal, and 83 cases with negative margin, the PSMs proportion was 53.9%. In univariable analysis, pT 3b( OR=6.871, P=0.010), pT 4( OR=12.13, P<0.05), Gleason≥8( OR=4.989, P=0.005), pelvic lymph nodes metastasis( OR=9.516, P=0.043) associated with higher proportion of PSMs. In multivariable analysis, pT 3b( OR=5.782, P=0.030), pT 4( OR=10.15, P<0.05), Gleason≥8( OR=11.13, P=0.012) were the independent factors positively associated with higher proportion of PSMs. In univariable analysis, pT 3b( OR=4.040, P=0.026), Gleason≥8( OR=2.390, P=0.010) associated with higher proportion of apex positive. In multivariable analysis, Gleason≥8 ( OR=1.980, P=0.030) was the only independent factor associated with higher proportion of apex positive. In univariable analysis, D’Amico high risk ( OR=1.847, P=0.035), pT 4 ( OR=1.780, P=0.001) associated with higher proportion of basal positive. In multivariable analysis, D’Amico high risk ( OR=1.540, P=0.041) was the only independent factor associated with higher proportion of basal positive. Conclusions:In patients radical prostatectomy, pathology staging and Gleason score were associated with positive surgical margins.Gleason score was associated with positive apex margins, and D’Amico risk classification was associated with positive basal margins.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1196-1204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the inhibi tory effects of genistein on the growth of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma. CNE 1 cells and predict its potential target. METHODS :CCK-8 method was used to test the effects of 0(blank control ),12.5,25,50, 100,150 µmol/L genistein on the proliferation of CNE 1 cells after treated for 24,48,72 h. Flow cytometry was carried out to detect the effects of 0(blank control ),15,30,60 µmol/L genistein on the cell cycle and ap optosis of CNE 1 cells after treated for 24 h. Scratch test was used to investigate the effects of 0(blank control ), 10, 20, 30 µmol/L genistein on themigration ability of CNE 1 cells after treated for 24 h. High (No.18210156) throughput sequencing was conducted to discover the differential genes in CNE 1 cells after treated with 0(blankcontrol),30 µmol/L genistein for 24 h. RT-qPCR assay was adopted to verify the mRNA expression of related differential genes in above trials. RESULTS : Compared with blank control,12.5,25,50,100,150 µmol/L genistein sho wed significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of CNE 1 cells(P< 0.01),in a concentration- time-effect manner ;15,30 µmol/L genistein could arrest CNE 1 cell cycle at G 0/G1 stage(P<0.05 or P< 0.01);30,60 µmol/L could arrest CNE 1 cell cycle at G 2/M stage and promoted cell apoptosis (P<0.05 or P<0.01). 10,20,30 µmol/L genistein could significantly inhibit the migration ability of CNE 1 cells(padj<0.01). High throughput sequencing revealed a total of 2 271 differentialgenes(P<0.05),1 154 of which were up-regulated while 1 117 of which were down-regulated ;8 potential target genes ,including p53,p21,STC2,FGF2,CDK6,CYCLIN D ,PI3K,AKT,were screened by cell experiment. After validated by RT-qPCR assay ,mRNA expression of p53,p21,STC2,FGF2,CDK6,CYCLIN D and AKT were significantly down-regulated(P<0.05),which consistent with the sequencing results. CONCLUSIONS :Genistein can effectively inhibit the growth of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE 1 cells,the mechanism of which may associated with inhibiting the expression of mutant gene p53,restoring the function of wild-type P 53 protein and inhibiting the activity of PI 3K/Akt pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883181

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of heart rate variability in cardioinhibitory type vasovagal syncope(VVS-CI) children with different body mass index(BMI).Methods:Clinical data of thirty-four children with syncope or pre-syncope were retrospectively analyzed, who visited specialist clinic for syncope and diagnosed as VVS-CI at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2012 to December 2019.BMI was calculated based on height and weight, and divided into lean group(BMI≤18.4 kg/m 2, n=19) and normal group(BMI 18.5-23.9 kg/m 2, n=15). Heart rate variability(HRV) of 24 h dynamic electrocardiogram was analyzed using linear analysis method.Time domain index included SDNN, SDANN, rMSSD and pNN50.Frequency domain index included total power(TP), ultra low frequency power(ULF), very low frequency power(VLF), low frequency power(LF), high frequency power(HF) and LF/HF. Results:There was no significant difference in SDNN, SDANN and rMSSD between lean and normal group( P>0.05), but pNN50 increased in lean group( P<0.05). No significant differences were found in TP, ULF, LF, HF and LF/HF between two groups( P>0.05), while VLF was lower in lean group than that in normal group( P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in time domain index and frequency domain index between different gender between lean and normal group( P>0.05). SDNN, SDANN and LF were higher in<12 years old than those in≥12 years old in lean group( P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in rMSSD, pNN50, TP, ULF, VLF, HF and LF/HF( P>0.05). ULF increased and LF decreased in<12 years old compared to ≥12 years old in normal group( P<0.05). No statistical differences were found in SDNN, SDANN, rMSSD, pNN50, TP, VLF, HF and LF/HF( P>0.05). Conclusion:The autonomic nervous regulation function of VVS-CI children with low BMI and normal BMI is different, resulting in HRV difference.There were also differences in HRV between<12 years old and ≥12 years old with the same BMI.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883179

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the relationship between heart rate (HR) and heart rate differences (HRD) at different time points in head-up tilt test (HUTT) and the occurrence of postural tachycardia syndrome(POTS) in children and adolescents.Methods:A total of 217 children and adolescents diagnosed as POTS, who complained of syncope or presyncope, were chosen as POTS group (aged 6 to 16 years). During the same period, 73 healthy children and adolescents with matching gender and age were selected as control group.All subjects underwent HUTT from October 2000 to November 2019.Get HR (HR0, HR5, HR10) in baseline, HUTT 5 min and 10 min, HRD (HRD5, HRD10) of HR in HUTT 5 min and 10 min minus HR in baseline.Results:(1) HR5, HR10, HRD5, and HRD10 were higher in the POTS group than those in the control group( P<0.05). (2) Univariate Logistic regression: There was a correlation between HR5, HR10, HRD5, HRD10 and the risk of POTS( P<0.01). (3) Multivariable Logistic regression: For each additional unit of HRD5 and HRD10, the risk of POTS increased by 27% ( OR=1.27, 95% CI1.16 to 1.36) and 28% ( OR=1.28, 95% CI1.20 to 1.38). Conclusion:HR and HRD are related with the occurrence of POTS in children and adolescents, but HR and HRD at different time points of HUTT play the little role on the effect size of the occurrence of POTS.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883050

ABSTRACT

Sexual health is an important part of the overall health of patients.The ability of nurses to carry out sexual health care directly affects the overall level of medical care. This article reviews the concepts of sexual health and sexual health care, the evaluation tools of sexual health care, the practical models and influencing factors of nurses' sexual health care, with a view to providing a reference for improving the practice level of nurses carrying out sexual health care.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the circadian rhythm of blood pressure and morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) in children with neurally mediated syncope (NMS).Methods:From July 2018 to June 2019, 135 cases [aged 3-16 years old (10.12±2.53) years old, with 74 males and 61 females] with unexplained syncope, presyncope, and symptoms such as headache, dizziness, chest pain, and chest tightness were collected in the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University for the first time.The 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24 h ABPM) was completed on the same day of the head-up tilt test (HUTT). Patients were divided into HUTT negative and positive groups, and dippers and non-dippers groups. MBPS (sleep-trough surge) was calculated and compared respectively.Results:(1) There were 51 patients in the HUTT positive group, including 27 patients with vasovagal syncope, 23 patients with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, and 1 patient with orthostatic hypotension. In HUTT positive group, there were 22 cases (43.14%) of dippers and 29 cases of non-dippers.There were 84 patients in the HUTT negative group, there were 32 cases (38.10%) of dippers and 52 cases of non-dippers. There were no statistical significances in the dipper proportion between HUTT positive and negative group ( χ2=1.305, P>0.05). (2) Sleep-trough systolic blood pressure (SBP) surge was 1-45 mmHg [(15.97±8.03) mmHg](1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and sleep-trough diastolic blood pressure (DBP) surge was -6-43 mmHg[(14.05±7.97) mmHg]. There were no statistical significances in sleep-trough surge between the HUTT negative and positive group (all P>0.05). (3) The age in the dipper group was higher than that in the non-dipper group [(10.72±2.20) years old vs. (9.72±2.66) years old, t=2.288, P<0.05]. The daytime average SBP [(110.20±8.33) mmHg vs.(105.54±7.51) mmHg, t=3.381, P<0.01], and morning peak SBP [(109.99±10.19) mmHg vs.(106.63±8.71) mmHg, t=2.045, P<0.05] of the dipper group were higher than those of the non-dipper group.The nighttime average SBP[(95.41±7.50) mmHg vs.(98.59±6.88) mmHg, t=2.540, P<0.01], nighttime average DBP[(48.61±4.52) mmHg vs.(52.28±4.65) mmHg, t=4.547, P<0.01], nocturnal minimum SBP[(89.62±8.18) mmHg vs.(93.60±7.38) mmHg, t=2.940, P<0.01], and nocturnal minimum DBP[(44.99±5.32) mmHg vs.(49.01±5.54) mmHg, t=4.205, P<0.01] of the dipper group were lower than that of the non-dipper group.Nocturnal SBP reduction rate [(13.42±2.68)% vs.(6.48±2.49)%, t=15.384, P<0.01], nocturnal DBP reduction rate[(19.98±4.92)% vs.(12.46±5.05)%, t=8.561, P<0.01], sleep-trough SBP surge[(20.37±8.30) mmHg vs.(13.03±6.36) mmHg, t=5.800, P<0.01], and sleep-trough DBP surge[(16.91±8.06) mmHg vs.(12.13±7.36) mmHg, t=3.554, P<0.01] of the dipper group were higher than those of the non-dipper group. Conclusions:Nocturnal blood pressure reduction and sleep-trough surge decreased in NMS children, and there is a circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and response time of cardioinhibitory type vasovagal syncope (VVS-CI) in children.Methods:The clinical data of 56 children with syncope or pre-syncope were retrospectively analyzed and they visited specialist clinic for syncope and were diagnosed as VVS-CI in the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from December 2012 to September 2019.Based on height and weight, BMI was calculated, and divided into low BMI group (35 cases) and normal BMI group (21 cases). Between the 2 groups, baseline heart rate, head-up tilt test (HUTT) positive response heart rate, baseline head-up tilt test (BHUT) positive response time, and sublingual nitroglycerin-provocated HUTT (SNHUT) positive response time were compared.The correlation between BMI and positive response time was analyzed.SPSS 22.0 software was applied for statistical analysis.Results:There were no significant differences in age, sex, duration of disease and number of syncope between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). No significant differences were found in baseline heart rate and positive response heart rate between the 2 groups [(78.5±15.3) times/min vs.(72.8±8.7) times/min, t=1.223, P=0.230; (44.0±13.9) times/min vs.(47.0±10.0) times/min, t=-0.664, P=0.511]. Compared with normal BMI group, BHUT positive patients/SNHUT positive patients were higher in low BMI group (27/8 cases vs.9/12 cases, χ2=4.839, P=0.027), and the positive response time of BHUT was shorter [(13.1±4.6) min vs.(23.7±9.5) min, t=-2.691, P=0.023]. There were no significant differences in SNHUT positive response time between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Low BMI was correlated with BHUT positive response time ( r=0.750, P=0.005). Normal BMI was not associated with BHUT positive response time ( r=0.316, P=0.217). There was no correlation between low BMI and normal BMI and SNHUT positive response time ( r=0.177, P=0.431; r=0.021, P=0.940). Conclusions:Low BMI is positively correlated with BHUT positive response time of children with VVS-CI.The time it takes for syncope occurrence was shorter in children with low BMI than that in normal BMI.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882023

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a new method for the simultaneous determination of seven polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs)in water by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on solidification of floating organic droplet(DLLME-SFO)with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Methods The experimental conditions of DLLME-SFO were determined with dodecanol as extractant solvent, methanol as dispersive solvent, inonic strength increased by adding 8% NaCl. After vortexed for 1 min and centrifuged at 4 000 r/min for 5 min, the water sample was cooled down in an ice bath till dodecanol became solid and formed a small ball. Then the solidified dodecanol phase was transferred, and directly detected by GC-MS method after it melted. Results Good linearities were obtained for the seven polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons within the range of 5 μg/L-200 μg/L. The correlation coefficients were above 0.996. The detection limits ranged from 1.6 ng/L to 3.2 ng/L. The average recoveries ranged from 86.2% to 105% and the RSDs from 3.8% to 9.4%. Conclusion The method is sensitive, fast and simple. It has the advantage of little organic solvent consumption, which is friendly to environment and suitable for the detection of seven PAHs in water.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921344

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of the National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey for children 0-17 years of age in China (CNHSC) was to collect basic data on the nutrition, development, and health status for children in different regions across China using evidence-based, reliable, and cost-effective approaches. Children and their parents or guardians from seven regions (south, southwest, north, northwest, eastern, central, and northeast China) in China were recruited. A multi-stage stratified randomized sampling method was used. Two provinces were randomly sampled from each of the seven regions, from which one urban district and one rural country were also randomly sampled, resulting in a total of 28 survey counties/districts. Dietary surveys, health examinations, laboratory testing, and questionnaires were used to collect dietary intake, nutritional status, child development, and health status information. Nutrition, health, and lifestyle assessment of children and their parents was determined using the Knowledge Attitude Practice (KAP) survey. Greater than 100,000 children (38,000 children < 6 years of age and 66,000 children 6-17 years of age) completed the survey. The survey provided comprehensive data on child nutrition and health status for future studies and will serve as the basis for an integrated nutrition and health improvement strategies proposal for children in China.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child Development , Child, Preschool , China , Health Status , Health Surveys , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Nutrition Surveys
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921340

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to understand the characteristics of dietary patterns among children aged 12 to 23 months and discusses the relationship between dietary patterns and the growth of children.@*Method@#Cross-sectional data were selected from the National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey for 0 to 18 year-old children in China ( @*Results@#Four dietary patterns were identified among the children @*Conclusion@#Although China is undergoing rapid urbanization and economic development, there is still a phenomenon of insufficient intake of protein-rich foods and dairy-based dietary patterns at the stage of complementary food introduced among children aged 12 to 23 months.


Subject(s)
China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Growth , Humans , Infant , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Male
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1025-1034, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886993

ABSTRACT

In the past few decades, our understanding of platelets has made great progress. Platelets play an unexpected central role in cancer and greatly affect the behavior of cancer cells. At the same time, the physiology and phenotype of platelets are also affected by cancer cells. Therefore, platelet-based tumor targeted therapy strategies have attracted the attention of researchers, but the limitations of their application require more attention. In this paper, the strategies of platelet-based tumor targeted therapy are summarized, and the strategies of platelet mimicking nanocarrier delivery, platelet hitch riding, platelet membrane coating biomimetic and engineered platelet targeting are mainly introduced. The easy activation, hard storage and unknown functional and phenotypic changes of platelets were discussed. At the same time, the strategy of platelet-based targeted tumor therapy is reviewed from theoretical basis and practical application. The development potential of platelets in the field of tumor diagnosis and treatment is discussed, which will provide some theoretical reference for the study of platelet-related tumor diagnosis and targeted therapy.

13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 85-90, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879713

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignancies in Western countries. Studies have shown that androgen contributes to the progression of PCa, but how androgen promotes PCa remains largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated that androgen suppressed the expression of miR-760 depending on the interaction between androgen and androgen receptor (AR). miR-760 was downregulated in prostate cancer tissues compared with normal tissues. Functional experiments showed that miR-760 downregulation promoted the proliferation and growth of LNCaP and 22rv1 cells. In contrast, miR-760 ectopic expression inhibited the proliferation of LNCaP and 22rv1 cells. DNA synthesis was suppressed by miR-760. Mechanistically, miR-760 bound to the 3'UTR of interleukin 6 (IL6 ). A mutation in the binding site disrupted their interaction. In addition, silencing ofIL 6 suppressed the proliferation of LNCaP and 22rv1 cells. IL6 was upregulated in PCa tissues. Our study reveals that androgen downregulates miR-760 to promote the growth of PCa cells by regulating IL6.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 27-29, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911169

ABSTRACT

The incidence of prostate cancer is increasing year by year in China. People with BRCA mutation are at high risk of prostate cancer. However, there is no clear and effective treatment for mHSPC with high metastatic load carrying BRCA mutation. In this study, we report a mHSPC patient with high metastatic burden and germline BRCA1 gene mutation who rapidly progressed to mCRPC after traditional CAB therapy and then received ADT combined with abiraterone and achieved significant PSA response, suggesting that ADT combined with abiraterone may be an effective therapy for mHSPC patients with BRCA1 germline mutation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 725-729, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and safety of using the fourth arm in robot assisted partial nephrectomy via retroperitoneal approach.Methods:The clinical data of 480 patients with newly diagnosed renal tumors treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Zhejiang University from January 2016 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent robot assisted partial nephrectomy with the fourth arm and were divided into two groups according to the surgical approaches. There were 312 cases in the retroperitoneal group, 198 males and 114 females, aged 18-82 years, with an average of 54.0 years. The tumors were located in the right kidney in 152 cases (48.7%), left kidney in 155 cases(49.7%), double kidney in 5 cases (1.6%), with tumor size of (3.5±2.7) cm, R.E.N.A.L. score of 4-5 in 105 cases (33.7%), 6-8 in 143 cases(45.8%), and 9-12 in 64 cases (20.5%). There were 168 cases in the transperitoneal group, 105 males and 63 females, the age ranged from 21 to 79 years, with an average of 53.2 years. The tumors were located in the right kidney in 85 cases (50.6%), left kidney in 78 cases (46.4%), double kidney in 3 cases (1.8%), with tumor size of (3.8±2.9) cm, R.E.N.A.L. score of 4-5 in 52 cases (31.0%), 6-8 in 81 cases (48.2%), and 9-12 in 35 cases (20.8%). In the retroperitoneal group, the patients were placed in the 90 ° lateral position on the healthy side, the lens hole cannula was placed 2-3 cm above the iliac crest, and one operation hole cannula was placed 8 cm away from the lens hole cannula on the ventral and dorsal sides respectively. The included angle between the two operation holes and the lens hole was 150°-180°. The fourth arm operation hole was established 8 cm away from the ventral operation hole, and the included angle between the connecting line and the horizontal line is ≤15°. The fourth arm operating hole was placed with ProGrasp forceps, which can be used to push away fat, peritoneum, traction and lift kidney, etc., so as to obtain satisfactory operating space and position. The perioperative conditions and surgical complications of the two groups were compared.Results:The operations were successfully completed in both groups, and there was no conversion to open surgery. The installation time of retroperitoneal group and transperitoneal group were (12.3±5.3)min and (7.8±3.8)min respectively, the console time was (70.5±17.1)min and (89.4±23.9)min respectively, the warm ischemia time was (17.3±8.2)min and (19.2±9.1)min respectively, the intraoperative bleeding volume was (115.2±47.3)ml and (125.8±52.1)ml respectively, and the intestinal recovery time was (1.5±1.8)d and (2.7±2.4)d respectively.The postoperative hospital stay was(6.3±1.8)d and (7.4±2.8)d, respectively ( P<0.05). The positive rates of incision margin in retroperitoneal group and transperitoneal group were 0(0 cases) and 0.6% (1 case). The time of indwelling drainage tube was (4.6±2.5)d and (4.9±2.8)d, respectively, and there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the retroperitoneal group was lower than that in the transperitoneal group (67 cases, 21.5% vs. 51 cases, 30.3%, P=0.031). There was significant difference in the incidence of Clavien grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ complications (62 cases, 19.8% vs. 48 cases, 28.6%, P=0.030). There was no significant difference in the incidence of Clavien grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ complications (5 cases, 1.6% vs. 3 cases, 1.9%, P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with the transperitoneal approach, the retroperitoneal approach with the fourth arm robot assisted partial nephrectomy is safe and effective, with shorter operation time, warm ischemia time, postoperative recovery time and fewer complications.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 721-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy in the treatment of cystic renal masses.Methods:The 19 patients with cystic renal masses undergoing laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy from November 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 6 females. The average age was 46.2 years. The mean body mass index was (25.8±3.1) kg/m 2. The masses located in the left kidney in 7 cases and the right kidney in 12 cases. The ECOG scores were 0. The mean maximum diameter of the tumors was (2.8±1.3) cm. Five cases were diagnosed with Bosniak Ⅲ and 14 cases with Bosniak Ⅳ. According to R. E.N.A.L. scoring, 11 cases were of low difficulty (4-6 points), 7 cases of medium difficulty (7-9 points) and 1 case of high difficulty (10-12 points). The cystic renal masses were ablated by laparoscopic microwave ablation, then followed by partial nephrectomy. Postoperative complications were observed and the prognosis was assessed by CT or MRI. Results:The mean duration of operation was (84.0±20.8) min. The median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-50) ml. The median duration of postoperative hospitalization was 3 (2-6) d, and no complications such as bleeding, infection, gross hematuria or urine leakage were observed. According to the malignant degree of cystic renal masses, the patients were divided into low-risk group and high-risk group. The patients with benign cystic kidney tumors or with low biological malignancy were considered as the low-risk group, while the patients with high malignant pathology were considered as the high-risk group. In the low-risk group, there were 4 patients, including 1 patient with papillary adenoma, 1 patient with renal angiomyolipoma, 1 patient with low-grade malignant potential multilocular cystic renal tumor, and 1 patient with renal chromophobe carcinoma (stage T 1a). In the high-risk group, there were 15 cases, including 14 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (AJCC pathological stage: T 1a stage 11 cases, T 1b stage 3 cases; WHO/ISUP classification: 7 cases in grade 1, 6 cases in grade 2, and 1 case in grade 3); 1 case of Type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (stage T 1b, grade 2). The median follow-up was 20 months (12-37 months). Both groups survived, and no signs of tumor recurrence, implantation or metastasis were found in chest and abdomen imaging. Blood tests were performed regularly, and no significant abnormalities occurred. Conclusions:The safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy for the treatment of cystic renal masses is satisfactory, and postoperative pathology is clear, providing a potential option for cystic renal masses treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1163-1170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure and compare the geometric rotation axis of the talocrucial joint at different poses during the normal gait.Methods:The kinematic data of 15 healthy volunteers, 8 females, 7 males; age, 26.2±5.4 y (range 19-39 y); height, 170.4±6.9 cm (range 160-183 cm); mass, 65.6±14.0 kg (range 52-100 kg). They were collected using the dual-fluoroscopy technique, and the spatial position of the tibia and talus was determined using the 3D-2D registration method. The medial and lateral side of the trochlear of each talus was fitted by two spheres and the geometric rotation axis of the tibiotalar joint was defined as the line connecting the origins of two spheres. Compared the position and orientation of the axis for different poses during the gait and also compared the difference of the radius of the medial and lateral spheres fitting the trochlear of each talus.Results:The radii of the medial spheres fitting the trochlear of each talus 19.52±1.47 mm,were significantly less than that of the lateral spheres 20.62±1.49 ( t=7.081, P<0.05). The averaged anterior-posterior distance between the geometric rotation point of the tibiotalar joint were 1.54±1.84, 1.71±1.69, 1.70±1.57, 1.72±1.62, 1.80±1.75, 1.96±1.86 mm, respectively, while the averaged medial-lateral distance were 0.06±1.84, -0.03±1.83, 0.08±1.83, 0.10±1.73, 0.10±1.47, 0.09±1.46 mm, respectively, and the averaged superior-inferiordistance were -21.92±1.46, -22.10±1.32, -22.10±1.50, -22.06±1.64, -21.93±1.62, -21.98±1.50 mm, respectively. The averaged angle between the geometric rotation axis of the tibiotalar joint and coronal plane were 3.31°±2.48°, 3.10°±2.67°, 3.64°±2.71°, 3.96°±3.19°, 4.28°±2.82°, 4.16°±3.11°, respectively, while the averaged angle between that and sagittal plane were 84.11°± 2.42°, 83.77°±3.19°, 83.77°±3.45°, 83.81°±3.69°, 83.99°±2.97°, 84.23°±3.01°, respectively, and the averaged angle between that and transverse plane were 4.40°±2.93°, 4.54°±3.74°, 3.97°±3.34°, 3.73°±2.49°, 3.78°±2.76°, 4.48°±2.49°, respectively. The position and orientation of the geometrical rotation axis of the tibiotalar joint at different poses during the gait showed no significant difference ( P>0.05). The rotation axis orientated from laterally and inferiorly to medially and superiorly with an averaged inclination angle from the horizontal plane of 3.74° and an averaged deviation angle from the coronal plane of 4.15°. Conclusion:The geometric rotation axis of the tibiotalar joint was fixed during the gait, therefore fitting the talar trochlea with the two-sphere model with a small radius of the medial sphere and a large radius of the lateral sphere may better mimic the kinematics of tibiotalar joint.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1036-1041, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of blood-brain barrier permeability (BBBP) parameters based on CT perfusion (CTP) in predicting delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) within 24 hours of admission.Methods:Totally 69 patients underwent whole-brain CTP within 24 h after aneurysm rupture from July to November 2020 in Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College. The volume transfer constant (K trans) reflecting BBBP, the time to drain (TTD) and transit time to the center of the impulse response function (TMax) reflecting cerebral perfusion were obtained. Patients were divided into DCI and non-DCI groups. Quantitative and qualitative CTP parameters, clinical data were compared between the two groups. On the basis of univariate analysis, the multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors of DCI using the stepwise regression method. The predictive efficiency of clinical data and CTP parameters were evaluated by ROC analysis. Results:Twenty-one of 69 aSAH patients developed DCI. Whole brain average values of K trans (mK trans) in the DCI group [(0.67±0.16)ml/(100 ml·min)] were significantly higher than those in the non-DCI group [(0.41±0.15)ml/(100 ml·min), t=-6.454, P<0.001]. mK trans in the diffused hypoperfusion patients [(0.61±0.18)ml/(100 ml·min)] was significantly higher than that in the normal perfusion group [(0.36±0.15)ml/(100 ml·min), P<0.001] and localized hypoperfusion group [(0.43±0.16)ml/(100 ml·min), P<0.001]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed mK trans (OR=1.13, 95%CI 1.05-1.21, P=0.001), World Federation of Neurosurgery Scale (OR=5.35, 95%CI 1.12-25.65, P=0.036) and modified Fisher Score (OR=5.32, 95%CI 1.02-27.80, P=0.048) were significantly independent predictors of DCI. ROC curve analysis revealed that mK trans produced the highest AUC of 0.875 (95%CI 0.78-0.97), with a threshold of 0.545 ml/(100 ml·min) had sensitivity of 85.7%, specificity of 79.2% and Youden index of 64.9% for prediction of developing DCI. Conclusion:It is feasible to evaluate cerebral perfusion and BBBP status and predict the risk of developing DCI in aASH patients who admitted within 24 h after aneurysm rupture using whole-brain CTP.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the computed tomography (CT) features and diagnosis and treatment of emphysema pancreatitis (EP).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical and imaging data of 12 patients with EP who were admitted to Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2017 to June 2020 were collected. There were 10 males and 2 females, aged from 25 to 71 years, with a median age of 42 years. All patients received CT examination. Step-up treatment or one-step surgical treatment was performed on patients according to their conditions. Observation indicators: (1) CT features; (2) bacteriological characteristics; (3) treatment and follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination was conducted at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months to detect survival of patients up to January 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) CT features: 1 of the 12 patients underwent abdominal+pelvic CT plain scan, and 11 cases underwent abdominal+pelvic CT plain scan and enhanced scan of arterial and portal venous phase. CT examination of 12 patients showed diffuse enlargement of the pancreas, unclear borders and a large amount of exudation around the pancreas. Pancreatic necrotic tissues accounted for >30% of the total pancreatic volume; the Balthazar CT score was 10 (range, 8-10). Of the 12 patients, 5 cases showed that the exudation or necrosis involved bilateral prerenal fascia, 7 cases only involved the left prerenal fascia; the necrotic infection area of 11 patients formed obvious wraps. The distribution of pancreatic, peripancreatic infection and gas in 12 patients: 6 cases had pancreatic, peripancreatic infection and gas located in Ⅰ+Ⅱa area, 3 cases located in Ⅰ+Ⅱa+Ⅲ area, 2 cases located in Ⅰ+Ⅲ area, and 1 case located in Ⅰ area. There was gas in the pancreatic parenchyma in 12 patients, with fluid in the abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity. (2) Bacteriological characteristics: the culture results of peripancreatic necrotic issues in 12 patients were all positive for the pathogenic specimens, and 27 strains were cultured. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common in the culture of necrosis from 12 patients, followed by Escherichia coli and Enterococcus bacteria. Fungus was found in the culture of necrosis from 1 patient. Of the 12 patients, 5 had negative blood cultures and 7 had positive blood cultures. A total of 14 strains were cultured, with Klebsiella pneumoniae being the most common; fungus was found in the blood culture from 4 patients. (3) Treatment and follow-up: 1 patient underwent percutaneous catheter drainage, 7 underwent step-up surgical treatment, 4 underwent one-step surgical treatment; 11 patients undergoing surgical treatment received laparoscopic-assisted removal of pancreatic necrotic tissue, including 1 case with exploratory laparotomy due to abdominal hemorrhage. Of the 11 patients undergoing surgical treatment, 7 cases received the left retroperitoneal approach surgery (including 1 case combined with the upper abdominal median approach), 2 cases received the upper abdominal median transomental sac approach surgery, 1 case received the right retroperitoneal approach surgery, and 1 case received the left rectus abdominis approach surgery. The number of operations of all the 11 patients were (3.1±0.9)times, the number of step-up treatments was (3.6±0.8)times, and the number of one-step surgery was (2.3±0.5)times. Nine of 12 patients had organ dysfunction that lasted for more than 48 hours during the treatment, which received surgical treatment after organ support and anti-infection therapy. All the 12 patients were followed up for 6 months after operation, of which 9 cases were cured after treatment and 3 cases died including 1 case dying of bleeding and 2 cases dying of septic shock combined with multiple organ failure.Conclusions:Emphysema pancreatitis is complicated by pancreatic necrosis, which is characterized by pancreatic and peripancreatic gas accumulation on CT. Most patients with EP have organ failure. Surgery is an important treatment for EP.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the therapeutic effect of Bushen-Yijing-Tiansui Decoction combined with levoclodipine besylate in the treatment of senile hypertension. Methods:A total of 150 elderly hypertensive patients admitted in our hospital from January 2019 to February 2020 were randomly divided into 2 groups by a random number table method, with 75 in each. Both groups were given basic symptomatic treatment of other comorbidities and concurrent health education. The control group received oral amlodipine besylate tablets, and the observation group received Bushen-Yijing-Tiansui Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The TCM syndromes were scored before and after treatment, manometer was used to measure blood pressure and heart rate, the serum ET-1 level was detected by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), and the nitrate reductase method was used to detect serum NO levels, and adverse events occurred during treatment in the two groups were recorded. Results:The total effective rate of the observation group was 88.0% (66/75), and the control group was 73.3% (55/75), and the comparison difference in 2 groups was statistically significant ( χ2 =5.172, P=0.022). After treatment, the symptom scores of pain, palpitations, constipation, insomina, sore feeling on back and legs of the observation group were signigicantly lower than those in the control group ( t value were 5.814, 10.397, 12.094, 7.019, 6.121, all Ps<0.001). After treatment, heart rate [(79.60 ± 4.80) times/min vs. (84.30 ± 5.40) times/min, t=5.634], SBP [(144.8 ± 7.90) mmHg vs. (150.60 ± 7.90) mmHg, t=4.729], DBP [(78.80 ± 8.20) mmHg vs. (85.20 ± 9.10) mmHg, t=4.525] of the observation group were signigicantly lower than those of the control group ( P<0.01). After treatment, the serum ET-1 [(179.25 ± 30.45) μmol/L vs. (190.83 ± 30.89) μmol/L, t=2.312] of the observation group was signigicantly lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05), NO [(58.51 ± 8.78) μmol/L vs. (54.12 ± 9.03) μmol/L, t=3.019] of the observation group was signigicantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05). During treatment, the incidence of adverse events in the control group was 4.0% (3/75), and the observation group was 1.3% (1/75), and the two groups had no significant difference ( χ2 =1.027, P=0.311). Conclusion:Bushen-Yijing-Tiansui Decoction combined with levoclodipine besylate in the treatment of senile hypertension can relieve the clinical symptoms and blood pressure of patients, improve the function of vascular endothelial cells.

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