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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pain points of outpatient service in hospital from the patient′s perspective, and to provide new ideas for optimizing management of service quality.Methods:Ten top hospitals in China were selected to collect the poor evaluation texts of outpatient services published by patients on the Dianping.com from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019. The user′ pain-point analysis model was introduced, the pain-point index word collection was constructed according to the word frequency, the pain-point index was quantitatively analyzed combined with the sentimental value, and the content of the index words was analyzed through conceptual annotation.Results:The analysis of 1 259 poor evaluation texts showed that patients′ poor evaluation of outpatient service quality mainly focused on four aspects: interpersonal interaction, process factors, human-computer interaction and environmental factors. The poor attitude of medical staff in interpersonal interaction and the long queuing time and short treatment time in process factors were the most prominent.Conclusions:Online patient comment analysis is suitable for the identification and perception of pain points in outpatient service, and is helpful for the hospital to choose the direction and items of service improvement.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness of a modified upper lip lifting technique with retaining the nasal columellar base incision.Methods:From Jun. 2019 to Jun. 2020, 24 cosmetic patients (aged from 18 to 36 years, with mean 26.5 years) underwent upper lip lifting with skin flap resection of bilateral upper lip flaps and retained the nasal columellar base in Chengdu High-Tech Zone Xinyuerong Medical Aesthetic Clinic. These factors were analyzed, including postoperative complications, improvement of nasolabial angle, effectiveness of upper lip lifting and overall satisfaction.Results:In the 24 patients, 2 patients had numbness in the upper lip after surgery, and returned to normal after 4 months. The concealed scar was effective to improve the linear scar and scar contracture of traditional upper lip lifting. All patients were followed up for 3 months to 1 year. The satisfactory lifting effectiveness was obtained in 24 cases. As for overall satisfaction, 22 cases were very satisfied (91.7%) and 2 cases were satisfied (8.3%).Conclusions:This upper lip lifting surgical procedure of upper lip flaps with retaining the nasal columellar base incision has changed the traditional method to avoid the upper lip horizontal line scar, nasolabial angle contracture, while ensuring the columellar base blood supply is not damaged, with minimized and concealed scar. This surgical procedure is a safe and effective method and worth clinical application.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1631-1636, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of high mobility group protein 1(HMGB1) on the proliferation and cytokine expression of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC).@*METHODS@#Different concentrations of recombinant human HMGB1 protein (100, 200, 400, 800 and 1000 ng/ml) were incubated with MSC for 24, 48, 72 h and the proliferation of MSC were detected respectively by using the CCK-8 method and flow cytometry. The best concentrations of HMGB1 incubated with MSC was determined (200 ng/ml, 1000 ng/ml), and the flow cytomerty was used to determine the effect of HMGB1 on the proliferation of MSC. The mRNA expression levels of IL-10, TGF- β1, TSG-6 and IFN-γ in MSC incubated with HMGB1 protein were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The result of MSC identification and flow cytometry showed that the CD105, CD73 and CD90 were expressed, but did not expression CD45, CD34, CD11b, CD19 and HLA-DR; CCK-8 showed that HMGB1 at the concentrations of 100 ng/ml, 200 ng/ml and 400 ng/ml could promote the proliferation of MSC incubated for 24, 48 and 72 h as compared with the control group (P<0.05), and the most effective concentration was 200 ng/ml; flow cytometry showed that the compared with the control group, HMGB1 200 ng/ml could induce MSC from G1 phase to S phase to promote the proliferation of MSC; QPCR showed that the mRNA expression of MSC cytokines IL-10, TGF-β1, TSG-6 increased while IFN-γ decreased at the concentration of 200 ng/ml HMGB1 as compared with the control group. ELISA experiments showed that the HMGB1 200 ng/ml acting on MSC for 48 h could significantly promoted the secretion of IL-10, TGF-β 1 and TSG-6(P<0.05), while IFN-γ showed no significant difference as compared with control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Recombinant human HMGB1 can promote the proliferation and secretion of MSC in healthy people.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , HMGB1 Protein , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921820

ABSTRACT

Analyzing the influence of mixed emotional factors on false memory through brain function network is helpful to further explore the nature of brain memory. In this study, Deese-Roediger-Mc-Dermott (DRM) paradigm electroencephalogram (EEG) experiment was designed with mixed emotional memory materials, and different kinds of music were used to induce positive, calm and negative emotions of three groups of subjects. For the obtained false memory EEG signals, standardized low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography algorithm (sLORETA) was applied in the source localization, and then the functional network of cerebral cortex was built and analyzed. The results show that the positive group has the most false memories [(83.3 ± 6.8)%], the prefrontal lobe and left temporal lobe are activated, and the degree of activation and the density of brain network are significantly larger than those of the calm group and the negative group. In the calm group, the posterior prefrontal lobe and temporal lobe are activated, and the collectivization degree and the information transmission rate of brain network are larger than those of the positive and negative groups. The negative group has the least false memories [(73.3 ± 2.2)%], and the prefrontal lobe and right temporal lobe are activated. The brain network is the sparsest in the negative group, the degree of centralization is significantly larger than that of the calm group, but the collectivization degree and the information transmission rate of brain network are smaller than the positive group. The results show that the brain is stimulated by positive emotions, so more brain resources are used to memorize and associate words, which increases false memory. The activity of the brain is inhibited by negative emotions, which hinders the brain's memory and association of words and reduces false memory.


Subject(s)
Electroencephalography , Emotions , Humans , Memory , Music , Prefrontal Cortex
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888226

ABSTRACT

Mental fatigue is the subjective state of people after excessive consumption of information resources. Its impact on cognitive activities is mainly manifested as decreased alertness, poor memory and inattention, which is highly related to the performance after impaired working memory. In this paper, the partial directional coherence method was used to calculate the coherence coefficient of scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) of each electrode. The analysis of brain network and its attribute parameters was used to explore the changes of information resource allocation of working memory under mental fatigue. Mental fatigue was quickly induced by the experimental paradigm of adaptive N-back working memory. Twenty-five healthy college students were randomly recruited as subjects, including 14 males and 11 females, aged from 20 to 27 years old, all right-handed. The behavioral data and resting scalp EEG data were collected simultaneously. The results showed that the main information transmission pathway of the brain changed under mental fatigue, mainly in the frontal lobe and parietal lobe. The significant changes in brain network parameters indicated that the information transmission path of the brain decreased and the efficiency of information transmission decreased significantly. In the causal flow of each electrode and the information flow of each brain region, the inflow of information resources in the frontal lobe decreased under mental fatigue. Although the parietal lobe region and occipital lobe region became the main functional connection areas in the fatigue state, the inflow of information resources in these two regions was still reduced as a whole. These results indicated that mental fatigue affected the information resources allocation of working memory, especially in the frontal and parietal regions which were closely related to working memory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Brain , Female , Frontal Lobe , Humans , Male , Memory, Short-Term , Mental Fatigue , Resource Allocation , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888110

ABSTRACT

Fifteen compounds(1-15) were isolated from the 95% EtOH extract of the whole herb of Physalis minima by various chromatography techniques including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, middle chromatogram isolated gel(MCI), octadecyl silica(ODS), and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Their structures were elucidated by infrared spectroscopy(IR), ultraviolet spectroscopy(UV), high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry(HR-ESI-MS), nuclear magnetic re-sonance(NMR), and circular dichroism(CD) as(5S)-5,11-dihydroxy-3-methyl-5-pentylfuran-2(5H)-one(1), withaphysalin R(2), withaphysalin Q(3), withaphysanolide A(4), phaseic acid(5), grasshopper ketone(6), 3S,5R-dihydroxy-6S,7-megastigmadien-9-one(7), vanillic acid(8), 2-trans,4-trans-abscisic acid(9), capillasterolide(10), 5,3'-dihydroxy-3,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone(11),(-)-loliolide(12), 4-hydroxyacetophenone(13), acetosyringone(14), and aurantiamide acetate(15). Compound 1 was a new butenolide, and compounds 5-7 and 10-12 were isolated from the Physalis for the first time. Compounds 4, 13, and 15 were isolated for the first time from P. minima. Moreover, their anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated in vitro. Compound 12 was found to possess an inhibitory effect on the transcription of an NF-κB-dependent reporter gene in LPS-induced 293 T/NF-κB-luc cells at 10 μmol·L~(-1), showing an inhibitory rate of 62.31%±4.8%.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , NF-kappa B , Physalis , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885924

ABSTRACT

Antiphospholipid syndrome(APS) is a autoimmune system disorder caused by thrombosis and is usually accompanied with persistent positive. Antiphospholipid antibodies profiles(aPLs) is the key to diagnosing APS. The most frequently detectable aPLs in current clinical applications are anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL), anti-β2 glycoprotein Ⅰantibodies (anti-β2 GPI), and lupus anticoagulant (LA).However, it is found that the current laboratory diagnostic standard for APS based on these three aPL have many defects. The standard can′t meet the clinical needs. In this article, the research and development of antiphospholipid antibody in recent years are summarized, and the clinical value of non-classified standard antibodies such as IgA antibody isotype and anti-domain 1 β2-glycoprotein I antibody are reviewed.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885640

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes in T lymphocyte subsets, B lymphocytes and NK cells in children with active tuberculosis (TB) and their clinical significance.Methods:T lymphocyte subsets, B lymphocytes and NK cells in peripheral blood samples of 106 patients with acute TB (TB group) and 106 healthy children (healthy control group) were detected by flow cytometry and compared between different groups.Results:The percentages of CD3 + T, CD4 + T and NK cells as well as the CD4 +/CD8 + T cell ratio were significantly lower in the TB group than in the healthy control group ( Z=-3.783, P=0.000; Z=-5.401, P=0.000; Z=-3.434, P=0.001; Z=-2.014, P=0.044). The percentages of double negative T (DNT) and B cells in the TB group were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group ( Z=2.765, P=0.006; Z=6.880, P=0.000). No significant difference in the percentage of CD8 + T or double positive T (DPT) cells was observed between the two groups ( P>0.05). The expression of peripheral lymphocyte subsets varied in TB children of different age groups (0-<3, 3-<6, 6-<10 and 10-<16 years old). There were significant differences in CD3 + T, DNT and B cells among the four age groups ( H=10.081, P=0.018; H=14.583, P=0.002; H=8.498, P=0.037). The percentage of CD4 + T cells was significantly lower in children with extrapulmonary TB than in those with pulmonary TB ( Z=-3.068, P=0.002). No statistically significant difference in other lymphocyte subsets was found between children with extrapulmonary and pulmonary TB ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Tuberculosis could lead to immune dysfunction in children. Dynamic monitoring of the changes in peripheral lymphocyte subsets in children with TB could be conducive to better assessment of immune status and providing personalized treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878892

ABSTRACT

The rat osteoarthritis model was replicated by injection of sodium iodoacetate into the knee joint cavity, and the effects of Gancao Fuzi Decoction on rat osteoarthritis and the proteome of articular cartilage were investigated. Sixty SD rats weighing 230-250 g were randomly divided into normal group, model group, glucosamine sulfate group, and Gancao Fuzi Decoction high, medium and low dose groups. Osteoarthritis model was induced by intra-articular injection of sodium iodoacetate(3 mg on each leg) in all groups except the normal group. After modeling, each administration group was given intragastric administration for 1 month. During the administration period, joint pain test and joint width measurement were performed every week to observe the autonomous behavior of rats. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) method was used to detect the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3), and matrix metalloproteinase tissue inhibitor(TIMP-1) in rat joint lavage fluid. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe bone and joint morphology. Nano-LC-LTQ-Orbitrap system was used to detect arti-cular cartilage proteins. The results showed that, compared with the model group, Gancao Fuzi Decoction could significantly improve joint pain and joint swelling in osteoarthritis rats, significantly reduce the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and MMP-3 in the joint cavity la-vage fluid, increase the content of TIMP-1, and relieve inflammatory diseases such as enlarged joint space, rough cartilage edge, different thickness of cartilage layer, and disordered arrangement of chondrocytes. After comparing the proteins between the groups, 273 differential proteins were screened out. KEGG analysis found that the above differential proteins involved 43 signaling pathways such as systemic lupus erythematosus, among which 11 signaling pathways were related to osteoarthritis. The above results indicated that Gancao Fuzi Decoction had a preventive effect on osteoarthritis, and its mechanism of action may be accomplished by regulating the protein expression of osteoarthritis-related signal pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage, Articular , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Plant Extracts , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 185-190, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881006

ABSTRACT

After one-month of oral treatment with traditional Chinese medicine decoction, without using other drugs, the lung inflammatory exudate, pulmonary fibrosis and quality of life of a 61-year-old female patient with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were significantly improved. No recurrence or deterioration of the patient's condition was found within seven weeks of treatment and follow-up, and no adverse events occurred, indicating that oral Chinese medicine decoction was able to improve the pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in a patient recovering from COVID-19, but further research is still needed.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , COVID-19/virology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Exudates and Transudates , Female , Humans , Inflammation/etiology , Lung/pathology , Magnoliopsida , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Pulmonary Fibrosis/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873281

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of ancient recipe Yanghetang and its drug-contained serum on apoptosis of triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 based on the signal pathway of early growth response gene 1 (Egr1)/cyclin dependent inhibitor (p21). Method::The drug-containing serum of Yanghetang was prepared from rats, and MDA-MB-231 cells were cultured in vitro. The blank control group was set, and MDA-MB-231 cells in Yanghetang high, middle, and low dose groups (23.4, 11.7, 5.85 g·kg-1) were intervened for 24, 48, 72 h, respectively. After that, the cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) method was used to detect the cell proliferation of each group. The blank control group was set, while MDA-MB-231 cells in Yanghetang high, middle, and low dose groups (23.4, 11.7, 5.85 g·kg-1) were treated for 48 h, and then flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of each group and the distribution of cell cycle. The expression of Egr1 and p21 mRNA in each group was detected by quantificational Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), while the expression of Egr1 and p21 protein in each group was detected by Western blot. Result::After MDA-MB-231 cells were intervened by Yanghetang for 24, 48, 72 h, MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation was significantly inhibited in Yanghetang high and middle dose groups as compared with the blank control group (P<0.01). After MDA-MB-231 cells were intervened by Yanghetang for 48 h, the apoptosis was significantly increased in Yanghetang high and middle dose groups as compared with the blank control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). In the Yanghetang high, middle dose groups, the proportion of cell cycle G0/G1 phase decreased, and the proportion of G2/M phase increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The mRNA and protein expressions of Egr1, p21 were increased in Yanghetang high and middle groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Yanghetang can activate Egr1/p21 signaling pathway in MDA-MB-231 cells, increase the expression of Egr1 and p21, and cause G2/M cell cycle arrest, thereby inducing apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872945

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of serum containing Yanghetang (YHT) on the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells in breast cancer based on the mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38)/signal transduction and transcriptional activator 3 (STAT3) signal pathway. Method::YHT liquid with crude drug 1 g·mL-1 was prepared. Female SD rats were randomly divided into control group (distilled water), and high, medium and low-dose YHT groups (24, 12, 6 g·kg-1). YHT-medicated serum was prepared, and 10%medicated serum was used to intervene MCF-7 cells. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay (CCK-8) was used to detect the effect of serum containing YHT on MCF-7 cell proliferation, apoptosis of MCF-7 cells was detected by flow cytometry protein expressions of p38 and STAT3 were detected by Western blot, Quantitative Real-time PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expressions of B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-xl(Bcl-xl) and Survivin mRNA. Result::CCK-8 assay showed that YHT serum inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a time and dose-dependent manner compared with the blank group. The inhibitory effect was most obvious in the high-dose group, with the inhibition rates of 38%, 45%and 54%at different time points (P<0.01). Flow cytometry showed that, compared with the blank group, the apoptosis rate in the medium and high-dose groups increased significantly in a dose-dependent manner, with the apoptosis rates at 11.6%and 16.5%respectively (P<0.05, P<0.01). Western blot analysis showed that, compared with the blank group, the expressions of p38 and STAT3 protein was decreased in high, medium-dose YHT groups (P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the blank group, the expressions of Bcl-xl and Survivin mRNA were decreased in high, medium-dose YHT groups (P<0.05, P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion::YHT serum can promote the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells in breast cancer, which may be related to the p38/ STAT3 signaling pathway.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828130

ABSTRACT

Background music has been increasingly affecting people's lives. The research on the influence of background music on working memory has become a hot topic in brain science. In this paper, an improved electroencephalography (EEG) experiment based on n-back paradigm was designed. Fifteen university students without musical training were randomly selected to participate in the experiment, and their behavioral data and the EEG data were collected synchronously in order to explore the influence of different types of background music on spatial positioning cognition working memory. The exact low-resolution brain tomography algorithm (eLORETA) was applied to localize the EEG sources and the cross-correlation method was used to construct the cortical brain function networks based on the EEG source signals. Then the characteristics of the networks under different conditions were analyzed and compared to study the effects of background music on people's working memory. The results showed that the difference of peak periods after stimulated by different types of background music were mainly distributed in the signals of occipital lobe and temporal lobe ( < 0.05). The analysis results showed that the brain connectivity under the condition with background music were stronger than those under the condition without music. The connectivities in the right occipital and temporal lobes under the condition of rock music were significantly higher than those under the condition of classical music. The node degrees, the betweenness centrality and the clustering coefficients under the condition without music were lower than those under the condition with background music. The node degrees and clustering coefficients under the condition of classical music were lower than those under the condition of rock music. It indicates that music stimulation increases the brain activity and has an impact on the working memory, and the effect of rock music is more remarkable than that of classical music. The behavioral data showed that the response accuracy in the state of no music, classical music and rock music were 86.09% ± 0.090%, 80.96% ± 0.960% and 79.36% ± 0.360%, respectively. We conclude that background music has a negative impact on the working memory, for it takes up the cognitive resources and reduces the cognitive ability of spatial location.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cognition , Electroencephalography , Humans , Memory, Short-Term , Music
14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 752-759, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880956

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in patients with severe/critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this retrospective study, data were collected from 662 patients with severe/critical COVID-19 who were admitted to a designated hospital to treat patients with severe COVID-19 in Wuhan before March 20, 2020. All patients were divided into an exposed group (CHM users) and a control group (non-users). After propensity score matching in a 1:1 ratio, 156 CHM users were matched by propensity score to 156 non-users. No significant differences in seven baseline clinical variables were found between the two groups of patients. All-cause mortality was reported in 13 CHM users who died and 36 non-users who died. After multivariate adjustment, the mortality risk of CHM users was reduced by 82.2% (odds ratio 0.178, 95% CI 0.076-0.418; P < 0.001) compared with the non-users. Secondly, age (odds ratio 1.053, 95% CI 1.023-1.084; P < 0.001) and the proportion of severe/critical patients (odds ratio 0.063, 95% CI 0.028-0.143; P < 0.001) were the risk factors of mortality. These results show that the use of CHM may reduce the mortality of patients with severe/critical COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged , COVID-19/therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of adriamycin (ADM), idelalisib or ADM and their combination on cell proliferation and intracellular concentration of ADM, and to explore the reversal effect of idelalisib on drug resistance to ADM.@*METHODS@#The K562 and K562/ADM cells were respectively treated with ADM and idelalisib at different concentrations. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC@*RESULTS@#The cell survival rates were significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner when the cells were treated with different doses of ADM (0.001-10.000 mg/L ). The IC@*CONCLUSIONS@#Idelalisib exerts effect on inhibition of the proliferation in myeloid leukemia K562 and K562/ADM cells, which may partially reverse the drug resistance of K562/ADM cells to ADM. The mechanisms for the effect of idelalisib may be related to increasing the accumulation of ADM and inducing the cell apoptosis in the K562 and K562/ADM cells.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Cell Proliferation , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid , Purines , Quinazolinones
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773159

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the fruiting bodies of Tremella sanguinea were separated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel,ODS,Sephadex LH-20,and RP-HPLC. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data analysis,as well as comparisons with the data reported in the literature. Sixteen compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the fruiting bodies of T. sanguinea,which were identified as( 22 E)-5α,8α-epidioxy-24-methyl-cholesta-6,9( 11),22-trien-3β-ol( 1),( 22 E)-5α,8α-epidioxyergosta-6,22-dien-3β-ol( 2),cerevisterol( 3),ergosta-7-ene-3β,5α,6β-triol( 4),( 22 E)-6β-methoxyergosta-7,22-diene-3β,5α-diol( 5),ergosta-7-en-3β-ol( 6),4-hydroxy-methylincisterol( 7),2-pyrrolidone( 8),nicotinamide( 9),1-( 3-indolyl)-3-dihydroxypropan-1-one( 10),yangambin( 11),linoleic acid( 12),( 9 Z,12 Z,15 Z)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl octadeca-trienoate( 13),( 9 Z,12 Z)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl-octadeca-dienoate( 14),crypticin B( 15)and 3-phenyllactic acid( 16). All compounds were isolated from T. sanguinea for the first time. Except for compounds 6,9 and 12,the remained compounds were isolated from the genus Tremella for the first time.


Subject(s)
Basidiomycota , Chemistry , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Chemistry , Molecular Structure
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751833

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Yanghe decoction serum on the proliferation of breast cancer stem cells MDA-MB-231 and the expression of Smad3 and NF-κB. Methods According to the random number table method, 20 female SD rats were divided into blank control group and Yanghe decoction high, medium and low dose group. Drug serum were given gastric gavage of Yanghe decoction 28, 14, 7 g/kg, and control group were given gastric gavage of same volume saline. Each group of rats was given orally for 3 days to prepare 10% Yanghe decoction serum and blank serum. MDA-MB-231 cells were divided into blank control group and Yanghe decoction low, medium and high dose group according to random number table method. Low, medium and high dose Yanghe decoction groups were cultured with medium containing 10% Yanghe decoction high, medium and low dose drug serum, and the blank control group was cultured with medium containing 10% control serum. After drug intervention, the effects of each group on the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h were detected by MTT assay. The expression of Smad3 and NF-κB protein in each group was detected by Western blot. The expression of Smad3 and NF-κB mRNA in each group were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results Compared to the control group, Yanghe decoction low, medium and high dose group of cells for 24 h (1.143 ± 0.093, 0.953 ± 0.069, 0.874 ± 0.041 vs. 1.239 ± 0.160), 48 h (1.223 ± 0.129, 0.989 ± 0.093, 0.864 ± 0.105 vs. 1.389 ± 0.095), 72 h (1.092 ± 0.147, 0.881 ± 0.095, 0.719 ± 0.086 vs. 1.353 ± 0.150) proliferation activity were significantly lower (P<0.05 or P<0.01). After 48 h of drug intervention, the expression of Smad3 protein (0.974 ± 0.098, 0.844 ± 0.084, 0.789 ± 0.105 vs. 1.214 ± 0.012), NF-κB p50 protein (0.994 ± 0.047, 0.911 ± 0.015, 0.765 ± 0.084 vs. 1.147 ± 0.103) in the low, medium and high dose Yanghe decoction group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The expression of Smad3 mRNA (1.223 ± 0.129, 0.989 ± 0.093, 0.864 ± 0.105 vs.1.389 ± 0.095), NF-κB mRNA (1.092 ± 0.147, 0.881 ± 0.095, 0.719 ± 0.086 vs. 1.353 ± 0.150) significantly decreased in the Yanghe decoction group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions Yanghe decoction can inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer stem cell MDA-MB-231, and lower the expression of Smad3 and NF-κB.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791019

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the method to elicit the facial nerve F wave and to establish its reference values and its related parameters, in order to provide an electrophysiological basis for facial nerve assessment in patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS). Methods Thirty-six healthy volunteers and 22 patients with HFS underwent this project. Compound muscle action potentials (CAMP, or M waves) and F waves were elicited by stimulating the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve and recorded with needle electrodes placed in the mentalis muscle. The association between F parameters and Cohen Grading of the HFS patients were analyzed. Results There were no significant differences in F parameters between men and women or between the two sides in control subjects. Minimal latency of F wave (Fmin) and mean latency of F wave (Fmean) had positive correlations with head circumference (Fmin r=0.449, P=0.013; Fmean r=0.391, P=0.033), but had no correlations with age nor height. Patients with HFS had prolonged duration of F wave (Fdura) in spasm side, compared with normal side (13.1 ms vs. 9.5 ms, P<0.01) and healthy subjects (13.1 ms vs. 9.7 ms, P<0.001), and increased ratio of F-wave amplitude and M-wave amplitude (F/M) in spasm side, compared with normal side (6.9% vs. 3.8%, P<0.001) and healthy subjects (6.9% vs. 3.7%, P<0.001). F/M exhibited a positive correlation with Cohen Grading (r=0.538, P=0.001). Conclusion A clear facial nerve F wave can be achieved by stimulating the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve, which provides an objective basis for evaluation of the facial nerve function in HFS patients with increased F/M and prolonged Fdura.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801929

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect and mechanism of Erxian decoction on peri-menopausal cardiac electrophysiology in rats. Method: Female sprague-dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups:sham operation group, model group, estradiol valerate group, and low, medium and high-dose Erxian decoction groups. Except the sham operation group, the rats in the other groups were completely removed from the ovarian replication peri-menopausal rat model. At the same time, estradiol valerate group (8×10-4 g·kg -1·d-1), low-dose Erxian decoction group (4 g·kg-1·d-1), middle-dose Erxian decoction group (8 g·kg-1·d-1) and high-dose Erxian decoction group (12 g·kg-1·d-1), sham operation group and model group were given the same amount of normal saline. The administration was given once a day for 80 consecutive days. The electrocardiogram of rats was recorded by biosignal detector connected to lead Ⅱ electrode. The content of estradiol (E2) in rat serum was detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). The pathological changes of rat uterus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin. The expression of the estrogen alpha receptor (ERα) protein was detected by Western blot method in myocardial tissue of rat. Result: Compared with the sham operation group, the amplitudes of P wave, R wave and T wave in the electrocardiogram of the model group were significantly decreased (P2 level was significantly lower (Pα receptor protein in myocardial tissue was significantly decreased (P2 level (Pα receptor protein (PConclusion: Erxian decoction can improve cardiac electrophysiological changes in peri-menopausal rats, and its mechanism may be related to the increase of estrogen activity and estrogen receptor expression in rats.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800656

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the rules of TCM treatment of Asthma on different syndromes.@*Methods@#We searched the modern clinical literature of asthma treated by TCM form Chinese Clinical Literature Database, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang Database and CQVIP from 1949-2017, collected key information such as diseases, syndromes, and drug composition by human-computer integration and constructed a database. We calculated the co-occurrence matrix of syndrome-herb and the frequent item sets of herb for different syndromes using TCM Miner (http://tcmminer.cintcm.com:8023/tcm/index.jsp). The prescription and treatment of asthma with different syndrome were analyzed, and a new medicine prescription was proposed for common five kinds of common syndromes.@*Results@#There were 234 articles containing 124 syllables, 1 337 prescriptions and 290 herbs. For different syndromes, the high-frequency medicine was obviously different, which reflected the important ideas of TCM syndrome differentiation. According to five common syndromes including fever syndrome, cold syndrome, lung-spleen qi deficiency syndrome and kidney-yang deficiency syndrome, five new drug prescriptions have evolved.@*Conclusions@#Analysis of TCM prescriptions based on differentiating syndromes can explore the essence of TCM and provided ideas and data support for researchers.

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