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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936437


Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and incidence trend of gonorrhea in Hubei Province, and to provide reference for scientific formulation of prevention and control measures. Methods Based on the surveillance data of gonorrhea from 2010 to 2021, three-way distribution and ARIMA model were used for data analysis and incidence prediction. Results From 2010 to 2021, the reported incidence rate fluctuated between 3.01/100 000-7.07/100 000, and the average annual reported incidence rate was 4.62/100 000. The reported incidence rate showed the characteristics of “first fall and then rise, and then fall and rise again”, and the peak incidence period was from June to December. The male to female ratio of reported cases was 5.78:1, and the number of reported cases in the age group of 20-39 years old accounted for 62.43% of the total number of cases. The reported cases were mainly housework and unemployed, farmers, and unknown occupation. The severity of the regional incidence was divided into 5 categories by the Q-type clustering, and the most serious category included Shennongjia Forest District, Huangshi City, and Wuhan City. The ARIMA model predicted the incidence rate to be in good agreement with the actual incidence rate, with a predicted number of 3 343 cases in 2022. Conclusion At present, gonorrhea in Hubei Province is still at a high prevalence level. There are obvious differences in gender, age, occupation, and regional distribution. The ARIMA model is suitable for predicting the incidence of gonorrhea, and it is predicted that the incidence will increase slightly in 2022.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936428


Objective To explore spatial clustering of mumps in Hubei Province during 2010-2020, and to provide evidence for mumps prevention and control. Methods The surveillance data of mumps during 2010-2020 in Hubei Province was obtained from the national infectious diseases reporting information system. Trend surface analysis and spatial autocorrelation analysis of mumps incidences at county/district levels were performed using ArcGIS10.5 software. Results Mumps incidence rates in Hubei Province during 2010-2018 ranged from 8.70 per 100 000 to 44.99 per 100 000. The trend surface analysis showed that mumps incidences gradually decreased from west to east, and was low in the middle and high at the north-south direction. Global spatial autocorrelation showed that there were positive spatial correlations in every year except 2012 and 2014 (Morans I> 0, P <0.05). Local autocorrelation analysis showed that the hotspots of mumps incidences varied every year from 2010 to 2020. Conclusions According to the spatial analysis, mumps incidences had obvious spatial clustering in Hubei Province. The hotspots were mainly concentrated in the northwestern region of Hubei, but the hot spots also extended to the urban areas of eastern, central and northern Hubei. It is necessary to take appropriate prevention and control measures in the high-incidence areas.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862510


Objective To establish an ARIMA model and a seasonal index model to predict the trend of mumps, compare the advantages and disadvantages of the two models, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of mumps. Methods ARIMA model and seasonal index model were established based on the monthly incidence of mumps in Hubei Province from 2008 to 2019. Results The average annual incidence rate from 2008 to 2019 was 28.89 / 100,000. April-July was the month of high incidence. The established ARIMA model and seasonal index model were (1-1.070B+0.441B2-0.291B3)*(1-B12)*Xt=(1-0.611B12)*Ɛt and Xt=(2.802-0.006t)*St. The average relative errors of the ARIMA model and the seasonal index model were 11.49% and 20.86%, respectively. Conclusion The ARIMA model and the seasonal index model both have good applicability in predicting the onset time characteristics and trend of mumps. However, while the ARIMA model demonstrated more advantages in fitting the annual change trend, the seasonal index model is better in fitting the monthly change trend. The two models can be used in combination to predict the trend of mumps.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825671


Objective Summarize the characteristics of infectious disease reporting management, reflect on the exposed problems, and make reference suggestions under the situation of COVID-19. Methods In-depth analysis through literature research and practical demonstration. Results The functions of each department, organic integration, unified management, communication from top to bottom, upgrade and perfection, and information sharing can give full play to the early warning role of infectious disease surveillance. Conclusion The infectious disease reporting management system should be perfected and upgraded from top to bottom and from the inside out.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821194


Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of measles, predict the incidence trend of the disease, and provide reference for the development of measles prevention and elimination strategies. Methods Descriptive analysis, seasonal index method, clustering analysis and ARIMA model were used for data analysis and trend prediction. Results The average annual incidence of measles in 2005-2018 was 3.01/100,000. It was at a low level after 2009, and rebounded in 2018. The seasonal index of March-June was greater than 1, which was the month of high incidence. The incidence of men was higher than that of women. The 0-3 years old and 10-30 years old groups had a high incidence, and the population was mainly scattered children, students, and nursery children. The areas with high incidence were mainly northwestern and southeastern Hubei. ARIMA (0,1,0) (0,1,1) was the optimal model. The prediction analysis showed that the incidence rate in 2019 will be 1.26/100 000. Conclusion After the implementation of booster immunization, the measles epidemic in Hubei Province was at a low level, but it fluctuated greatly in recent years and is currently showing a rising trend. The incidence was high in spring. Cases were "biphasic shift" in groups 0-3 years old and 10-30 years old. Occupational distribution was consistent with the characteristics of high incidence in the age group. The mountain areas with poor sanitary conditions and economic backwardness, and regions with large population bases and high floating populations had a high incidence. The ARIMA model had good applicability in predicting the trend of measles incidence, which shows measles will continue to rise in 2019.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 187-92, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445520


The synthetic biology matures to promote the heterologous biosynthesis of the well-known drug paclitaxel that is one of the most important and active chemotherapeutic agents for the first-line clinical treatment of cancer. This review focuses on the construction and regulation of the biosynthetic pathway of paclitaxel intermediates in both Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In particular, the review also features the early efforts to design and overproduce taxadiene and the bottleneck of scale fermentation for producing the intermediates.