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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 69-73, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back.@*METHODS@#Between August 2018 and January 2023, the foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps were used to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back of 8 patients. There were 5 males and 3 females with the age ranged from 21 to 56 years (mean, 35.4 years). Wounds were located in the shoulder in 2 cases and in the shoulder and back in 6 cases. The causes of injury were chronic infection of skin and bone exposure in 2 cases, secondary wound after extensive resection of skin and soft tissue tumor in 4 cases, and wound formation caused by traffic accident in 2 cases. Skin defect areas ranged from 14 cm×13 cm to 20 cm×16 cm. The disease duration ranged from 12 days to 1 year (median, 6.6 months). A pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was designed and harvested. The flap was divided into A/B flap and then were folded to repair the wound, with the donor area of the flap being pulled and sutured in one stage.@*RESULTS@#All 7 flaps survived, with primary wound healing. One patient suffered from distal flap necrosis and delayed healing was achieved after dressing change. The incisions of all donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6 months to 4 years (mean, 24.7 months). The skin flap has a good appearance with no swelling in the pedicle. At last follow-up, 6 patients had no significant difference in bilateral shoulder joint motion, and 2 patients had a slight decrease in abduction range of motion compared with the healthy side. The patients' daily life were not affected, and linear scar was left in the donor site.@*CONCLUSION@#The foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap is an ideal method to repair the soft tissue defect of shoulder and back with simple operation, less damage to the donor site, and quick recovery after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Myocutaneous Flap/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Superficial Back Muscles/transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Wound Healing , Treatment Outcome , Perforator Flap
2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1501-1504, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of plantar medial thin skin flaps preserving plantar fascia with its superficial fascia tissue to repair skin defects in hands and feet.@*METHODS@#Between July 2017 and January 2023, 35 cases of hand and foot defects were repaired with plantar medial thin skin flaps preserving plantar fascia with its superficial fascia tissue (13 pedicled flaps and 22 free flaps). There were 18 males and 17 females, with an average age of 38.8 years (range, 8-56 years). Thirty cases of defects were caused by trauma, and the interval between injury and admission ranged from 2 to 6 hours (mean, 3.3 hours). Three cases were ulcer wounds with a course of 3.0, 3.8, and 7.0 months, respectively. Two cases were malignant melanoma. Eight cases of wounds located in the fingers, 13 cases in the palm, 12 cases in the heel, and 2 cases in the distal foot. The size of skin defects ranged from 4.0 cm×3.5 cm to 12.0 cm×10.0 cm, and the size of flap ranged from 5.0 cm×4.5 cm to 13.0 cm×11.0 cm. The donor sites were repaired with skin grafts.@*RESULTS@#All flaps were survived and the wounds healed by first intention after operation. The partial necrosis at the edge of the skin graft occurred in 1 case, which healed after dressing change; the other skin grafts survived successfully. All patients were followed up 6-24 months (mean, 18 months). The flaps exhibited similar color and thickness to the surrounding hand and foot skin. Two-point discrimination ranged from 7 to 10 mm in the flaps with an average of 8 mm. The donor sites had no painful scars or sensory abnormalities. Foot and ankle functions were good and gaits were normal.@*CONCLUSION@#Application of plantar medial thin skin flaps preserving plantar fascia with its superficial fascia tissue to repair skin defects in hands and feet had good flap shape, high survival rate of skin graft at the donor site, and no obvious complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Subcutaneous Tissue/surgery , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Fascia , Free Tissue Flaps , Treatment Outcome , Perforator Flap
3.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1410-1417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of tibial transverse transport (TTT) combined with modified neurolysis in treatment of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) through a prospective randomized controlled study.@*METHODS@#The patients with DFU and diabetic peripheral neuropathy, who were admitted between February 2020 and February 2022, were selected as the research objects, of which 31 cases met the selection criteria and were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups by random number table method. The 15 patients in the trial group were treated with TTT combined with modified neurolysis, and the 16 patients in the control group received treatment with TTT alone. There was no significant difference in gender, age, duration of DFU, ulcer area, Wagner classification, as well as preoperative foot skin temperature, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, ankle-brachial index (ABI), motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) of the common peroneal nerve, MNCV of the tibial nerve, MNCV of the deep peroneal nerve, two-point discrimination (2-PD) of heel, and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the common peroneal nerve between the two groups ( P>0.05). The time for ulcer healing, foot skin temperature, VAS scores, ABI, 2-PD of heel, and CSA of the common peroneal nerve before operation and at 6 and 12 months after operation were recorded and compared between groups. The differences in MNCV of the common peroneal nerve, MNCV of the tibial nerve, and MNCV of the deep peroneal nerve between pre-operation and 12 months after operation were calculated.@*RESULTS@#All patients in both groups were followed up 12-24 months (mean, 13.9 months). The surgical incisions in both groups healed by first intention and no needle tract infections occurred during the bone transport phase. Ulcer wounds in both groups healed successfully, and there was no significant difference in the healing time ( P>0.05). During the follow-up, there was no ulcer recurrences. At 12 months after operation, the MNCV of the common peroneal nerve, the MNCV of the tibial nerve, and the MNCV of the deep peroneal nerve in both groups accelerated when compared to preoperative values ( P<0.05). Furthermore, the trial group exhibited a greater acceleration in MNCV compared to the control group, and the difference was significant ( P<0.05). The foot skin temperature, VAS score, ABI, 2-PD of heel, and CSA of the common peroneal nerve at 6 and 12 months after operation significantly improved when compared with those before operation in both groups ( P<0.05). The 2-PD gradually improved over time, showing significant difference ( P<0.05). The 2-PD of heel and VAS score of the trial group were superior to the control group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in ABI, foot skin temperature, and CSA of the common peroneal nerve between groups after operation ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with TTT alone, the TTT combined with modified neurolysis for DFU can simultaneously solve both microcirculatory disorders and nerve compression, improve the quality of nerve function recovery, and enhance the patient's quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Microcirculation , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Diabetes Mellitus
4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 601-607, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect on scar in donor area of small-and medium-sized anterolateral thigh perforator flap(ALTPF) harvested from superficial and deep layer of the superficial fascia.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 31 patients who had small-and medium-sized soft tissue defects in the extremities and admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from January 2020 to February 2021. All the patients were repaired with ALTPFs. The sizes of defect ranged from 5.0 cm×3.5 cm to 17.0 cm×6.0 cm, and the flaps sized from 6.0 cm×4.0 cm to 20.0 cm×6.0 cm. Fifteen ALTPFs were harvested from superficial layer of superficial fascia (modified group), and 16 harvested from deep layer of superficial fascia (traditional group). The flap donor sites were sutured directly using the "Zunyi suture method". Appearance of scars was assessed within the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) and in addition the width of scars was been recorded. The data of the 2 groups were statistically analyzed. There was statistically significant difference when P<0.05. Results:All flaps were successfully viable. All wounds healed in Ⅰ stage and donor incisions healed in Ⅰ stage at 2-3 weeks after the surgery. All patients entered postoperative follow-up for 6 to 26 months, with a mean of 10.7 months. There was no ischaemic necrosis at the donor margin. There was no significant difference between circumference of thighs between the modified group and traditional group [ (0.10±0.40) cm and (0.03±0.39) cm, respectively]( P>0.05). VSS were found lower in the modified group (2.00±1.46) than that in the traditional group (3.06±1.61)( t=2.132, P=0.039), as well as the scars were found smaller at the widest point[(6.67±3.85) cm and(16.06±6.63) cm, respectively. t=2.807, P=0.005]. The differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). Conclusion:Small-and medium-sized ALTPFs, harvested in the superficial layer of superficial fascia, can reduce the width of the donor scar, improve the surgical outcome and increase patient satisfaction.

5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 481-485, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805621

ABSTRACT

In 600 BC, the first pedicled direct cutaneous artery perforator flap—the supravicular artery perforator flap was harvested by Sushruta. In 1973, the first free perforator flap—the superficial circumflex iliac artery flap in the groin was reported by Daniel and Taylor. In 1982, the septocutaneous perforator flap was reported by academician Zhong Shizhen. In 1989, the misculocutaneous perforator flap was reported by Koshima. Reviewing the history of flap surgery, there was a fact that the main evolutionary line was the course of perforator flap. In the future, the clinical application of the traditional random flap (reticulated blood supply flap) and traditional axial flap will be more and more less, whereas the clinical application of perforator flap, especially the direct cutaneous perforator flap and the special type of perforator flap will be more and more extensive.

6.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 571-576, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805411

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of preoperative designing for anterolateral femoral flap using three longitudinal and five transversal strategy.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to January 2017, 71 patients (73 pieces) were treated using anterolateral thigh flap in the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University. There were 48 males and 23 females, with the age of (36±18) years. The three longitudinal and five transversal designing was performed before operation. Portable Doppler ultrasound was used to detect the piercing-out position (P point) of perforators in Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ areas. The diameter, direction and length (lower subcutaneous segment of perforators) of perforators after leaving piercing-out position were observed during the operation. The piercing-in positions on superficial fascia and the dermis were observed.@*Results@#The data of 71 adults (73 legs) were evaluated. Before and during the operation, all the perforations were found in Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ areas. The number of perforators in region Ⅰ was 1.32±0.33, with the diameter of perforator at the piercing-out position was (0.79±0.13) mm. The length of subfascial segment of perforators was (1.54±0.97) cm, and the direction was oblique superolateral. The number of perforators in Ⅱ region was 1.21±0.53, with the diameter of perforator at the piercing-out position was (0.63±0.13) mm. The length of subfascial segment of perforators was (2.25±0.54) cm, and the direction was oblique inferoanterior. The distance form piercing-in position to line L was (0.84±0.42) cm. The number of perforators in the Ⅲ area was 2.22±0.49, with the diameter of perforators at the piercing-out position was (0.53±0.12) mm. The length of subfascial segment of perforator was (1.96±0.44) cm, and the direction was oblique inferoanterior. The distance between piercing-in positions to line L was (0.74±0.51) cm. The number of perforators in region Ⅳ was 1.41±0.72, with the length of subfascial segment of perforators was (1.22±0.45) cm and the direction was oblique inferolateral. There were 27 cases with oblique perforators, accounting for 37% of the total number of thighs.@*Conclusions@#This three longitudinal and five transversal designing is helpful to detect the expenditure point in the anterolateral femoral region, and is assistant to skin flap designing.

7.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 356-361, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805217

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of the perforator flap of the proper digital artery on the ulnar or radial side of the finger in the treatment of webbed scar contracture of the same finger in child.@*Methods@#From January 2012 to January 2016, 26 children who were treated with dressing change after burn of finger and then had webbed scar contracture along with growth and development were hospitalized in our unit, involving a total of 50 fingers. There were 14 males and 12 females among the children aged from 2 to 14 years. After the scar was dissected and released, the wound area ranged from 1.6 cm×1.0 cm to 5.0 cm×2.6 cm. The perforator flap of the proper digital artery of the ulnar or radial side of the same finger was used to repair the wound. The flap area ranged from 1.8 cm×1.0 cm to 4.6 cm×1.8 cm. The donor sites were sutured directly. The residual wounds in donor and recipient sites were repaired by full-thickness skin graft collected from inguinal area/adjacent area or adjacent perforator flap. The postoperative development and function of the fingers were followed up and observed. The range of motion of the fingers was evaluated according to the Chinese Medical Association Hand Surgery Society′s upper limb functional evaluation trial standard, the Kantor Scar Cosmesis Assessment and Rating Scale was used to score the scar of finger, and the latest data were recorded.@*Results@#The flaps and skin grafts survived successfully after operation. The patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months. The perforator flaps of the proper digital artery on the ulnar or radial side of the finger survived well at the latest follow-up, with good color and texture and a two-point discrimination distance of 9 to 12 mm. There was no contracture of the fingers, a little pigmentation in the skin graft area, no flexion deformity of the fingers, no lateral bending of the fingers to the flap-harvesting side, and no scar contracture at the webs of the fingers. Compared with that of healthy side, the development of finger was not obviously abnormal. The range of motion of the fingers was excellent in 38 fingers and good in 12 fingers, and the scar score of the fingers was 2-3 points in 31 fingers, 4-7 points in 15 fingers, and 8-10 points in 4 fingers.@*Conclusions@#The efficacy of perforator flap of the proper digital artery of the ulnar or radial side of finger in the treatment of the webbed scar contracture of the same finger in child is reliable, with high postoperative survival rate of the flap, better color and texture, and fewer complications, which can avoid the risk of re-contracture of the finger in a short period after operation, and does not affect the growth and development of the finger.

8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 218-220, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804891

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical effects of heel lateral flap in repair of skin and soft tissue defects at posterior heel region.@*Methods@#From September 2007 to April 2016, 24 patients (17 males and 7 females, aged 16-70 years) with skin and soft tissue defects at posterior heel region were admitted to our department. The size of skin and soft tissue defects after debridement ranged from 3.0 cm×2.0 cm to 5.0 cm×4.0 cm. The defects were repaired with heel lateral flaps, with size ranging from 3.5 cm×2.5 cm to 6.0 cm×5.0 cm. The flaps were transferred to the donor sites through the loose subcutaneous tunnel. The donor site was repaired by full-thickness skin graft collected from inguinal region. The survival of flaps and the follow-up of patients were observed.@*Results@#All flaps of 24 patients survived successfully. The recipient sites and donor sites were all healed. The patients all had follow-up of 6 to 24 months. At the last follow-up, the flaps were in good shape, with nearly normal color and soft texture. There were 6 cases of grade S3 sensation and 16 cases of grade S3+ sensation. The distance of two-point discrimination of flaps ranged from 6 to 11 mm. The lateral foot skin grafts healed well, and the skin of the lateral foot was numb in the range of 4.0 cm×2.0 cm to 9.0 cm×3.0 cm.@*Conclusions@#Heel lateral flap can not only repair the skin and soft tissue defects in the posterior region, but also reconstruct the sensory function of the posterior region. It is an ideal method to repair the skin and soft tissue defects in the posterior region.

9.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 205-208, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804889

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of free mini-flap on tibial side of third toe on repairing skin and soft tissue defect of finger pulp at the end of finger.@*Methods@#From August 2013 to May 2017, 18 patients with skin and soft tissue defect of finger pulp at the end of finger were admitted to our unit, with 12 men and 6 women aged 16 to 54 years. As the skin and soft tissue defect sites, there were 3 cases of thumb, 8 cases of index finger, 4 cases of middle finger, and 3 cases of ring finger. The area of defects ranged from 2.0 cm×1.4 cm to 3.5 cm×2.4 cm. Free mini-flaps on tibial side of third toes were designed according to area and shape of defects, and the length and width of flaps were 0.1 to 0.2 cm longer than the length and width of the defects, respectively. The area of flaps ranged from 2.1 cm×1.5 cm to 3.7 cm×2.6 cm. The end-to-end anastomosis of subcutaneous veins of flaps and superficial veins of the finger-palm side or superficial dorsal digital vein, the end-to-end tension-free anastomosis of the base metatarsal arteries on tibial side of third toe and proper digital arteries of recipient finger were performed. Besides, anastomosis of base metatarsal nerve on tibial side of third toe and proper digital nerve of recipient finger was performed. The donor sites on feet were sutured directly or repaired with full-thickness skin grafts on medial upper leg of the same side. The survival of flaps after operation and the follow-up of patients were observed.@*Results@#All flaps survived well, with good blood supply. Among the 18 patients, 2 patients lost to follow-up, and 16 patients were followed up for 4 to 36 months. The shape and texture of flaps were good. After reconstruction, finger pulps at the end of finger were plump, with fingerprint. Function of the finger restored well, and the two-point discriminatory distances of flaps were 5 to 10 mm. The donor sites on feet of 14 patients healed after the operation, the other 2 patients had necrosis on edge and central area of skin grafts, and the necrotic area healed after dressing change. The skin graft areas on feet were wear-resistant, with slight damage to donor sites and did not influence shoes wearing and walking. Besides, patients did not feel uncomfortable.@*Conclusions@#Skin and soft tissue defects of finger pulp at the end of finger repaired by free mini-flaps on tibial side of third toe are with good shape and slight damage to donor sites, and the operation is simple. It is worthy of popularization and application in clinic.

10.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 966-972, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796691

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To provide clinical guidance for clinical selection, through retrospective analysis for the advantages and disadvantages of superficial iliac circumflex artery and lateral circumflex femoral artery perforator flap in wound repair.@*Methods@#From July 2016 to January 2018, 89 cases were repaired with superficial iliac circumflex artery or lateral femoral circumflex artery perforator flap, including 32 cases of superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flap, 18 cases of upper limb, 6 cases of face and neck, and 8 cases of lower extremity. There were 52 cases of lateral circumflex femoral artery perforator flap, 21 cases of upper limb, 2 cases of neck, 3 cases of trunk, 26 cases of lower extremity, 5 cases of superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flap combined with lateral femoral circumflex artery perforator flap, 3 cases of upper limb and 2 cases of lower extremity. The perforators of superficial circumflex iliac artery or (and) lateral circumflex femoral artery were detected by portable Doppler flow detector before operation. According to the wound size, the superficial circumflex artery perforator flap or (and) lateral circumflex femoral artery perforator flap was or (were) designed and resected. End-to-end or end-to-side anastomosis was performed in vascular pedicle. In the combined resection group, the end-to-end or end-to-side anastomosis of the perforator of the lateral circumflex thigh artery was performed, and the pedicled part of the superficial circumflex iliac artery was used for supercharging.@*Results@#All the flaps survived successfully except one combined flap had tip necrosis on the superficial iliac circumflex artery perforator flap part. and healed after 2 weeks of dressing change. Venous crisis occurred on the first day after operation of superficial iliac circumflex artery perforator flap in 1 case.10 cases of lateral femoral circumflex artery perforator flap were slightly bloated and 3 cases returned to hospital for secondary thinning. All the flaps were soft in texture, satisfactory in shape and function, and numbed in the small area of the donor region of the perforator flap of lateral femoral circumflex artery in the early stage. All the patients had no severe complications after follow-up.@*Conclusions@#The perforator flap of superficial iliac circumflex artery and lateral femoral circumflex artery are ideal donor areas for wound repair. The perforator flap of superficial iliac circumflex artery is preferred for small area wound, hand wound and small bone defect. Lateral circumflex femoral perforator flap is suitable for all trunk and limbs with large or complex wounds.

11.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 66-69, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856630

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of relay flap on repairing skin and soft tissue defect of auricle and donor site. Methods: Between May 2014 and January 2016, 10 patients with auricular tumor were repaired by relay flap. There were 4 males and 6 females with an average age of 35 years (range, 21-69 years). There were basal cell carcinoma in 2 cases, pigmented nevus in 3 cases, papilloma in 4 cases, and Bowen's disease in 1 case. The size of the residual wound after tumor resection ranged from 1.1 cm×1.0 cm to 2.3 cm×1.7 cm. The superficial temporal artery posterior auricular perforator flap was used to repair the auricle defect wound. The size of flap ranged from 1.5 cm×1.4 cm to 2.8 cm×2.0 cm. The first donor site was repaired with the posterior auricular artery perforator propulsive flap. The size of flap ranged from 4.0 cm×2.0 cm to 7.5 cm×3.0 cm. The wound of the second donor site was sutured directly at the first stage. Results: All the flaps survived. The donor and recipient sites healed by first intention. The patients were followed up 10-28 months, with an average of 14.2 months. The appearance of reconstructed auricle was satisfactory, and the tumor had no recurrence. The appearance, color, texture, and thickness of the flaps were basically consistent with the recipient site, without obvious scar, traction deformity, or obvious abnormal sensation. Conclusion: The relay flap has advantages of reliable blood supply, the simple operation method, the concealed donor site, which is a good choice to repair the skin and soft tissue defect of auricle and donor site.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 624-629, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707349

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of relaying reversed peroneal artery perforator flaps in repairing skin and soft tissue defects at ankle and donor site.Methods A retrospective case series study was conducted on the clinical data of 23 cases of skin and soft tissue defects at ankle and donor site from September 2015 to May 2017.There were 16 males and seven females,with an average age of 35 years (range,18-69 years).The soft tissue defects of ankle ranged from 4.0 cm ×4.0 cm to 11.0 cm × 7.0 cm.The distal perforator flap of the peroneal artery was firstly cut and used to repair the soft tissue defect of the ankle.The proximal perforator flap of the peroneal artery was used to repair the first donor site,and the second donor site was directly sutured at stage Ⅰ.The perforator flap area ranges of the distal and the proximal perforator of the peroneal artery were 6.0 cm ×5.0 cm to 14.0 cm × 8.0 cm and 7.5 cm × 4.0 cm to 14.0 cm × 5.0 cm,respectively.The shape of recipient area and donor area were observed.The clinical effects were evaluated by American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Association (AOFAS) score and Weber two-point discrimination test.Results All patients were followed up for 6-19 months (mean,12 months).One case had partial necrosis of distal skin of ankle flap after operation and recovered 2 weeks after dressing change.All the other flaps survived smoothly in the first stage.The first donor site had no sunken area or rupture.Some linear scar remained at the second donor site,which did not affect the overall appearance.The flaps were smooth in appearance,good in texture,and close to normal color.The AOFAS score of the foot was 95-98 points,and the distance of two-point discrimination of flaps ranged from 8 to 10 mm.Conclusions The relaying reversed peroneal artery perforator flap has abundant blood supply,and the operation site is located at the lateral crural region,without sacrificing the main artery.It can improve the appearance and function of the first donor area while repairing the soft tissue defect of the ankle.

13.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 118-122, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505644

ABSTRACT

Objective To prospectively summary the piercing-out position,direction,length and piercing-in position of perforator,and investigate the feasibility of preoperative design and optimization of the anterolateral thigh flap and its clinical application.Methods All 58 cases of anterolateral thigh flaps were designed and taken from the lateral thigh area from January,2014 to January,2016.Portable Doppler ultrasound was used before an operation to detect the piercing-out position (point P) of perforators.The direction and length (lower subcutaneous segment of perforators) of perforators after leaving piercing-out position were observed during the operation.And the piercing-in positions (point P') on superficial fascia and the dermis were observed.Based on this,we added line B (anterior superior spine-lateral femoral epicondyle) and line C (anterior superior spine-the middle point of superior border of patella) in the lateral and anterior side of original ilium-patella line in the thigh (line A),respectively.Results All perforators found in 58 cases before and during the operations were located on line A or between line A and line B.No perforators were found between line A and line C.Perforators walked toward the anterior medial side after leaving the muscle membrane.The perforator vascular subcutaneous segment (distance between point P and point P') was (2.02±0.23) cm.There was rectus muscle branch in the descending branch of lateral femoral circumflex artery,while no rectus muscle cutaneous branch was seen.20 cases were designed by one-line method,12 cases were designed by two-line method,while 26 cases were designed by three-line method.Conclusion Advanced three-line method is beneficial to detect of the perforators on the anterior thigh lateral region and to reduce the intraoperative injury perforator vessels at the puncture point.Clinical application of the anterior lateral thigh flap is simple and reliable.

14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 428-432, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667623

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap preserving multiple perforators descending from lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA) in reconstruction of complex defects of children extremities.Methods From January,2016 to January,2017,7 children admitted with soft tissue defects were reconstructed with ALT free flap preserving multiple perforitors descending from LCFA.According to body surface projection and distribution patterns of perforators descending from LCFA,preoperative portable Doppler was used to localize these perforators.Fascia lata harvest was spared for those without ligament and articular joint reconstruction.Defects and fascia lata was closed primarily.All patients were followed up at regular intervals.Results Follow-up period was 3-9 months(mean,6.5 months.Follow-up methods include on-site follow-up,wechat follow-up,telephone follow-up,etc.).The color of ALT flaps was normal.The texture of ALT flap was good.The linear scar in donor sites was found.The paresthesia around incision in donor sites was complained of.Postoperative appearance and function of injured limbs was satisfactory.Conclusion Design of Unipaddled or multipaddled ALT free flap with multiple perforators descending from LCFA is flexible.Perforators are thick and consistent.ALT flap with multiple perforators descending from LCFA is an ideal one to be used in reconstruction of complex soft tissue defects.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 843-848, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661674

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) transplantation to improve the survival of ischemic ultra-long random skin flap vascularization,so as to promote the survival of skin flap.Methods The hAMSCs were isolated from human amnion,cultured in vitro,and identified by immunocytochemistry.The phenotype of hAMSCs was analyzed by flow cytometry.CellTrackerTM-CM-Dil was used to label before hAMSCs transplantation into skin flap.Twenty SD adult rats were selected and the 2 cm × 8 cm ischemic ultra-long random skin flap models were constructed in the left and right sides of the rat back.The pedicles of flaps were on the lliac crest level.The flaps were divided into left group (injection with 0.5 ml LG-DMEM) and right group (0.5 ml 1 × 106/ml hAMSCs) after the flap was lifted.The survival rate of flap was observed 7 d after surgery.The blood perfusion values,namely blood perfusion unit at pedicle and in the middle,were monitored by laser Doppler flow monitor at the immediate time,24 h,48 h,4 d and 7 d of the skin flap after surgery.The capillary density of the skin flap was observed through histological observation of the tissue (0.5 cm from adult and necrotic junction).The distribution and survival rate of CM-Dil labeled hAMSCs were observed by fluorescent microscope.Results In term of survival rate of the flap,left group was (50.6 ± 2.2) %,and right group was (70.9 ± 2.1) %.The survival rate of the flap in right group was greater than that of left group (P < 0.05).Blood perfusion unit detected in the pedicle of left group at days 4 and 7 after surgery was higher than that of the right group (P < 0.05).Blood perfusion unit in middle of flap of left group at 24 h,48 h,4 d and 7 d were lower than that of right group (P < 0.05).The flap capillary density at 7 d after surgery were (8.8 ± 1.2)/mm2 in left group and (23.5 ± 1.6)/mm2 in right group (P < 0.05).The tissue of flap was made frozen section,and the fluorescence microscope showed there were CM-Dil labeled hAMSCs in skip flap in right group,which could manifest the survival and distribution of hAMSCs in skip flap.Conclusion The application of hAMSCs in the middle and distal parts of ultralong random skin flap can significantly improve the survival rate of skin flap,and increase the density of microvascular reconstruction in the flap.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 843-848, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658755

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) transplantation to improve the survival of ischemic ultra-long random skin flap vascularization,so as to promote the survival of skin flap.Methods The hAMSCs were isolated from human amnion,cultured in vitro,and identified by immunocytochemistry.The phenotype of hAMSCs was analyzed by flow cytometry.CellTrackerTM-CM-Dil was used to label before hAMSCs transplantation into skin flap.Twenty SD adult rats were selected and the 2 cm × 8 cm ischemic ultra-long random skin flap models were constructed in the left and right sides of the rat back.The pedicles of flaps were on the lliac crest level.The flaps were divided into left group (injection with 0.5 ml LG-DMEM) and right group (0.5 ml 1 × 106/ml hAMSCs) after the flap was lifted.The survival rate of flap was observed 7 d after surgery.The blood perfusion values,namely blood perfusion unit at pedicle and in the middle,were monitored by laser Doppler flow monitor at the immediate time,24 h,48 h,4 d and 7 d of the skin flap after surgery.The capillary density of the skin flap was observed through histological observation of the tissue (0.5 cm from adult and necrotic junction).The distribution and survival rate of CM-Dil labeled hAMSCs were observed by fluorescent microscope.Results In term of survival rate of the flap,left group was (50.6 ± 2.2) %,and right group was (70.9 ± 2.1) %.The survival rate of the flap in right group was greater than that of left group (P < 0.05).Blood perfusion unit detected in the pedicle of left group at days 4 and 7 after surgery was higher than that of the right group (P < 0.05).Blood perfusion unit in middle of flap of left group at 24 h,48 h,4 d and 7 d were lower than that of right group (P < 0.05).The flap capillary density at 7 d after surgery were (8.8 ± 1.2)/mm2 in left group and (23.5 ± 1.6)/mm2 in right group (P < 0.05).The tissue of flap was made frozen section,and the fluorescence microscope showed there were CM-Dil labeled hAMSCs in skip flap in right group,which could manifest the survival and distribution of hAMSCs in skip flap.Conclusion The application of hAMSCs in the middle and distal parts of ultralong random skin flap can significantly improve the survival rate of skin flap,and increase the density of microvascular reconstruction in the flap.

17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 204-207, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327357

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the therapeutic effects of repair of skin and soft tissue defects at distal end of finger with serrated flap with digital proper artery and nerve pedicle combined with bilaterally pedicled V-Y advancement flap of the injured finger.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirteen patients with skin and soft tissue defects at distal end of 13 fingers were hospitalized from September 2013 to January 2015. After debridement, the wound area of finger ranged from 1.2 cm × 0.8 cm to 1.8 cm × 1.5 cm. Serrated flap with digital proper artery and nerve pedicle combined with bilaterally pedicled V-Y advancement flap of the injured finger were used to repair the defect. The flaps were interruptedly sutured. The areas of bilaterally pedicled V-Y advancement flap and serrated flap with digital proper artery and nerve pedicle ranged from 0.52 to 1.11 and 2.60 to 5.23 cm(2,) respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All flaps of 13 patients survived completely. The patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months. The color and texture of the flaps were good. After reconstruction, the finger tips were in round in shape. The appearance of the fingers was consistent with that of the normal fingers, and joint motility was normal. No hook-nail deformity or knuckle dysfunction was found. Sensation of the flaps was estimated as S4, and the distance of two-point discrimination ranged from 2 to 3 mm. The recovery of the joint motion function of the fingers was excellent.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Serrated flap with digital proper artery and nerve pedicle, combined with bilaterally pedicled V-Y advancement flap from the injured finger can repair the skin and soft tissue defects at distal end of finger with reliable blood supply and simple operative technic. It also could avoid the formation of deformity subsequent to a linear scar, and a satisfactory appearance with good function could be obtained.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries , Cicatrix , Debridement , Finger Injuries , General Surgery , Fingers , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Flaps , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing
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