Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1355-1358, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706000

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence and predictors of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) after surgical clipping between unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) and ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RIAs).Methods A retrospective cohort study was adopted to collect 486 cases of aneurysm patients (102 cases of UIAs patients and 384 RIAs patients) closed by aneurysm surgery who were admitted to the department of neurosurgery of The Fifth People's Hospital of Chengdu from October 2009 to December 2017.The clinical data,preoperative and postoperative imaging data and postoperative follow-up results were collected.The incidence of CSDH after operation in UIAs patients and RIAs patients was compared.The risk factors of CSDH after UIAs and RIAs patients were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression model.Results The incidence of CSDH in UIAs and RIAs patients (10.78% vs 3.13%,x2 =10.487,P =0.001) and the reoperation rate after CSDH (3.92% vs 0.78%;x2 =5.599,P =0.018) were all statistically different,all of which showed that the patients with UIAs were higher than those of the patients with RIAs.Brain atrophy of grade 3-4 (OR =1.978,95% CI:1.939-2.030,P < 0.001),subdural effusion CT value ≥40 (OR =3.394,95% CI:2.908-3.867,P < 0.001) and subdural effusion (OR =2.872,95% CI:2.648-3.019,P <0.001 grade) of Ⅰ B are independent risk factors of CSDH in patients with UIAs after aneurysm clipping (P <0.05).Subdural effusion CT value ≥ 40 (OR =3.442,95% CI:2.918-3.8769,P < 0.001) and grade Ⅰ B subdural effusion (OR =2.329,95% CI:2.011-2.564,P < 0.001) are independent risk factors for CSDH in patients with RIAs after aneurysm clipping (P <0.05).Conclusions The incidence of CSDH after aneurysm clipping in UIAs patients was significantly higher than that of RIAs patients.The risk factors for CSDH in the two groups were not the same.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248732

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the distribution of both HBsAg and HBsAb negative adults in Mianyang, Sichuan province, and provide evidences for the development of adult immunization policy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2013 to April 2014, a total of 200 929 people aged ≥15 years were selected in Mianyang through stratified cluster random sampling to conduct an interview with standard questionnaire. The blood samples were collected from them for the detection of HBsAg and HBsAb with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the people surveyed, 13 903 were HBsAg positive (7.0%), 93 763 were HBsAb positive (46.6%), and 93 122 were both HBsAg and HBsAb negative (46.3%). The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb in females (47.1%) was higher than that in males (45.4%). The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb increased with age. The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb was highest in people aged ≥65 years (50.3%) and lowest in people aged 15-24 years (42.9%). The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb was highest in farmers (51.1%) and lowest in medical workers (24.1%). The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb was highest in the widowed (51.1%) and lowest in the unmarried (41.6%). The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb was lower in people with family history of hepatitis B (36.5%) than in people without family history of hepatitis B (46.6%). The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb in Han ethnic group was lower (46.3%) than that in Qiang ethnic group (53.1%), but higher than that in other ethnic groups (43.9%). The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb was higher in rural area (48.9%) than in urban area (43.0%). The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb was lower in people who had received hepatitis B immunization (43.7%) than in people who had received no hepatitis B immunization (47.3%). The differences were all statistical significant (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The negative rate of both HBsAg and HBsAb was 46.3% in people aged ≥15 years in Mianyang. General population are susceptible to hepatitis B virus infection. It is necessary to develop and implement appropriate hepatitis B immunization strategy for local adult population.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , China , Epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Ethnic Groups , Female , Health Personnel , Hepatitis B , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Hepatitis B virus , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vaccination , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL