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China Pharmacy ; (12): 731-734, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704664


OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for understanding the significance of drug proportion control deeply and future direction of hospital reform. METHODS:The data were collected from the relevant statistical reports of our hospital in August 2016,June and August 2017. The data were analyzed statistically and compared in respects of drug proportion,income,medical cost,ratio of essential medicine types,prescription amount(outpatient and emergency department),utilization rate and utilization density(AUD)of antibiotics in whole hospital,outpatient and emergency department,inpatient department. RESULTS:The drug proportion of our hospital was decreased significantly in Aug. 2017(after drug price reform),which fell by 13.35% from the previous month and 17.58% year-on-year. Hospital revenues were on the rise,which increased by 6.92% from the previous month and 11.45% year-on-year. Outpatient and emergency income was decreased slightly from the previous month(by 2.73%). Inpatient income was increased significantly from the previous month(by 9.76%). Per capita medical cost in outpatient and emergency department were increased,which increased by 4.01% from the previous month and 9.62% year-on-year;per capita medical cost of inpatients were declined,which fell by 0.91% from the previous month and 3.11% year-on-year. The ratio of essential medicine types in the whole hospital was decreased slightly from the previous month but increased by 17.79% year-on-year. Drug amount of outpatient and emergency prescriptions was decreased by 11.34% from the previous month and prescription amount decreased by 9.16% year-on-year. The utilization rate of antibiotics in the whole hospital was decreased by 8.10% from the previous month;AUD was decreased by 3.88% from the previous month and 13.88%year-on-year. CONCLUSIONS:After drug price reform,drug proportion of our hospital is effectively controlled,which has a positive influence on the operation of medical service system and patient medical cost. At the same time,some problems that need to be solved are also exposed,such as increase in per capita medical costs and the decrease in the number of outpatient and emergency patients. So,drug proportion control is only the first step in deepening hospital reform,and the follow-up motivation still needs to be provided continuously through strengthening rational drug use.

Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 718-722, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468270


Objective: To determine the distribution characteristics of waist circumference (WC), waist height ratio (WHtR) of 6–18 years olds in Guangzhou, and to put forward the WC and WHtR appropriate boundary values for 6–18 years olds on the basis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor assessment. Methods: We analyzed the height, weight, WC and its metabolic indication data (blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and blood lipids) of 15 000 children in Guangzhou, aged 6–18, with the receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC), and explored the best value point of WC and WHtRfor the prediction of cardiovascular diseases. Results: When the WC percent reached P85, and WHtR reached 0.48, the cardiovascular risk factors of fasting blood-glucose, blood pressure, and blood fat were signiifcantly higher. Conclusion: The 85th percentile value of WC and 0.48 of WHtR are the appropriate boundary values in increasing the cardiovascular disease risk factors in Chinese children and teenagers. WC and WHtR as a relatively simple inspection method, can well predict cardiovascular diseases, and be used in the conventional measuring items among students.

Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 870-873, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386559


Objective To investigate the risk factors for osteoporosis (OP) in aged people at Beicai Town in Shanghai, to provide proofs for preventing OP. Methods Questionnaire survey was carried out on bone density in 608 aged people (aged from 60 to 79 years) who were randomly chosen from 4 resident committees of Beicai Town in Shanghai. Everyone underwent bone mineral density (BMD) assay of lumbar spine and total hip by DEXA machine. Results The rate of OP was 23 % in male group, and 61% in female group. It was 40% in 60-64 years old group, 44% in 65-69 years old group, 53% in 70-74 years old group and 66% in 75-79 years old group. The rate of OP was 52% in manual work group, and 42 % in non-manual work group. In males, it was 54 % in current weight less than 60 kg group, 19% in 60-70 kg group, 15% in 70-80 kg group and 23% in over 80 kg group. In females, it was 76% in current weight less than 50 kg group, 67% in 50-60 kg group, 63% in 60-70kg group, 30% in over 70 kg group. It was 56% in low body weight group, 41% in normal weight group and 58% in over weight group in their 25-year-old. It was 61% in normal body weight group, 43% in overweight group. It was 41% in non-fracture history group, 67% in once fracture group,74% in fracture history more than twice group. It was 60% in mother humpback history group, and 47% in no history of mother humpback group. Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, age,history of fracture, mother's humpbacked history, disease of internal secretion and metabolism system were the risk factors for OP. Conclusions The occurrence of OP is related with many factors in aged people at Beicai Town in Shanghai, especially for the aged women, who suffer from diseases of internal secretion and metabolism, and has the history of fracture and mother's humpbacked, the attention should be payed to the prevention and treatment of OP.