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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592146


OBJECTIVE To investigate the hand hygiene situation of medical staff in order to carry out supervising and monitoring on their hand hygiene pertinently.METHODS The hand hygiene monitoring data from Jan 2004 to Dec 2007 were retrospectively analyzed.RESULTS The total qualified rate of medical staff hand hygiene was 91.4%;the qualified rate of hand hygiene monitoring for doctors was 89.8%,and it was 96.7% for nurses;the qualified rate of medical staff working in the type-Ⅱenvironment was 93.6%,and the qualified rate of those working in the type-Ⅲ environment was 95.2%;for medical students and refresher doctors,it was 81.0 %.CONCLUSIONS The medical staff still lack the knowledge on hands' cleanliness and disinfection.The supervisors should strengthen monitoring on hand hygiene;some new regulations should be established and practiced,and the hand washing equipments should be updated;the medical staff's compliance of hand hygiene should be improved,and their conceptions of hand hygiene should be strengthened;all-sided originalities on hand hygiene should be carried out in order to reduce the occurring of hospital infections.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589686


OBJECTIVE To find out relative risk factors of nosocomial infection in order to provide the evidence for taking measures to effectively control and reduce the infection rate.METHODS A retrospective survey was carried out on 19 535 cases of hospitalized patients during Jan and Dec of 2006.RESULTS In 2006,the nosocomial infection patients were 389,and the nosocomial infection rate of hospitalized patients was 1.99%;the sections with higher infection rates were respectively as follows: ICU,department of neurology,department of oncology,department of nephrology and department of pediatrics;the infected part of the body mainly occurred in respiratory tract,urinary tract,and gastrointestinal tract.In the nosocomial infection,132 strains were detected and its main pathogens were Gram-negative bacteria(52.27%).CONCLUSIONS The effective measures to control and prevent nosocomial infection rates should involve rational use of antibiotic drugs,increasing in the rate of delivering samples,shortening the period of hospitalization,decreasing in the aggressive operations and strengthening inspections of key departments.