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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711557

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate effects of flush fluid of different temperatures on pain, comfort and adverse reactions in patients receiving choledochoscopy via T tube for residual bile duct stones. Methods Patients who underwent choledochoscopy were divided into the experimental group ( 36℃ saline was used as flush fluid) and control group ( room temperature saline was used as flush fluid) randomly. Pain degree, comfort degree, procedure time, the total amount of flush fluid, infusion speed and adverse reactions were recorded and analyzed. Results A total of 100 cases were included, 50 cases in each group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in their education level, working condition, operation methods, T-tube size, necessity for lithotripsy, procedure time, total amount of flush fluid and infusion speed (all P>0. 05). The pain scores were 1. 0(1. 00, 2. 00) and 2. 0(1. 00, 3. 25) (Z=-2. 158,P=0. 031) and the comfort scores were 6. 0(5. 00, 7. 25) and 5. 0(2. 00, 6. 00) (Z=-3. 384,P=0. 001) in the experimental group and the control group, respectively. There was significant difference in the change rate of heart rate during and before procedure between the two groups (-4. 07%± 10. 76% VS 0. 30%± 10. 23%, P=0. 046) . The incidence of postoperative diarrhea in the experimental group and the control group was 6%( 3/50) and 22% ( 11/50 ) , respectively (χ2=5. 316, P=0. 021 ) . Conclusion 36℃ saline flush can reduce pain scores, improve comfort degree and reduce the incidence of postoperative diarrhea after procedure in patients undergoing choledochoscopy via T tube.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711539

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the efficacy of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided biliary drainage ( EUS-BD) for malignant obstructive jaundice and the management of adverse events. Methods Clinical data of 12 patients with malignant obstructive jaundice, who underwent EUS-BD between April 2016 and January 2017, were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received EUS-BD after unsuccessful ERCP, including EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy ( EUS-HGS ) , EUS-guided antegrade stenting ( EUS-AS ) , and EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy(EUS-CDS). Procedure outcomes, serum bilirubin and liver enzyme levels before the procedure and 1 week after, complications, treatment results, hospitalization time and follow-up were recorded. Results Two patients underwent EUS-HGS, 3 underwent EUS-AS, and 7 underwent EUS-CDS. Total bilirubin ( t=3. 462, P=0. 005 ) , direct bilirubin ( t=3. 351, P=0. 006 ) , alanine transaminase (t=2. 399, P=0. 037), γ-glutamate transpeptidase (t=3. 256, P=0. 031) reduced significantly after the procedure. Two patients ( 16. 67%) developed complications. A patient undergoing EUS-HGS developed bile leakage, biliary peritonitis, and pneumoperitoneum. A patient undergoing EUS-CDS developed upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Both patients were successfully treated. There were no other adverse events, such as acute pancreatitis, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax and emphysema. No procedure-related death occurred. The mean hospital stay was 13. 75 ± 6. 92 days ( range 5-26 days ) . Conclusion EUS-BD is a safe substitute after unsuccessful ERCP when performed by experienced biliary endoscopists. However, intensive care is necessary after the procedure for early detection and management of complications.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 310-313, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708738

ABSTRACT

This paper summarized nursing points for caring 12 cases undergoing endoscopic ultrasonography guided biliary drainage(EUS-BD) in the treatment of malignant obstructive jaundice.All patients received EUS-BD after unsuccessful endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography,including 5 patients undergoing EUS guided hepaticogastrostomy(EUS-HGS) and 7 patients undergoing EUS guided choledochoduodenostomy(EUS-CDS).Nursing points included:preoperative assessment,psychological care,preoperative gastrointestinal preparation,intraoperative cardiopulmonary function monitoring,collaboration in operation,postoperative monitoring,observation and nursing care for complications such as bleeding,bile leakage and the others.The average hospital stay was 10~16 d.Two patients developed complications(16.67%).A patient undergoing EUS-HGS developed bile leakage,biliary peritonitis,and pneumoperitoneum after the procedure,but was successfully recovered by placement of a second fully covered self-expendable metal stent in the primary metal stent,percutaneous abdominal drainage and antibiotic treatment.A patient undergoing EUS-CDS developed gastrointestinal bleeding,and was successfully treated with radiological intervention.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609529

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of endoscopic retrograde catheterization of gallbladder (ERCG) and endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder stenting (ETGS) for gallbladder diseases.Methods Patients who underwent ERCG and ETGS in Eastern Hepatobiliary Hospital from January 2010 to June 2016 were enrolled to this retrospective study.The superselection time of cystic duct,the catheterization time of gallbladder,postoperative symptoms and complications were analyzed.Results A total of 10 patients were enrolled to this study,including 2 cases of acute calculous cholecystitis,4 cases of percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) and 4 cases of cholecystocholedocholithiasis.The success rates of ERCG and ETGS were 100%.Symptoms were relieved in all patients and PTGBD catheter was removed after ETGS.The mean times of ERCG and ETGS were 10.2 ± 6.9 min and 17.0 ± 8.0 min respectively.The mean times of ERCG were 18.5±4.9 min,13.0±3.6 min and 3.3± 1.3 min,respectively (F=18.86,P =0.002).The mean times of ETGS were 25.5±4.9 min,21.0± 4.7 min and 8.8 ± 1.0 min,respectively (F =18.04,P =0.002).Complications included 1 case of cholangitis and 1 case of hyperamylasemia.Cholangitis was relieved after anti-inflammatory treatment.No acute pancreatitis,bleeding,perforation or procedure-related death occurred.Conclusion ERCG and ETGS are safe and feasible,which can play important roles in the treatment of specific gallbladder diseases or gallbladder with bile duct diseases.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 610-614, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476579

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of the CT angiography (CTA) in the detection of mechanical obstructive cause of deep venous thrombosis of lower extremity. Methods Forty-seven cases of CTA and DSA image data of DVT in lower extremity with mechanical obstruction were retrospectively analyzed. The CTA three-dimensional reconstruction images were compared with DSA results, and the position and size of thrombus, collateral circulation of blood vessels, vascular compression area and the corresponding outside vascular lesions were evaluated. The causes of venous occlusion were analyzed. Diagnostic agreement of CTA and DSA was assessed by Kappa statistics. The difference of the accuracy between CTA and DSA in the diagnosis of the left and right iliac femoral vein, inferior vena cava, internal iliac vein thrombosis were analyzed with χ2 test. Results There were 47 patients with lower extremity DVT. Of them, DVT was detected in the left leg in 28 patients, in the right leg in 14 patients and in both lower extremities in 5 patients. Mechanical obstruction caused DVT in all of them. There were 27 patients of iliac vein compression syndrome(IVCS)complicated with lower limb DVT. The left iliac vein was oppressed by the right common iliac artery with compression degree from 55.41%to 100.00%,and mean of(77.1 ± 16.8)%. There was congenital stenosis or occlusion of inferior vena cava in 3 patients. There was Budd-Chiari syndrome in 2 patients. There was pelvic mass pressing the common iliac vein in 4 patients. Enlarged right inguinal lymph nodes oppressed the right femoral vein in 3 patients and enlarged left inguinal lymph nodes oppressed the left femoral vein in 2 patients. Other mechanical obstruction factors caused DVT in 6 patients, including right iliac artery aneurysms,spontaneous hematoma, etc. The agreement of CTA and DSA on the diagnosis of the iliac femoral thrombosis was good (Kappa=0.978), the diagnosis agreement on the inferior vena cava thrombus was good (Kappa = 0.737), while the diagnosis agreement on the internal iliac vein thrombosis was poor (Kappa=0.189). The difference of CTA and DSA in the diagnosis of left and right iliac femoral venous thrombosis was not statistically significant (52,51 case;χ2=0.00, P>0.05), neither was the diagnostic difference of inferior vena cava thrombus (21,17 cases;χ2=1.50, P>1.50). However, the difference of the diagnosis of the iliac vein thrombosis was statistically significant (14,2 cases;χ2=8.33, P<0.05) . Conclusions CTA can clearly show the location and scope of the thrombus. Compared with conventional DSA, CTA shows higher diagnostic coincidence rate, and can accurately determine the mechanical obstruction causes of lower extremity DVT.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481510

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and feasibility of shorterning fasting time after gastros-copy in patients with hepato-biliary disease.Methods A total of 300 inpatient cases of hepato-biliary disea-ses who underwent gastroscopy were divided into the treatment group (n =150)and the control group (n =150)using randomized block design.Both groups included three blocks:patients with esophageal and /or gastric varices (n =50),patients undergoing biopsy (n =50)and non-esophageal gastric varices patients without biopsy (n =50)according to the results of gastroscopy.Patients of both groups were asked to eat 2 hours later and drink 30 minutes later after gastroscopy respectively.The symptoms of thirst,hunger,hypo-glycemia,choking cough after eating,aspiration,nausea and vomiting,hematemesis and melena were recor-ded and compared between the two groups.Results There were no significant differences in the incidences between the two groups in thirst and hunger.However the incidence of hypoglycemia was significantly lower in the treatment group than in the control group [(2.0%(3 /150)VS 9.3%(14 /150),P =0.006].And there were also no significant differences in the incidences of choking cough,aspiration,nausea and vomiting 5-8 hours after the procedure.Neither hematemesis nor melena was found in either groups 24 hours after the procedure.Conclusion Shortening the fasting time after gastroscopy in patients with hepato-biliary diseases is safe and feasible.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450365

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of mouth care combined with intestinal and endoscopic working channel flushing for ERCP related cholangitis and to investigate the mechanisms.Methods A total of 284 patients who underwent ERCP were divided into the amikacin group (n =96),the saline group (n =95) and the control group (n =93).Specimens were collected before cannulation (Sample 1),the first access to the bile duct (Sample 2) and at the end of ERCP (Sample 3).All the samples underwent bacterial culture and colony counting.Incidence of ERCP related cholangitis and bacterial results were recorded.Results The incidences of ERCP related cholangitis were 7.3% (7/96),8.4% (8/95)and 18.3% (17/93)in amikacin group,saline group and control group respectively,with significant differences among three groups (x2 =6.861,P =0.032).The positive rate of bacterial culture of Sample 1 in the amikacin group,saline group and control group were 6.3% (6/96),25.3% (24/95) and 28.0% (26/93) (x2 =16.833,P =0.000),respectively.The positive rate of bacterial culture of Sample 2 in amikacin group,saline group and control group were 6.3% (6/96),16.8% (16/95) and 24.7% (23/93)(x2 =12.206,P =0.002),respectively.The positive rate of bacterial culture of Sample 3 in amikacin group,saline group and control group were 7.3% (7/96),17.9% (17/95) and 33.3% (31/93) (x2 =20.713,P =0.000),respectively.Conclusion The procedure of ERCP can bring the intestinal bacteria into the bile duct,which could be reduced by mouth care combined with intestinal and endoscopic working channel flushing.And the incidence of ERCP related cholangitis can be effectively reduced.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473948

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the application of spiral CT angiography in postoperative re-examination of lower limb artery stent implantation. Methods During the period from March 2012 to March 2014 at the Affiliated Nanjing Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, CT angiography was carried out in 67 patients who had received stent implantation for arteriosclerotic occlusion of lower limb. The diseases involved 78 lower limbs, and a total of 85 stents were employed. The volume rendering (VR), maximum intensity projection (MIP), multi-planar reformation (MPR) and curved surface reconstruction (CSR) were performed to stereoscopically display the lesion’s anatomy as well as the implanted stents, and the imaging manifestations were compared with the clinical symptoms and DSA findings. Results Successful examination was accomplished in 65 patients (81 stents in total), and clear images were obtained. Of the 81 stents, no stenosis was seen in 43, Ⅱ - Ⅳ grade stenosis in 32 and complete occlusion in 6. The results were closely correlated with the clinical symptoms. The CT angiography manifestations in 31 patients (34 stents in total) were compared with their DSA performed in two weeks, and the results showed that the stenotic degrees of three stents judged by CT angiography were not consistent with those judged by DSA. The consistent rate of CT angiography was 91.2% when taking DSA as the standard. Conclusion Lower limb arterial CT angiography examination is a safe and non-invasive technique, it can clearly display the stent inner canal. Therefore, this technique is of great value in postoperative re- examination of lower limb artery stent implantation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439400

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of pancreatic duct guidewire pre-occupying in ERCP with difficult biliary cannulation.Methods During a four-year study period from June 2008 to June 2012,a total of 3505 patients were included in this retrospective analysis.Initial biliary cannulation method consisted of single-guidewire technique for up to 5 attempts,followed by double-guidewire technique when repeated unintentional pancreatic duct cannulation had taken place.Pre-cut papillotomy technique was reserved for when double-guidewire technique had failed or no pancreatic duct cannulation had been previously achieved.Biliary cannulation success and post-ERCP complication rate were compared.Results Single-guidewire technique was characterized by statistically significant higher success rate (93.4%),compared with the double-guidewire technique (54.8%,P <0.001),pre-cut failed double-guidewire technique (81.3%,P <0.001) or precut as first step method (84.6%,P =0.011).Pre-cut failed double-guidewire technique and pre-cut as first step method offered a statistically significantly more favorable outcome compared with the double-guidewire technique (both P < 0.001).The incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis did not differ in a statistically significant manner among the four methods.Numbers of patients who got bleeding in pre-cut papillotomy technique and sphincterotomy after successful single-guidewire technique were 5 and 2 respectively.One case of perforation was recorded using pre-cut papillotomy technique.There was no procedure-related mortality within 30 days.Conclusion Although double-guidewire technique success rate proved not to be superior to singleguidewire technique or pre-cut papillotomy,it is considered highly satisfactory in terms of safety in order to avoid the risk of a pre-cut when biliary therapy is necessary in difficult-to-cannulate cases.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439399

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) after endoscopic stone extraction could reduce post-operative complications.Methods Retrospective analysis of 697 patients with extrahepatic duct stones undergoing ERCP treatment was pedormed.They were assigned to ENBD group (n =538) and control group (n =159).Post-operative complications including pancreatitis,cholangitis and bleeding were observed and compared.Results There were no significant differences in incidence of pancreatitis and bleeding between 2 groups.Incidence of cholangitis in ENBD group was significantly lower than that in control group (1.3% vs.3.8%,P < 0.05).Conclusion ENBD after endoscopic stone extraction could reduce the incidence of postoperative cholangitis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419995

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of mouth care combined with intestinal and endoscopic working channel washing for ERCP related cholangitis.Methods A total of 573 patients diagnosed as having obstructive jaundice were randomized into three groups,190 cases in the control group,192 in the saline group and 191 in the amikacin group.Clinical and laboratory data were collected before ERCP and ERCP related cholangitis were recorded.Results There were no significant differences among the three groups in sex,age,the level of obstruction,the category of obstruction,total bilirubin or WBC counting.The incidences of ERCP related cholangitis were 21.1% (40/190),13.5% (26/192) and 4.7% (9/191)in control group,saline group and amikacin group respectively,which was significantly different (x2 =22.409,P =0.000 ).The incidences of ERCP related cholangitis were 19.5% ( 65/333 ) and 4.2%(10/240) in patients diagnosed as having hilar duct obstruction and low positioned biliary obstruction respectively (x2 =27.175,P =0.000).There was no significant difference in ERCP related cholangitis between benign and malignant biliary obstruction.Subgroup of hilar duct obstruction showed the incidences of ERCP related cholangitis were 29.7% (33/111 ),20.5% (24/117)and 7.6% (8/105)in the control group,the saline group and the amikacin group,respectively (x2 =16.905,P =0.000).Conclusion The incidence of ERCP related cholangitis is relatively higher in patients with hilar duct obstruction.Mouth care combined with intestinal and endoscopic working channel washing can effectively reduce the incidence of ERCP related cholangitis,especially in the amikacin group.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413411

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for diagnosis and management of biliary cast syndrome after orthotropic liver transplantation. Methods A total of 71 consecutive patients with abnormal liver function and MRCP findings after liver transplantation underwent ERCP for diagnosis and management. Their data were retrospectively reviewed. Results A total of 188 sessions of ERCP were carried out on the 71 patients, most of whom were found to have stenosis of anastomotic stoma and/or bile duct. Bile sludge was found and removed in all patients diagnosed within 3 months after liver transplantation, while pigmentoid stones were found and removed in patients diagnosed within 3-6 months and biliary casts in patients diagnosed at more than 6 months. Each patient underwent 2.6 sessions averagely. Biliary casts were formed at an average time of 22. 7 ± 15.6 months after transplantation. PostERCP complications included 2 cases of pancreatitis and 3 cholangitis, with an occurrence rate of 2. 6%(5/188), which were all controlled with conservative treatment. The follow-up data was available in 56 patients showing improvement in liver function after ERCP, among who 42 met the endoscopic criteria of cure,1 0 received second liver transplantation because of progressive sclerosing cholangitis and 4 died from diseases other than liver transplantation. Conclusion Therapeutic ERCP for the biliary cast syndrome after liver transplantation is feasible, safe and effective, and can be performed repeatedly with good short-term effect.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383279

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of needle-knife fistulotomy (NKF)for difficult cannulation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Methods Data of patients, who received NKF on the back of major papilla when bile duct could not be accessed by conventional cannulation and/or other pre-cut methods during ERCP, were retrospectively reviewed. The success rate of deep cannulation and its complications were observed and analyzed. Results NKF was performed in 108patients due to difficult cannulation, which succeeded in 97 (91.2%) in access to the bile duct and failed in 11 patients with malignant biliary strictures. The failure rate in patients with distal malignant obstruction was higher (25. 8%, 8/31) than those with proximal lesions (5.3%, 3/57) (P = 0. 014, χ2 = 5. 983).Post-ERCP pancreatitis occurred in 5 cases (4. 6%), with the incidence significantly higher in NKF-failure group (18. 2%, 2/11) than that in NKF-suocess group (3.1% ,3/97) (P = 0. 006, χ2 = 7.418). Intestinal perforation occurred in 1 patient and cholangitis developed in 4 others, which all recovered after conservative managements. Conclusion NKF for difficult cannulations in ERCP is safe and effective, especially in hands of experienced operators, but cannulation success rate is relatively low in distal malignant biliary obstruction.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383021

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a newly designed anti-reflux metallic stent (ARMS) for malignant extra-hepatic biliary obstruction. Methods A total of 23 patients with unresectable biliary malignancy in the middle or lower part of common bile duct underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and ARMs placement. The success rate, early complications, stent patency and patients' survival were recorded. Results The ARMSs were successfully placed in all patients and no procedure-related complication was recorded. The average operation time was similar to that of self-expanding metallic stents (SEMs). In 22 patients completing the follow-up, the total serum bilirubin dropped to normal within one month in 20. ARMs dysfunction occurred in 6, including tumor in-growth in 1, overgrowth in 2, and stent dislodgement in 3. Other patients were free of biliary symptoms until death or at the end of follow-up. The average stent patency of ARMs was 14 months. Patency rates at 3, 6, and 12 months were 95%, 74% and 56%, respectively. The mean patient survival was 7. 9 months ( 1-14 months).Postoperative survival rates at 3,6 and 12 months were 91.0%, 81.3% and 17. 2%, respectively. Conclusion Endoscopic placement of novel ARMs in patients with extra-hepatic biliary tumors is feasible,safe and effective.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380173

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the success rate of selective cannulation of major papilla during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).Methods When cannulation failed with conventional methods,ultra-fine guide wire combined with taped cannulation,precut papillotomy,guide wire pancreatic occupation technique,and percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD) assisted rendezvous technique was applied to improve the success rate of cannulation of major papilla.Results A total of 5743 patients received ERCP in our hospital during last 5 years,with a success rate of cannulation of major papilla at 98.6% (5664/5743).For 396 patients with difficult cannulation under conventional methods,ultra fine guide-wire technique was applied in 20,pancreatic occupation technique in 67,precut technique in 294 and PTCD assisted rendezvous technique in 15,which achieved a success rate of 80.0% (317/396).Conclusion Application of combined techniques according to the features of papilla can increase success rate of difficult cannulation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403440

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of MSCTA in displaying the right gastroepiploic artery(RGEA).Methods 16-slice spiral CT enhanced images of abdomen in 80 cases were retrospectively reviewed.The course and the length of RGEA were observed and the diameters of RGEA at the origin and the end were also measured on maximum intensity projection(MIP),thin slice maximum intensity projection(TSMIP) and volume rendering(VR) images.Results The displaying rate of RGEA by MSCTA was 100% including long type in 22 cases(27.50%),moderate type in 53 cases(66.25%) and short type in 5 cases(6.25%).The average length of RGEAs was (19.5±4.5) cm.The average diameters of RGEAs at the origin in long,moderate and short type respectively were (2.69±0.26) mm,(2.70±0.18) mm,(2.68±0.12) mm respectively.The average diameters of RGEAs at the end in these three types were (1.76±0.17) mm,(1.75±0.18) mm and (1.74±0.05) mm respectively.The average diameters of RGEA in different length were no of statistical significance(P>0.05).Conclusion RGEA can be evaluated with MSCTA before coronary artery bypass grafting.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380792

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence, diagnosis and treatment of complications after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and to explore the ways of prevention. Methods Clinical data of 930 subjects, in which 510 were older than 60, with cholangiopancreatic diseases who underwent ERCP in the past 2 years were retrospectively analyzed. Results Success rate of ERCP was 96.34% (896/930),and the postoperative complication incidence was 7.85% (73/930). Of all the complications, there were 42 cases of acute pancreatitis, among which 1 was accompanied with biliary tract infection, 4 cases of duodenum perforation, 6 delayed hemorrhage, 2 cardiac dilacerations bleeding, and 19 biliary tract infection (5 combined with infectious shock). All subjects with complications were cured except for 2 deaths. Conclusion ERCP is a safe and effective method for elderly patients. However, due to decreased organ functions and other underlying diseases, complications after ERCP in elderly patients are usually difficult to manage. The key factors in prevention of complications after ERCP includes in obedience to indications, improvement in procedure skills, treatment of accompanied diseases before and after ERCP, and active management of complications.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380770

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of simultaneous endoscopic bilateral placement of self-expandable metal biliary stents. Methods A total of 9 patients with hilar malignancy of Bismuth type Ⅱ to Ⅳ were enrolled in the current study, with a mean serum bilirubin at 162. 8 ± 193. 8 μmol/L before the procedure. Two guide wires were selectively inserted into the left and right intrahepatic ducts and kept in site. After aggressive dilatation for beth sides, the metal stents were deployed one by one bilaterally. Success rate of the procedure, remission of jaundice, early complications, and short-term clinical outcome were ob-served. Results The procedure was succeeded in all patients with Y type stent in 2, plastic stent transition in 1 and parallel stenting in 6, which took an average time of 38. 1 min. The most convenient way was the parallel method with both distal ends of the stents remaining at outside of papilla. The serum bilirubin re-turned to normal level within 3 weeks in all patients except 1, and no major complications were observed. Conclusion Simultaneous endoscopic bilateral metal stent placement is technically feasible and safe, with the benefit of prompt and effective control of jaundice and infection, caused by hilar tumors. A better method is to place specially designed endoprotheses in parallel and leave the distal ends outside papilla.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471677

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the diagnostic value of magnetization transfer contrast (MTC) gradient echo (GRE) T2WI sequence in bone injury of knee joint. Methods MRI data of 56 patients with knee injury were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent SE sequence (sagittal T1WI, T2WI) and sagittal MTC-GRE T2WI sequence. The size, signal intensity and margin of bone contusion with different MRI sequence were analyzed and compared. Results Among 56 patients, 43 and 45 cases were demonstrated on SE T1WI and T2WI, respectively; 50 cases were displayed on MTC-GRE T2WI sequence. The size, border of bone contusions and sensitivity displayed on MTC-GRE T2WI sequence were statistically higher than those on SE sequence (P<0.05). Conclusion MTC-GRE T2WI sequence has great diagnostic value in contusion of knee joint, which is superior to FSE sequence.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1156-1159, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392244

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of multi-slice spiral CTA in the diagnosis of iliac vein compression syndrome(IVCS)and secondary thrombosis.Methods The CTA data of 80 controls and 31 patients with IVCS conformed by DSA were retrospectively studied.The inner diameters of the compressed iliac vein in two groups were measured and compression ratios were calculated.The data were compared using t test and Wilcoxon test.The findings of CTA were compared with that of DSA and the accuracy of CTA was analyzed.Results For the control group,the inner diameters of left iliac vein in female group(7.0±2.5)mm were significantly less than that in male group(8.1±2.5)mm(t=2.42,P<0.05).For the control group,the inner diameters of left iliac vein was(7.6±2.0)mm,and the compression ratios were 0 to 65.41%(median 27.65%).The compression ratios were no statistical differences between male group(0 to 61.36%,median 26.82%)and female group(0 to 65.41%,median 28.75%)(Z=-0.59,P>0.05).For the patients group,the inner diameters of compression iliac vein was(2.7±1.1)mm.The compression ratios were 55.18% to 100%(median 76.12%).Both inner diameters and compression ratios were statistically different between the control and patients group(t=12.78,P<0.05;Z=-8.18,P<0.05).Fifteen of 31 cases with IVCS were accompanied with deep vein thrombosis.The left iliac veins were compress in 28 cases,while right iliac veins were compressed in 2 cases.The left and right iliac common veins were compressed by the left and right jliac common arteries in one case.The results of CTA were consistent with that of DSA in all cases.Conclusions CTA can not only measure the inner diameters of iliae vein compression and calculate compression ratios,but also demonstrate secondary thrombosis clearly.CTA is an effective examination in diagnosis of IVCS and secondary thrombosis.

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