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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878892

ABSTRACT

The rat osteoarthritis model was replicated by injection of sodium iodoacetate into the knee joint cavity, and the effects of Gancao Fuzi Decoction on rat osteoarthritis and the proteome of articular cartilage were investigated. Sixty SD rats weighing 230-250 g were randomly divided into normal group, model group, glucosamine sulfate group, and Gancao Fuzi Decoction high, medium and low dose groups. Osteoarthritis model was induced by intra-articular injection of sodium iodoacetate(3 mg on each leg) in all groups except the normal group. After modeling, each administration group was given intragastric administration for 1 month. During the administration period, joint pain test and joint width measurement were performed every week to observe the autonomous behavior of rats. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) method was used to detect the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3), and matrix metalloproteinase tissue inhibitor(TIMP-1) in rat joint lavage fluid. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe bone and joint morphology. Nano-LC-LTQ-Orbitrap system was used to detect arti-cular cartilage proteins. The results showed that, compared with the model group, Gancao Fuzi Decoction could significantly improve joint pain and joint swelling in osteoarthritis rats, significantly reduce the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and MMP-3 in the joint cavity la-vage fluid, increase the content of TIMP-1, and relieve inflammatory diseases such as enlarged joint space, rough cartilage edge, different thickness of cartilage layer, and disordered arrangement of chondrocytes. After comparing the proteins between the groups, 273 differential proteins were screened out. KEGG analysis found that the above differential proteins involved 43 signaling pathways such as systemic lupus erythematosus, among which 11 signaling pathways were related to osteoarthritis. The above results indicated that Gancao Fuzi Decoction had a preventive effect on osteoarthritis, and its mechanism of action may be accomplished by regulating the protein expression of osteoarthritis-related signal pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage, Articular , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Plant Extracts , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1011-1016, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the therapeutic effect of acupuncture-moxibustion therapies on post-stroke constipation based on the network Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The randomized controlled trials of acupuncture and moxibustion for post-stroke constipation were retrieved from the databases, starting from the time of establishment through to June, 2019, i.e. the PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP. The literature was selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, the quality of literature was evaluated by bias risk assessment tool of Cochrane Review Manual 5.3 and the data was statistically analyzed by softwares of Stata 13.1 and R Language.@*RESULTS@#A total of 28 trails were included, involving 9 intervention methods. The therapeutic effect was arranged from high to the low according to the surface under cumulative ranking area (SUCRA), i.e. acupuncture combined with medication (0.86), warm needling (0.83), electroacupuncture combined with medication (0.68), electroacupuncture (0.68), moxibustion (0.50), auricular point sticking (0.44), acupuncture (0.31), Chinese herbal medicine (0.12) and western medication (0.04).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture- moxibustion therapies have superiority on treating post-stroke constipation, acupuncture combined with medication has the most optimum therapeutic effect and the therapeutic effect of acupuncture-moxibustion combined with medication is superior to the single treatment of medication.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801929

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect and mechanism of Erxian decoction on peri-menopausal cardiac electrophysiology in rats. Method: Female sprague-dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups:sham operation group, model group, estradiol valerate group, and low, medium and high-dose Erxian decoction groups. Except the sham operation group, the rats in the other groups were completely removed from the ovarian replication peri-menopausal rat model. At the same time, estradiol valerate group (8×10-4 g·kg -1·d-1), low-dose Erxian decoction group (4 g·kg-1·d-1), middle-dose Erxian decoction group (8 g·kg-1·d-1) and high-dose Erxian decoction group (12 g·kg-1·d-1), sham operation group and model group were given the same amount of normal saline. The administration was given once a day for 80 consecutive days. The electrocardiogram of rats was recorded by biosignal detector connected to lead Ⅱ electrode. The content of estradiol (E2) in rat serum was detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). The pathological changes of rat uterus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin. The expression of the estrogen alpha receptor (ERα) protein was detected by Western blot method in myocardial tissue of rat. Result: Compared with the sham operation group, the amplitudes of P wave, R wave and T wave in the electrocardiogram of the model group were significantly decreased (P2 level was significantly lower (Pα receptor protein in myocardial tissue was significantly decreased (P2 level (Pα receptor protein (PConclusion: Erxian decoction can improve cardiac electrophysiological changes in peri-menopausal rats, and its mechanism may be related to the increase of estrogen activity and estrogen receptor expression in rats.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 450-456 463, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on the differential expression of rat atrial muscle Proteomics and genes, which provide research basis for the rehabilitation of chronic cardiovascular diseases and exercise -induced cardiac remodeling research.@*METHODS@#Twenty male SD rats were randomly divided into control group and experimental group (=10) according to body weight. Rats in the experimental group were trained (6 days per week),which lasted for 4 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise at a rate of 24 m·min for 40 min (load intensity equivalent to 60%~70% VO). The proteins were separated by two dimensional gel electrophoresis, and the tandem time-of- flight mass spectrometer technique was used to identify 13 candidate target protein spots. The expression levels of these 13 protein spots were up-regulated more than 5 times or down -regulated to below 1/5. The mRNA of six target proteins were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#By software analysis, the experimental group compared with the control group, there were 8 protein points which their expression reduced more than 4/5 and 5 protein points up-regulated more than 5 times, 13 proteins were identified by mass spectrometry protein spots, the final identification results acquired 8 proteins and a unknown protein of molecular mass 54 KDa, such as:pyruvate dehydrogenase E1α1, mitochondrial aconitate hydratase, protein disulfide isomerase A3, methylmalonic acid semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial dihydrolipoic acid dehydrogenase, isovaleryl coenzyme A dehydrogenase, glutathione synthetase, mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 and so on. Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression of methylmalonic acid semialdehyde dehydrogenase in the atrial muscle of rats was decreased after 4 weeks of moderate aerobic exercise (0.05); The mRNA expression level of isopentenyl-CoA dehydrogenase was increased (>0.05). The results indicated that the mRNA expression level was not completely consistent with the changes in mass spectrometry identification results.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 4 weeks moderate-intensity aerobic exercise induced ignificant changes of rats atrial muscle protemics. The majority of the 13 identified target proteins in this experiment are energy metabolism enzymes. The majority of the expression of the target protein and the mRNA expression in the atrial muscle is inconsistent and different. Exercise may affect the regulation of gene transcription or downstream translation and modification of these target proteins, resulting in the change of differential expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Male , Muscles , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267662

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the morbidity of hypertension and prehypertension and analyze the association between body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure in Chinese college students.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This epidemiological study involved 490 Chinese college students (aged 15-25 years, mean 18.9∓1.2 years), and their body height, body weight, blood pressure and heart rate were recorded. The BMI was divided into four groups according to Chinese population standard classification.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Most students were southern Han Chinese. The incidences of overweight plus obesity and obesity were 12.9% and 4.1%, respectively. The morbidity of hypertension was 0.8% in this student population. The incidences of hypertension and pre-hypertension were higher in high BMI groups than those in low BMI groups. The systolic blood pressures were significantly higher in over-weight and obese groups than in the normal BMI and lean groups. BMI was positively correlated to systolic and diastolic blood pressures in this population.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High BMI is a predictor of elevated blood pressure in adolescent students.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Body Mass Index , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Male , Mass Screening , Risk Factors , Students , Universities , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318233

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop 22 Chinese Mandarin monosyllable lists with good psychometrical equivalence. This study was to evaluate the test-retest reliability of these lists when it was used in speech recognition test in normal hearing dialectal speakers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seven cities including Dalian, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Fuzhou and Xiamen were selected as testing centers which contain 6 typical Chinese dialectal regions including north of China, East of China, north of Fujian, south of Fujian, Guangdong and mid-south of China. At each center, 22 local normal hearing people were selected to join this study. Every participant was tested by each recognition test of all 22 lists twice in two sessions and same test order respectively. The second run of testing was carried out within 10 days-1 month since first run of testing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a significant correlations between scores obtained at the two sessions (r = 0.682, P < 0.01). Paired student-t test had shown that a gross score of all dialectal participants was significantly higher than that of initial test to retest (P < 0.01). The mean increment of score was (2.7 +/- 10.1)%. A significant difference of test-retest score in 7 sites was 19.8% and it was equal to 5 test items. A one way ANOVA analysis had indicated that there were statistically significant difference between the score improvement of 7 test sites (P < 0.01). Another analysis had shown that there was no significant correlation between test-retest score improvement and intra-session intervals (P = 0.947).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Mandarin monosyllabic recognition test seems to be more stable, and the present study has indicated a systematic differences in Chinese Mandarin monosyllable recognition scores between test and retest. Monosyllable recognition test is not susceptible to memory effect. Pearson's correction analysis is not suitable to evaluation for test-retest reliability.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Analysis of Variance , Asians , Audiometry, Speech , Female , Humans , Language , Reproducibility of Results , Speech Discrimination Tests , Young Adult
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