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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 633-642, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of decitabine combined with modified CAG regimen (D-CAG regimen) in patients aged ≥70 years with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 59 AML patients (≥70 years old) who were newly diagnosed and treated in the Hematology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2010 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 59 AML patients, 28 were males and 31 were females, with a median age of 74 (70-86) years. The complete remission (CR) rate was 69.4% (34/49), and the median duration of CR was 10.7 (0.6-125.4) months after 2 courses of D-CAG treatment. According to the British Medical Research Council (MRC) classification, there was only one patient in the favorable-risk group, and the CR rate was 71.8% (28/39) in the intermediate-risk group, and 55.6% (5/9) in the adverse-risk group, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the CR rate between the intermediate-risk and adverse-risk group. Referring to ELN 2017 genetic risk classification, CR rate was 88.2% (15/17) in the favorable-risk group, 45.5% (5/11) in the intermediate-risk group, and 66.7% (14/21) in the adverse-risk group. There was no significant difference in CR rate between the favorable-risk and adverse-risk categories, but both were significantly higher than that in the intermediate-risk group (P <0.05). Next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis showed that 11 gene mutations with a frequency of more than 10%, including TET2 mutation (35.6%), ASXL1 mutation (30.5%), NPM1 mutation (28.8%), FLT3-ITD mutation (27.1%), DNMT3A mutation (22.0%), IDH1 mutation (15.3%), CEBPA single mutation (13.6%), TP53 mutation (13.6%), IDH2 mutation (11.9%), RUNX1 mutation (11.9%), and NRAS mutation (10.2%). There were no statistical differences in mutation frequency of these 11 genes between CR group and non-CR group. Compared with normal karyotypes, patients with complex karyotypes were more likely to develop TP53 mutations (P <0.001), while FLT3-ITD and DNMT3A mutations were more likely to occur in patients with normal karyotypes (P =0.04, P =0.047). The median follow-up, overall survival (OS), and event-free survival (EFS) of all the patients was 11.7 (1.5-128.2) months, 12.3 (1.5-128.2) months, and 8.5 (1.5-128.2) months, respectively. The median OS and EFS of CR patients were 19.8 and 13.3 months, respectively, which were significantly longer than 6.4 and 5.7 months in patients experiencing treatment failure (P < 0.001, P =0.009). In regard to genes with mutation frequency >10%, there were no statistical differences in CR rate, median OS, and median EFS between mutated and wild-type patients by Chi-square test and survival analysis. Univariate analysis showed that age, hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase, cytogenetics and CR were factors affecting prognosis, while multivariate analysis showed that only CR failure was an independent adverse prognostic factor for OS. The major adverse reactions to D-CAG regimen were grade 3-4 myelosuppression, pulmonary infection, and fever (infection focus was not identified).@*CONCLUSION@#D-CAG regimen is safe and effective in the treatment of AML patients ≥70 years old, and can partially improve the prognosis of elderly and high-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Male , Female , Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Mutation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk and location of multiple malignancies in patients with hematologic malignancies who were followed up for 9 years in Jiangsu Province Hospital and to evaluate the impact of the second primary malignancy on survival of patients.@*METHODS@#The incidence and survival of multiple malignancies in 7 921 patients with hematologic malignancies from 2009 to 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#A total of 180 (2.3%, 180/7 921) patients developed second malignancy, of whom 58 patients were diagnosed with hematologic malignancies as the first primary malignancy, and 98 patients developed hematologic malignancies as second primary malignancy, and the other 24 cases were diagnosed with the second malignancy within 6 months after the first primary malignancy was diagnosed, which was difined as multiple malignancies occurring simultaneously. In 180 patients, 18 cases developed two hematologic malignancies successively, and 11 patients developed more than 3 primary cancers (among them, 2 female patients were diagnosed with 4 primary cancers). Patients with lymphoma and multiple myeloma (MM) as the second primary malignancy had poorer survival than patients with lymphoma and MM as the first primary malignancy. Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia as the second primary malignancy were also associated with inferior overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, 2.3% of hematologic malignancy patients had multiple mali-gnancies, lymphoma and MM as the second primary malignancy had poor survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , East Asian People , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Lymphoma/complications , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 49-55, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression characteristics of antigens and functional markers of natural killer (NK) cells in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Multi-parameter flow cytometry was used to detect NK cell surface markers and their functional indicators in 56 newly diagnosed AML patients and 24 healthy controls, including activating receptors NKG2D, NKP46, DNAM-1, and killing indicators granzyme B, perforin.@*RESULTS@#Referring to the WHO hematopoiesis and lymph tissue tumor classification criteria, 56 cases were roughly divided into three types: AML M1, M2, and M4/M5. However, there was no differences about NK cells among the three types, so it was no longer subdivided. NK cells were divided into two groups: CD3-CD56hiCD16- (CD56hiNK) and CD3-CD56dimCD16+ (CD56dimNK). Compared with CD56dimNK cell population, except for NKP46, the positive expression levels of NKG2D and other receptors of CD56hiNK cells in AML patients decreased (P<0.001). Compared with healthy controls, the proportion of CD56hiNK cells in AML patients increased, while the number and proportion of NK cells and proportion of CD56dimNK cells significantly decreased (P<0.05). The proportion of perforin in CD56hiNK cells significantly increased (P<0.05). The expression of DNAM-1 in CD56hiNK cells, NKG2D, DNAM-1, and perforin in CD56dimNK cells decreased significantly (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in expression of other functional indexes in AML patients compared with corresponding indexes of healthy controls. In addition, the proportion of CD56hiNK cells was positively correlated with the expression of CD34+ in AML (r=0.303).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with CD56dimNK, the ratio of CD56hiNK and the expression of functional markers in AML patients are lower. Compared with healthy controls, the number and expression ratio of NK cells in AML patients decrease and the expression of functional markers is abnormal, indicating that its function is impaired.


Subject(s)
Humans , CD56 Antigen , Flow Cytometry , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1746-1751, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of the patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) discontinued tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) therapy and the outcome of the patients.@*METHODS@#35 cases of CML patients experienced initiative discontinuation of TKI therapy in our hospital from June 1st 2015 to December 31th 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The TFR of the patients and the factors affecting it were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median duration of TKI administration was 72 (range 35-173) months in the 35 patients. Among these patients, 8 had experienced TKI dose reduction or suspension. All the enrolled patients have achieved at least MMR. The median time for these patients achieving MMR was 15 (range 3-75) months after administration of TKI, and for MMR maintenance before TKI suspension was 55 (range 13-164) months. After TKI withdrawal the median follow up time was 20.3 (range 3-57.9) months, 22 out of 35 patients kept TFR, among them, 2 (5.71%) patients restarted TKI after 12 month suspension, and maintained MMR during suspension. 13 (37.1%)patients lost MMR, among them, 9 patients restarted TKI treatment, and 5 of them achieved MR4.0 after the median duration of 3(2-5) month. No patients were found to have disease progression. The estimated TFR rate was 57.8% and 51.8% at 12 and 24 months after discontinuation, respectively. Other clinical characteristic related to relapse were also analyzed, including the cumulative TKI administration duration, cumulative MMR duration, time to achieve MMR, median age at diagnosis, risk stratification by Sokal score, TKI dose reduction and discontinuation history, and second-generation TKI administration before stopping TKI, however, no statistical difference was found.@*CONCLUSION@#TKI discontinuation is practical for CML patients in our center.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1719-1726, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the difference expression of circular RNA (circRNA) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by using bioinformatics method.@*METHODS@#The microarray chip data of AML was searched and downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) of the National Center for Bioinformatics (NCBI). The differences between AML samples and control samples were analyzed by R software. The interaction between deregulated circRNA, miRNA and mRNA were predicted by miranda software and miRTarBase software. The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed by using the cytoHubba plugin based on the Cytoscape software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 203 differential expression of circRNAs were finally collected, including down-regulated 161 circRNAs and up-regulated 42 circRNAs. CircRNA/miRNA/mRNA interaction network was constructed through software prediction. hsa_circ_0001080, hsa_circ_0004511, hsa_circ_0054211, hsa_circ_0001944 may be positively regulated the gene expression in AML.@*CONCLUSION@#Abnormal expression of circRNA in AML may become a new target for AML treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , RNA, Circular
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 196-201, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the distribution of peripheral blood lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells, and its influence on the prognosis of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).@*METHODS@#The lymphocytes proportion, absolute lymphocyte counts (ALC), NK cell proportion and absolute NK cell counts (ANKC) as well as the related data of 95 MDS patients diagnosed between 2013 and 2017 analyzed retrospectively. The correlation of ALC and ANKC with prognosis was also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#As compared with low ALC patients, MDS patients with ALC≥0.885×10/L had a higher overall response rate (66.7% vs 35.8%) (P<0.01). The ALC of effective patients after treatment significatitly increased in compaison of ALC at diagnosis. Multivariate analysis indicated that patients with ALC≥0.885×10/L had long overall survival (OS) time in comparison with patients with low level (16.4 vs 12.4 months) (P<0.05). The OS time of patients with ANKC≥0.110×10/L was shorter in comparison with patients with low level (10.9 vs 16.3 months) (P<0.01). Otherwise, blast, cytogenetic risks and treatment response were also independent risk factors of MDS (P<0.05). Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) combined with ANKC could improve predictive accuracy of IPSS-R alone (AUC 0.718 vs 0.674) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Lymphocytes and NK cells are important for the prognosis evaluation of MDS patients.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 382-388, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690980

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The past studies found that the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with imatinib can induce the macrocytic anemia, moreover the incidence of anemia increases along with enhancement of imatinib concentration. This study was aimed to evaluate the potential relation of erythrocyte mean corpuscular volume (MCV) increase after the treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) with the therapeutic response in patients with CML-chronic phase (CML-CP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and hematologic data including MCV, molecular and cytogenetic response of 119 patients with CML-CP were collected after treatment with TKIs, and the relation of MCV changes after treatment with the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efficacy for patients with CML-CP was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The MCV in patients treated with TKIs for 12 months significantly increased as compared with that at initial diagnosis (P<0.05). The proportion of patients with increased MCV in group of complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) was significantly higher than that in group of non-CCyR (P<0.05). As compared with decreased MCV group, the patients in increased MCV group much more easily achieved CCyR after treatment for 6, 12 months (P<0.05, P<0.05) respectively, furthermore, much more easily maintained MMR (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MCV as a parameter which is easily acquired may be a new marker for prodecting the therapeutic response of patients treated with TKIs.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Erythrocyte Indices , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Treatment Outcome
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 958-963, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689545

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and laboratory features of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with cuplike nuclei morphology.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and seventy patients diagnosed with AML (M1andM2) between December 2009 and December 2016 were included in the study. Bone marrow smears were prepared for morphologic alanalysis, the immunophenotype was analyzed by flow cytometry and the RHG-banding was for conventional cytogenetic assay (CCA) ,gene mutation was detected by sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 170 AMLpatients, 67 were diagnosed as M1 and 103 patients was diagnosed as M2, 43 patients(25.3%) defined as cuplike nuclei-positive, among them 38patients (88.4%) were M1 while only 5 patients (11.6%) were with M2(P<0.01). No significant value about sex(P> 0.05) between cuplike nuclei-positive and -negative group, while older patients were found in cuplike nuclei-positive group (P<0.05). Higher peroxydas (POX) ratio (P<0.05) and integration (P<0.05) were found in cuplike nuclei- positive group. Furthermore, the patients with cuplike nuclei-positive lack the expressions of CD34 (P<0.01) and HLA-DR(P<0.01) while no other immunophenotype markers were found. Among the 152 patients (89.4%) for genetic analysis ,83.8% karyotype of the cuplike nuclei-positive group were normal while only 54.8 of negative group was normal by CCA. Molecular biology analysis showed that the patients in cuplike nuclei-positive group have significantly highe rNMP1 (P<0.01) and FLT3(P<0.01) mutations as compared with the negative group. Furthermore, the relationship of the ratio o fcuplike nuclei and the type of gene mutations were investigated, and no significant associations were found. However, it was found that the patients with FLT3 mutation displayed more biological nuclear invagination than the patients with NPM1 mutations (P<0/01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AML patients with positive cuplike nuclei have characteristic morphological changes, typical immunophenotype with HLA-DR- and CD34, normal karyotype accompanied by NPM1 and FLT3 mutations.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Nucleus , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1295-1299, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301733

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution of T helper (Th9) cells and its relationship with clinical characteristics of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and to analyze the activating levels of different transcriptional factors in Th9 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The peripheral blood specimens of 102 AML patients and 83 healthy persons as controls were collected, then the T cells of peripheral blood in AML patients and controls were isolated by using CD3 magnetic beads, the mRNA expression of IL-9 was detected by real-time quantitative PCR, the Th9(CD4IL-9) cell levels in diffrent stages and activating level of Th9 coexpression with IL-9 were detected by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA expression of IL-9 in peripheral blood of AML M2 and M3 patients was significantly higher than that in control groups (P<0.01), at same time the CD4IL-9cell rate was significantly higher than that in control group also(P<0.01). The results of dynamically monitoring the distribution of Th9 cells in AML-M2 and M3 patients showed that the Th9 cell rate and the mRNA expression of IL-9 in newly diagnosed M2 and M3, and relapsed M2 groups were significantly higher than those of M2 and M3 in remission (P<0.01); the detection results of IL-9co-expression with transcriptional factors (SMAD3, IRF-1and IRF-4) indicated that the percantage of Th9 pSMAD3cells in peripheral blood of newly diagnosed and relapsed M2 and M3 patients was significantly higher than that in M2 and M3 patients in remission (P<0.01); on the contrary, the percentage of Th9 IRF-1cells in peripheral blood of M2 and M3 patients in remission was significantly higher than that in newly diagnosed M2 and M3 patients (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The distribution of T helper cells in peripheral blood of AML-M2 and M3 patients significantly increases, moreover, correlates with disease status. The prediction of Th9 cell functions should be performed in combination with it transcriptional factors which have inmportant significance for microenvironment of tumors in AML patients.</p>

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1545-1549, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340461

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nilotinib for treating patients with imatinib-resistant or intolerant chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). A total of 23 patients with imatinib-resistant or intolerant CML were enrolled in this study. These patients received nilotinib orally 600-800 mg every day, their curative efficacy, tolerance and overal survival were evaluated. The results showed that all the patients treated with nilotinib obtained complete hematologic remission (CHR), out of them 82.6% patients achieved complete cytogenetic remission (CCyR) and 56.5% patients achieved complete molecular remission (CMR), their adverse events mostly were mild to moderate, generally were transient and easily cured; the median treatment time with nilotinib was 13.5 (1-44) months, and the median follow-up time was 40 (12-102) months. It is concluded that nilotinib has been confirmed to be effective for patients with imatinib-resistant or intolerant CML, and may be selected as a second generation of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI).


Subject(s)
Humans , Benzamides , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Pyrimidines , Therapeutic Uses , Remission Induction
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 581-586, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332732

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dasatinib in BCR/ABL positive leukemia patients with primary or secondary resistance to imatinib. 27 patients with primary or secondary imatinib-resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) or Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphocytic leukemia (Ph(+) ALL) received 100 - 140 mg/d dasatinib orally. Their overall survival and tolerance were evaluated. The results showed that the median duration of dasatinib therapy was 8 (1-66) months in the 27 imatinib-resistant BCR/ABL positive leukemia cases, with a median follow-up of 54 (3-75) months. After the dasatinib treatment, 88.8% of all the 27 cases achieved complete hematologic response (CHR), 29.6% of them achieved major cytogenetic response (mCyR), 37% of all achieved complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) and 18.5% cases achieved major molecular response (MMR). Patients who received dasatinib in progress of disease (CML-AP, CML-BC and bone marrow relapse Ph(+) ALL) had a lower CCyR rate than those in stable disease (CML-CP and bone marrow remission Ph(+) ALL) (P = 0.0377), and 3 - 4 grade adverse events occurred more frequently in progress of disease than that in stable disease. Overall survival of the patients who achieved CCyR after dasatinib therapy was statistically longer than those who did not achieve CCyR (63 m vs 9 m, P = 0.0126). The most common grade 3 - 4 adverse events during dasatinib therapy including hematology events such as thrombocytopenia (51.8%), neutropenia (48.1%), anemia (33.3%), and non-hematologic events such as pleural effusion (18.5%), pulmonary infection (18.5%), pericardial effusion (11.1%). The 3-4 grade adverse events occurred within 12 months from dasatinib therapy, and were mainly observed in patients with progress of disease. It is concluded that dasatinib is an effective drug in imatinib-resistant BCR/ABL positive leukemia patients, the better curative effect and better tolerance has been observed in patients who received dasatinib in stable disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Benzamides , Therapeutic Uses , Dasatinib , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Blood , Drug Therapy , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Blood , Drug Therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Pyrimidines , Therapeutic Uses , Thiazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1429-1434, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265000

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to analyze the expression of NKG2D ligands in human leukemic cells and to investigate the effects of matrine on NKG2D ligand expression. The expressions of NKG2D ligand MICA/B, ULBP1-3 in several human leukemia cell lines (K562, OUN-1, U937 and K562/AO2), as well as primary leukemic cells isolated from malignant leukemia patients were analyzed by flow cytometry. After treatment with different doses of matrine, the expression level of NKG2D ligands in these leukemic cells was detected by FCM. The results indicated that NKG2D ligand expression was detected in both the leukemia cell lines and primary malignant leukemic cells. Generally, the expression of ULBP was high or obviously higher than that of MICA/B in leukemia cell lines and primary leukemic cells. The expression pattern of NKG2D ligands was different among these cells, possibly due to the different types of leukemia. Not all the expression of NKG2D ligands was upregulated after matrine treatment. Much higher expressions of ULBP2 and ULBP3 were found in K562 cells, compared to the other cell lines, which partly contributes to the higher sensitivity of K562 cells to NK cytotoxicity as target cells. It is concluded that there is universal expression of NKG2D ligand in leukemia cells. The high ULBP expression is prevalent in human leukemia cells. Matrine has the potential to induce the expression of NKG2D ligands in leukemia cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , GPI-Linked Proteins , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I , Metabolism , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , K562 Cells , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K , Metabolism , Quinolizines , Pharmacology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 812-817, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263297

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression characteristics of two transcriptional factors in Ikaros family, Ikaros and Helios isoforms and their mechanism, as well as their correlation with clinical parameters, which play important roles in transcriptional regulation of hematopoiesis. Expression of Ikaros and Helios isoforms in a total of 163 patients with leukemia and correlations between Ikaros and Helios isoforms were analyzed by PCR. The results showed that different expression patters of Ikaros and Helios isoforms existed in leukemia patients, that is, Ikaros isoform (Ik-6) was predominantly expressed in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with BCR/ABL fusion gene, while Helios isoform (He-i) was overexpressed in T-cell ALL patients. The results of cloning and sequencing demonstrated that the isoforms of Ikaros and Helios had different genetic alterations. The statistical correlation between these two isoforms not was found in this study, although interaction between Ikaros and Helios has been reported. It is concluded that although Ikaros and Helios belong to the same family with similar structure of zinc fingers, their isoforms have different expression profile, specific genetic alterations, and different clinical relevance in patients with leukemia. The connection and interaction between Ik-6 and He-i needs further research.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gene Expression Profiling , Ikaros Transcription Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukemia , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Isoforms , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1110-1116, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278425

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the incidence of mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene rearrangement and partner gene types as well as the clinical features and prognosis of acute leukemia (AL) with this rearrangement through detection in adult AL using combination of 3 techniques, and to evaluate the clinical value of this combination detection. The MLL gene rearrangement in 183 cases of adult AL was detected by combination of conventional cytogenetics, split signal FISH and multiplex nested PCR. The results showed that the incidence of MLL rearrangements in adult patients with AL was low (8.2%), and MLL-AF4 fusion gene was most common and predominant in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), while the MLL-AF6 and MLL-AF9 were most frequent in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Extramedullary involvements were found in 40% of MLL-rearranged AL patients, and 33.3% of patients with MLL-rearranged AL reached to complete remission within 30 days during induction chemotherapy. In addition, in this cohort of MLL-rearranged adult AL patients, the 3-month relapse rate and 6-month overall survival rate were 50.0% and 50.0% respectively. It is concluded that the rate of missed diagnosis of CC technique for patients with MLL-rearranged AL reached to 60% in this study, while the combination of CC, FISH and multiplex nested PCR has been confirmed to have important significance for evaluating prognosis and conducting clinical therapy of patients with MLL-rearranged AL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gene Rearrangement , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein , Genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 628-631, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278353

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effectivity and safety of single high-dose (HD) etoposide (Vp16) with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) for mobilization of autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) in patients with hematologic malignancies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>80 patients of hematologic malignancies including 20 patients with acute leukemia (AL), 23 with multiple myeloma (MM), 35 with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and 2 with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) received Vp16 (1.6 g/m(2)) continuous intravenous infusion for 10 hrs on day 1. G-CSF at 10 µg/kg once daily subcutaneous injection began to use on day of ANC lower than 1×10(9)/L and continued until PBSC collection was completed. Autologous PBSC (APBSC) was collected on day of WBC greater than 5×10(9)/L and continuing until the collection goal was met (target value: MNC ≥ 6.0×10(8)/kg and CD34(+) ≥ 2.0×10(6)/kg). The patients received APBSC after conditioning regimen. The number of the cells collection, time of hematopoietic reconstruction, adverse effect and so on were observed during the course of stem cell mobilization and collection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PBSC was collected on day 11 (range: 7 - 25 days) of after Vp16 administration with a median collection time of 2 (range 1 - 5). 3/80 patients with AML got stem cell mobilization failure. 5 of 6 patients who failed to mobilize before got successful stem cell mobilization, 1/6 patient with AML-M(5) got a second failure after the mobilization of VP16 whose first time's mobilization using Ara-C did not succeed. The median number of CD34(+) cells collected in 77 patients who got successful mobilization was 4×10(6)/kg \[range (1.59 - 24.68)×10(6)/kg\]. The collection of 20 patients with AL and 23 with MM were got detection for minimal residual disease, no pollution of tumor cells were happened. All patients could tolerate the whole course of stem cell mobilization. 29/80 (36.25%) patients got a 4 grade leucopenia, 19/80 (23.75%) patients got infection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Single high-dose etoposide with G-CSF for mobilization of APBSC has a higher achievement ratio, a controllable adverse effect, a promising hematopoiesis recovery, which is an effective and safe mobilizing regimen for patients with hematologic malignancies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Etoposide , Therapeutic Uses , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Therapeutic Uses , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Methods , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 303-307, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244934

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the mutational status of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT3a) gene and the clinical features of AML patients with DNMT3a mutations. Using PCR combined with directly sequencing, the somatic mutations of DNMT3a involving residue of amino acid 882 were detected in 77 AML patients. Furthermore, the clinical features of these patients were also studied. The results showed that the DNMT3a mutation were detected in 7 out of 59 patients with de novo AML (11.9%), which included 4 patients with DNMT3a R882C, 2 patients with DNMT3a R882H and 1 patient with DNMT3a Y874C. Morphology examination indicated that 2 patients were M(2), 1 patient was M(4) and 4 patients were M(5). Cytogenetic analysis revealed that karyotype in 5 out of 7 patients with DNMT3a mutation were normal. In total of 27 patients with normal karyotype 5 patients (22.7%) were found harboring DNMT3a mutation, while no DNMT3a mutation was found in 21 patients with abnormal karyotype. The mutation rate in patients with positive CEBPA was obviously higher than that in patients with negative CEBPA (p = 0.002). Immunophenotype analysis showed that 4 patients (4/7, 57.1%) with DNMT3a mutation expressed lymphoid antigens including CD4 or/and CD7. There were no statistical significance in age, gender, blast cells of bone marrow, white blood cell and platelet counts, hemoglobin level, ratio of CR, mutations of FLT3-ITD, NPM1 and c-kit between patients with DNMT3a mutation and patients with wild DNMT3a (p > 0.05). It is concluded that the DNMT3a mutations are more prevalent in AML patients with normal karyotype accompanying with positive NPM1 and/or CEBPA mutation, the role of DNMT3a mutation in AML prognosis needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins , Genetics , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 983-986, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261945

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore cytogenetic characteristics of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and compare the interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH) with conventional cytogenetic (CC) analysis. A total number of 157 APL patients were recruited in this study, and the I-FISH and CC were applied to analyze cytogenetic features. Chromosome samples of bone marrow cells were prepared by short-term culture. Out of all 157 cases, 136 were observed with CC assay, 66 with I-FISH, of which 45 samples were analyzed with both methods. The results showed that among all 136 CC samples, t(15;17)(q22;q21) was found in 120 cases, of which 107 cases was isolated t(15;17)(q22;q21) abnormality, 13 cases was complex abnormalities and 12 case without mitotic figure. Among all 66 cases of I-FISH group, PMI/RARα fusion gene was found in 64 cases (97.0%), suggesting that I-FISH group was more sensitive than CC group (p = 0.041). It is concluded that combination of I-FISH and CC techniques plays a pivotal role for diagnosis and detection of minimal residual disease in APL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cytogenetic Analysis , Methods , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1511-1514, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332328

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy and adverse events of bortezomib-based chemotherapy for 40 patients with multiple myeloma. 16 newly diagnosed patients and 11 patients with refractory/relapse myeloma were treated with bortezomib, dexamethasone and thalidomide; 7 newly diagnosed patients and 4 patients with refractory/relapse myeloma were treated with bortezomib and dexamethasone; 2 newly diagnosed patients were treated with bortezomib, melphalan and thalidomide. Cycles were repeated every 28 or 35 days, all the patients were treated for 2 to 8 cycles. The therapeutic efficacy and adverse events were evaluated according to International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Response Criteria. The results indicated that the median follow-up duration was 13 months, the total response rate was 72.5%, among which 16 patients achieved complete response (CR), 13 achieved partial response (PR). The main side effects included gastrointestinal symptoms, peripheral neuropathy, thrombocytopenia, respiratory infection, herpes zoster and urinary retention and so on. The adverse events were ameliorated by treatment and decrease of the bortezomib dose. It is concluded that bortezomib-based chemotherapy is effective in the treatment of either newly diagnosed or refractory/relapse MM patients and the adverse events are tolerable and manageable for patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Boronic Acids , Bortezomib , Multiple Myeloma , Drug Therapy , Pyrazines , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1525-1530, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332325

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of HLH-2004 chemotherapy in patients with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH). 10 cases of sHLH treated with HLH-2004 regimen at our department were analyzed retrospectively. The results showed that 7 patients had clinical response to HLH-2004 regimen, while other 3 patients had no clinical response. 5 cases did not complete initial therapy of 8 weeks. Out of 5 cases, 4 died in the process of chemotherapy, 1 patient abandoned for serious side effects but finally acquired remission following 4 cycles of CHOP regimen. 5 cases underwent the whole courses of initial therapy. Out of 5 cases, 3 patients acquired remission, and other 2 were not well controlled. Out of the 3 patients who had achieved remission, one died of relapse, and other 2 patients kept remission. Out of the 2 patients who were not well controlled, one patient died, but another patient acquired remission after being discharged. It is concluded that patients with infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (IAHS) have high rates of remission after receiving HLH-2004 regimen combining with effective antibiotics. However, patients with HLH secondary to EBV (EBV-HLH) or lymphoma (LAHS) have low rates of remission or are easy to get relapse after remission.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Doxorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Drug Therapy , Prednisolone , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine , Therapeutic Uses
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 8-11, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302208

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the characteristics of chromosome karyotype abnormality in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. 379 cases of de novo acute myeloid leukemia were enrolled in this study. Chromosome preparations were made on bone marrow cells by using direct method or short-term culture. Chromosome karyotypes were analyzed by R-banding technique. The results indicated that 216 out of 379 patients had clonal chromosome aberrations with the percentage of 56.99%, including 19 kinds of balanced translocations and 70 kinds of chromosome gain or loss. The most common structure and numerical abnormalities were t(15;17) and -Y with the percentage of 25.86% and 5.80%, respectively. -Y was accompanied by t(8;21) in 90.9% of the -Y abnormality cases, which accounted for 40.81% of t(8;21) positive cases. The abnormality of M(3) was significantly higher than the other FAB subtypes (p < 0.05). No significance was found between the male and female groups for the chromosome aberrations (p > 0.05). In conclusion, some specific chromosome aberrations are correlated with specific FAB subtype, which may contribute to the clinical diagnosis and subtyping of the disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Disorders , Genetics , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics
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