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Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 568-571, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908549


Non-image forming functions of eyes include the regulation of biological circadian rhythm and biological magnetoreception.Biological magnetoreception means that various organisms including human obtain the direction and position information through the geomagnetic field.Creatures with retina realize magnetoreception regarding retinal cryptochrome as magnetoreceptor.Hypotheses of magnetoreception contain the radical-pair theory and the biological compass theory.The two theories both reckon retinal elements as possible receptor protein of magnetoreception, and eyes as receptor organ.The radical-pair theory suggests that change of radical spin influences the structure of retinal cryptochrome, leading to different downstream chemical reaction products, which makes the variable magnetic field information perceivable.And the biological compass theory proposes a rod-like complex composed of polymerized cryptochromes and magnetoreceptor proteins, which can point to different directions due to light and magnetic signals.These changes in retina transmit geomagnetic field signal to the brain, and then sense of direction is formed.Researching biological magnetoreception promotes a novel perspective in the diagnosis and treatment of eye and brain diseases, and brings innovation in magnetic material field.In this article, non-image forming functions of eyes, hypotheses of magnetoreception and possible mechanism of non-image forming functions of eyes in magnetoreception were reviewed.

Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 859-863, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699835


Objective To evaluate the efficiency and safety of micropulse laser trabeculoplasty (MLT) for open angle glaucoma ( OAG) patients and ocular hypertension ( OHT) patients. Methods A prospective self-controlled study was designed. Fifty-six eyes of 56 OAG and OHT patients in Peking University Third Hospital were recruited from June 2016 to June 2017,including 32 males and 24 females with the age of (50. 4±19. 0) years old. The diagnosis included 48 eyes of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG),3 eyes of normal tension glaucoma and 5 eyes of OHT. The best corrected vision acuity ( BCVA) was 0. 7 ±0. 3 before treatment. The intraocular pressure (IOP) before MLT was (20.4±5.8) mmHg,the average types of antiglaucoma medications was 1.7,including systemic medication and local drug use. The general information, BCVA, IOP and antiglaucoma medication were recorded. Only one eye of each patient was treated by MLT. The IOP at different follow-up time points (2 hours, 1 day,1 week, 1 month, 3 months post-treatment) and the number of antiglaucoma medication before and after treatment were compared. This study protocol was approved by Ethic Committee of Peking University Third Hospital (No. 2014166). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination. Results The IOP after MLT was (20. 2±6. 7),(17. 6±4. 4),(18. 1±4. 5),(17. 4±3. 4) and (17. 0±2. 1)mmHg at 2 hours, 1 day,1 week,1 month and 3 months,respectively,with significant difference among the different time points ( F=7. 320,P<0. 001). Compared with the IOP before treatment,the IOP at 1 day,1 week,1 month and 3 months after treatment were significantly decerased,with significant differences between them (all at P<0. 05). Three months after treatment,the average number of glaucoma medications used was 1. 5, and only local administration was used. Infection,hyphema,cornea injury,burns and other complications were not seen in all the patients. Conclusions MLT is effective and safety for OAG and OHT patients,and reduce the use of glaucoma drugs.

Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 890-892, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422766


Objective To investigate the influence of circadian rhythm,gender and stain on the tail suspension test in mice.Methods The immobility time of male and female Kunming,BALB/C and C57BL/6 mice in daytime or night were analyzed.Results ① The immobility time of Kunming mice during the day ( ( 114.24 ±11.18)s) was significantly more than that at night ( (65.39 ± 19.17)s).② The immobility time of male BALB/C mice( (68.57 ± 11.27 ) s) was significantly less than that of female BALB/C mice( ( 113.33 ± 3.87 ) s).③ The immobility time of C57BL/6 mice was significant more than that of Kunming and BALB/C mice under the same condition.Conclusions Circadian rhythm,gender and strain could significantly affect the immobility time of mice in tail suspension test.To increase the sensitivity and reliability of the tail suspension test,male Kunming and female BALB/C mice should be tested during the daytime.Compared to Kunming and BALB/C mice,the results of C57BL/6 mice were more stable.

Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 827-829, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422353


Objective To explore the tridimensional personality characteristics of heroin addicts and the relationship with their mental state.Methods The personality character of 113 general adult and 100 heroin addicts were tested with tridimensional personality questionnaire(TPQ),and the mental state for the heroin addicts were tested with symptom of check- list(SCL-90) and to contrast the consequence with the norm of Chinese.Results NS and HA scores in heroin addicts( ( 18.07 ±4.13),( 16.06 ± 5.13) ) were higher than those in normal control group( ( 16.22 ± 4.88),( 13.98 ± 6.11 ) ) (P < 0.05 ),and RD scores ( 17.22 t 3.18 ) was lower than that of the control group (18.27 ± 3.73 ),the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05 ).The total score of SCL-90 and 9 factors score of heroin addicts were higher than the national norm,the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01 ),in which somatization,obsession,depression and psychosis were more prominent ; HA scores in heroin addicts were positively associated with the factors including obsession,interpersonal relation sensitivity,depression and positive project number.The Pearson correlation coefficient were respectively 0.226,0.243,0.201,0.215,the difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05).Conclusion The personality characteristics of heroin addicts is special and is correlated with their mental health state.