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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the outcomes of watch&wait (W&W) strategy in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who achieved complete clinical response (cCR) after neoadjuvant therapy, with those who obtained pathological complete response (pCR) after total mesorectal excision (TME).Methods:This is a retrospective cohort analysis study. Patients histologically proven with locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma (stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ) who had received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were eligible between January 2014 and December 2019. In whom we included patients who had cCR offered management with W&W strategy after completing neoadjuvant therapy and follow-up ≥1 year (W&W group), and patients who did not have cCR but pCR after TME (pCR group). The primary endpoints were 3-year and 5-year overall survival (OS), colostomy-free survival (CFS), disease-free survival (DFS), non-local regrowth disease-free survival (NR-DFS), and organ preservation rate. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for survival analysis and log-rank test was performed. For comparative analysis, we also derived one-to-one paired cohorts of W&W versus pCR using propensity-score matching (PSM).Results:A total of 118 patients were enrolled, 49 of whom had cCR and managed by W&W, 69 had pCR, with a median follow-up period of 49.5 months (12.1-79.9 months). No difference was observed in the 3-year OS (97.1% vs. 96.7%) and 5-year OS (93.8% vs. 90.9%, P=0.696) between the W&W and pCR groups. Patients managed by W&W had significantly better 3-year and 5-year CFS (89.1% vs. 43.5%, P<0.001), better 3-year DFS (83.6% vs. 97.0%) and 5-year DFS (83.6% vs. 91.2%, P=0.047) compared with those achieving pCR. The 3-year NR-DFS (95.9% vs. 97.0%) and 5-year NR-DFS (92.8% vs. 97.0%, P=0.407) did not significantly differ between the W&W and pCR groups. Local regeneration occurred in six cases, and 87.7% of patients had successful rectum preservation in the W&W group. In the PSM analysis (34 patients in each group), absolutely better CFS (90.1% vs. 26.5%, P<0.001) was noted in the W&W group. A median interval of 17.5 weeks was observed for achieving cCR, while only 23.9% of patients achieved cCR within 5 to 12 weeks from radiation completion. Patients with short-course sequential chemoradiotherapy achieved cCR significantly later when compared with those with long-course concurrent chemoradiotherapy (19.0 vs. 9.8 weeks, P<0.001). Conclusions:The oncological outcomes of W&W strategy in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer are safe and effective, significantly improving the quality of life. Longer interval for cCR evaluation may improve rectal organ preservation rate.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the motion and influencing factors of implanted gold markers in guiding liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using abdominal compression.Methods:Twenty patients with oligometastatic colorectal cancer or primary hepatocellular carcinoma from January 2016 to December 2019 were included. All patients were treated with SBRT under abdominal compression, with 1-3 gold markers were implanted within 2 cm from the lesion before positioning. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) scan was used for treatment planning. The respiratory cycle was divided into 0-90% respiratory phase images based on the respiratory signal, which were reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3 version 9.1; Philips Medical System, Madison, WI, USA), and cone beam CT validation images before radiation exposure were obtained. The liver volume was divided into 3 parts: within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, 2-5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein. The motion of different tumor locations was evaluated. Results:The average intrafractional motion amplitude was (2.63±2.81) mm in the cranial-caudal (CC) direction, (1.35±1.23) mm in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction, and (0.76±0.88) mm in the left-right (LR) direction, respectively. The average interfractional motion amplitude was (3.45±3.06) mm, (2.64±2.60) mm, and (2.23±2.07) mm, respectively. Both the intra-or inter-fractional motion amplitudes in the CC direction were the highest, followed by those in the AP and LR direction (all P<0.001). The motion varied at different tumor locations. The longer distance from the main hepatic portal vein, the larger the intrafractional motion (all P<0.05). To cover the 95% population-based confidence interval, the internal target volume (ITV) was suggested to include the expansion of 3.9 mm, 5.2 mm and 7.9 mm in the LR, AP and CC direction. The expansion of 4.3 mm, 4.4 mm and 6.1 mm was delivered within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and 3.5 mm, 7.3 mm and 9.7 mm>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, respectively. The expansion varied significantly depending on the tumor location, whereas the motion in the CC direction was the largest regardless of the tumor location. The longer distance of the tumor from the main portal vein, the larger expansion in the CC direction. The expansion of tumor > 5 cm from the main portal vein in the AP direction was larger than that of inner parts. Conclusion:Liver tumors at different locations require individual external expansion of ITV.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910462

ABSTRACT

Extramural vascular invasion (EMVI) is a prognostic factor in rectal cancer. The previous evaluation of EMVI relies on the analysis of postoperative pathological results. With the development of MRI, MRI can accurately assess the status of EMVI (mrEMVI). MrEMVI has become the important prognostic indicator for rectal cancer. The risk of local recurrence and distant metastasis in mrEMVI-positive patients will be significantly increased. The aim of this article is to review the diagnostic features, clinical significance, and impact on treatment patterns of EMVI, and project its future development trend of EMVI.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910428

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic significance of neoadjuvant rectal (NAR) score and downstaging depth score (DDS) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC).Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed for 200 patients with LARC (T 3-T 4 and/or N 1-N 2, M 0), who were initially treated in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2015 to 2018. All patients had baseline MRI data and received preoperative nCRT and radical resection. All patients received preoperative radiotherapy with a dose of 45-50Gy combined with concurrent capecitabine. The effect of NAR and DDS scores on clinical prognosis was statistically compared. The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) was calculated using the Kaplan- Meier method and compared by the log- rank test. Cox proportional hazards model was used to perform multivariate survival analysis. The predictive performance for 3-year DFS was calculated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The median follow-up time was 30.5(10.6-54.0) months. In terms of DDS, the 3-year DFS rate was 56.4% in the DDS ≤0 group, significantly lower than 83.0% in the DDS >0 group ( P=0.002). In terms of NAR score, the 3-year DFS rates were 90.1%, 73.8% and 53.6% in NAR score ≤8, 8-16 and>16 groups, respectively ( P<0.001). In the whole cohort, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of DDS and NAR scores for predicting 3-year DFS were 0.683 and 0.756( P=0.037). In yp0-I stage patients ( n=72), the AUC of DDS and NAR scores for predicting 3-year DFS were 0.762 and 0.569( P=0.032). Conclusions:High DDS and low NAR scores after nCRT indicate good prognosis for patients with LARC. NAR score yields better accuracy than DDS in predicting clinical prognosis, but DDS is significantly better than NAR score in yp0-I stage population.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868641

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between MRI parameters and clinical prognosis before and after chemoradiotherapy in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.Methods:Clinical and follow-up data of 96 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who were initially treated in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2015 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received preoperative chemoradiotherapy, followed by delayed radical surgery at 6-13 weeks after radiotherapy. MRI assessment was performed twice around radiotherapy which were within 4 weeks before the treatment and 4-8 weeks after it. Correlation analysis was utilized to determine the association between MRI assessment and 3-year disease-free survival (DFS).Results:Of the all patients, 80 (83%) had T 3 stage, 16(17%) had T 4 stage, 14 (15%) had N 0 stage, and 82 (86%) had N 1-2 stage. Among them, 69(72%) and 58(60%) patients were positive for MRF and EMVI. The median dose of radiotherapy was 50 Gy, and all patients were sensitized by simultaneous capecitabine. After chemoradiotherapy, T-downstage rate of the whole group was 24%, and 50% for the N-downstage rate. The MRF-and EMVI-positive rates were significantly decreased to 37% and 27% after chemoradiotherapy (both P<0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that N staging and EMVI status change were significantly correlated with the 3-year DFS. Conclusion:MRI after concurrent chemoradiotherapy reveals that positive EMVI throughout the treatment and N 1-N 2 staing are poor prognostic factors of DFS, suggesting the need for improving the treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708316

ABSTRACT

Rectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies in China. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy combined with total mesorectal excision is the standard treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide anatomical positioning,clinical staging and evaluation of clinical efficacy of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, thereby offering support for the precise establishment of comprehensive therapeutic strategy. This study aims to summarize the current status and development trend of MRI applied in the staging of rectal cancer, evaluation and prediction of clinical efficacy.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2333-2335, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for rational prophylactic application of antibiotics in perioperative period of per-manent cardiac pacemaker implantation. METHODS:600 cases performed permanent cardiac pacemaker implantation in 2010(be-fore rectification),2012(during rectification)and 2014(after rectification)were randomly sampled from our hospital,and divided into control group,intervention group one and intervention group two. The prophylactic application of antibiotics was investigated and analyzed in 3 groups. RESULTS:For control group,intervention group one and intervention group two,the rates of rational type selection of antibiotics for prophylactic use were 7.25%,31.00% and 91.96%,respectively. The rates of rational medication timing of antibiotics for prophylactic use were 0,100% and 100%;average duration of prophylactic use decreased from (3.6 ± 1.2)d before intervention to(1.1±0.5)d and(1.0±0.2)d. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of postoperative infection(P>0.05). Compared with control group,average drug cost,antibiotics cost and drug ratio decreased significantly in in-tervention group,with statistical significane (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Antibiotics special rectification is effective and improve the rational application of antibiotics in our hospital.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312646

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the feasibility and safety of using the modified active fixation pacing leads model to pace the right ventricular outflow tract septum.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 136 patients undergoing artificial heart pacemaker implantation with active fixation pacing leads were randomized into two groups to receive conventional right ventricular outflow tract pacing (CRVOTP) or modified right ventricular outflow tract pacing (MRVOTP). The electrode lead wire core was modeled in a double-curved three-dimensional shape in CRVOTP group and in a J-shaped bend in MRVOTP group before fixation at the right ventricular outflow tract septum.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Right ventricular outflow tract septum pacing was achieved successfully in all the patients. None of patients experienced serious complications. No significant differences were found between the two groups in the number of times of electrode fixation, pacing thresholds, impedance, R wave height or QRS wave width during the operation, but MRVOTP was associated with a reduced time of X -ray exposure and operation (P<0.05) due to the convenience in electrode modeling and in passing the leads through the tricuspid annulus and the direct access to the right ventricular outflow tract septum. Postoperative follow-up of the patients showed no incidence of active fixation pacing lead dislocation and comparable pacing thresholds of the ventricular electrodes, impedance, R wave height and QRS wave width between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUTIONS</b>Using the modified active fixation pacing leads model to pace the right ventricular outflow tract septum can reduce the time of X -ray exposure and operation with a low probability of lead damage.</p>


Subject(s)
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Electrodes , Heart Ventricles , Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329248

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>Objective To compare the impact of right ventricular apical (RVA) versus right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) pacing on left ventricular systolic synchronization.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty patients were prospectively recruited and randomized into RVA group (n=30) with the right ventricle leads placed in the RVA and RVOT group (n=30) with right ventricle leads placed in the septum of the RVOT. Speckle tracking imaging was performed with 100% ventricle pacing to measure the differences in the time to maximum left ventricle (LV) radial strain.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In RVA group, the difference in the time to 6-segment maximum LV radial strain after pacing was 105.27 ± 19.74 ms, significantly greater than that in RVOT group (41.65 ± 12.17 ms, P<0.001). The standard difference of time to 6-segment maximum LV radial strain was also significantly greater in RVA group than in RVOT group (42.71 ± 17.63 vs 17.63 ± 5.62 ms, P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Left ventricle systolic synchronizaition after RVOT pacing is superior to RVA pacing.</p>


Subject(s)
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Methods , Heart , Heart Ventricles , Humans , Systole
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319440

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effect of implanted cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to ACC/AHA Guideline of ICD implantation (2005), 35 patients successfully received ICD/CRT-D implantation for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in our hospital from January 2006 to December 2009. All the patients were followed up for a mean of 2 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During the follow up, 11 (31.43%) patients experienced ventricular arrhythmic episodes, for which 16 defibrillation therapies and 75 anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP) therapies were delivered without mistaken shock or death. The incidence rate of NVM was 100%, that of PVT was 66.67%, Brugada syndrome 50%, HCM 25% and DCM 16.67%. Of these episodes, the incidence of VF episodes among PVC patients was 87.5% (14 beats), ventricular tachycardia PVC was 82.28% (65 times), 5 beats in NVM patients, 4 beats in HCM and Brugada syndrome patients, and 1 beat in DCM patients. No ICD implantation-related complication was detected, and no ventricular tachycardia induced syncope occurred in these cases. All patients showed improved quality of life after the implantation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICD implantation can prevent malignant ventricular arrhythmia episodes, especially for PVT, NVM and Brugada syndrome in high risk SCD patients, demonstrating the value of implantation of ICD as a primary prevention in high-risk SCD patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Epidemiology , Defibrillators, Implantable , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Primary Prevention
11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 682-684, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421103

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics,treatment and prognosis of primary esophageal small cell carcinoma (PESC).Methods Fifty-five patients with PESC were analyzed retrospectively.The survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and the Log-rank test using SPSS 17.0 software.Results The median survival time of 55 patients was 12 months.The 6,12,24.36months survival rates of these patients were 87.3 % (48/55),50.9 % (32/55),12.7 % (7/55),7.3 % (4/55),respectively.In multivariate analysis,stage and type of treatment were shown to be independent predictive.Conclusion PESC is a malignant tumor with early metastasis and poor prognosis.Combined therapy may improve the survival time of PESC patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-536220

ABSTRACT

Objective to investigate the clinical diagnosis of female hypertension with chest pain.Methods The clinical coronary angiography data of 77 female cases of hypertension with chest pain diagnosed as coronary heart diseased (CHD) and angina pectoris were analysed retrospectively.The comparison of the risk factors and clinical features in the two groups was made.Results Clinically,it was difficult to differentiate hypertension with chest pain and coronary heart failure,but dynamic EDG and typical angina pectoris suggested the possibility of coronary heart disease.Conclusion Coronary angiography is still essential to diagnose CHD.

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