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1.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 55(4): 537-542, July-Aug. 2012.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-645405

ABSTRACT

To investigate the exposure of the Newcastle disease virus (NDV), infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) and avian poxvirus (APV) in Magellanic penguins found on the beaches in Southern regions of Brazil, the frequency of serum antibodies was estimated in 89 samples taken during 2005 and 2006. All the penguins were negative for the presence of antibodies against NDV by hemagglutination inhibition test and to APV by indirect ELISA. The reactivity was similar to the positives controls using ELISA kit for the IBDV made in the chickens in 50 samples. This reactivity also was demonstrated in 42 samples using agar gel immunodiffusion. No clinical signs related to IBDV infection were observed. The results indicated the absence of infection by NDV and APV but suggested IBDV exposure in the population of penguins studied.

2.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 46(5): 404-411, 2009. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-538434

ABSTRACT

Objetivando descrever a inervação originada a partir dos ramos ventrais lombares e sacrais, fez-se um estudo, mediante a dissecação de dois exemplares de lobos-marinhos (Arctocephalus australis), oriundos do CRAM-FURG, onde chegaram em óbito. As estruturas nervosas constituintes dos plexos lombar e sacral possuem origem dos ramos ventrais dos nervos espinhais que formam-se dos segmentos medulares L1 a S3. Assim, pode-se observar que, os formados dos segmentos L1 a L3 são unissegmentares, sendo respectivamente os nervos Ílio-hipogástrico e Ílio-inguinal e Cutâneo Femoral Lateral. Da união dos segmentos L3-L4 surgem os nervos Genito-femoral, Obturatório e Femoral. Da confluência dos segmentos L4-5-S1 forma-se um tronco nervoso, o plexo isquiático, que emite os nervos: Glúteos Cranial e Caudal, Cutâneo Femoral Caudal e Isquiático. O nervo Isquiático ramifica-se em Cutâneos Surais Lateral e Caudal, Tibial, Fibular Comum. O nervo Pudendo (divide-se nos nervos dorsal do pênis ou clitóris e perineais superficial e profundo) e Retal Caudal têm origem dos segmentos S2-3. Com base nestes dados podemos inferir que a inervação lombar e sacral têm origem similar a outras espécies de mamíferos, contudo sua organização e distribuição refletem as modificações adaptativas aos hábitos destes animais, principalmente a locomoção em meio aquático.


In order to describe the innervation originated from ventral lumbar and sacral branches, a study was made through dissection of two specimens of south american fur seals (Arctocephalus australis), originated from CRAM-FURG, where they arrived deceased. The nervous structures that constitute the lumbar and sacral plexes are originated from ventral branches of spinal nerves which come from medullary segments L1 to S3. Thus, one can observe that the nerves originated form L1 to L3 are monosegmentary, being respectively iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal and lateral femoral cutaneous nerves. From the reunion of L3 and L4 segments arise genitofemoral, obturator and femoral nerves. From the confluence of segments L4-5-S1 arises a nervous trunk – the sciatic plexus, which gives the following nerves: cranial and caudal gluteal, caudal femoral cutaneous and sciatic. Sciatic nerve splits into lateral and caudal sural cutaneous, tibial, common peroneal. Pudendal nerve (which divides into dorsal nerve of the penis or clitoris, deep and superficial perineal) and caudal rectal are formed from the S2-3 segments. With these data, one can conclude that the lumbar and sacral innervation have similar origin to other mammal species, however its organization and distribution reflect the adaptative changes to this animals’ habits, specially its locomotionin water.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fur Seals/anatomy & histology , Lumbosacral Region/innervation , Sacrococcygeal Region/innervation
3.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 45(3): 174-179, 2008. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-487885

ABSTRACT

Espécies fúngicas do gênero Aspergillus são frequentemente associadas com alta mortalidade de aves marinhas em cativeiro. Tendo em vista que a aspergilose geralmente é adquirida pela inalação dos propágulos fúngicos presentes no ar, o estudo objetivou avaliar a qualidade do ar quanto às espécies de Aspergillus, das instalações internas de um centro de reabilitação de animais marinhos que frequentemente recebe pingüins, gaivotas, albatrozes e petréis acometidos por alguma moléstia. Oitenta e um dias de colheitas foram realizados distribuídos em um período de aproximadamente dois anos, através da exposição de placas de Petri contendo Agar Sabouraud dextrose acrescido de cloranfenicol no ambiente, as quais foram posteriormente incubadas a 25ºC. As colônias identificadas como pertencentes ao gênero Aspergillus, foram classificadas quanto à espécie através da avaliação macro e micro morfológica associada a uma chave de identificação. Foram obtidos 43 isolados classificados em sete espécies distintas, sendo A. fumigatus a predominante correspondendo a 27,9%, seguida de A. niger, A. flavus e outras quatro espécies de Aspergillus sp., demonstrando que as aves marinhas estão expostas a espécies fúngicas com potencial patogênico, o que enfatiza a necessidade de um controle microbiológico no ambiente onde são mantidos os animais em cativeiro.


Aspergillosis in captivity seabirds is often associated with elevated rates of mortality. The infection is usually acquired by inhalation of airborne fungal conidia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of Aspergillus species in the indoor environment of a rehabilitation centre for marine animals in Southern Brazil. This centre continuously receives injured penguins, seagulls, albatrosses and petrels. Petri dishes plates with Agar Sabouraud dextrose and chloramphenicol were left open for 15 minutes in 3 distinct points in the rehabilitation centre and then incubated at 25ºC. During a period of two years the indoor air was sampled in 81 occasions. A total of 43 isolates belonging to 7 different Aspergillus species were recovered. Aspegillus fumigatus was the predominant species (27.9%), followed by A. niger (25.6%), and A. flavus (16.3%). Four other Aspergillus species were isolated. This study demonstrates that seabirds were exposed to pathogenic Aspergillus species in our rehabilitation centre, reinforcing the need for a strict microbiology control of the indoor air in the captivity environment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Air Pollution , Aspergillus/isolation & purification , Aspergillosis/diagnosis , Marine Fauna , Spheniscidae/microbiology
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