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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 407-408, Mar.-Apr. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040040

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction After the diagnosis of transsexualism is confirmed therapy commences with psychotherapeutic preparation for the conversion, and after conversion, long-term patient rehabilitation is maintained for at least two years. The indication for surgery is chronic discomfort caused by discord with the patient's natural gender, intense dislike of developing secondary sex characteristics and the onset of puberty. The surgical conversion of transsexuals is the main step in the complex care of these problematic patients (1). This surgery was first described by Benjamin H, using a flap of inverted penile skin (2) and is considered the gold standard since then. Male-to-female transsexual surgical techniques are well defined and give good cosmetic and functional results. Sex reassignment surgery promotes the improvement of psychological aspects and social relationships as shown in the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment applied in the patients submitted to this procedure (3). Techniques include the creation of a normal appearing female introitus, a vaginoplasty allowing sexual intercourse and the capability of clitoral orgasm (4). Various methods for neovaginoplasty have been described and can be classified into five categories, i.e. pedicled intestinal transplants, penile skin grafts, penile skin flaps, non-genital skin flaps and non-genital skin grafts (5). In our Hospital, we use penile and scrotal skin flaps. Until now, 174 procedures have been performed by our team using this technique with high rates of satisfaction (3). Patients and methods We present a step-by-step male to female transsexual surgery. Conclusion Surgical gender reassignment of male transsexuals resulted in replicas of female genitalia which enabled coitus with orgasm (1). With this video we show step by step that a surgery using penile skin flaps is able to be performed with good cosmetic results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Flaps , Transsexualism/surgery , Sex Reassignment Surgery/methods , Treatment Outcome
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(6): 1176-1184, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040037

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) presents challenges for the surgeon, especially during the initial learning curve. We aimed to evaluate early and mid-term functional outcomes and complications related to vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA), in patients who underwent RARP, during the initial experience in an academic hospital. We also assessed possible predictors of postoperative incontinence and compared these results with the literature. Materials and Methods: We prospectively collected data from consecutive patients that underwent RARP. Patients with at least 6 months of follow-up were included in the analysis for the following outcomes: time to complete VUA, continence and complications related to anastomosis. Nerve-sparing status, age, BMI, EBL, pathological tumor staging, and prostate size were evaluated as possible factors predicting early and midterm continence. Results were compared with current literature. Results: Data from 60 patients was assessed. Mean time to complete VUA was 34 minutes, and console time was 247 minutes. Continence in 6 months was 90%. Incidence of urinary leakage was 3.3%, no patients developed bladder neck contracture or postoperative urinary retention. On multivariate analysis, age and pathological staging was associated to 3-month continence status. Conclusion: Our data show that, during early experience with RARP in a public university hospital, it is possible to achieve good results regarding continence and other outcomes related to VUA. We also found that age and pathological staging was associated to early continence status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Urethra/surgery , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Postoperative Complications , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Hospitals, University , Middle Aged
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(2): 304-310, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840818

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To assess patient satisfaction and quality of life after urethroplasty using two different self-reported outcome measures and to compare it with objective clinical data. Materials and Methods We prospectively collected data from 35 consecutive patients who underwent urethroplasty from January 2013 to September 2014. Patient demographics, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life score, urethral stricture surgery patient-reported outcome measure (USS-PROM), maximum flow rate (Qmax) and post-void residual urine were collected before, two and eight months after surgery. Failure occurred when any postoperative instrumentation was performed. General estimation equation was used to compare the results and linear regression analysis to correlate both questionnaires with objective data. Results Mean age was 61 years. Urethroplasties were equally divided between anastomotic and buccal mucosa grafts and 19 patients (59.3%) had a previous urethral procedure. Overall success rate was 87.5%. IPSS improved from a mean 19 at baseline to 5.32 at 8 months (p <0.001). The mean USS-PROM score also improved from 13.21 preoperatively to 3.36 after surgery (p <0.001) and 84.3% of patients were satisfied or very satisfied with surgical results. Mean Qmax increased from 4.64mL/s to 11mL/s (p <0.001). Strong negative correlation was found respectively between flow rate and USS-PROM (r=-0.531, p <0.001) and with IPSS (r=-0.512, p <0.001). Conclusions Significant improvements in urinary symptoms and in quality of life are expected after urethroplasty and they are correlated with objective measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Urethra/surgery , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Self Report/standards , Postoperative Period , Urination/physiology , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Patient Reported Outcome Measures , Middle Aged
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 38(3): 373-379, May-June 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643036

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a very frequent age-related proliferative abnormality in men. Polymorphic CAG repeat in the androgen receptor (AR) can alter transactivation of androgen-responsive genes and potentially influence BPH risk. We investigated the association between CAG repeat length and risk of BPH in a case-control study of a Brazilian population. We evaluated 214 patients; 126 with BPH and 88 healthy controls. DNA was extracted from peripheral leucocytes and the AR gene was analyzed using fragment analysis. Hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval were estimated using logistic regression models. Mean CAG length was not different between patients with BPH and controls. The CAG repeat length was examined as a categorical variable (CAG < 21 vs. CAG > 21 and CAG < 22 vs. CAG > 22) and did not differ between the control vs. the BPH group. We found no evidence for an association between AR CAG repeat length in BPH risk in a population-based sample of Brazilians.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prostatic Hyperplasia/genetics , Receptors, Androgen/genetics , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Genotyping Techniques , Logistic Models , Risk Factors
5.
J. bras. urol ; 25(2): 225-34, abr.-jun. 1999. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-246371

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Validar o I-PSS (International Prostatic Symptom Score) na língua portuguesa. Material e método: Um grupo de 281 pacientes com hiperplasia prostática benigna (HPB) foi avaliado com uma traduçäo portuguesa dos escores -PSS, QL (Qualidade de Vida) e BII (índice de impacto da HPB). Avaliou-se a confiabilidade teste-reteste, comparando-se os escores obtidos em dois momentos por meio do coeficiente de correlaçäo de Pearson e do teste "t" de Student; a consistência interna foi determinada através da estatística de Chronbach; e verificou-se a validade de constructo pela correlaçäo do I-PSS com os escores QL e BII através do coeficiente de correlaçäo de Pearson e modelos de regressao linear. A responsividade do instrumento foi avaliada em outro grupo de 49 pacientes submetidos a incisäo transuretral de próstata, comparando-se os escores I-PSS e QL pré e pós-operatórios por meio do teste "t" de Student. Resultados: Os coeficientes de correlaçäo em dois momentos dos escores I-PSS, QL e BII foram 0,843, 0,782 e 0,791 (p<0,0001), respectivamente. O I-PSS se correlacionou com os escores QL (r=0,687 p<0,0001) e BII (r=0,727 p<0,0001). O de Chronbach foi calculado em 0,816. As médias dos scores I-PSS e QL diminuíram de 22,71 e 4,04, antes da cirurgia, para 6,42 e 1,66, respectivamente, após a cirurgia (p<0,0001). Conclusäo: O I-PSS traduzido apresentou excelente desempenho psicométrico e pode ser utilizado como instrumento de mensuraçäo de sintomas de HPB no Brasil


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Prostatic Hyperplasia/therapy , Symptoms in Homeopathy , World Health Organization
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