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Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 65(3): 710-714, June 2013. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-679103


Poucos relatos têm descrito avulsões das cabeças lateral ou medial e avulsão bilateral das origens do músculo gastrocnêmio em cães e gatos. Este trabalho descreveu o primeiro relato de avulsão das origens lateral e medial do músculo gastrocnêmio em gata, bem como a técnica de reinserção cirúrgica. Uma gata, sem raça definida, com 10 anos, apresentou claudicação do membro posterior direito com postura plantígrada. Avulsão bilateral das cabeças do músculo gastrocnêmio foi diagnosticada com base nos achados do exame clínico. A técnica de reinserção foi realizada com fio mononáilon, numa sutura de Kessler modificada, ancorada em um orifício criado na porção metafisária distal do fêmur. Após período de imobilização externa complementar seguida de fisioterapia, houve recuperação satisfatória.

Few reports have described avulsions of the medial or lateral heads, as well as bilateral avulsion of the origins of the gastrocnemius muscle in dogs and cats. The objective of this study was to describe the first report of avulsion of the origins of the lateral and medial gastrocnemius muscle in a cat (Felis catus), as well as the surgical reinsertion technique. A mixed breed queen at 10 years of age presented claudication of the right hind limb with plantigrade stance. Bilateral avulsion of the heads of the gastrocnemius muscle was diagnosed based on findings from clinical a examination. The reinsertion technique was performed with monofilament nylon thread in a modified Kessler suture anchored in a hole created in the distal metaphyseal portion of the femur, obtaining satisfactory recovery after a period of additional external immobilization followed by physical therapy.

Animals , Cats , Immobilization , Rupture , Achilles Tendon/anatomy & histology , Cats/classification
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 64(5): 1156-1160, out. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-655886


Compararam-se os achados musculotendinosos e osteoarticulares encontrados em cães com luxação patelar medial, por meio do exame ortopédico realizado com e sem anestesia geral. Para tal, foram utilizados 11 joelhos de 10 cães, sem distinção de sexo, idade e raça, os quais apresentaram luxação patelar medial dos graus II, III e IV, diagnosticada clinicamente. O exame ortopédico específico da articulação do joelho foi realizado previamente à cirurgia, com o animal sem anestesia, e, no dia da cirurgia, com o cão já anestesiado. Verificou-se, quanto aos achados osteoarticulares, que não houve diferenças. Já em relação aos achados musculotendinosos, houve diferença entre as avaliações do movimento de gaveta e dos músculos sartório e retofemoral.

This study aimed to compare the osteoarticular and musculotendineal findings in dogs with medial patellar luxation by orthopedic examination performed with and without general anesthesia. For this we used 11 knees of 10 dogs without distinction of sex, age and race, which had medial patellar luxation in grades II, III and IV, diagnosed clinically. The specific orthopedic examination of the knee joint was performed prior to surgery with the non-anaesthetised dog, and on the day of surgery with the same patient already anesthetized. Regarding the osteoarticular results, no differences were found. In relation to the musculotendineal results, differences were observed between the assessments of the drawer movement and sartorius and rectum femoral muscle tension.

Animals , Dogs , Musculoskeletal Abnormalities/veterinary , Patellar Dislocation/diagnosis , Patellar Dislocation/veterinary , Orthopedics/veterinary , Medical Examination/analysis , Stifle/surgery
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 62(6): 1526-1529, dez. 2010.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-576060


A severe cutaneous reaction in a female dog after administration of penicillin and cephalexin is described, in which the main signs presented by the patient were fever, lack of appetite, and detachment of epidermis in the dorsal region of body.The established treatment was surgical debridement of the region, topical application of Aloe Vera with sugar, and systemic antibiotic therapy with ciprofloxacin, resulting in the recovery and wound closure in approximately 45 days.

Animals , Female , Dogs , Cephalexin/administration & dosage , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome , beta-Lactams/adverse effects , beta-Lactams/administration & dosage , beta-Lactams/therapeutic use