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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 203-206, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153036

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Teratoma is a rare neoplasia with differentiation in two or three germ cell lines. Intracranial teratoma in birds has rarely been reported, especially affecting the brain. This is the first report of a brain teratoma in a mallard with neurological clinical signs. The neoplasm was characterized as a mature brain teratoma, extending from the cerebellum to the brainstem, and with one nodule in the cortex.


RESUMO O teratoma é uma neoplasia rara, com diferenciação em duas ou três linhagens de células germinativas. Teratomas intracranianos, em aves, são raramente relatados, principalmente, com localização cerebral. Este é o primeiro relato de teratoma cerebral em um pato-real com sinais clínicos neurológicos. A neoplasia foi caracterizada como um teratoma cerebral maduro, estendendo do cerebelo ao tronco encefálico e com um nódulo no córtex.

2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 177-190, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1088927

ABSTRACT

Estudou-se o efeito do hipotireoidismo materno na expressão espaço-temporal de mediadores imunológicos e na população de células natural killers (NK) na decídua e na glândula metrial de ratas durante a gestação. Avaliou-se a detecção imunoistoquímica de interferon γ (IFNγ), do fator inibidor de migração (MIF), da interleucina 15 (IL15), do óxido nítrico sintase induzível (iNOS), a marcação com lectina DBA para evidenciação das células NK uterinas DBA+ e a expressão gênica de Ifnγ e Nos2. O hipotireoidismo aumentou o iNOS aos sete dias, a IL15 e o MIF aos 10 e 12 dias, o IFNγ e o MIF aos 14 DG e a expressão dos transcritos gênicos para iNos aos 12 e 19 dias e para Ifnγ aos 14 DG. O hipotireoidismo reduziu a imunomarcação de MIF e lectina DBA aos sete dias, lectina DBA aos 10 e 14 DG, IFNγ aos 12 dias, e a expressão de Ifnγ aos 10 e 19 DG e de iNOS aos 12, 14 e 19 DG, bem como reduziu seus transcritos gênicos aos 10 e 14 DG. Conclui-se que o hipotireoidismo compromete o perfil imunológico na interface materno-fetal ao longo da gestação, particularmente por reduzir o fator anti-inflamatório iNOS e a população de células uNK DBA+.(AU)


The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal hypothyroidism on the spatiotemporal expression of immunological mediators and population of Natural Killers cells in decidua and metrial gland of rats. Interferon gamma (IFNγ), migration inhibitory factor (MIF), interleukin 15 (IL15), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and DBA-Lectin labeling for evidence of uNK DBA+ cells in decidua and genetic expression of Ifnγ and iNos by real-time RT-PCR were evaluated. Hypothyroidism increased protein expression of iNOS at 7 days, IL15 and MIF at 10 and 12 days, IFNγ and MIF at 14 DG in the decidua and/or metrial gland and the gene transcripts for iNOS at 12 and 19 days and for Inf at 14 DG. In addition, hypothyroidism reduced the protein expression of MIF and DBA-Lectin at 7 days, DBA-Lectin at 10 and 14 DG, IFNγ at 12 days, and the gene transcript to Ifnγ at 10 and 19 DGs. Hypothyroidism also reduced the protein expression of iNOS at 12, 14 and 19 DG and reduced its gene transcripts at 10 and 14 DGs. It is concluded that hypothyroidism compromises the immunology profile at the maternal-fetal interface throughout pregnancy, particularly by reducing the anti-inflammatory factor iNOS and population of uNK DBA+ cells.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Embryo Implantation , Killer Cells, Natural , Hypothyroidism/veterinary , Metrial Gland
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(6): e8424, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001535

ABSTRACT

Although rare, CALM/AF10 is a chromosomal rearrangement found in immature T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), acute myeloid leukemia, and mixed phenotype acute leukemia of T/myeloid lineages with poor prognosis. Moreover, this translocation is detected in 50% of T-ALL patients with gamma/delta T cell receptor rearrangement, frequently associated with low expression of transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (CEBPA). However, the relevance of CEBPA low expression for CALM/AF10 leukemogenesis has not yet been evaluated. We generated double mutant mice, which express the Lck-CALM/AF10 fusion gene and are haploinsufficient for the Cebpa gene. To characterize the hematopoiesis, we quantified hematopoietic stem cells, myeloid progenitor cells, megakaryocyte-erythrocyte progenitor cells, common myeloid progenitor cells, and granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells. No significant difference was detected in any of the progenitor subsets. Finally, we tested if Cebpa haploinsufficiency would lead to the expansion of Mac-1+/B220+/c-Kit+ cells proposed as the CALM/AF10 leukemic progenitor. Less than 1% of bone marrow cells expressed Mac-1, B220, and c-Kit with no significant difference between groups. Our results showed that the reduction of Cebpa gene expression in Lck-CALM/AF10 mice did not affect their hematopoiesis or induce leukemia. Our data corroborated previous studies suggesting that the CALM/AF10 leukemia-initiating cells are early progenitors with lymphoid/myeloid differentiating potential.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha/genetics , Haploinsufficiency/genetics , Hematopoiesis/genetics , Phenotype , Transcription Factors/genetics , Translocation, Genetic/genetics , Mice, Transgenic , Acute Disease , Flow Cytometry , Genotype
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(6): 1573-1580, nov.-dez. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-910772

ABSTRACT

The objective was to evaluate the in vitro effect of prolactin in osteogenic potential of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) in female rats. ADSCs were cultured in osteogenic medium with and without the addition of prolactin and distributed into three groups: 1) ADSCs (control), 2) ADSCs with addition of 100ng/mL of prolactin and 3) ADSCs with addition of 300ng/mL of prolactin. At 21 days of differentiation, the tests of MTT conversion into formazan crystals, percentage of mineralized nodules and cells per field and quantification of genic transcript for alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein, BMP-2 and collagen I by real-time RT-PCR were made. The addition of prolactin reduced the conversion of MTT in group 3 and increased the percentage of cells per field in the groups 2 and 3, however without significantly increasing the percentage of mineralized nodules and the expression of alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein, BMP-2 and collagen I. In conclusion, the addition of prolactin in concentrations of 100ng/mL and 300ng/mL does not change the osteogenic differentiation to the ADSCs of female rats despite increase in the cellularity of the culture.(AU)


O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar o efeito in vitro da prolactina sobre o potencial osteogênico de células-tronco mesenquimais do tecido adiposo (CTM-TA) em ratas. CTM-TA foram cultivadas em meio osteogênico com e sem adição de prolactina e distribuídas em três grupos: 1) CTM-TA (controle), 2) CM-TA com adição de 100ng/mL de prolactina e 3) CTM-TA com adição de 300ng/mL de prolactina. Aos 21 dias de diferenciação, foram realizados os testes de conversão do MTT em cristais de formazan, porcentagem de nódulos mineralizados e células por campo e quantificação dos transcritos gênicos para fosfatase alcalina, osteopontina, osteocalcina, sialoproteína óssea, BMP-2 e colágeno I. A adição de prolactina reduziu a conversão do MTT no grupo 3 e aumentou a porcentagem de células por campo nos grupos 2 e 3, sem alterar significativamente a porcentagem de nódulos mineralizados e a expressão de fosfatase alcalina, osteopontina, osteocalcina, sialoproteína óssea, BMP-2 e colágeno I. Conclui-se que a adição de prolactina nas concentrações de 100ng/mL e 300ng/mL não altera a diferenciação osteogênica das CTM-TA de ratas, apesar do aumento de celularidade da cultura.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Adipose Tissue , Osteogenesis , Prolactin/analysis , Stem Cells , Osteoblasts
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(2): 327-335, mar.-abr. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779771

ABSTRACT

Semen from the first 15mL of the ejaculate (P1) obtained from two boars (30mL) was diluted in glycine-egg yolk extender, cooled at 5°C in a special container and rediluted in standard doses of 3x109 mobile spermatozoa after 12h of storage. Semen was also stored up to 24h after redilution. The physical characteristics of the semen were evaluated at different storage periods (fresh, 0h, 12h, rediluted, 24h, and 36h). The reproductive performance of the boars and their fertility regarding the insemination of primiparous sows were also determined. Two treatments were used: T1-15B sows inseminated with semen originated from hyperconcentrated heterospermic doses (15x109 mobile spermatozoa per dose), rediluted after 12h of storage at 5°C for standard doses of 3x109 mobile spermatozoa per dose and stored at 5°C up to 24h after redilution (n=10); T2-3B sows inseminated with standard heterospermic doses (3x109 mobile spermatozoa per dose), stored at 5°C up to 36h after semen collection (n=10). There was no effect (P>0.05) of treatments on the spermatic motility, even though a pronounced decrease (P>0.05) of their values at 12h of storage was recorded. However, they remained higher than 70% until 36h. There was effect of treatments on spermatic vigour at 0h (P<0.05), when T1-15B vigour was higher. There was also effect of the storage period for both treatments with a progressive decrease throughout 36h of storage, although the differences were not always significant. Pregnancy rates (90%) and the number of total farrowed piglets (15, 11-T1-15B; 13, 44- T2-3B) did not differ (P>0.05) between the treatments. It was concluded that the semen hyperconcentration of 15 billion of mobile spermatozoa per dose, stored at 5°C for 12h, did not result in drawbacks considering the physical characteristics of the semen, maintaining the pregnancy rates and prolificacy of the inseminated sows.


Os primeiros 15mL do ejaculado (P1) de dois varrões foram coletados (30mL) e diluídos em diluidor glicina-gema de ovo, resfriados a 5°C em contêiner especial e rediluídos para doses padrão de 3x109 espermatozoides (sptz) móveis, após 12 horas de armazenamento. Além disso, foram armazenados por até 24 horas após a rediluição, sendo as características físicas avaliadas em diferentes períodos de estocagem (fresco, zero hora, 12h, Red12h, 24h e 36h) e a fertilidade avaliada por meio de fêmeas primíparas inseminadas. Foram realizados dois tratamentos: T1-15B: porcas inseminadas com sêmen de doses heterospérmicas hiperconcentradas (15x109 sptz móveis/dose), rediluídas após 12 horas de armazenamento a 5°C para doses padrão de 3x109 sptz móveis/dose, e armazenadas a 5°C por até 24 horas após a rediluição (n=10); T2-3B: porcas inseminadas com doses heterospérmicas padrão (3x109 sptz móveis/dose), armazenadas a 5°C por até 36 horas após coleta. Não houve efeito (P>0.05) dos tratamentos sobre a motilidade espermática e, embora tenha ocorrido queda (P<0.05) às 12 horas, a motilidade foi superior a 70% durante as 36 horas de armazenamento. Houve efeito (P<0.05) dos tratamentos no tempo zero hora quanto ao vigor espermático, sendo E1T1-15B superior. Além disso, houve efeito do período de estocagem para os dois tratamentos, com queda progressiva do vigor ao longo das 36 horas, embora nem sempre as diferenças tenham sido significativas. As taxas de gestação (90%) e o número total de leitões nascidos (15, 11 - T1-15B; 13, 44 - T2-3B) não diferiram (P>0.05) entre os tratamentos. Concluiu-se que a hiperconcentração do sêmen para 15x109 sptz móveis/dose, armazenado a 5°C por 12 horas não resultou em prejuízos quanto à manutenção das características físicas do sêmen e ao desempenho reprodutivo dos varrões, sendo capaz de manter a taxa de gestação e a prolificidade das fêmeas inseminadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Sperm Banks/methods , Semen Preservation/methods , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Swine , Reproduction , Sperm Capacitation , Sperm Transport
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(12): e5542, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828179

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to estimate the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) properties and safety of LDT5, a lead compound for oral treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia that has previously been characterized as a multi-target antagonist of α1A-, α1D-adrenoceptors and 5-HT1A receptors. The preclinical characterization of this compound comprised the evaluation of its in vitro properties, including plasma, microsomal and hepatocytes stability, cytochrome P450 metabolism and inhibition, plasma protein binding, and permeability using MDCK-MDR1 cells. De-risking and preliminary safety pharmacology assays were performed through screening of 44 off-target receptors and in vivo tests in mice (rota-rod and single dose toxicity). LDT5 is stable in rat and human plasma, human liver microsomes and hepatocytes, but unstable in rat liver microsomes and hepatocytes (half-life of 11 min). LDT5 is highly permeable across the MDCK-MDR1 monolayer (Papp ∼32×10-6 cm/s), indicating good intestinal absorption and putative brain penetration. LDT5 is not extensively protein-bound and is a substrate of human CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 but not of CYP3A4 (half-life >60 min), and did not significantly influence the activities of any of the human cytochrome P450 isoforms screened. LDT5 was considered safe albeit new studies are necessary to rule out putative central adverse effects through D2, 5-HT1A and 5-HT2B receptors, after chronic use. This work highlights the drug-likeness properties of LDT5 and supports its further preclinical development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Rats , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Piperazines/pharmacology , Prostatic Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Drug Stability , Permeability , Piperazines/chemistry , Piperazines/metabolism , Time Factors
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(12): 1095-1100, Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762920

ABSTRACT

In DNA vaccines, the gene of interest is cloned into a bacterial plasmid that is engineered to induce protein production for long periods in eukaryotic cells. Previous research has shown that the intramuscular immunization of BALB/c mice with a naked plasmid DNA fragment encoding the Mycobacterium leprae 65-kDa heat-shock protein (pcDNA3-Hsp65) induces protection against M. tuberculosis challenge. A key stage in the protective immune response after immunization is the generation of memory T cells. Previously, we have shown that B cells capture plasmid DNA-Hsp65 and thereby modulate the formation of CD8+ memory T cells after M. tuberculosis challenge in mice. Therefore, clarifying how B cells act as part of the protective immune response after DNA immunization is important for the development of more-effective vaccines. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which B cells modulate memory T cells after DNA-Hsp65 immunization. C57BL/6 and BKO mice were injected three times, at 15-day intervals, with 100 µg naked pcDNA-Hsp65 per mouse. Thirty days after immunization, the percentages of effector memory T (TEM) cells (CD4+ and CD8+/CD44high/CD62Llow) and memory CD8+ T cells (CD8+/CD44high/CD62Llow/CD127+) were measured with flow cytometry. Interferon γ, interleukin 12 (IL-12), and IL-10 mRNAs were also quantified in whole spleen cells and purified B cells (CD43−) with real-time qPCR. Our data suggest that a B-cell subpopulation expressing IL-10 downregulated proinflammatory cytokine expression in the spleen, increasing the survival of CD4+ TEM cells and CD8+ TEM/CD127+ cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , Heat-Shock Proteins/immunology , Immunomodulation/genetics , /genetics , RNA, Messenger/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression/genetics , Heat-Shock Proteins/therapeutic use , Immunologic Memory/physiology , Immunophenotyping/classification , Inflammation Mediators/analysis , Interferon-gamma/analysis , /immunology , /analysis , Mice, Knockout , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Spleen/cytology , Spleen/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/classification , Vaccines, DNA/immunology , Vaccines, DNA/therapeutic use
8.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 19(3): 272-277, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751877

ABSTRACT

Background: Neonatal infection is a serious public health problem. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of the antenatal care on the risk of early-onset neonatal healthcare associated infection in two Brazilian maternities. Methods: Cohort study - Newborns admitted at two public neonatal intensive care units from 2008 to 2009 were included in the study. Data on antenatal and perinatal variables were collected from maternal prenatal cards and medical charts. Newborns were actively surveyed for early-onset neonatal healthcare associated infection, defined as a neonatal infection diagnosed within 48 h after birth. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess variables independently associated with early-onset neonatal healthcare associated infection. Results: 561 neonate-mother pairs were included in the study. Early-onset neonatal health-care associated infection was diagnosed in 283 neonates (51%), an incidence rate of 43.5/1000 live births. Neonates whose mothers had less then six antenatal visits were under risk significantly higher for early-onset neonatal healthcare associated infection (OR = 1.69, 95% CI = 1.11-2.57), after adjusting for birth weight, membranes ruptured for >18 h, maternal complications during delivery, maternal infection at admission, and hospital where patients received care. Conclusions: The risk of neonatal early-onset neonatal healthcare associated infection was significantly associated with insufficient number of antenatal care visits. Further studies assessing the quality of antenatal care and targeting its improvement are warranted. .


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/diagnosis , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Prenatal Care/standards , Brazil , Cohort Studies , Communicable Diseases , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/prevention & control , Risk Factors
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 66(6): 1655-1661, 12/2014. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-735752

ABSTRACT

Estudou-se o efeito da categoria reprodutiva sobre a fertilidade de éguas inseminadas com sêmen asinino diluído, resfriado e armazenado. Os ciclos foram acompanhados por palpação retal e rufiação, sendo as inseminações realizadas às terças, quintas e sábados, a partir da detecção de um folículo de 3,0 a 3,5cm de diâmetro, em um dos ovários, até a ovulação. O sêmen de cinco jumentos da raça Pêga foi diluído nos diluidores de leite em pó desnatado-glicose ou glicina-gema de ovo, resfriado a 5ºC e armazenado por 12 horas, sendo a dose inseminante de 400 x 106 espermatozoides móveis (no momento da diluição final, pré-resfriamento) depositada no corpo do útero. O diagnóstico de gestação foi realizado por meio de palpação transretal, rufiação e ultrassonografia, realizada a cada 14 dias. Os resultados de 195 ciclos, referentes a 141 éguas, foram agrupados de acordo com a categoria reprodutiva a que pertenciam: potra, égua solteira, égua parida e no "cio do potro". As taxas de concepção, ao primeiro ciclo, foram de 60,00%, 48,28%, 75,00% e 47,17% e, após quatro ciclos, de 61,54%, 47,13%, 54,76% e 47,17%, na mesma ordem para as categorias descritas anteriormente. A categoria reprodutiva não teve efeito (P>0,05) sobre a fertilidade das éguas inseminadas com sêmen asinino resfriado, sendo as potras, éguas solteiras, éguas paridas e no "cio do potro" igualmente eficientes para o uso na reprodução...


The effect of the mare status on fertility of mares inseminated with diluted, cooled and stored jackass semen, was studied. The cycles were controlled by transrectal palpation and teasing, and mares were inseminated every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, from the detection of a follicle with 3.0 to 3.5cm diameter in one of the ovaries until ovulation. The semen of five Pêga jackasses was diluted in skim milk-glucose or in egg yolk-glycine extender and cooled at 5ºC for 12 hours, with the inseminate dose of 400 x 106 motile spermatozoa (at the moment of the final dilution, before cooling). The inseminations were carried out in the uterine body. Pregnancy was detected using transrectal palpation, teasing and ultrasound exams every 14 days. The results of 195 cycles of 141 mares were grouped according to the mare status: maiden, barren, lactation or in foal heat. Pregnancy rates for the first cycle were 60.00%, 48.28%, 75.00% and 47.17%, and after four cycles, the pregnancy rates/cycle were 61.54%, 47.13%, 54.76% and 47.17%, respectively for maiden, barren, lactation and in foal heat mares (P>0,05). The mare status did not affect pregnancy rates of mares inseminated with diluted and cooled jackass semen and were efficient to use on reproduction...


Subject(s)
Animals , Equidae , Fertility Agents , Reproductive Techniques , Fertility , Semen Analysis , Semen Preservation
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(12): 1183-1194, Dec. 2012. ilus, mapas, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-659642

ABSTRACT

In the last several years, the use of dendritic cells has been studied as a therapeutic strategy against tumors. Dendritic cells can be pulsed with peptides or full-length protein, or they can be transfected with DNA or RNA. However, comparative studies suggest that transfecting dendritic cells with messenger RNA (mRNA) is superior to other antigen-loading techniques in generating immunocompetent dendritic cells. In the present study, we evaluated a new therapeutic strategy to fight tuberculosis using dendritic cells and macrophages transfected with Hsp65 mRNA. First, we demonstrated that antigen-presenting cells transfected with Hsp65 mRNA exhibit a higher level of expression of co-stimulatory molecules, suggesting that Hsp65 mRNA has immunostimulatory properties. We also demonstrated that spleen cells obtained from animals immunized with mock and Hsp65 mRNA-transfected dendritic cells were able to generate a mixed Th1/Th2 response with production not only of IFN-γ but also of IL-5 and IL-10. In contrast, cells recovered from mice immunized with Hsp65 mRNA-transfected macrophages were able to produce only IL-5. When mice were infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and treated with antigen-presenting cells transfected with Hsp65 mRNA (therapeutic immunization), we did not detect any decrease in the lung bacterial load or any preservation of the lung parenchyma, indicating the inability of transfected cells to confer curative effects against tuberculosis. In spite of the lack of therapeutic efficacy, this study reports for the first time the use of antigen-presenting cells transfected with mRNA in experimental tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Antigen-Presenting Cells/immunology , Bacterial Proteins/administration & dosage , /administration & dosage , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/immunology , RNA, Messenger/immunology , Tuberculosis Vaccines/administration & dosage , Tuberculosis/immunology , Bacterial Proteins/adverse effects , Bacterial Proteins/immunology , /adverse effects , /immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , RNA, Messenger/adverse effects , Spleen/immunology , Transfection , Tuberculosis Vaccines/adverse effects , Tuberculosis Vaccines/immunology , Tuberculosis/prevention & control
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 64(1): 137-144, Feb. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-617940

ABSTRACT

Foi avaliada a eficiência de uma fitase (FT) bacteriana na liberação de fósforo fítico utilizando-se curvas de calibração para características ósseas e de desempenho em frangos de corte. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente ao acaso, com seis tratamentos e seis repetições até 28 dias de idade. O tratamento-controle foi uma dieta à base de milho e farelo de soja deficiente em fósforo (P). Dois tratamentos corresponderam às dietas basais acrescidas de P suplementar, 0,05 por cento e 0,10 por cento, e os outros à dieta basal com 66, 99 e 131 FTU/kg de ração. A curva padrão é definida pelo efeito da adição de P suplementar consumido sobre características ósseas e de desempenho, e os resultados dos tratamentos com fitase são confrontados com a curva para cálculo de P liberado. A adição de P suplementar influenciou o ganho de peso, o peso vivo e o consumo de ração de forma quadrática, bem como miligramas de cinzas ósseas de forma linear. A curva padrão adotada foi da variável miligramas de cinzas ósseas, pois a resposta linear melhor descreve a curva. As inclusões de 66, 99 e 131 FTU/kg liberaram, respectivamente, 0,048 por cento, 0,049 por cento e 0,062 por cento de P. A fitase bacteriana é eficiente na liberação de fósforo fítico e possui viabilidade econômica.


The objective was to determine the efficiency of a bacterial phytase to release phytate phosphorus using calibration curves for performance and bone characteristics in broiler chickens. A completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 6 replicates was used in an experiment with chickens from 1 to 28 days of age. The control treatment was a diet based on corn and soybean meal deficient in phosphorus. Two treatments consisted of the basal diet supplemented with additional phosphorus (0.05 percent and 0.10 percent), and the other treatments received 66, 99 and 131 FTU/kg of feed. The standard curves represented the effect of the levels of additional P intake on performance and bone variables. Then, the responses of the phytase treatments were compared to the standard curves to calculate the P released. The increasing levels of supplemental P had a quadratic effect on weight gain, live weight and feed intake, and linear effect on mg of bone ash. The standard curve elected was mg of bone ash because linear response better represents the curve. Inclusion of 66, 99 and 131 FTU/kg released 0.048 percent, 0.049 percent and 0.062 percent. The bacterial phytase is efficient in releasing phytate, which may be of economical significance.

12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 63(6): 1287-1294, dez. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-608947

ABSTRACT

Duas porções do ejaculado suíno - primeiros 15mL da fração espermática rica (P1) e o restante do ejaculado (P2) - foram coletadas semanalmente de cinco varrões e submetidas a dois protocolos de resfriamento, diluição no diluidor MR-A® e conservação a 17°C (T1) ou no diluidor glicina-gema de ovo e conservação a 5°C (T2). As doses foram avaliadas no que se refere à motilidade, ao vigor e à morfologia espermáticas no sêmen a fresco e em diferentes tempos de estocagem. Todos os tratamentos mantiveram uma motilidade aceitável, superior a 50 por cento, nas primeiras 24 horas de armazenamento. O grupo P2T2 manteve uma motilidade similar (P>0,05) ao longo de todo o período de resfriamento (72 horas), sendo inclusive superior aos demais neste período, enquanto os outros tratamentos apresentaram uma redução da motilidade no decorrer do tempo de armazenamento. Com relação às características morfológicas do sêmen, não se observaram diferenças (P>0,05) quanto às porcentagens de espermatozoides normais entre as duas frações do ejaculado fresco. Ainda, todos os tratamentos mantiveram-se dentro dos limites aceitáveis, independentemente do tempo de armazenamento. A P1 parece ser mais adequada à produção de doses para o transporte em virtude de seu pequeno volume e alta concentração, enquanto o restante do ejaculado (P2) pode ser utilizado com eficiência dentro da própria granja.


Two portions of boar ejaculate - first 15mL of the sperm rich fraction (P1) and the rest of the ejaculate (P2) - were collected weekly from 5 mature boars and submitted to two cooling methods, extended in MR-A® and cooled at 17°C (T1) or extended in glycine-egg yolk and cooled at 5°C (T2). Spermatozoa motility, vigor, and morphological characteristics were evaluated immediately after collection and in different storage times. All treatments kept an acceptable motility, higher than 50 percent, in the first 24h of storage. The P2T2 maintained a similar motility (P>0.05) throughout the cooling storage (72h) and was superior in that period, while the other treatments presented a decrease in motility related to time. There was no difference between the two portions regarding the total number of normal spermatozoa in the fresh semen (P>0.05). All treatments showed morphological abnormalities within the acceptable thresholds, irrespectively of the storage time. Thus, due to low volume and high concentration, P1 seems to be more adequate for sperm dose transportation. Furthermore, this methodology will allow the development of new proposals concerning the transportation of swine semen, while the rest of the ejaculate could be used in farm routines to produce conventional liquid semen doses.

13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(7): 645-650, July 2010. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-550735

ABSTRACT

Leukotrienes are reported to be potent proinflammatory mediators that play a role in the development of several inflammatory diseases such as asthma, rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease. Leukotrienes have also been associated with protection against infectious diseases. However, the role of leukotrienes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is not understood. To answer this question, we studied the role of leukotrienes in the protective immune response conferred by prime-boost heterologous immunization against tuberculosis. We immunized BALB/c mice (4-11/group) with subcutaneous BCG vaccine (1 x 10(5) M. bovis BCG) (prime) followed by intramuscular DNA-HSP65 vaccine (100 µg) (boost). During the 30 days following the challenge, the animals were treated by gavage daily with MK-886 (5 mg·kg-1·day-1) to inhibit leukotriene synthesis. We showed that MK-886-treated mice were more susceptible to M. tuberculosis infection by counting the number of M. tuberculosis colony-forming units in lungs. The histopathological analysis showed an impaired influx of leukocytes to the lungs of MK-886-treated mice after infection, confirming the involvement of leukotrienes in the protective immune response against experimental tuberculosis. However, prime-boost-immunized mice treated with MK-886 remained protected after challenge with M. tuberculosis, suggesting that leukotrienes are not required for the protective effect elicited by immunization. Protection against M. tuberculosis challenge achieved by prime-boost immunization in the absence of leukotrienes was accompanied by an increase in IL-17 production in the lungs of these animals, as measured by ELISA. Therefore, these data suggest that the production of IL-17 in MK-886-treated, immunized mice could contribute to the generation of a protective immune response after infection with M. tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Bacterial Proteins/immunology , /immunology , Leukocytes/immunology , Leukotrienes/biosynthesis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/prevention & control , Vaccines, DNA/immunology , BCG Vaccine/administration & dosage , BCG Vaccine/immunology , Bacterial Proteins/administration & dosage , Cell Movement , /administration & dosage , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Immunization, Secondary , Indoles/pharmacology , Leukotriene Antagonists/pharmacology , Leukotrienes/agonists , Lung/immunology , Lung/microbiology , Lung/pathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/immunology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/pathology , Vaccines, DNA/administration & dosage
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(5): 500-505, May 2010. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-546327

ABSTRACT

The regulatory function of á1B-adrenoceptors in mammalian heart homeostasis is controversial. The objective of the present study was to characterize the expression/activity of key proteins implicated in cardiac calcium handling (Na+/K+-ATPase and Ca2+-ATPases) and growth (ERK1/2, JNK1/2 and p38) in mice with cardiac-selective overexpression of constitutively active mutant á1B-adrenoceptor (CAMá1B-AR), which present a mild cardiac hypertrophy phenotype. Immunoblot assays showed that myocardial plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA) expression was increased by 30 percent in CAMá1B-AR mice (N = 6, P < 0.05), although there was no change in sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2) expression. Moreover, total Ca2+-ATPase activity was not modified, but a significant increase in the activity of the thapsigargin-resistant (PMCA) to thapsigargin-sensitive (SERCA) ratio was detected. Neither Na+/K+-ATPase activity nor the expression of á1 and á2 subunit isoforms was changed in CAMá1B-AR mouse hearts. Moreover, immunoblot assays did not provide evidence for an enhanced activation of the three mitogen-activated protein kinases studied in this stage of hypertrophy. Therefore, these findings indicate that chronic cardiac á1B-AR activation in vivo led to mild hypertrophy devoid of significant signs of adaptive modifications concerning primary intracellular calcium control and growth-related proteins, suggesting a minor pathophysiological role of this adrenergic receptor in mouse heart at this stage of development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Myocardium/enzymology , Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1/metabolism , Calcium Signaling/physiology , Mice, Transgenic , Up-Regulation
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 40(11): 1495-1504, Nov. 2007. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-464311

ABSTRACT

We previously reported that a DNA vaccine constructed with the heat shock protein (HSP65) gene from Mycobacterium leprae (DNA-HSP65) was protective and also therapeutic in experimental tuberculosis. By the intramuscular route, this vaccine elicited a predominant Th1 response that was consistent with its protective efficacy against tuberculosis. It has been suggested that the immune response to Hsp60/65 may be the link between exposure to microorganisms and increased cardiovascular risk. Additionally, the high cholesterol levels found in atherosclerosis could modulate host immunity. In this context, we evaluated if an atherogenic diet could modulate the immune response induced by the DNA-HSP65 vaccine. C57BL/6 mice (4-6 animals per group) were initially submitted to a protocol of atherosclerosis induction and then immunized by the intramuscular or intradermal route with 4 doses of 100 mug DNA-HSP65. On day 150 (15 days after the last immunization), the animals were sacrificed and antibodies and cytokines were determined. Vaccination by the intramuscular route induced high levels of anti-Hsp65 IgG2a antibodies, but not anti-Hsp65 IgG1 antibodies and a significant production of IL-6, IFN-g and IL-10, but not IL-5, indicating a Th1 profile. Immunization by the intradermal route triggered a mixed pattern (Th1/Th2) characterized by synthesis of anti-Hsp65 IgG2a and IgG1 antibodies and production of high levels of IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, and IFN-g. These results indicate that experimentally induced atherosclerosis did not affect the ability of DNA-HSP65 to induce a predominant Th1 response that is potentially protective against tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Atherosclerosis/immunology , Bacterial Proteins/immunology , Chaperonins/immunology , Th1 Cells/immunology , Tuberculosis Vaccines/immunology , Vaccines, DNA/immunology , Autoantibodies/blood , Autoantibodies/immunology , Bacterial Proteins/administration & dosage , Chaperonins/administration & dosage , Cytokines/blood , Cytokines/immunology , Diet, Atherogenic , Injections, Intradermal , Injections, Intramuscular , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms , Tuberculosis Vaccines/administration & dosage , Tuberculosis/immunology , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Vaccines, DNA/administration & dosage
16.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 96(suppl): 85-88, Sept. 2001. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-295884

ABSTRACT

Calcium signalling is fundamental for muscular contractility of Schistosoma mansoni. We have previously described the presence of transport ATPases (Na+,K+-ATPase and (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase) and calcium channels (ryanodine receptors - RyR) involved in control of calcium homeostasis in this worm. Here we briefly review the main technics (ATPase activity, binding with specific radioligands, fluxes of 45Ca2+ and whole worm contractions) and results obtained in order to compare the distribution patterns of these proteins: thapsigargin-sensitive (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase activity and RyR co-purified in P1 and P4 fractions mainly, which is compatible with a sarcoplasmic reticulum localization, while basal ATPase (along with Na+,K+-ATPase) and thapsigargin-resistant (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase have a distinct distribution, indicative of their plasma membrane localization. Finally we attempt to integrate these contributions with data from other groups in order to propose the first synoptic model for control of calcium homeostasis in S. mansoni


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium/physiology , Homeostasis/physiology , Schistosoma mansoni/metabolism , Ca(2+) Mg(2+)-ATPase/metabolism , Calcium Signaling , Calcium/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth/metabolism , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/metabolism , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/metabolism
17.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-296332

ABSTRACT

Tradicional systems for developing drugs and vaccines are failing spectaculary to deliver the goods in the fight against tuberculosis (TB). The disease that afflicts the developing world defies the imagination in its scale. One third of the world's population - 2 billion people - is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and 16 million have active TB. Shockingly, TB hit an all-time high in 1999 with 8 million new cases - 95 per cent of them in developing countries - and 2 million deaths. The disease is spreading rapidly throughout the world. The toll is set to rise; AIDS activates the dormant form of the disease, while multidrug resistance is spreading across the planet. The last new drug for TB was introduced over thirty years ago and industry has been reluctant to invest in discovering new families of drugs because of the financial risks in investing in products destined largely for developing country markets. If global health is left to market forces, historians will remember this era as one in which humanity stood idly by while half the planet languished in sickness. Fortunately some researchers have realized this, and are driving forward new models for TB therapy and vaccine discovery. One of the latest sign of this trend is the development of a DNA vaccine for the prevention and treatment of TB by our research group. Over the last few years, some of our experiments in wich mycobacterial antigens were presented to the immune system, as of they were viral antigens (DNA vaccine), have had a significant impact on our understanding of protective immunity against tuberculosis. They also markedly enhanced the prospects for new vaccines. We now know that individual mycobacterial-protein antigens expressed from DNA-vaccine constructs can confer protection equal to that from live BCG vaccine in mice. A critical determinant of the outcome of immunization appears to be the degree to which antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells are generated by the immune response. We have demonstrated that DNA vaccination is an affective way of establishing long lasting cytotoxic T-cell memory and protection against tuberculosis. Moreover, our new preclinical work shows that DNA vaccines, initially designed to prevent infection, can also have a dramatic therapeutic action. In infected mice, the immune response can be caused to switch from one that is relatively inefficient and gives bacterial stasis to one that kills the bacteria, eliminating...


Subject(s)
Animals , Lactic Acid/therapeutic use , Polyglycolic Acid/therapeutic use , Th1 Cells/physiology , /physiology , Cytokines/physiology , Microspheres , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/drug effects , Polymers/therapeutic use , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Tuberculosis/therapy , Vaccines, DNA/administration & dosage , Vaccines, DNA/immunology , Vaccines, DNA/therapeutic use
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 32(2): 231-4, feb. 1999.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-228265

ABSTRACT

Over the last few years, some of our experiments in which mycobacterial antigens were presented to the immune system as if they were viral antigens have had a significant impact on our understanding of protective immunity against tuberculosis. They have also markedly enhanced the prospects for new vaccines. We now know that individual mycobacterial protein antigens can confer protection equal to that from live BCG vaccine in mice. A critical determinant of the outcome of immunization appears to be the degree to which antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells are generated by the immune response. Our most recent studies indicate that DNA vaccination is an effective way to establish long-lasting cytotoxic T cell memory and protection against tuberculosis


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antigens, Bacterial , Mycobacterium/immunology , Tuberculosis/immunology , Vaccines, DNA , Cytokines , Plasmids , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Tuberculosis/prevention & control
19.
Acta physiol. pharmacol. ther. latinoam ; 49(4): 279-89, 1999. graf, ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-260731

ABSTRACT

The effect of electrolytic lesion of the median raphe nucleus was measured on behavioral and physiological parameters related to stress 24 h after the lesion. In of the elevated plus-maze the lesion decreased the percentage of open arm entries and tended to shorten the time spent on the open arms indicating as increase in anxiety. In contrast, the lesion markedly increased the time spent in the bright (aversive) compartment of the light-dark box and decrease in attempts to cross from the dark toward the bright compartment, an anxiolyic effect. With the exception of plasma prolactin level, which was lowered by the lesion, the physiological measures used in the present study indicate that the lesioned animals are under stress. Thus, death rate and weight loss after the surgery were higher in lesioned than in control animals. In addition, lesioned animals showed higher plasma corticoster- one levels, a high incidence of gastric ulcers in the fundus and a depressed immune response to the mitogen concavaline A. These results highlight the importance of the median raphe nucleus in the regulation of stress and anxiety. They also show that behavioral and physiological measures of stress may be dissociated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anxiety , Behavior, Animal , Raphe Nuclei/pathology , Stress, Physiological/metabolism , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/blood , Concanavalin A/pharmacology , Darkness , Electrodes , Gastric Fundus/pathology , Lighting , Lymphopenia , Mortality , Prolactin/blood , Rats, Wistar , Stomach Ulcer , Weight Loss
20.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 93(supl.1): 153-5, Oct. 1998. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-218656

ABSTRACT

In chronic severe infection with Schistosoma mansoni, portal hypertension and related vascular alterations usually develop as a consequence of granolomatous response to eggs. In order to investigate a putative direct effect of worms on the reactivity of their host portal vein, mice infected only with male worms were used in the present study. An higher reactivity to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) characterized by an increase in the maximal contraction and sensitivity was observed in portal vein from infected mice compared to healthy mice. Blockade of NO-synthase with l-NAME induced a small increase in 5-HT potency in portal vein from non-infected mice without changing the amplitude of the contractions, whereas it did not alter the reactivity of veins from infected mice. The present results show that unisexual infection of mice with male S. mansoni increased the reactivity of the portal vein to 5-HT which seems to be partially related to an alteration in the nitric oxide release by endothelium.


Subject(s)
Animals , Endothelium/parasitology , Mice/parasitology , Portal Vein , Schistosoma mansoni , Serotonin , Schistosomiasis mansoni
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