Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Add filters

Year range
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 38(2): 235-243, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431516


ABSTRACT Introduction: Participants in cardiac rehabilitation programs have low adherence to their sessions, which makes extremely important to recognize the barriers that cause non-adherence, identifying whether the type of service and level of adherence influence these barriers. Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational study, in which 220 individuals (66.80±11.59 years) of both genders who are members of public and private exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programs participated. The volunteers were divided according to the level of adherence, considering patients with low adherence (PLA) those with < 70% of attendance and high adherence (PHA) those with > 70%. Then, initial evaluation, Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale, analysis of socioeconomic level, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Mini-Mental State Examination were applied. Results: Higher total barriers were found in PLA in the public service compared to PHA in the private service (P=0.023). In the subscale "perceived need", PHA in the public service showed higher values than PLA and PHA in the private service (P≤0.001). The "access" barrier was higher for PHA in the public service when compared to PHA in the private service (P=0.024). PHA in the public service exhibited a higher barrier regarding questions about distance, transportation problems, cost, and time constraints. Conclusion: The public program presents higher barriers in the questions and categories compared to the private program, mainly the PHA. Furthermore, there are differences in the profile of the participants regarding socioeconomic and anxiety levels, treatment time, ethnicity, and city where they live.

Sâo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 108-114, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357455


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) barriers are well-understood in high-resource settings. However, they are under-studied in low-resource settings, where access is even poorer and the context is significantly different, including two-tiered healthcare systems and greater socioeconomic challenges. OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in characteristics of patients attending publicly versus privately funded CR and their barriers to adherence. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational, cross-sectional study in public and private CR programs offered in Brazil. METHODS: Patients who had been attending CR for ≥ 3 months were recruited from one publicly and one privately funded CR program. They completed assessments regarding sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and the CR Barriers Scale. RESULTS: From the public program, 74 patients were recruited, and from the private, 100. Participants in the public program had significantly lower educational attainment (P < 0.001) and lower socioeconomic status (P < 0.001). Participants in the private program had more cognitive impairment (P = 0.015), and in the public program more anxiety (P = 0.001) and depressive symptoms (P = 0.008) than their counterparts. Total barriers among public CR participants were significantly higher than those among private CR participants (1.34 ± 0.26 versus 1.23 ± 0.15/5]; P = 0.003), as were scores on 3 out of 5 subscales, namely: comorbidities/functional status (P = 0.027), perceived need (P < 0.001) and access (P = 0.012). CONCLUSION: Publicly funded programs need to be tailored to meet their patients' requirements, through consideration of educational and psychosocial matters, and be amenable to mitigation of patient barriers relating to presence of comorbidities and poorer health status.

Humans , Cardiac Rehabilitation , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care
Rev. CEFAC ; 17(1): 111-116, Jan-Feb/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-741946


OBJETIVO: avaliar se há relação entre bruxismo e presença de ruídos articulares em crianças. MÉTODOS: participaram do estudo 48 crianças entre 6 e 9 anos atendidas na Clínica Infantil da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Nove de Julho. Foram selecionadas 21 crianças com bruxismo e 27 crianças no grupo controle. Um único examinador previamente treinado e "cego" em relação aos grupos realizou exame de palpação manual e auscultação bilateral das Articulações Temporomandibulares com a utilização de estetoscópio, extra-auricular lateral e dorsal para a análise dos ruídos articulares, diferenciando-os em crepitação e estalidos. Foi realizado o número mínimo de 3 repetições nas mensurações dos ruídos para cada criança. Foram realizadas as análises descritivas de todas as variáveis e o teste qui-quadrado foi utilizado para avaliar a associação entre as variáveis, adotando-se um nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: em relação à presença de ruído 37,5% (n=18) apresentaram algum tipo de ruído articular, sendo que 72,2% (n=13) apresentaram estalido e 27,8% (n=5) apresentaram crepitação. Das 18 crianças que apresentaram algum tipo de ruído, 66,7% (n=12) também eram bruxistas. Foi observada associação estatisticamente significante entre a presença de ruído e bruxismo. Ao analisar a associação entre ruído e as variáveis gênero e idade, o grupo estudado não houve associação entre ruído e gênero, porém em relação à idade, houve uma maior porcentagem de crianças sem a presença de ruído articular aos 6 anos de idade, sendo estatisticamente significante. CONCLUSÃO: os dados do presente estudo mostraram associação entre bruxismo e ruídos articulares em crianças. .

PURPOSE: the aim of the present study was to determine whether bruxism is associated with joint sounds in children. METHODS: children aged six to nine years were recruited from the pediatric clinic of the School of Dentistry of University Nove de Julho (Brazil). Twenty-one children with bruxism and 27 children without this condition (control group) were selected. The evaluation was performed by a previously trained examiner who was blinded to the allocation of the groups and involved manual palpation as well as lateral and dorsal extra-auricular auscultation of the temporomandibular joints with the aid of a stethoscope for the determination of joint sounds, differentiating a click/pop from crepitus. At least three readings were performed on each child. Descriptive statistics were conducted and the chi-square test was used to test associations among the variables, with the level of significance set to 5% (p < 0.05). RESULTS: a total of 37.5% (n = 18) of the sample exhibited some type of joint sound. Among these children, 72.2% (n = 13) exhibited a click/pop and 27.8% (n = 5) exhibited crepitus. Among the 18 children with joint sounds, 66.7% (n = 12) also had bruxism. A statistically significant association was found between joint sounds and bruxism. No association was found between joints sounds and sex. However, a significant association was found with regard to age, as a greater percentage of children at six years of age had no joint sounds. CONCLUSION: the present findings demonstrate an association between bruxism and joint sounds in children. .