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1.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 218-225, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918228

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to explore the feasibility of functional evaluation of the lateral pterygoid muscle (LPM) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs). @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 119 patients with TMD (23 male and 96 female; mean age ± standard deviation, 41 ± 15 years; 58 bilateral and 61 unilateral involvements for a total of 177 joints) and 20 healthy volunteers (9 male and 11 female;40 ± 13 years; 40 joints) were included in this prospective study. Based on DTI of the jaw in the resting state, the diffusion parameters, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), fractional anisotropy (FA), λ1, λ2, and λ3 of the superior and inferior heads of the LPM (SHLPM and IHLPM) were measured. Patients with TMD with normal disc position (ND), anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADWR), and anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADWOR) were compared. @*Results@#Patients with TMD overall, and ADWR and ADWOR subgroups had significantly higher ADC, λ1, λ2, and λ3 in both the SHLPM and IHLPM than those in volunteers (p < 0.05 for all), whereas the ND subgroup only had significantly higher ADC and λ1 (p < 0.001). Meanwhile, significant differences in FA in the SHLPM and IHLPM were found between volunteers and ADWOR (p = 0.014 and p = 0.037, respectively). Among the three TMD subgroups, except for λ3 and FA in the ADWR subgroup, ADWR and ADWOR subgroups had significantly higher ADC, λ1, λ2, and λ3 and lower FA than those in the ND group (p < 0.050). There was no significant difference in diffusion variables between ADWR and ADWOR. In ADWOR, the osteoarthritis group had significantly higher λ3 and lower FA values in the IHLPM than those in the non-osteoarthritis group. @*Conclusion@#DTI successfully detected functional changes in the LPM in patients with TMD. The unsynchronized diffusivity changes in the LPM in different subgroups of TMD signified the possibility of using diffusion parameters as indicators to identify the severity of LPM hyperfunction at various stages of TMD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 22-26, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an approach for the automatic diagnosis of bone metastasis and to design a parameter of quantitative evaluation for tumor burden on bone scans based on deep learning technology.Methods:A total of 621 cases (389 males, 232 females, age: 12-93 years) of bone scan images from the Department of Nuclear Medicine in Tenth People′s Hospital of Tongji University from March 2018 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Images were divided into bone metastasis group and non-bone metastasis group. Eighty percent of the cases were randomly extracted from both groups as the training set, and the rest of cases were used as the test set. A deep residual convolutional neural network ResNet34 was used to construct the classification model and the segmentation model. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated and the performance differences of the classification model in different age groups (15 cases of <50 years, 75 cases of ≥50 and <70 years, 33 cases of ≥70 years) were analyzed. The regions of metastatic bone lesions were automatically segmented by the segmentation model. The Dice coefficient was used to evaluate the effect of the segmentation model and the manual labeled results. Finally, the bone scans tumor burden index (BSTBI) was calculated to assess the tumor burden of bone metastases.Results:There were 280 cases with bone metastases and 341 cases with non-bone metastases, including 498 in training set and 123 in test set. The classification model could accurately identify bone metastases, with the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 92.59%(50/54), 85.51%(59/69) and 88.62%(109/123), respectively, and it performed best in the <50 years group (sensitivity, 2/2; specificity, 12/13; accuracy, 14/15). The specificity in the ≥70 years group (8/12) was the lowest. The Dice coefficient of bone metastatic area and bladder area were 0.739 and 0.925 in the segmentation model, which performed similarly in the three age groups. Preliminary results showed that the value of BSTBI increased with the increase of the number of bone metastatic lesions and the degree of 99Tc m-MDP uptake. The machine learning model in this study took (0.48±0.07) s for the entire analysis process from input to the final BSTBI calculation. Conclusions:The deep learning based on automatic diagnosis framework for bone metastases can automatically and accurately identify segment bone metastases and calculate tumor burden. It provides a new way for the interpretation of bone scans. The proposed BSTBI may be used as a quantitative evaluation indicator in the future to assess the tumor burden of bone metastases based on bone scans.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4403-4419, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970323

ABSTRACT

1, 5-diaminopentane, also known as cadaverine, is an important raw material for the production of biopolyamide. It can be polymerized with dicarboxylic acid to produce biopolyamide PA5X whose performances are comparable to that of the petroleum-based polyamide materials. Notably, biopolyamide uses renewable resources such as starch, cellulose and vegetable oil as substrate. The production process does not cause pollution to the environment, which is in line with the green and sustainable development strategy. The biosynthesis of 1, 5-diaminopentane mainly includes two methods: the de novo microbial synthesis and the whole cell catalysis. Lysine decarboxylase as the key enzyme for 1, 5-diaminopentane production, mainly includes an inducible lysine decarboxylase CadA and a constituent lysine decarboxylase LdcC. Lysine decarboxylase is a folded type Ⅰ pyridoxal-5' phosphate (PLP) dependent enzyme, which displays low activity and unstable structure, and is susceptible to deactivation by environmental factors in practical applications. Therefore, improving the catalytic activity and stability of lysine decarboxylase has become a research focus in this field, and molecular engineering and immobilization are the mainly approaches. Here, the mechanism, molecular engineering and immobilization strategies of lysine decarboxylase were reviewed, and the further strategies for improving its activity and stability were also prospected, with the aim to achieve efficient production of 1, 5-diaminopentane.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/metabolism , Carboxy-Lyases/metabolism , Catalysis , Cadaverine/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 129-132, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745430

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a model of malignant risk prediction of solitary pulmonary nodules(SPN) with the metabolic characteristics of the lesion.Methods A total of 362 patients (291 malignant cases and 71 benign cases;194 males,168 females;median age:61 years) who underwent PET/CT imaging from January 2013 to July 2017 were analyzed.The diagnosis of malignant SPN was based on pathological results,and that of benign SPN was based on pathological or follow-up results.Differences of clinical/imaging characteristics in patients with benign and those with malignant SPN were analyzed.Risk factors were screened by multivariate non-conditional logistic regression analysis.The self-verification of the model was done by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis,out-of-group verification was performed by k-fold cross-validation.Results There were statistically significant differences in age,maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax),size,lobulation,spiculation,pleural traction,vessel connection,calcification,vacuole,and emphysema between patients with benign and malignant nodules (all P<0.05).The risk factors for malignant nodules included age,SUVmax,size,lobulation,calcification and vacuole.The odds ratio (OR) values (95% CI) were 1.040(1.007-1.075),1.612(1.287-2.017),1.149(1.074-1.230),4.650(2.138-10.115),0.216(0.085-0.548),and 3.043(1.302-7.111),respectively.The logistic regression model was as follows:P=1/(1+e-x),x=-5.583+0.039×age+0.477×SUVmaxx+0.139×size+1.537×lobulation-1.532×calcification+ 1.1 13×vacuole.The estimated area under the curve (AUC) for the model was 0.915(95% CI:0.883-0.947),sensitivity was 89.7%,specificity was 78.9%.K-fold cross-validation showed that the training accuracy was 0.899±0.011,the predictive accuracy was 0.873±0.053.Conclusions The risk factors for malignant nodules included age,SUVmax,size,lobulation,calcification and vacuole.After verification,the model has a satisfactory accuracy.It may help clinics make accurate decisions.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 498-504, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741414

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the secretory function of parotid glands by dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) sialography and determine the clinical performance of this technique in diagnosing and evaluating Sjögren's syndrome (SS) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 29 healthy volunteers (25 women and 4 men; mean age, 34.8 ± 6.3 years; age range, 26–47 years) and 25 primary SS (pSS) patients (23 women and 2 men; mean age, 37.7 ± 7.9 years; age range, 25–50 years) with decreased secretory function. The volume of the parotid gland ducts was precisely measured for both groups at single pre- and 6 post-gustatory-stimulated phases. Time-dependent volume change ratio curves were generated, four parameters were derived from the curves: the slope of the increase in the first post-stimulation phase (slope(1st)), the peak value, the time-to-peak, the total saliva secretion post-stimulation. All values were used to quantitatively evaluate the secretory function of the parotid gland. The repeated measurement analysis, Mann-Whitney U test and receiver operating characteristic curve were applied. RESULTS: Time-dependent volume change ratio curves demonstrated that there is a statistically significant difference between the two groups (F = 8.750; p = 0.005). A quickly increasing curve was shown in the volunteer group, whereas a slowly increasing curve was shown in the pSS patient group. The slope(1st), peak value and total saliva secretion post-stimulation of the patient group were significantly lower than those of the volunteer group (p = 0.005, p = 0.003, and p = 0.002, respectively). The time-to-peak between the two groups was not significantly different (p = 0.383). The slope(1st) can be used as a discriminator to diagnose SS patients (p = 0.015; odds ratio = 4.234; area under the curve = 0.726). CONCLUSION: Dynamic MR sialography is proven to be an effective method in evaluating salivary gland function and has a great potential in diagnosing and evaluating pSS patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Autoimmune Diseases , Healthy Volunteers , Methods , Odds Ratio , Parotid Gland , ROC Curve , Saliva , Salivary Glands , Salivation , Sialadenitis , Sialography , Volunteers
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1560-1562, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800271

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the duration of intestinal detoxification and its related factors infected with Norovirus, and to provide scientific evidences for the prevention and control of acute gastroenteritis caused by Norovirus in the future.@*Methods@#Follow up and sampling program on 115 employees in a restaurant outbreak of Norovirus in Chengdu in 2017 was carried out. Anal swab was collected every 3 d or 7 d for nucleic acid detection, and the experimental results were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#The positive rates of Norovirus in restaurant employee were 14.78%, 7.89%, 3.51% and 0.88% on the 7th, 11th, 17th and 24th day, respectively. During the follow-up period, the positive rates of Norovirus decreased as time increased. The positive rate of all employees was up to 14.78% on the 7th day. The positive rates had no significant difference between different sex and between different types of work. The duration of detoxification averaged 14.94 days and the maximum of detoxification time was on 28 days. The detoxification period of treatment case was shorter than that of asymptomatic carriers.@*Conclusions@#There were asymptomatic carriers in restaurant employees during the outbreak of Norovirus that their role as a source of infection in the transmission of Norovirus should not be neglected. In the treatment of the epidemic, we should strengthen the sampling and testing of practitioners, and strictly implement isolation measures for positive detection.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 422-426, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613552

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the 18F-FDG PET metabolic characteristics and VHRCT morphological characteristics between invasive and non-invasive adenocarcinoma presenting as pure ground-glass nodules(pGGN).Methods Fifty-one patients with pGGN from October 2010 to June 2016 were retrospectively enrolled in this study.There were totally 52 lesions with sizes of no more than 30 mm and were grouped depending on pathological and follow-up diagnosis (31 lesions in the invasive adenocarcinoma group and 21 lesions in the non-invasive group).Clinical and imaging features were analyzed including age,gender,lesion location,size,density,SUVmax T/N,spiculation,lobulation,pleural indentation,vascular connection signs,vacuole sign and the air bronchogram.T test or x2-test was used in the comparison of different manifestations between the two groups.Logistic regression analysis on clinical parameters was applied.The ROC curve was used to find the cutoff of T/N.Results In the invasive adenocarcinoma group,T/N,SUV density and size were 1.97±0.71,1.16±0.54,-(431±104)HU,(18.48±5.65)mm,respectively.In the non-invasive group,T/N,SUVmax density,size were 1.20±0.28,0.64±0.20,-(533± 109)HU,(12.05±5.04)mm,respectively.The differences of T/N,SUVmax density and size had statistical significance between the two groups (t=-5.40,-4.87,-3.39,-4.21,P<0.05).Lobulation and vascular connection signs in the invasive adenocarcinoma group were found in 21 and 13 cases respectively,while in the non-invasive group,they were present in 2 and 1 case,respectively,which showed significant differences between the two groups(x2=17.85,7.01,P<0.05).T/N,lobulation,and vascular connection signs were the independent factors for the differentiation of benign and malignant lesions.The ORs were 52.547,8.375,72.206,respectively.When T/N=l.62,the area under the ROC curve was 0.885.The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy were 77.42%,90.48%,82.69%,respectively.Conclusions Pulmonary pGGNwith T/N no less than 1.62,lobulation and vascular connection sign indicates an invasive adenocarcinoma.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 453-459, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620705

ABSTRACT

Globally, individuals with chronic diseases now consume over 80% of all healthcare resources. Set against this depressing projection is decades of epidemiologic work demonstrating that 80%-90% of cardiovascular disease can be prevented via lifestyle and dietary interventions. How can we reconcile such contrasting views toward the future of cardiovascular health in human populations? Herein, we review available sources of evidence that can be used to answer these challenging questions of how and why. In particular, we submit that analytical framework incorporating the 6P (prediction, precision, personalization, prevention, population, and policy)-3G (good food, good environment, and good behavior)-4I (interpretation, integration, implementation, and innovation) will allow us to focus resource towards the development of multi-level approaches for the betterment of population

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2182-2185, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492849

ABSTRACT

Objective Screening the immune polypeptide sequence of toxoplasma (Tg) CDPK5 gene ,which were synthesized and then immunized the New Zealand white rabbit to prepare antiserum ,and identification its function .Methods Bioinformatics a‐nalysis was used to determine the immune peptide of Tg CDPK5 sequence ,which were artificially synthesized to immune white rab‐bit to prepare antiserum .The titers of antibodies were determined by ELISA and the polyclonal antibodies were verified with CD‐KP5 antigen by Western blot .The sub‐cellular localization of Tg CDPK 5 were obtained by immunofluorescence assay .Results 17 bp peptide sequence from the Tg CDPK5 N‐terminal were chosen as immune polypeptide by bioinformatics analysis .Synthetic pep‐tide were used to immune rabbit to obtain polyclonal antiserum .The result showed that the titer of the obtained ployantibody were 1∶640 000 ;Western blot demonstrated that the antiserum could specifically recognize Tg CDPK 5(75 .4 × 103 );Immunofluores‐cence assay revealed this antibody could specifically recognize the endogenous Tg CDPK 5 of Toxoplasma gondii .Conclusion Ac‐cording to the analysis of Tg CDPK5 sequence information ,this study successful obtained Tg CDPK5 polyclonal antibody .

10.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 142-145, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489258

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the characteristics of lymph nodes on 18F-FDG imaging in patients with NHL and widespread lymph node metastases carcinoma (WLNMC) for helping the differential diagnosis.Methods A total of 40 NHL patients(22 males,18 females,average age 51 years) and 42 WLNMC patients (19 males,23 females,average age 61 years) confirmed by histopathology from November 2010 to May 2015 were included in this retrospective study.The regions and the metabolism features of the lesions on PET/CT images were observed and recorded with routine visual method.Two-sample t test and x2 test were used for statistical analysis.Results Lymph nodes of NHL were kidney-shaped (47.2%,142/301),which was significantly different from that of WLNMC with circular form (47.6%,140/294;x2 =36.261,P<0.05).Lymph nodes of NHL mostly showed homogeneous density with no necrosis (51.8%,156/301);however,that of WLNMC showed uneven density (20.4%,60/294) or with necrosis (32.3%,95/294;x2 =26.266,P<0.05).Both of the two kinds of lymph nodes showed the characteristic of fusion (30.6% (92/301) vs 36.1% (106/294);x2 =2.019,P>0.05).The ratios of lymph nodes with clear boundary in NHL and WLNMC were significantly different:28.2%(85/301) vs 19.4%(57/294);x2 =6.413,P<0.05.Lymph nodes with symmetric distribution were more in NHL patients (52.5%,158/301)than that in WLNMC patients (42.2%,124/294;X2=6.347,P<0.05).Sizes of lymph nodes in NHL patients and WLNMC patients were not significantly different:(2.08±0.65) cm vs (1.97±0.81) cm;t=0.316,P>0.05.SUVmax of lymph nodes in NHL patients (9.02±3.97) was much higher than that in WLNMC patients (6.92± 1.34;t=0.370,P<0.05).Conclusions Some characteristics of lymph nodes on 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging,such as the distribution,morphology,density and glucose metabolism features,are different in patients with NHL and WLNMC.Those differences may be helpful for the differential diagnosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 180-182, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408966

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Allergic airway inflammation (AAI) is the pathological basis of pathogenesis of asthma. Manghua decoction, from Zhang Zhongjing's "On cold damage", is the basic recipe for treating asthma, its addminus recipe is widely used in clinic now.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of mahuang decoction on allergic airway inflammation in asthmatic mouse.DESIGN: Randomized controlled observation SETTING: Staff Room of Internal Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Guangdong University of Pharmacy.MATERIALS: The experiment was performed in the Animal Laboratory of Guangdong College of Pharmacy and Laboratory of Pathology, Guangdong University of Pharmacy from March 2003 to February 2004. Totally 36 mice were recruited.METHODS: Mice were randomly divided into normal control group, asthma group and treatment group, with 12 in each one. The mice in the control group were given intraperitoneal injection of 0.2 mL of normal saline on day 1,7,14 and 21 separately. From 28th day, the mice were given intragastric administration of normal saline of 0.5 mL for 60 minutes followed by water spray(only normal saline ) for 30 minutes , for consecutive 7 days.The mice in the asthma group were given intraperitoneal injection of normal saline of 0.2 mL containing egg albumin (10 μg) and aluminium hydroxide (20 mg) on day 1, 7, 14 and 21 separately. From 28th day, the mice were given intragastric administration of normal saline of 0.5 mL for 60 minutes followed by water spray (normal saline containing egg albumin of 50 g/L) for 30 minutes, for consecutive 7 days. Sensitization and stimulati on of the mice in the treatment group were the same as that in the asthma group. Intragastric administration of mahuang decoction of 0.5 mL was performed 60 minutes before spray. The procedure was conducted for consecutive 7 days. The pathologic change and the lung tissues expression of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) of the mice in each group were analyzed with hamatoxylin-eosin staining and immunohistochemical staining.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparison of airway infiltration cells and lung tissue IFN-γand IL-4 of the mice in each group RESULTS: Totally 36 mice entered the stage of result analysis with no loss in the midway. ① Inflammation of the mice relieved obviously in the treatment group than in the asthma group, and the number of the inflammatory cells in or around bronchi of the mice was significantly less in the treatment group than in the asthma group . ② The number of IL-4 and IFN-γ was significantly increased in the asthma group than in the normal control group, among which , the number of IL-4 was more significant, and the ratio of IFN-γ / IL-4 was decreased. However, the number of IL-4 on the treatment group was significantly decreased, and that of IFN-γ was remarkably increased , and the ratio of IFN-γ / IL-4 was significantly increased as compared with that in the asthma group.CONCLUSION: Asthmatic mice might exist the disequilibrium of Th1/Th2 subgroup. Mahuang decoction can improve the inflammation of bronchus,regulate the ratio of Th1/Th2, which might be one of the mechanism for treatment of asthma.

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