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1.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-189093

ABSTRACT

Lower Urinary tract symptom (LUTS) is a common presentation among elderly male patients in urology clinical practice. International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) have contributed much to the objective and quantitative evaluations of LUTS in terms of the elucidation of its pathogenesis and changes accompanied with treatments. Aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between IPSS and prostate volume in patients with LUTS. Methods: This prospective study included 58 male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The IPSS was evaluated using questionnaire and the prostate volume of each patient was then estimated by transabdominal ultrasound. Results: There is a significant relationship between IPSS and prostate volume measured through trans-abdominal ultrasonography. The Total IPSS increases with the prostate volume, as a significant positive relationship between IPSS total score and prostate volume was recorded. Conclusion: There is a significant positive relationship between IPSS total score and prostate volume

2.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-189091

ABSTRACT

Closure of the abdominal wall is a routine procedure and one of the first things a surgeon is taught in his career. Secure wound closure is an essential requirement for an uncomplicated and expedient recovery after an abdominal operation. Methods: We assessed, wound infection rates in 320 patents in the four randomized groups according to the suture and technique of closure used. Patients were followed for a period of 2 weeks and using well set definition were placed in infected, uninfected and burst abdomen. Results: Older age, male sex, diabetes, anemia malnutrition and sepsis were found to be highly significant risk factor for wound infection. Suture material (Prolene vs Vicryl) and technique (continuous vs interrupted) arms did not showed statistically significant differences outcomes in regard to wound infection rates, however there appears to be less incidences of wound sinus formation with delayed absorbable sutures(Vicryl). Conclusion: Closure of a mid-line laparotomy wound can be done by using either Prolene or Vicryl suture material, with either continuous or an interrupted fashion. Continuous technique is time saving and delayed absorbable suture (Vicryl) results in less wound sinus formation.

3.
Indian J Public Health ; 2008 Apr-Jun; 52(2): 65-71
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-109533

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A community-based epidemiological study on birth weight of newborns was undertaken in the rural domain of a backward district of West Bengal. OBJECTIVES: To find out the magnitude of low birth weight (< 2.5 kg.) newborns and to highlight association, if any, of the socio-demographic, maternal and obstetric factors with birth weight of newborns. METHODS: The study was undertaken in 30 sub-centre areas (cluster), selected by '30 clusters sampling technique', in the rural area of Puruliya district. An adequate sample of 512 newborns (466 plus 10% extra allowance) delivered in those selected clusters (17 consecutive deliveries in each cluster) were to be studied. But, due to inability to record birth weight within 48 hours (in home deliveries) and other reasons, 487 newborns were included in assessing magnitude of the LBW problem. In-depth information on several variables was obtained from 439 mothers of the newborns. Health Workers (F), Anganwadi Workers, Trained dais and Health Supervisors -(F), specially trained for the survey, collected information by using pre-designed and pre-tested proforma. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: The incidence of LBW was 31.3%. Among different variables studied, statistically significant association was found in case of educational level of mothers and also place of delivery of newborns. More such community-based studies should be conducted


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Growth Retardation/epidemiology , Humans , India/epidemiology , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Rural Health
4.
Indian J Public Health ; 2005 Oct-Dec; 49(4): 243-4
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-110235

ABSTRACT

A cross sectional study was undertaken in three riverine and two non-riverine blocks of South 24 Parganas district, West Bengal to study the delivery practices and compare between two locality. During the reference period of one year, of 3073 total deliveries, 89.36% were home deliveries. Home deliveries were higher in the riverine blocks (95.07%) compared to non-riverine blocks (81.64%). 'Dai' conducted 58.36% and 90.62% of home deliveries in riverine and non-riverine blocks respectively. Only 18.4% of the 'Dai' were trained.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery, Obstetric/methods , Female , Home Childbirth/methods , Humans , India , Pregnancy
5.
Indian J Public Health ; 2004 Jan-Mar; 48(1): 21-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-109391

ABSTRACT

A study was conducted in 12 First Referral Units (FRUs), selected through multistage sampling, from 6 districts of West Bengal. Infrastructure facilities, record keeping, referral system and MCH indicators related to newborn care were documented. Data was collected by review of records, interview and observation using a pre-designed proforma. Inadequate infrastructure facilities (e.g. no sanctioned posts of specialists, no blood bank at rural hospitals declared as First Referral Units etc.); poor utilization of equipment like neonatal resuscitation sets, radiant warmer etc, lack of training of the service providers were evident. Records/registers were available but incomplete. Referral system was found to be almost nonexistent. Most of the deliveries (86.1%) were normal delivery. Deliveries (87.71%) and immediate neonatal resuscitation (94.9%) were done mostly by nursing personnel. Institution based maternal, perinatal and early neonatal mortality rates were found to be 5.6, 62.4 and 25.2 per 1000 live births respectively. Eclampsia (48.9%), hemorrhage (17.7%), puerperal sepsis (7.1%) were reported to be major causes of maternal mortality. Common causes of early neonatal mortality were birth asphyxia (54.3%), sepsis (14.6%) and prematurity/LBW (12.4%).


Subject(s)
Documentation , Female , Humans , India/epidemiology , Infant Care/organization & administration , Infant Mortality , Infant, Newborn , Maternal Health Services/organization & administration , Maternal Mortality , Pregnancy , Referral and Consultation
6.
Indian J Public Health ; 2001 Oct-Dec; 45(4): 116-21
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-109951

ABSTRACT

Evaluation of the Coverage of Maternal Care Services was conducted during the year 1999 in the entire State of West Bengal, Urban poor localities of randomly selected three Municipal Corporation areas and 'high-risk' urban wards or villages of West Bengal that had reported AFP cases in 1998. It was observed that mothers who had three or more antenatal check-ups varied between 54% to 82% in different study areas. Tetanus Toxoid coverage varied between 83.5% to 93.4% being lowest in high-risk areas. Only a very small section of mothers (12.7% to 23.7%) consumed 100 or more Iron and Folic acid tablets during pregnancy. 'Danger Signs' of pregnancy were informed to only 21.1% to 38.2% of the pregnant mothers. Proportion of home deliveries varied between 16.7% (Calcutta) to as high as 72.7% (high-risk areas). Deliveries conducted by untrained personnel were 60.8% in high risk areas, 38.1% in State clusters and between 14.2% to 29.4% in the three urban areas. Vast majority of mothers (78.8% to 88.4%) received no post-natal check-up.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Delivery, Obstetric , Female , Folic Acid/administration & dosage , Health Services Research , Humans , India , Iron/administration & dosage , Maternal Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Postpartum Period , Poverty Areas , Pregnancy , Tetanus Toxoid/administration & dosage , Urban Population
7.
Indian J Public Health ; 2001 Jan-Mar; 45(1): 20-3
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-110328

ABSTRACT

Routine UIP coverage status in the state of West Bengal and three selected Municipal Corporation areas (Calcutta, Howrah and Siliguri) were studied during 1997-98 and 1998-99. Also, UIP coverage status in the 'high risk' areas of the State (areas which reported Polio cases during 1998) was studied during 1998-99. UIP coverage in the state of West Bengal was only 54.3% in 1997-98, which further declined to 48.1% in 1998-99. In the three urban areas, UIP coverage ranged between 57.3%-70.9% in 1997-98, which further declined to 29.6%-47.1% in 1998-99. Antigenwise coverage revealed very poor performance with DPT3, OPV3, and Measles in 1997-98 and further decline in 1998-99. Dropout rate was also very high. In 1998-99 drop-out rate ranged between 30.1% to 54.2% in different studied areas. Some other studies suggested that PPI activities, which are very visible and targetted programme, may adversely affect routine UIP services. There is urgent need for further probing to identify the reasons for such poor state of affairs, keeping PPI angle in mind and to initiate remedial measure urgently.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Viral/analysis , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Services Research , Humans , Immunization Programs/statistics & numerical data , India/epidemiology , Infant , Male , Poliomyelitis/epidemiology , Poliovirus/immunology , Poliovirus Vaccines/administration & dosage , Program Evaluation , Urban Population
8.
Indian J Public Health ; 2000 Jan-Mar; 44(1): 23-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-109866

ABSTRACT

All opportunities for immunisation in children should be utilised properly, as sustaining high levels of full immunisation coverage is essential to meet the goal of eradication of poliomyelitis as well as control the other vaccine-preventable diseases; yet many opportunities for immunisation are missed in all types of health facilities, even in teaching hospitals. Reducing such missed opportunities is the cheapest way to increase immunisation coverage. The present study discusses the problem of missed opportunities for immunisation in children in Paediatric Outpatient Department and Immunisation Clinic of R.G. Kar Medical and Hospital, Calcutta and the underlying factors of the problem. Prevalence of missed opportunities in Paediatric OPD and Immunisation clinic was 37.8% and 1.4% respectively. Most of the missed opportunities were attributed to health care providers and delivery system of health care of the studied hospital.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Communicable Disease Control/standards , Female , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Immunization/statistics & numerical data , India/epidemiology , Male
9.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 1998 Aug; 96(8): 247-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-100665

ABSTRACT

A survey was conducted at an Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme project in North Calcutta among 656 mothers having children less than 3 years of age to assess their perception and practice regarding pulse polio immunisation (PPI). It was revealed that 91.8% of under 3-year children received PPI on 9-12-1995 and 94.4% on 20-1-1996. Major reasons for not accepting the services on those two days included 'mothers unaware' (22%), 'child too small' (30.5%), etc. Major source of first information was television (TV)/radio (57.2%) followed by anganwadi workers (AWWs) (33.8%). However, majority of the mothers were finally motivated for PPI by AWWs (58.8%) followed by the role of TV/radio (34.1%). Although 70.7% mothers knew the name of the vaccine correctly, only 3.5% mothers could tell the exact purpose of its administration. Most mothers (73%) opined that 2 drops of oral polio vaccine (OPV) was administered to their children and only 14.6% hoped that such programmes will be conducted by the Government in future. The average waiting time of mothers at immunisation centres was found to be 7.2 minutes.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Child, Preschool , Data Collection , Female , Health Education , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Immunization Programs , India , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mothers , Poliomyelitis/prevention & control , Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/administration & dosage , Radio , Television , Urban Population
11.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 1976 Sep; 67(5): 134-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-102632
12.
Indian J Pediatr ; 1951 Oct; 18(72): 154-60
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-83729
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