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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with different types of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:A total of 272 eligible COVID-19 patients who were admitted to Guangzhou Eighth People′s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University from January 22 to February 15, 2020 were retrospectively enrolled. General characteristics, the first laboratory examination and imaging data of these patients were collected. According to the clinical classification, there were 236 cases in non-severe group (mild+ common type) and 36 cases in severe group (severe+ critical type). Comparisons between groups were performed by t test, chi-square test or rank-sum test when appropriate. Results:There were 23 males and 13 females in the severe group, 103 males and 133 females in the non-severe group, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.149, P=0.023). The age of severe group was (60.5±11.2) years, which was higher than that of non-severe group (46.8±15.7) years. The difference was statistically significant ( t=6.43, P<0.01). The lymphocyte (LYM) count, platelet (PLT) count and arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) in the severe group were 0.90(0.55, 1.10)×10 9/L, 170.00(143.50, 198.00)×10 9/L and 73.50(69.70, 83.00) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), respectively, which were all lower than those in the non-severe group (1.42(1.09, 1.95)×10 9/L, 187.00(148.00, 230.00)×10 9/L and 96.00(83.20, 108.00) mmHg, respectively). The differences were all statistically significant ( Z=5.59, 2.00 and 5.00, respectively, all P<0.05). The levels of creatine kinase (CK), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C reaction protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in the severe group were 123.00(79.00, 212.00) U/L, 32.10(27.00, 47.40) U/L, 305.50(216.00, 396.00) U/L, 37.02(23.92, 63.66) mg/L and 0.09(0.05, 0.19) μg/L, respectively, which were all higher than those in the non-severe group (68.00(48.00, 103.00) U/L, 20.10(16.70, 26.20) U/L, 179.00(150.00, 222.00) U/L, 26.55(18.11, 36.96) mg/L and 0.04(0.03, 0.06) μg/L respectively), and the differences were all statistically significant ( Z=3.89, 5.60, 5.12, 2.85 and 5.43, respectively, all P<0.01). No significant differences were observed in white blood cell count, creatine kinase isoenzyme and blood lactate between the two groups ( Z=1.53, 0.41 and 1.00, respectively, all P>0.05). Conclusion:Gender, age, LYM count, PLT count, PaO 2, CK, AST, LDH, CRP and PCT could be used to provide reference for clinical classification of COVID-19 patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823835

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of definitive repair surgery on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Methods The retrospective case-control study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 181 patients with bile duct injury caused by LC for benign gallbladder diseases who underwent definitive repair surgery and 50 patients without complications after LC for benign gallbladder diseases in the Mianyang Central Hospital from January 2000 to December 2017 were collected.There were 82 males and 99 females of 181 patients with bile duct injury,aged from 31 to 68 years,with an average age of 47 years.Definitive repair surgery was performed according to different types of bile duct injury,and questionnaire of HRQOL was conducted preoperatively and one year after operation.There were 18 males and 32 females of 50 patients without complications after LC,aged from 35 to 69 years,with an average age of 41 years.Questionnaire of HRQOL was conducted on LC patients without complications one year after operation.Observation indicators:(1) classification of bile duct injury;(2) intraoperative situations of definitive repair surgery;(3) postoperative situations of definitive repair surgery;(4) follow-up;(5) results of the SF-36 scale assessment.Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination and telephone interview up to December 2018.Patients were reexamined liver function and color Doppler ultrasonography once every 6-12 months,and further magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) or computed tomography examination to detect recurrence of anastomotic biliary stricture and cholangitis.Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean±SD,and comparison between groups was analyzed by the paired t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range),and count data were described as absolute numbers.Results (1) Classification of bile duct injury:of the 181 patients with bile duct injury,there were 64 cases of E1 type,70 cases of E2 type,35 cases of E3 type,9 cases of E4 type,and 3 cases of E5 type.(2) Intraoperative situations of definitive repair surgery:all the 181 patinets with bile duct injury underwent definitive repair surgery successfully,including 61 undergoing end-to-end biliary anastomosis,109 undergoing Roux-en-Y choledojejunostomy,11 undergoing hemi-hepatectomy combined with Roux-en-Y anastomosis.There were 52 patients combined with hilar cholangioplasty.The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of 181 patients were (190±126) minutes and 601.5 mL (range,150.0-2 100.0 mL).There were 24 cases with blood transfusion and 18 cases with T-tube stent.(3) Postoperative situations of definitive repair surgery:40 of 181 patients had complications,including 14 cases of incisional infection,10 cases of bile leakage,8 cases of perihepatic effusion,7 cases of pulmonary infection,and 1 case of abdominal hemorrhage.The patient with postoperative abdominal hemorrhage underwent reoperation for hemostasis,and other patients with complications were cured after ultrasound-guided puncture and drainage or conservative treatment.Duration of postoperative hospital stay of 181 patients with bile duct injury was 12.6 days (range,6.0-34.0 days).There was uo perioperative death occurred.(4) Follow-up:157 of 181 patients were followed up for 8.2-201.3 months,with a median follow-up time of 92.7 months.Twenty-eight patients had anastomotic stricture recurred,16 of which were treated with reoperation,10 were treated with endoscopic stent implantation,and 2 cases were treated with balloon dilatation in interventional department;the stricture was repaired again in all cases.Thirteen patients had recurrent cholangitis,showing no obvious anastomotic stricture on MRCP,and symptoms can be effectively controlled after conservative treatment.(5) Results of the SF-36 scale assessment:181 patients with bile duct injury completed the SF-36 scales before definitive repair surgery,and 157 completed one year after definitive repair surgery.All the 50 patients without complications completed SF-36 scales one year after LC.The scores of HRQOL in physiological function,role functioning,somatic pain,general health,vitality,social function,emotional function,mental health,the scores of physical component summary,and mental component summary of 181 patients with bile duct injury before surgery were 79±15,65±12,40±17,42±14,59±20,27±15,48±23,56±22,60±11,and 56±11,respectively.The above indices one year after definitive repair surgery were 87±10,78±15,71±20,64±20、68± 19,70 ± 25,67 ± 21,69 ± 23,71 ± 13,68 ± 15,respectively.The above indices of 50 patients without complications one year after LC were 90±13,81±20,87±16,72±20,73±15,86±17,79±22,77±19,82±18,79 ± 18,respectively.The 181 patients with bile duct injury had significant elevation in above indices one year after definitive repair surgery (t=2.051,2.016,3.875,3.014,2.563,3.225,2.964,2.357,2.150,2.203,P<0.05).The 50 patients without complications also had significant elevation in above indices one year after definitive repair surgery (t=2.817,2.206,3.641,3.112,3.202,3.310,3.011,2.899,2.150,2.118,P<0.05).There were significant differences in the general health and mental health one year after definitive repair surgery between 181 patients with bile duct injury and 50 patients without complications (t =2.014,2.011,P<0.05),and no significant difference in the physiological function,role functioning,somatic pain,vitality,social function,or emotional function between the two groups (t=0.852,0.915,0.907,1.102,1.284,1.120,0.863,1.109,P>0.05).Conclusion Definitive repair surgery can significantly improve HRQOL in patients with bile duct injury caused by LC.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791477

ABSTRACT

Objective To study hemihepatectomy combined with a circular-stretching suturing technique in bile duct anastomosis in treatment of high level bile duct injuries (BDI).Methods From January 2000 to January 2018,eleven patients with high level BDI caused by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) were treated in Mianyang Central Hospital with hemihepatectomy combined with a circular-stretching suturing technique in the bile duct anastomosis.The hilar confluence was involved in all these patients.A total of six patients had combined right hepatic artery injury with 1 having associated right portal vein injury.A total of five patients had developed right liver atrophy.The median time interval from LC to hepatectomy was 17.0 (2.0 ~ 61.0) months.The number of previously attempted biliary repairs was 1 ~ 4 times (median 2 times).The bile duct anastomosis was performed by the circular-stretching suturing technique.Results There was no perioperative death.One patient underwent left hemihepatectomy and 10 patients right hemihepatectomy.Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was carried out in 9 patients,and bile duct end-to-end anastomosis in 2 patients.The operation time was (245.9 ± 87.4) min,intraoperative blood loss (655.7 ±413.6) ml,and the median postoperative hospital stay 12.0(7.0 ~29.0) days.Five patients developed complications.The median follow-up was 47.0(15.0 ~ 89.0) months.One patient developed anastomotic stenosis and 1 patient had cholangitis.The remaining 9 patients were well.Conclusion After adequate preoperative preparation,patients who were treated with hemihepatectomy combined with the circularstretching suturing technique for bile duct anastomosis to treat high level BDI achieved good results.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797914

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study hemihepatectomy combined with a circular-stretching suturing technique in bile duct anastomosis in treatment of high level bile duct injuries (BDI).@*Methods@#From January 2000 to January 2018, eleven patients with high level BDI caused by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) were treated in Mianyang Central Hospital with hemihepatectomy combined with a circular-stretching suturing technique in the bile duct anastomosis. The hilar confluence was involved in all these patients. A total of six patients had combined right hepatic artery injury with 1 having associated right portal vein injury. A total of five patients had developed right liver atrophy. The median time interval from LC to hepatectomy was 17.0(2.0~61.0) months. The number of previously attempted biliary repairs was 1~4 times (median 2 times). The bile duct anastomosis was performed by the circular-stretching suturing technique.@*Results@#There was no perioperative death. One patient underwent left hemihepatectomy and 10 patients right hemihepatectomy. Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was carried out in 9 patients, and bile duct end-to-end anastomosis in 2 patients. The operation time was (245.9±87.4) min, intraoperative blood loss (655.7±413.6) ml, and the median postoperative hospital stay 12.0(7.0~29.0) days. Five patients developed complications. The median follow-up was 47.0(15.0~89.0) months. One patient developed anastomotic stenosis and 1 patient had cholangitis. The remaining 9 patients were well.@*Conclusion@#After adequate preoperative preparation, patients who were treated with hemihepatectomy combined with the circular-stretching suturing technique for bile duct anastomosis to treat high level BDI achieved good results.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of definitive repair surgery on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).@*Methods@#The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 181 patients with bile duct injury caused by LC for benign gallbladder diseases who underwent definitive repair surgery and 50 patients without complications after LC for benign gallbladder diseases in the Mianyang Central Hospital from January 2000 to December 2017 were collected. There were 82 males and 99 females of 181 patients with bile duct injury, aged from 31 to 68 years, with an average age of 47 years. Definitive repair surgery was performed according to different types of bile duct injury, and questionnaire of HRQOL was conducted preoperatively and one year after operation. There were 18 males and 32 females of 50 patients without complications after LC, aged from 35 to 69 years, with an average age of 41 years. Questionnaire of HRQOL was conducted on LC patients without complications one year after operation. Observation indicators: (1) classification of bile duct injury; (2) intraoperative situations of definitive repair surgery; (3) postoperative situations of definitive repair surgery; (4) follow-up; (5) results of the SF-36 scale assessment. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination and telephone interview up to December 2018. Patients were reexamined liver function and color Doppler ultrasonography once every 6-12 months, and further magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) or computed tomography examination to detect recurrence of anastomotic biliary stricture and cholangitis. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the paired t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range), and count data were described as absolute numbers.@*Results@#(1) Classification of bile duct injury: of the 181 patients with bile duct injury, there were 64 cases of E1 type, 70 cases of E2 type, 35 cases of E3 type, 9 cases of E4 type, and 3 cases of E5 type. (2) Intraoperative situations of definitive repair surgery: all the 181 patinets with bile duct injury underwent definitive repair surgery successfully, including 61 undergoing end-to-end biliary anastomosis, 109 undergoing Roux-en-Y choledojejunostomy, 11 undergoing hemi-hepatectomy combined with Roux-en-Y anastomosis. There were 52 patients combined with hilar cholangioplasty. The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of 181 patients were (190±126) minutes and 601.5 mL (range, 150.0-2 100.0 mL). There were 24 cases with blood transfusion and 18 cases with T-tube stent. (3) Postoperative situations of definitive repair surgery: 40 of 181 patients had complications, including 14 cases of incisional infection, 10 cases of bile leakage, 8 cases of perihepatic effusion, 7 cases of pulmonary infection, and 1 case of abdominal hemorrhage. The patient with postoperative abdominal hemorrhage underwent reoperation for hemostasis, and other patients with complications were cured after ultrasound-guided puncture and drainage or conservative treatment. Duration of postoperative hospital stay of 181 patients with bile duct injury was 12.6 days (range, 6.0-34.0 days). There was no perioperative death occurred. (4) Follow-up: 157 of 181 patients were followed up for 8.2-201.3 months, with a median follow-up time of 92.7 months. Twenty-eight patients had anastomotic stricture recurred, 16 of which were treated with reoperation, 10 were treated with endoscopic stent implantation, and 2 cases were treated with balloon dilatation in interventional department; the stricture was repaired again in all cases. Thirteen patients had recurrent cholangitis, showing no obvious anastomotic stricture on MRCP, and symptoms can be effectively controlled after conservative treatment. (5) Results of the SF-36 scale assessment: 181 patients with bile duct injury completed the SF-36 scales before definitive repair surgery, and 157 completed one year after definitive repair surgery. All the 50 patients without complications completed SF-36 scales one year after LC. The scores of HRQOL in physiological function, role functioning, somatic pain, general health, vitality, social function, emotional function, mental health, the scores of physical component summary, and mental component summary of 181 patients with bile duct injury before surgery were 79±15, 65±12, 40±17, 42±14, 59±20, 27±15, 48±23, 56±22, 60±11, and 56±11, respectively. The above indices one year after definitive repair surgery were 87±10, 78±15, 71±20, 64±20、68±19, 70±25, 67±21, 69±23, 71±13, 68±15, respectively. The above indices of 50 patients without complications one year after LC were 90±13, 81±20, 87±16, 72±20, 73±15, 86±17, 79±22, 77±19, 82±18, 79±18, respectively. The 181 patients with bile duct injury had significant elevation in above indices one year after definitive repair surgery (t=2.051, 2.016, 3.875, 3.014, 2.563, 3.225, 2.964, 2.357, 2.150, 2.203, P<0.05). The 50 patients without complications also had significant elevation in above indices one year after definitive repair surgery (t=2.817, 2.206, 3.641, 3.112, 3.202, 3.310, 3.011, 2.899, 2.150, 2.118, P<0.05). There were significant differences in the general health and mental health one year after definitive repair surgery between 181 patients with bile duct injury and 50 patients without complications (t=2.014, 2.011, P<0.05), and no significant difference in the physiological function, role functioning, somatic pain, vitality, social function, or emotional function between the two groups (t=0.852, 0.915, 0.907, 1.102, 1.284, 1.120, 0.863, 1.109, P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Definitive repair surgery can significantly improve HRQOL in patients with bile duct injury caused by LC.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 66-69,73, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603673

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognosis of sepesis patients whose timing of hemopurification therapy was classified according to kidney disease:improving global outcomes acute kidney injury (KDIGO AKI) classification.Methods The clinic data of sepsis patients,who were treated with hemopurification therapy in Xiangya Hospital intensive care unit (ICU) during January 1,2014 to June 1,2014,were retrospectively analyzed.According to KGIDO AKI classification as their timing of hemopurification therapy,103 patients were divided to 2 groups,AKI Ⅰ group (n =34),AKI Ⅱ,Ⅲ group (n =69).Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE-Ⅱ),sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA),rate of multiple organ injury 7-,28-,90-days mortality rate of 2 groups were analyzed.For 90 days survivors,the length of ICU stay,hospital stay,the frequency and time of hemopurification were analyzed,respectively.Results APACHE-Ⅱ,SOFA of KDIGO AKI Ⅰ group was less than KDIGO AKI Ⅱ,Ⅲ group.KDIGO AKI I group was less on rate of 3 and ≥4 organ injury than KDIGO AKI Ⅱ,Ⅲ group.7-,28-,90-days mortality rate of KDIGO AKI I group were less than AKI Ⅱ,Ⅲ group.In 90 days survivors,length of ICU stay,hospital stay,frequency and time of hemopurification of KDIGO AKI Ⅰ group were less than AKI Ⅱ,Ⅲ group.Conclusions KDIGO AKI classification is an effective indicator to sepsis patients for hemopurification therapy.Compared to KDIGO AKI Ⅱ,Ⅲ,sepsis patients with KDIGO AKI Ⅰ were less severity and multiple organ injuries.To start hemopurification during AKI Ⅰ,it could decrease mortality rate,length of ICU stay,hospital stay,and frequency and time of hemopurification therapy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397273

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the result of percutaneous or open drainage for muhilocular bacterial liver abscess. Methods The clinical data of 45 patients with multilocular bacterial liver abscess were reviewed retrospectively over the past 5 years. Twenty-one cases underwent B-us or CT-guided pereutaneons drainage (PD) and 24 received surgical drainage (SD) as the first-line treatment. The treatment outcomes in both groups were compared, and clinical end-points included time to defervescence, failure of treatment, secondary procedures, hospital stay, morbidity, and mortality. Results The time of defervesecnce was not statistically different between the two groups (4.85 day vs. 4.38 days, P>0.05). However, patients in SD group suffered from less treatment failures (2 cases vs. 9 cases, P<0.05), less requirement for secondary procedures (1 cases vs. 11 cases,P<0.01), and shorter hospital stay (8 day vs. 11 days, P<0.05). There was no difference in morbidity or mortality rates between the two groups. Conclusions It was concluded that for multilocular liver abscess, SD provides better clinical outcomes than PD in terms of treatment success, number of secondary procedures, and hospital stay with comparable morbidity and mortality rates. SD should be considered as first-line treatment for multilocular bacterial liver abscesses.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594537

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the approaches and clinical value of intra-abdominal fluid monitoring after laparoscopic splenectomy (LS). Methods We collected the data of 63 cases of LS performed in the West China Hospital from November 2005 to August 2008,and analyzed the level of amylase in intra-abdominal fluid,changes of color,volume,and characteristics of the drainage fluid,as well as the results of germiculture and ultrasonography. Results Among the cases,post-LS complications were detected by intra-abdominal fluid monitoring in 4 cases early after the surgery. In the four cases,2 patients showed hemorrhagic fluid (over 40 ml/h),and then was found having postoperative bleeding in the splenogastric ligament by abdominal exploration in 12 hours. In the other 2 patients,ravidous drainage fluid was detected in 6 days after the operation,and increased levels of amylase (15 189 and 9206 U/L,respectively) was revealed while germiculture was negative; pancreatic fistula (PF) was then diagnosed and somatostatin was administered. Of the 2 patients who developed PF,intra-abdominal drainage was patent in 1,and the drainage tube was withdrawn in 20 days; for the other cases who had non-patent drainage,ultrasonography-guided percutaneous puncture catheter drainage was performed,and the drainage tube was taken out in 2 months. Conclusions LS is safe,reliable,and minimally invasive. Postoperative monitoring of intra-abdominal fluid is valuable for early detection of post-LS complications.

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